Newspaper Page Text
a Forty-Mile Bate in Thick
Wte Mountain Express
into Second Section of Bar
Narher Express - Engine Goes
Nealgh Two Pnlman Crs.
ety-one persons were killed
nuearly fty injured, some of
may die, in a rear-end colli
sbortly'before seven o'clock
.:morning on the New York,
Havertand Hartford railroad six
north of New Haven, Conn.
Mirst section -of the White
nExpress, bound for No-w
speeding' along at probably for
ies an hour, in a thick fog, rush
bya danger signal, it is said, and
into the rear of the second
at the Bar Harbor Express
100 feet beyond the block
-The White Mountain engine cleav
jhrough the two rear Pullman
both of-wood, splitting them in
and losing their wreckage and
e of mangled human be
-itssome alive, sonre dead, on eith
jcide of -the track.
,he third -car, also- of wood and
bg forty boys on their way
AiSummer camp at Monmouth,
iae, was: lifted.info the air and fell
side- crnmpted. up and crush
t of theboys to' death and in
Some f the victims of the two
Suinma were hurled from
e over a fence paralleling the
fity feet distant; mattresses,
and clothing found lodgment
he telegraph wires.
t -was the third serious wreck the
Haven lias suffered within a
Sand inaugurated the first day of
tegime of Howard Elliott, the
elected head of the road. Mr.
returning from his summer
.,joMf hi New Hampshire to assume
uties, pased over the scene of
'--reek .on an earlier train less
mcly all the passengers on
trains were- returning home
Immmej vacations and all but
or a camping party of niie,
of S. Crozer Fox. of Elkine
Pk,. returning from -Maine, were
-* out. Fox was among those
6e Noone was hurt in the White
he New Haven officials were
anto adgnlt that the so-called
Nblock signal system, which
this art of the line has not yet
replaced by the semaphore sys
ern recommended by the public util
commbion last December, was
nu -armeasure responsible for the
reemk, although the question as to
Swhithei- the engineer of-othe White
-Kountain train, 4.ugustus B. Miller,
-waa making too muet.speed under
the weather conditions- Is under in
~"Aceording to Vice-President Whal
9es;of 'the 9Rew Haven, It would not
~have been posible at the speed the
-was making for Engineer Miller
to. hve stopped within 1,500 feet'
> after- he saw the signal. The engi
e2er did not see It, he s-aid, until he
was almnost upon it, or scarcely more
tanr one hundred feet from the rear
ofthe ~Bar Hazrbor Express, and at
--he same moment he heard the tor
I. do not wish to place any blame
on..the engineer." said Mr. Whaley,
ubt in view of the foggy conditions
a iestion to be determined is wheth
ter e was running too fast under the
circumstances. There is no rule of
the i-oad which would require him to
mnako up time,; and take a risk while
runnlng -n a fog, and as far as I'
'E now, he received no instructions to
make up time."
Chief Engineer Elwell said Tues
day night that the New Haven had
been twice advised by the public util
ities commission to abolish the "ban
30"' system, once last December and
sgain in March, following minor
- .wrecks, in both of which the blame
was- laid at the door of the "banjo''
T'here are eighteen in the hospitals
andl -some are in a serious condition.
Some of the less seriously hurf went
on to.New York.
-?he death list grew from thirteen
to-exactly twice that number during
the afternoon and evening. Several
of those badly Injured died ons.their
way to hospitals or after reachinge
' First steps to determine who was
to blame were taken In -secret. Nor
will the inquest be public if Coroner
Mix adheres to his announced plan.
At the preliminary hearing Tuesday
afternoon trainmen of the two trains
The schools will soon be opening
-again. Parents, see to it that y-our
boys and girls report for duty on the
"Still, "says The Philadelphia
-eress, "it would not be fair to blame
Governor Sulzer for everything.
There is Cole Blease's indorsement of
him, for instance."
Every one is satisfied with Presi
dent Wilson's Mexican policy except
Alsorandolph Hearst and Governor
Blease. So the President will have to
get along without their valuable sup
The General Assembly at its next
meeting should apply the provisions
of the Webb law to South Carolina.
~Then we would be in a posit:ion for
State wide prohibition that would
-The sweetest music heard now in
these parts is the sound of the hum
ming cotton gin. It meanis that the
farmers are about to put the wealth
he created this year on the market
- for the benefit of all.
The murder of Chief of -Police Hiar
ter, 'of Allendale, by Walker and his
am e a o -, mditated af
Setting a Good Example.
The action of those fifty thousand
or more Missouri citizens in turning
out so willingly to help get the state
"out of the mud" was a practical il
lustration of patriotism that may well
find imitators. For it is patriotism
to help one's community or state, as
well as the nation, into a better and
higher condition. If more of such a
spirit were displayed in communal
life there would not be nearly so
many dead or dying towns.
