Newspaper Page Text
hOr SPICY TALES
TOLD ON THE REPUBLICANS BY
TRIED TO RUN MATTERS
munhall Shows Blacklist of Congress
men-Documents Read Which Di
vided the Sheep From the Goats
Wanted Watson in the Cabinet
More Shady Transactions Shown.
Refreshed by a- two-days' rest,
Mulhall resumed his story before the
Senate investigating committee in
Washington on Monday.
The late Representative Henry C.
Loudenslager of New Jersey, who
was secretary of the Republican con
gressional committee in 1908, seem
ed to have incurred the enmity of
Mulhall in October of that year. Mul
hall wrote to Secretary Schwedtman
of the manufacturers: "I told this
gentleman that the manufacturers
-of this country were tired of 'pin
head politics and pinhead politicians'.
When I was through Mr. Louden
slager offered an apology, claiming
that he would be good from this
time on, but I plainly gave him to
understand that whea he comes up
for renomination he would hear from
Mulhall did not explain why he
had fallen out with Loudenslager.
Schwedtman wrote to Mulhl in Oc
tober: "I do hope that when James
E. Watson (of Indiana) gets a half
'dozen of his good friends (?) over
his knee and spank them to beat the
band, including your special friend,
Senator. Beveridge. I'd ha'te false
-friends more than I do the worst
.ulhall said all his accounts were
kept on his trips, evidently his wife.
She was drove crazy in the sixth
Nei; Jersey campaign," said he. "She
'kept all my accounts and she was the
best-politician I ever knew."
A Mulball expense account dated
Octcber 31, 1908, showed an item of
$300,"paid to William M. Walsh, of
the ixecutive board in the Tenth,
Eleventh and Fifteenth congressional
districts of Pennsyl'vania, to do gen
eral campaign work."
Mulhall wrote Schwedtkian: "We
have secured in the person of George
R Malby, a representative from New
York, a man who will fill the bill
entirely in Judge Jenkins' place when
he finishes his term as chairman of
the judiciary committee. This has
been entirely satisfactory to Mr.
Emery, and- I think it is a splendid
move." It developed, however, that
Valby did not get the place.
A long "blacklist" of congressmen,
Republicans and Democrats, who had
incurred the enmity of the National
SAssociation of Manufacturers and
*were -to- be opposed when they came
.up- for re-election was presented by
Malhball. .Wiliamt Hughes of New
Jersey, now senator; William :B. Wil
son, of Pennsylvania, now secretary
of labor; Thomas D. Nichols of the
Tenth Pennsylvania; George A.
Pearre of the Sixth Maryland and
John L. Burnett of the Seventh Ala
bama were described by Mulhall as
being on "the permanent blacklist",
because "they were always in favor
of labor legislation".
"A gainst all these men we made
every effort to drive them from pub
lie life," said he.
On another list Irvine L. Lenroot
and Henry A. Cooper of Wisconsin,
August.P. Gardner of Massachusetts,
-Herbert Parsons of New York, Wmn.
S. Greene of Massachusetts, Victor
Murdock of Kansas, James T. Mc
Dermott of Illinois, Champ Clark of
Missouri and Gilbert N. Haugen of
Iowa were described as "Cannon's
list" -and were In disfavor with the
organization, Mulhall swore, because
of their opposition to Speaker Can
non. On another list were "Morse
and Nelson" of Wisconsin, Harry L.
Maynard of Virginia and Louden
stager of New Jersey. Mulhall swore
the list had .been furnished by Con
gressman Watson or "by Mr. Childs",
* a clerk to the House committee on
- war claims in 1910.
November 2, 1908. two days before
election, Mulhall wrote Schwedtman:
"Following is a list of congressmen.
* I would advise having Mr. VanCleave
send telegrams to, who I feel sure
will be elected and who .have been
our friends In the, past."
The list Included Sherman, Can
non, Burleigh, Balzell, Denby,
Dwight, Fairchild, Frazzett, Fordney,
Hepburn, Kiefer, Longworth, McKin
ley, Malby,-Mann, Moon, Moore, Par
sons, Payne, Rainey, and about forty
-On November 4, 1908, Schwedt
main wrote Mulhall, "So far we have
wired only- Mr. Taft, Mr. Sherman
and Mr. Cannon."
On December 26, 1908, Schwedt
man wrote to Mulhall about sh'
might be done for Watson, speaking
of him for President Taft's cabinet.
"To urge the appointment of a cabi
net officer by public sentiment is
hardly the right thing," he wrote.
On November 23, 1908, Mulh~ali
turned his attention away from poi
tics and wrote to President G jorge
* F. Baer of the Reading Railroad
company, on Instruction of President
VanCleave, about ''an extended
strike on the anthracite coal regions
this coming year unless the labor
unions are granted concesrions and
are recognized after the first of next
Mulhall offered the "aid of the Na
tional Assocaition of Manufacturers
without cost" to help win the strike.
saying that it much desired to see th?
open shop prevail throughout the
Pennsylvania coal region. He said
the organization had many men in
Its employ who had been in touch
with the miners' union.
