Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVII MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY. ARIL 80. 191 NO.43
I MDE HIM 111115
MIS JUSTIEE NOODS FOR FED
Appointment Gives General Satisfac
Ukm-Was Endorsed by Both Sena
tors and Al the Members of Con
ess Prom South Carolina-Grad
.Ae of Wogord College.
The Washington correspondent o:
The State says when President Wil
eon sent the nomination of Charles A
Woods of Marion, associate justice o:
--thSouth Carolina supreme court, t<
the senate Thursday afternoon foi
confirmation as to the successor tc
Nathan Goff, Judge of the Fourtl
United States circuit court, there wa
general satisfaction expressed therj
mot only by South Carolinians whc
kUew Justice Woods, but by others
who know of his high standing and
Of the members of the South Caro
Ina delegation in congress who have
spoken for Justice Woods there war
but one opinion-that the presideni
could not possibly have made a better
or more satisfactory appointment
They have worked for him from the
start and never ceased to believe that
he would receive the Indorsement of
President Wilson, as the matter ter
minated Thursday, when his nomina
- tie was made public.
Senators Smith and Tillman said
little to make public re
gjarding the . matter, since Justice
Woods was so well and favorably
nown that anything they might add
-1ould be unnecessary. It is agreed
that the president- has made an ex
,Charles Albert Woods was born at
yringsleld, Darlington county, July
3. 1852. His father was Samuel
a1zander Woods and his mother
Mrs. Martha Jane DuBose Woods.
-Justice Woods' childhood was
-spent in Darlington. In the fall of
1868 he entered Wofford college,
from which institution he was gradu
ated in 1872. -Having decided upon
tlie law as . a profession,. Justice
Woods began to prepare himself for
: the bar while teaching school at Wee
:ey Chapel school house, near Dar
tlngton. At the end of June of that
(ea 8 ( .8 e'entered the lawoMce
&Dargan where he..pros
legal studies. In Septem
, he was admitted to theaher.
Be-thed took up his residencett Dar
bgton'for the practice of law. Th
1875 he formed a partnership with
Capt. McIver, later chief justice of
the supreme court of South Carolina,
to practice at Marion. From the
time of Justice McIver's elevation to
the bench in 1877 until February,
1903, Justice Woods practiced law at
Marion. He attained distinction in
ai profesuionl and built up a large
and remunerative practice.
Ia 1909 Justice Woods was elect
edto-fl11 the unexpilred term of Asso
daste Justice Y. J. Pope, who was
elected chief justice. He was re,
*elected in 1904 for the full term o1
eight years and again re-elected In
1912 for the full term, of 10 years,
-the tenure of office having been ex
tended by the legislature.
Justice Woods was married Is
December, 1884, to Miss Salley' 3.
Wannamalke of Orangeburg County.
Through all his life a busy man
and greatly engrossed with the prac
tice of law, Justice Woods has never
theless found time for the cultiva
tion of the humanites. He has al
a~aorau~iet in educa
tional affairs and for a number of
'~-years served as trustee of Wixnthrois
--college.' He Is now a trustee of Wof
ford college, his alma mater.
In 190 he was ung.nimously co
en president of the University ol
,,-South Carolina, then the South Caro
lins college. This honor he declined
saying with characteristic modest
-that his training had not been such
as-to qualify him for such a responsi
. Justice 'Woods was presIdent o1
the South Carolina Bar association iz
1902. The degree of IL. D. has bees
conferred upon Justice Woods bI
both Woffo-i and the University o1
South Carolina. Justice Woods ha!
frequently been requested to maki
addresses upon occasions of pubhii
interest. By special Invitation he de
livered an address at the Universit:
of Wisconsin in April, 1911.
Of his qualifications for office Gen
U. R. Brooks, clerk of the suprem'
court, who has had the opportunity o:
observing many lawyers and judges
says in his South Carolina Bench an<
"Justice Woods combines many at
tributes of the .great judge. Hi:
nowledge of legal principles Is boti
accurate and profound, his sense o
justice acute and refined, and his ad
ministration of the Iaw fearless an'
Impartial. Every case that comes t
him Is examined with most painstak
-ing care, so conscientious is he, an'
'such his conception of his high office
but when his mind Is once made u:
he marches straight to the goal, seeb
ing to establish his conclusions bot1
by reason and by authority. In pr~
paring his -opinions he takes nothin
for granted -but leaves no stone us
turned In' his endeavor to suppor
reason' by authority and precedeni
Three cardinal principles of composi
ton--clearnless. force and brevity
he ever keeps In mind. A clear, com
cse statement of the facts and is
sues, -sa powerful, convincing argt
menit full enough to make each pois
perfectly plain, yet without unnecef
sary prolixity, characterizes a stron
judicial opinion, and to suchb a hig
standard those of Justice Woods wi
be foiinti admirably to conform. H
has the' happy faculty of expressin
himself well in pure, idiomatic Eng
uish his styl being lucid and perspit
BODIES HID IN CELLAR
WOMAN TELLS POLICE WHY SHE
PUT THEM THERE.
