Newspaper Page Text
VOL. xxvII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUA IY 8. 1913 NO.27
IITE3 IT al EnltI
LE IE UM
1y4 te T'phie and rasas 1
WaD From~ m te, While to 0th
c es the ihocks W el Bare
yalt. Dong No Damage
An earthquake shock. in some t
tances severe enough to shake do.
- himneys and break vases. oceurri
ta many parts of South Carolina b
tween 1 and 3 o'clock WednesdaT a
tornoon. The shook was quite gei
oraL being felt throughout most
the Statq. The earthquake was e
j5Cly severe In the Piedmoat so
ca. although It was :elt In oth
farts of the flate in a lever dove
At Gatney ehlma0e were esa
Is topjl3 and at Ualo chimneys tel
-At Gr eeTille the shouk proed s
are nough to ease vases to eras
from mantels. The shook at Ohe
ter wedsumetaat to move the lin
* g~e =ahan In the oBee et TI
S'h earthquake visited adgeel
ad eaused old residents to think e
shook of 186. No serious da.
it reported from the quake. I
? o all the omanitlea visits
she gitiass were greatly alarms
d.ziag the few secosas rocking an
ellingg of the earth went on.
oewere at Chestes,
., Jen. 1.-Quite a' how hen
pa me alarmed here this atternoo
-a w -to sharp and very distim
-ar~qake shooks were pereeptabl
eat. A amber of restdenees wee
sakens and -rtieles moved about. I
The Lantern's mechanleal dpesr
mea the heavy linotype mahntae v
. Ihtl7 moved. The shock was Ubi
wise felt at Lowryvtle, nina mile
. from here. The trat shoot canse a
1:15 and the second at 2 o'clool
testing more than'a few ards. N
damaese was reported.
Teti at Udgeistd.
34gele1d. Jan. 1.-About :.3
o'clock tis afternoo an asrthquab
was felt here very perceptibly. Tb
shook was preceded by a rear c
.: ltng but it was ImpeUibl0 lte
1 re what directon the sound am
The vibration, or shock was of ae
deat duration to be saggestive of th
earthquake of 18$.
shor But Seevere.
RSot Hill. Jan. 1.-Rook Hi
garted of the New Year with a get
eas earthquake, a severe shook oa
earring here this afternoen abou
1:32 o'clock. lasting about 2" see
ends. The vibrations were -very di
tinet. In the directiou of east t
west. n many homes the effect we
very noticeeble Ia the awiytag of tb
elctie light fttires.
Seee at Gnef..
Gatney, Jan. 1-Gefiney was vi
teed thIs afternoon at 1:28 e'eloe
by a severe earthquake. Bauding
sheok and in sera parts of the .11
parts of chtmneyT tell." The she
asted for but t'es seconds. R'
ports from ?ic-.s and other es
ios of the loaat 7 Indicate that tI
-shock was a'& s-ry severe, but a
serious dar.sce a reported in as
part efthde -.ounty.
-SaetsS Felt Aiasmed.
Spertcnbnrg. Jan. 1.-A ss
earthquake shoek was felt here
1:51 this afternoon. Many buildiai
a the town tremrbled from founds
tin to roof. mausing hundreds
preses to rush Into the streets. TI
trme lasted several seond, 61
aodamage was reported.
Unton. Jan. 1.--A severe eartV
quake ehock was expertenced heo ti
day. Bouses were badly shaken.
some 1==tncs chimneys were shaJ
en down and people- rushed out
deese ta alarm. The vibratles lee
d for several econds, and were tI
hardent felt her. eine 1134.
algh t Greeavif S
Greeuvie, Jan. 1.-A eith
earthquake was felt hare- todayV I
1: 29 p. a. In several residese
vases were thrown from mantel
N. damage of eensequense is reper
Ingh Abee I. Andesa.
Anderson, Jan. 1--A slight eart
quake was felt In every setion
Anderson conty this afterne
about 1:39 o'clock. No damage w
Charlotte, N. C.. Jan. 1.-A di
tinet earthquake sheet was felt he
at 1:8) this afternoon. Tbe sibi
tions were from east to west ci
.lasted about three seconds. No dal
ago has been reported.
Distinet to Greenisheee.
Greensboro, Jan. 1.-A distin
eartoske shook was telt hero
1:20 this afternoon. No damage
fatalities wore reported.
Corpse (lauses auto Wreek,
In an effort to avoid driving I
automobile over what he believed
be the body of a man. Charles
Cook, a merchant, steered his m
chine into the railing of a brid
over Dry Creek. seven miles south
Denver, Col., Thursday night and ti
car was hurled into the stream. ki
ig Mrs. Juanita Barrows and fatal
Injuring Mrs. Charles 3. Brown. c
eupants of the car.
Meety s'a -lwful Death.