On Tuesday Martin M. Muihall,
confessed ex-lobbyist for the National
Association of Manfacturers, retract
ed the most serleus charge he has
made before the Senate investigating
-He swore Monday that former
Representatives James E. Watson of
Indiana had been emnployed by pri
vate interests In 1909. while he was
still a member of the House. to work
for a tariff commission bill. He tes
tified Tuesday that what he had
sworn to Monday was wrong: that
Watson was not a~ memnber of the
House at the time.
IMPROVE PARCEL POST
BURLESON INTENDS TO EXTEND
THE SCOPE OF SERVICE.
Would Abandon Parcel Post Maps,
Increase ' Yinum Weight Limit
and Redv e tesent Rates.
Plans for the extension, improve
ment and reduction in rates of the I
parcel post were announced Friday
by Postmaster General Burleson.
The changes, which are to become ef
fective on August 15, include an in
crease from 11 pounds to 20 pounds
in the maximum weight of parcels; a
material reduction in the postage
rates in the first and second zones,
and the abandonment of the parcel
post map as a means of computing
rates and the substitution for it of a
rate ohart individualized to every
post office in the United States. The t
plans contemplate the purchase of a (
large number of automobiles to be
used exclusively for the delivery of t
parcel post matter.
While, for the present, the maxi- b
mum weight limit of 20 pounds and c
the reduction in rates will apply only t
to the first and second zones, from s
any given post office-a distance of c
about 150 miles-the changes direct
ed Friday constitute the first long
step toward a universal extension of f
the system and a general reduction in f
the rates of postage on parcel mat
Mr. Burleson announced the I
changes as follows: "The first zone t
shall include the territory within the r
local delivery of any office and the
first zone-rate of postage will apply
to all parcel post mail deposited at N
any office for local delivery or for de- I
livery by city carrier or on rural
routes emanating from that post of
"The second zone shall include the t
remainder of what is now the first
zone together with the present sec
ond zone, and shall include all the
units of area located in whole or in
part within a radius of approximate
ly 150 miles from any given post of
"The rate of postage on parcels I
weighing in excess of four ounces in I
the proposed first zone will be reduc
ed from five cents for the first pourid
and one cent for each additional
pound or fraction thereof to five
cents for the first pound and one cent
for each additional two pounds or t
fraction thereof, and the rate for the
second zone will be reduced from five
cents for the first pound and three
cents for each, additional pound or
six cents for the first pound and four
cents for each additional pound or
fraction thereof to five cents for the
first pound and one cent for each ad
ditional pound or fraction thereof. t
"The maximum weight of parcel
post packages will be increased from
11 pounds to 20 pounds, the increase
of weight to apply only to the first
and second zones. No change has
been made in the size or form of the f
Under regulations recently adopt
ed the use of distinctive stamps no
longer Is mandatory and the public
now is permitted to mall parcels ivith
ordinary stamps affixed.
The insurance fee, which war, for
merly ten cents, was found to be ex-1
cessive and an order, effective July
1, reduced to five cents the fee on
parcels Insured to actual value up to
$25, and a ten-cent fee is exacted
only on parcels insured to actual
value of more than $25 and no: cx
ceeding $50. Under this arrange
ment the business of insuring pack
ages has more than doubled. partic
uarly in the sending of valuable mer
LETTER FROMI TILIMAN.
He Replies to Statement Mfade in The
The following letter is from Sena
tor B. R. Tillman to the Editor of The
Sun, a newspaper published at Or
angeburg, which explains itself.
Dear Sir:--In your paper of Fri
day, July 18, I find this:
"In the days when Tillman wast
seeking election and re-election he
was always 'whooping it up' that
every white man should be allowed
to vote. Now he seems to have gonet
back on all that and doesn't care at
rap whether the poor white gets a
registration certificate or not. Till- C
man, of course, never expects to run
for office 'again."
Candidly, Mr. Editor, isn't that un
kind as well as untrue? HonorT
bright, now, and say yes or no. 3
The only time I recall ever having
stressed, or had anything to say
about "every white man being al
lowed .o vote" was when I was urg
ing the calling of the Constitutional
Converntion and when some newspa-<
pers s era howling about the poort
man never~ being allowed to vote
again if the Constitutional Conven
tion was called. I told my friends
among the poor white people then
that I would suffer my right arm to
be taken off before I would consent
to any Constitutional provision which
did not safeguard the ballot to every
white man. They had confidence in
me enough to vote for the Constitu
tional Convention, and we got it by
a narrow margin-about two thou
sand votes in the State, I think. (
I redeemed my pledge in the Con
stitutional Convention itself by giv-t
ing three years in which the poor 1
boys about to become of age could
qualify themselves by learning to
read and write, and I would not hear3
to a property qualification except as
A man must read and write a
clause in the Constitution. or pay
taxes on three hundred dollars worth
of property. I quote from the con
I safeguarded the ballot of every
white man and at the same time
maintained white supemracy. Thou
sands of poor white men last year1
were bamboczled into believing I was
no longer their friend, and they say
"a lie well sti"-k to is as good as the
truth". I suppose that is the reason
why this story has continued to be
While I do not ever expect to run
for office again, simply because I will I
die before the six years of my term
expire. I can not tamely submit to If
have falsehoods circulated about mel'
which are absolutely unjustifia,ble as if
well as unreasonable.
