Newspaper Page Text
V. XXvII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 28. 1913 NO.46
BIT TO IXINO
WANT SIPtRATE CARS FOR
BLACK AND WHITE
NO MIXED PULLMAN LAR
South Caronna Railroad Commission
ers Address Letter to Pullman Com
pany Solicitor Condemning Prac
tice of Selling Berths to Negroes on
Severe condemnation of the Pull
man Company for selling negroes
bearths in Pullman cars with white
people was voiced by the South Car
olina railroad commission Wednes
day night in a letter addressed to F.
B. Daniels, the general solicitor of
the company in Chicago, by John G.
Richards, the chairman. Mr. Richards
ards, the chairman. Mr. Richards
tells the Pullman Company that he
is -aware of the fact that the train on
which he found a negro man in a
Pullman car was an interstate train,
but warns against the company con
tinuing to aggravate the white peo
ple in this manner or else an appeal
will be made to congress for relief.
The letter, which was made public
Wednesday night, follows:
"On May 14, 1913, 1 boarded a
Pullman car at Rock Hill, S. C., for
Columbia, S. C., and was assigned by
the Pullman conductor to a berth or
seat No. 11, and was shocked to find
that Berth No. 12 was occupied by a
negro man. Practically every re
servation upon this car was occupied
by white ladies and gentlemen.
"Southern Railway Train No. 31,
as, of course, you know, is an inter
state train and is under national con
trol. South Carolina, however, has
on her statute books a law which
undertakes to separate races-in travel
upon all trains operating in this
State. There are "separate coach"
laws in every Southern State through
which this train operates and carries
your Pullman cars. While we may
not be able to reach your company
for having violated the letter of our
law, you most certainly are guilty of
a violation of its spirit and purpose,
and the railroad commission of South
Carolina feels that it should express
to you in no uncertain terms its qon
demnation of your conduct in selling
passage to negroes and affording
them accomodations on the same
coaches upon which you have white
women and white men passengers.
"As you are aware, the Pullman
Company operating in the South Is
sustained almost entirely by its
white patrons, and these do not pro
pose to submit to conditions which
will permit negroes to occupy the
"We know full well that national
law requires your company to give
equ4 accomodations to both whites
and blacks, but there is no law which
prevents your furnishing separate ac
commodations for the races, just as
our 'separate coach' law requires the
railroads to do in South Carolina.
There are many legal ways open to
your company, that If resorted to,
would remove the necessity for your
company forcing this indignity upon
your white patrons in the South, and
the people of South Carolina will
most certainly expect you to provide
accommodations in future that will
effectually separate the races.
"Through the exposure of this re
cent occurrence, it has been brought
to our attention that your companly
ha3 frequently within recent months
violated the spirit of the South Caro
lina law. With the opening and clos
lug of the negro college at Orange
burg, S. C., we have been informed
that your company sells to negroes
reservations on the cars that you
know are occupied by white ladies
"The railroad commission of South
Carolina is aware of the fact that it
may entail some additional expense
upon your company to provide sep
arate accommodations for the races
while you are operating within this
State. but we are of the decided
opinion that If you do not do so. and
speedily, you will sustain far great
er loss through those who will posi
tively refose to patronize your com
"We wish to impress upon you this
fact: That we propose to continue
to give this matter our personal su
pervision and see to it that the peo
ple of South Carolina are kept thor
oughly informed as to what your
practice is in future, and if you do
not voluntarily give us the relief, we
will appeal to our Representatives in
Congress for national legis! that
will compel you to meet the ands
of the white people of tAis ?tate,
and of the South generally."
Must Have Been Crazy.
At Sparta, Wis., William Hogue,
seventy years of age, beat his aged
wife to death with a poker, fatally
shot his daughter, Mrs. Guy Wilson,
wounded his son-In-law Wilson, then
took his own life, by cutting his
throat. Hogue, angered at the turn
he fancied family affairs had taken,
first killed his wife, tben attacked
the Wilsons in their home half a mile
distant. He returned to his dead
wife's side to commit suicide.
Great Loss From Fires.
A dispatch from Warren, Pa., says
the latest reports from the territory
swept by forest fires indicate a loss
of half a million. Flames swept from
Tidioute to Ludlow, burning over an
area of two hundred square miles.
Explosion kills Three.
Seventeen hundred pounds of pow
der in a mine magizine at Sackhart,
Md., exploded recently, killing three
men and doing damage to nearby
houses estimated at thousands of dol
DEATH COMES AT LAS1
THE MACON BANKER DIES AFTE
The Young Business Man Goes to H
End With Resignation That Con
After quietly facing for a week t
inevitable result of his mistake I
taking bichloride of mercury, thin]
ing it headache tablet, B. Sandei
Walker, prominent young banker am
realty dealer of Macon Ga., die
Thursday morning at 1:35 o'clock.