Alighting Nom" a moving train
recover a C 'ma rift he h:
bonght his ag'd mother, Sudin E
ns, a young p!anter of Faslin. V
fel beneath the whes and was d
canitated. The ree~fdet occurred
view of a thron~g of Christmas shc
poe who were awating their tre
= an= ~r!women hinted,
LAY ASIDE ALL POMP
GOVURNOD SULE R POOTS IT TO
apire sate Executive Walks to
O Capital and Cuts Out Parade and
Precedents of years' standing were
6 tgrured and others created Wednes
day during the inauguration of Wit
o liam Sulser as Democratic governor
of New York at Albany.
All the pomp and display usually
y incident to such occasions were lack
ing;-this at the governor's own re
quest. There was no military demon
stration; no governor's salute of 17
guns; no parade; nothing to feature
a the induction into office of the State's
chief executive, except a noteworthy
f gathering of prominent people and
the carrying out of the program pro
vided by the constitution.
The new governor insisted upon
walking from the executive manson
to the eapitol. refusing to ride in a
carriage which had been provided.
After the ceremonies he inaugurat
d .d a new feature by appearing on the
front steps of the capitol and ad
dressina the thousands who were un
able to witness the ceremonies In
Gov. Susse took the constitutional
oath of omce in the lavishly decora
d d assembly chamber.
In his Inaugural address the new
executive pledged "an honest and er
Rcieat and economic and business
a like administration, and was greet
d ed with prolonged applause when he
"The people know that an ounce
of performance is worth a ton of
promise, and they will judge my ao
'- ministratan not by what I say now,
i but what F-'4.-ereafter."
4t In the asiey chamber of the
y capitol, whieh was thronged with
e State and court officals and promi
a neat citizens, Mr. Sulzer took the
formal oath of office.
a The formal ceremonies In the as
sembly chamber differed but little
a from these of ether years, but there
t was a vast difference between the
, ceremonies immediately preceding
D Gov. Balser's induction into office and
Inauguration of other days.
This year ?at the new executive's
request there was no military dis
play, which formerly has been a fee
taro of inaugural day.
There was instead only a small
procession from -the executive man
s"e to the capitol, made up of the
incoming and retiring governors and
their stalls. The eustomary govern
e or's salute of 19 guns was omitted
d AYLATA'S CRIME RRORD.
t Patcy-ve Kllings and Only One Maz'
doe Is Hanged.
Fifty-ftve deaths from violence, an
average of more than one each week,
occurred in Atlanta during the year
0 eding Jan. 1 according to ngures
complied by the local -polie. While
sereral eases resulting from these
Ihomicides still are pending in court.
k only one person has .been convicted
P of murdar iS the Irst degree and
7 hanged. This was Robert L. Clay.
k wife marderer, who enaintained a
I sphynx-like silence until the day of
-his execution, Friday, December 13.
0 Night persons connected with the 55
0 homicides have been sentenced to
y from eight year. to life Imprison
Sixtoe of the murder mysteries
eare unsolved. Of this number five or
athe murders are attributed by the
;police to "Jack the Ripper," whose
victims all bate been negro women
,f found with their throats cut.
eo Sixteen trials are pending. In the
i remaining cases the persons charger
with the crime either were exonerat
ed er have committed suicide.
h. Thirty-two of the death were
y. caused by gunshot wounds and seven
a of this number were killed by police
a men. Seventeen persons were stab
s bed to death or had their throats cut.
t- The remaining six wore either kick
04 edr beaten to death.
Pigures complied by the police also
Aew that 17 of the slain were no
a groes. During the year 1911 Judge
t Broyles of the city court bound over
sa f76 pwseen for carrying pistols.
MAYO3 A MURDERBR.
PreFsshmssa Stabs Two Aged Women.
ii Bobbery the Motive.
is A sensation was caused by the ar
rest of Eugene Pirron. mayor of the
suburban city of Gentilly. to the
S- south of Paris, on a charge of at
e tempting to murder two aged women.
I- The crime occurred on Saturday.
4 when the assailant gained access to
- the parlor of the villa where Miadame
Chabreux and Madame Solet lived.
e. used a subterfuge to gain admis
t slon and immediately rushed at the
at women and stabbed both of them in
r the back 'with a carving knife. He
then ran from the nouse and escap
ed. The mayor was taken to a hos
pital to confront the victimes. As soon
as the women saw him both shrieked.
"He is the man."
a- MEXICAN AFPMTRS BAD.
of Situation Is Too Much for the Pres
en Feea Forces.
Er Disorder and turmoil in Durango.
o Mexico, continue without abatement,
and a stateme~nt issued by the state
departmient Tuesday said the situa
tien "is beyond the control of the
toj e"ral s'uthorities with the troops
td flow at their dIsposal."
a- The rebels are said to hAnome hoF .
i. er as the approech DuranT'o Cit".
e- Refugees .zom outlying districts re
in inte pitiful storIes of suff'ering. Rail
p- road comrmunication with Durant es
in out. Telegraph coarmmunloation is ima
A LEAF FROM PAST
SOME MORE STANDARD OIL LET.