Says Mother Made Her Promise Be
fore She Died Not to Give Body to
A queer case was brought to light
in St. Louis, Mo., when the bodies of
Mrs. Ernestine Kommichau and her
daughter, Selma, were unearthed
Wednesday afternoon in the base
ment of a building at 2412 South
Broadway, Marie Kommichau, anoth
er daughter confined in the City Hos
pital with a broken leg, is under ar
rest and will be held pending an in
vestigation. The three women occu
pied the house three months ago.
Three weeks ago, Marie said, her
sister had died and the mother had
taken the body to Illinois for burial.
Albert Stuhr, owner of the build
ing, visited the premises and reported
the peculiar odor to the authorities.
Detectives located the newly made
grave and the bodies were found par
tially encased in concrete.
"Before my mother died, she made
sister and me promise that we would
not take her body out of the house,
so the undertakers could get her,"
said Miss Kommichau. "We had no
doctor for her-there has not been a
doctor In our house for ten years,
and a good doctor could have done
mother no good.
"I put her body in a showcase,
which we took from the notion store,
and poured plaster of paris around
the glass cracks to keep the air out.
We kept the showcase containing the
body upstairs in a rear 'room. No
one knew for none of the neighbors
had paid any attention to mother and
they did not inquire about.her.
- "When sister -died, I knew that peo
ple would ask about her, and if they
found out I was keeping her body
they would ask about mother, too.
So- I told the neighbors that mother
had died and that selma had taken
her to Illinois for burial.
"Then I took both bodies into the
basement. I laid them on the base
ment floor and poured plaster paris
and cement over them."
Marie said that she needed help in
removing the body of her mother
from the showcase and called in a
German woman who was.passing the
store and whom she never saw before.
"She was clumsy," continued
Marie, "and was no help. I told her
she needn't mind about staying. I
never saw her agamn and I don't
know whether she ever told any one."
Marie said that one man, Adam
Allmeroth, living in the city, knows
of the deaths.
"He is a very religious man," said
Marie. "He has called on us now and
then for a long while. He said pray
ers over mother's -body and bver sis
ter's body. I don't think he knew the I
bodies were buried in the basement,
for I don't remember of ever telling
Marie asked the police not to allow
the bodies of her mother and sister
to be removed from-the house. Mrs.
Ernestine Kommichaui was 79 years
old and Selma 50 years. Marie is
The bodies were so disintegrated
that identification was difficult.
From the neck of each was suspend
ed a crusifli. At the feet of each
was i porcelain urn of the kind some
times used to hold holy oil. The
graves were decorated with two small
cedar trees, a wire cross anid a mus
sel shell. Under the corpses was a
layer of quicklime.
THE "GOUFFRE" OF HAYTI.
Strange Sounds That Seem to Come
From a Great Depth.
The island of Hayti, which is sit.
uated in .a neighborhood where the.
earth is in a continual state of trem
or, is visited by a peculiar earthquakej
sound which is locally called the
"gouffre". The region of the "gouf
fre" is In the mountain range of La
Selle, which is about 7,000 feet high,
and which unstable still, gives much
evidence of past volcanic .activity.
The sounds are apparently the same
as those accompanying noticeable
earthquakes, and the name "gouffre"
is applied to both.
Its noise extends sometimes over
-periods of weeks and the vicar or
croix des Bouquets, fifteen miles
-torth of the mountain range, gives
-he -following description of it:
" During the day the sound was heard.i
-'rom the southeast and seemed to
ome from a great depth. It was like
i deep roaring and then at times like
he howling of a dog. From time to
ime,jt stopped with a hollow boom
-vhch might be taken for a distant
"During the night it was different.
lthough the sound came from a dif
ferent direction; there was a perfect
tumult, rumbling thunder, howling
and a sound like the rushing of a
-strong wind. There was no wind.
however. Sometimes one heard all
the noises at once. Generally, and
-above all, from 7 to 10 o'clock at
night, the sound ended with a loud
detonation much stronger than in the
Sday, followed by a long echo. Then
-again would be heard an outburst
Sthat cannot be imagined. It was as
-if a mountain of glass were shattered
Sand the noise echoed in all directions.
-At time it seemed as if one could
thear the roar of surf, or even the I
dead thud of objects falling, such as
-blocks of stones rolling down preci
- uos, though plain and without orna
- ment of any kind.
