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BODY Of MAN IS FOUND NEAR
DIED 11DW BEIN SHIfT
Benj. John is in Camden Jail Charg
ed With Murdering Abraham Mi
chael, Both of Whom Posed as
Ministers From Turkey Raising
Money for Christian Churches
A dispatch from Camden says Ab
raham Michael was shot to death
near the Wateree River Monday
about noon, and it is alleged that
the shooting was done by Benj. John,
both representing themselves as min
isters from Turkey, touring America
to collect funds for Christian
churches in the old country. The
killing has been the chief topic of
conversation on the streets.
'Both IMichael and John appeared
before Mayor Brasington Monday
and asked permission to solicit
church funds. Mayor Brasington
told them to present their creden
tials to a Camden minister and if
favorably passed upon, he would con
sider the request. They left Cam
den later by foot, following the Sea
board track in the direction of Co
lumbia. They passed Section Master
Sanders and a force of hands on the
road. -Later John returned from
across the river alone.
Upon being questioned by Mr. San
ders as to the whereabouts of his
companion, he said- that he left him
at the crossing near Lugoff. Later
in the day Mr. Sanders started to
wards Lugoff on his hand car, in
specting the track. When crossing a
culvert,-near Mr. Kennedy's planta
tion, he noticed the water backed up
in the culvert's entrance and a pair
of feet projecting from same.
Upon investigation, the bullet-rid
died body of Michael was found.
The coroner and sheriff were notified.
Several persons reported that they
saw a foreign looking man hurrying
towards Sheppard. Sheriff Hucha
bee had Constable IMDowell to ar
rest John at Bethune. He was piac
ed ,in jail at midnight and protested
Flora Kershaw, who lives on the
Kennedy plantation, says she saw
the two men fighting on the track
and saw one shoot the other to death
and then place his body in the cul
vert, placing the dead man's coat
over his head. John changed his
clothes near Sheppards, and it is said
they were found in the woods nearby
and :were saturated with blood.
When arrested $385 was found on
his person, together with five pocket
knives, seven pocketbooks and a
lady's band bag. Robbery is thought
by some to have been the motive of
the. alleged murder, although both
men seemed to have collected other
things'besides church funds.
G. G. Alexander Jr., has been re
tained by John to defend him. Sev
e ral .Assy'rians Interviewed John In
jail and said that they were of the
opinion that the men were Imposters
and _were either Greeks or Turks.
STANDS BY PARTY PIEDGBS.
Seistar Tmmn Bids Protected In
terests to Beware.
* Senator Tilman told The State's
correspondent at Washington 'Monday
that although he had received many
requests from various sources to have
-the duty on different -articles In the
tariff bill restored to their former
rates that he proposed to stand by
"This is Wilson's bill," he said,
"futhermore It Is a Democratic bill
through and through and I mean -to
abide by It.
"I would like very much to ,be able
to accommodate those who are try
ing to have former rates restored,
but as I have just said. i mean to
stand by the bill -that the senate and
the finance committee agree upon.
That Is the Democratic way and the
right way as I see It, to look on the
matter and that Is the course I shall
Should be Very Careful
Many women want the marriage
service as used in some churches al
tered by leaving out such portions
that seem to Indicate the inferiority
of women. Certainly such sentences
may well be dispensed with if they do
teach inequality of position in the
home for the true home is that in
which the partnership Is equal and all
the members of the family living in
peace and love. But Insofar as the~
demand for revision may indicate a
desire to loosen the marriage tie it Is
too be deplored. The safety of a na
tion depends not upon wealth or
numbers but upon the family, for It
Is the family and not the Individual
that is the unit of society. Present
tendencies as to the home call for a
strengthening of family ties, not a
loosening, and we had better be very
careful about changing old customs
in the marriage rite. Women have
more to lose by the loosening o.f the
marriage tie than men, and for that
reason they should see to it that no
demand of theirs to change the mar
riage service will tend that way. It
makes very little difference to the
true man what the marriage service
may say, he will always treat his
wife wIth respect and the highest
consideration regardless of It. After
all It depends upon the husband and
wife as to what the home will be.
Looks After Charleston Tard.
Senator 'Tillman called on Secre
tary of the Navy Daniels In person to
back uiy his strong written appeal
sent to the department Saturday in
behalf of'~the Charleston Navy Yard,
which Is having difficulty in keeping
skilled machinists necause other
yards offer them higher wages. The
Senator also urged the department to
send more supervisory officers to
Mistook Acid for Whiskey.
Mistaking a jug of carbolic acid
for whiskey, 3. W. Aldridge, foreman
of a woods camp at Fargo, Ga.. took a
big drink of the poison Monday night
and died a few minutes later in great
agn.m He Is said to have been
MYSTERY IS CLEARED
MAN FOUND MURDERED IN LAN
Body Found Three Weeks Ago Be
lieved to be That of Harry Hyman,
-oung Jewish Peddler.
