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UU1MP TO DEATHI
' OUGN- WOMAN r ES OER
TWO HUNDRED FEET
SHED ON PAVEMENT
' earing Badge, "Death Before Dis
honor," With New Testament Sus
pendedfrom Her Neck and Hold
lng Handbag, Young Woman
School Teacher Takes Fatal Leap.
Po-sessed with the Idea that she
was pursued for dishonorable pur
poses, Miss Maud Van Deusen, 35
years old, leaped from the twentieth
story of the McCormick building in
Chicago and was crushed to death on
the stone pavement of an alley at the
street level.- She jumped from a fire
escape, 1nearly 2Q.U feet above the
ground. Her body struck another
fire escape at the first floor and
bounded into the alleyway. Nearly
all her bones were broaen.
-Miss Van Deusen. according to pa
pers found on her person, was a
school teacher in Humboldt, Neb. It
appears that she had been seeking a
position at Chicago and had been ob
sessed with the idea that she had
'- : been in danger from white slavers.
She- wrote that she had been driven
to appeal for protection 'from Chief
of Police McWeeney to the Federal
department of justice and to social
$b4 had prepared for her death by
pziing across her bosom a strip of
~- - white linen, which had been stained
crimson at either end and on which
she printed in large letters "Death
before dishonor". She had tied
around her neck a copy of the New
Testament, in which she had marked
.:passages in John. She held her hand
bag inher hand as she iomned and it
was pickea up near her body. In it
- was another marked Bible and a
typewritten statement of several
words entitled "Part of My Life's
"I will die clean. ! I have to kill
- myself." was written at the head of
= one of the sheets. A strip of baco'i, a
small -paper of pepper, an ounce of
tea and $3.19 in currency also were
found In the handbag.
The police assert that. Miss Van
Deusen evidently was deranged when
she leaped from the building. The
landlady from the house in which
kiss Van Deusen bad been rooming
said that the young woman had been
witboutemployment for some time.
"I am trying to write this without
_ the least emotion." her typewritten
statement began. "and, though the
following statements may seem dra
matie. your reason will assure you
that they contain only common sense.
-I have very little money and am
not allowed to holl a position. I will
accept no money but that I earn.
"If I do not get help it will be a
certainty that I cannot escape falling
into the- hands of the spiritualist
white slave trade and that will force
-me to self-destruction."
The police do not understand what
Miss Van Deusen meant by "spirit
alis whte savetrade".
A copy of a letter in her handbag
addsessed to Miss -Jane Addams, or
Hull House. read:.
"1 wonder it this note will ever
-reach you. Good people nowadays
are protected by secretaries so that it
is hard to get to them. I shall love
you if you are good really, or i~ntend
to be. as you determine.'
A l'etter apparently written by Miss
Addams ini reply atated tnat she was
too busy to lee Miss Van Deusen at
that ti'me, but would mrake a later
appointment with her.
One passage marked in the Testa
- ment referred to was from the 14th
chapter of John. "Let not your heart
- etroubled. Ye believe in God. Be
leve also in -Me. in my Father's
heuse are many mansions. If it were
-not so I would have told you. I go
to prepare a place for you."
- iss Van Deusen. it is saiM, was
-the only- daughter of Dr. Lydia Van
Deusen, Falls City. Nob. She is said
to have told friends that she worried
a great deal over a Hinau cult.
'The young woman~ is said to have
been harassed by a hullucination that
she was nursned by the representa
tives of this cult.
Miss Van Deusen came to Chicago
from Cincinnati June 26. While in
the Ohio city- she worxed as a sten
ojrapher and lived at the Young Wo
men's Christian Association Home.
Miss Maud Van Deusen was well
*krnown in Falls City. Neb., where s'he
grew up to womannood ~She taugt
school in Falls City, and in Richn'd
son County uilstricts for a number o'
years. Her family was well-to-do.
About six years azo Miss Van Dle'
son, then 29 years old, suffered men
tal derangement and became estrant
ed from her family. She imagi xe1
- they were trying to deprive her et
her property. For a time she * es
treated in a Lincoln hosDital and lat
Ser she went to Chicago. Fror the last
two years her relatives knew little
about her but understood she was
* making her own way in Chicago as a
STRANGE PRISON TALE.
Jail Officials May Havo Hanged the
- Wrong Negre.
Leonard Lewis. sentenced to four
years on the Georgia state larui for
burglary, may have been hanged at
Donglaaville by mistake for Leonard
Lewis, who was sentenced to be ex
*-ecuted for murder. If the wrong
man was hanged, the mistake was
due to the fact that two negro con
victs, both named Leonard Lewis and
very much alike in Dersonal appear
ance. were confined in Atlanta sail
for safe keepink. One Lewis was
*- from Coweta county and the other
* from Douglas county. One was taken
-from Atlanta .jail to Douglasville and
there hanged. Soon after the meu
tion rumors became current that the
wrong man had suffera deathi ior
-the crime of murder. The prison of
ficials say the right Leonard Lewis
was hanged but admit the difficulty
of proving the asserton.
