Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVII MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY
MDE OF INOL
ACTOR IN THE OLD THEAT E
TELL OF TRA5EDT
TALKS OF FATAL NillT
E. A. Emerson, Who Played Part of
Lord Dundreary In the American
Cousin the Night the President
Was Shot, Recalls Vividly AU In
cidents of the Awful Tragedy.
Behind his desk in the office of his
art glass establishment at 630 0 St.
northwest, in Washington, as much
engrossed in the business of to-day as
any youthful apprentice, sits the last
human link between the present and
the greatest tragedy of American his
tory, says a Washington dispatch to
the Chicago Daily News. He is L A.
Emerson, last of the leading actors in
the troupe that played "The Ameri
can Cousin" at the old Ford Theatre,
In Washington, on that fatal night In
\April, 1865, when the bullet of
Wilkes Booth took away the life of
President Lincoln and tumbled the
country into chaos. Mr. Emerson
appeared on that occasion in the role
of Lord Dundreary, the dandifed and
bemonocled English "swell", prob
ably the best known and certainly
the most popular role In the play.
"I was not on the stage at the time
of the tragedy," said IMr. Emerson
recently. "It Is nearly half a cen
tury ago, but the events were Im
printed too deeply on my mind for
me ever to forget them. It was just
after the beginning of the third and
last act and I was leaning up against
a piece of scenery in the wings, wait
ing for my cue to go on. when I
heard a shot.
"Truth compels me to say that this
caused not the slightest ripple of ex
citement among any of us back of the
stage. There were, we knew, a score
of causes In all the various parapher
nalia of the stage mechanism that
might cause a sound like that. We
were a little bewildered for a moment
by the apparition on the stage of a
man who didn't belong there, crying
out something we could not clearly
understand. But, you must remem
ber, the war had just come to an
end, the President was in the house
and most of the actors, I am sure,
thought, for a few minutes, that It
was just some prearranged patriotic
demonstration. Even the sight of a
man dashing through the wings did
not bring us to any realization of the
"Then suddenly there sped through
.the troupe gathered on the stage and
in the wings the cry, 'The President's
"Then, indeed, there was gonfusion
worse than confounded-a veritable
whirlpool of actors, supers, police
men hurrying on the track of Booth,
even some of the audience, all mixed
In one Inextricable chaos of mad hu
manity on the stage. Even then. in
the hysteria of the moment, the cur
tain was not run down and It was
some minutes after the President was
taken from his box before It fell.
Meantime from the stage we could
see them tearing the martyred man's
clothing from him In a mad searen
for the wound even as they bore him
"A' little while later I went to the
box the President had occupied. Just
to the side of the chair In which he
had sat!I found a crumpled program
I am confident-though I have no ab
solute proof-that it was the pro
gram he had In his hand when the
fatal bullet struck him, and in the
agony of the shock he crumbled and
dropped it. Here it is."
Mr. Emerson held up a framed pro
gram of the play. It was yellow with
age. On It was a dark sinister spot
about the size of a dime.
"When I picked it up," continued
Mr. Emerson, "that spot was on it
wet. Of course I cannot say ertain
ly, but I am convinced that It was a
drcp. of the life blood of Prestdent
"I was well acquainted with younr
Booth," Mr. Emerson ebttiued
when asked about his knowledge of
the man responsible for the tragedy.
"I had played with him In theatres
all over the country. One incident
recall very vividly, occurring the
morning before the fatal night; a
certain case I have at my house
snapped into four pieces, will eve
make me mindful of It. flat morn
ing as I stood before the- stage doo'
of the treatre Wilkes Booth came ur'
to me: He was in a highly nervous
state. As he stopped and spoke he
snatched my cane from my niand
and, with anagitated gesture, mwng
it over behind his shoulders.
" 'Do you know what that man has
done?" he cried. almost hysterically.
"I knew to whom he referred, for
Lincoln had been an obsession with
him ever since Lee had evacuated
Richmond a fortnight before
"'He went down to Richmond yes
terday.' Booth ccntinued. 'sat in Pres
ident Davis' chair and put his feet on
President Dqvis' desk. Somebody
ouy'ht to kil! him!'
"With that he brought his two
hands, holding the ends of the cane.
down with such force that It snap
ped in four pieces. I sathered them
up. intending to have the-n renaired.
buit kep't them as they were after the
events that followed.
"T tried to quiet him. telling him
the war was over and that such talk
wa intemT"'ratC. if not danrens.
But It never occurred to me that be
had any idea of putting that thought
Irto execution: for Booth was always
a wil-' imtnious talker."
Mr. Emerson. who is the last sur
vivi'e membher of the troupe that
hell th~e boards on that fateful night.
was horn in .'iexandria. Va.. sevent"'
three years ago. He was taken to St.