"Personally Justice Woods Is one
- of the most lovable of men. It has
Sbeen said that 'honors change man
Sners', but not so In this case. He is
1the same to-day that he was when he
ewas admitted to the bar thirty-odd
Syears ago--kind and courteous to
every. ne, yet dignified and unassum
GRAND PARADE THE FEATURE Of
THE LAST DAY
CROWDS CHEER HEROES
Hundreds of Old Soldiers, Accom
panied by Sons of Veterans, Spon
sors and Maids, Tramp to Strains
of Martial Music.-Anderson Se
lected for Next Year's Reunion.
A special dispatch from Aiken to
The State says in the Thestone thea
tre Wednesday morning, with a stage
profusely 'decorated with tattered
banners and battle-scarred relics of
the '60's, the annual reunion of South
Carolina division, United Confederate
Veterans, o.fficially opened at Aiken.
Seated on the stage of the theatre,
when the literary exercises began,
were numbers of official ladies and
the Daughters of the local chapter,
in addition to a number of distin
guished men, Including Gen. U. R.
Brooks, historian and orator; Gen. C.
Irvine Walker, honorary commander
in-chief of all the surviving forces of
the Confederacy; Col. D. S. Header
son, ex. Gov. John C. Sheppard, (Maj.
Gen. Hammet Teague, who is com
mander of the South Carolina divi
sion and others.
The ushers were unavoidably slow
In seating the 1,500 or more people
who filed into the theatre, and it was
not until 10:30 o'clock-30 minutes
Late-that the curtain went up and
the exercises began, with Capt. C. K.
Henderson, commander of the Bar
iard E. Bee camp of Aiken county
reterans, presiding at the prelimin
As the curtain rolled up the band
was playing a medley of old Southern
irs and war tunes, merging into
The Bonnie Blue Flag" as the cur
ain raised. This brought forth shout
tfter shout but the demonstration
was not in the least degree compar
ble with that which burst forth
rom a thousand throats when the
)and struck "Dixie".
The presiding officer then sounded
is gavel for order and an invocation
was ordered by the division chaplain,
ieut. Col. F. 0. S. Curtis, D. D., of
The first speaker was Herbert E.
lyles, mayor of Aiken, who delivered
general address of welcome to
liken, assuring the visitors that
iken deemed it a signal honor and
3 peculiar pleasure to have them
here. He expressed, too, the hope
;hat they would remain longer in
liken than did Col. Kilpatrick when
1e encountered there, in 1865, the 4
ighting men of Joe Wheeler. This
)rought applause of appreciation and 1
n understanding laugh.
Welcoming the veterans was Col. I
)aniel S. Henderson of this city. His 4
ntroduction-or rather his presenta
:ion, for he is known all over thue C
tate-brought forth shouts and
~heers. Filled with the appeal of his
.rresistible eloquence, the welcome of
3o1. Henderson was signally impres
5ive. When he had finished his re-I
arks Gen. U. R. Brooks introduced
resolution thanking Gen. Bennett i
f. Young, commander-in-chief of the
Ionfederacy, for his selection of Col. 1
lenderson to deliver the annual ora- 1
ion af the Chattanooga reunion. The
~eeolution continued by commendingi
:he wisdom of Gen. Young's selec
:ion. The resolution received a:
rompt second, and, by- rising vote,
was unanimously adopted.
The address of welcome to thei
3ons of Veterans and their lady at-1
Lendants was delivered by Haddon1
Then, as commander of the divi
slon, Gen. Teague was tendered thei
gavel and formally assumed official
charge of the further sessions of the
Responding to the several address
s of welcome was Col. W. H. Ed
wards of Chester. He thanked Aiken
for Inviting them there." When1
everywhere else we were neglected."
He said that they had all heard of]
:he charms of Aiken, but that she was
truly more charming than had ever
been depicted to the outside world,
concluding with profuse assurances
to the effect that:
"In the future this will be a green
spot in the hearts of us all."
The auunal orator of the occasion
was John C. Shepard of Edgefield, a
former governor of South Carolina,
md still actively identified with the
d airs of the commonwealth. His in
troduction elecited vociferous ap
Mr. Sherpard spoke without any
anuscript. At all times a speaker
f most distinctive ability, he sur
passed himself, is the outspoken
opinoin of all who ever heard him
speak. It teemed with the wisdom
of the statesmen of old who made
South Carolina's history a record of
successive glorious acnievements. It
burned with the fires of patriotism.
throbbed with veneration and rever
ence, love and care for the survivors
of the Confederacy, and was aflame
with the fires and traditions of the
Many times was the speaker In
terrupted with applause provoked by
his utterances, and as he mesntioned
the leaders of the War Between the
Sections, the resultant cheers, were
Mipressive mainifestations of the fact
that their~ deeds and their worth are
still fresh in the memnories of their
comrades as in the days of war.
