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BRYAN FOR PEACE
EAT COMONER SPEAKS OF
CALLS IT A LONG STEP
Forced Consideration and Contempla
tion Before War is Declared, Mr.
Bryan Holds, Would Make War
Well Nigh Impossible Among the
Nations of the Earth.
William Jennings Bryan, speaking
at a dinner given last Friday night in
New York in honor of the foreign
members of the international confer
ence that is arranging the celebra
tion of 100 'years of peace among
English speaking peoples, declared
that "the new peace plan offered by
President Wilson to all nations is the
latest and longest step towards peace.
It contemplates time for investiga
tion and deliberation," he said, "and
this makes the possiallity of war re
MT. Bryan's subject was. "Progress
Towards Peace". He said that the
part of the United States in the cause
of peace of necessity would be large
because "more than any other'nation
it has a population which is attached
by blood to nearly all other nations."
Peace for all time between the
United States and Great Britain was
the keynote of other addresses of the
evening, delivered by Lord Weardale,
chairman of the English delegation;
Sir Edmund Walker of Canada, Sir
George Houstoun Reid of Australia
and Judge George Gary of Delaware.
More than 500 men and women,
most of them country-wide distinc
tion, were in attendance and unstint
ed applause greeted all remarks that
em aized the cordial relations be
tween the two nations and the cause
of universal peace in general.
The enthusiastic singing of "Amer
ica" and "God Save the King" was
one of the features of the evening.
Flags of Great Britain, the United
States, Canada, Australia and Bel
gium, where the Treaty of Ghent was
signed in 1814, decorated the ban
Joseph M. Choate, former ambas
sador to Great Britain, acted as toast
master. At his left sat the new Brit
ist ambassador, Sir Arthur Cecil
Springer-Rice, and on his right M. Da
Gama, the Brazilian Pnbassador,
dean of the diplomatic corps at Wash
ington. Other members of the diplo
matic corps, Ambassador Page, mem
bers of the foreign delegation, Unit
ed States senators, Judges from sev
eral states- and the governors of two
states were interspersed at the speak
Mr.'3ryan was introduced after the
banqueters had drunk a toast to the
King of England and the president of
the United States. The secretary of
state said in part:.
"We h'ave three great forces at
work throughout ehe world, forces
that work constantly and irresistibly,
and every one of these foxces makes
for peace.. I bring them before you
a growing Intelligence and increasing
understanding of the doctrine of
birotherhood and a growing power of
the people to control thier destinies
through the control-of their govern
ment. -This nation must be willing
to extend Its hand to all those who
come from any direction In the inter
est ofpeace. No nation shall outstrip
us in Its advocacy of peace.
"No other nation is better situated
or better prepared to set an example
in the Interest of peace than this and
I am glad on this occasion to make
* reference to the act of our president
that embodies tis thought in lan
"Two weeks ago yesterday, at his
direction. I summoned the represen
tativea .of 36 nations represented at
Washington that I might for him
simultaneously present through them
to their governments a proposition in
-which the president expresses not
only his willingness but his desire to
enter Into agreement with every oth
.er nation great or small that so far
as our nation and that contracting
nation Is concerned there' will .be no
war, no declaration, no commence
ment of hostilities until the questions
In dispute have been investigated by
an international tribunal and its re
port made known.
"Now I believe that the proposition
s.a long step -in the direction of
peace. It does not mean to take the
place of arbitration treaties; make all
you can, submit to arbitration every
question which you can agree to sub
mit,- but when you are through you
wHi find-at least we have found
thus far-that there are certain ques
tions that are excepted. And they
are so important that they them
selves -become the cause of war.
"It Is the purpose of this plan to
close the gap and to leave no question
to'become acause of war. It is the
belief of the president that when:
treaties have been made between this
nation and all other nations several
ly, by which there will be Investiga
tions before hostilities begin, that
war will become practically impossi
ble. The time that will be allowed
gives a chftnce for the separation of
questions of fact from questions of
honor, and It gives a change also for
the operation of publIc opinion, which
Is increasing for peace.
"It Is the hope of those who be
. lieve in the plan that when It Is
adopted between this nation and oth
er nations it will then be adopted by
other nations between themseives un
til all nations of the earth will be
-knit togett.er by these agreements1
and people will know war no more."
Whaley Declared Elected.
The State board of canvassers met:
Thursday for the purpose of tabulat-1
Ing and declaring the results of the1
election for Congress in the First
Congressional District. The boardi
met and officially declared the elec
tion of Congressmnan Richard S.
Whaley. The certificate of election
was forwarded to Speaker Clark as
provided by law.
HaHl Stones As Big As Eggs
Hail stones, some of which were as i
large as hen's eggs, fell in the
Buckhead district and destroyed cot
ton and corn over hundreds of acres 1
Saturday afternoon. Pigs and chick
ens were killed by the falling ice. I:
ne man is reported ingnrad.
A SCANDAL IN BOHEMIA1
By Sir A. Conan Doyle.