TERS GIVEN OUT
Correspondence of McILurin With
a Chief of the Great Octopus
Shows that It Had No Use for Sen
ator Tillman and Was Anxious to
In the December number of the
Hearst magazine a letter from Sena
tor J. L. McLaurin to John D. Arch
bold, the active business manager
of the Standard Oil Company, was
published. This letter is followed by
the public action in the January num
ber of several letters that passed be
tween McLaurin. Archbold and others
Some of these letters speak of the
campaign in this State made by Sen
ator McLaurin in his eff6rt to estab
lish the commercial Democracy,
which brought on a rupture between
SenatorTillman and aimself and
which resulted finally In the retire
ment of McLaurin. From these let
ters it will be seen that Senator Mc
Laurin in his fight against Senator
Tillman was backed by the Standard
Oil Company, which was anxious to.
have Senator Tillman defeated.
In introducing the letters Hearst
says "in the last chapter we beheld
Senator McLauhin, a Democrat, writ
ing Mr. Archbold and conveying cer
tain information regarding Mr.
Roosevelt's expressions of hostility
toward the Standard Oil Company.
This information was not sent be
cause of McLaurin's Democratic hos
tility to Mr. Roosevelt, a Republican.
The reader will see from a letter
published later in this article thv
McLaurin personally liked Roosevelt.
Senator -McLaurln's warning to Mr.
Archbold was therefore merely an
act of non-partisan tevotion to the
Standard Oil Company to enable Mr.
Archbold intelligently to consider the
best interests of the Standard Oil
Company in th.s impending election.
Senator McLaurin was out of office
at the time, but he remembered past
favors" and had al ively sense of
favors to come.
"What all the favors were that Sen
ator McLaurin had .aceived from the
Standard Oil Company we cannot tell.
but what some of them are we can
tell by McLaurin's own correspon
dence. In the first letter to be pro
duced in this series Mr. Archbold
merely acknowledges the courteous
call of Senator Mcaurin. Apparent
ly no mutually advantageous associa
tions had as yet developed between
these two gentlemen. Senator Mc
Laurin had perhaps heard from fel
low senators of Mr. Archbold's be
nevolent disposition and naturally
wanted to establish agreeable rela
tions with so noted a political phil
antropist. Senator McLaurin had
announced his cowring by the follow
ing letter, but 9' ;h a misunder -
standing had mi 'dsr. Archbold.
My dear sir:
I am very sorry indeed to have
missed your call on Saturday. On
receipt of your favor of the 8th,
which indicated that you might come
on Monday, I immediately wrote you.
telling you that I would not be here
on Monday, as it was a holiday. z
do not usually come to business on
Saturday, and as no suggestion was
made of your calling then, I did not
advise yon. I am very sorry.
I will, of course, be glad to see you
any day except Saturday. I am con
templating a little absence of ten
days or two weeks, to leave here pos
sibly about a week from now.
Very truly yours.
Jno. D. Archbold.
Hon. 3. L. McLaurin,
Washington. D. C.
Commenting on the above letter
Hearst says "there is no mention in
the letter of any requirements on the
part of Senator McLaurin, but Mr.
Archbold seems to realize that Sena
tor McLaurin did not call upon him
merely for the purpose of inquiring
about his health So although no re
his health. So that although no re
utrements are mentioned the letter
of Mr. Archbold is so friendly that
f Senator Mctaurin has any re
quirementi, he will be deprived of
ny hesitation about expressing them
at an early date. And surely enough
in the next letter of the series we find
that Senator dicLaurin has had re
quirements all along, and is moving
to bring them to Mr. Archbold's at
tentIon through a common friend. Mr
rasty. Mr. Grasty knows benevo
lent Uncle Archbold's establishment
whre einbarrassed politicians can
pawn their independence and receive
such accomodationsu as are rerquired.
He knows how eager Uncle Archbold
Iis to do business with any good polit
ical risk and he was willing therefore
to present Senator McLaurtn's ease
to Uncle Archbold, which he did on
February 10. On Febuary 19 after
the call of Senator McLaurinl Mr.
Archbold answered Mr. Grasty as foi
February 19. 1900.
Mr. Thos. P. Grasty,
I have your favor dated at Wash
ington on the 1 6th, and the enclos
r accompanying. which I beg to re
turn you herewith. I will be glad
to see Senator McTaurin here any
day, and hare no doubt we can ar
range the matter to his patisfaction.
Very truly yours.
I ~ Jno. D. Arc'hhold.
"Mr. Archhol1 "will be glad to see
Senator Mc~aurin here any day." and
Mr. Archbold continues "no doubt
we en arrane the matter to his
Isatisacton." Thtun we see that nof
withtandng Senator 'McLaurin's
social call and Mr. Archbold's elab
nrately nnitte letter in return, there
.... .~imeting to be arraned to
Senator McLaurip'.j "satisfaction."