- -- The Pres~'ent's Thanksgiving proc
lamation breathes the spirit of
thankfulness. There is no cause to
question the sincerity of his feelings
in seeving fe'*h sneh a document at
this time. Disappointed he may be
in a party sense at the outcome of
the recent election, but that does not
and siould not a~ect the gratitude
he feels, In common with all hisi
countrymen for the manifol- bless
Ings this nation has received during
*the year. He is apoor kind of a
citizen that lets a political defeat
<sour his tezpper. -
**nr'r E-MoTran Jo 1'IaT
At Tampa Guillermo Gonzales, ar
ed 70;.died of heart failure due to ex
citement:Thurs5day, when he view the
gallows Os-which a negro criminal is
SENATOR RAYNER DEAD j
)ISTINGUISHED DEM)CRAT OF
Is Death Makes the United States
Senate Very Close as a Republican
Isidor Rayner, one of the leading
)emocratic memoers of the United
tates Senate and a man wnose name
vas offered to tne Baltimore Con
ention by William J. ryan as a
uitable candidate for the Presiden
ial nomination, died at Washington
arly Monday at the end of a long ill
ess resulting from continued attacks
Senator Rayner had been in a co
natose state since last Wednesday a
veek with only one or two slight ral
ies. His severe illness covered a pe
iod of about six weeks. dating from
he efforts made in the joint political
!ebate with Bourke Cockran at. Balti
nore, late in September. Physicians
Compelled him to retire from the
:ampaign immediately after that and
.e returned to his Washington home.
there he died at 6:20 o'clock Mon
His death creates a vacancy in the
senate that probably will be filled by
t Republican through appointment
)y Governor Goldsborough. of Mary
and. While the legislature of that
state is Democratic it does not meet
:his winter and the Republican gov
ernor's appointment will hold thro'
the opening sessions of the next con
gress. Senator Rayner was one of
the striking figures of the Senate.
Re had been a member of that body
for almost eight years and was one of
its strongest debaters and a recogniz
ed authority on constitutional law.
Before he entered the Senate he
had attained a national reputation
because . of his vigorous conduct of
the late Admiral Schley's case before
the naval court of inquiry that inves
tigated the action of American offic
ers in the battle with Admiral Cer
vera's Spanish fleet.. Mr. Rayner was
a native of Baltimore and was 62
Fears old. He was a member of the
Maryland legislature when 28 years
)id and served three terms in the na
tional House of Representatives in
the period from 1886 to 1892. He
was elected to the United States Sen
ate in 1904, after having served a
rour years' term as attorney-general
The control of the United States
Senate after March 4 may hinge on
the death of Senator Rayner. The
Republican whom it is expected Gov
ernor Goldsborough will appoint in
his place will hold office at least un
til the Maryland legislature meets in
Senator Rayner's death removes
one of the Democrats on whom the
control of the Senate denended in the
new Congress. With his vote the
Democratic leaders counted on mus
tering 49, or one more than a major
ity of a total membership of 96. In
any event, 48 votes, with the vote of
the vice-president in case of a tie.
was looked upon as sufficient strength
to insure control.
While the Democrats still have an
apparent strength of 48, the death of
the 'Maryland senator reduces the
supposed majority to a point very
near the dividing line of party con
WRITE SLAVERY CHARGE.
oung Girl Trapped by Head of a
Disclosures by Miss Genevive
Goodwin, 19 years old, of Cincinnati.
)., of an alleged attempt to use her
as a "white slave", resulted in the
irrest at Atlanta Saturday night ot
\'rs. Emma Paaline Hudson. man
iger, and Robert Grier, stage diree
for, of the Metropolitan lMusical Com-*
o'y Company, on Federal warrants
harging violation of the Mann Act
Mrs. Hudson and Grier will be ar
-aigned before United States Comn
missioner Fuller next Tuesday.
Miss Goodwin's story was related
o Federal officials and the chief o?
the local police department. Accord*
ng to her statement she was until
recently a trained nurse in the Cit'
ospital at Cleveland. Desiring to
go on the stage, she listed an applica
tion with a Cincmnnati Employment
Agency. Last week, through the
igency. she was directed to the Met
rcpolitan Company, being organized
in that city, with an offer of a posi
tion at $10 a week and her trans
Upon her arrival she alleges that
\rs. Hudson Informed her that she
would have to "pass as the wife" of
one of two "odd" men in the com
pany. The two "odd" men, accord
ing to her statement. were to be
brought before her and she was to
ake her choice. Angered at the al
leged command. Miss Goodwin asked
for her return fare to Cincinnati.
he states that this was refused and
she notified the local police.*
COUNTY SHERIFF KILLED.
Farmer, Resisting Arrest, Badh'
Wounded in the Battle.
W. T. Harris, sheriff of DeSot<
County. Miss., was killed and G. W
Treadway, a farmer, probably fatal
ly wounded In a revolver battle Mon
day at the Treadway mhome, where the
sheriff and a posse had gone to arres'
Treadway was charged with driv
ing officers from his borne at thr
noint of a revolver Saturday. They
had called to seize some cotton to sat
isfy a judgment.
Members of the posse stated that
Treatway Monday tnvited Sherifi
Harris to -nter his home: as Harris
reached the doorway he was shot
down. An exchanae of shots be
ween the posse and Treadway. as-'
sisted hby his two sons. Earl and
\urel, followed. The elder Tread.
way's arms and shoulders were rid-'
died with bullets. Earl surrender
ed, but Murel escaned, the latter i
being pursued by proses.I
They Mahe Peac'.