Members of the family had gathei
ed at his bedside several days ag
when the doctors announced thei
was no hope for him, and to thei
Mr. Walker gave no sign of a tremo:
but went to his death with a resil
nation that has rendered the cas
more than usually interestin
throughout the country.
During the last day he was undE
the influence of opiates most of tb
time but in conscious intervals gav
evidence that he was notsuffering.
Scores of sympathetic inessage
were received by the family and man
of them were in the nature of inqu:
ries as to the treatment being give
Mr. Walker. It has been impossible t
find out definitely what course tb
physicians took as they have refuse
to talk except to briefly trace th
progress of the poison's slow bu
GIetmbers of the fsmily are quote
as expressing much dissatisfactio:
with some of the reports that hav
originated in Macon. They declar
that Mr. Walker remained constantl
in his bed room after it was discover
ed that he had taken the fatal dos
Interest of specialists and the pub
lic generally throughout the countr
has been aroused by the fortitud
with which the young banker ha
combated the slow, but steady, worl
of the deadly posion. CountIes
messages conveying sympathy an
suggesting methods of treatmen
have flooded the Walker home.
Despite assurances of the certaint
of. death as a result of his paralyze
organs, Walker's belief that he woul
recover was not shaken at a lat
hour. Repeatedly Wednesday h
sought to comfort his wife, strugglin
to bear up under the trying ordeal.
The young banker also displaye
keen interest in the conferences hell
by his physicians and begged hi
nurse to tell him exactly what con
clusions they had reached.
Walker frequently requested, unti
he became intermittently unconsciou
to be permitted to talk with his re
latives, practically all of his immed
late family having been summned t
the patient's home when he becam
LOVED HER TO THE END.
Leave Big Fortune to the Childrei
of Old Sweetheart.
Although he lost the hand of a gir
he wooed in his youth, James Care:
Russell, head of a coffee brokerag
house in New York, kept green th
memories of his romance and reveal
ed them in his will in which he be
queathed $25,000 to each of the thre
children of the woman he had hopei
some day to marry.
Russell died a bachelor and hi
most intimate friends were ignoran
that he even had a boyhood romance
When he left Norwichtown, Conn.. a
a young man in 1880, to seek his for
tune in New York, he hoped to g
back some day for Mfary Walt, onl:
daighter of former Congressma:
John Turner Walt. But it happene
that in Washington she met Joh:
Howard Welles, a nephew of Liz
con's secretary of the navy, and ac
cepted his proposal of marriage.
The Welles had three childrer
.Tohn Phillip, who is now a catto:
broker in Norwich, Conn., Winnifrec
aged twenty-one, and Russell, now
student at Cornell. who was name
for James C. Russell. After th
death of Mr. Welles In 1907. Russel
+nok an1 interest in his rival's chil
ren and on his own deathbed las
Mfarch he sent word for Mrs. Welle!
who was also dying, of his decislo
o provide for her children. She die
two weeks ago.
LAWYER SOME F~IHTER.
Knocked Out Five Men at Once an
the Same Time.
At Atlanta Mr. Burton Smith, we'
known attorney and brother of Sent
tor Hoke Smith, on Tuesday afte
noon thrashed five men who objecte
to him conversing in the corridors c
the court rooms in the Throwe
building with a woman witness in th
famous Crawford will case. Two c
the men, C. W. Walton, of Buckhea
and W. H. Byrd. 41 West Twelft
Street, were badly beaten up, bot
showing back eyes and concussion
on their faces where Smith struc
them. The other three men als
were given severe drubbings befor
friends and policemen separated tb
belligerents. Mr. Smith has only on
This Patient Got Well.
A well known Wedgefield phys
clan, discussing the case of B. Sai
iers Walker of Macon suprised h
auditors by telling them that he ha
a patient a few years ago who tool
through mistake, six consecutive se'
en-grain tablets of bichloride of me
cury four hours apart. The patiex
had a vomiting spell after takin
each tablet, which Is all that save
Murder of Girl a Mystery.
Although the police have five me
under arrest in connection with ti
murder of Grace Johnston. a schot
girl, on Sionday near Blackburn, Pa
the detectives and State constabulai
continue the search for the guili
FOUND A BIG SNAKE
COILED IN A CHARLESTON PRI
VATE MAIL BOX.
Head and Part of Body Out of Slit
Intended for Letters, but Most of
Snake Inside Box.