The Lancaster correspondent of
The News and Courier says Sheriff
John P. Hunter Sunday received a
letter from L. Slesinger, a merchant,
of Bishopville, S. C., making inquiries
concerning the body of the unknown
man found on the banks of Twelve
mile Creek, about three weeks ago,
near Osceola, Lancaster county. The
body was discovered after having
been in the water about ten days.
There was a wound in the head made
by some blunt instrument, and the
verdict of the coroner's jury was that
the deceased came to his death by
the hands of partses unknown and his
body thrown in the creek. The letter
"Sheriff of Lancaster County, Lan
caster, S. C.-Dear Sir: We receiv
ed news concerning a person that was
murdered about fifteen miles north of
Lancaster, and from the information
received from the party, he seems to
think that the description that the
foreman of the jury of inquest gave
him, was H. Hyman, (Harry Hyman
as we all knew him.) This party
H. Hyman-is 21 years old, clean
face, very dark skin for a white man,
rather Indian color, a Jew and
weighs about 135 pounds. He had an
operation last fall on one of his toes
and the nail was taken off. He was
about five feet,-seven inches tall, or
under. If he had any papers on him
or letters that bear his name they are
in the Hebrew language, or if he had
a check-book, this might lead us to
think he was Harry Hyman. How
long had this body been dead and on
what day was it found? If this party
does not answer to the description
and if he was a Jew, please let me
know. Also please inform me when
and where you buried the body.
After receiving the above letter
Sheriff Hunter renewed his efforts to
unravel the mystery. The Governor
has offered a reward of $75 for the
apprehension and conviction of the
guilty parties, and Sheriff Hunter
has personally supplemented this
amount with $25. About two weeks
before the body was discovered Con.
stable John Caskey passed a peddle'
in the road in that neighborhood,
who, he says, fills the description
given by the foreman of the jury of
inquest and -that of Mr. Slesinger.
He asked the man his name, and he
said it was Hyman. 'He also told Mr.
Caskey he was on his way to Lancas
ter to get a license to iddle in this
county. He did not reach Lancaster,
however, as the clerk's books do not
show that any license was granted
to a man by that name.
HOLDS ALIENS TO RANSOM
Mexican Terrorizing Chihuahua by
His Lawless Course.
A dispatch from Chihuahua, Mex
co, says Yacovio Herrera, with 400
followers, is terrorizing the country
near there by demanding ransorn
from foreign residents. He declares
he is opposed especially to Americans.
According to advices Herrera's
band on Sunday entered the town of
Naica and sacked stores and residen
ces, taking prisoner Jose Boxio, an
Italian subject, 'Boxio was released
only after the payment of $2,400.
Later the bandits entered the camp
of workingmen building the Conchos
river dam, demanding $25,000 under
threat of killing the English heads of
the construction works. J. W. Ful
ler the manner, refused and wass tied
to a brace, which Herrera threatened
to send down the mountain. He wn.
offered $5,000, but the bandit Insist
ed that the sum be doubled, which
was done after much parleying.
Then the bandits looted the homes
of the foreign and American work
men, robbing the company stores of
$7,000 in merchandise.
WRECK OF THE HOME.
Liquor Plays the Leading Role in the
Drinking by an overwhelming ma
jority, is the cause of the wrecking
of most homes whose affairs came
under the Chicago court of domestic
relations in the past year. Three
thousand six hundred and ninety
nine cases were heard that year. Fol
lowing are the causes of domestic
trouble as tabulated by Judge Gem
Liquor, 42 per cent.
Immorality, 14 per cent.
Disease, 13 per cent.
Ill temper, 11 per cent.
Wife's parents, 1 per cent.
Married too young, 4 per cent.
Laziness, 3 per cent.
Miscellaneous, 6 per cent.
"More than $150,000 has been col
lected and turned ove to dependent
wives and children dunng the year,"
said Judge Gemmill. "Perhaps the
best feature of the court's record is
that reconciliations have been
brought about in 50 per cent. of the
cases of separation that came before
HURLED TO HIS DEATH.
Met His Death in Trying to Save Life
of His Friend.
At Birmingham. Ala., B. B. Brooks,
a telephone lineman, met a heroic
death in sight of hundreds of baseball
trolley passengers Friday afternoon
when a shock from a live wire hurl
ed him forty feet to the ground,
where his brains were dashed out on
the curbstone. Gilbert Aaron, his
friend, was first shocked unconscious
on top of the pole, but his body
clung to a cross arm. Brooks took
a rope up to rescue him and had tied
it around Aaron's body, passed it
over a cross arm to the crowd below,
when he himself touched the wire.
Aaron is recovering and is not seri
Prisoners to be Released.