Very respectfully yours,.
D' R. Timmaan jt
IFTY MEET DEATH
IRE TRAPS MANY VICTIMS IN
OME LEAP TO GROUND
'our-Story Factory Building, With
125 Inmates, Mostly Women, Gut
ted by Terrific Blaze-Building
Protected by Fire Escapes and Au
Fifty persons were killed, accord
ag to late estimates,,and many in
ured, a dozen or more fatally, in a
re which swept the four-story fac
ry building of the Binghamton
3othing Company at Binghamton,
i. Y., Tuesday afternoon. The vic
ims were chiefly women and girls.
Early Tuesday night twenty-two
odies had been recovered. In the
ity hospital and in private institu
ions are thirty injured. Some two
core persons are known to have es
aped, as it by a miracle, from the
>uilding which burst into flame like
, tinderbox and became a roaring
urnace almost in no time after the
irst alarm was sounded.
About 125 persons were in the
actory when the fire broke out.
hose unaccounted for, or most of
hem, are believed to be still In the
ed hot ruins of the structure.
About the scene of the catastro
he, thousands watched the rescuers
vork in the glare of three big search
ghts, many in the great throng be
ng restrained only by the closely
Irawn police lines from rushing into
he ruins to seek the bodies of rela
ives or friends.
Many streams of water are being
oured into the fiery pit, which a few
tours ago was the cellar of the burn
d establishment. As the -ruins were
ooled slightly, from time to time in
spot upon which the streams were
entred, men went forward to dig as
ong as human endurance would al
ow them to work. Occasionally a
>ody was found and quickly taken
The work will go on for several
lays before the glowing mass gives
ip its last dead. It will take at least
wo days, the authorities believe, be
ore the callar can be cleared and the
vhole truth known.
The fire is believed to have been
tarted by.the careless throwing of a
igarette butt or match. In the trag
dy Tuesday afternoon the. burst of
lame followed quickly after the
Llarm. There was little opportunity
o use ordinary or even emergency
neans of escape. Fire drills had
>een carried on regularly, so fre
muently, in fact that the employees
kad found them monotonous.
The building was- equipped with
Ire escape and an automatic alarm
ystem. The alarm 'tinkled at 2:30
'clock. Mrs. Reed B. Freeman, wife
f the proprietor, telephoned on the
entral fire station. The usual ap
>aratus for a first still alarm re
ponded. Some excited person at
;arren and Chenango streets, four
locks away, saw a burst of flames
Ld pulled the box there. The rest
>f the companies answered this
That meah?t ten minutes delay for
art of the firemen. But even those
who arrived first were unable to do
Lnything. The first puff of flames
was hardly discerned before the fire
eaped along the stair cases and
valls, up the elevator shaft, along
loors and ceilings. There was a
-oar, front and rear, and the flames
elched forth clear across Wall
~treet, on which the building fronted,
ithering the shade trees on the riv
r bank, and scorching a building
cross an alley at the rear.
After this fierce blast the fire
~eemed to burst from every part of
he building at once. Upon the fire
~scapes girls, women and men were
lustered, and inside, others were
'aiting to get onto the iron ladders.
ut the flames were too quick for
When the firemen arrived in re
ponse to the telephone alarm they
vere unable to get within 200 feet of
he burning building and the ends of
he streams from their hose were
urned into steam without effect up
n the fire.
Life nets and extension ladders
ere equally useless. There was no
~hance for those caught on the up
er floors. excent the last resort to
umping, and this many took, while
~thers fell shrivelled- and crimpled
ith the heat.
Scarcely one of the survivors was
ble to give a connected account of
rhat took place on the upper floors
f the factory when the employees
here-mostly women and girls
ealized that the fire call was no false
larm and that death was sweeping
The coolest recalled that women
ainted by dozens and the the scene
vas one of indescribable cor.fusion.
some of the men employees appar
~ntly kept their heads and did their
est to rescue the Imperilled women.
The fire-escapes were not large
~nough to hold all who rushed to the
xits and there was a dash for win
ows, the trapped victims shrieking
rom pain as the flames swept upon
hem from behind and seared their
Then from windows and fire-es
apes bodies began falling rapidly.
he building was four stories high
.nd many who jumped even from
he topmost floor escaped with their
ives, although most of them were
naimed. Most of the women opera
ors were working on the fourth
our and it was among these that
he loss of life and injury was great
Difficulty was encountered in com
hiling a partial list of the dead and
njured Tuesday night because the
ist of employees was kept in the
afe, which is buried beneath the
mes Voice in Every Thunderstorm.
Twelve-year-old Lucy Sephalla, of
ollar Bay, Mich., loses her voice ev
ry time It thunders. This happened
irst about six weeks ago. Her voice
ras restored when she was playfully
rirhened by a friend. In each elec
rical storm since, her voice has left
or. and each time it has been res
LAW HURTS THE SOUTH'|
BURDEN OF BANKING SYSTEM
ON COTTON STATES.