To extend one's arm to place some
mail in a perfectly innocent-looking
mail box and have a three-foot snake c
grin in your face is not the pleasant
est experience that can occur to one,
the average man will admit. The
News and Courier says this was exact- 2
ly what happerded to Letter Carrier I
Charles B. Claussen Wednesday
morning. The snake, it is said by one
who saw It, was probably harmless, I
but It was certainly vicious in appear- c
ance and for a time shivers were f
coursing along- several of the spines I
In the immediate neigbborhood of a
the snake, which was finally killed d
by two negroes.
Letter Carrier Claussen's route f
takes him to lower King street, t
Charleston, where a large proportion t
of the houses are equipped with -
private mail boxes and some of these t
boxes are of considerable dimensions. a
The letter carrier had, as usual, is- l
sorted his mail according to numbers c
and was going his cheerful way, C
when he came to such a box and, d
taking the mail consigned for this P
number from his pile, he was abou- b
to Insert In the slit in the box. It t
was not inserted for some time, how- a
ever. The startled carrier saw the r
head of a snake sticking through the
slit in the mail box. Said head was
waving nonchalantly to and fro and a
very businesslike tongue was pro
trading in a manner which would :
have spoken volumes to a mail car- c
rier or anybody else. t
The greater part of the snalec's ,
body was inside the box, as later in
vestigation proved. A portion of the d
body and the head was ottside. com
Ing through which mail is dropped
Into the box. Apparrently the snake
had crawled Into the mail box, no
other explanamation of its unwel
come presence there appearing likely.
When the mail carrier saw the C
head of the snake pointing In, such
a direct manner at him, he hesitated I
about Insulting the reptile by any c
rude action, such as trying to squeeze I
the letters in through the slit while U
the snalce's head was occupying part n
of It. But, of course, the letters had
to be delivered and the problem of D
the snakce in the box to be faced- .
Meanwhile the mail carrier's di- t
lemma began to attract the attention
of passersby, who stopped to gaze at $
the queer and unusual spetcacle of a a
snake in a King street mail box. r
They were careful, however, not to r
stop too near to the box, because
there was no way of telling what fa
cilities that snake had for getting
out of the box, and since it had been
able to get in and appeared to be so
comfortable, It took very little rea
soning power to conclude that It t
could get out the same way It got in r
whenever it chose. So no one wast
taking any chances.
No one, that Is,'until two colored l1
men, probably wise In the ways of
snakes, happened along the street c
and saw the trouble. They ran to a E
wagon which was passing, seized a
heavy whip and, returning, made s~
short work of Mister Snake. When a
the reptile was killed and examined
it was found to be a fairly thick s~
green snake, about three feet In ti
length. The species of the snake s.
could not -be ascertained, but it is k
said to have been harmless. o
AIKEN FAMILY POISONED. tl
One Child Has Succumbed and Three
Others May Die. l
Advices received at Aiken latee
Thursday afternoon state that Mr. s'
Matt Clark and seven children, of
White Pond, are suffering from pto- 1
maine poisoning, caused by eating q
Two physicians have been in con
stant attendance, but despite this b
fact, one child is already dead, and V
three others are not expected to live. S
For . Mr. Clark and the remaining a
children, the physicians still hold out P
some hope. I
The afflictions visited upon this b
family during the past six days are 0
most tragic and unusual. Just about b
a week ago, the father and ten of his a
children were bitten by a dog who '
had the rabies.
The entire party was carried to h
Columbia for treatment and had just I
returned home, when this second s
blow fell upon them. The wife and a
mother is beside herself with grief. b
THREE BICHLORIDE TABLETS. s
Wealthy Sioux City Mfan Takes Poi
son Purposely. c
After swallowing three bichloride si
of mercury tablets Wednesday night, o
Robert Palmer, member of a wcalthy tl
family of Sioux City, Iowa, is await- ti
ing slow death from the poison. ti
Palmer -was In a hotel when he took ti
the tablets. He rushed into the streets y
shoutings, "I've done It, I've done it." b
A policeman overpowered him and he 1,
was sent to a hospital, where It wasb
reported that Palmer was resigned to s
his fate. He will die in about ten e
days from the time he took the drug. u
Helps Charleston Out.
The Post says the pay roll of the ;e
civilian employees at the Charles- ' r
ton navy yard continues to grow with e
an increasing number of mechanics I:
at work, pressing close to 900 men, 1:
with an expenditure for salaries and s
wages of nearly $60,000 a month. t
The yard continued to be one of the i
most active industrial establishments
of that section, with much work in
progress and more coming up, to I
maintain the size of the workingj
force nd the amount of the pay roll. 1
THREE MEN KILLEE
NINE WOUNDFD BY ACCIDENT Al
A BIG GUN FLARES BALE
a Privates Baxter, Christensen and
Dalton% Killed, Two Former Being
d Cut in Two and Capt Hanna Re.
ported Badly Wounded in Side bl
Fragment from the Block.
e The News and Courier says three
a soldiers were killed and 9 or more
7, seriously injured late Thursday nighi
at Fort Moultrie when the breecb
e blew off a three-inch gun which was
g being used for night target practice.