After twelve years' confinement in
Mexican prisons, Leslie E. Hulburt,
a lawyer, his brother-in-law, William
Mitchell. and their alleged accom
plice in insurance frauds involving
murder, Dr. Charles H. Harle. of Abi
lene Tear to inbe released.
PLAY IIONCO SAME
WHOLESALE CIVAL SERVICE FRAUlD
IT WILL BE LOOKED INTO
Senator Overman and Others Assert
that Many Government Clerks In
the Department Are Credited to
States They Never Even Visited in
All Their Lives.
That a large number of Govern
ment clerks are on the rolls of the
Civil Service Commission accredited
to states they never saw was emphat
ically declared Saturday afternoon by
dir. Overman and other Senators.
All agreed that this condition must
The Democrats of the Senate, led
by Mr. Overman, started in earnest
after the Civil Service Commission
and the classified service. A disposi
tion was manifested to weed out
many clerks, possibly thousands, now
employed in the various executive de
partments who are alleged to have se
cured their positions by misrepresent
ation. It is also proposed to prevent
the future blanketing into the classi
fied service of employees by any Pres
ident, or the waiving of examinations
by Executive order.
Earlier in the week Mr. Overman
offered a resolution calling on the
Civil Service Commission for a mass
of detailed information covering all
Executive orders since its creation
and the present roster of clerks by
states. The resolution came up for
action Monday afternoon.
Mr. Overman produced a letter
from Gen. Black, President of the
commisson, saying it would be an ex
pensive and endless task to supply
certain portions of the data desired.
Gen. Black dwelt on the matter of
expense, saying a large force of addi
tional clerks would be required and
the cost of printing the list of 297,
472 names would aggregate approx
This anticipation of action by the
Senate greatly irritated Mr. Over
man, who insisted that the "bluff" of
the commission be called at nn matter
what cost. Speaking of t- large
number of persons on tL . a ser
vice rolls accredited to sta. -s in
which it is alleged they never lived
and in some cases never saw, Mr.
"I do not charge fraud, but if half
of what is said concerning the admin
istration of the civil service be true,
there should be a full investigation.
I do not believe it will cost ten cents
a name to furnish the list of clerks;
I think $2,000 as the total cost
would be more nearly correct than
Mr. Overman spoke especially as
to conditions in relation to North
Carolina. What is true of North
Carolina is true of all other states,
said Mr. Smoot. Appl~eations were
filed and affidavits made alleging res
idence in states never seen by those
securing the Government positions,
he asserted. He denounced this as
dishonesty, said It should cease and
the beneficiaries be removed from of
Several Senators expressed horror
at the suggestion that large numbers
of clerks had committed perjury to
obtain their places. That there must
be a thorough hojisecleaning was the
general expression of opinion.
Senator Cummins not only approv
ed all that had .been said but went
further. He desired laws enacted so
that no President could grant exemp
tions from examination or cover
classes Into the service. He thought
that authority never should have
been given, either directly or con
structively. No person should be free
from examination, he declared. He
said the list of employees changed
daily, and he believed It would be of
little value within a brief period after
In order that the Overman resolu
tion might be perfected and made to
accomplish the best results with the
least expense, It was referred to the
Committee on Civil Service and Re
trenchment. It Is the purpose of
Democratic Senators to obtain-all the
information desired from the Civil
Service Commission and carefully ex
amine It. It is planned to base on
the facts disclosed on investigation of
the entire system and the manner of
its administration. The Idea Is that
each Senator, after reviewing the list
of Government clerks from his state.
can pick out those who are not bona
Woman's Best Friend.
The Sumter Herald says: "We see
that the Clarendon medical associa
tion is going to ask the women of
that county to raise funds to be used
for the statue the medicine men of
the State wish to erect to the memory
of Dr. J. Marion Sims. We hope
Clarendon women will refuse, and If
the Sumter doctors make a similar
request we hope the Sumter women
will refuse." The Herald is wrong.
Dr. J. : -.rion Sims devoted his talent
almost entirely to the relief of wo
men. By his discoveries numberless
women the world over were rescued
from a disease worse than death, and
restored to health and happiness. Of
all the people in the world, the ones
that should be most Interested in
erecting a monument to Dr. 3. Marion
Sims should be the women, for whom
the great surgeon did so much. No
more appropriate monument could be
erected than one by the women to
this great and good man.
May Bring Test Case.
The Japanese Cabinet at Toklo re
ported to the Emperor Monday that
President Woodrow Wilson's decis
ion not to interfere with Californian
land ownership legislation makes it
necessary for Japan to present a test
case before the Supreme Court of the
United State, proving that the Ja
panese are not of Mongolian origin
and are, therefore, entitled to citizen
ship in the United States.
New York Gets Big Sum.