This Section Is Annually Pinched and
Bled for Money Needed to Move Its
Huge Cotton Crop.
The burden of our defective bank
ing system falls upon no section of
the country more heavily than upon
the South because the South is pinch
ed and bled annually in the move
ment of the cotton crop.
In the thirteen cotton growing
States, including Kentucky and ex
cluding Missouri, there are 1461 nat
ional banks with a combined captial
stock of $159,927,43. The total val
ue of cotton raised annually in the
Southern States is about seven and a
half billion dollars.
When the capitalization of the
Southern banks is considered in con
nection with the value of the cotton
crop, it is at once obvious why they
must call on New York and on Eu
rope for help when that crop is to be
moved from the producer to the man
It should be mentioned in the be
ginning that the local cotton busi
ness is done in cash. Hence a buyer
or cotton factor will arrange with his
local bank to obtain funds If he
wishes to purchase cotton.
He gives as security his note, with
warehouse, or compress, receipts, or
the railroad bills of lading covering a
certain number of bales of cotton.
Conservative banks do not advance
on this form of security more than
their capital stock and surplus, and
so the movement of cotton is costly
and difficult. When the cotton fac
tor but 1,000 bales and gets a loan
for, say $60,000, the local banks
know that within three or- four days
it will be called upon for $60,000 in
currency, which must come out of its
reserve or be sent to It from reserve
city banks. Approximately $200,
000,000 of currency is sent annually
into the South to help finance this
Who gets the profit? New York
bankers and brokers. They reap in
this way several million dollars a
year. The South pays the bill. And,
in addition, the mere cost of shipping
the currency costs the country banks
in the South, It is estimated, $40,000
a year, aside from the interest which
must be paid for it.
The first reason for this expense is
the'lack of actual currency. Another
Is the use of actual cash where credit
exchanges mught be more generally
used. Still another is the inelasti
city of our currency system. A dis
count would make it possible to coin
the cotton crop at once Into currency.
Thus the enormous wealth brought
out of the soil would make for In
stant prosperity instead of creating
financial stringency. It would en
large credits, instead of crippling or
A uniform discount rate, effective
only In rediscounts for banks, would
tend to equalize Interest rates
fhrough out the country. At present
these vary from 2 3-4 and 3 per cent
in rural districts. Proper reforms in
our banking laws which would be un
iform between banks throughout thE
country, so that the local banks In
Mississippi could get funds at a much
smaller price than Is possible now.
The rates throughout the country
would vary somewhat, but the varia
tion would be nothing like what it is
now; and the small banks would
profit equally with the farmers and
merchants they. serve.
Proper revision of our banking
laws would work for the greater
prosperity of the South, and would
aid materially in the easy movement
of Its great staple cotton. It would
make it possible for the banks of the
South to take care of the South's
business. It would provide abundant
funds when they were needed, and
would convert Into cash at once thE
South's greatest source of wealth.
ROADS AFFECT MARKET.
Farmers Are Heaviest Sufferers in
Where bad roads prevail farmers
are forced to move their crops not
when the market price is favorablE
but when roads are unfavorable and
frequently at heavy pecuniary loss as
a result, according to the office 0f
public roads of the Department of
Agriculture. In a statement it cites
specific cases of such losses, the in
formation being based on data gath
ered by its expedts.
"Excessive fluctuations in market
prices are seldom due to overproduc
tion," the statement asserts. "They
frequently take place in regionc
where the local production does not
equal the consumption. There are
counties rich In agricultural possi
bilities, burdened with .bad roads,
where the annual incoming ship
ments of food exceed the outgoing
shipments in the ratio of four to
one. Many such counties with im
proved roads would not ship pro
ducts to other markets."
FAKE CAUSES RIOT.
"Bloomer Girls" Baseball Teami
Prove to be Men.
One policeman is In bruises and
awaiting new uniform and part of
the Union League Baseball Park is a
wreck as the result of a riot at a
Sunday baseball game where 4,000
enthusiasts discovered that a team of
bloomer girls were really men in dis
The team was taken to an east
bound train under police protection.
A half hour before the storm broke
the manager of the "girls" aggrega
tion had acquired the gate receipts
and disappeared. The trouble start
ed when the "girls" centerfielder, a
husky young blonde, threw a ball
from deep center to the home plate,
catching the runner.
Has Fingers Blown Off.
John Felmnon Dye, son of John
Dye, a negro. on McAliley brothers'
plantation near Chester, while play
ing with a dynamite cap Monday
morning, exploded it and suffered the
loss of three fingers on his left hand.
Florence Magistrate Fihed.
H. E. Brown, notary public of Ef
fingham, near Florence. was fined
$25 for marrying a young wome~n un
d'-rfeur~ep ~'eas ofag
PRICES ARE RAISED
BAGGING AND TIE TRUST HOLD
UP THE FARMERS
WILL BE LOOKED AFTER
Senator E. D. Smith Gets a Resolu
tion Through the Senate Calling on
the Department of Commerce to
Investigate and Find Out the
Cause of the Raise.