Encouraged by ir. Archbold's will
ingness to "arrange the matter,"
Senator McLaurin promptly tele
graphed Mr. Archbold. The letter
to Mr. Grasty which was written on
February 19th, was undoubtly receiv
ea by Mr. Grasty a day or two later
and .then forwarded to Senator Mc
Laurin, who too eager to wait for the
mails promptly telegraphed Mr. Arch
bold at No. 26 Broadway. Mr. Arn-'
bold telegraph's the Senator In return
and welcomes the Senator with tne
encouraging phrase, "glad to see you
any day next week except Saturday."
Feb. 23, 1900.
Hon. Jno. L. McLaurin,
Senate Chamber, Washington, D. ('.
Yesterday being close holiday, 4id
not receive your messag-e untily to
day. Have delayed answerms, hop
ing to see you. Glad to see you any
day next week except Saturday.
J. D. Archbold.
"Mr. Archbold Is as e;aburately
polite as ever and expiain h;s trif
ling delay ir. answering Senator Mc
laurin's telegram. It is plain that Mr.
Archbold Is quite as anxious to ar
range the matter" to Senator Mc
Laurin's "satisfaction" as Senator
McLaurin is to have the matter a'
ranged. The matter that Mr. Arch:
bold was to arrange for Senator .\1c
Laurin at this time was for the Stan
dard Oil Company to contribute with
its usual generosity toward Senator
MlcLaurin's campaign for re-election.
We do not hear from 'McLaurin again
until the seventh of May, -when he
writes Mr. Archbold telling him of
the progress of events in South Car
cina. 'Mr. Archbold answers with
,May 9th, 1901.
My dear Senator:
I have your kind favor of the 7th
with the Interesting enclosures, for
all of which I beg you to accept
thanks. We are intensely interested
in the courageous and praiseworthy
stand you have taken, and believe
that the general intelligence of the
Scuth, will support you in it. Indeed.
I think it marks the beginning of
a new era for the South.
For anything I know now I will be
here until about the middle of June,
and will, of course, be delighted to
see you If you call. I expect to go
away about the middl. of June for
a vacation of a week or so.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) Jno. D. Archbold.
Hon. Jno. L. McLauria,
Bennettsville, S. C.
Mr. Archbold applauds Senat'r Mc
Laurin for the attitude which ex-Gov
ernor Evans had demanded wh' n
accused McLaurln of ha 'iug the mon
ey of Mack Harvin jingu.is in I's
pockets, and says "we are inteasely
interested in the cour.ageous and'
praiseworthy stand you have taken'
Dlr. Archbold as usual attempts to
monopolize for his adherents and pur
poses the morality and mentality of
the country, and assures Senator Mc
Laurin smugly that "the general in
telligence of the South will support
him in it." Mr. Archbold says
nothing about further campaign con
tributions, but leaves an opportunity
for Senator McLaurin to express his
needs by saying, "I will be here un
til the middle of June and will be
delighted to see you If you call."
Senator McLaurin did not call, but
he wrote the following letter.
United States Senate
Bennetuville, 3. C.
May 29, 1902.
Jear Mr. Archbold:
I have pushed the fight so vigor
ously that they called on Tillman. I
met him at Gaffney and beat him at
his on-n p-ame. I called hI. bluff, and
now the iight is for two seats in the
Senate :nstead of one. -I can beat
Tiliman if properly and generously
suported. There Is no time to loose
hweier. I enclose an account of
both meetings for your information.
With kindest regards.
I am sincerely yours,
Jno. L. Mcbauria.
"denator McLaurin has pushed his
fght vigorously and is reporting pro
gress to the Standard Oil Company.
'illman has been called upon to rep
resent the people, as usual. McLau
rn reports that he has met Tillman
at Gaf'fney and "called his bluff".
"And," continues Mecaaurin, "now
he fight is for two seats.in the Sen
tte instead of one." There is an op
nortunity for the Standard Oil Com
pany to get Tillman out of the Senate
with his old-fashioned ideas about
the rights of the people and his an
archistic hostility to the control of
government by criminal corpora
tions. The Standard Oil Company
will, of course. be interested In de
feating Tillman and in gaining "two
seats in the Senate Instead of one."
and Senator McLaurin proceeds to
explain how it can be done.
"There are conditions which moust
he met. There are necessities which
must be recoynized. 'I can beat Tilt
ian.' says Senator Mcbaurin, 'if
,~roperly and generously supported.'
\fc!aurin will pot up the fight If the
standard Oil Company will put up
-he money. But the Standard Oil
oo-nnv must act generously and'
promptly too, for, continues MoLau
in. 'there is no time to lose.'