To Sherlock Holmes she is always
the woman. I have seldom heard
him mention her under any other
name. In his eyes she eclipses and
predominates the whole of her sex.
It was not that he felt any emotion
akin to love for Irene Adler. All
emotions, and that one particularly,
were abhorrent to his cold, precise
but admirably balanced mind. He 1
was, I take it, the most perfect reas
oning and observing machine that the 1
world has seen; but as a lover, he
would have played himself in a false
position. He never spoke of the soft
er passions, save with a gibe and a
sneer. They were admirable things
for the observer-excellent for draw
ing the veil from men's motives and
actions. 'Brut for 'the trained reason
er to admit such intrusions into his
own delicate and finely adjusted tem
perament was to introduce a distract
ing factor which might throw a
doubt upon all his mental results.
Grit in a sensitive instrument, or a
crack in one of his own high-power
lenses, would not be more disturbing 1
than a strong emotion in a nature ,
such as his. And yet there was but 4
one woman to him, and that woman 1
was the late Irene Adler, of dubious 1
and questionable memory.
I had seen little of Holmes lately.
My marriage had drifted us away
from each -other. My own complete
happiness, and the home-centered in
terests which rise up around the man
who first finds himself master of his
own establishment, were sufficient
to absorb all my attention; while
Holmes, who loathed every form of
society with his whole Bohemian soul
remained in our lodgings in Baker
Street, buried among his old books,
and alternating from week to week
between cocaine and ambition, the
drowsiness of the drug and the fierce
energy of his own keen nature. He
was still, as ever, deeply attracted by
the study of crime, and occupied his
immense faculties and extraordinary
powers of observation in following
out those clews, and clearing up the
mysteries, which had been abandoned
as hopeless -by the official police.
From time to time I heard some
vague account of his doings; of his
summons to Odessa in the case of the
Trepoff murder, of his clearing up the
singular tragedy of the Atkinson
brothers at Trincomalee, and finally
of the mission which he had accom
plished so delicately and successfully
for the reigning family of Holland.
Beyond, these signs of activity, how
ever, which I -merely shared with all
the readers of the daily press, I knew
little of my former friend and com
One night-it was on the 20th of
March, 1888-I was returning from a
journey to a patient (for I had now
returned to civil practice), when my
way led me through Baker Street.
As I passed the well-remembered
door, which must always be asso
ciated in my mind with, my wooing,
and with the dark incidents of the
Study In Scarlet, I was seized with a
keen desire to see Holmes again, and
to know how he was employing his
extraordinar'y ,powers. His rooms
were brilliantly lighted, and even as
I looked up, I saw his tall, spare fig
ure pass twice In a dark silhouette
against the .blind. He was pacing the
room swiftly, eagerly, with his head
sunk upon his chest, and his hands
clasped , behind him. To me, who
knew his every mood and habit, 'his
attitude and manner told their own
story. He was at work again. He
had risen out of his drug-created
dreams, and was hot upon the scent
of some new problem. I rang the
bell, and was shown up to the cham
ber which had formerly been In part
of my own.
His manner was not effusive. It
seldom was; 'but he was glad, I
think to see me. With hardly a
word spoken, but with a kindly eye,
he waved me to an armcha., threw
across his case of cigars, and indicat
ed a spirit case and a gasogene in
the corner. Then he stood before the
fire, and looked me over In his sin
"Wedlock suits you," he remark
ed. "I think, Watson, that you have
put on seven and a half pounds since
I saw you."
"Seven," I answered.
"Indeed, I should have thought a
little more. Just a trifle more, I
fancy, Watson. And In practice again,
I observe. You did not tell me that
you intended to go into harness."
"Then how do you know?"
"I see it, I deduce It. How do I
know that you have been getting
y~ourself very wet lately, and that you
have a most clumsy and careless ser
"My dear Holmes," said I, "this
is too much. You would certainly
have been burned had you lived aj
few centuries ago. It Is true that IjI
bad a country walk on Thursday and'
came home in a dreadful mess; .but
as I have changed my clothes, I can't 1
imagine how you deduce It. As to 'j
lary Jane, she Is incorrigible, and
my wife has given her notice; but<
there again I fail to see how you 1
work it out."
He chuckled to himself and rubbed
bis long nervous hands tagether.
"It Is simplicity itself," said he; .
"my eyes tell me that on the inside
>f your left shoe, .iust where the fire
light strikes it, the leather is scored 1
by six almost parallel cuts. Obviously.a
they have been caused by someoneg
who has very carelessly scrapede
round the edges of the sole in order i
to remove rusted mud from it.