Privates Baxter, Christensen and Dal
r ton were killed, the former two be
e ing cut in two and dying instantly.
e Capt. Hanna, who was standing
with several other officers of the
9 coast artillery, was badly wounded
y In the side by a fragment from the
exploded cannon, Sergt. Lamar, of
a the hospital corps, was injured in the
D right arm and hand. Several were
e slightly wounded by the explosion.
I It was stated by a resident of Sul
e livan's Island that several officers
t were reported wounded, Capt. Hanna
being one of them. He said that it
I was diffcult to learn just how many
i were wounded when the fragments
a of the cannon scattered among the
? soldiers close by.
F It was reported that the breech had
- not been properly closed after the in
sertion of a cartridge and that when
- the cap was exploded the breech was
r thrown back with terrific force.
The wounded men were rushed to
5 the post hospital, where Immediate
I attention was given them. Several
s Charleston physicians, responding to
I the alarm, went hurriedly to the fort
t and assisted In taking care of the vic
r The men killed were members of
the Sixteenth company, which was
firing the guns of the battery. A
hurry call was sent to Charleston for
surgeons and several responded to
assist the two army doctors in care
ing for the injured.
The semi-annual spring practice
was begun that morning, starting
5 with the firing of the mortars at
- Battery Carpon, under the new army
regulations the practice is to be en
I gaged in at night as well as day.
The facts of the accident were hard
to get Thursday. An offcer who
was asked for a statement would not
discuss it except in a general was,
since the accident will be a matter of
official Investigation by a court of in
FOUND IN COTTON FIELD.
Spartanburg Baby Lost in Runaway
F A Spartanburg special to The News
B and Courier says G. N. Nichols, his
a wife, two-year-old daughter and
- nursing baby were riding in a buggy
- Sunday afternoon on their way home
a to Fairmont from that city when the
I horses took fright and ran away. As
the horse turned sharply to one side
5 of the road, Mr. Nicholls was thrown
-The two-year-old child next fell out
5 of the side of the lurching buggy and
- the horse darted across a cotton field,
> where the baby was deposited. About
F half a mile further down the road
Sthe horse ran the buggy against a
Stree and Mrs. Nichols was thrown out
1 and painfully but not seriously in
The mother, father and two-year
old child scrambled to their feet and
eventually met. In a perfect tremor
Sof apprehension they then started to
find the baby. In the cotton patch,
Ssitting up on a tiny hillside, crowing
and cooing, the little mite was found
I-a picture if happiness.
t COLLISION OF MOTORCYCLES.
I One Young Lady Killed and Three
Obther Persons Are Hurt.
At Fort Pierce, Fla., Miss Ola Dan
iels is dead; her sister, Miss Ada Dan
iels, is at the point of death, Fred
Jones has a broken leg and hip and
Raymond Saunders is badly cut about
the hip and is internally Injured
I from the effects of a head-on colli
-sion, four miles north of that town,
-late Saturday night. The boys and
I girls had been to a party at the Dan
f iels home, and the boys were riding
r the girls over the fine rock
e road when the accident occurred.
f Both machines were going at a rate
[ of sixty miles an hour when they met
In the shadow of an orange packing
b house on the road, head-on. The two
s boys and Miss Ada are not expected
k to live.
e Nine Men Were Lost.
e Nine men were drowned Sunday
e night when a storm blew a pile-driv
er and a barge ashore near Katelta,
Alaska. The men were building a
fish trap for the Northwestern Fish
- eries Company at the mouth of Mar
-tin river near Katelta. A furious
s storm started Sunday night and
d broke six anchors with which the
.pile driver and barge were made fast.
They were driven eighteen miles
'along the shore, where they struck on
Lt the beach.
d Graduates of Naval Academy.
Senator Tillman's bill allowing the
Secretary of the Navy to assign grad.
uates from the Naval Academy to the
n lowest commissioned grades In the
e marine corps, or staff corps of the
>1 navy, was ordered favorably reported.
.,The bill would also nullify the Act o1
7 1903. reducing the allotment at the
* Academy of each Congressman from
two to oneand would griva each the
SOME PLAIN FACTS
PHOWING HOW PROHIBITION
HAS PAID KANSAS.
That It Has Done for That State it
Will Do for This and Other States
is Set Out In the Following Article.