"As we have seen in many In
-inae's. the Standard Oil Company
supported its friends with notable
reerosity at elections, and Senator
-\cauria doubtless had nothing to~
complain of on that score. T'llman,
however, had too strong a hol-! upon
the people of tbe State of Sou'h Car
olina to be overcome by Senator Mc
Larin, even with all the force of the
tanard Oil backing, and this phase
of the situation Is sunmed un in a
letter from Mr. Archoold to Mr. Bib
1r'7 reproduced below. Governor Mc
SweeneY had refmused to accent the
r-esigntions of Tilhnen and McTau
rn. The resignations had been with
drawn andI the opportunity of the
Standard Oil Comnoany to secure two
senatorial seats instead of one had
ben drferred. 'The camnaka.' Mr.
Archold writr's to Mr. Sibley, 'will
not be made at present.'
Dear Mr. Sihley: Jue,19.
I duly received your favor of the
LEAVE NAVAL AFFAIR
SENATOB TILLMAN DECLIN
He Has Decided to Accept the Cha
annship of the Important Comn
tee on Appropriations.
A Charleston dispatch say it is
ported in a special from Washingt
that Senator Tillman has decided
'ake the chairmanship of the app
j.riaticns committee in preference
tl.e naval committee or the comme
committee, because the appropr
tion work will be less onerous I
him. If he does this. there will
considerable disappointment in t1
Si ate, since it was hoped that
would assume the head of the pow
tul naval body.
The special from Washington is
"Senator- John Walter Smith,
Maryland, will be chairman ui
Senate naval affairs committee wh
the upper branch of Congress is i
organized, according to the press
"This fact developed when pai
leaders became convinced that Se
stor Tillman of South Carolina, n<
thE ranking Democrat on the cot
oittee, had decided to take the cha
manship of the committee on apps
"Since it became known deflnite
that the Democrats would organs
the next Senate, Senator Smith h
been ambitious to head the naval ,
"Senator. Tillman, however, h
told friends that he did not fe
steng enough to meet the duties
the naval committee. Having
choice between two or even thr
mportant chairmanships, the Sout
rner has decided to take that of t
appropriations committee leaving t:
caucus free to name Senator Smi
for the more exacting position.
"By this decision Tillman mak
probable, too, the election of Senat
kartin of Virginia, as chairman
the committee on commerce. Tl
South Carolina Senator is the ran
ing member of that .body also, but
taking the appropriation chairma
hip he leaves commerce open to t
4th, and herewith return you Sen
for MeL's very interesting letters.
wrote Senator McL. some days as
ipressing my great amiration f
his wise and courageous course, a:
eying to him that I would be ve
lad to confer with him at any tin
either 'in person or by letter. I
course, the, situation is now entire
changed. and the campaign will u
be made at present.. This is u
doutedly very favorable to Senat
teL., as the trend; of events Is ce
ainly tremendouslin his favor.
am especially delighted this mornii
ever Governor McSweeney's reply
illman. Tillman is so rank a del
agogue and the logic of events is
much against him, that if McLaur
will only keep coole, perhaps dol:
little judicious nagging oeasio
ally, Tillman will hang himself.
would be the greatest possible mi
ake for McL. to lose his temp'
and be drawn into anything like
prsonal encounter with Tillman.
would be so far beneath his digni
ersonally, and would so injure ti
reat step of progress which he h,
ad the courage to undertake on I
aalf of his State and the South, th
t would be almost a national mi
Very truly yours,
Jno. D. Archbold.
on. 3. C. Sibley,
The fact that Senator" Tillm:
a as upon the popular side made hi
a fit subject for Mr. Archbold's vitu
eration, and again we have an exal
le of Mr. Archbold's disposition,
vrcal of all men of his class, to
t ibute unworthy motives to all thc
that oppose him and to applaud t
~ur poses of all those that agree wi
ri. "Tillman is so rank a den3
ogue" in Mr. Archbold's opinion I
aus he insists upon representi:
the people of his State instead of I
coming a subservient tool of t
Standard Oil Company.
On the other hand Mr. Archbc
expresses his "great admiration" f
Senator McLaurin's "wise and col
ageous course," because Senator )
Laurin had called for Standard
support and put himself under o1
gations to the Standard Oil nt<
uts. It i. the habit of the repa
entative. of these greedy corpoi
tions so to attempt to discreditt
efforts and purposes of all who a
opposed to them, in the hope tl
(Continued on last page.)
INDIAN LIThS POORLY.
Report on Condition of Fire Civilh
Most of the full blood Indi
among the five civilized tribes of C
lahoma "live in the most primiti
condition, poorly clad and still mt
porly fed, and it- is the excepti
rather than the rule that their ct
dren go to school at all." says Da
l. Kelsey. United States Indian
perintendent in Oklahoma, in h!s
nual report to the secretary of I
He adds that most of them h:
no knowledge whatever of busin
transactions "and they know noth
about their land except what so
person who has secured a lease fr
them tells them."
Yon Lad Was Killed.