New York State will receive be
tween $3,000,000 and $4,000,000 in
inheritance tax from the estate of the
late 3. P. Morgan, according to pre
liminary estimates made by attaches
of the State comptroller's office. The
estimate is based on a report that the
total estate will be about $100,000,
MAY BE APPOINTED SOON.
The Attorney General May Pick th
The Washington correspondent o
The State says Attorney General Mc
Reynolds Friday took up for consid
eration the matter of appointing ;
successor to Ernest Cochran of Sout)
Carolina as district attorney for tha
State. The commission of the latte
will expire February 1, 1914, an
there is considerable interest showy
here In the question as to whethe
Mr. McReynolds will at this time ap
point Francis H. Weston, who ha
been recommended by Senator Smiti
or William J. Thurmond, who ha
the Indorsement of Senator Tillman
or will allow Mr. Cochran to serv
out the remainder .of his term.
The State's correspondent hear(
Friday morning that Mr. McReynold
was ready to take up the case Fri
day. Thereupon the matter was fol
lowed up, and it developed later o:
that this was correct and that he ha(
asked some questions regarding th
matter, which might indicate tha
action would be taken at an earl
date. Mr. McReynolds would mak
no statement concerning the appoint
ment one way or the other, but ther
is no doubt that he gave it seriou
Wanted to Get Right.
Thomas Connelly twenty years ag
committed a burglary that nette
him four hundred dollars. He : )
bed a poor woman of her all, but hi
sin weighed heavily on him. He wa
seventy-two years of age, a raggec
unkempt wanderer, when he died I:
Chicago the other day on his way t
the County Hospital. ,Among hi
canty effects was found a letter to
"For the love of God, father, fin
nna Jane Gallagher of Escabana,
woman with brown hair," he wrott
"I stole $400 and a beautiful praye
book. I sold the juelry and gc
tome goods and started to peddli
.nd I mde money, and now I an
lying and I want to pay back thi
noney, for I sold all her things
only the prayer book-and I saved i
I want to get rite with God. Giv
.ier the money sewn in my clothes."
His old faded clothes were exam
ined and nearly fourteen hundre
lollars was found sewed up in then
A search was made for the woma
nd she was found in Escanaba an
a few days later was given the mone
by the Probate Judge of Cook Count
:o whom it had been given. Beside
the amount he left to Anna Jane Ga
lagher Connelly had in the ban
twenty-five hundred dollars.
Connelly, the thief, wanted to ge
right with God, and to do so b
knew that he had to make restitu
tion. This thing of making restitu
tion is a hard thing to do. but n
one who has wronged another in an
way can ever get right with God unt
he does. God will not pardon ou
sins as long as we have in our pot
session that which does not belong t
us. whether we got It as Connell
did or by shark practice or unfai
means, which may be regarded a
President Wilson Endorsed.
The first indorsement of Presider
Wilson's Administration comes froi
Massachusetts. which Is somewhx
significant. On Tuesday an electio
was held In the thirteenth congre:
sional district of that State to elet
a successor to Congressman Week:
who had been elected to the Unite
States Senate to succeed Senatc
Lodge. The voting resulted in th
election of John H. Mitchell, Dem<
crat, who beat his Republican oppox
ent over four thousand.
Last November the same distric
elected John W. Weeks, Republicax
by over two thousands pluralta
There was a change of several thot
sand votes from the Republicans t
the Democrats since the election I
November. In the district are sea
eral shoe factories, the Walthax
watch factory and many textile fat
tories, which employ thousands C
men. President Wilson's Admini:
tration and the tariff bill now befor
Congress were the chief topics di:
ussed In the campaign.
The returns show that both wer
indorsed by the voters. This Is et
couraging, as it shows that the pec
pe are disposed to give the Dem<
crats a fair chance to work out thel
policies. After the tariff Is adopte
and put in operation the benefit t
the people will be so great from
that we believe they will give th
Democrats a long lease of power. I
the meantime, all loyal Democrat
should hold up. the hands of th
President and the Democrats in Cot
gress in carrying out the promise
made at Baltimore.
Hope It Will Cure.
It is too soon to decide whethe
the "cure' of Dr. F'riedmann is th
success Its discoverer claims o
whether It is a fake as so loudly ax
serted by its detractors. One thin
is certain which is that it is a grea
pity that professional jealousy ha
been aroused. The white plague Is a
destroying that every treatment fo
it when advanced by a reputable phy
sician should at least receive sympa
thetic attention. To be sure, so man
advertised "cures" have prove
worthless that it is no wonder man
medical men have assumed a skepti
cal attitude towards every one wh
professes to have found a certai
remedy. But all the same such
remedy will ultimately be found an
it is not at all Impossible that to Dh
Friedmann may fall the honor o
being the discoverer. Most certainl
it is to be hoped so for consumptio:
is the worst disease the white rac
suffers. The next few weeks wil
probably show whether the distin
guished German physician is success
ful or whether his treatment will b
numbered among the many that hav
failed. In the meantime very pathet
ic are the stories of consumptive
begging piteously that his serum ma:
be given them.