A truce was declare-d between Turk
ish and Bulgarian families in New
York Thursday and the two national
ities mingled on friendliy t'erms at the
wedding of Miss Alegre Feinach, to
Bahamin Samueis, a Bulgarian dia
mond merchant:. Mis~s Recinac isi
pure Turkish an'd has two brothers
fighting at Tchaal'a. Samtuels was
born in Bulgaria and has three broth
rs in the armiis ni the allion.
Each Looked Like Rahhlt.
Frederick C. Sienane and the Rev
T. Willis Miller. both of Buitlet, N. T..
Sere hunting in the same field recent
y. neither knowing the other was
-hre. They both spied a rabbit at~
he same time. both shot and both
-eceived a shot in the legs. They
imped home tozether.
New York knows what to do with1
er murderers. Five men have re-1
enly been convicted of murder for
illing one man, and sentenced to be
LJNBARS TilE PRiISON
;LEMENCY EXTENDED TO .THIR
(OUNf GIVEN A PARDON
Is Thanksgiving Offering, Governer
Cole L. blease Grants Parole to
Twenty-nine - Convicts and Full
Pardon to Three, Who Can Eat
Thanksgiving Dinner at HIme.
Governor Blease gave thirty-two
people their freedom as a Thanksgiv
ng present and they who are in the
.ucky number will be liberated in
.ime to eat Thanksgiving dinner at
iome with their relatives and friends.
mong the thirty-two to whom clem
ncy were granted seventeen are at
resent in the Penitentiary, th:reen
)n chain gangs throughouc the Statte
nd two were out, one on parole and
he other was pardoned to restore
itizenship. The prison doors of those
who were recipients of the Governor't
lemency for Thanksgiring swung
>pen Wednesday and marches out in
-o the sunshine and to treedom.
Among the number liberated is J.
tobo Young, of Laurens, who was
riven a full pardon. He was convict
td along with John Y. Garlington of
)reach of trust in connection with the
eminole Securities Company and
;entenced to one year in the peniten.
-ary. Recently he has been free on
i parole and now goes free with a
Plumer Ashley, who was convicted
) manslaughter in 1911 in Abbeville
County, was given a parole. He kill
ed a Mr. Stone and the' evidence
shows that the gun went off acci
lentally. Ashley is a nephew of Mr
I W. Ashley, a memoer of the Legis
!ature from Anderson County.
William H. Mills, who was serving
i life sentence for killing a Mr. Deal
received a parole d"" Ing good behav
ior. Mills was sent up from Chero.
<ee County for life in 19"'.
Three of the thirty-two receiving
-lemency obtained full pardons.~wlhit
be other twenty-nine were given pa.
-oles. A full list of the ones receiv
'g clemency for Thanksgiving fol
J. Stobo Young. convicted o:
->reach of trust at Richland in Jan
'ary 1910, and sentenced to on
-ear's imprisonment in the Stat
penitentiary (paroled April 18, 1912
-o October 1, 1912. at which time pa
-ole extended until November 12
'912) was pardoned.
Bishop Bradley, convicted at Abbe
%lle in March, 1910, of larceny an'
<entenced to five years in the Stati
Reformatory, was paraoned.
J. C. MoFitone, convicted of bas
-ardy in Richland in June 1910, an
entenced to pay the defendant the
um of $25 annually until it reachet
he age of 12 years. was pardoned.
Will Jons. convicted of bigamy a
pnion, in February 1911, and sen
snced to three years' imprisonmen
unl pay a fine of $500, was parole<
luring good behavior.
Lonnie Hicks. convicted of larcen:
f a bicycle at York in July 1910, an(
entenced to pay a fine of $5 ant
-ree years in reformatory for color
d boys on State Farm in Lexingto1
ounty, was paroled during good be
Nelson Hampton. convicted wit'
ecomendation to mercy at Green
wood- in November. 1906. and sen
'enced to life Imprisonment In thi
itate Penitentiary was paroled dur
g rood behavior.
Aleander Brooks. convict~ed o
nanslaughter at Richland in Septeni
er, 1910. and sentenced to fly
years on the public works, was parol
d during good behavior.
Knowlton Davis. convicted of man
<auhter at Richiana in tnle sprini
of 1908 and sentenced to five years
mprisonment, was paroled durni
Wla Alford, convictea of larcen'
at Florence in the spring of 1 911
nd sentenced to two years on coun
ty works, was paroled during goo<
3, H. Pope Jr., convicted of man
slaughter at Hampton in the tall o
1 906, and sentenced to ten years' im
orisonment, was paroled during goo<
Rufus Jones, convicte'l of murde
at Orangeburg in.May, 1901,.and sen
tenced to life imprisonment, was pa
roled during good behavior.
Jake Thomas. crnvicted of man
slaughter at Chester in July, 1908
and sentenced to six years' imprison
mnent, was paroled during good be
James Boulware, convicted of man
slaughter at Fairfield in February
1 909, and sentenced to ten years' imn
prisonment, was paroled during- goo
Travis Bright, convicted of man
slaughter at Chero~ae In the fall o
1911, and sentenced to two and one
ed during good behavor.
half years' imprisonment, was panel.
Sam Langford. convicted at Lau.
ren in June, 3912, of assault and
battery of a high and aggravated na
ture and carrying concealed weapons
and sentenced to twelve months or
the chain gang of the county, was pa
roled during good behavior.