As a good roads proposition the ac
tion of the Missourians has every
thing in its favor. It was a recogni
tion that good roads are vital to the
best interests of the state, and there
fore, to those of every city and village
in the state. Roads are' the arterles'
of commerce and trade, and also of
the social life of a place. A good
road, one that can be traveled every
day in a year means progress and
prosperity. Many a town has lost out
because the roads leading to it were
well nigh impassible, and in like
manner many a town'has won out be
cause its citizens saw to it that the'
roads leading to it were kept in good
Again. the a-tion of the people of
Missouri was. - riking illustration
of the power el. monious co-opera
tion. Rich and poor, and people of
every vocatiqn in life, and of all ages,
were moved by one single purpose
that of improving tk3 highways of
the state. It goes without saying
that in all the future its roads will be
more easy and comfortable to tra
verse, and that they will be more
pleasing to the eye. In a very literal
sense it may be said in the langage
of Scripture. "the crooked has been
made straight and the rough places
plain." All that will mean millions
of dollars to the commonwealth, and,
which is by no means to be overlook
ed, a greater pride in ind love for
That same spirit of co-operation
may well be imitated in everything
conceived to promote the interests of
any place, whether that place be a
large city or state, or a small village.
It is the spirit that speaks of unity of
desire and action. Many a town has
been killed by factional feeling and
jealousy. Such a spirit has more
than offset all the natural advantages
the place may have had. Unity, ear
nestness, and intelligent action will
make prosperous any place not in it
The Awful Cost of War.
War is. the greatest curse to the
human race, ad all the great nations
of the earth ought to make war the
very last resort to the settlement of
international troubles. All other
means should be exhausted before
war is even thought of -by nations.
As a boy we have a very distinct
recollection of the hardships and sor
rows caused by the War Between the
States. Very few homes In the South
but where sorrow entered because of
the death of some loved one or
friend on the battlefield.
The young men of. the South al
most to a man went to the front in
that fearful struggle and did their
duty like the brave men they were
should have done. Thousands of
these young men were left on the
battlefields as an offering to the god
of war, and few homes in the South
but what mourned for some ~loved
one or friend who gave their life for
their country. Who can estimate the
loss of these young men to the South?
Then look at the treasure that war
cost, to say nothifig of the homes de
The money cost of the two 'Balkan
wars amounted to $1,350,000,000.
and the loss of life was appalling. Of
450,000 Turks mobilized 100,000
were killed in .battle; but it is among
the Balkan Christian armies that the
losses were most terrifying. Bul
garia brought 350,000 men into the
field, and of this number 140,000 are
dead. Servia mobilized 250,000
men, and lost 70.000 killed. Greece.
out of a total of 150.000 lost 40.000
killed, and Montenegro, out of a
fighting population of 30.000 left S,
000 dead on the bloody field. The
proportion of fatalities to the num
ber engaged exceeded that of any war
In the face of these terrible figures.
there are people in the United States
who are anxious for this country to
ro to war with Mexico. They do not
stop to count the cost, but want this
country to rush into a conflict that
would cost millions of dollars and the
lives of thorsands of our young men.
We are glad that we have at the
head of the nation in this crisis men
who fear God and have the courage
to do right. Before going to war
with 3Mexico or any other country
they will exhaust all other methods.
Mexico a Thorny l~I'vebn.
Mexico is a very thorny :ra'den
ust now and the thorniness .'s aggra
vated by self-seeking politicians and
business men who are thinking on'y
of dividends, and by a sensationr
ress. The men who have big invert.
ments in Mexico are very any ious for
this country to interrene in ord'er to
rott their interests. That is a]!
their patriotism amounts to or their
iretended lov-e of huninnity. They
io not care how much batd feeling is
arused. how manny hundred millions
f dollars are stent. nor how' many
housr-.(s of' lives are sacrificed if
oly they can g'et the governmnhtt to
olet their dividends for them an I
protect their mines and plantations.
They seem to forget, or. rather, to
ignore the fact that it is ticklish
business to interfere with th~e inter
pl affairs of another nation. It is
.ih like interfering in a family
narrel. Iowever de',!orahle condi
tns may be in Mexiro the gr'eat
thin;: for this country is not to lcee
its head over the situation. The de
mnds of self-seeking men dominated
solelr by selfish motives, and the hys
terical outeries of sensational news
papers and unthinkinz persons must
be disregar led. Caolm and wise states
manship is needed and it is encourag
ing to note that mna of all parties
are thus agreed.
Hs lues; Shie Takes Poison.