Court Justice Killed.
Justice Henry Bischoff, of the Nes
York State Supreme Court, plunge!
olevn stories down an elevator shaf
to his death Friday afternoon in thi
Emigrant Savings Bank building
whre he had offices. He was near
A Georgia legislator has been plan
ning a measure, the purpose of whic!
Is to get cheaper school books for the
children. This ought to be done il
South Carolina and every Southeri
State. Education should be put with
SPEAKS TO LARGE CROWDS.
& Bryan Talks on the Benefits of Reli
girnn and Training
f Secretary of State Bryan address
- ed two large audiences at Philadel
- phia Sunday on the benefits of reli
gion and the necessity for training
1 the young. At the 'Bethlehem Pres
byterian church, which is celebrating
its 40th anniversary ne cited his be
I liefs and incidents in his own life to
1 prove the value of religious training
E in youth.
"As I look back over my own life,"
3 he said, "I can not find that I have
1 added anything to my moral princi
3 ples since reaching manhood's estate
and in separating the credit I find lit
tle that I can boast of as my own."
Mr. Bryan told his hearers how a
I dislike for swearing, gambling and
3 drinking had been impressed upon
- him by his parents in his early days.
- This dislike, he said, has continued
1 ever since.
I "Gambling," Mr. Bryan declared,
a "is even more demoralizing than
t drink and harder to defeat. The gold
P cure-may take the taste for liquor out
3 of a man, but only God can take the
- cure of gambling out of a man's
5 "American diplomacy is not of that
kind where you have to make a man
drink to deal with him," declared
Secretary Bryan in discussing tem
perance." During my long career, in
cluding more than a quarter of a cen
- tury in active politics there never has
s been one day when I thought it bet
s ter to take a drink of alcoholic liquor
even in moderate degree. In foreign
i lands I have adhered to the same
principle, and I have yet to hear a sin
s gle criticism of my actions eitb't at
i home or abroad."
In his address at the Second regi
i ment armory on "The Making of a
i Man." he urged the necessity of
building moral character upon reli
r gion and a loyalty to Christ and His
S MILLIE CHRISTIN"E DEAD.
Dual Formed Negress Who Has Been
e Seen Here.
The News and Courier says appli
cation was made Tuesday to Judge
Bryan for letters of administration
n of the estate and effects of Millie
Christine, the dual formed negress,
who owned property in Charleston,
and who died recently in North Caro
lina. Because the paper was not
signed by three witnesses, as requir
ed by the laws of South Carolina,
Judge Bryan refused to issue letters.
t Millie Christine was a good exam
e ple of two female individuals having
their bodies connected inseparably
from birth, being joined by a thick
o flesh' ligament from the lower end
v of the breast bone, so that they stood
in an oblique position to each other.
r It is said that (Millie Christine died
. leaving her property willed to her
o sister. The sister, however, died a
few hours later. Such was the death
r of the famous Siamese twins, Eng
s and Cheng, who also lived in North
Carolina. Cheng died in 1874, while
his brother was asleep, and Eng died
a few hours later,
t -Millie Christine was well known
all over the country, having been
t exhibited in every state and almost
every country in Europe. Judge
Bryan, in regard to the Millie Chris
t tine will, has issued notice that the
kindred and -creditors of the deceas
ed appear before can on the 30th to
r show cause why the said administra
e ion should not be granted.
- At one time Millie Christine lived
-in Colleton county just below
Branchville with her manager, a Mr.
t Smith. During one of the carnivals
,held by the city she was on exhibition
.in this city, and was seen by thou
-sands of our people. She was very
affable and' talkead well.
- .KILLED BY THE POLICE.
Atlanta Horse Was Bitten by a Mad
Dog and Goes Mad.
EAn Atlanta dispatch says just as a
variation on the dozens of mad dog
calls police officers have had during
e the last two or three weeks, there
- came a telephone call from 58 TIn
- dali street Wednesday morning, that
a horse, recently bitten by a dog, had
r gone mad and was kicking the stable
i to pieces. When the policeman got
D there he found that the horse was
foaming at the mouth and was so
e wild that nobody, dared enter the
a stall he was in, nor even the stable.
The animal had already kicked the
e stall to pieces and smashed out sever
- al planks in the barn. After tele
phoning the veterinary to make sure
there was no other way, the police
man raised his long barrel 38 in the
sill of the door and put a couple ce!
r bullets in its head.
r People Elect Senators.
-The last State needed to make the
direct election of United States Sen
ators a fact has been secured, and
from now on the people will elect the
Senators and not the different legisla
rtures as has been the custom. The
-struggle has been long and some
-times bitter, but the advocates of di
rect election have made steady ad
vance with the result that the goal is
Sat last reached. It must be admittorl
-that those who have favored the con
Stinuance of the old system have play
1ed into the hands of the other side.