Jim Lewis. convicted of man
slaughter at Chester in 3Marsh, 1 911
and sentenced to two years- impris
nient, was paroled during good be
Plumer Ashley. convicted of man.
slaughter at Abbeville in the fall o1
911, 'and sentenced to seven years
imprisonment, was paroled durini
Elbert Wallace, convicted of as
sault with intent to ravish at Alker
in June. 1907, and sentenced to 12
y'ears' inprisonment in the State 'Pen
itentiary, was paroled during good
James 3M. Center. convicted of as
sault with intent to kill at Green
ville in January. 196. and sentenced
to one year's imp'risonmen~rt or pay
fine of %300. (Center was ansent a'
i an' swaiod sentee Ileft with
elerk of (Cou:rt. Hie was arrested andc
brou;:ht b~eore clerk of Court a-.in
30, 191''. awl sentence then opened,)
was parole'! during good behavior.
John Elrod. convicted of obtaining
goods by falso pretenses at Spartan'
burg inanuary, 19:2. and sentene
Pd to one year on the public workt
s Spartnburg County or in the State
Penitentiary at hardi labor, wvas pa
role'd duringc good behavior.
ltetsy Calhoun. convictea of arson
at Abbhaville in Raptomher. 19.1O. and
sentenced to ten :years in the staite
Penitentiary, was paroled duringI
lamie Fiouls, convicted at Barn
awell in March. 1 90!. of murder. with
ecmeldaiop to mercy and sen
enced to life imprisonment in the
sttae Penitentiary, was paroled dur
ng good behavior.
. F Horton. convicted of highway
-obbbery at Stpartanburg in Novem
>er.1 905. and sentenced to ten years
n the State Penitentiary, was paroled
luring good behavior.
Alonzo Camnack, convicted of man
laghter at Fairield in sentember,
91. and sentenced to three years'
mmrt~onment. waS narolsd during
FARMER HEWD UP
ON THE PUBLIC ROAD AND BOB
BED OF HIS CASH.
Returning From Darlington, where
He Sold Load of Cotton. Held UI
at Point of Pistols and Robbed.
A special to The News and Couriel
ronm Florence. says Mr I C McLen
don, a well known farmer of I Icr
ence county, was neld u ' oy three ne
gro ruffians at High Hill Creek Sat.
urday afternoon and -.ooi'rd of 1121
in coAd cash.
Mr. McLendon, who fives on an?
farms the T. C. Willoughy lands, i
miles south of that city, on the Ev.
Prgreen road. left his home early if
the morning with a wagon load o:
long staple bale cotton for Darling
Reaching that place he sold hii
cotton and received the money ii
cash, which he placed in his purs<
and in the breast pocket of his coat
Shortly after noon he started for his
home through Florence.
As he was passing along the roar
leaiing to Florence from Darling
ton, by the side of the Coast Lino
tracks, a most frequented thorough
rare for vehicles. be was held up ti
the High Hill Creek swamp, one miii
east of Palmetto. and robbed of hi:
Mr. McLendon, as soon as ne coul.
get away, hurried to Florence and re
ported the matter to the sheriff's of
fice and a party was hurriedly made
up, with Deputy Sheriff Cain ii
charge, a d rt. :hed to the bcene in ai
automobile, but was impossible t
capture the highwaymen, as they has
more than two hours' jump on tb
Mr. McLendon said that Saturda:
morning when he passed along he no
ticed three negroes sitting on thi
high trestle at that place, each o
them having a bicycle. He though
little of it at the time.
When he returned in the afternool
and, just as he crossed the firs
bridge, which is the Darlington Coun
ty line, he saw three men come ou
of the swamp between the two
bridges on the Florence County side
They a pproacned him with drawn re
vclvers and ordered him to hand ove
This he refused to do and endeav
bred to bluft them off by threatenin;
to shoot them if they approaches
further. He had notning to shoo
. with and soon he saw he was at th
mercy of the highwaymen, and afte
,gain being demanded to shuck ou
his coin he again refused. By thi
time one of the men had .umped int
the wagon behind him and quickl
slapped Mr. McLendon in the fac
and placed his hand over his mouth
he ran the other hand into his pock
et and secured the wallet with $129.
They then left him, secured thei
bicycles and made their escape. Al
ter leaving. Mr. McLendon saw ther
changing coats and hats, but did no
know or recognize any of them. H
can do so should be see either c
hem again, he says.
The party from Florence, afte
eaching the lonely place where th
eed was committees. followed th
rail of the bicycles and men for
!onsiderable distance towards Dai
'ington, but finally lost it entirely, a
they would walk awhile and the
carry their wheels on their shoulderi
It is thourht that the negroes, see
ir.g -Mr. McLendon pass along wit
the cotton early in the morning, an
-kinowing he would return that wa
during the day. followed him to Dai
lington and watched him sell the coi
ton, place the money in his pocke
then jumped on their wheels, returr
d to High Hill Creek and awaite
his coming, knowing they could ovei
n -ower him anc escape without bein
-FACE F.AM1NE AND FIRE.
