Newspaper Page Text
LdOUIS AvPPELT. kEditor.
IANNING. S. C., OCT. 15.11913.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY
Publishes All County and Town Of.
LET ALL VOTE.
It is time for some of those
who are urging the reformation
of our primaay laws to suggest
a practical solution ot the trou
ble. All of them disclaim
wanting to disfranchise white
citizens, at the same time they
admit we have plenty of law up
on the statute books to protect
the primary elections The ad
vocates of changing the law
contend that while we have plen
ty of law now upon the books
for the protection of the prim
ary, it is not enforced, and
thereby frauds are perpetrated.
If /this is true, we cannot see
how a change in the law would
help matters, because if the
present law is sufficient if en
forced, no law the legislature
can make will be any better, if
Senator Christensen of Beau
fort has for the past two years
been advocating the reformation
of our primary laws, and in a
recent issue of his newspaper he
suggests, I. Enrollment 60 days
before the primary. 2. Enroll
ment in person, and only in one
club. 3. Identification of the vo
ter at the polls. He says "Let
every South Carolina Democrat
vote in the primary." There is
no objection to the suggestion,
except perhaps, that feature
where each voter is required to
enroll in person. This may be
inconvenient, especially, where
the voter lives at a distance from
the enrolling place.
We do not agree with the of
ten made assertion that frauds
are committed in our primaries,
but we are satisfied there are
many irregularities, If the pri
mary system is as fraudulent as
some claim, it does seem strange
to us there has been no proof
brought forward to substantiate
the claim. The last general
primary was one of the most ex
citing the people ever went
through. and -the cry of fraud
went up from the newspapers
all over the State, a committee
was appointed by the State ex
ecutive committee to investigate
but it only to discovered some ir
regularities which did not affect
the election at all. It is easy
enough to cry fraud, but when it
- comes to the proof it calls , for
something more than the mere
assertion from a wrought up or
a disappointed imagination.
The primary rules may be im
proved upon in some particulars,
but so far as the State laws are
concerned we have never be
lieved the legislature has a righi
to go any farther than to make
laws which will protect such
rules as a party promulgates,
but those who are wanting tc
revolutionize our primary are
not content to let the party
make its rules and regulations,
they must have the general as
sembly to enact laws more fai
reaching than the party rules;
if left to them they would elimi
-nate from the electorate a large
portion of the citizenship; by
having a property qualification,
and other means to disfranchise
-those who they think should not
have a voice in this government,
and, because of this disposition
on the part on some, there is a
general suspicion whenever it is
proposed to do anything with
the primary. We join the Beau
fort Senator in saying "Let
every South Carolina Democrat
vote in the primary, but do not
let him vote but once, and pun
ish him if he sells his vote." It
is against the law now for a
voter to repeat, and it is against
* the law now for a voter to sell
his vote, it is also against the
law to buy votes; what we should
like to know is, if we have suffi
cient laws now, how can more
laws help matters unless the
people will see to it that the
laws are enforced.
The legislature has no author
ity to make rules governing a po
litical party, any more than it
has the right to prohibit a party
from making rules, but it is
within its rights to make laws
that will protect a party's rules
from fraudulent practices, and
right now there are laws upon
the statute books which give
ample protection to ever-y rule
and regulation a political part.v
may make, therefore we -say
there is no necessity to do more
than to make a few improve
ments to the present rules,
which can be done by the party
in its convention without the
need of legislation.
Mrs. Emmaline Pankhurst is
about ready to start for Ameri
ca, bnt when she reaches this
side there' may be objections
raised to her landing. Whether
they let her land or not we do
not believe her starting for
America will help the suffrage
cause, and especially the millit
ant features represented by Mrs.
Pankhurst. There are many
women in America who are
ardent believers in giving the
voting privileges to women, but
they want this brought about by
education and sane methods.
However, should Mrs. Pank
hurst make speeches in this
country, her first appointment
should be in Washington in joint
debate with the senior from
THEY WILL NOT INDICT.