Stewart Lewis. 1 2-year-old son
C. Lewis. a merchant of Johbns
was accidentally shot and kil
Christmas Day by his plarmate. W
son Nicherson. 11. the bn!!1et fron
22-calibe parlor rifle entering yola
Lews' , art. The distressing at
" a.. -ed while the boys w<
SOME HARSi HORD
SENATOR BAILEY MAKES l1
ir- . - -.
it. SOON TO LEAVE SENAT
on lb His Speech the Senator Refers I
r. Hearst In Terms of Deaunclati
to .and Evokes Defense from Senst
Ia- Ashurst of Arizona, Who Prais
be I the Publisher.
:s Senator Jos. W. Bailey of Texa
he' long one of the picturesque figure
ar- and striking speakers of the Unite
States senate, delivered before crows
as ed floors and galleries his final speec
as a member of that body. Within
Oi day or two his resignation will t
he laid before the senate and commun
p cated to Gov. Colquitt of Texas, h:
e' expectation being that R. 'M. Joni
ston of Houston will be named to fl
: out his term, which would end Marc
n- Senator Bailey's speech was an al
tack upon the principles of the initia
2- tive and referendum as instances the
r- would, If adopted, bring about th
1 overthrow of the present system c
American government. He declare
lo they originated in the desire of poll
ze ticians to escape the responsibility to
as action on such petty questions as th
Li location of State capitals and the set
tlement of prohibition lights. As Is
stances of government, he declare
el the schemes for direct legislation b
of the people would convert the Unite
a States from a republic into a demot
racy, and would give its control int
"the hands of the unskilled, the idl
le and the vicious."
,e An attack upon William R. Hears
in the course of his speech, in whiec
he characterized Mr. Hearst as
es "miserable dog, who had bounde
or him," brought Senator Ashurst c
Arizona to his feet. He attempte
1e to answer this phrase of Senato
Bailey's attack upon radical newspa
n pers and magazines, but was stopper
by the Texas senator with the re
e mark that he "could make that re
Later Mr. Ashurst took the toor b
a his own right and In the course o
li defense of the system of direc
government paid a tribute to Mi
Dr Hearst as a loyal American citizen.
id Galleries were crowded to thei
7 utmost capacity and long lines o
)e people waited in the corridors for at
ly cpportunity to hear the Texan's fare
well address to the Senate. -To th
ot members of the senate were adder
nearly 75 members of the house, wh+
Dr filled the benches and lined the wall
along the floor of the chamber. Sen
,tor Bailey spoke for four hours, any
o throughout that titre he received tbi
to closest attention from members an+
epectators. As he concluded a way
0 of applause swept through the gal
n leries. bringing a sharp reprimani
from Senator Gallinger, the presidini
It President-elect Wilson, altheng1
'o-uoted liberally by Senator Bailey 11
'r defense of his declaration that direc
a legisationl is not in aecord with th
Itprinciple of Am'erican governmest
tyrcie hsconinendation from ta
"If the man we have elected presi
delet of the United States gives th
at(e untry a sane and satIsfactory ac
minsstration," he declared, "the Me
publican party will never nominat
ariother candidate for the presidency
'-Why should you?" he continues
advancing toward the Republical
ride of tbe chamber. "You carrie<
Ln nut two states this year and the
m twc of the smallest. The contest fon
p- years from now will be betweea u
- and the Rooseveltians."
-BRUIKS PARCEL POSTED.
Onue Thousand Mailed Cader' the Nei
a- Postal Laws,
aEvery employee of the Gary Paa
.. office has sore arms as the first tast
he of the parcel post. and Postniaste
John W. Call and Chief Clerk Josep
Id Tracey are carrying their ar~
raround in bandages..
r- Two big dray wagons backed up t
-the post office and unloaded 1,00
eheavy paving bricks, each one a set
-arate stamped parcel. The bricks ar
-samples being mailed by W. P. 1
r-Paa local brick dealer, and bi
-found that he could send the brich
ae cheaper by .parcel post.hi ssti
re spent most of the day tar ingth
at 6.000 ;ounids of bricks into the poi
o'iee to .be ready for the first outgt
:ng nostal parcel mail on Wednesda
I ' I
Bull Dog by Parcels Post
To a nameless brindle hiill doj
rrobably belongs the distinction<
nbetnr the first canine that ever tral
aneled by post. He was delivered in
crate at the opening of the parel
re poet at Yonkters. N .Y., and addresi
n enl to a local resident. Although lbi
o 1 anita is are not accented for tran'
nortation by the new parcels post tt
na nostmester made an exception of th
uinnururation ceremony and had oz
~of his carriers deliver it.
ve Inhale Fumes of Nitric Acid.