Miss Naomi Wells. of Thomaston.
n., commtted suicide at West
Point, Ga.. Monday by drinking po]
tn. She went to West .Joint recently
to teach English in the local high
school, and was to have assumed her;
luties Monday. A note was found inI
1er room which said: "Just a bad,
mase of blues." There were also a j
REPORT CAUSES RISE
'OTTON ENJOYS SENSATIONAL
ADVANCE OF 70 POINTS.
rices Shoot Upward as Result of
Poor Condition Report-Biggest
Jump in Recent Years.
The government report report mak
ng the condition of the coming cot
on crop only 68.2 per cent., compar
d with 74.8 per cent. last year, and
73.2 two years ago, was followed by
>ne of the most sensational advances
hat has ever occurred-on a gorern
nent report day during recent years.
Private condition figures had pre
pared the trade for a bullish report
wd the market had advanced very
apidly since the middle of last
rnonth, but the official figures proved
ven less favorable than anticipated
ind inspired a general movement.
rhe South was credited with selling
)n the advance, supposedly against
Lhe coming, but 'both trade interests
nd speculators were heavy buyers,
nd while offerings were heavy
nough to cause slight reactions the
general tendency of the market was
December contracts sold at 12.94
in the late trading, practically the
13-cent level, and 211 points, or
$10.55 per bale above the low record
of August 14. Closing prices were
3 or- 4 points off from the best, but
the final tone was firm at a net gain
of 67 to 71 points as compared with
the closing figures of last Friday.
ew York statisticians said that on
the basis of the acreage the official
statement that 100 per cent. at this
season of the year is equivalent to
252 pounds to the acre, Tuesday's
figures pointed mathematically to a
crop of not over 13.500,000 bales.
and while the figures did not seem to
be at all generally accepted, the ac
tion of the market certainly suggest
ed a considerable scaling down of
average crop yiews, particularly as
deterioration reports have continued
to come in, and the bulls claim that
cotton has lost ground since the gov
ernment report was compiled.
Liverpool made a firm showing
over the local holidays, and the mar
.ket at New York opened firm at an
advance of 8 to 23 points. Prices
sold 30 to 35 points net bgber be
fore the government repo; a is
sued and the market was extremely
active during the entire day. Ac
cording to 'New York figures the com
mercial crop of 1912-13, 14.103,757
bales and the New Orleans Exchange
estimated the world's consumption at
14,900,000, bales. suggesting. a big
cwre-,se in the world's mill stocks for
"MURDERED" MAN ALIVE.
Dissapered Ten Years Ago-Given
Up for Dead.
The mystery that surrounded the
supposed murder of Henry A. Minor
in St. Louis, ten years ago has been
solved by the finding of Mr. Minor in
Horton, Ark. Minor was 33 years of
age when he disappeared from St.
Louis. On the morning he was missed
his trunks were found to have been
rifled and all his valuables taken.
Blood on the floor indicated fnurder.
After seven years he was pronounced
legally dead and his wife received
$1,000 on his life.
Recently, while holding religious
services in Horton, Ark., the Rev.J.
E. Stout saw Minor enter the church.
He recognized him intsantly.
DIES WHEN HOME BURNS.
Pendleton Man's Charred Body is
Found in Ruins.
F. W. Jones, a white man about
fifty years of age, was burned to
death in his home on the outskirts
of Pendleton and his house and con
tents were destroyed Tuesday night,
in a fire which is supposed to have
been started through his own care
lessness. Jones was drinking, it is
said, and ran off members of his fam
ily. It seems that one of the boys re
turned later, when his father was not
oticing, to secure his clothes and he
noticed' that the father had built a
roaring fire in the stove. It is pre
sumed that the fire started from the
stove and that Jones' condition pre
vented his getting out. A charred
rass of bones and flesh was found
a the embers.
Body in Paddle Box.
The pilot of the City of Louisville
romplained, after docking the boat
it Cincinnati, that it would not steer
-r -'-". A search disclosed the
w-- Edward S. Willis wedged in
' - le box. Willis had fallen off
- -steamer and his body had
~- ---ed up while the boats were
Sn*~e folks give us an excuse for
ent-uZ for the dispensary th~e preva
enr' of blind tigers. Blind tigers
md the lawlessness that resnlt there
romi ere flagrant evils that are a
;tench in the nostrils of law abiding
itis, but they exist only because
hee same law abiding citizens en
ure them and in effect, endorse
hem and wink at them.
This Yankee Government. as Gov
rnor Please calls it. has actually ap
onted Congressman Francis 'Bur
n Harrison. the son of .Tefferson
'avis' rivate secretary when he wasl
>esident of the Confederacy. Gov
*rnor of the Philippines. Mr. H-arri
en has represented a New York City
listrict in Congress as a Democrat
How easy it is, and how presump
ous, to declare with cocksureness
a dry spells accidents. etc.. are
mnishments meted out to men for
eme alleged wrong-doing. In all
uh catastrophes the good suffer
ong with the bad. and God would
rdly nurich good people in ordler
o punish bad ones. God in his good
ss protects his people from harm
t never afflicts them.