The action of the grand jury
in Charleston in throwing out
the liquor cases given to them
for indictment, is notsurprising,
notwithstanding Judge Bow
man's charge that the possession
of a united states license is suffi
cient evidence upon which to
find a true bill. About 300 per
sons were reported as being in
possession of these licenses, but
the jury returned "No Bill" in
all of the cases considered by
them, leaving the others over
until another term. It is not
surprising, because, for the well
lknown fact that the sentiment
in Charleston county is against
the present liquor regulation
laws, and has always been from
the time the first dispensaiy law
was enacted, nothing short of a
license system will satisfy those
We do not believe a grand
jury can be drawn in that county
which will return indictments
against the violators of the pres
ent law, we do not believe offi
cers can be chosen who will at
tempt to enforce this law; the
sentiment is almost unanimous
against the dispensary, and the
sentiment would be the same
against prohibition; unless the
people will endorse a law, it is a
hopeless undertaking to attempt
to enforce it regardless of the
earnestness. and the activity of
conscientious officers, no law
can be enforced with the com
munity sentiment opposing it.
1 he problem to be solved by
the legislature is to enact a law
which will meet with the en
dorsement of the people of that
community; it has been demon
strated time and again that the
present law will not be respect
ed. Law and Order Leagues,
the pulpits and the press com
bined, will not avail against the
public sentiment on a question
of this kind, then what is to be
done? It will not do to sit idly
by and allow the present con
ditions to continue, some way
must be fonnd to better them.
The Prohibitionists will say
state-wide prohibition is the
remedy, that with the Webb Act
of congress, the state legislature
can enact a state-wide prohibit.
ion law which can be enforced.
As we understand the Webb Act
it only provides for the dry
states to regulate the liquor
trafflic. The very same people
who now sit upon the juries will
sit upon them under the Webb
Act; if the cases could be trans
fered to the federal courts per
haps then the Webb Act would
do the work, but if the violations
of the law, even with the aid of
the Webb Act, are to go before
grand jurors made up of .the
citizens of the community, we
cannot see where the law will be
any better enforced than it is
THE SOUTH'S COTTON CROP.
Tentative estimates indicate
that the cotton crop of the
growth of 1913 at current prices
for lint, and for seed will be
worth over $1,000,000,000.
The highest value in the ten
years of record which the census
office has kept of cotton prior to
this season was $963,180,000 for
the crop of 1910. Last year's
aggregate value stood next to
that and was $920,630,000 in
cluding cotton and cotton seed.
That the biggest crop does
not bring the highest aggregate
value is sbown by the experi
ence of 1911. There were then
grown 16,160,126 running bales
equal to 16,250,276 bales of 500
pounds each, These figures all
included linters. But the value
of the record crop of 1911 was
only $395,840.000, or just $103,
340,000 less than the 1910 crop
of 12,022 405 running bales.
This latter crop was remark
able for the price it brought per
pound. Its average export price
of 144 cents was the highest in
twenty five years.
There are those who estimate
the value of the current season
crop on a 14-cent basis. Farm
ers at Southern railway stations,
especially in the east, are get
ting on the average of 13 cents
a pound or $05 a bale. At these
same points the average price
for cotton seed is $22 a ton. At
last .year's production of lint of
193 2 pounds an acre, the 35.622
000 acres would yield 13.764,000
bales. This seems conservative
in view of the fact that current
estimates generally range from
14,000,000 to 14,500,000 bales.
At $65 a bale we should have the
Crop of 13,764.000 bales at $63
Seed, 6.000,000 tons at $22 a
Total value of lint and seed at
farms or gins $1,026,660,000.
The value of cotton .seed in
19]32 was estimated by the cen
sus office as $128,390,000. The'
quantity of feed itself was 6,104,
000 tons, compared with 5,A75,
003) tons in 1910, which had a
total valud of $142.860,000.