Louis, Mo.. by his parents at an early
-ge but in~ ynnth retUrn to the eBt
HOUSE PASRES THE BILL TO 1
Vote of Ninety-One to Ninetees
Shows Seantimeant of House To
wards Compulsory Education Law
The House has indicated that it L
in favor of some form of compulsory
education. It did this Wednesda)
after a thoroughly exhaustive debate
and .by a decisive vote of 91 to 19 re
fused to kill the McCravey compul
sory education bil. dome aemberi
objected to the bill becauer they were
opposed to compulsory education in
any form, and others because they ar
gued that the pending amendment to
the bill, which provides for county
adoption of compulsory education, ti
simply an entering wedge.
The fact of the matter Is. howev
er, that advocates of compulsory ed
ucation .urge that if they be able to
have it adopted in several, counties
the effect will be so satisfactory that
it will become general. and further,
it is agreed thatth is is .the only fora
in which the bill could be passed at
this session. At all events, the oppo
sition to the compulsory education
plan. showed less strength than was
expected. 91 to 19, and there Is now
a decided prospect that the bill will
pass and become a law.
The following voted , against the
bill: Addy. Ashley, J. W.; Browing.
Cross, Fortner, Gray, Harrelson, Har
vey. Hunter, Irby. Kirby, Iyband,
McDonald. Miley. Moore, Nelson,
Robertson, Rogers, W. S.-total, 19.
The following voted in favor of the
bill: Smit.. AtkInqu BeSkin. Bel
ser, Bethea, wes, Boy. Brice,
Busbee, Charles, Clowne; Courtney.
Creech, Daniel, Dantaler, DeLaugh
ier, Dick. Epps, Friday, Fripp.
Gasque, Goodwin: Greer. Halle, Hall,
Harpi4, Haynaworth, Hiott, Holley.
Nutchison, Hutson. James. W. A.;
Johnston, Jones, Kellehan, Kelly,
Kennedy. Kibler, King, Iark, Liles.
Lumpkin, McCravey, McMilan. e.
Queen. Malpass, Martin. Massey.
Means, Mel, Miller, Mitchell. Miu
ion. Mower, Murray, Nicholson.
Odom, O'Quinn. Pegues, Pyatt.
Ready, Rembert, Riddle, Riley. Rit
tenberg, Robinson. Rogers, L. M.:
Sapp. Sanders. Schroder. Scott, W.
M.; Scott, W. W.; Senseney, Sher
wood. Shirley, Smiley, Stanley, Stev
enson, Strickland. Thompson. Van
der Horst, Walker, Warner, Whaley.
White. Whitehead, Wilburn. Wil
llama, Wyche, C. C.; Wyche, C. T.;
Youmana. Zeigler--total 91.
The House adjourned before the
bill we ordered to third reading.
xEGUOUB' DAY AT CORN SHOW.
Friay. Pobraary 14., i Bet Aide as
Friday, February 14, is negrs day
at the Corn Show in Columbia. The
management has decided to set apart
that day. Rev. C. T. Walker of
Agusta. Ga.. has been requested to
-eliver the principal address for this
occasion. Efforts are being made
throughout the State to get all the
superintendents of colored public
schools, and presidents of colleges
and other institutions to dismiss
their schools Friday so. the teachers
and pupils may have a chance to be
In attendance at the Corn Show If
they so desire. The management of
the Corn Show thinks this will be an
Incentive to the farmers and to all
Richard Carroll will have charge
of the management for the celebra
tion of the negro day. White pe0
pe who read thin journal will ren
dr good service If they notify the
colored people in their employ, ad
those who live in their communit''e
about the special day. Low rates on
ill ralroads will be granted during
the entire week. Any informatao
desired, address G3eo. H. Stevenso,
or Richard Carroll, Columbia, B. C
TALKSE SOUND SENSE.
What Samto Tilimam lays About
A dispatch from Washington says
most senators declined to discuss the
stuation In Mexico. A notable ex
ception was found in Senator Till
man. He said:
"I think the president ought to be
very, very cautious how he involves
this country in war just at the clos4
't his administration. I know of
no greater misfortune that could
happen to us right now than to have
such a war forced on the country.
The situation is a very One illustra
tion of 'You will be damned If von
do and you will be damned if you~
ion't.' especially if you do. Let us
do what Is necessary to protect the
honor of. our country and no more;
If we have to go there let us get away
as soon as possible."
and went on the stage. playing wlu!I
the Booths. Charlotte Cushman and
other celebrities of that long agC
day. He was for several years be
fore the war and during that contlkA
in the companies of the famous unan
agr, Ford. of Baltimore. and alst
played in the companies of the etdei
After the tragedy of that night I9
April. 1865, he gave up the stage
going Into the bookselling businesi
in Lynchburg. Va., for many years
More than half a score of years agc
he returned to Washington, where h4
founded a stained glass works, o
which thriving concern he Is th4
Ihead. Despite his years he is in al
ftel1 possession of all his powers aJ
le was thirty years ago. Ho dis
courses on the events of that terrible
oIght with a Buency and correctnesi
tat show not only a memory unim
paired. but also the indellible impres
son thet was made upon him. O1
not onq~ single point was his memort
-n- en seems to me as though I
"KILLS TODD'S MM
HOUSE REFUSE TO PAY Him FOR
STATE HOUSE PLAN
ADOPT ANNUAL BUDiET
The Appropriation Bill, Which Can.
ries Nearly Two Million Dollars,
Was Taken Up In the Hose and
Passed on Thursday Night With
out Much Change as Reported.