Turkish Soldiers and People in Ad
Fire, famine, flood and anarch
-a.fflct the besieged Turkish fortres
of Adrianople, according to report
y fugitives from that besieged citl
Those refugees who have manage'
Sto escape through the lines of invest
mnt, which are being drawn close
evei y day 'around tbe Turkish strong
hold, declare that many buildings i
the vicinity of the Selim mosque ar
-onl fire. Other districts with the cit
-are deeply inundated with the water
ot' the rivers Miaritz, Tunga and Ardt
which have overflowed their banki
The civilian population is declared t
be short of food and among som
casses a state approaching anarch;
Will Dunlap. convicted of murder
with recommendation to mercy, a
York In April, 1908, and sentenced ti
life Imprisonment in the State Peni
tentiary, was paroled during good be
ICharles Huger, convicted of man
-slaughter at Dorchester in April
-f191'), and sentenced to six years' im
nrisonment, was paroled during goo
C. C. Summer, convicted of assaul
and battery with intent to kill a
Greenville in May, 1910, and sen
tenced to four years' imprisonment o
uny a fine of S800. was paroled dur
iig good behavior.
Robert Duncan, convicted of larcen:
at Greenville in May. 1910, and sen
tenced to seven years' imorisonment
-was paroled during good behav!or.
S . M1. Butt. convictert ofma
slauhter at Oconee in March. 1 91 i
and sentenced to three years' impris
onment, was paroled durmng good be
William H-. Mills, convicted a
murder, with recommendation t<
m~ery, 'at Cherokee in July, 19fl7
nd sentenced to life imprisonmen
in the State Penitentiary, was parol
oni during good behavilor, and upot
The further conaition that if he do
dles. to live with the .voman abou
whom this killing seems to nave tak
en place. that he must do so beyonC
The borders of the state of Souti
Carolina: for his livintg with her ix
this state will be nausidered a viola
tion of this parole.
Robert Daniel. convicted of assaull
with intent to ravish at Fairfield ir
'February, 1 909. and sentenced to tet
years' lmprisonment in the State Pen
tentiary, was naroled upon the con
dition that If he Is nereafter convict
d of nny criminal offense in the Ses
sins Courts of this State that he bt
re-committed to tre State Peniten
tary t.. serve the remaincer of this
William Brown. conv~cted of mur
der. with recommendatiorn to mercy
at Gree.ville In March. 1 8t8 and sen
tenced to lifc imprisonment In the
State Penitentiary. was paroled dur
ing good hahavinr.
Kills His Pretty Sweetheart.
At New York. Margaret Schroeder
a pretty nineteen-year-old girl. wac
shot and killed Tuesday afternoon it
West 46th street by her sweetheart
Michael Grayson, 21 years. who at.
temted suicide by firing a bullet in
to his head. He was removed to a
PARCEL POST STAMPS
SAID TO BE THE FINEST EVER
They Are Being Sent Out to the Six
ty Thousand Postoffices in the
The Washington Star says the par
:els post stamps now being distribut
-d among the sixty-thousand post
.ffices of the United States is the
inest series of postage stamps, en
craving and printing, ever issued by
:ny government of the world. That
s the expressed opinion, also, not
-nly of Director Ralph of the bureau
if engraving and printing, but or
very engraver, printer and division
-hief who has had anything to ar'
vith the issue of parcels post postage
.tamps now being distributed for use
n and after January 1, 1913, when
lie law authorizing their use for for
yarding packages in bulk is effective.
'ne hundred millions of stamps prob
tbly will have been distributed a'
There are twelve different designs
'stamps of as many different values
-one, two, three, four, five, ten, fif
een, twenty, twenty-five, fifty, sev
nty-five cents and one dollar-all
irinted in red ink. There are post
ge due stamps printed in one, two.
1ve, ten and twenty-five cent values.
i green ink.
The stamps at the line of perfora
ion are one inch by one and one-half
rches in dimensions. All but the
,ostage due stamps are ornamented
"ith exquisitely delicate engravings
epresentative of the varied activi
tes of the postal service or of the in
'ustries whose productions will be
'enefited by the privileges of the par
The post office clerk is the subject
.f the tiny engraving that ornaments
-he one-cent stamp. The clerk is
shown distributing mail in the many
bags of a mail rack illustrat.inr tb
vstem in vogue in all big post offices.
)n the two-cent stamp Is shown the
-ity letter carrier at work. He is at
he front door of a city residence.
vaiting for response to his ring to de
iver the mail.
The railway mail clerk is the sub
ect of the three-cent stamp. On the
nour-cent stamp is shown the rural
-arrier and his wagon and horse.
The mail train is pictured on the
tve-cent stamp. A fine piece of en
graving is the steamship and mail
ender, the subject of the ten-cent
The automobile service illustrates
; he fifteen-cent stamp, showing the
uick way of collecting mail in the
P -ties. An aeroplane carrying mail.
lepicted on the twenty-cent- stamp, is
- a forecast of what Is certain to be a
treat factor in future mail service.
The other stamps are devoted to
'lustrating big industries, Manufac
nring the titles of the twenty-five
-nt stamp shows a steel plant. Dai
ving Is the occupation exhibited on
-e fifty-cent stamp. Harvesting is
I. i agricultural scene on the seven
,-yve-cent stamp. Fruit growing,
he ornament for the dollar stamp, is
'nother of the engravings notewor-I
by for the perfection of the minia
~ ach of these engravings is crowd
.d into the tiny space provided on
'o small a piece of paper as a post
- ge stamp, leaving space for margin
and engraved border. The first de
dkn was approved In October. Sincej
hen all the stamp plates have been
ngraved and many deliveries made
o the Post Offce denartment for cir
"ilation amonie the post offces.