Eence, you see, my double deductiont
that you had been out in vile weath
er, and that you had a particularly t
nalignant boot-slicking specimen of s
;he London slavey. As to your prac- t
;ice, if a gentleman walks Into my e
,ooms, smelling of iodoforir., with a ,
>lack mark of nitrate of silver upon s
us right finger, and a bulge on the t
ide of his tophat to show where he a
uas secreted his stethoscope, I must
e dull indeed If I do not pronounce ,
im to be an active member of the I
I could not help laughing at the f
hase with which he explained his pro- c
ess of deduction. "When I hear you
ive your reason," I remarked, "the
hing always appears to me so ridicu- I
ously simple that I could esaily do g
t myelf, though at each successive T
nstance of your reasoning I am baf
led, until you explain your process. v
knd yet, I believe that my eyes are I
B good as yours." y
"Quite so,"~ he answered, lighting d
cigarette, and throwing himself n
)ut you do not observe. The distinc
ion is clear. For example, you have
requently seen the steps which lead
ip from the hall to this room."
"Well, some hundreds of times."
"Then how many are there?"
"How many? I don't know."
"Quite so! You have not observ
>d. And yet you have seen. That is
ust my point. Now, I know there
tre seventeen steps, because I have
)oth seen and observed. By the way,
since you are interested in these lit
:le problems, and since you are good
mough to chronicle one or two of my
rifling experiences, you may be in
:erested in this." He threw over a
heet of thick pink-tinted note-paper
which had been lying open upon the
able. "It came by the last post,"
aid he. "Read it aloud."
The note was undated, and without
either signature or address.
"There will call upon you to-night,
it a. quarter to eight o'clock," it
said, "a gentleman who desires to
onsult you upon a matter of the very
leepest moment. Your recent ser
rices to one of the royal houses of
Europe have shown that you are one
who may safely be trusted with mat
:ers which are of animportance which
:an hardly be exaggerated. This ac
:ount of you we have from all quar
:ers received. Be In your chamber,
:hen, at t1 at hour, and do not take it
miss if your visitor wears a mask."
"This is indeed a mystery," I re
narked. "What do you imagine that
"I have ro data yet. It is a capi
tal mistake to theorize before one has
iata. Insensibly one begins to twist
facts to suit theories, instead of the
ries to suit facts. But the note it
self-what do you deduce from it?"
I carefully examined the writing,
nd the paper upon which it was
"The man who wrote it was pre
sumably well to do," I remarked, en
eavoring to imitate my companion's
processes. "Such paper could not 'be
bought under half a crown a packet.
[t is peculiarly strong and stiff."
"Peculiar-that is the very word,"
said Holmes. "It is .not an English
paper at. all. Hold it up to the light."
I did so and saw a large "E" with
s small "g", a "P" and a large "G"
with a small "t" woven into the tex
ture of the paper.
"What do you make of that?" ask
"The name of the maker, no
Ioi bt; or his monogram, rather."
"Not all. The 'G' with the small
t' stands for 'Gesellschaft,' which is
the German for 'Company'. It is a
:stomary contraction like our 'Co.'
'P,' of course, stands for 'Papier'.
ow for the 'Eg'. Let us glance at
>ur 'Continental Gazetteer'." He
took down a heavy brown volume
from his shelves. "Eglow, Eglonitz
-here we are, Egria. It is a Ger
man-speaking country-in Bohemia,
not far from Carlsbad. 'Remarkable
s being the scene of the death of
Wallenstein, and for its numerous
glass factories and paper mills.' Ha!
ha! my boy, what do you make of
that?" His eyes sparkled, and he
sent up a great blue triumphant
loud from his cigarette.
"The palper was made in Bohemia,"
"Precisely. And the man who
wrote the note is a German. Do you
ote the peculiar construction of the
lentence-'This account of you we
have from all quarters received'? A
Prenchman or Russian could not
ave written that? It is the German
who is so uncourteous to his verbs.
[t only remains, -therefore, to discov
er what Is wanted by this German
who writes upon Bohemian paper,
and prefers wearing a mask to show
ing his face. And here he comes, if
[ am not mistaken, to resolve all our
As he spoke there was the sharp
sound of horses' hoofs and grating
wheels against the curb, followed by
a sharp pull .at the bell. Holmes
"A palr, by the sound," said he.
'Yes," he conrtinued, glancing out of
he window. "A nice little broug
iam and a pair of beauties. A hun
red and fifty guineas a piece. There's
noney in this case, Watson, if there
s nothing else."
"I think I had better go, Holmes."
"Not a bit, doctor. Stay where
ro are. I am lost without my Bos
ell. And this promises to be Inter
~stng. It would be a'pity to miss It."
"But your client--"
"Never mind him. I want your
elp, and so may he. Here he comes.
sit down In that armchair, doctor,
nd give us your best attention.'"
A slow and heavy step, which had
een upon the stairs and in the pas
age, paused immediately outside the
br. Then there was a loud and
"Come In!" said Holmes.