LThe scandals, corruption. and expen
sive delays associated. with the elec
-tion of many senators have disgusted
Sthousands of voters. Then, too, it is
~'justly felt that some men have enter
1ed the senate through the door of
bribery-men who were so inferior
that but for their wealth they could
-not have been chosen.
Boy Was Fatally Hurt.
-At Lancaster Frank McKinney, a
colored boy aged about 15 years, was
Scaught in a shafting at the Wilson &
Nisbet Roller Mills Saturday and fa
tally injured. The boy was attempt
ing to throw on a belt when his cloth
ing caught on a set screw and he was
hurled around the shafting at the
rate of more than 200 revolutions a
Fortune Lost onf Tablet.
Setting aside evidence in the n a
ture of a marriage record cut on a
tablet in a temple in Amoy, China,
the United States Supreme Court.
Monday held Sy Quia, a millionaire
KChinaman of the Phillipines. hari not
been married in China and awarded
all his property to his children by a,
FREE WOOL HELPS
IN NEW YORK WORLD CONMRISS
POINTS OUT BENEFITS
Says it Means Cheaper and Better
Clothes and Asks the Support of
the People in the Assault Made
Upon Privilige in the Halls of Con
In the New York World Congress
man Harrison says free wool means
cheaper and better woollen clothes.
That is why we hope that the people
will uphold President Wilson in his
fight for free wool and against the
great wool and woollen combination.
Free wool would also mean the death
knell of this great combination,
which has for forty years burdened
the American people with extortion
ate taxation. He then goes on to
This combination between the
wool-growers of the West and the
woollen manufacturers of the East
has for the great part of forty years
had votes enough in Congress to keep
the taxes sky high on woollen clothes.
The combination was too strong for
President Taft; he frankly told the
people of the United States that this
combination was powerful enough to
prevent the Republicans in the Payne
Aldrich tariff from lowering the du
ties on woollen clothing.
This admission by President Taft
was fatal to his party. His speech at
Winona, in which he made this frank
and startling announcement of the
power of the combination, admitting
that it was stronger than President
Taft himself and the Republican
Congress, and stronger than the Gov
ernment of the United States, under
Republican rule, caused the people of
our country to take away from these
people the administration of our
country and give it to the Democrats.
Now the Democrats are engaged in
the fight against this same combina
tion. Forty-five years ago the wool
growers of the West and the woollen
manufacturers of the East agreed
that each was to have all the protec
tion asked for through the tariff, and
that the public might be damned.
This alliance is still in force, and we
call upon all good citizens to help
President Wilson and the Democratic
Congress in the fight for free wool.
We are going to succeed where the
Republicans failed. The combination
will not be strong enough to over
throw our determined assault upon
this great stronghold of privilege.
.Manufacturers of woollen cloth in
our country can get only three-fifths
of their wool in the United States;
for the other two-fifths they are
obliged to send to foreign countries
and bring it into the United States
by paying a tariff which adds nearly
half to the cost of the wool.
This has kept many grades of wool
out of the United States entirely. It
has raised the price of such wool as
they could import and has induced
American manufacturars to use sub
stitutes for wool, instead of wool it
self. That is why our manufacturers
so largely use shoddy and cotton sub
stitutes for wool; that is why a
man's suit wilts like a tired plant
when he goes out in the rain; it is
because his suit, although sold as an
all-wool suit, contains a great deal of
inferior material which will not stand
rain or the wear and tear.
Free wool will mean that the
American manufacturer will be at
liberty to make as good woollen
clothes as the manufacturer in other
lands, and that when a man buys a
suit of clothes hereafter as an Ameri
can he will be certain to get a suit
that lasts as long as the foreigner's
suit and is made of just as good
material. That is why the people
should help us In our fight for free
Foreign-Made Clothing Lower.
Our bill proposes a 35 per cent.
rate upon woollen clothing. The Re
publican rate averaged 90 per cent.;
in other words, the Republican tariff
nearly doubled the cost of woollen
clothing brought from abroad and
made a corresponding though not
quite so high a raise in the cost of
woollen clothing here. Our rate of
35 per cent. will permit an American,
If he finds clothes too high-priced in
our country, to buy foreign-made
clothing here under a tariff which
would add only one-third to the cost,
instead of doubling the cost, as the
Republicans made it..a
But it means even more than this.
The Republican 90 per cent. rate
particularly kept out all foreign
clothing: in other words, it was a
prohibitive tariff. There was no use
for the foreigner trying to compete
in our market over such a barrier as
that. He could not pay the duty and
compete with t'.e American clothing
manufacturer. Under our rate he
will have a chance to sell his foreign
made goods here, which will oblige
the American manufacturer to im
prove the quality of his goods and
lower the price.