Hon. John S. Dawson, Attorney
eneral of Kansas, delivered an ad
ress at Chicago,- April, 1912, on
'What Prohibition Has Done for
[ansas". The constitutional amend
aent prohibiting the manufacture
,nd sale in the State, of Intoxicating
iquor except for medical, scientific,
.nd mechanical purposes, was adopt
d in November, 1880. It has, there
ore, been in operation long enough
t afford a reasonable test of the ef
ects of State-wide prohibition. Mr.
awson acknowledges that for quite
, number of years the law was openly
efied in many of the larger towns
,nd cities. It took a long bitter fight
r the people of Kansas to convince
he law-defying liquor interest that
hey were really in earnest about
anishing the infamous traffic from
heir State. But they are convinced
t last an~d for some time the prohi
ition laws of the State have .been as
onsistently enforced as those against
ther common forms of crimbal con
uct. In estimating the resuits 'of
rohibition, however, allowance must
e made for the delay occasioned by
ais protracted battle against an
rchy, and yet, in spite of this, these
sults, as summed up by the Attor
ey General, are thoroughly convinc
g. Here'are a few of the more
nportant of them:
1. Illiteracy has 'been reduced
rom 49 per cent. to less than 2 per
ent. and this is confined almost en
rely to the foreign element in the
utheastern portion of the State.
2. Eighty-seven of the one hun
red and five counties of the State,
ave no insane, fifty-four have no
,eble-minded, and ninety-six have no
iebriates. There is only one pauper
i every three thousand population.
'hirty-eight poor farms have no in
iates. In July, 1911, fifty-three
aunty jails were empty, and sixty
ve counties had no prisoner serv
ig sentence some counties have not
iled a jury to try a criminal case
ten years, and a grand jury is so
common that half the people would
ot know what it is..
3. In 1880 the bank savings de
osit in Kansas were $30,000,000;
)-day they are $200,000,000. The
Late is now the richest per capita in
le Union, the average wealth being
1,700, whereas the average for the
ation is only $1,200. Missouri, which
djoins Kansas and is rich in natural
sources, has an average of less than
300. During the panic of 1907,
ansas sent $50,000,000 to New
ork to relieve the money market,
'hile Missouri sent nothing.
4. In 1880 the death rate in Mich
an, Wisconsin, Iowa and Kansas
as practically the same, seventeen
the thousand. Since the death
It of Kansas has gradually fallen
11 It Is now only seven and one-half.
hile of the other States has slight
5. The per capita cost of intoxi
ting liquors In Missouri is $24; In
:ansas is $1.48.
6. It has demonstrated that the
loon is not a business, but a par
aite on business.
7. It has taken politics out of the
loons and the saloons out of poll
cs. Every political party in Kan
is now stands for prohibition, and
eeping joints, dives, and br..thels
ut of cities as much the business
licy of the average city as keeping
ie streets clean, water pure, and the
ublic parks attractive.
In answer to the question as to the
~altive value of prohibition and high
cense as a means of abolishing the
is of intoxicating liquors, Mr. Daw
m says: There is no relative value.
*igh license is not a means of abol
hing the evils of intoxicating 11
ors. The only solution of the li
nor business Is a bad business. It
a bad business, and a tax upon a
ad business, a cruel, vicious, and
icked business, means that the
tate says to the rum seller: You
re corrupting the morals of my peo
le, you are undermining the man
ood of my young men, you are rob
ing the cheeks of my young women
their .bloom, you are poisoning the
lood of my babes, you are wrecking
ty homes. filling my jails, and fur
!shing a spawn for the brothel.
ou are at the back of all the vil
inies of the age, and are turning my
eople into drunkards, lunatics, and
.icides, and you make a very large
mount of money out this infamous
usiness, and I shall require you to
:and and deliver to me a very con
derable portion of this dirty moniey
'hich you are making in this villain
Does prohibition prohibit? "Of
urse not," answers Mr. Dawson.
Neither does a gun shoot nor a ship
all nor a piano make music of its
wn accord. It takes a man behind
e gun to make it shoot, a sailor to
sail the ship, and an artist to play
ae piano; so, too, with the prohibi
on law. It will sleep away the
ears in the musty tomes of a law
ook and never prohibit anything un
ss there are faithful executives be
id it." It has been shown in Kan
as, he declares, that it can be enforc
d even in a community where pop
lar sentiments is against it. "It
akes just three men," he says, "to
o it, a judge, a sheriff, and a pros
cuting attorney. These three and
o more, who fear God and nobody
lse, and determined to enforce the
aw-not all the saloon keepers and
rewers and all their followers and
yipathizers can prevail against
hem. Most imuportant of these three
the judge, and that is the officer to
rhom the liquor Interests give the
rost attention and the temperance
eople the least. You must have a
udge, or your law enforcement is,
mound to b inefficient.