A man entered who could hardly
ave been less than -six feet sIx Inches
n height, with the chest and limbs of
SHercules. His dress was rich with
richness which would, in England,
e looked upon as akin to bad taste.
leavy bands of astrakham wereslash
d across the sleeves and front of his
oublebreasted coat, while the deep
lue cloak which was thrown over his
houlders was lined with flame-color
d silk, and secured at the neck with
brooch which consisted of a singlet
aming beryl. Boots which extended
af-way up his calves, and which
rere trimmed at the tops with rich
rown fur, completed the impression
f barbaric opulence which was sug
ested by his whole appearance. lHe
arried a broad-brimmed hat in his
and, while he wore across the upper
'art of his face, extending down past
he cheekbones, a black visard-mask,1
rhich he had apparently adjusted
hat very moment, for his hand was
till raised to it as he entered. From
he lower part of the face he appear
d to 'be a man of strong character,
ih a thick, hanging lip, and a long,
raight chin, suggestive of resolu
ion pushed to the length of obsti
"You had my note?" he asked,
ith a deep, harsh voice and a strong
Smarked German accent. "I told
ou that I would call."' He looked
rom one to the other of us, as if un
rtain which to address.
"Pray take a set," said Holmes.
This is my friend and colleague, 4
'octor Watson, who is occasionallyt
ood enough to help me in my cases. 1
hom have I the honor to address?" 1
"You may address me as the Count
on Kramm, a Bohemian nobleman. C
understand that this gentleman, T
our friend, is a man of honor and 1
Iscreton, whom I may trust with a z
atter of the most extreme Import
,e. T not, I should -much -refer to 5
communicate with you alone."
I rose to go, but Holmes caught me
by the wrist and pushed me back into
my chair. "It is .both, or none," said
he. "You may say before this gentle
man anything which you amay say to
The count shrugged his broad
shoulders. "Then I must begin,"
said. he, "by binding you 'both to ab
solute secrecy for two years, at the
end of that time the matter will be of
no importance. At present it is not
too much to say that it is of such
weight that it may have an influence
upon European history."
"I promise," said Holmes.
"You will excuse this mask," con
tinued our strange visitor. "The au
gust person who employs me wishes
his agent to 'be unknown to you, and
I may confess at once that the title
by which I have just called myself is
not exactly my own."
"I was aware of it," said Holmes,
"The circumstances are of great
delicacy, and every precaution has to
be taken to quench what might grow
to be an immense scandal, and seri
ously compromise one of the reigning
families of Europe. To speak plain
ly, the matter implicates the great
House of Ormstein, hereditary kings
"I was also aware of that," mur
mured Holmes, settling himself
down in his armchair, and closing his
Our visitor glanced with some ap
parent surprise at the languid, loung
ing figure of the man who had been,
no doubt, de icted to him as the most
incisive reasoner and most energetic
agent in Europe. Holmes slowly re
opened his eyes and looked impa
tiently at his gigantic client.
"If your majesty would condescend
to state your case," he remarked, "I
would be better able to advise you."
The man sprung from his chair,
and paced up and down the room in
uncontrollable agitation. Then, with
a gesture of desperation, he tore the
mask from his fae and hurled it up
on the ground.
"You are right," he cried, "I am
the king. Why should I attempt to
"Why, indeed?" m u r m u r e d
Holmes. "Your majesty had not
spoken before I was aware that I was
addressing Wilhelm Gottsreich Sigis
mond von Ormstein, Grand Duke of
Cassel-Felstein, and hereditary King
"But you can understand," said
our strange visitor, sitting down once
more and passing his hand over his
high, white forehead, "you can under
stand that I am not accustomed to do.
ing such business in my person. Yet
the matter was so delicate that I
could not confide it to an agent with
out putting myself in his power. I
have come incognito from Prague for
the purpose of consulting you."
"Then, pray consult," said Holmes,
shutting his eyes once more.
"The facts are briefly these: Some
five years ago, during a lengthy visit
to Warsaw, I made the acquaintance
of the well-known adventuress Irene
Adler. The name is no doubt famil
iar to you."
"Knly look her up in my index,
doctor," murmured Holmes, without
opening his eyes. For many years he
had adopted a system for docketing
all paragraphs concerning men and
things, so that it was difficult to
name a subject or a person on which
he could not at once furnish Informa
tion. In this case I found her biogra
phy sandwiched In between that of a'
Hebrew rabbi and that of a staff
commander who, had written a mono
graph upon the deep-sea fishes.
"Let me see!" said Holmes. "Hum!
Born In New Jersey in the year 1858.
Contralto-hum! La Scaia-hum!
Prima donna Imperial Opera of War
saw-yes! Retired from operatic
stage-ha! Living in London-quite
so! Your majesty, as I understand,
became entangled with this your per
son, -wrote her some compromising
letters, and Is now desirous of getting
those letters ,back."
"Precisely so. But how-"
"Was there a secret marriage?"
"No legal papers or certificates?"
"Then I fail to follow your majes
ty. If this young person should .pro
duce her letters for blackmailing or
other purposes, hoew is she to prove
"There is the writing."
"My private note-paper."
"M~y own seal."
"We were both In the photograph."
"Oh, dear! That is very bad. Your
majesty has indeed committed an In
"I was mad-insane.'