It mey no' .be possible to stop the
rinking ef liquor by those who have
r tn"n habit. but a strong
alth. .trmined public sentiment
gaint the illegal sale of liquor by
o-alon e'ial clubs and blind tigers,
a ml lawlessness, can be sup
"OLD ILL" MINER DEAD
RAD HAD NOTED CAREER OF
1t Age of Seventy-five Succumbs to
Attack of Gastritis in State Peni
tentiary at Milledgeville, Ga.
"Old Bill" Miner, the most pic
Luresque bandit America ever pro
duced, has died on the Georgia pris
on farm with the great project of his
life unfulfilled. It was his great
hope and ambition to go to Europe
and rob the Mediterranean express,
the richest passenger train in the
world, which goes from Paris to Con
Bill Miner was nearly seventy
when he died, and ever since he was
a middle aged man he had been plan
ning and arranging the details for
pulling off a wild-west hold-up in
the center of the Old World. It
wasn't the rich loot that tempted him
to the undertaking but the daring
adventure and the 'fame as an out
law which such a climax to his long
career would have given him.
Instead, -he died of gastritis, a bent
old man, a shackled invalid, among
the state's weak and decrepit pris
oners at the farm near Milledgeville.
The shackles were the only thing that
made life tolerable at the last to the
former terror of the plains. He re
garded them as the greatest compli
ment which the prison management
could pay him, and always smiled
grimly and shook his head when they
offered to take off the chains If he
would give his word of honor not to
try to escape.
,Bill Miner was "a bad man" in the
usually accepted sense of the term,
and was a great criminal, but he had
a queer code of honor 'of his own
which he lived up to the last.
His Own Story of Life.
Nobody in all the history of Amer
lea has a more notable career than
Old Bill Miner, who died at the state
penitentiary at Milledgeville Tues
day night at 9:25 o'clock.
The full story of his life, told by
Bill Miner as death approached,
which has just been gained by a cor
respondent, is one that would thrill
the most unimaginative and fill page
after. page of the most adventurious
stories ever promised by writers of
When the grizzled old robber, ema
ciated and worn with long experience
of lawlessness, passed away in peace,
idolized by hundreds because he pos
ed as chief of robbers and classed
himself as a gentleman and scolar,
none of them ever dreamed the true
story of his long life.
He was. born in Jackson county,
Ky., In 1847, and there he led the
wild free life of that section at that
time. Throughout the width and
breadth of the state George Ander
son was known before he was fifteen
Shortly afterwards he started west
and four years later was rounded up
for robbery in San Joaquin county.
April 5 1866, when .but nineteen
years ol'd, he was sentenced to San
Joaquin prison, where he was known
as prisoner No. 3248. He was dis
charged June 9 of the same year, but
July 12 he was sent up from Palcer
county for a few months, which he
served as No. 3313.
He was discharged only to be sent
up from Calveras county June 20,
1871, as No. 4902, but a new trial
was granted him and he was taken
back February 9, 1872, and returned
March 30, 1872, as No. 5206.
He tried to escape May 7, 1874,
and had four years added to his time.
but March 5, 1877 his sentence was
commuted to twelve years 'and he
was discharger July 14, 1880.
It was at this juncture 'Bill Miner
began his real activities. 'Meeting
up with BiHl Leroy, most noted of
western bandits at that time, he
formed a partnership with him, go
ing under the name of W. A. Mor
Dl iUoy stage coach of $3,500. Posses
pursued them. Leroy was captured
and lynched, but -Bill Miner escaped
safely, after shooting up. the posse,
hut only slightly wounding a few of
A little later he was caught in
Tuolomne county for robbery and
sent up for twenty-five years. going
back to San Quentin as No. 10191.
He started work December 21. 1881,
and emerged from prison July 17,
Daring Train Robberies.
Although growing old andi having
paid a severe penalty, he 'started out
in his career of lawiessness with more
force in every way. Septembetr 23,
1903, he held up a train near Paget
ound on the Canadian side, having
two confederates on the job.
They robbed all the passengers,
looted the express cars and secured a
big hand. but all the robbers were
raught except Bill Miner. Resting
Lor a fcw months he again started his
ild career. With his two aides he
held up a train at Mission Junction,
British Columbia. September -10,
1904, and secured $10 000 in gold.
The government and express authori
ties became frenzied at his daring
robberies and the Dominion govern
met offered $5,000 reward for him.
while thL. express company offered a
imilar sum and the province of Brit
isi. Columbia augmented it by $2.500
more. making a total $12,500 to be
paid for "Old Bill" Miner, alive or
Tint the reioubtable old .fellow
aughed at their attempts to corner:
him. He roameld the wilds of the
ountry until May 9. 1906, when he
issociated himself with Louis Col
whon and Tom Dunn and held up an
xpress train at Furer, British Co
umbia. They made the engineer un
ouple and pull the car a mile away,
lt to thn disguist of "Old Bill" he
ound only registered mail, the ex
~ress company being left in andother
ar. Hie abandoned robry.