The above aggregate of $1,
026,660,000 represents the worth
of the products. or the price
basis assumed at the point at
which they pass into market,
or where, as in the case of seed,
they are consumed on the farm
because they are regarded as
more valuable for planting or
feeding purposes than to be sold
to the seed-crushingmills.--Wall
The Law and Order League of
Charleston has cut out a lot of
work for the Charleston juries,
by reporting to the court every
holder of revenue license for
the sale of liquor, just what the
outcome of this crusade wixll be
remains to be seen, but there is
this much cer-tain the sentiment
in the city is not at all unani
mous in favor of the violation of
Whenever the Mexicans would
rid tbemseves of a political ad
versary they assasinate him and
be done with it. Madero reach
ed the presidency by wading
through blood, and was later
slain by followers of Huerta,
Senator Domingues after mak
ing a speech denouncing Huerta
was found dead in a suburban
city, the victim of assasination.
and now one hundred and ten
members of the chamber of dep
uties after signing resolutions
relating to the death of Domin
gues warning Huerta, they were
arrested and thrown into the
penitentiary by the order of the
President, When a country is
in such a condition we cannot
see-bow it is possible for it to be
pacitied unless some strong out
side power intervenes with arms.
The united states occupies a po
sition which makes this the log
ical country to take the iniative,
at first we did not think
armed intervention would be
right but the longer the trouble
continues the worse it gets and
now we think some decided ac
tion should be taken.
Comptroller General Jones has
had a great deal of trouble try
ing to have the income tax law
if this State enforced, but now
that the federal government
is going to collect from those
who have an income over $3,000
a year. it will make it much
easier for the State authorities.
There are many who will take a
chance with the local authori
ties, but when it comes to hav
ing buisness Uncle Sam they are
STATE POLITICAL NEWS.
There are persistent rumors
afloat that Senator B. R. Till
man is going to take some ac
tive part in the next campaign
in South Carolina. The most
plausible of these rumors, al
though confirmation is lacking
at the time, is that he is seeking
to induce A. F. Lever, congress
man from the seventh district to
enter the senatoral race against
Governor Blease and Senator E.
D. Smith. For sometime this
possibility has been mentioned.
It is almost definitely known
that Mr. Lever has been ap
proached upon the subject of
entering the senatorial contest
from even as high a source as
the senior senator, but, except,
for Mr. Lever-s published state
ment some weeks ago, nothing
is now known at this end as to
whether he is-seriously himself
considering entering the tight.
Aside from Smith and Blease
the only other candidate whose
announcement is regarded as
practically positive, according
to published reports, is E. P.
Mc~ravey, of Pickens, author
of the local option compulsory
education bill that was intro
duced by him and passed at the
last session of the general as
sembly. but failed of passage on
being returned vetoed.
Along with the rumor .as to
Tiliman's wisti for Mr. Lever to
run for the senate is the rumor
that the senior senator has al
ready picked his candidate in
the gubernatorial contest. It is
not known whether or not he
will make a fight for that possi
ble candidate, in fact, much of
the senator's plans as to tbe po
ltical tight in the next cam
paign are little short of vague
rumors at this time. Some
folks are of the opinion that Sen
ator Tillm-an will protit by last
year's expirience so far as the
gubernatorial contest is con
Opinions differ widely as to a
third man's chance in the sena
torial contest. Most everyone
admits, however, that a third
man would get a large number
of votes, but all qualify the as
sertion by saying "That depends
upon who the third man shall
Of course no one can' forecast
what effect a third man or ad
ditional candidates of Frank
Lever's strong calibre would
have in the senatorial race.
Talks with hundreds of men
in politics have convinced the
writer that most of them would
not like to take the chance of
running for the senate and giv
ing up what Mr. Lever has in
Washington. They regard him
an important man in the house
and in his own district folks
would like to see him remain in
the house generally speaking.
There is no getting around the
fact that whether he won or
lost in the senatorial rsice, the
people of the statewould, know
that Lever was in the battle.
He is a fine campaigner,a good
stump speaker, and more over
has a splendid record in the
house. My only recollection of
an attack being made on him was
in connection with his lumber
vote, I believe.