The inquiry into the increase of
two cents a yard in the selling price
of jute bagging, which is to be start
ed at once by the Department of
Commerce, as the result of Senator
E. D. Smith's resolution in the Sen
ate on the subject, will, it Is believ
ed, have a very important effect. It
will show that the bagging manufac
turers, anticipating lower tariff du
ties, have determined to get all they
can out of the farmers of the South
while the getting is good. The in
crease of two cents a yard in the
price of bagging means a tax of ap
proximately $1,800,000 in one season
on the farmers of the South, and Sen
ator Smith is confident that the in
quiry will show that there has been
no excuse for this other than the
manufacturers had the power.
The following extract from the
Congressional Record, giving the pro
ceedings in the Senate while the res
olution was under consideration,
shows that some of the Republican
senators, representing the protected
interests, tried to defeat the inquiry,
but were unable to do so, and also
shows that Senator Bacon and other
Democratic senators frankly stated
that Senator Smith is accepted as an
authority in the Senate on all mat
ters pertaining to cotton. His pre
sentation of the matter was so strong
that the resolution was finally adopt
ed without a dissenting vote. The
extracts from the Record follow:
'Mr. Smith, of South Carolina: Mr.
President, some time in the early
spring-about the usual time when
the prices for covering and putting in
marketable order the great commer
cial crop of the South were being con
sidered-inquiries were coming in
from the merchants and from differ
ent sources throughout the South as
'to just what would be the current
price or what would be the status, so
far as any legislation is concerned. I
was unable to answer that, as I sup
pose other senators Interested were
unable to answer it.
Subsequent to that there have
come letters In great numbers calling
attention to the fact that, without
any reason, the price of this common
article, the covering of the American
cotton crop, has advanced two cents
a yard aggregating a cost to the pro
ducers of cotton of $1,800,000. The
parties engaged in the manufacturing
business, as I am informed from the
Department of Commerce this morn
ing, are only fourteen in number.
Those fourteen are subsidiaries, ac
cording to my information, to the
American Manufacturing Co., 63 Wall
street, New York.
I have attempted to investigate to
find what is the reason for this rise
in price from eight cents a yard last
year on exactly the same covering, to
ten cents a yard this year, and I have
been unable to find it. There is no
report current that the jute crop has
been short; there is no report that
there has been any excess in the cost
of labor, but at the arbitrary will of
these few parties engaged in this in
dustry in the preparation of the arti
cle $1,800,000 is to be added to the
cost of marketing a great interest.
Mr. Smoot: Mr. President, this is
rather refreshing to me, because In
the past-I have always heard the Sen
ator from South Carolina say that
the reason for these extreme prices
have been the tariff.
Mr. Smith, of South Carolina: It
is the cause, in my opinion, now.
Mr. Smoot: The pending bill pro
vides that cotton bagging shall be
free. So, I say, it is quite refresh
ing to me to hear the Senator now
ask for reasons why there is an in
crease in the price of cotton bagging.
Senator Smith: The Senator fronm
Utati well knows that those engaged
in this business have been protected
by a duty that forbade competition
and importation. Realizing the dan
ger which now threatens them and
knowing that they have this one
stroke at the American people. they
are holding them up to get $1,800,
000 before they are forced by the
Democratic tariff to deal fairly.
Senator Smoot: The Senator
ought to know that the few manufac
turers of this country of cotton bag
ging have not a million eight hun
dred thousand dollars on hand, nor
any considerable portion of.
Senator Smith: T suspet that is
one of the reasons why they wan:t to
Senator Smoot: All I wantal to
call the Senate's attention was t~tt
the rate on cotton bagging is o::ly
six-tenths of a cent a square yard.
Now, the Senator from Sout'
lina rises in his seat and says the
price has advanced three cen s a
Senator Smith: That is cot rect.
Senator Smoot: Tn the very faeo
of free bagging. I say to the Sentr
that there is some other cause f4.r in
creased prices besides the ian~. nsT
have told him in the p'r t. Tnstoadi
of being increased hr Amoricin onna
ufacturers dictatne to thr' Southern
planters as to w'nnt they shall pay for
their cotton 1"''rinr.
Senator Srii:b: All I have ,o sax
in reply to i~ is thet on aecount of
the duty e- innero n''avir'inly the grnit
arteries of tr'tde thron-:h whichi the
article uassedr wero pre-emnted by'.
that datv-. co'r! it inkr somen time
even with a ctm,11er duty for tr-ado
to beceo e':mrtomd t. fl'wnt
that the mar1'n o oar 'o'zn'ry ro
open to 'ome'.-tm'an. jw wish frpe
hagging' ., ib'r 'h i' nos'hir n"'
manent ---,nA widear~ I hvon will hr.
they are e r-"^- M e O't r
business "'- l- -"'"'un1c
their mon' ,I.,A,.-~~ 'rr-r~
tection thea ~~~
from the pe'- "
upon them for -r
Senator Sr ~ * "
ers of cotton'~ -'
cotton bar- ''' ,
do not want the planter of the South
to be misled, and I promise him for
eign dictation in prices after the pas
sage of this bill. After this tariff
.bill becomes law, the American man
ufacturers of cotton bagging will be
wiped out of existence, and the Sen
ator knows that that will be the case.