A Jrice on His Head.
However, the big rewarde were
still in effect and the Cahnadian con
anhparv took un' the trail and
ounred un Bill Miner and his two
nrt'ers and thev were given life*
entences in the New Minster peni
ntiary in British Columbia.
But Old Pil! kent up his spirit and
ugrst 9, 1 907, ho due hk 'ny un
1er the nrison walk~ to liberty and
raveed to the mi-ldle west unharm
d. For a period he was quiet, with.
lenty to live on. hut after his hoard
vas used up wintering in the south!
WINS DELAY IN FIGHT
THAW RETURNED TO JAIL PEND
ING JUDGE'S DECISION.
Fugitive from New York Nov Faces
Infiucnce of Attorney General of
Harry K. Thaw won another delay
in his fight against return to the
Matteawan asylum and Tuesday night
he was back in the Sherbrooke, Que.,
jail. There he will remain until
Superior Judge Matthew Hutchinson
renders his decision on the question
of sustaining or dismissing the ha
beas corpus writ, arguments on which
were heard Tuesday in champers. The
decision may come at any. day, but
more probably Thursday.
It was a day of alternate joy and
depression for Thaw. At the open
ing of the hearing he faced a new
and dangerous opponent in Aime
Geoffrion of Quebec, special emissary
from the provincial attorney general
and premier, Sir Lomor Gouin, and
from his lips Thaw heard that the at
torney general was insistent that
there 'be no more delay in the case
and that the habeas corpus writ fail
ing, other steps would be taken to
insure Thaw's release and seizure by
the immigration authorities.
From bis counsel Thaw heard ar
guments against sustaining the writ;
pleas for delay; from the crowd that
packed the court house and streamed
over the lawn he heard cheers and
shouts and words of encouragement.
He was nervous throughout the or
deal and returned to his cell tired
out with the excitement.
Thaw's lawyers characterized the
proceedings by which Jerome Bou
dreau, the chief of police of Coati
cook. seeks to free the man he arrest
ed two weeks ago as smacking of
fraud and hyprocrisy.
The belief prevailed In Sherbrooke
that if the writ is thrown out the at
torney general will take immediate
steps to have the commitment quash
ed. Thaw will then be free-that is,
for the brief instant before he is tak
en In charge by the immigration au
AmMIAN PEGOUD DOES IT AGAIN.
Proves Somersault in Mid-air Was
Not an Accident.
The thrilling manoeuvre of turn
ing a somersault in the air with an
aeroplane flying at rapid speed was
repeated Monday by the French Avia
tor Pegoud over the aerodrome at
Buc, near Versailles, France, with
perfect success. Pegoud had promis
ed that his performance at Juvisy the
day -before was not the result of an
accident, -but was a proof of proper
control and also of the stabiliay of
the aeroplane. He carried out the
daring feat with apparent ease again
Monday In the presence of officers of
the French army flying corps, about
100 mIlitary and civilian aviators and
a large assemblage of the general
"The'story is interesting, .but I am
not prepared to comment on the
event withotit knowing exact details,"
said Orville Wright Tuesday, when
questioned at Dayton, 0., about the
upside down flight 6f the French
aviator, Pegoud, at Buc. "Present
models of monoplanes that I am ac
quainted with," he said, "make such
a feat Impossible, because once the
engine Is upside down it stops due to
a lack of gasoline."
M. Pegoud writing to the Matin,
says: "My experiments are not fin
ished. I want soon to show that it
is possible for an aeroplane to turn
overhead-first and then tail-first, and
then side ways without disaster. If
my experiments demonstrate, as I am
convinced they will, that security
may be attained in an aeroplane, I
will be satisfied."
They Will be the Losers.
The refusal of Germany, Great
'Britan and sokne other European
nations to participate in the great
fair at San Francisco will, if persisted
in, lessen to some extent the attrac
tiveness and valure of the Exposition.
but It will do for more harm to those
nations not represented. Doubtless,
as the governments of those countries
declare, the cost of making such dis
plays is considerable, and the immed
iate trade results may not be appar
ent. BPut for nations that spend hun
dreds of millions of Aollars every
year to build wadships. and train and
equip vast armies, th excuse that can
not afford two millions apiece for in
dustrial display is rather far fetched
and but provokes a scepticall smile. It
is rather a sad commetary on the
boasted civilization of those lands
that while they decline to pay a com
partively small sum to be representer
e on an occasion designed to promote
ommerce and the arts of peace.
they squander with spendthrift reck
lessness immense sums for warlike
time seemed to present itself on Feb
ruary 27, 1909 when he found two
novices at Gain'esville, Ga., and rob
bed the Southern express train. But
he was captured and sent to the State
penitentiary at Mtilledgeville under a
Grizzled. old and gray, he was still
undaunted and declared he would es
cape, and this he did on two occa
sss with which lie reading public is
Through all his career of crime he
was known to the officials as "Bill
Miner", though his real name* was
George Anderson. but as W. A. Mtor
gan and George W. Edwards he was
known foi- a time to many people in
Michigan and Wisconsin.