This would make a battle roy
al; Cole L. Blease. E. D. Smith,
A. F. Lever and W. F. Steven
son, the last mentioned having
been sometime ago brought out
as a probability in the senator
ial race. Should these four run
it would be a fiery race. Even
should no one else enter the con-j
test it is highly pr-obable things
wvill be interesting with Gover
nor Blease and Senator Smith
the main ones in the big fight-r
Mr. McCravey is regarded aE
strong man in his immediate sec
tion in the Piedmout. but to be
factor in the tight he would
ave to gather strength in the.
ampaign, after it reached the
Chas. Carroll Sims, of Barn
well, is now regarded almost a
ertaity in the gubernatorial ~
race. S3ometime ago it was an- j
ounced that he would run and I
ate.,o lile mention was made 3
IT HAS NOT OUR APPROVAL
Will those that voted for E.
W. Hughes endorse Mr. John P.
Grace's action in protesting
against the election of Richard
S. Whaley?" This question has
been frequently put to us recent
ly; we thought our position was
thoroughly known, but it seems
it is not, and requires us to re
peat that we are not approving
or endorsing the movement which
must be so embarrassing to Mr.
Whaley. As for the others that
voted against Whaley, we are
not authorized to speak, they
can speak for themselves, but
we do not think they have given
Mr. Grace any encouragement to
bring on the investigation he
has asked for.
If Mr. Grace has the proof to
sustain the charges he has made
against Mr. Whaley, the congress
must either throw Whaley out
by declaring his seat vacant, or
stultify itself. The law which
Grace charges Whaley with vio
lating was enacted by congress
to prevent the purchase of seats
in that body, under this law
seats have been declared vacant
in the past; what will be done in
the present case depends upon
the proof submitted.
We have always submitted
without question to the declara
tion of the authorities of the
party, and when it declared Mr.
Whaiey the party nominee, all
of our opposition to him ceased,
we voted for him in the general
election as free as we voted
against him in theprimary;what
we shall do next summer is not
to be considered now, but with
the effort to unseat him we have
no sympathy and sincerely hope
that there will be no proof of
To say both sides were cor
rupt in the primary does not
help matters, there is only one
side on trial, the question is not
whether this or that candidate
spent as much as another, what
congress is called upon to investi
gate is did the sitting member vio
late the law to procure his seat,
therefore, if the other candidates
spent ten times the amount limit
ed by congress, it has nothing to
do with it, but if the sitting mem.
ber exceeded the amount fixed by
law, it has all to do with it.
A QUEER DECISION.
A Frenchman was riding on
an American train on one occa
sion, as the train was nearing a
tunnel the conductor called out
"look out". the Frenchman
stuck his head out of the win
dowand came near being struck
by a stone pillar, in his fright,
he turned to his fellow passen
gers and asked "vat kind of
language dis ez, he say look out
yen he mean look in." The
reader of the statutes of this
State finds himself in about the
same quandary as the French
man. The statute law makes it
a misdemeanor to transport Ii
quor for unlawful purposes, and
the courts, county as well as
municipal, have been punishing
the perambulating barrooms
who go about with the pocket
establishments for doing busi
ness, our State supreme oourt
however, in a recent case which
was carried up from Anderson,
has thrown a different light up
on the matter, and, we fear they
have so construed the law it will
make it doubly hard to secure
convictions. A party was con
victed on the charge of tran
sporting .liquor, because the
proof was that he was sent by
the purchaser, and he bought
from the seller the liquor which
was delivered by him to the
purchaser, the court which orig
inally tried the case said this
was in violation of the law, but
the highest court says, it is not,
and reversed the lower court,
thereby sanctioning by its de
cision, the methods frequently
resorted to by the blind tiger,
delivering illicit liquor through
a go-between. If the statutes
do not make it a violation of law
to carry liquor from an illicit
seller to the purchaser, then it
does not make it illegal to sell in
any way. and every dollar col
lected as fines from those uon
victed for transporting should
be returned with apologies from
the convicting court.
Friday's State wants Teddy
Roosevelt to come to South Car
olina when he returns from the
South American trip to hunt
possum. Teddy's gun would be
dangerous about a possum hunt
ing ground at night.
The Herald Publishing Com
pany a recently chartered corpo
ration? has begun the publica
tion of "The Herald" with Mr.