The House passed the appropria
tion bill to third reading Thursday
night, after consuming the major
portion of the morning and all the
night session in considering It. Rel
atively few changes were made- in
the bill by the House. The most ex
tended debate was on -secuon 3&.
miscellaneous, item 30, A. W. Toda;
$5,000, to purchase plans ana specl
cations for State House."
After the whole subject of the
Todd claim, originally for some $1!,
000 and upon a special investigating
committee made an unfavorable re
port at the last session, had been
threshed over from alpha to omega,
the House refused to make the ap
propriation by a vote of 71 to 32.
The appropriation of $2,600 for I
driveways and walks around the I
State House, conditioned on the ap- 1
propriation of a like amount by the
city of Columbia, was also killed af
ter discussion. Section 43 of the bill, I
which read "That no executive offc r
shall use any of the contingent or
special funds appropriated to the, t1 i
partment of which he is the head 'for
services in discharging duties impos- I
ed by law on any officer whose com- a
pensation was not provided for by a
this appropriation act," was stricken I
No changes were made by the I
House in the recommendations of the i
committee for appropriations to State I
colleges, except that $2,500 was add- 1
ed to that of the. Citadel to pay the i
expenses of the officers and corps of t
cadets incurred in attending the in
auguration of Woodrow Wilson and
taking part in the inaugural parade.
The bill carried an appropriationi ct
$20,000 for the University of South
Carolina with which to complete a
new dormitory, and $17,500 to com
plete its heating plant. Winthron
college was given $23,000 for build
ing and equipping an industrial arts
and science building.
The item of $12,500 for the -ur- t
chase of a rifle range for the National
Guard occasioned a debate. Mr.
Schroder of Charleston explained t
ed that the acquirement of a rifle
range was necessary in order that I
the militia might continue to receive i
the appropriation from the national ]
government. He said that the adju
tant general had found a suitable site
for one about seven miles north of
Columbia and had gotten an option
on about 980 acres. The range was
necessary,,.too, for the use of..-the
Citadel cadets, said Mr. Schroder. By
an overwhelming vote the house then
agreed to expend $12,500 for a range
site and rifle range.
The house appropriated $181,605.
98, the amount recommended by the
committee for Winthrop college,
which Includes $20,000 for a new
industrial,- arts and science building-.
The house refused to adopt "item 30
A W. Todd, $6,000" under thei""ia
cllaneous" section in the bill.
Mr. Nicholson of Greenville toldi
the house that last session the spec-.
lal committee to investigate the I
whole Todd claim for drawing plans a
for improving the state house had 1
unanimously reported that it was not I
legally valid, and the house had then
adopted the report. He read ths
message from the governor sent in
1911, calling attention to the undo
sirable entrances to the state house
on the lower floor and the concurrent
resolution authorizing the committee
on state house and grounds to talce
steps toward carrying out he recomn
mendations of tbe governor. He toldi
of the action of the committee in
Rt'ting provisions for remodeling the
Mr. Rembert of Richland maid he
had already rendered a legal opinio.x
on the Todd claim to the effect that 4
it would have to be settled under *he 1
rules of equity as there was no legal
basis for it. He read part of the ro
port of the committee on state house
and grounds setting forth their deal
ings with A. W. Todd. He admitte-l
that the committed exceeded its au
thority in the matter.
Mr. Mitchum of Clarendon, a mem
ber of the state house and grounds
committee, which entered into the
contract with A. W. Todd to draw1
plans for remodeling the state house 1
ad allowed him $1,000 for expen
see to travel over the State and ac
quaint the members of the general
assembly with his ideas, spoke next.
He discussed in detail the drawing
of the contract between -Mr. Todd
and the sub-committee from the com
mittee on state house and grounds,
which made a report subsequently to
the whole committee. He said "dirty
politics" were to blame for the fa'%
ure of the general assembly to pas
the claim last year.
The statement of Mr. Mitchnin
that the failure of the general assem
bly to pay the $12,000 Todd cla!m
last session was due to "dirty poli
tics" called forth speeches of person
al privilege from three members: Mr.
Irby of Laurens. Mr. Belzer of Sum
tr and Mr. Monre of Abboville. Mr.
Irby explained his reasons for op
posing the Todd claim last year, and
took exception to the statement th'at
"drty politics" had anything to do
Mr. Belzer. who was a member of
.the special committee to investigate
the Todd claim in 1912. said that
politics played no part in its report.'