This is the first full story ever pub
lished of the famous bandit's life.
The record is official and authentic.
H has some few known relatives
said to be living, the nearest and
dearest being his sister, 3Mrs. W. J.
Wlmer, living at Puget Sound, Brit
A religious fanatic says that the
drouth that affected K insas and
some other states this summer was
God's punshment on the people of
those states for raising so many hogs.
People may easily differ as to the
vlue of pork as an article of food,
but it is rank foolishness to talk
about divine judgment in such a con
The farmer is driving dull rimes
from all .the masts of trade. 5
President Wilson Indorsed.
One of the most Interesting and
helpful results of Presilent Wilson's
special address to Congress on the
Mexican situation Is the responsive
ring of approval it has brought from
thinking men in every party and in
every section of the country. The
Atlanta Journal says if Huerta ever
had reason to doubt that the admin
istration was speaking for the entire
American people he is now convinc
ed of his error,' for every voice of
public opinion that commands respect
has united in earnest commendation
of the course the President is pursn
Thus the New York Tribune, as
staunch a spokesman of Republican
politics as could be found, declares
that the nation must "approve and
support the dignified, benevolent and
resolute policy which was put for
ward in the President's message" and
the Sun affirms that "the attitude of
the administration, so manifestly-in
spired by lofty ideals of duty and of
method, represents exactly the atti
tude of our Congress and, generally,
of the American people.
The Herald speaks with insight as
well as enthusiasm: "No more strik
ing evidence of the truism that in the
United States political opinion "stops
at the border," could be asked or
given than that furnished by the re
ception accorded by Congress to Pres
ident Wilson's address. Republican
Senators and Representatives, as
strongly as those of the President's
own party gave unequivocal approval
of the efforts of the executive depart
ment has made to promote peace in
our neighboring republic, and of the
policy to be pursued In the imme
The Evening Post remarks that the
President "has absolutely united the
country behind him. Scarcely a sin
gle partisan or prejudiced voice Is
raised against his general attitude.
This is the more remarkable in tbar
the President's plea, while strongly
insisting upon the national dignity
and the duty laid upon the United
States, is all for peace, all for friend
ship with Mexico, all for non-inter-I
vention, all for the most resolute de
nial of any selfish purpote in our at
tempts to bring about a peaceful set
The Boston Transdript is confident
that Mexico and the world are now
convinced "that the voice of the
President In'this crisis Is the voice bf
the nation;" and the Springfield Re
publican declares that the course Mr.
Wilson advises "is the only one to
pursue and the American people will
show their patriotism to the best ad
vantage by solidly supporting him."
The Chicago Tribune says "The
President's action is based on the
deepest and -broadest foundations of
American international policy, foun
dations sometimes ignored but al
ways ignored at cost." The Chicago
Inter Ocean counsels the American
people "to stand firmly with their
President in seeking such a triumph
of moral force and pressure as most
clearly distinguished from physical
arguments of any kind."
And the San Antonio Express,
speaking from the first hand exper
ience of one on the troublous South
ern border, observes: "Congress
cheered the 'President; we who know
conditions In Mexico, we who are
more capable of judging because of
our proximIty to and out familiarity
with the afiairs of the neighboring
Republic, congratulate him on his
wisdom and strength."
Thus, almost without a dissenting
voice, does the press of the United
States sanction and support the far
sighted and high-minded policy the
administration Is carrying forward. It
is doubtful if ever before in the coun
try's history a President ever inspir
ed confidence so cordial and wide
spread in dealing with a crucial is
The North Carolina Way.
Last year a young man from a
country in this State was tried for the
murder in Charlotte of a prominent
young man of that city. The killing
occurred in a hotel at Charlotte and
seems to have resulted from a fight
which arose among drunken men.
The jury very properly found the
slayer kuilty of manslaughter and he
was sentenced to four years impris
The attorneys for the convicted
young man have recently been mak
ing a hard fight to secure his par
don. They managed to get the sig
natures of eight of the jurors who
sat on the case to the petition for
clemency. Governor Craig, however,
has announhed that he will not in
terefere with the case since he has
made a study of it himself and is
satisfied that the punishment is not
'How different the North Carolina
way from the South Carolina way!"
says the Greenville Piedmont. Down
here we dare say the prisoner would
have been turned loose and in the
reasons given by the governor for his
action, the fact that eight jurors had
signed the petition would have been
the first mentioned.