TAXED TO DEATH
JAPAN COULD NOT ENDURE ANT
TERRIFIC INCOME TAX
Letter from Consul General at Yoko
hama Shows What Lengths Japan
ese Are Willing to Go to Support
Government, But the Taxes Are a
Apropos of two questions of pres
ent interest to the people of the Unit
ed States is a communication just re
ceived from Consul General Thomas
Sammons, stationed at.Yokohama, on
the income tax in Japan.
The information from Consul Gen
eral Sammons is striking from two
points ef view. It indicates the as
tonishing lengths to which the people
of Japan have been willing to go In
supportting their Government, and it
indicates that they could not well en
dure any additional financial burden
at this time.
Mr. Sammons says that a new in
come tax law has been adopted in
the Island Empire. Under the for
mer law the rate on private incomes
began with 2 per cent. on incomes
above $150 a year, rising successive
ly to 2% per cent. on incomes be
tween $250 and $500, to 3% per
cent. on incomes between $500 and
$1,000, to 4 per cent. on incomes be
tween $1,000 and $1,500, to 4% be
tween $1,500 and $2,500, to 6 be
tween $2,500 and $5,00, to 7% be
tween $5,000 and $1,500, to 9% be
tween $7,500 and $10,000, to 11%
between $10,000 and $15,000, to 14
between $25,000 and $50,000 and to
20 1-3 per cent. on all above $50,
As if the old rate were not heayy
enough, the new law provides for a
tax of 2% per cent. on all private in
:omes below $500 a year, for 3% on
ill between that figure and $10,000,
!or 4% between $1,000 and $1,500,
!or 5% between $1,500 and $2,500,
lor 7 between $2,500 and $3,500, for
3% between $3,500 and $5,000, for
10 between $6,000 and $7,500, for
12 -between $7,500 and $10,000, for
Eourteen between $10,000 and $15,
000, for 16 between $15,000 and
25,000, for 18 between $25,000, and
25,000, and $25,000, for 20 between
35,000 and $50,000, and for 22 pjer
:ent. on all private incomes above
On commercial incomes the eld law
exacted 4% per cent. Miow $2,500 a
rear, whereas the new law reduces
:his tax to 40 per cent. Between $2,
500 and $5,000, however, -commercial
ncomes have to pay 5 .per clent., an
increase over the former rate. Be
:ween $5,000 and $7,500 the rate is
iow 6 per cent., as compared to the
previous rate of 5. Between $7,500
mnd $10,000 the Japanese merchant
nust pay now 8 per cent., instead of
3%, as formerly. Between $15,000,
md $100,000 this rate now runs
~rom 9 to 13 per cent., when it used
: run from 8% to 12 .
The puzzle is now the Japanese cit
zen manages to exist under such a
burden of taxation, which would
:ause the overthrow of. any Occiden
:al Government. That any nation
truggling under such a financial load
would venture on war with a country
ike the United States over a ques
ion such as now agitates the Pacific
oast states is almost inconceivable.
WAS GiVEN LIFE TERM.
Por Murdering His Own One-Day-Old
At Waycross, 'Ga., W. C. Lainier
ecently was sentenced to life impris
)ment in the penitentiary by Judge
arker, of the Ware Superior Court.
Ganier 'was convicted of murdering
is infant son, one day old. The
risoner's eyes filled with tears as he
eard the words condemning him to
rison for the remainder of his life
md the .Judge was not unmoved.
zanier is but twenty-two years old.
udge 'Parker referred to the need of
nore care on the part of parents of
:he present day and alluded to the
resent-day fashions as one cause of
:rime. Ware Superior Court will re
onvene in special session June 23 to
:ry Mrs. Lanier, who was jointly in
licted with her husband for the death
>f their child.
"FERTILIZER KING" DROWNED.
Fi. 0. Painter Falls From Ferry Boat
Into St. John River.
E. 0. Painter, "the Fertilizer
King", was drowned at 9:30 Thurs
lay morning by falling from a ferry
oat into the St. John's River. Mr.
Painter was seized with a fit of
oughing and fell from the boat sink
[ng immediately. He was a million
ire and carried $500,000 insurance.
Ee had only applied Thursday morn
Eng for an additional $50,000. He
was at the head of the big fertilizer
plant of E. 0. Painter and Company,
md half of the insurance is in favor
>f the firm, sthe remainder of the
Why Not Paddle Him?
At Saluda Jullan Warren, white,
was lodged in jail Tuesday afternoon
by the rural policemen charged with
cursing a young lady of the McNary.
Ferry vicinity on Monday. He man-|
aged to elude the policemen until
Tuesday morning, when it was learn
ed that he was in Batesburg, where
he was arrested and brought to
Crazy Man Kills Five.