And this does not mean only the
outser suit. Our bill makes tremen
dous euts in all products of woollen
manufacture, such as underclothes,
stockings, sweaters, caps, hats.
gloves, overcoats, carpets and blan
kets, not to mention all the other
necessaries of life which are made, or
should be made, out of wool.
Take blankets, for example: The
rates in the present law allowed no
reasonable-priced woollen blankets to
come in from abroad. A few import
ations which were attempted proved
at the Custom House that the Repub
lican duty on blankets was 180 per
cent.: our bill makes the duty on
these blankets 25 per cent.
Very few Americans now sleep un
der all-woollen blankets. Our people
have to shiver under blankets made
mostly of cotton or other substitutes.
so that American manufacturers
might charge a higher price for wool
len blankets. Hereafter foreign
blankets can come in and give the
American consumer a chance to pur
zhase the same kind of blankets as
the people of other lands can buy.
The New York Herald has nomi
riated Oscar Unclerwood for president
in 191i on ha tariff bill work. If
e lives the Congressman will be a,
hrd no'n to bed for the nomination
ful and em
THE DEMOCRATS WIN
LECT CONGRESSMAN FROM MAS
John J. Mitchell, Democrat, Elected
to Succeed Republican Who Was
Elected United Senator.
A Boston dispatch says John J.
Mitchell, Democrat, was elected to
Congress from the 13th district
uesday three-cornered contest, in
which tariff discussion figured prom
Mitchell's plurality over Alfred H.
Cutting, Republican, was 4,148. The
vote for Norman H. White, Progres
sive, fell 3,200 short of that for Cut
Tuesday's special election was
necessary on account of the election
of former Congressman John W.
Weeks to be United States Senator.
In the election last November Mr.
Mitchell, who was successful Tues
day, was defeated by Mr. Weeks by
The total vote Tuesday was; Mit
chell, 12,991; Cutting, 8,843; White,
5,678. The vote last November
stood, Weeks, Republican, 15,934;
Mitchell, Democrat, 13,583; Flel,
The tariff, and recently the Under
wood bill, were practically the only
topics debated in the campaign. All
three candidates, and their support
ers on the stump placed their views
on the different schedules before the
shoe workers of Marlboro, the watch
makers of Waltham, the texile oper
atives in the small towns and the
home dwellers in the residential sec
A Washinton dispatch says news
of the election of'another Democratic
congressman from Massachusetts was
received by President Wilson with
keen satisfaction. A bulletin an
nouncing the result came while the
President was at a theatre. He left
his box long enough to send this
message to Mr. Mitchell: "I very
heartily congratulate. you on your
Democratic leaders regarded the
election of a Democrat in Massachu
setts just at this time, when the
tariff bill with its reductions in pro
tctive duties on New England pro
ducts Is under consideration,. as pe
SUFFERS SERIOUS IJURY.
Florence Man is Attacked by a Bold
Duck Anderson, a well known cit
izen of Florence community, was as
saulted brutally on one of the most
traveled highways of the State about
noon Thursday. He had left the city,
having in his possession some money,
how much Is not known, but evident
r enough to tempt some bandit to
attack him. He was struck on the
nose and mouth, and was horribly
cut. The attack was made with a
piece of .board, whicn was picked up
near where he fell. Evidently the
man who attacked him went off with
out robbing him. Mr. Anderson was
left for dead in the middle of the
road on the Jeffrys Creek causeway,
not two miles from the city. He
was found there by J. W. Cary, a very
short while after he was struck, and
Mr. Cary revived him enough to learn
that he had been attacked. He
carried the stricken man into the
city for medical attention and- he is
now at a local infirmary.
Died Not in Vain.
Quite frequently people who meet
death in some great disaster like
these of the great floods that played
havoc in Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and
other states, and the wind and fire
that devastated Omaha, die vicari
ously. While it is not true that
every disaster Is due to the negli
gence of men, very often it is. One
has but to recall the Iroquois theatre
fre, the fire in the Collinwood school
in Ohio, the General Slocum steam
boat disaster, the explosion and fire
in the Cherry mine in Illinois, and
the sinking of the Titanic to realize
the truth of this statement.
In all probability not one of those
catastrophies would have occurred
ifproper attention had been given to
safeguard human irres, but those
safeguards were not taken and as a
result thousands of precious lives
were sacrificed. Yet they did not die
in vain, for the horrors of It all led
to proper steps being taken to pre
vent any recurrence of such trage
.ees. Such catastrophies will hardly
happen again soon because of the
erible loss of life that occurred in
these that did happen, which put peo-'
e eon their guard to prevent them in
Travel on the ocean is much safer
ice the Titanic sank last April with
aearly two thousand souls. Theatres
and schools, coal mines and excur
oonboats are not now the traps they
eee before the above mentioned dis
ttrs took place. Therefore in a
rrereal sense those people died that
ters might live. Pity it is that
cety needs such ghastly lessons to
oect itself. It ought not so to be,
dndwill not when men fully realize
hat human life is more sacred than
-pperty, and act accordingly. We
-e glad to say that time seems to be
Drowned in Escaping.