It has always been a strange thing
to as that jurors would return a ver
dict of guilty against a man, which
calls for a sentence of a certain num
her of years, a fact which the jurors
know when they cast their ballots,
yet will turn right around and sign~
a petition for a pardon in a short1
time after the conviction. It simply.,
to our .mind, goes to show what a
frail institution man is."
Men, like Governor Blease and
others, who seem to be anxious for
war with Mexico would soon find a
bomb proof safe' if war did come.
Our young men, many of whom
wvould find soldier's graves in Mexico,
ar too valuable to be sacrificed for
th benefit of the big American trusts
doing business in that turbulent
Had those people who are opposed
o the sale of whiskey under any
form in all the counties that recently
otei in the dispensary by very small
majorities inaugurated a determined
and relentless warfare against the
ocial clubs and blind tigers, regard
less of whom the fight involved, these
ounties would have rejected the dis
The movement to utilize public
choK houses for the benefit of the
public when not used for school pur
poses is making headway fast, and it
i well. To convert -these buildings
into social centers is a wise plan, and
i the country it will do much to
lessen the dull monotony which is
the-- gra ane of rural life.
Watch the papers, find out
advertises his goods. He's t
that knows his store is.up-to-<
the goods you want, that prices
tion, and who invests money :
cheapest way to tell customers
He Leads the
His name is a watchword f
the other, thousands of readei
when they want the things I
they feel as if they know him
home paper. His store is popt
fresh goods; no stale stock is
money because he renders a se
You can't impeach the exp<
men. It has brought them su<
chant will say "Advertising
doesn't pay?" The man who
business, who has waited foi
door instead of creating it and
to succeed, follow the example
ADVERTISE. where it'll do
If you are in busi
you are no
PRIMARY NEEDS REFORM
.OHN J. McMAHAN URGES LEGAL
REQUIREMENT OF SCHOOL
Attendance ti) Meet Exceptional Cas
es and Insure Disciplinary Con
Editor of The Times and Democrat:
Children with school-going com
panions will want to go to school
It is natural to imitate. This is mo
tive by suggestion--one of the most
poten influences in life. Thus it is
quite easy to sqnd children to school
if it is the custom of the neighbor
hood to do so, but it is difficult in a
community that has not this custom.
The development of such a custom is
much to be desired, and may require
the aid of law.
Resisting Needed Discipline.
.But there are times when children.
even though they started to school
with eagerness, will drop out or lag
wnless kept to the tasks by the comn
"ulsion of the parents backing up the
teacher. At such a period of strain,
'f the parent undermines the in
fluence- of the teacher, or encourages
the child to give trouble or stop off,
t may prove the fatal turning point
In the career of the child. Whether or
not thus ruinous to the child, the
ontagious example and demoraliz
ing infhuence will disturb the work of
the other children, and will retard
the growth of that community senti
ment necessary for the establishment
of tho nodo ommunity attitude to
ward supporting the school and the
teacher and making the fullest use of
Here is the need for the exercise of
the authority atf the State to protect
the school which it owns and pays
for, and to control the parent who is
ecentional in harsh disregard of the
'hild's interests or is exceptional in
wak surrender to the self-will of the
ecentIonally rebellious child The
state's authority Is to correct the
rong attitude of the Ignorant or
eartless narent and prevent the de
ial of the child's right to use the
hool facilitties offered by the Stace
r the State's anthority Is to stiffen
he backbone of the weak narent
heln1lessnaianst a spoiled and dis
>bedent child. Thus in iteher enee
he State comes in merely to suinn17
he dleficipnov of the needed narent
othority. which annears only i e
entional cages. All law Ie for a'
entonal casos--to mal'o the"m '"
avore e'reentional hr adding motives
he normal and customary.
To Stendv Parent's .Tudgment.
tndane will have far-reaching ho
nffeinl moral edrect as the ervstn
ration of miblic pninlon and the
inal settlement of wavering in'ii.!
du'ol views hr the soveweien decree.
Thns saith the law!'' This will tend
o straighten and steady the indg
neat and motive of a naren~t Inclin
d to let the child star at home for1
fmsr. fan cied or otherwise false
rasons. The child may be nut to
vork too young. when not really nec
ssrr for the sunnort of the family.
fr the parent may inst care nothingI
for the school-concOde It no rirhts
nd eive It no thought. and therefore
ithout reason keen the child loaf
ne at home. Tn similar indifference
ithout nrofessed hostility, the par
rn+ indefinitely delays starting the
bild to school. unon sundry pretexts
nueh as waitine for shoes, and new
1thes, or 'books, or waiting till the
eather is 'hetter, or till the child
ots over its cold. etc. In such cases
~he child may never learn to read.