The prenaration of an issve of
camps for the Post Omeie denartment
a an interesting procedure. The
oo-st O~ee department. in compli
ner~e with law, declares its needs.
rhe designers tare nut to workt by the
sureau of eneraving and nrinting,
and prenare drawings of subjects sun
-esed to be nertinent to the occasion
-f the issue. These drawines are
-hemnselves miniature, contained in a
'nace of four by six Inches, approxi
~These are photoranhled down to
c 4amn size. and submitted as desig-ns
o the Postmaster-General. His ap
roval is given, when the work of
- ngraving is taken un. The printing
'ollows: the delivery of tha stamns
o the postr.1 authorities is th.e next
tep, when that department of the
overnment does the rest.
These stamps. which are to be us
d exclusively for sending mere'ian
itse through the manl under the
:erms of the new parcels post law.
ave not as yet been received at thel
)rangeburg Postoffce, but they may
-ome In at any time.
PARCELS POST SYSTEM.
Will be Put in Operation on the First
On the first of the new year the
nrels post law becomes effective.:
The instructions from the postoffce
department in reference to this new
-"That hereafter fourth-class mal
matter shall embrace all other mat
ter, including farm and factory pro
ducts, not now embraced by law in
either the first. second, or third class,
not exceedin. eleven pounds in
~eight nor greater in size than seven
t-two inches in length and airth
combined, nor in form or kind likely
to injure the person of any postal
employee or damage the mail equip
ment or other mail matter and not
of a character perishable within a
period reasonably required for trans
portation and delivery.
"It will be observed that the rates
-of nostage are largely redi'ced and
ht the ilmit of weleht is Increased
from four to eleven pounds. Parcels
will be deIvered at all free-delivery
o'ees and to natrons residling on ru
ral ard star routes: they may be reg
teredl and may be accordod specaii
delve-y service on n-aymr'nt of theC
I usua fees, and they may be insura'
neinst loss in an amount equivalest
to their actual value, but not to ey
eed $5.~ unon navnment of a fee of
five cents. Distinctive stnmns may be
used on all parceis, but they nmnv he
maIled In ouantities of not less than
2.00 identical pieces without stinins
affixed, the postage being- paid inl
"By .Tanuary first all postmasters
will have had issued to them die
tinctive parcel post stamns. Distine
tive parcel post stamns are to be us
ed on all fourth-cinss matter begin
ninr .Tanuary 1. 1913. and that such
atters bearing ordinary nostare
stamos will he tre'ated as "held for
ontr." That parcels will1 he mni1
"hie only nt no'stomees. lettered and
10c.1 namn'rt stations, and such num
bered the postmaster. That all par
els most hear the return card of
the sender. otherwise they will not
be accepted for mailing."
Tried to Take Life.
T)espondent because of an indict
ment against him charring forgery.
T. H Ennis of Honkinsville. Ky.. ar
reted at Pearia. Ill.. at the rennest
of West Virginia authorities Friday.
attemted to commit suicide by enut
tine his throat. Physicians say he
a. . .lig+ dia=e. for raaovar!.
TELLS STORY OF WRECK
URVI VORS TELL OF THEIR AW
Lhe Steamer South Shore Wrecked
in Great Storm on Lake Superior
Survivors who reached Sault Ste
Iarie, Mich., Tuesday, told thrilling
tories of their last moments on the
;teamer South Shore, and of their
escue by life-savers just before. the
goat plunged to the bottom of Lake
updrior, near Grand Marais Sunday.
'I have sailed the lakes for years
tnd have never before encountered
uch an experience as this." said Ar
hur King, fireman on the steamer.
"It was not long after the boat
struck the heavy seas that her seams
pened and the water poured through
them. Two men and their wives
-vere aboard as passengers. The wo
-nen were remarkably cool, but they
lid not know their real danger. We,
town below, knew we were right in
he graveyard of the lakes.
"The windows were soon smashed
and the stern torn away. As the boat
began to fill the fires got low. I was
standing in water up to my waist and
deck hands passed coal. As soon as
they would get a pile of it together
ater would wash it away and finally
we threw into the fire boxes, a num
ber of pads of hard coal we were
carrying as freight.
"All night we tossed around the
lake in that condition. Just before
ncon (Sunday) the life-savers on
shore, six miles away, raw our wh'te
flag and came to the rescue. We all
Jumped into the life-savers' boat and
made for the shore. The wheelsman
lashed her wheel and headed her
straight for shore. She started in as
prettily as anything you ever saw
and then suddently dropped out of
BURNED SELF TO DEATH.
Daughter of Former Turkish Sultan
According to the story of a war
correspondent at Constantinople. Ze
kie, the oldest daughter of Abdul
Hamid, the former Turkish sultan,
was overcome with despair on ac
'ount of her country's disasters and
,:amatically committed suicide in the
garden of her magnificent palace at
Her husband was Noureddin Pasha.
a general of a division of the army
and a son of the famous Osman Pasha
Ghazi, "the victorious". He was
fighting under Nazim Pasha, the
Turkish minister of war, who al
though he declared to the sultan that
he would die on the battlefield rath
er than return in defeat, has been ov
erwhelned with defeat and is now
advising the Turkish ministers to
abandon the war.
As the news of the successive
Turkish defeats came in Princess Ze
kie became morose and refused to
converse with her friends. After the
defeat of the Turks at Lule Burgas
became known in the Ottoman cap
ital, the princess determined to com.
mit suicide. She built a funeral pyre
with her own hands and decorated it
with flowers and pricezess tapestries.