"You have compromised yourself
"I was only crown prince then. I
was young. I am but thirty now."
"It must be recovered."
"We have tried and failed."
"Your majesty must pay. It must
"She will not sell."
"Five attempts have been made.
rwice burglars in my pay ransacked
er house. Once we diverted her
uggage when she traveled. Twice
~he has been waylaid. -There has
een no result."
"No sign of it?"
Holmes laughed. "It is quite a
retty little problem," said he.
"But a very serious one to me," re
urned the king, reproachfully.
"Very, indeed. And 'what does she .
ropose to do with the photograph?"
"To ruin me."
"I am about to be married."
"So I have heard."
"To Clotilde Lothman von Saxe-:
feiningen, second daughter of the
ing of Scandinavia. You may know
he strict principles of her family.
she is herself the very soul of deli
acy. A shadow of a doubt as to my
onduct would bring the matter to an.
"And Irene Adler?"
"Threatens to send them the pho
ograph. And she will do it. I know
hat she will do it. You do not know
Ler, but she has a soul of steel. She
as the face of the most beautiful of
women and the mind of the most res
lute of men. Rather than I should
rarry another woman, there are no
engths to which she would not go--I
OPEN TO ALL NATIONS
ALL Wi! T, BE INVITED TO TAKE
PAiRT IN MEET. '
Countries of World Invited to Join
English People in Commemorating
One Hundred Years of Harmony.
The nations of the world are urg
ed to join the United States, Great
Britain, Canada, Newfoundland and
Australia and the municipality of
Ghent, in making the celebration of
one hundred years of peace among
English-speaking peoples signalize a
new era of international good will.
The invitation was issued Monday by
the international conferees now in
this country arranging the celebra
tion. The American secretary of state
and the British secretary of state for
foreign affairs are asked to transmit
the~ invitation to other governments.
The manifesto adopted by the con
"Representatives of Great Britain,
of Newfoundland, of the United
States, of the Dominion of Canada,
of the commonwealth of Australia,
and of the amunicipality of Ghent,
having been in conference concerning
an appropriate celebration of the cen
tenary of the signing of the treaty of
Ghent, which marked the end of the
last international war between the
British and American peoples, unite
in offering to the governments and
the peoples of the civilized world an
earnest invitation to take part in
making this celebration in every way
worthy of the one hundred years of
peace that it commemorates.
"We invite such co-operation to
the end that it may be made clearly
unmistakible to public opinion every
where that the time has come when
international rivalries and differ
ences, though numerous and severe,
may be settled 'without the carnage
and horrors of war. Although it be
unreasonable to disregard the possi
bility of conflict arising in the fu
ture, out of mutual or partial misun
derstanding, yet we gratefully recog
nize that the chances of misunder
standing have been largely eliminat
ed by the degree in which modern
science has facilitated intercourse
and accelerated communication.
"Great 'Britain has been a colon
izing nation and the United States
has drawn to its population various
and powerful elements from different
countries and from different flags.
Therefore, a century of peace be
-tween Great Britain and her domin
ions beyond the seas, on the one
hand, and the United States, on the
other hand, touches directly both the
Interests and the imagination of ev
ery land to which Great Britain's
sons have gone, as well as those of
every nation from which the present
day. population of the United States
have been drawn.
"We respectfully request his maj
esty's secretary of state for foreign
affairs and the secretary Of state of
the United States to transmit this in
vitation through the proper official
channels to the governments of the
world In order that both by the par
ticipation of governments and by the
co-operation of men of good will in
every land this celebration may be so
carried out as to mark not merely
the close, of the one hundred years of
peace between English-speaking peo
ples, but the opening of what we sin
cerely trust will be a fresh era of
peace and good will between all the
nations of the world."
STE AMfElR HITS. ICEBERG.
Was Going Slow and Was Damaged
but Very Little.
The fate of the Titanic was narrow
ly escaped by the steamer Chiltern
Range In a collision with an iceberg
to the east of Newfoundland 'Banks,
on her voyage from Hull to Montreal,
where she arrived Monday. The bow
plates of the steamer, a British
freighter, were badly dented. The
berg was struck in latitude 46.39
north, and longtitute 44.40 west, in
the track of the ocean liners, but
some distance to the north and east
of the spot where the Titanic met
her fate. After the collision the
steamer was surrounded by icebergs,
which, although they could not be
seen 'because of the fog, evidenced
their presence by the echoes that re-|
sounded from their towering sides at
every blast from the steamer's whis
"I am sure."
"Because she has said that she
would -send it on the day when the
betrothal was publicly proclaimed.
That will be next Monday."
"Oh, then we have three days yet,"
said Holmes, with a yawn. "That is
very fortunate, as I have one or two
matters of importance to look into
just at present. Your majesty will,
of course, stay in London for the
"Certainly. You will find me at1
the Langham, under the name of the
Count von Kramm."
"Then I shall drop you a line to let
you know how we progress."
"Pray do so; I shall be all anxiety."