J. K. Breedin as editor. Its
irst issue which reached us last
Friday morning contains a nuim
ber of advertisements and con
siderable reading matter.
Many of the counties are hav
ing fairs this year, and we do
not see auy reason why Claren
don should lag behind; several
years ago a few public spirited
men got together and endeavor.
ed to have a fair in this county,
but the project fell through,
mainly because those at the
head of the proposition did not
get behind it properly, then
there were others who would
not give it encouragement be
cause they did not occupy a
front seat in the scheme, but we
do not think such would be the
case no. The farmers generally
see the advantage of a county
fair, and we believe, if a farmer
who has the confidence of his
fellows will take charge of the
project it can be made a success,
and we are satistied that a coun
y fair adheme will be heartily
supported by the ousiness men
)f his candidacy. He has been
.egarded a strong factor in the
Blease ranks. The recent illness
)f Mr. Rembert has caused a re
rival of the Sims' candidacy
tmong his friends. Mr. Rem
)ert has not yet made any state
ent as to whether he will con
;inue in the race. As soon as
ossible a statement will be ob
!ained from him.
News has reached Columbia
shatLieut. Gov. Smith who was
ick at his home in Timmons
rille, is well and out again.
Major John Richards, railroad
yommistioner, has just returned
from his home at Liberty Hill,
where it was repoeted in one of
be papers, a conference was
eld. This was said to have had
reference to Mr. Richard's can
lidacy for governor.
The primary matter is daily
growing more and more import
?nt as a factor in the next legis.
ature and in the next state con
vention. Men from other sec
bions of the state who have come?
to this city lately say that the
real fight will be with regard to
the primary. Thus far R. 1.
Manning, of Sumter. is the only
candidate for governor who has
tackled the primary question.
Mr. Manning announced that he
favored every white man, not
disqualified by constitutional or
statutory provisions, voting and
such regulations as will prevent
any man voting more thau once
There appears to be little in
terest shown in candidatee for
other state offices at this time
Aside from one or two an
nouncements for railroad com
missioner and one or two men
tioned for adjutantgeneral, there.
has been practically no talk of
candidates making any strenu
ous fight for offices other than
the governorship. Adjutant
General Moore it is aanounced,
will offer for re-election and it
is believed all the other state
officials will. For lieutenant gov
ernor, B. Frank Kelly of Bash
opville, is the only announced
candidate so far. J. Arthur
Banks of St. Matthews, has
been urged to run but he has
not decided to do so. For comp
troller general, veteran A. W.
Jones will undoubtedly be a can
didate although he does not be
lieve in announcing so far
ahead. Mr. R. M. McCown
another who has held office for
some time, will be in the race
for secretary of state; so will
J. E. Swerirngen, for superin
tendent of educat-on; E. J. Wat
son, for a comissioner of agri.
culture.commmerce and indus
tries. Thos.. H. Peeples for
attorney general. Formal an
nouncements have been made
only in one or two instances.
L. M. Green.
Beware of Ointments for Catarrh that Contan
i~s mercur will surely destroy the sense 01 smen
snd cmlely derange the whole system when
nterng t through the mucous surfaces. Such
rtiles should never be used excepton prescrlp
rions from reputable physicians, as the dattage
Ihey will do is ten fold to the good you can pos
ibly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure.
manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo. 0.,
ontans no mercury, and Is taken imternally.
tting directly upon the blood and mucous sur
aces of the system. In buying Hall's Catarrh
cure be sure you get the genuine. It is taken
nternally, and made in Toledo, Ohio, by F. J.
Cheney & Co. Testimonials free.
goldb Druggists, price 75c. per bottle.
Take Hall's Famil Pills for constip&tion.