The mention of Robert E. Lee's name
references to Wade Hampton. Nathan
Bedford Forrest and others acted
like magic upon the assembled peo
ple, and cheer after cheer mounted
The speaker concluded amid a
whirlwind of prolonged applause,
which was follotved by the introduc
tion of Gen. C. Ivine Walker, who
was most cordially and heartily re
ceived by his comrades.
The governor of South Carolina
made a short speech.
Second Days Reunion.
The grand parade at Aiken Thurs
day afternoon with probably 1,000
Confederate Veterans, sons of Vet
erans, officers and lady attendants
marching in review to the stirring
strains of Bearden's big Augusta
Band, might be said to have practi
cally brought to a close the 1913
Reunion of the South Carolina divi
sion, United Confederate Veterans, in
session there Wednesday and Thurs
However, the Reunion did not offi
cially terminate until the conclusion
of the grand ba.l, given Thursday
evening at the Titanian Hall, in com
pliment to the visiting ladies. Fill
ing in to some extent the rapidly de
pleting ranks were newcomers, here
for that social function.
With one accord visitors express
ed regret at having to leave Aiken,
and on every hand are heard com
ments lauding Aiken for her hospi
table entertainment of the Reunion
guests. The next Reunion will be
held at Anderson, the only city in
the State to make a bid for the Con
The dramatic entertainment at the
Thestone theatre Wednesday even
ing was a pronounced success. It
was preceded by the formal presen
tation of the official ladies of the Re
union, and the introduction of each
individual was heartily and most cor
The three act drama, entitled "In
Dixie", scored a decided hit, and
ias been given praise seldom bestow
.d upon amateur theatricals. The
;rand climax, or finale of the third
ct, was very spectacular, when, as
ipton Winton, a drummer boy in the
Confederate army, Master Croft,
houting that he wasn't whipped and
leclaiming "three cheers for the Con
'ederacy now and forever!" leaped
ipon a table and began to wave the
stars and Bars as a "Dixie" chorus
:ircled the stage. Miss Clio Rothrock
rery beautifully sang the verses,
while all on the stage joined in the
:horus, and amid shout after shout
tnd resounding cheers, the curtain
During one of the intermissions
xen. Teague, commander of the f
south Carolina division, sang, "I'm
tn Old Time Confederate" and "The
)ld Time Religion," and brought the
iouse to its feet. C
At another intermission, Miss Ella
3roft recited "The Jacket of Grey."
the recitation is one of the most c
>eautiful literary after-pieces of the T
war, and Miss Croft recited it most ,
The Veterans and Sons of Vet
rans held their business sessions e
ednesday morning, the former in
he theatre, the latter in the Titanian
1a4, new and routine business being E
When it came time for election of t
>fficers, Gen. B. Hammett "eague c
was placed in nomination for re-elec- a
ion as commander of the division.
en. U. R. Brooks took the chair and c
)y acclamation, the division's belov- t
,d commander was re-elected.
Gen. Teague's resumption of the Y
hair was received with prolonged ap-.
lause, to which he r'mponded most
~raciously, thanking his comrades
or the honor, and assuring them that
then they thought he had outlived
is period of usefulness. he would
nst cheerfully relinquish the office
.o some other.
At the suggestion of some one thatr
he Convention consider the place of
he next State Reunion, Col. Reed, of t
~nderson, presented to the Conven
ion a most hearty inviltation from
he Electric City to make that place f
Reunion headquarters next spring.
rhe invitation was received and ac
oepted with many cheers. In thank- I
ng Anderson for her invitation, Gen.i
J. R. Brooks stated that he was con-e
ident that Anderson would .be equal
:o the occasion ad entertain the Vet- t
~rans right royally, but never any
lace more royally than Aiken. t
He then took occasion to pay a
nst glowing tribute to Aiken, prais-1
*ng the citizens for their hospitalIty
iand kindness, extolling her many
eauties and declaring that it matter-1
ad not where future Reunions mightt
at held; none would ever eclipse the
ye of 1913 held in Alken, This dec
araton provoked happy applause
rm the Aikenites sitting about the
While these business sessions were
n the visiting ladies were taken in
ntomobiles for a tour of the city
tnd surrounding country. They were
very much pleased with the beauty of
the country, and were most extrava
gant in their praise of this section of
hNursday afternoon at 5:30 o'clock
was formed the column for the grand1
parade and review, Lieut. Jas. H.
Hawkins acting as chief marshal for
the occasion: Capt. J. M. Richardson
and Mr. L. C. Boone, assistants.
The column formetd, dressing to
the left, with head stationed at the
southwest corner of Main and Barn
well streets, facing east. First came
the police corps of the city of Aiken,
followed by the parade marshals on
horseback. Third was Gen. Teague
and his staff, with the official ladies.