1s At Portland. Maine. Deputy Chi
ng William H. Steele. of the Portlat
reO Fire De'oartmient, is dead.' and Cap
ym W. 0. Parker, and Giles Redmoun
al'e in a serious cor dinion as a resu!
r'f inailne fumes of nitric acta,
the baement of a drug store.
yn. IPolice Force Mutinies.
led e"" bMq been re'ttved from Ma
at- sos. e. ital of' th-e State of Amiro
a as. Re-M. th-t :he ent~re 'ollee for
n% t ere has mmtinied. The govern
ci- or the State has fled and tha vi
> governor bag assumed the p.at
sni ' .t-'
SEVEN MEN KILLED
RAILWAY BRIDGE BREAKS WIT
S HEAVY FREIGHT.
idge*ad Bee Built at Low Wati
E sad High Waters Underwin
.Seven men -were killed and tU
e lives of several others believed I
have been lost when a westbou
Chesapeake & Ohio railroad freig]
train erashed through a weakene
bridge across Guyandotte river i
Guyandotte, a suburb near Hunting
ton, W. Va. Upwards of a dozen me
were ianred. The crew of 30 <
:nore iron workers were employe
installing a double track across tt
bridge, when the freight train a
proaehed. A few left their posts,
is said, believing the bridge unsar
When the train was near the centr
a of the structure the bridge crun
bled. The heavy train crushed 'nt
the water and the bridge debris coi
ered the train wreckage.
Members of the train crew an
b iron workers not caught beneath th
wreckage struggled through the ws
ter to shore. The engine, one of th
Jargest types, probably will have t
be removed from the water befor
e progress can be made in recoverin
* The accident is believed tb hay
. been caused by water underminin
r the piling that had been put in a
e low water stage. A heavy rise I
. the river had caused considerab:
. loss during the past several dayf
d but the railroad officials felt con!
dent that the bridge was safe. 1
passenger train had passed over th
. bridge a few moments before it gay
y way under the weight of the freign
train. A rigid investigation is un
der way both by the civil author.
*lee and olcials of the Chesapeak,
EPIDEMIS OF MENINGITIS,
i Sixty-one Cases Reported in Dye
r County, Tennessee.
Sixty-one cases of cerebro-spina
- meningitis have developed to date I;
- Dyer county, Tenn., and of this num
ber 35 have died, according to :
statement made to the Associate
Press by Dr. J. A. Albright, formerl;
t secretary of the Tennessee board c
health, who has been engaged by th
county authorities to direct effort
to stamp out the disease. Twenty
f .'ne of the cases and 11 deaths op
1 ci rred within the town of Dyersnur;
Within the past 24 hours two case
developed in Dyersburg sad to
rases in other parts of the count
Dr. Albright stated that immunisin
agents are being freely used ant
within a few days he anticipates tha
his forces will have the situation wee
in hand and a, marked improvemen
be shown. Public gatherings have
been discontinued. Quarantines have
been established by adjoining coup
FOUR BROTHERS DROWN.
Thy-Were Skating When the le
Uroke With Them.
At Utica, N. Y., N(ew Year's da;
brought~ death to four sons of Mr
and Mrs. Daniel Kahler, of Croghai
Ray, Roy, Francis and Daniel, rng
ing in age from 7 to 16 years, wer<
coasting near their home. They wen
down a hill and on to thin ice alena
the edge of Beaver river. The 1c
broke and all went into the stream
Near Boardsmanville, Milo Williami
(4 years old; Homer Williams, 12
and Raymond J1. Fath, aged 11, wer
drowned. Young Fath broke througl
r the thin ice. While trying to rescu
him the Williams boys and Charle
Fitch, a companion, alsc brok
through. Fitch was the only one
the four who was able to reach shor4
r AVALANCHE CRUSHIES SHOP.
Heavy Slide of Snow Kills Eighteel
r A heavy slide of snow Monday a
the Coal Croek mines of the Crow
sNest Pass Coal company at Fernie
B. C., carried with it a carpenter sho
ini which 15 men were working. On
ly four bodies have been recover'ed
There is no hope for the other 1
men. Shortly after the carpentel
had gone to work in the shops of tb
e Crow's Nest Pass Coal company, se'
eral hundred tons of rock mud, Ie
and snow came down and carried thi
smen into the valley, 530 feet belo~
eA corner of the shop protruded fro:
t the debris and rescuers went to wor
at this point. The building had bee
crushed, however, and rescue wor
Eight People Rescued.
-After being imprisoned behind
all of coal, rock and other mine r~
fuse, eight of the nine men entombe
a Wednesday in the colliery of the E
aLehigh Coal company near Tamaqut
Pa., were rescued alive ThursdS
enight. The other man. Joseph Wa
ter, is missing and Is believed to ha~
been killed. The men were impr'
soned nearly 40 hours.
Dies of Blood Poisoning.
A fter an operation to remove si
vers of wood which had entered h
i hewing toothpicks, blood poisonin
d set In, esausing the death of J. '
t. Moir, a leading merchant of 1(
?, em N. C.. according to a special ni
It ptch from that place Wedneedi
'n night. Molt was a native of VI
.'4'i and leaves a widow and or
Y'oung Girl !(illed.