He has admitted that they will cease
making these goods. The Southern
planter will be the sufferer I want the
Senator to remember that I predict
this day that the cotton planter of
the South, as soon as the American
manufacturer is destroyed will pay
more for his cotton bagging than last
year, and it will be an advance of
more than six-tenths of a cent a
square yard, the present duty.
Senator Smith: If this is a sam
ple of their beneficence to the cot
ton planter, I' should like to contri
bute to their destruction, which I
have consistently done up to the
present. But I want to call atten
tion to the fact, Mr. President, that
there is some cause and the people
who produce this article are entitled
to know what that cause is.
Mr. President, there are other Sen
ators here, who have received com
munications like my own, and there
are Senators present who are not for
getful of the period about 1898 that
we went through almost paralleling
this very condition on the part of the
growers of cotton throughout the
South, when the price was put up
arbitrarily so high as to cost the
American cotton growers anywhere
from thirty-five to fitfy cents per bale
at the arbitrary will of those who
have a monopoly of this article.
My resolution instructs the Sec
retary of Commerce to investigate it.
If it is a natural cause, the simple
law of supply and demand that is
producing this burden upon the
American people, then there is noth
ing to be done; but, if upon investi
gation it is found that this is done in
spite of the law we have for the regu
lation of this kind of oppression, It
should be known.
I think it is the duty of the Senate
to pass this resolution and let the of
ficers of the government charged
with it see that the facts shall be laid
before the Senate. If the cotton
growers of this country have got to
pay $1,800,000 let them pay it legiti
mately along the line of supply and
demand and not at the sweet will of
a combination who wish to raise the
price and extract this stupendous
sum from the cotton growers.
- Senator Lippitt: I have not the
slightest objection in the world to
the passage of this resolution. If
the Senator from South Carolina
thinks it will throw any light upon
the situation, I am quite ready to
oin with him in having that light
thrown. I simply rose to ask about
the statement which he made -a few
minutes ago, of which I am not in
formed, in which he said that the fac
tory or factories I do not know
which, making this cotton bagging in
consequence of the proposed tariff
bill, were now preparing to' close
their industry and go out of business.
Senator Smith: I did not say that,
I said in contemplation of taking ad
vantage of -their monopoly and the
protection that was thrown around
them, they were putting up the price
in order that they might take advan
tage of that they had been enjoying
all these years. I did not say that
they were about to go out of busi
ness, because I do not believe they
will, I believe there is a legitimate
profit in the business on the lines of
competition. I believe there is ille
gitimate profit in it that they have
been enjoving all these years or they
would not be clamoring for protec
Senator Lippitt: Then I misun
derstood the Senator.
Senator Smith: I am glad the
Senator called it to my attention.
Senator Lippitt: I understood the
Senator to make that assertion.
Senator Smith: No, I made no
Senator Lippitt: So far as the in
quiry goes I can see no objection to
it at all. If any light can be thrown
on the situation there is no reason in
the world why it should not be.
Senator Smoot: Mr. President, I
have no objection whatever to the
passage of the resolution. I think
that it is very proper indeed that the
investigation should be made. I will
watch with particular interest the re
port when made ,because we shall
have some reason given other than
that the tariff has raised the price.
The Senator from Georgia (Mr.
Bacon) says that these goods are
made entirely in this country. There
were 13,,365,349 square yards of
them imported in 1912.
Senator Smith: Will the Senator
'from Utah again state how many
yards were imported?
Senator Smoot: There were im
ported 13,365,.349 -square yards.
Senator Smith: Is the total
amount of consumption stated.
Senator S'ioot: The total amount
of irod uction is stated in dollars and
Senator Smith: But the tables do
not give the number of yards con
Sentor Smocot: No, but the total
a~oit of production is $3.507,000.
To show the Senator the values they
-lace tinon these goods, I will say
that I find that the unit of value of
baging is 4.7 cents per squar3 yard.
Senator Smith: I merely rose to
call the Senator's attention to the
ft that there is used in this country
Ifor the covering of cotton alone some
thin like 1 20.000.000 square yards.
Senator acon: Mr. President,
he Senator from Utah seems to have
ome doubt upon the estimate of the
number of yards of bagging used in
this country in the baling of cotton.
t takes about seven yards to cover a
cl of cotton. If the Senator will
multipy 1- by that number he will
et pretty accurate estimate of the
rmount of bagging used in this coun
Sento Smoot: Of course. Mr.
Presidn. what 1 am quotina from
r t e figures of the department.
Sonator Barcon: The department
mi- he wrong. but the estimate that
sugest is one that no one will dis
mr'te. WVe know how ma~ny bales of
otton have been madec in the coun
try: we know how many yards it
+mcs t cover a bale of cotton: andi
we know how much 7 times 1.\
Sntor STmoot: LM etm ask the
sen-lsir then' if there nrd , great
eun+ of second-had bajhgring 115
ed tre nba 'linc of co.*'n.