Wblle we have been blessed in this
State with an average cotton crop in
many sections, and with a price that is
remlnertive. I fear that the financial
relief that Is coming to many of our
farmers will make/jthem forget the
necessity at this time of' seeding a large
gra crop. especialy oats, and I would
add, some wheat. I am calling the at
tention to the advisability of seeding
these two wrain crops from the fact
that, the corn crop in many of the great
corn producing states of the wes5t is a
failure. In many sections it. is an ab
solut-e failure, and the present prices
of corn in the western markets. and
reflcted in our local markets, should
make us realize the necessity of seed
ing a large crop of oats, and in many
ases, wheat in order to supplement
rhe crop of corn that we are now harv
esting It is not too muchi to exp.'t
that corn next spring ann summer will
be selling for 81 50 cash, and $1.50 or
more on credit, per busbel. Surely,
the possibilities of such prices is enough
to make us stop and think. and the
farmer who has not produced a sufti
ient aupply of corn for man and beatst.
lertainly will by very much in his own'
light if he does not seed ais large a crop
f grain as it is possible for nim to do
[ have mentioned ihe seeding of w hea:,
not from the fact that it is a paying
market crop on our S:tte, hut [ am on,
af those who believe that every farmer
hould make all of his suppli-s athme
ror it is my observartion that tho4. who
practice tihis method of ag~riculture' art
enerally the men who are prosperou5
It would take only a few acre-s on~
each farm to supply every family with
Sur enough for home consumpto.
W WV. LONG.
State Agent & Sup't., ol Ext.
Woman's Missionary Society meet
og Friday 16th, inst., Method~.t
hurch at 4 o'clock p. m.
"Praise God from whom all blessing,
Scripture lesson. The Divine Comn
anion Gen. 6: 9; Micah 6: 6-13.
Duet-Mrs. O'Brvan andl Mrs. Or-vin
Address-Mexico Present. Past
sd Future. Ra~v. G. P. Watson.
Hymn--'A charge to keep I have."
4otice of Incorporation.
The undersigned o~icers of WVest
ninister Presbyterian church hereh1
ive notice of application to tbe See
eary of State for a chatrter for- an
leenosynary corporatio'n of the abov
S. T. FRANCIs President.
W. .1. TAYLOR, S.-ei .dtr..
Alcolu, S. C., Oet. 15, 1913.
Will cure your Rheumatism
euralgia, Headaches, Cramips,
Iolic, Sprains. Bruises, Cuts and
lurns, Old Sores, Stings of Insect s
st. Antiseptic Anodyne, used in
..--11.andiexternally. Price 25c.
Columbia. S. C.. October 10:-T. R.
Browd,-r wss g-ven exectirive! clemency
by the governor, having the sentence
of two years imposed for assault and
battery with intent to kill reduced to
an alternative of $50.00 fine or impris
onment upon the public works of Clar
endon county for two years. There
was the further contlitiou that the de
f,'ndant, do not engage in the driakinv
of alcoholic beverages. The official
Browder, T. R. (white).
Convicted at, the September. 1913,
term of court for Clarendon county of
assault battery with intent to kill, and
sentenced to two years imprisonment
upon the public works of Clarendon
Petition was presented by IHon.
Harvey W. Mitchum, State D.speosary
Auditor, in which iL is stated; "That
the facts in the case are as follows:
That the father of your petitioner got
in a diiculty with Ollie Fiud ou the
moruinL- of the 12t day of May 1913.
That in the afternoon of the same day
the d flicult.y was renewed whereupon
your prtii ioner happened up and see
ing the said Flud coing at the father
of your petitioner with an open knife
in his hand, told him to stop, where
upon the said Oilte Flud turned and
made at tlis petition,-,- shot at him in
seif defen.e. Thia the said Odie Flud
has got entirely over the effeets of the
wound. Wrer.-upon your petitioner
ask your Exc-leiey to grant him a
pardon or parole a in the juagment of
your Excellency seems best."
It seems that this was a general
fight, and that the other parties en
&aged in it were each fined fifty dol
The petition is signed by one bun
dred and thirty-four of toe good citi
zens of Clarendon county.