Fourth came the Veterans, followed
by the Sons of Veterans, the rear be
ing brought up by the Boy Scouts.
At the order to march the column
doubled upon itself, twice executing
the column right, and proceeded
down Main street to the northeast
corner of Miain and Park avenue,
there executing column left and con
tinuing to the park of the Confeder
ate monument, where 'were aligned
the Daughters and school children to
distribute flowers and laureis to the
Veterans. Circling the park the for
mation marched in review before a
stand erected for the occasion and
occupied by Gen. C. Irvine Walker
and others. The formation was then
The parade was the most impres
sive and spectacular feature of the
Reunion. Through long lanes of
cheering people, slowly moving vehi
cles and waving banners, with show
ers of bouquets, the Veterans proudly
DIED IN THE MINE
EXPLOSION KLLLS ONE HUNDRED
OR MORE MEN
NOT VERY MANY ESCAPE
Rescue Squad of the United States
Bureau of Mines Located Bodies
of the Victims and Brought Seven
ty of Them to the Surface by Mid
The lives of 100 miners, possibly
120, paid the toll shortly after noon
Wednesday of a disastrous explosion
[n the Cincinnati mine of the Monon
gahela River Consolidated Coal and
Coke Company at Finleyville, Pa.
Dver three score of workmen in the
nine made thrilling escapes, crawl
ing most of the time on their hands
md knees through deadly gas fumes
mnd over debris.
Preparations are being made. to
candle the dead. Box cars have been
)rdered to a mine siding. The vic
:ims probably will be taken from the
nine at daylight and shipped at once
:o Monongahela City, where they are
:o be prepared for burial.
At 9 o'clock Wednesday night res
:uing parties coming from the mine
ere of the belief that all the en
omberd men were dead.
The force of the explosion was ter
ific. A fifteen-ton motor was turn
,d over. Many feet of mine track
were twisted and ripped from the
The mine is aflame. Rescue work
s being carried on with difficulty,
>wing to the fire and deadly fumes.
Che coal company maintains- a rescue
orps patterned after mine force of
he United States Government. Aid
rom the Federal mining experts, it
s said, was declined by the coal com
Only a few of the miners who
eached the surface could talk. Suf
ering from burns or fright the min
rs only knew that an explosion had
ccurred and that a large number of
nen are either killed by the explosion
r asphyxiated by the after damp.
Several hours after the explosion
even foreign miners crawled from
ne of the entrances. All were se
'ously burned. They could give no.
onnected account of conditions in
he mine.' They also said the mine
s full of dead. Relatives and friends
if the, miners beneath the earth art.
Many of them had to be restrain
d. After a time a guard was placed
ompetely around the entrances to
he mine and all persons except res
uers and mine officials were held at
A gas explosion is thought to have
aused Wednesday's disaster, altho
his fact has not been exactly deter
nined. Fire damp, it is said, may
ave been responsible. Of the known
ead all are Americans. The explo
on occurred -between No. 1 and No.
right entries, 3,000 feet from the
nouth of the mine. A. V. 'Brown,
ssistant mine foreman, stated that
79 men went to work in the mine
VednesdIay morning. Of the 179 men
who entered the mine for work Wed
esday, 38 made their escape through
hat is known as the Mingo entry of
he mine, and 38 or 40 miners also
scaped through the Courtney entry.
t least 100 men are unaccounted
Robert Carten, a track-layer, who
scaped Wednesday night told the
ollowing story: I had been work
ng at the head of No. 16 entry. after'
ating lunch I resumed work at 12:36
Lnd had driven only two spikes when
he explosion occurred. The concus
ion knocked me down and I was un
onscious for fifteen minutes. Oth
rs quickly arrived where I was. Fol
owed by about twenty-five men 1
tarted down No. 8 Motor road, one
f the main roads of the mine. We
mad not gone far before we found
here was so much smoke we coula
;o no further. We tried No. 7 Motor
-oad and found this also choked with
moke and debris. Less than 100
*eet in No. 16 entry we found our
vay blocked. We turned back and
mad penetrated No. 15 entry some
listance when we were again blocked
"I found a hole at the top of the
lebris. I crawled through this on
ny stomach for a distance of 200
eet and the others followed. Finally
reached No. 4 Motor road, which
ras clear. I could not hear those
ehind. After a time I reached the
"Later the other men reached the
pening. All were ill and dazed on
iccount of fumes."
LEAVES THE STAGE.
)eath of Hecr Children Causes Change
in Her Life.
Isadora Duncan, thei dancer, grief
tricken over the death of her two
hildren and their nurse who were
rowned Saturday when the automo
bile in which they were riding plung
d into the Seine at Paris, said, in
able advices, to have definitely an
ounced her decision to retire from
:he stage and devote the rest of her
life to the care of the poor and sick
is a hospital nurse. It is said that as
soon as she has recovered from the
hock she will leave for the field of
military operation in the Balkans and
oin the Bulgarian Red Cross.