He said that the evidence taken liv
j th cmommie proved that Mr. Td
BILL IS INTRODUCED
[0 TIGBTEN UP PRIMARY LAWS
IN TIS STATE.
Beaator Nicholson Explained Mas
are Wednesday Night Which Me
Introduced in the Senate.
The biW by Senator Nicholson to
ighten up the primary laws was ex
plained to the senate Wednesday
ight and was called Thursday morn
ug for action Some amendments
were proposed by Senator Nicholson,
md the bill as amended provides in
>rief for the appointment to consist
>t a board of registration to consist
>f three members who shall, six
onths before the meeting of th
lub, make a new enrolmnent of ali
Each voter ofering to enroll must
tate his place of residence and num
)er, and a eartifcate with these on
t shall be issued. The requirements
or registration are twelve months'
residence In state, six month. in
unty and three months in voting
>recinct or ward.
All club rolls are to be closed thir.
y days before first primary and copy
iled with the auditor.
The registration board must see
hat ne person enrolled has his name
in another club, and the boards are
o meet the first Monday in August
a hear protests, and also have the
>ower of purging the rolls.
Violations of the requirements tc
eroll are made punishable by fine or
mprisonment. Duplications and re
eating are guarded against in the
rovi I)us of the bill. The registra
ion boards are to be paid by the
Cnty, and are to draw their pay on
he first Monday In August. Any per
on denied the right of enrolling can
ippeal to the court.
tad practically completed his plans
ad specifications before the author
ty was given him to act as arch'tect.
r. Moore said that "as far as he
enew, politics bad nothing to do
rith the matter." Mr. Mitchum sa'..
hat it had not been his intention
r- reflect on any member and with
irew his statement.
Mr. Lee of Darlington, a member
f the subordinate committee from
he committee on State house and
rounds, which made the contract
rith A. W. Todd, reviewed the trans
ctions of the subcommittee. He
aid that he realised that the com
aittee had exceeded its authority and
gad so testified before the investigs
ing committee last year, but tha
he recommendations of the govern
ir could not have been earried out
atisfactority by expending a few
housand dollars. The subcommittee
nay have been over enthusiastic, but.
Er Todd had been employed in good
'aith to do the work, added Mr.
"I honestly believe Mr. Todd is due
omething by the State of South
arolina." declared Mr. Lee. "I do
lot know how much." Mr. Liles of
)rangeburg and Mr. eoyd of Spar
anbrg opposed the appropriatiou ot
5,000 for A. W. Dodd. Mr. DIeL,
hairman of the ways ad means
ommittee, said that a majority of
he body had agreed that Mr. Todd
ras due $5,000, and he intended to
tad by the majority of the comn
The members who voted In favor
i including the $6,000 appropriat'on
or A. W. Todd inl the bill were tnec
ollowing: Messrs Blackwell, Brown
ng, Busbee, Daniel, Dick, Goodwin,
ray, Hardin, Harrelson, Holley,
lnter, W. A. James, Kirby, Lee.
aumpkin, Melfi, Miller, Michum, Mlx
on, Moseley, Murray, Odom, Rem
iort, Rittenberg, W. 8. Rogers, Jr.,
leneney, Thompson, Vender rest.
Valker, Warner. Welch, C. C. Wycho
The member who voted against in
lding the appropriation for A. W.
rodd in the bill were the following:
~peker Smith. Messrs. Addy, J. I .
Lshley, Atkinson, Belzer, Bethea,
3owers, Boyd, Brice, Charles, Clow
iy, Courtney, Creech, Cross, Danta
or. DeLaughter, Eppe, Rvans, Fr
lay, Fripp, Gesque, Greer, Hall, Hiar
rey, Haynsworth, Irby, Jones, King.
irk, Liles, McCravey, McDonald.
icMillan, McQueen, Malpass, Martin.
eans, Miley, Mitchell, Moore, Miow
tr, Nelson, Nicholson, O'Qun, reg
le., Pyatt, Ready, Riddle, Riley, Rob
rtson, Robinsin, L. M. Rogers, San
lors, W. Mf. Scott, Sherwood, Shirley.
mley, Stanley, Strickland, Stur~..,
rindal, Warren, Whaley, White.
Whitehead, Wilburn, Williams, C '2.
yche, Yosmas, Zeigler-71.
Pared-Kibler, aye, with W. E~
rames, nay, 2.
Not voting: Mf. J. Ashley, Barn
rell. Baskin. Fortner, Hale, Harper.
Tiott, Hutchinson, Hutson, Johnson.
elleham, Kelly, Kennedy. Lybrand,
dassy, Sapr Schiroder, rtevenson -
Subsequent efforts to approp-tate
i1 100, $1,600 and $2,503 far Mr.
rddI failed. The appropriation bfi
a amended was passed to thir.i resd.
P Mr. Dick of Sumter gioe notice
'd amendments on third remlhng.
Usack Lime Cause Burning.