"Then, as to money?"
"You have carte blanche."
"1 tell you that I would give one of
the provinces of my kingdom to have
"And for present expenses?"
The king took a heavy chamois
leather bag from under his cloak, and
aid it on the table.
"There are three hundred pounds
in gold and seven hundred in notes."
Holmnes scribbled a roccipt upon a I
sheet of his note-book, and handed it t
"And mademoiselle's address?" he
"Is Briony Lodge, Serpr'tine Ave- I
iu. St. John's Wood."
Holmes took a note of it. "One t
ther nuestion." said he. thoughtful- 1
y. "Was the photograph a cabinet?" t
"Then, good-night. your majiesty. e
nd I trust that we shall soon have a
eme good news for you. And goo
light. Watson," he added, as thei r
"heels of the royal brougham rolled t
town the street. "If you will he good t
'nough to call to-morrow afternoon. C
it three o'clock. I should like to chat F
his little matter over with you." h
(To .be continued.'1
old nwspaers or sle.t
PLANS FOR PEACE
INCLUDES THE ERECTION OF PEACE
ENGLAND AND AMERICA
International 1Delegates Visit Wash
ington and Call on President and
Secretary of State in Interest of
Celebration of Peace Centenary
Among English-Speaking Peoples.
The international peace delegates,
who are perfecting plans for the cel
ebration of the 100th anniversary of
the signing of the treaty of Ghent
and of peace among English-speak
ing peoples in Deecmber next year,
went -to Washington Monday and
called upon President Wilson, Secre
tary Bryan and other Government of
ficials. Monday night the delegates
attended a banquet at which speeches
were made by leaders in the peace
movement and the proposed celebra
The delegates called upon Secre
tary Bryan immediately after their
arrival and was received by him in
his offices in the State department.
Mr. Bryan spoke a word with each as
he shook hands and later briefly ad
dressed the delegates as they gather
ed about him. He declared that in
the long continued peace between the
United States 'and Great Britain there
was a lesson for all nations, and this
theme he elaborated later in his ad
dress at the banquet. Lord Wear
dale, head of the British delegation,
made a brief response in behalf of
When the party arrived at the
Capitol later the House of Represen
tatives was about to convene, but the
delegates were received by Speaker
Clark in his office. He had them es
corted to the House gallery where
they remained until the brief session
ended. A visit to the Congressional
Library occupied a brief space before
a visit to Vice-President Marshall
Mr. Marshall addressed his callers
and apparently what he had to say
made a deep impression upon the del
egates. There were nods of approv
al, and several of the callers made
audible comment, agreeing with the
expressions of the Vice-President.
Mr. Marshal said he was convinced
that practically all differences be
tween nations are possible of settle
ment if submitted t. the arbitrament
of fair-minded men. Agai.a Loi d
Weardale replied for the assembled
A statement outlining the propos
ed plan for the celebration in all Eng
lish-speaking countries of the peace
centenary was made public by An
drew B. Humphrey, secretary of the
American committee. This will be
submitted to the respective Govern
ments with the request that it be ap
proved and aid in carrying it out he
The central feature of the plan is
the erection of suitable monuments
in America and England and their re
spective dependencies, identical in
design and bearing an idenid in
scription. It is proposed -That tce
foundation stones be laid by the King
of England and the 'President of the
United States and by their represent
atives in the Colonial possessions.
While 'this is in progress it Is pro
posed that all work in both countries
cease for five minutes. All nations
are to be invited to send representa
tives to take part in the ceremonies.
As a method for promoting peace
ful sentiments in all classes it is pro
posed there be established in unive
sities in both countries chairs of
British-American history, with pro
vision for the interchange of profes
sors. There also are to -be establish
ed travelling and other scholarships
for the study of history. Some of
these are to be for journalists, to per
mit them to study in all English
Establishments of permanent fron
tier monuments also is contemplated,
and there will be -provision for religi
ous services of thanksgiving and
A representative gathering of men
in official life in the Capital attended
the banquet given Monday night for
the peace delegates by the Carnegie
endowment for international-peace.
The speakers were Senator Elihu
Root, president of the Carnegie en
dowment; Secretary 1Bryan, Ambassa
dor Springer-Rice, Lord Weardale,
Sir Charles Reid, of Australia; Chas.
A. MfaGrath, member of the Canad
lan Parliament; Eugene H. Outer
bridge, of New Foundland; C.
eBruyne, of the municipality of
Shent, and Andrew Carnegie.
"We are here to substitute the
~pirit of peace for the spirit of war.
rhe ideals of peace are greater than
he ideals of war. We know of no
~ause that cannot be settled better
y reason than by war." These were
ome of the sentiments expressed by
ecretary Bryan, who said he spoke
or the President of the United States
mnd for the Administration under
vhich he holds office.
1TG1RJING FOR COLCOCK.
)emiocrats Will Make Him Collector
of Bleaufort Port.