While final preparations were be
ing made to "shoot" an oil well near
Nowata. Okla., late Wednesday L.
E. Miller dropped the charge of nitro
srlycerine to the floor of the derrick.
As a result of the explosion which
followed Miller is dead, John Hop
kins. a machinist, lost both his arms,
-an a laborer was prohably fatally
HONORED IN GERMANY
TRIBUTE TO THE GENIUS OF DR
3. MARION SDIS.
Who Was the First American Physi
cian Ever Consulted by the Royaltl
of the Old World.
The New York Sun says it is grat
ifying to note that the day on which
the pioneer of gynecology saw the
fight has -been remembered in thai
severely scientific nation, Germany.
The great regard in which men whc
have accomplished things for the
world's betterment are held in that
country has contributed materially tc
the renown and prosperity of its peo
ple. Our republican simplicity has at
times revolted at what is euphemistic
ally called hero worship.
It is a significant fact, nevertheless,
that the achievements of its citizens
are the most valuable assets of a
country. Regarded even in this un
sentimental light the courage and
genius of our J. Marion Sims in orig.
.mating an entirely new branch of
surgery deserve to be commemorated
and to be held up to the present gen
eration as an example for emulation.
Dr. J. Marion Sims, a native of
Lancaster, S. C., emigrated to Mont
gomery, Ala., in order to enlarge his
field of practice. There he devised a
method of surgical procedure for the
repair of serious injuries which in
that preantisentic day was made pos
sible only by the substitution of the
silver suture for the silk suture. So
fruitful was this and other work of
Dr. Sims for the welfare of suffering
women that his fame spread to Eu
rope, and he was the first American
physician consulted by royalty.
Those whose happy privilege it was
to know this grand man personally
were not surprised that he rapidly
became the valued adviser of the
nobility. In him were discered all
those elements of character which
are the attribute of true nobility;
simplicity almost childlike, sympathy
almost feminine, courtesy without os
tentation; the charming manner, the
kindling eye, the cordial handgrasp
bespoke a great soul, as did his deft
ness betoken the great surgeon.
The 1Iuenchner Medizinische Wo
chenschrift in a recent issue publish
ed an excellent portait of Dr. Sims
with an appreciative sketch of his
life, concluding- that "America is en
titled to honor in the history of op
erative gynecology. The names of
Me-Dowell, Nott, Battey, Emmet,
Bozeman, Edebohis and Kelly will
be -known for all time, but none
shines with such lustre- as the name
of J. Marion Sims."
- THE LAW AS TO FISH.
When and When Not to Catch Fish
in this Part of State.
For the purpose of classification
the following fish shall be known as
game fish, viz Jack-fish or pickerel,
pike black ,bass or pond trout, striped
bass or rock fish, warmouth, red
belly, robbin, beam, copper-face or
ball-faced beam, banded beam, red
fin trout or yellow perch, rain-bow
trout, speckled trout, flyer, crappie,
rock bass, goggle eye and white
Hereafter no person or persons
shall cast, draw fasten or otherwise
make use of any seine or drift net,
fike net of any other description, or
use any other applicances for the
catching of game fish in -the waters
of this State other than privately
owned ponds or lakes except hook
and line angl ordinary fly, or by .phan
tom minnow, or by artificial bait,
between the - first day of April and
the first day of November of each
Provided, That in the counties of
Bamberg, Berkeley, Clarendon, Colle
ton , Dorchester and Williamsburg
the close season shall be between
the first day of April and the first
day of August of each year. For
violation of this section, the party so
violating sihall be fined twenty ($20.
00) dollare or imprisoned (30)
thirty days for each offense:
Provided, that this section shall
not apply to such person or persons
as are catching game fish with a net
or other appliances for the purpose of
stocking a pond or other streams not
for commercial- purposes: Provided
that in the counties of Bamberg, Ber
keley, Clarendon, Colleton, Dorches
ter and Williamsburg fish may be
Provided, also that any or all per
sons engaged in the catching of fish
for the purpose of stocking a pond or
stream must notify the nearest game
warden or magistrate of his or their
purpose to so catch the fish: Pro
vided, also That no game fish shall
be sold during the months of April,
Provided, further, That this shall
not prohibit the catching of any kind
of fish In a private pond not erected
on a navigable stream In any manner
by the owner of such pond or by per
mission of owner at any season of
Wilson Has Narrow Escape.
President Wilson and his yougest
daughter, Eleanor, narrowly escaped
accident while automobiling when
their machine turned the corner at
Peace monument and a street car was
brought to a sudden stop within a
few inches of the President's automo
bile. The president was somewhat
disturbed, but did not stop. The In
cident was dropped Wednesday by the
Bryan Served No Wine.