A recently built five-room cottage.
elongng to Prof. H. C. Wright, one
>f the teachers of the negro normal
md industrial institute of Lancaster.
was destroyed Tuesday night by fire
The ire was caused by the intense
seat from a barrel of lime placed in
no of the rooms, which on account
yf a leakage in the roof of the house,
was rained upon, this causing the
lime to unslack and set fire to the
Twenty-Rix In Family.
Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Trultt, who
were married at the home of W- W.
!Jmbs, in the Lee district. Moultrie
anty, Go,., have a real start for a
bg family, there being twenty-foul
hildrenl in the crowd that were unit,
y the mearae ceremony. which
ELECTION IS DECLARED.
SENATE AND HOUSE CANVAMB
Woodrow Wilson and Thomas B.
Marshall Officially Declared Elect
ed President and Vice-President. .
With elaborate ceremony the Sen
ate and House Wednesday in joint
session canvassed the electoral votes
of the various States of the Union
and officially declared Woodrow Wil
son, of New Jersey, and Thomas R
Marshall of Indiana, elected Press
denat and Vice-President of the Unit
ed States for the term beginning
Senator Bacon, presiding over the
joint session, proclaimed the elec
tion, when, to the crowded floor and
galleries of the House chamber, he
delivered the following proclamation
prescribed Ir the official rules.
"This announcement of the state
of the vote by the President of the
Senate pro tempore shall be deemed
a sufficient declaration of the persons
elected President and Vice-President
of the United States, each for the
term beginning March 4, 1913."
Democrats In the House and Sen
ate greeted the announcement with a
round of applause, a row cheers and
several shrill, long yells, the usual
Democratic indications of approval.
The galleries joined in the demon
stration and the dignified Senate.
led by Senator Bacon and two pages
bearing the wooden caskets contain
lug the electoral vote certificates, re
turned to its own classic confnes, far
from the noisy exuberance of the
Bouse. The proceedings were quiet
ed by the advent of solemn Senator
al dignity when the canvass began,
and even the galleries seemed to ap
preciat eseoeihsur jeonpa. dJ d. ..
rreclate the seriousness of the occa
sion when Senator -Bacon announced
that no applause would be permit
The nature of the House eventual
ly asserted itself, however, and there
were cheers and handclapping and
yells as the canvass proceeded. The
announcement of the California vote
drew applause from the Roosevelt
A real Democratic outburst follow
ed when Senator Martine, one of the
tellers, announced New Jersey's four
teen votes for Wilson and Marshall.
and applause came f -om the Repub
lican side when. Utah and Vermont
each gave Taft and Butler four votes.
The recapitulation gave Wilson
and. 'Marshall 435 votes; Roosevelt
and Johnson, 88 votes, and Taft and
Butler s votes. The certifeates of
all of the State were received and
counted and there was no response
to the formal demand of Senator
Bacon as to whether there was ob
jection to the recording of the vote.
KILE D I AUTO ACCIDENT.
Columbia Lady Meets Death When
Machine Left Bridge.
Mrs. Annie Mc~lendonl lost her
life Wednesday night at nine o'clock
rhen an automobile in whioh she was
riding was precipitated from a
bridge into Ricky Branch. near the
Columbia Union Station. She was
the wife of Millen H. McClendon,
She was 28 years of age.
Mrs. McClendonl, with her hus
band and his sister, were returning
.ome when the fatal accident oc
urred. The point at which it hap
pened is about two blocks south of
the Union Depot. Mr. 'McClendon
was preparing to ascend the hill
leading to his home, at 1,206 Whar
ey street; turning out from Main
street he veered toe sharply and the
car was hurled from the bridge
crossing Rrocky Branch at that
point, into the waters beloir. The
occupants of the car were planed un
der it. Mr. McClendonl and his sis
ter, however, managing to extricate
themselves and to summon assist
The body of Mrs. McClendoni was
immediately rushed to a hospital.
where it was discovered that she was
beyonJ medical aid. Miss MicClen
don's arie was injured by the fall
from the bridge and the consequent
pinning under the wreckage of the
car. Mr. McClendon was slightly
buised. Mr. McClendoni holds a re
sponsible position with the Richland
Mills Company, being overseer of
the card room of the mill.
-0GIRI8 LOST THEIR WAT
Eight of Them Had a Rough Time in
Lost in the wilds of Paris moun
tain, eight students of the Greenville
Female College and a teacher are
said to have spent last Friday night
in the mountains under conditions
that were anything but favorable.
The night was spent in a particularly
dilapidated uninhabited cabin in
which there was nothing resembling
furniture, and was passed by the
young ladies with remarkable com
posure, only two of them having suf
fered from it according to reports.
These two were slightly iil. but are
reported to have entirely recovered.
Three More Die in Chair.
Three murderers were executed In
the electric chair at Sing Sing in
New York Monday morning. Two of
them murdered women. All went to
the chair with firm steps. Bach
called back cheeerfully to those in
the cell house.
Waycross Doctor Killed.