At South Dayton. 0.. Chas. S. Por
r. his wife and six children were
one while attempting~ to escape
'rnitheir wrecked home. The wagon
w hich they were being conveyed
. aplace of safety overturned and
PAID HIM TO HELl
SIFARS GOVERNOR'S NEGRO 'OR
TER 60T FEE
FOR PAROLE OF HER SON
Anna Blair, a Colored Woman, Pro.
duced Receipts for Ten Dollars
Signed by John W. Gilliam, Who is
the Negro Porter in Governor
The Columbia correspondent of
The News and Courier says Anna
Blair, colored, mother of Willie Blair,
paroled Saturday by Governor Blease
from the Richland County chain
gang, declared to two detectives of
the Columbia police department--S.
S. Shorter and James E. Ford-that
she had paid money to John Gilliam,
colored porter in the Governor's of
flee, in accepting his proposition to
help her get a pardon for her son.
According to the story that the
Blair woman related in talking about
the matter, she said she called at the
office of the Governor and told Gil
liam that she was seeking a pardon
for her son, and - that Gilliam
replied that he would help her
for money, advising her not to waste
money in employing a lawyer. Being
anxious to get her son off the gang,
the woman said she paid Gilliam $10
and exhibited receipts of which the
following are copies:
(Written on a Western Union Night
received of anner blair 5 dollars to
give James Bragman.
John W. Gilliam.
Columbia, 3, 1913
Received of Anner Blair 5 dollars.
John W. Gilliam.
So far no action has been taken
against Gilliam by the police or other
authorities. The woman asked the
police to help her get hor .money
back. She called at headquarters
Anna 'Blair lives at 414 Blanding
street. Willie Blair, her son, was
convicted in General Sessions Court.
at the September term and sentenced
to serve one year for the stealing of a
In taking executive -action in
Blair's case and granting him a pa
role during good behavior, April 12,
1913, Governor Blease made the fol
lowing written comment.
"Willie Blair, (colored).
"Convicted at the September, 1910,
term of Court for Richland County
of larceny of a bicycle, and sentenced
to one year imprisonment upon the
public works, or- In the State Pen!
"A petition was presented, signed
by several people, and' accompanied
by the following letter from Hon. W.
Hampton Cobb, solicitor:
" 'Columbia, S. C., April 12, 1913.
"'His Excellency, Governor Cole
L. Blease, Columbia, S. C.-Dear Sir:
This boy, Willie 'Blair, pleaded guilty
to stealing a bicycle. The property
was turned over to the authorities by
the -boy's mother, who has impressed
me as being a good, responsible col
" ' rIs only a boy in his teens,
and his eohave assured me tha~t
if he is given a c hat he will
go to work and keep ou~trOable
in the future. I, therefore, recom
mend a parole during g~od behavior.
(Signed) "'W. Hampton Cobb,
"Upon this showing the defendant
was paroled, during good behavior,
April 12, 1913."
When shown a copy of the receipts
Anna Blair alleges she received from
John W. Gilliam, a negro porter at
the Governor's oflce and at the Man
sion. Governor Blease made an In
vestigation of the matter and illicit
ed the following facts:
Gilliam claims that Anna Blair for
some time has been getting her meale
from his family without paying for
them; that she approached him In
the endeavor to secure a pardon for
her son, who was convicted in the
Richland County Court for stealing a
bicycle, and that he promised to help
without asking for renumeration.
He also told the Governor that he
had secured the services of another
negro, James Bragman. to circulate
the petition; that he told Anna Blair
she would have to pay 'Bragman $5
for his services. This she agreed to
do. Gilliam claims that he only col
lected $5, which he turned over to
Bragman; that his services were giv
Governor Blease said the petition.
did not influence him in granting the
parole to the negro boy Blair Satur
day; but that the letter from Solici
tor Wade Hampton Cobb was the
cause of his action.
Shoots Woman and Himself.
At Goldsboro, N. C., Cleveland
Prince, a Wayne County farmer. Mon
day shot and killed Mrs. May Carter
Lomax, wife of a railroad baggage
master, and then committed suicide.
Mrs. Lomax was confined to her bed
in a hospital as the result of injuries
sustained in an automobile accident
while riding with Prince and others.
Killed in Street Car Collission.
At Jacksonville. Fla., W. A. B.
Woorley was killed Tuesday night in
a head on collission with a street car.
It is said Worley was travelling at a
fast rate of speed and in some man
ner lost control of his steering gear
and crashed into the trolley. He was
a prominent automobile dealer.