The servants were very anxious ov
er their mistress' behavior, but they
did not dare interfere. The princess
spent a long time In her apartinents
in silent prayer. Finally she came
out, her hair flowing and attired in a
long garment, ascended the pyre and
then applied fire to it. Sae was burn
ed to death while the servants stood
around lamenting but with char
acteristic Turkish fatalism did not
attempt to prevent the a ..ened
woman from taking her own life.
DIPORTANT POSTAGE RULING.
Ordinary Stamps Will Not be Good
Postmaster A. D. Webstir gives
notice that on and after January L.
913. ordinary postage stamps will
not be valid for the transmission of
pakages of merchandise through the
mails. A distinctive parcel post
stamp must be used on all fourth
class matter, and any package of
merchandise or fourth class matter
bearing ordinary stamps will be
treated as ''held for postage", and
returned to the sender.
In addition to tbe above, every
package of merchandise bearing par
cel post stamps must also bear the
namfe anid address of the sender, or
otherwise they will not be accepted
These are the requirements of the
new parcel post law, and the public
is asked to bear this in mind. We
are requested to give the widest pvb
licity to the new requirements so as
to avoid Inconvenience to the public.
Bear In mind that all fourth class
matter must bear the distinctive par
cel post stamps, and must also show
the name and address of the sender.
Nuns Save the Lives of One Hunedred
Huddled in their night clothes in
to a shrinking, terror-stricken line
one hundred girls, students at St
Joseph's convent. near Washington
Ga., were drilled by two courageous
nuns to the street and safety, when
fire completely destroyed the con
vent shortly before dawn Wednesday.
The blaze was discovered by one
of the students. Awa~ened from
sleep by smoke which filled the en
tire building, she hurriedly alarmed
the inmates, going from room to
room, unmindful of her own safety.
'ring only to rescue her sister stu
de-nts from their impending peril.
Among the first awakened were
two nuns, who immediately set about
to the task of maintaining order. The
hudred girls were quickly drilled in
to line, and while fervent prayers
were offered the long ilne of students
clad only in their night clothes,
marched to the street and out of dan
World's Debt to Writers.
It was a French news writer that
wrote: "Suffer yourselves to be
anged If need be. but publish your
opinions;" but in this country writers
n early times faced Imprisonment
and the pillory again and again in or
der to make their views public, and
whatever these may have been, it
must be conceded that they deserve
credit for courage, at least, in hav
Ing lai~d the foundation of that free
dom which the press of this country
Wolves in Sheeps Clothing.
Pickpockets, posing as delegates to
:e North Georgia conference of the
ethodist Episcopal church. South.
t Carrolton, Ga., have been robbing
ninisters attending the conference.
)r. Julius McGath of Oxford. a mis
lonary to the Hebrews was relieved
f a wallet containing $20. and sev
ra othe thefts 1-~ been reported*
The orly Baki
from Ral rapi
MADE LARGE HAUL
RICH PEOPLED SWINDLED OUT OF
THEY WERE EASY MARKS
A So-Called Book Syndicate Said to
Have Scooped Many Rich People
Out of Five Million Dollars of
Easy Money in a Very Queer Book
The secret method of the syndicate
of alleged book swindlers, twelve, of
whom have been indicted by the fed
eral grand fury, were disclosed Fri
day in New York. The story reads
more like fiction than the real, lard
According to the evidence une.
thed by government agents, the book
sharps used not only persuasion but
the threat of blackmail to fleece their
victims. Women are said to have
been employed to involve book pur
chasers in scandal, so that when a
dupe fonnd his "rare" volumes of lit
tle value, and demanded his money
ack, he was told the scandal would
e made public unless he kept Quiet.
One prominent banter, it was said,
illed himself when he found that
oth his money and his reputation
were gone. The name of this man,
lthough at present withheld by the
ostal authorities, is likely to be re
ealed later at the trial of the al
James J. Farmer, reputed head of
tne band of alleged swindlers, and
whose indictment leads that of his
eleven associate book dealers, surren
ered himself before Commissiener
Shield. Already under $3,500. Far
er was requested to furnish an ad
itional bonk of $1,000. George M.
isher, said to be a canvasser for
armer, among the most exclusive
ew York society circles, also ap
nared and was released on $5,000
al. William Cooper. another can
asser, gave $2,500 bail. In Boston,
orman Nathan, another member of
the band, was reported to have been
Three of Farmer's associates were
rrested and released on bail Tues
ay. The remaining fiye members of
the syndicate. it is reported, will eith
r surrender or be placed under ar
Because many of the victims have
efused to come forward and make
nown their losses, the profits of the
-armer syndicate may even exceed
the $5,000,000, which was at first
elieved to have been their harvest.
n the case of the banker who killed
imself, for example, the full extent
f his loss is not known.
Seizure of the papers of the Anglo
American Authors' association, and
the Kellar, Farmer company, which
ccupy joint offices at No. 225 Fifth
venue, and are said to be dominat
d by Farmer, produced a mass of
orrespondence which reveal a multi
tude of schemes to sell books at from
ten to fifteen times their value.
The commonest method was to rep
resent to a prospective purchaser that
n American millionaire traveling
b-ad was willipg to buy a certain
ollection at a tremendous figure if
the collection could only be gathered
tether. It, therefore, a certain
rm was advanced to secure an op
tion on the collection, the books
would be resold immediately at a
A Mr. Livingston of Saratoga, is
said to have lost $153,000 on a re
sale scheme of this sort. The deal
was said to have been handled by
Samuel Warfield, who had been con
icted of defrauding the wife of Jas.