Diplomatic circles were in animat
ed discussion of Secretary Bryan's
dinner party the other night to some
forty distinguished members of the
diplomatic crops at which unferment
ed grape juice was served in place
of the variety of wines which cus
tomarily have a place. Officialdom
talked so much about the innovation
+t+ hat testory leaked out.
GlIE THEIR VIEWS
THE PARTY LEADERS TALK ABOUT
THEY DIFFER GREATLY
Chairman Underwood, the Able
Democratic Leader, Plainly Points
Out Wherein Protective Policy
Fails and Revision Measure Takes
Place of Evils of Eepublican Plan.
Beginning the debate in the house
Wednesday on the Democratic tariff
revision bill Representative Oscar W.
Underwood of Alabama; the majority
leader, predicted great relief for the
nation through the passage of the
pending bill, Representative Augus P.
Gardner of Massachusetts voiced Re
publican skepticism for the country's
future under such a tariff system, as
that proposed, and Representative
Kelly of Pennsylvania expressed the
opposition of the Progressive party
to all tariff bills framed under the
Mr. Underwood in outli.ning the
bill severely criticised the protective
tariff theory based on the cost of pro
duction differences at home and
abroad, and praised the competitive
tariff theory, declaring it would
strengthen American industry and
send American products into the
He denounced the raising of taxes
by tho protective tariff as unjust, be
cause he said it taxed equally~ the
working - men and the multimillion
aire.* He pointed out that the rates
In the pending .111 were substantial
reductions from the rates in the ex
isting law and declared that the low
er rates would result in a reduction
in the cost of living to the consum
ing public. Mr. Underwood did not
discuss the income tax feature of the
bill, leaving that to 'Representative
Hull of Tennessee, who will speak
"The enactment of this bill into
law will mark the end of an era in
the fiscal administration of this
country and the beginning of a new
one," Mr. Underwood began, while
the Democrats applauded. Mr. Un
derwood discussed the origin of the
present "high tariff system", 'declar
ing that it was instituted as an emer
gency measure during the War Be
tween the Sections.
. "These unjust war taxes," he said,
"have been maintained ever since and
those who had amassed fortunes un
der it have controlled the government
except for one brief interval."
In his discussion he followed close
ly the arguments outlined in the re
port of the Democratic majority of
the ways and means committee.
"Our great responsibility," declar
ed Mr. Underwood, "is the interest
and' rights of the great mass of con
sumers among the American people.
From our view point industry must
be considered as secondary to the
rights of the consumer."
'Referring to the increased cost of
living (Mr. Underwood said:.
"A great proportion of this In
crease was caused by the abnormally
high protection given to the great
manufacturing Interests of the coun
try under the tariff."
Mr. Underwood said, however, that
the passage of the Democratic tariff
bill would not be Immediately fol
lowed by reductions In the cost of
"But, I believe," he added, "that
within a reasonable time after the
merchants have disposed of the goods
ought under high protective tariff
the people of this country will find
the cost of living decreased."
Representative Gardner admitted
that the people of the nation had
repudiated the Payne tariff and that
the Republican party had been dis
lodged from -power because It had
been too slow to recognize growing
evils and permitted a "far too power.
ful oligarchy" to run the government
In its way Instead of in the people's
He cautioned the Democrats to live
up to their promises to the people,
declaring he believed that If they did
not, the people would turn to the new
"Suppose that the Democrats fail
to carry out their radical program,"
said Mr. Gardner, "will the country
turn to our party? I doubt It.
"The people wish to try some of
these new Ideas and are willing to
risk the consequences of their prov
ing disastrous. The Republicans
have not given them what they wish
ed. If the Democrats follow our ex
ample it need surprise no one should
the people turn to the Progressive
party. In fact, this Is the only direc
tion In which I can see a future for
?: presenting the views of the
Progressive party, Representative
Kelly criticised bitterly the present
method of tariff legislation. He said
that the Underwood bill, like every
other tariff bill in the history .of the
country, was "framed on a basis of
insufficient information and political1
and partisan logrolling." The solu
tion of the tariff problem. he declar
ed, could only be found in the adop
tion of the progressive policy of plac
ing the tariff In the hands of a cap
able, nonpartisan commission.
Fugitive Turks In Misery.
Some 16,000 Turkish soldiers with
whom are Djavid Pasha and all his
generals and many refugees from the
fortess of Janina, have arrived at Fl
era, on the coast of the Adriatic sea.
Te fugitives are said to be in a pit
iable state. The troops are mostly
ill and suffering from starvation.
They are completely demoralized.
Mexicans Blow rp Train.
Seventy-five federals were killed
when Insurgents dynamited a troop
trai nea Cmhnahna last week.