A patient of the Idaho State In
sane Asylum Wednesday ran amuck
-3uand kile fiether patients.
TELL AIYIUL I[AL '
DIARY Of RESCUED IAN RECORB
COLD' ARTIE REGilUNS
Story of German Arctic Expedition
Which Met Disaster at Spitzberger
Given by Artist Herr Eave-Suf
ferred Dreadfully from Fromen
Limbs, Lack of Food and Drink.
A description of the terrible suf
fering undergone by members of the
German Arctic expedition, command
ad by Lieut Schroeder Stranz, which- -
met disaster in Spitzbergen, is -given
In the diary of the artist Herr Rave
one of those rescued.
He telegraphed extracts Thursday -
from Advent Bay, giving details of:'
the movements of the expedition af
ter Its members had abandoned theltr
ressel, the Herzog Ernst, Septemebr ,
21, 1912. The extracts in -some.
places are incomplete and almost In
wherent. They say:
"The proposal to abandon the ship
came from Capt. Ritschel at the be
ginning of September. The vessel
then had provisions for four months,
besides a large supply of condesed$
foods, and she was otherwise well
"The party started for Advent Bay
and reached a hut on Wide Bay o4.
October 4. Dr. Rudiger, the ocean
grapher, was suffering then fro -a
half frozen foot, two of his toes be
Ing In bad condition. I offered to re
main with him there until the others
:ould bring back help. The.hut con
tained a month's provisions.
"Dr. Rudiger and I were without
tools, sleeping bags or lights.- I melt
ad some fat and made lights and ;
tashioned some sleeping bags from:'Th
salted skins, which I found In the ,'
tut. Dr. Rudiger's foot. became -
worse and there was no more band
"The provisions ran out and we.
eft the hut November 23, hoping to
egain the ship. We suffered sever
y, hring nothing to drink, but we
Inally reached a hut at Mossel Bay,
where we found some hard and
"We remained there three days
luring a storm and then started
again for the ship, guiding ourselves
>y the stars. We arrived at the ship
)n December 1.
"Dr. Rudiger meanwhile had sRt
'ered greatly, two more of hia, toes
tnd four fingers having been frozen,
while his foot became-so bad that It
iad to be amputated. The guides
mnd sailors of the expedition return
-d unexpectdly to the ship Decem
>er 24, reporting the loss of Eber
iardt. The had no news of Dr. Dett
ners or Dr. Moeser, the 'botanist.
rhey said Sapt. Ritschel had gone
n alone to Advent Bay.
"Stave died February 24, and the
forwegan relief expedition, comn
nanded by Capt. Stairud, appeared
The expedition started last sum
ner under the patronage of the Duke
>f Altenburg with the object of find
ng the northeast passage.
WOMAN STARVED TO DEATH..
Found Dead in a Handsomely Fur$
nished Old Mansion.
In a large residence at Yonkers, N.
r., occupied by herself and brother -
m a fashionable residence street, Ada
unscomb, a middle aged spinster,
i-as found dead Thursday night, a
ictim of starvation, according to the
:oroner. Searchers found no food in
:he house. A physician was called
y S. Dunscomb, aged 60, the wo
nan's abrother, who found the woman
n a couch in a room, her body clad
n rags. The Dunscomb residence
ias been a house of mystery to the.
aeighbors for twelve .years when the
amily moved there. The blinds have
1,ways -been drawn. No servants were
mployed and no visitors have- been
een at the mansion. Officials say
ostly old furniture is falling to
pieces from neglect. . Dust has accu
nulated, apparently, for years.
HERO OF EPISODE GONE.
apt. Frank Wilson, Master of the
Capt. Frank Wilson, who was for
nerly In command of the Alaska-Pa
:ific passenger liner Buckman, has
>een missing for more than three
nonths. On February 1 he left his
iome at San Francisco, saying he
ould return In a few hours. Three
lays later he was seen in Los Ange
es, but no trace of hIm has been
'ound since. Wilson was the hero of
he pirate episode on the Buckman
n 1910, when two robbers attempt
d to seize gold treasure when the -
essel was off the coast of Oregon.
fter Capt. Wood had been shot, Wil
on, then mate, overcame the two
Gone to the Canal Zone.
Representatives Byrnes and Lever,
, the South Carolina delegation, ac
:ompanied -by their wives, left Wash
ngton Friday for New York, whence
they will sail for the Canal Zone.
Killed by Brother-in-law.
Mile Martin. for many years agent
of the Central of Georgia Railroad at
Dunlap, nine miles from Athens,
Ga., was shot to death Wednesday
afternoon by his brother--In-law.