. Patten the cottou plunger but
who was out pending appeal. Liv
rton finally balked when he was
asked. in addition to his $153,000, to
uy $40,000 of the notes of another
oustomer. When called to New York
last week to testify before the grand
jury, Mr. Livingston's health appear
ed to be so shattered by his exper
ience that he was excused.
Evidence was also i'tained that a
Mrs. Stackpole of St. Mary's Pa., paid
$14.000 to Glen Farmer, one of the
w~elve indicted, to secure a collec
tion to be resold to a Boston million
ire traveling in Europe. After she
bhreatened to sue unless she saw the
millionaire. Farmer came to her on
rntches. and said he had been in an
automobile wreck, in which the mil
lionaire was killed.
One womte.n of eighty years, who
is connected with a 1,rt-e charitabie
sttution, was swmndied out of
$130000, and is so near death as the
result of her misfortune, that her
name is withiheld. Accordina to fed
eral agents the book sharpers got ev
ery cent s'.e had. She began buyin~g
i 1i06, onpe of her first purchases
being twenty-two voiumos of Roose
velt's work, at $1 .000 a volume. The
ons were nlaced in storage and
when the millionaire didn't buy them.
as nromised. they were removed to
At nr.eet see anos not possess
even a book to show where her 51 20.
000 has gone. The Roosevelt edi
tin- whirl, .aem tn have haan in-~
THOUSANDS ARE KILLED
TYPHOON SWEEPS THREE PHIL
The Storm is the Worst That Has
Visited the Islands Since We Have
A Washington dispatch says the
government officials are eagerly
awaiting further details of. the great
typhoon wnich has swept over the --
southern islands of the Phillipine
group, and which is reported to have
killed many thousands of natives.
Acting Governor General Gilbert
cabled to the Insular Bureau of the
War Department the meagre details
he had received from the.'desolated
islands, saying that it was reported
in Manila that from 15,000 to 17,
000 persons nad been killed-by the
storm which swept eastward - across
the Island of Leyte to that of Payan,
completely devastating the. cities of
Tacloban and Oapiz.
It is feared that a number of
Americans and other foreigners, who
either are employed in or have homes
near these places, have met their
death. It is known that the devasta
tion on both islands and on the wes
tern coast of Mindanao was tremen
The typhoon - is considered the
worst which has visited the Philli
pines since the American occupation
-f the islands, and Acting Governor
General Gilbert at once dispatched a*
shipload of food and materials for
repair to Tacloban, holding sevoral
transports ready for movement if
needed in this section.
Tacloban, the capital of Leyt2, is
on the northeast-'coast of that island,
and has a population of about 14,000.
It is the centre of a consider<-.bie
lh.mp district. Capiz, :.he capital of
the province of that name, is the ter
minal of the railroad crossing the is
land from Iloilo and is an important
sugar port. It has a population of
Following the receipt of the ..'is
patch announcing the heavy casual
ties in the Viscayans, the Red Cross
prepared to rush a relief fund to the
Governor-General. The Washington
oce has cabled the insular Govern
mnt asking how great is their need.
The War Department will not or
der special supplies sent to the Phil
lipines until further information is
received as to the extent of the dam
age. At Manila there are plenty of
military supplies, which, it is assum
ed, have been utilized to care for the
Iloilo, where the damage is said to
be even greater, is one of the most
fortile of the Phillipine Islands. with
v'ast sugar and hemp plantations.
They are mainly owned by natives.
although many former American sol
diers are interested in. them. Capiz
it 250 miles Irom Manila and Taclo
an 370 miles. ~ ^.
SENATOR TILLMAN ARRIVES.
Was in His Office at Washington
Ready for Work.
The Washington corresnondent of
The News and Coigr says Senator
and Girs. Tillnman have arrived in
Washington and tne Senator was in
his office at the Capitol most of the
*day getting things in shape to begin
another session's work. lHe anpear
ed to be in excellent spirits and look.
ed decidedly better physically, having
gained ten or fifteen pounds since he
left there for South Carolina last
The Senator refused to say any
thing positive as to what his choice.
would be amona the big committees
of the Senate to which his seniority
entitles him, declaring that he would
consider the matter further before
making up his mind. In view of his
improved health, however, it is be
lieved that he will eventually pick the
chairm'anship of the appropriations
committee, which is gm-erally re
garded as the most important of them
The chairmanship was held by the
late Senator Allison. of lows, for
years when his health and capacity
for work were by no means equal to
the South Carolinian's.*
The Greenville Piedmont says:
"The recommendations of the Green
ville county grand jury regardirng the
placing safeguards around, the pri
maries should be noticed by tne next
county convention and steps taken
by this county to have the miatter
brought up in the State convention."
The Piedmont is right. The primary
law will have to be safegujarded or it
will became a dead letter.
luded in nearly all the collections of
Former's syndicate, were said to have
been bought originally from some
reputable deale" and then reThoured
in luxurious covers and frontisniece.
A Mrs. Laidlaw is said to hat-e lost
$..000. To save her from the pub
licity of a law suit, her sons, who are
wealthy Wall street brokers. are said
to have stood for the loss. A bankcer
who signed up for S200.000 of books
is said to have made such a show of
fht that the book dealers agreed to
hold him for only $40.000, and there