THE TREES AND Bu1W3
GREAT VALE...OF THE DEN!
ZENS OF THE WOODS.
How Tree Life Depends Upon the
Protection of . the Insect-Eating
.Each woodpecker in the United
States is worth twenty dollars 3n cash
when the value-.is estimated: on the
value of the good that this iid does
to trees. Other' birds' ade worth
sums proportionate-to the ' goo that
they do. The nuthatch creaper and;
chickadee are worth from fie:to ted:
dollars, varying witlhthe lodlaty and
the condition of trees and '.eops.
The downy woodpecker is also -the re
lentless enemy of the 'coding moth,
an insect that damages our apple
crops to an extent of twelve million
In the war between the insects and
the trees, millions of dollars are be
ing spent each year by tree owners
who know that insects have increased
so rapidly of late years that their
trees must be protected. The locus
and maple trees are preyed upon .by
the bag insects; elms are sprayed in
order to kill the elm beetles, while
borers are slaughtering the hickories.
Now let us connect up the condi
tions with the facts. This invasion
of insects is due entirely to the
slaughter of birds wnich subsist upon
tree and crop destroying insects.
Take the case of the coding moth
and curculio. These are among the
most deadly of the destructive insects
and are dimf~cult of fight by ordinary
means of spraying and specially de
signed apparatus. Light and one
quarter million dollars per year, it -
is estimated,^is spent to fight these
pests. Yet were the birds only left
alone they would perform tlu.s work.
When a downy woodpecker is left
free to act, it digs into the hiding,
places of the hidden larvae of the cod
ling moth an.I extracts worms from
young-apples so skillful that the fruit
is not damaged. This bird has been
observed closely over wide areas; re
cords from New York, New Jersey,
Texas and California show that it con
fins its efforts to a wide- range and
twenty larvae of the codling moth
have been taken from a single stom
ach. Woodpeckers .search for cod
ling moth larvae so. carefully that
the few that escape owe their safety
to accident rather than to negligence
of the birds.
The red-shafted flicker has been
observed in California by hundreds
examining trinks and limbs of fruit
trees and also frequenting sheds
where fruit is stored. The damage -
they shut out by their industry is
There is an array of birds which
destroy the larvae of the codling
moth to a consideranle extent. The
woodpeckers, flickers, flycatchers,
jsys, blackbirds, orioles, sparrows
warblers, bunting, creepers, chicka
dees, robins and bluebirds of various
species are constantly reducing the
inroads of the codling moth. In
some places they destroy from sixty
eight to eighty-five per cent of the
Now, is tihere any reason why the
farmers of the country should allow
the Italians of the north and the ne
groes of* the south to destroy these
birds? Were but one farmer out of a
thousand to write his members of
:ongress to vote for the federal mi
gratory -bird bill, this grtat waste
would be -stopped and eight and one
uarter millions be savedi the fruit
growers alone, to say nothing of the
milliobs upon millions .0o1 dollars
saved on other crops. '
The only way In which all these
valuable migratory birds can be sav
ed to us, is through the strong arm
of the national government, and a
federal law for the protection of all '
iigratory birds! Protection of.
game birds alone will not answer,
too many other birds are .being kill
ed for food, especialiy in the south.
Senator McLean's bill is the best
one of the three now before eongress.
Call upon in person or write to your
senator and representative and ask
him to vote and work for that bIll
until it becomes a law.
The present session of congress is
a short session, ending March 4. The
people of the nation should call upon. -
all their senators and representatives
to take up the MfcLean bill as an
emergency measure, and push It
through before Maren 4. If enough
constituents demand this, it will be.
Now is the time to do something..
practical, and get a tangible result.
Get busy with your congressman. A
great effort will be required but
surely those who believe in the pro
tection of growing crops and in the
reduction of the high cost of living~
are equal to the emergency.
Negro Hurled In Water.
At Balton, Vt., a negro of about
nineteen years was hurled into the
Winooski river where he was drown
ed, it Is charged, by four men who
had accused him of stealing their din
ner pails. Three of the men accus
ed of causing his dleath, Henry Mc
Cabe, ,James Sweeney and John Ken-'
nison, are under arrest, while their
companion, Henry Goodrich, Is being:
Murdered Two Two Negroes.
Two negroes were murdere.d -
their house at night some dasa
W. S. Middleton's farm in the. Vowr r
prt of Edgefield county and 'aga
result of the efforts of Sheriff e~ar
ingen five negroes were committedto
jail tc answer the charge of nidiril'e
at the August term of court.
Drowned in a Lake.
Henry Harris, a prominent young
man of' Voldosta, Ga., was drowned
Wednesday at noon in a lake near
that city while seining with friends.
The body was recovered an hour lat
er. ir. Harris was 26 years old and
the son of Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Harris,
ormer of Hawkinsville.