Upon the showing made, and in view
of the fact, that the other parties mixed
up in the row were fined fifty dollars,
the sentence of the defendant, was coin
muted to a Bue of fifty dollars, or two
years imprisonment upon the public
works of Clarendon county: and upom
the further condition that he refrain
from the use of alcoholic beverages or
liquors. Cominutation dated October
Home-Keeping women Neen Health and
The work of home-keeping women
makes R constant call in her strength
and vitality, aud sicknes comes through
her kidneys and bladder oftener than
she knsws. Foley Kidney Pill invie
orate and restore her, and weak back,
nerveousness, achiu joints and irrigu
lar bladder action will all disappear
when Foley Kidnev Pills are used. For
sale by all dealers everywhere. Advt.
Harvin, S C.. Oct. 13, 1913.
The Manniim Times:-Please pub
lish the following, which is a direct
request of the U. S. government:; To
wit: The tabulation of the separate
returns from the ginners lor the Sep
tember 25 report show-, the telegraphic
%ummary to be correct. There were
9.324 bales of cotton, counting round as
half bales, ginned in Clarendo. count%,
from the crop of 1913 prior to Septem
ber 25, as compared with 6,053 bales
givved prior to September 25, 1912.
JOSEPH D. McFADDIN,
Special Agent Clarendon County.
In the Old Days When Children Were
Sent to War.
Among other improvements In the
art of war as attained by the world In
these later days is the abolition of the
pra-tiee of sending children to sea, as
was the case when the midshipmen of
the old 3.ak walls" of England often
were boys of less than fourteen years.
The Marquis of Dutferin and Ava in
telling about the siege of Bomarsund,
in the Crimean war, which he witness
ad from the frigate Penelope, related
this story of one of these little fellows.
"What pleased me most during the
whole business," he says, "was the
gallant behavior of a little midship
man, a mere child, thirteen or fourteen
years of age. About the tIme when the
fire became pretty hot I happened to
come across hign, and, as he seemed to
be as aiuch out of a job as myself, 1
touched my cap and took the liberty of
observing that it was a fine day,- to
which lie politely replied that it was.
"'Encouraged by his urbanity, I ven
tured to ask him how long he had been
at seai. to which he answered, 'I have
only left my mamma six weeks, but I
ain't going to cry on her majesty's
quarterdeck,' a remark which I think
as worth recording as many a one made
by more Illustrious heroes. Soon after
this. however, a man was killed close
to him~i. andi the little fellow fainted
and was taken below.'
OUR USELESS BUFFALOES.
They Have Passed Away Because They
Were Economically Unfit.
As a typical species of American
fauna the buffalo had his place in our
history. but take him by aud large he
was a rather useless beast, with no
adaptability for civilization. He served
his purtpose oin theC plains when men
led a nomadie life there and existed on
his rifle. Butt as soon as the range
land. over which the buffalo "-roamed
in couotless thousands." became fit for
settleent the buffalo was decidedly
Veruy little' of him was fit to eat. He
was woi'th a bulle't when there' was no
ether meltat t~ lie had. lbut au peomple ae'
ustom~edl to mdernm steaks aind i'oasts
would find him iiot overapipetizing
once the noveltyv wore off. in a word.
the buffalo was e'oniomfically iunfit, andI
he wvent the way oft the unfit.
Hand lie bee conserved he might now
e affordiing opportunity for big gamet
hunters to etijoy thetmselves in mnoder
rtion. Th'ley are reaill' theC only per
sous whohave:~\ suiffer'ed by Is disap
pe~'arne. To\ Ireser've the buffalo as
a serimen itn our ::oos is proper. He
is a curntiosty atnd has ai historicalI
abue. littt enitiely too tmany teairs
hav e bueen she'd otvert his dlestrunction.
Oe steer wais arnd still is worth a
dloent bisoni. -seat tle l'ost- Intelligencer.
I/ave k!" 6,
- r ineyana~laddrorNes"
ale by Dikoa Drug Store. Atv.
Clarendon County Schools' Fair
The School Improvement Association in co operation with the
,ounty Board ot Education has decided to hold a County school
hiir at Manning Friday, December 12th. At 10:30 o'clock, there
gill be a parade of the future citizens of the county, the school
:hildren, beginning at the school house and ending at the fair
Each school in the county is expected to have as many booths
it the fair grounds as there are teachers in the school. The ex
ubits in these will consist of any articles made. raised, or owned -
>y the children.