At Waycross, Ga., DC. T. C. Cars
well, secretary of the Eleventh Dis
trict Medical Association, was fatally
injured Tenday when his automobito
plunged into a ditch and caught fir9.
Helim n nl a few hwours after the
ALL MET DEATH
E ,ORES DIEAFTER FNDINi
PARTY OF FIVE PERlSHi
Chief of Epeditioan sad Fea com
panions Probabij Starved to Death
While Returning to asse, Rat the
Details of the Artul Tragedy Be
Not Been Rcseived.
A London cablegram says at a
meetin, "t the Royal Geographical
Society, lay evening announce
meit was 1. of the disaster whieI.
has overtakes pt. Robert F. Scott's
Anarctic expedalon. resulting in the
death of Capt. Sctt, Dr. E. A. Wil
son, Lieut. H. R. Bowers, Capt. L. E.
G. Oates and Petty OMcer E. Evans.
Capt. Scott's airty, said Douglas
W. Freshfleld, vice-president of the
Geographical Society, in making the
announcement, found Capt. Reald
Amundsen's hut and records at the
South Pole. On, the return trip.
about March 29, 1912. eleven miles
from One Ton Depot, a blizzard over
whelmed them. They had suffered
greatly from hunger and exposure,
and the death of Scott. Bowers and
Wilson was virtually due to that.
They died after the klilzrd swept
down on the party.
Oates died from exposure a few
days later. The 8eath of Evans re
suited from a fal. The other mem
bers of the expedition are reported to
be in good health. A searching par
ty discovered the bodies of the vio
tims and records some time later.
A London dispatch says news of
the death of Capt. Robert F. Scott
and his four brave companions, who
succeeded by a fnal dash in reaching
the South Pole, only to Snd -proofs
that Amundsen had forestalled them.
came in a brief dispatch from Lieut.
G. G. Evans. of the Royal navy. who
was second in command when the
expedition startal. and who Dow
signs as "commander' of the expedi
The message was signafled from
the Terra Nova. returning from the
Antarctic regions, while passing
amaru. New Zealand. The stagger
ing effects of the news on the public
mind is all the greater, as it was be
lieved that modern science and recent
experience had . ompletely divested
polar exploration of its former ter
rors. - -
. No great surprise would have been
felt had Capt. Scott failed to reach
the pole, but that he should perish in
hus hour of triumph was the very
last thing that could be anticipated
and, in view of the terrible dangers
which still exist, the fate of Capt.
cott and his companions is likely to
ruscorage further attempts to reace
the pole, now that both have been
rttained and the circumstances of
burried dashes prevent valuable
scientific results from being obtained.
No detailed facts are yet known,
ut It Is believed the records of the
cientiflc material collected, together
with the explorers' bodies, have bi n
recovered. It also is understood
tbat gallant attempts were made by
other members. of 'the expedition to
succor the Scott party, but these were
lefeated by severe weather condi
tons and lack of food.
It seems practically certain that
the explorers starved to death. The
fact that Capt. Amundsen reached. his
base from the. pole in 30 days, which
the Scott party had been travelling
more than two months when the dis
aster overtook them, Is believed -to
show that Scott intist either have met
some misfortune, possibly in a crev
asse, or encountered a succession of
blizzards. The fact that Petty Of
fcer Evans diedt frem concussion oa
the brain as early as February- 17
seems to Indicate some such activity,
possibly involving the loss of a per
ion of the equipmentL
Capt. Oates died on March 17,
which clearly shows that the party
was in dire straits and must have un
dergone terrible sufferings during
the remaining 12 days. No news has
been received as to how the fate of
Capt. Scott and his companions was
discovered, but it is assumed that a
rescue party was dispatched from the
Capt. Scott's main travelling party
was to consist of 16 men besides
himself, while groups of four men
each were to return at different
stages of the journey, leaving Scott
and tour others to complete the flaal
dash to the pole. This would indi
cate that some of the members of the
party who had been left at the va
rious bases were not included among
the victims of the disaster and that
it was through them they communi
cated to the world the fate of the ex
COUNTr'S FIRST HANGING.
Murderr Pays Death Penalty at Tif
John Phillips, a negro. was hang
ed at Tifton, Ga., Friday for the mur.
der of "Kid" Jelks Smith, a negro, a'
Eagle Head, April 14. 1912. Phil
lips was sentenced to bang August
16. The case was taken to the 8"
preme Court, where the coav,ction
'as rfrmed. January 10 was set
for the execution, but Governor
Brown granted a respite to February
7 that the case might go before the
State pardon board. The board re
fused t orecommend clemency. This
was Tift County's first legal hanging.
A Generous Landlord.
Eighty-three families made home
less by the burning of Ingram flats at
Chicago regard Thomas Byrne as the
ideal landlord. Byrne telegraphed
from Mobile, Ala., that he would give
$100' to eas family made homeless
b.. til dnetm-rtm of the rrin KnhLts
ENACE OF M-NE R
THBAIEN DEATE TO GOB.