~snecilly if without associates to stir
~he ambhition to attend school despite
Dropping Out of School.
TLat us emphasire the fact that the
bld seldom attends school without
~arental compulsion, and every year
anr drop by the way. Even after
e habit should have been acouired
v rears of attondance, pressure is
till needed and when exerted usually
as good effect. Many a boy does
ell at the high school, though he
'ld have stonned before entering
if allowed to hare his war. -Sim
ary a boy frequently starts to col
ee against his will, and would stop
'ach year. hut for narental influence.
owadays it is often persuasion of
streaty rather than control, as par
uts In easy circumstances have so
--nallycae toncmmand. Never-1
what merchant continually
e man that invites atteition,
tate, that feels certain he has
them on the level of competi
n advertising because its the
what he has for them to buy.
rom one end of the county to
's see his advertisements, and
ie sells, they remember him,
-having seen his ad in their
ilar, his shelves are filled with
left on hand; and he makes
rvice to the buyer.
rience of successful business
cess, and every leading mer
Pays". And who says "It
has failed to make good in
trade to come in the front
bringing it in. If you want
of those who have succeeded.
ness advertise; if
t close up.
theless the unwilling student usually
justifies the pai-ent's decision-espe
cially where the parent shows a'real
decison and firmness, and is not con
tent to keep the Iboy at school or col
lep-e merely in name.
Trying Out th> Child.
But more and more as the higher
education is approached the taking
of it may be left to the choice, the
aptitude; of the boy, or girl. Not so
In lower grades, especially primary,
There the child does not -know
enough to be able to decide for him
self with any real sense. He has not
reached the age of discretion, and
even if his powers of reasoning were
sound and his judgment trustworthy,
he would still lack the data, the In
formation, the range of vision, nec
essary to make an intelligent decis
ion on so momentbut a question.
Moreover, before the child has been
tested, nobody can know enough
about his possibilities to be justly
warranted in deciding against giving
him a chance to show what is in him.
He should be compelled to make a
certain trail of learning before he or
his parents shall decide against ,it.
One of the objects of education is to.
give the child (at first an unknown
quanity) opportunitites to develop
and test his different powers, to
awaken his latent tendencies, tastes
and inclinations, to start all the cur
rents of desire and ambition so that
later he can with reasonable acca1r
acy and fairness to himself and the
world find his true bent and choose
his life work. Already there are
bungles enough made in this selec
tion. There would be more If the
schools were not serving the rising
generation by trying out what Is In
them. But there should come to be
far fewer misfits in life, inevitable
disappointments through misdirected
energies, and -there will be fewer,
when school are more perfectly ad
justed to their proper work, and the
children are more universally put
through preliminary school thainuing
of the right sort.
JTohn J. McMahan.
Columbia, August 30.
LOOSE LIVES JN AUTO.
Trying to. Avoid Negro Boy Causes
At Nashville, Tenn., Monday four
ersons were killed and three Injur
ed when four of the six racing auto
mobiles competing In a twenty-five
mile race at the State fair grounds
trark were wrecked. A Lsibor day
crowd of' 5.000 witnessed the acci
dent. The dead are: John W. Sher
il. driver: Thomas P. Brlidges,
mechanician: William Sherrod, driv
r: "('ooch"' Brown, mechanician.
The inin'*ed are: Clyde Donovan
and Pdward Polk. drivers, and Free
man Ormnshv. mechanician.
The accident occurred at a point
n the mile track directly across the
feld from the grandstand and in
pinin sight of the crowds. The six
ars were runnine at a terrific rate
when Donovan. who was leading, was
en'nelled to swerve suddenly to
avoid runnine down a small negro
hoy who had run across the track.
n doing this he burst a front tire,
and in an effort to clear the course
turned his car Into the fence. The
ar crashed through the barrier,
which fell back on the track. The
car just behind was able to avoid the
wrecare, but the machines which
followed were not so fortunate. Shier
rod's racer struck the obstruction.
leaed high in the air and turned a
complete somersault. Into this mass
of wreckage plunged Sherrill's car.
The machine was demolished, driver
and mechanicians beiing instantly
killed. The machine driven by Polk
was only slightly damaged. All the
deed and injured lived at Nashville.
Scores of men spend their lives
making money by all sort of nigh
ets and onoressing the noor to leave
to a lot of song who will hardly give
them a thought while they are trying
to keen cool in a hotter clime than
this. It is hard for some men to re
memer the story of the rich man and
(01owing cron renor'ts are comning
in from all over the South, which
moans the farmers of this section
will be easy financially this winter, if
the are not inrrled out of what they
have made by the manipulation of
Why don't they let Thaw go? No