'ns -ither prcodur'n of poffef
' simply an obsers ' The Noi
r: from South Carpn' hG
AGAIN IN COURTI
OfFICIALS Of SOLDIERS HOME IN
WERE ORDERED SIEZED
H. W. Richardson, Superintendent,
and M. C. Welch, Acting Command
ant, of the Confederate Soldiers'
Home, Made to Readmit Veteran,
Whom They Ordered to Leave.
The State says H. W. Richardson,
superintendent, and M. C. Welch,
acting commandant, of the Confed
erate, Soldiers' Home, Columbia,
Monday afternoon were adjudged in
contempt of court by Ernest Gary,
circuit judge, at chambers for viola
tion of a restraining order, Issued on
March 19 of this year, forbidding
them from dismissing three veterans,
W. C. Cameron, J. W. James and N.
W. Jones, before their pending case
before the court had been decided;
but were allowed to purge themeqlves
by reinstating N. W. .ones, who they
had ordered out of the Home.
Allegations set forth in the com
plaint of N. W. Jones, read at the
hearing before Judge Gary, are that
Jones, while on a furlough, was noti
fled by letter on June 17 that he
need not return to the in firma-7y, as
there was no room for him: that he
did make his apppearancp on Jiely 7
and was refused admisson by A. C.
Welch, acting commandaut. In their
return Maj. Richardson and Mr.
Welch admitted that they had ex
cluded Jones, but stated that they
had not intended any violation of the
order or any disrespect to the court.
Maj. Richardson stated Monday
night that N. W. Jones had been re
instated in the Confederate infirm
ary, in which event, in compliance
with the mandate of the order, Rich
ardson and Welch are purged of any
contempt to the court. The order di
rected that the defendants immedi
ately be arrested by the sheriff and
confined in the common jail of Rich
land county "until they purge them
selves of contempt of court by com
pliance with the order of March 19,
In reference to the return of the
defendants, the order reads: "The
answer in the case pending was set
up as a part of said return. After
hearing the parties the said return is
insufficient. It is admitted that the
order has been violated. There is no
effort to show that they intend to re
instate the petitioner, and as a mat
ter of fact, they simply ignore the
order and proposed to continue to do
so. I, therefore, adjudge the de
fendants, H. W. Richardson and M.
C. Welch, to be in contempt of
In compliance with an order from
Circuit Judge Ernest Gary, dated
July 10, and made returnable July
21, Maj. H. W. Richardson, superin
tendent, and M. C. Welch, acting
commandant, of the State Confed
erate infirmary, appeared before Cir
cuit Judge Gary, at chambers, Mon
day morning to show cause why they
should not ,be adjudged in contempt
for violation of an order issued
March 19 restraining them from dis
missing three veterans, one of whom
was N. W. Jones, from the home un
til the old soldiers' pending cause
htad been decided by the court.
The action was brought on the
complaint of N. W. Jones, an Inmate,
who alleged that he had been refused
Senator Smoot: I will ask the,
Senator from South Carol-ina if that
is not a fact.
Senator Smith: There is a great
deal of piece bagging, but that piece
bagging -is as nothing in preparation
to the other. I will state to the Sen
ator that, even the sale of that piece
bagging is, through -some manipula
tion of the market with which I am
not familiar controlled entirely by
the same persons who sell the whole
bagging. Just how they have obtain
ed control I am unable to say, but I
hiope that the investigation will re
veal that fact.
Senator Smoot: I have no sym
pathy with the control, Mr. Presi
dent, at all. I only suggested this'
to account for the difference be
tween the report made by the de
partment and the amount used as
stated hy the Senator from South
Carolina. I think that fully explains
the matter, because I do know that
there is a great deal of second-hand
bagging used for the covering of cot
Senator Bacon: I do not want to
delay this matter. I simply wish to
say that I am going to go into the
subject of the tariff discussion now.
I have no doubt that will be very
fully discussed by those more com
petent than myself. Really the prin
cipal objiect I have in saying any
thing at all is to try to incite the De
partment of Justice to action in ref
erence to this matter and to get at
it pretty quickly.
Senator Gallinger: Mr. President,
I desire to ask the Senator from
Utah a question. If it be true that '
this .bagging is made in Calcutta un-t
der conditions such as the Senator1
has detailed how does it happen that
we have not much larger importa
tions of it?
Senator Smoot: On account of the
six-tenths of one cent per square
yard under the present law: but this
Senator Gallinger: I understand:
but can our manufacturers compete
with this condition in Calcutta and
be protected by the small duty now
imposed on that foreign product?
Senator Smoot: That is a pretty
rfair duty on the square yard: in fact
T think the duty amounts to nearly
1 0 per cent. on this very coarse arti
cle; but so far. in the .past. it has
allowed our manufncturers in this
enuntry to manufacture a great part
of the cotton bagging that is userd
Senator Stone: Mr. Pres~den4. I
undrstand this resolutionl merely
directs the Serrrotarv of rnmmerce to
mako an inquiry anrd repr'rt.