NO$ OF STATL
Twops-Bent 12W .he Coal KU MricIa
Beslt of Worst Conditions Jai
A dispatch from Charleastown, W.
Va., says conditions late Thursday i
the coal strike district of Kanawha
county were regarded as serious.
The lives of Gov. Glasscock. A4t.
Gen. Elliott, Sheriff 8Il1 and of ev
ery member of the military force
now In the Geld had been threatened.
According to reports over 1,500 min.
era held a meeting with sympathisers
and declared war. At this meeting.
it is said, threats were made and
copies of the resolution were posted
at Montgomery, W. Va.
When the military authorities wer
notifed of the action. soidiers were
immediately sent to Montgomery,
Rumors which caused apprehension
were to the effect that an attempt
was to be made' to release all mi
ers under arrest, Militia was Lame
diately dispatched to Paint Creek to
fortify a small farcs stationed. there
Striking coal miners ,whoe. moan
recent reign of lawlessness has just 1
been checked by an active State al- ,
ita, descended upon the State caai
tol and were cleared from the build
ing only after a riot call had broug:t
a large force of policemen. In elect
ing the miners frpm the building sev
eral persons wear slightly- hurt. It
had been reported that the miners
were coming to forcibly take charge
of the capitol.
The legislature, fearing . further
bribery charges, and with several of
its members under arrest, was in ses
eios when the, reports of the miners'
proposed. invasion were brought in.
It was not believed. but when the
men began coming Into the buildig
the riot call was sent in. The legis
lature _ continued in session unils
turbed by the commotion in the car- i
Early Thursday night- warrants l
were sworn out for "Mother" Jones, I
well known in labor circles of: thec
country; C. P. Boswell, editor of a I
ocialist paper, ;.and Frank Bartley I
and Paul J. Paulson. said to be con- I
nected with the international organ- t
Iation of miners. They are chargea i
with conspiracy and as accessories E
before the fact in the death of Fr-ed I
Bobbett, one of the victims of a re- t
cent riot near Mucklew, W. Va. Ony t
Boswell has been arrested.
With the wholesale arrests Thurs
day the military court which cos- I
vened Thursday has upwards of 150 t
cases to be considered. Altiouga 1
wire service from the troubled. zone i
was partially, established Thursday I
only meagre details of -the riots sev- t
oral days ago have been. received,
The military has taken possession of 1
the wires for ofmcial- business.
Whether more than 16 persons, as
frat reported, were killed. can not be c
ascertained. W: 9. Bobbett, a mine 4
upeintendent.,'hose brother was a t
victim of the riots, stated Thursday
that judging froin his reports at least
20 persons had. been killed. Fourc
addtioal companies of militia were a
ordered to the strike district Thur.-e
ay night by Gov. Glassock
ggggLD .LUMRER BE TAMED |
he QUWs4.n Debated at LE.gth. In
Mdst of Thursday morning sessionr
was. consumed by a debate on the
Dennis bill to place a tan- on timber t
a this State, requiring timber cu: int
ach county to be entered in the ta u
ooks as personal property. Senatorf
Appelt offered an amendment, mak
ng the bill apply only to timoer cat
from the soil of qnother. The amend
et was vote down. The financet
ommittee amenge the bill so that
t would not apply to individuals orA
corporations culng or manufactur- I
lug lumber for local purposes..
During the debate on the Dennis 4
iber tan bill Senator Dennis 8t- 4
tacked D. W. Alderldan of Alcoan a
and said that he:repr'esenlted the onl/ I
corporation opposing the bill. Re
harged that letters had been writ
ten to several senators by Mr. Alder-t
man. "Areyou goingtolet D. W
Alderman run. this legislaturet 1
shouted Senator pennis. |
He said that Mr. Alderman'S lumn
ber -carts destroyed the roads and1
that lie was a great detriment to
claredot county. Benator Appelt
from that county defended Mr. Al-1
derman. reterring to him as one of
the best citizns in the State aind say
lag that he had a perfect tight to
speak for him l.f would be time forI
him or any other to leave the State.
Man Mangled by LUon.
While assisting a moving picture
omany to present a Bomne colli
sion scene at Tampa, Fla., Jack Eon
avita one of the best knowli n-li
ma trainers In the world, had alli
the fesh between his hip and kneei
on his right leg torn off by Bruta,.
a forest-bred lion. -Bonavita loot an
arm several years ago when the lion
Baltimore attacked him.
Lynhburg Over in Russia.
A double lynching occ *d
Thursday near~Klharkov, Russia. A
mob of 5,009 peasants stormed the
fail, demolished the buildings, seiz
d a horse thief and lylached himn
Then they proceeded to the police
depot and repeated the performance
with another horse thief, who wa
Blew tVp Her Huse.
At Lynchburg, Vs,,, although Mrs.