These will be judged according to Quality, Quantity, Variety
Attractiveness, by men and women from other parts of the state.
Each school is expected to decorate its own booth, and to bear
;he expenses of constructing it. This will be only a small amount
ind the boys and girls will be allowed to sell any of their articles
o defray all or a .y part of such expense. I suggest the following
hings as suitab..; for the booths. but this by no means limits the
lisplay, as we want originality, and are anxious to see just what
>ur boys and girls caa do.
Examination papers, compositions, maps. 'drawings, paintings,
problems in arithmetic, algebra, geometry. Exercises in gram
nar, paper cutting, paper folding, posters, sand table work, sew
ng, fancy aprons, plain aprons, dresses, shirt waists. embroid
ry. crochet, knitting, samples in button hole making, in putting"
>n patches, in mending clothes. in darning stockings, quilts, sofa
pillows, work bags, dressed dolls, bought dolls, and home made
lolls, rag dolls, hickory nut dolls, corn shuck dolls, paper dolls,
baby caps, sun bonnets, shuck and rafia hats, doll hats.
Eatables such as jellies, preserves, catsups, pickles, cooked
meats, ham, chicken, turkey, beef, pork, sausage, loaf bread,
rolls, biscuits. muffins, corn bread, pies of all kinds, cakes of all
kinds, candies of all kinds, sandwiches, peanuts, pop corn, crack
er-jacks, cheese straws, butter, etc.
Articles made, such as axe handles, chicken coops. book cases,
picture frames, screens, bread boards, wood boxes, shirt waist
boxes, brooms, kites, rakes, jumping jacks, etc.
Articles raised. such as corn, potatoes, chickens, hogs, goats.
calves, nuts, vegetables, fruit, sugar cane, flowers, etc.
We expect to offer $5.00 in gold each, for the best exhibit by a
one teacher school, by a two teacher school, by a three teacher
school, and by those with more than one teacher, making twenty
dollars in prizes.
Immediately after the parade, and while things are humming on
the fair grounds, we expect to have a "Better Babies Contest" in
the school house.
These contests have taken root wherever thinking men and
women are found. They are practical, because they arouse par
ental pride, creates a desire to study child life, and'help humanity,
by teaching each parent to help himself.
The better babies contest consists of a competitive examination
of children of three years of age, or under, by physicians, with
prizes for the high scoring babies, Mere beauty does not count,
but the intrinsic value of the baby as a bhuman machine, well pro
portioned. properly nourished, does.
The Woman's Home Companion is behind the movement. Ihave
received from them instructions as to the conduct of the contest.
They will contribute to handsome better babies, medals in bronze,
to be awarded to the farm baby. and the town baby scoring the
highest average. To each first prize winner in any class, they
will present a handsome certificate, printed in three colors. There
will be other better babies prizes announced later.
We will make other announcements from time to time. Our
plans are not conplete, but are growing rapidly. We expect this
to be the BlGGEST DAY Clarendon has ever had. Meet me at
the Fair Grounds December 12th, is to be our slogan. 'I shall be
glad to give further mnformation to those desiring it.
President School Improvement Association.
Allof the season's novelty effects
in suits and overcoats are now
here. We never had such a com
prehensive range of styles and
fabrics tooffer you and bycomung early,
you can get your pick of those beautiful
The aipe the wcrMi 000
in the new olive and green-toned fabrics.
You can also get those novel silk pencil
stripes and silk checked blacks and
blues, either in the dapper English
form-fitting models or in the equally
correct, yet conservative, models.
Plenty of Overcoats, too
tne nifty short models and the long
ones-shawl collars-belt backs. The
fabrics are chinchillas, fancycassimeres.
meltons and kerseys.
In short, we've got everything that
Dame Fashion says you canwear. That's
,why it's easy picking.
The man who comes first gets first
Jos. M. Chandler,
16 South Main. SUMTER, S. C
Ihe Store of Clothing Economy-Thes STYLEPL.US Store
a JOB WORK -2
TO THE TiMES .OFFICE.