The Washington correspondent of
Che News and Courier says after a
onsiderable delay because of the ab
ence of Republican members of the
enate committee on commerce, who
vished to prevent a quorum, the
)emocrats of that committee mus
ered almost their full strength and
orced a vote for a favorable report
ni the nomination of Frank P. Col
ock to succeed Robert Smalls as col
ector of the port of Beaufort.
All of the Republican members of
le commflittee,. except Senator Per
ins, of C'alifornia, declared their in
enton to continue the fight in favor
f Smalls after the matter should
omne in executive session of the Sen
te. Senator Perkins is not opposed
> the confirmation of Colcock. It is
resumed that the Republicans will
r to break the quorum at the execu
ve session of the Senate when the
olcock nomination is reached. But
entor Tillman expects to be on
and an-' lave his Democratic col
sagnes with him in sufficient force
nnmintain the quorum and secure
Eaks Kern Baking Easy
The only baking powder
Oream of Tartar
SALUMN LIME PHOSPHATE
SAYS SEPERATE RACES
SENATOR TILLMAN ADVOCATES
SUCH A COURSE.
The Senator Tells Wry There Are So
Many Negroes and So Few Whites
A question which is more or less
agitated in Washington right now is
the segregation of the races in the
Government departments. This plan
is favored by senator Tillman of
South Carolina and Senator Vardman
of Mississippi. In discussing this
question Senator Tillman was asked
why there were more colored persons
in the Civil Service than whites from
the South. It is said that there are
22,000 negroes in the service.
Senator Tillman answered the qu
estion with charasteristic frankness.
"I think it is due to the unwillingness
of the white women and white men
of the South to go to school as it
were, alongside of negroes," he said.
"The white people of ths South are
not much in love with the equality
implied by the Civil Service examina
tions. They therefore, neglect to take
the examinations and get on the eligi
ble list. These lists are humbugs,
of course as we all know because the
certification of the three names at
the top from which the appointing
officer must choose and failing to
find the proper material for the clerk
in the first three can call for another.
If President Wilson," continued Sen
ator Tillman, "and the Cabinet offi
cers under him use the proper correc
tive, and it need not be drastic or
revolutionary, I should think in three
or four years we would have a very
radical change in conditions in the
civil service in Washington."
Whether the civil service reforms
advocated will be carried out or not,
It Is a fact that some of the cabinet
offcers and their assistants are seek
ing to separate the negroes and
whites in the service as much as pos
sible. John Skelton Williams of Vir
ginia, Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury, in paying a visit to the
Bureau of Printing and Engraving a
short while ago found the white and
negro employees eating lunch togeth
er. He ordered it stopped at once
and insisted that separate places be
provided. He said that it- might be
necessary for them to work together
but It was not necessary for them to
TELLS ALL ABOUT REUNION.'
The Southern Railway Issues a Beau
The Southern Railway offce in Co
lum~bla has ,just received for distri
bution a supply of handsome bookhts
concerning the U. C. V. Reunion,
which will 'be held in Chatjanooga,
Tenn., May 27, 28 and 29, 1913. ThIs
booklet will be a great help to veter
ans and visitors who will visit' Chat
tanooga during the Reunion, as it
contains photographs of all the pub
lic buildings and location of all ho
tels, and also gives detailed informa
tion about points of Interest in and
The Southern Railway will pro
vide for the gray-clad veterans and
the accompanying visitors to the Re
union every comfort and convenience
at the command of a great modern
railroad system; and in order ade
quately and properly to care for its
patrons It 'will utilize every resource
that energy and money can supply,
or that skill and efficiency can sug
gest. In order that the veterans and
their friends may attend the Reunion
at the lowest possible expense, ex
tremely low roundtrip fares will be
made to Chattanooga by the Southern
Railway. Arrangements have been
completed for special passenger
equipment, additional trains will sup
plement the regplar service, and the
comfort and safety of passengers will
be guarded by a carefully selected
orps of experienced officials.
The facilities of the Southern Rail
way for the handling of traffic to and
from Chattanooga are exceptionally
excellent. It has direct lines in ope
ation to the Reunion City from
Washington, Norfolk, Richmond, Co
umbia, Charleston, Jacksonville,
Brunswick, 'Macon, Columbus, Savan
ah, Atlanta, Mobile, Birmingham,
Memphis, Konxville, and St. Louis,
nd all intermediate points, and It,
as direct connections with lines from
all points in the United States, Can
da, Mexico and Cuba.
The regular service at Chattanooga
ill be greatly extended by the South
rn Railway during the Reunion pe-;
od. Trains will arrive and depart
from the magnificent New Terminal
tation of the Southern Railway at
olumbia at frerquent intervals: and
rained officials will be on duty at all
ours of the day and night to render
o travelers every assistance in their
ower and to sup~ply them with in
orrr -tion concerning routes and1
ates and rates, stop-over privileges,.