George Mf. Jones, 'a eaithy woman
eighty years old. was blow-i cut of
her bed Thursday night by a dyna
mite explosiopi which wreelgd. her
home, the shtck did no hargn. The
polic s I et V a amL-at mur
EANY PLFLE IJIIAU
IETN IATTE II6UGIT II till
LARGER GUNS ARE USED
The bsardmaent i More Ternffe
Than on Former Occasion, sad the
Old City is Swept In Every Dives
Usa by Solid Shot and B sn
She Fom Great Gam
Mexico City was torn asunder
again Wednesday by shot and shell,
and many people were killed and
sounded. It was not until 9 o'clock
Wednesday night that the Are in all
quarters ceased. Gen. Felix Diaz, In
command of the rebel forces fprtined
and entrenched in and around the
arsenal, had held his ground against
the Federals. He had done more
than this. He had subjected the city
o a more terrific bombardment than
that of Tuesday.. He had enlarged
tis zone of action and had sent forces
igalnst the National Palace. Dias is
using larger guns than he did on
But Madero was optimistle. Thrb'.
>ut the bombardment and the almost
ontinuous . rattle of machine guns
ad .riles, the President went about
his work In the palace apparently an.
perturbed. He took counsel frequent
y with the finance minister, Ernesto
Madero. From time to time he was
n conversation with Gen. Huerto,
he commander-in-chief, regarding
plans of attack His courage was
great, his confidence remarkable.
)ver at the arsenal Gen. Dias calm
y directed the operations. He char
eterized them as solely defensive,
3e, too, was optimistic.
The number of dead and :wound
id cannot even be estimated, but It
a large. For two hours during the
crenoon .the rebel gunners rained
hot and shell at the lofty structures
tf the city, from the roofs of which
ederal sharpshooters and machine.
n men attempted to rake the in
urgents in the trenches and behind
he barricades of the arsenal. Shells
rom the heavy guns were well tim
4, the explosions throwing perhaps
ndreds of thousands of bullets into
he roofs, effectually clearing, for a
ime at least, these buildings of the
>icked men from the Federal troops.
Some of the rebel shells and not
few rife bullets reached the Wies.
onal Palace, but none believed that
)ias seriously contemplates at the
resent time an attack on Madero's
'eaduarters. Madero has promised
a make a combined assault on the
ebels' position but the operation of
Wednesday indicate that Dias has
hauch in reserve.
From early morning the shatp
.rack of rifles or the crash of cannon
ould be heard in some quarter 'of
he city almost every minute of the
lay, sometimes close, sometimes fst
listant. Diplomatic representatives
if four Powers protested and aa
irmistice was arranged so that an
uvoy from these diplomats could
ter the rebel lines and confer with
)as. But, doubtless, owing to in
bllty of the Federal commander to
ontrol all points in his lines, this
uvoy was fired upon, although rid
ng under a white flag.
The bombardment, which was ter
tic Tuesday, reached a climax Wed
reday merning, when Dias shelled
he very centre of the business die
ricts in an. effort to silence the can
ion of the Government and drive
Tom the roofs' of the taller build.
~gs the Federal sharpsnooters and
he men operating the machine guns.
C'~s smothering action directed from
he arsenal continued for more than
o hours. Shrapnel fell like hail
md occasionally bursting shells tore
roles in the sides of the buildings.
?eanwhile the fire from the opposite
lrection rendered the far-out reel
lence district uninhabitable, as well
is the big apartment building known
ma Gore Court, on Third Roma St.
Americans again Wednesday suf
rd during the height of the bat.
s. Mrs. H. W. Holmes, the wife of
in employee of Dun's Agency, was
tlled, and Mrs. Percy Griffiths, the
rife of an employee or the street
silway company, was mortally
wounded, both of her legs being
bt off. 3.. Holmes and Mrs. Grif
iths were preparing dinner In their -
itchen in an apartment building
lose to the arsenal, when a shell
rom the Federal lines burst through
he walls, instantly killing Mrs.
lolmes and leaving Mrs. Grifmths in
dying condition. Bland was walk
g along Independenicia avenue
rhen e was struck by a rifle ball,
ipparently from the Federal lines.
Ntot doubting .Intentions of the
]overnment to resume the action on
n augmented scale, and reminded
rom moment to moment by the de'
sultory and scattering firing from
,oth sides that the homes In almost
avery quarter of the city would be
-endered unsafe, foreigners. partien-'
larly Americans, British and Get
imans, sent throughout Wednesday
afternn automobiles under white
sags to collect the women and chil
Iren and transfer them to the see
ton around the American embassy,
which s considered relatively free
l'rom danger. An American guard 1s
n duty at the embassY and foreign
residents, without visible arms. rat
rol this quarter because of the total
absence of police.
Wounded Negro Was Hanged.
At Collins, Miss., Rant Seymour, a
negro paralyzed, was lifted from his e
cot Monday and carried to the gal
lows to be hanged. Seymour had eem
ed jail. He was tracked by blood.
onds who tore and mutilated him.
He wasarged with the murder of
WUeae Ldwery anzd W, T, JoimS.