Mr. Smoet- That is ail.
senator Ston"- If that ia thoa full
0efeo th-e r'esolutin I have no oh
PRISONERS AR 2"NED
rHIRTY-FIVE MEET -E.iTI IN
Negroes Frantically Tear at Iron
Bars in Desperate Efforts to Es
cape Oncoming Flames.
Trapped by flames in the second
story of an antiquated convict cage,
the first floor of which was used to
store hay, grain and molasses, thirty
five negro prisoners were burned to
death at the Oakley convict farm, 20
miles from Jackson, Miss., late last
With the flames rapidly eating
away on the only stairway leading to
the second floor the entrapped priso
ners frantically tore at the heavy
bars that covered the windows, but
to no avail. Their screams brought
the two night guards to the scene be
fore they had seen the flames, and
soon other prison officials hurried to
the cage. - Their efforts were futile,
however as the flames drove them
back each time they attempted to lib
erate the men.
At last they stood aghast when
slowly the frantic screams of the
burning convicts died away as one-ff
ter another succumbed to the flames.
Finally all was quiet and the smell
of burned human flesh permeated the
air as the flames burned the last of
Everything -was in the. flames' fav
or. The building was constructed 10
years ago of lumber taken from a
discarded penitentiary, thcre is no
fire fighting apparatus at the farm
and the first floor of the building was
filled with inflammable material.
Farmers living nearby hurried- to
the scene to help the two guards-all
that-are on duty at night-and other
prison attaches, but they were of no
assissance, as the fire burned too rap
idly. It was only a few minutes from
the time the fire started until it had
claimed Its awful toll.
The convicts all were worked In
the cotton fields of the State farm,
and were housed in the "cage" at
night. Among them were some des
per-te criminals serving long sen
The Oikley farm is ovi-e of the most
Important in the State, the State pris
on hosiltal being located there. NO
other building was in danger. how
ever, as the destroyed "cage", was
some distance from other buildings.
readmttance by letter while on a
The complaint of N. W. Jones al
leges that on March 19, 1913, Cir
cuit Judge Ernest Gary, at chain
bers. Issued an order directed to "E.
W. Richards-fl !i!~ji - en
.al.--aa7ager and treasurer of the
Confederate infirmary of South Car;
oli'na: A. M. Black, claiming to be ad
;utant of said Infirmary, and J. G.
Topa Sr., James T. Crews, A. W.
Todd and M. C. Welch. members of
tie board of commissioners of said
infirmary." restraining them "from
interfering with the freedom of the
aid nlaintiffs to go In and from the
Confederate Infirmary and sleep and
eat and otherwise enjoy themselves
in the same as lawful Inmates there
of. entitled to all the benefit's and
rivileges of the same upon terms of
enuality with the other inmates
thereof." Also that the order was
the outcome of a nefition of the
lajiiffs stating that defendants dis
missed them because thov alleged
there were a greater number of In
mates In the home than the law al
ows, and there being a greater ex
cess from Richland county and from
lack of accommodations." This the
etition contested and offered other
reasons for their dismissal. Sub
stantally, two of these were: They
"riicised the management of the in
firmary and because they offered tes
tionn before the legislative inves
tigating committee -adverse to the
management. This Is -the cause of
the restraining order.
The complaint of N. W. Jones al
leges that on May 6 of this year he
was granted a furlough of sixty days
to visit hIs son: that on June 16,
while on furlough, he received notice
not to return. The following Is an
alleged copy of the letter:
"Golumbia, June 16, 1913.
Mr. N. W. Jones. ,
"Dear sir: This Is to inform you
that whe~n your furlough expires July
. it will he unnecessary for you to
return to th Confederate Infirmary.
The old soldiers' home !s now caring
for more inu"'tes than the State law
allows. and the bed and room form
erly oceninied by you have been as
sined in one more needy than your
self. Shnen' vou have belonainas
here, it will be shipped as you may
(Signed') "M. C. Weleh.
"v Order of
"H. W. Richardson.
Ordered to Leave.
The complaint further alleges that
N. W. Jones returned to the infirm
ary on July 7 and was informed by
M. C. Welch "'that he could not come
in the infirmary; that he would not
be allowed there, and he was not to
stay in the infirmary. He was in
formed he must leave. The com
plaint further states that he did
leave, but while there saw a number
of unoccupied beds in one room,
while another was entirely empty.
The order of contemont from Cir
cuit Judae Gary was filed with the
sheriff -'shortly before four o'clockC
Monday afternoon, and J. C. McCain,
sheriff of Richland county, telephon
ed Mj. Richardson. informing him
of the fact. Mai. Richardson imme
diately went to the office of the sher
ff. whereupon the order was served
unon him. Ma~i. Richardson, con
forming with the mandate of the or
der informed the sheriff that N. W.
Jones would be reinstated.
Liahtning Strikes PBarn.
The large new hern of too 'iTvhe
on plantation. a few mnh" see" of
('heraw. was struck op -irc'-' eve
nina and eompletely $t-'nd to
rether with much f'eed end rme
Prefers Death to D)eh'.
Mrs. William TT-vt. 'of Tana. com
rnitte suicir'e iMtir's- \ 1 -tter to