~xecursion trips to 'points out inter- 1
st, and other matters looking to the
omfort and convenience of the tray
Governor Heywara is mentioned in!2
-mnection with the governorship oft
'orto Rico. He would fill this posi
on with ability, and we would like i
PUTS ONE TO SLEEP
NEW INVENTION THAT MAY END
POTS AN END TO AGONY
Soldier, After Being Shot, Will Take
a Nap-Big Game Can be Obtained
Humanely and Fleeing Burglars
Sent to the Land of Nod Until the
The painless blowing off of one's
arms during war time, the humane
shooting of wild game on hunting ex
peditions, and the simple operation of
firing the specially prepared Ibullet
into the heel of a fleeing burglar to
have his run a few yards farther and
then go off into peaceful slumber, is
what a Pittsburg scientist hopes for
a medically treated bullet with which
he is experimenting, says the Wash
He hopes to have the United States
Government adopt the bullet for
army use. He is trying to get the
Society for the Prevention of Cruelty
to Animals to recognize its merits,
and then induce sportsmen to adopt
it. He later will give the police
chiefs of the country a few boxes to
The new compound, "the narcotic
bullet," is the invention of Alexander
F. Humphrey. Experiments are being
conducted by a committee of army
officers, police officials, and sports
men. It is considered alike humane
in warfare and deadly in hunting big
game. In self-defence it provides the
poor marksman with all the advan
tages of an unerring aim.
In his sleep-producing missile
Humphrey uses a minute particle of
morphia. The drug is carried in tiny
wells in the steel jacket of the regu
lation army bullet.
Humphrey claims that it in no
wise interferes with the effectiveness
of the missile. The slight indenta
tion in the steel jacket, he says,
causes no splintering when It comes
in contact with the bone. The wound
of the narcotic bullet, according to
his theory, does not differ from that..
caused by the regulation bullets now
used in the approved army cartridges.
No deleterious effects will follow -the.
unique administration of the drug.
The soldier, receiving a slight flesh
wound from the new bullet, fights no
more that day; he. calmly stretches
himself on the ground and goes to
The man receiving a serious wound
suffers no agony, as the narcotic
from the bullet is absorbed by his
system and he is insensible to pain
before he reaches the hospital.
The man whose wound is mortal
sleeps away his last hours, thus do
ing away with most of the :battle field
horror. The fleeing burglar is shot
in the arm, runs forward a short dis
tance, stretches himself on the side
walk, and all the policeman has to do
is to summon an ambulance and haul
him away. The big game hunters,
Humphrey says, will feel no fear of
a counter-stroke from a wounded
tiger, lion, or grizzly bear. Although
the bullet may make but a slight
wound, the game is as good as bag
ged once it is struck.
YEGGMAN AT FORT MOTTE.
Tried to Enter Post Office But Was
The State says a fourth visit of
yeggmen has been reported. An at
tempt was made early Sunday morn
ing, just three hours before the King
ville robbery, to enter the post office
at Fort Motte.
A stranger appeared at Fort Motte
Saturday. He represented himself to
Town Marshall Furtick to be a de
tective of the United States post of
fice department, and inquired as to
whether or not the marshal would
care to do some sleuth work for that
department. The stranger wanted to
know, too, whether the marshal
would be on duty Saturday night.
The questions aroused suspIcion.
Saturday night Marshal Furtick
took a position on a perch in view of
the post office and waited. About 1
o'clock Sunday morning he saw a
man appear at the post office, feeling
his way about with a flashlight. It
was too dark for Towa Marshall Fur
tick to distinguish any one.
Coming off his perch in order to
get a nearer view of the mysterious
arty. Furtick stumbled and the noise
that he made was heard by the man
at the post office. Furtick fired as
the man snrinted toward the river in
the direction of Kingville. The pur
suit continued for some distance with
Furtick firing as he ran, until the
party with the flashlight disappeared
in the darkness. Whether it was his
detective friend or not Furtick never
Sheriff Hill at St. Matthews was
communicated with and asked to
brng his bloodhounds to the scene,
but the sheriff sai'l that as every
thing was extremely dry the dogs
ould not work. At 4 o'clock Sunday
morning the' post omce at Kinaville
was ro~bbed by two yngs, making
the fourth 'ob in as many days. As
et no arrests have been made.
PUPTLS FLEE PANIC-STRICKEN.
eave School 'Building When Light
ning Strikes Oil Tank.
At New Orleans several hundred
anic-stricken school children fled
rom the Asheville' School building
n a blinding rain storm, when light
ing struck an oil tak belonging to
he Texas Oil Company and set fire to
:he more than two million gallons of
rude oil which it contained. There
~vas no explosion, but .the flames
urst forth in an instant and enor
ous volumes of black smoke as
ended to a height of more than a
housand feet. A half dozen other
arge tanks nearby were endangered
y the heat.
Convicted of Unusual Offense
At Savannah Isaac Silva on trial for
ausing the death of Marion Leonard,
chorus girl, by giving her an in jec
o of morphine, was convicted of
voluntary manslaughter, In com~mi
ion of unlawful act. He was se" ten