Death of H. M. Flagler.
Henry M. Flagler passed quietly
away at Ocean View cottage, Palm
Beach, Fla., at 10 o'clock Monda
MAKING SOME CHANUMW
ELDHNATING NEGROES FROM
Where They Have Precedence Over
Hundreds of White Men and Wo
A Washington letter says as a gen
eral thing, this Administration is not
disposed to cater to the colored vote
by letting negroes hold oftes which
carry authority. The President's
Cabinet may not be absolutely a unit
in its view of this matter, but -it
comes nearer being unanimous about
the desirability of observing the
racial line than any other Adminis
tration since the war.
The colored Assistant Attorney
General of the United States, who
was appointed by President '"aft, has
been eliminated by the simple process
of abolishing his office, and the same
plan is being considered with regard
to the $4,000 position of register of
the treasury; now held by J. C. Na
pier, of Mississippi.
This place has been considered the
special plum of "the colored brother"
for many years. Secretary of the
Treasury McAdoo recently referred to
First Assistant Secretary John Skel
ton Williams the question of what to
do about Napier's place, and Mr. Wil
lams is believed to have reported
that it could be dispensed with with
out impairing the efficiency of the
service in the least.
Secretary McAdoo and Assistant
Secretary Williams are both South
ern men and fully appreciate the un
desirability of having negroes in of
ficial positions where they have prec
edence over hundreds of white men
and women employees, to say nothing
of the public.
An order has been promulgated by
Mr. Williams requiring that the white
and colored clerks in the treasury
department shall not eat together at
lunch, but that separate places for
their recreation, shall be provided.
And not a murmur has been, heard
against this change in Washington,
which is really very tired of the un
due "swing" which has been hereto
fore allowed the negro for political
WORKING FOR A NEW COUNTY.
Wagener Aspires to be Its County
Seat If It. Is Made.
Lexington, May 21.-Special: An
other effort is being made -by the peo
ple of Wagener to secure a new coun
ty, the name of which is to be Edisto,
with Wagener as the county seat.
Petitions has been filled with the gov
ernor asking that an election be or
dered on the proposed new county,
according to information received
E. B. Jackson, cashier of the Bank
of Wagener, and J. Ray Gantt, dis
penser at Wagener, spent a portion
of to-day in Lexington looking up the
registration books with a view to se
ertaininly just how many qualified
lectors are in the Lexington territory
proposed to -be taken in the new area.
Both Mr. Jackson and Mr. Gantt are
ethusiastic over the movement.
The proposition Is to get enough
territory from Lexington, Alken and
rangeburg counties to make up the
requisite number of equare miles and
the necessary amount of taxable
property. If the new county is es
ablished It -will take away from Lex-1
ngton the towns of Pelion, Thor.
Samaria, and Steedman, together
with a large portion of the Black
creek and Edisto sections.
The new county would take a large
ortion of rich territory from Alken
also, and a good portion fromr Or
ageburg, It is said. It would be
well for the people living In the
sections of the old counties proposed
to be cut off who do not want to
make any change to bestir them
selves. The new county, if formed,
which is very doubtful, would not be
very rich one.
DANIEL TRIES AIRSHIP.
Secretary of Navy Travels Eight
Miles Through Air.
Secretary of the Navy Josephus
Daniels Wednesday afternoon travel
led eight miles through the air In a
fying boat. "It was delightful; I en
joyed the sensation thoroughly," was
the Secretary's reply to an Inquiry
just after he alighted. The Secretary
went up with Lieut. John H. Towers,
senior officer of the navy aviation
orps, whose camp is across the river
from the Naval Academy at Annap
ois. The flight was made in the fly-1
ug boat C-1. The air trip was beguni
at four minutes to four o'clock. Eight
minutes later the trip was over anda
the Secretary, after travelling about<
eight miles at a height of 500 feet,
was telling of his experience.
Goes With All-State Nine.
The Spartanburg Herald says: "In
selecting an All-State team last week,
Frank Dobson, the coach of the Clem
son baseball team, included the name
of Wallace Bethea, the Wofford
catcher. The local admirers of the
little receiver were not surprised at
the honor conferred upon Bethea, as
he has been one of the mainstays of
the Wofford team during the past sea
son. Though not a spectacular play
er, be possesses few equals in college
circles as a receiver. His work has
been a feature of all the games in
which he has participated and has
been a large factor in the excellent
showing of his team."
South Carolina Plums.
The president sent the following
nominations of South Carolina post
masters to the Senate Thursday:
Joseph M. Poulnot, Charleston; J. F.
Way, Holly Hill; S. M. Ward, George
town: Louis Stackey, Kingstree; P.
H. Fine, Snntanburg.