- Ad'a" Stevens"on. rand son of fo
-e er viee-Presidenlt Adial E. Stev0
Er son. accidentally shot and killed MI
. Rth Merwin, si'teenl. In the Steve
ofj son home in Bloomington, Il1.4
ITiE PARGi PJ3
HITCRCOCK INAUGURATES TE'
PARCLLS POST SEIIE
OFFICIAL FIRST PALKAiiE
c Postmaster General Sends Silver ev.
ing Oup to His Subordinate is Nde
SYork, Thus Starting the Govysm
- meats latest Enterprise0-We
into Operation January 1. '
d As the clocks ticked off the list
. seconds of 1913, Postmaster General
.itchcock inaugurated a connectioa
with the new era in the American
postal service by depositing in the
Nashington postoffice the first pa.
ige to be entrusted to the domeetle
o jarcels post service. The strones of
he last hour of 1912 were dying
sway when the postmaster general
d .tepped up to the newly painted in
scription "Parcels Post Packages"
Lnd handed in the official "first pack.
ige." At the same moment the par
:els post service was opened for bus
ness in every postoffice in the Ualt.
3d States open at that hour.
Postmaster General Hitchcock's
'ackage contained a silver floving cap
nclosed in a stout box. The pack
ge was addressed to E. M. Morgan,
ostmaster of the city of New YorK.
nd after it has made its journey to
ew York it will be sent back to
.Vashington to be engraved and pro
erved in the national museum to
ommemorate the inauguration of
he parcels post service.
The postmaster general paid for
7 cents. worth of stamps affixed to
he package, which weighed about
wo pounds. Of this 17 cents was for
egular postage and 10 cents for "in
arance," or registration.
Elaborate preparations had been
ad. by the postoffice department for
-'e inauguration of the new servbe
iroughout the country. The pose
iaster set 'aside $30.000 from the
'750,000 appropriated by congress
-or the parcels post to be used -In
quipping the offices in largest ett
-es for handling the great amount of
natter expected to be sent by the new
'ervice. This sum was divided pre
ata among the .big offices and the va
ions postmasters were allowed to
'se their own discretion in the expea
'iture of the funds for additional
jerks and for delivery service. Auto
nobile delivery trucks were provided
n several cities.
Mr. Hitchcock has ordered from
he postmasters in charge of the of
'ces reports on the workings of tae
)arcels post to be submitted January
'6. On these reports will be based
t comprehensive plan for handling
he new service and the estimates for
'.ppropriations to conduct the service
luring the next fiscal year. Several
)ostmasters have already reported
-hat large department stores and
-nail order houses in the big cities
"ave sign~fied their intention of uo
~ng the parcel post for local delivery
to replace local emipress companlem
and package service.
On the extent of this charaeter et
business will depend to a great de
gree the size of the force and equip
'nent necessary to handle the addi
tional business to be done by the
"This occasion mark. the euba)
nation of years of work and develop
~nent and forecasts more work and
ievelopment," said Postmaster Gen
lral Hitchcock, as he turned In his
"ackage to Assistant Postmaster Itoo
'nson and Granville Hunt. superin
tendent of registry, of the Washing.
*on postoffice. The postmaster gen
oral deposited the Mrst packakg un
-der the fire of a battery. of cameras
'ind moving picture machin's and as
he turned away from the window he
held an impromptu reception for the
officials of the department who has
accompanied him on his errand,
aRU'SSIA'S TREATY EXPIREEV
,t ft Is Urpeeted, However, That Nasv
smsal Relations Will Continue.
p Notwithstanding the publication in
SSt. Petersburg of -an official an
L nouncement that Russian Imports in
1 to the United States would continue
E to enjoy the minimum rates after the
e expiration of the present trade tree
ty Tussday night, state department
e officials decided tO adhere to their
e original purpose to .issue no official
- statement bearing up~n this questfou.
SThere is said to be no intention to
k controvert the publicly accepted visw
D that the trade relations between the
k two countries-after the expiration of
the treaty of 1832 may continue ou
practically the same basis as at pocs
ent under the well accepted prncl
a pies of international law which g.e
ern in absence of express treaty :A
d Iations. Apparently, however, the .af
fiecis have concluded it would be
unwise at this juncture to commit
the United States to any specifie line
Sof actIon by a formal statement.
Ligh's Reveal a Suicide.
After conversing in a dark work
rom for a quarter of an hour, em
o'oyees of a St. Paul Lumber Comn
Spany of St. Paul. 'Mton., was startled
when the lights were turned on early
Tuesdqy to see the lifeless body of a
co-worker dangling from a ceiling
stpam ripe, almnost in the centre of
t?'e g'oun. The man had hanged
His name and address were not
Prefer T'urkey to Pardon.
Fifteen negroes refused ta accept
r-Christm3o comnmutaton1s of thbir sen
n- tATnces wbich rmen release from the
seMacon city stockaele. They Dreferred
nl- Ito remain in prison and partake of
) the eleant t1nrkey dinner prepared