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lRL FOUND DEAD
PITIABLE FATE Of A PURE GIRL
110 SOUGHT SUCCESS
LIVED EXEMPLARY LIFE
Struggling Student of Art Answers
Advertisement, Seeking Position
Which Would Enable Her to (,on
tinue Her Studies, and Is Lared to
a Fiendish Death.
Miss Ida Leegson, art student,
whose nude body was found Satur
day on the prairie west of Chicago,
was lured to her death by some man
who telephoned- to her in response to
her advertisement for a place as a
nurse. This was the conclusion of
the polic Tuesday night, after more
than twenty-four hours search. The
thin silken fish line found near the
body and the bruised circle it left
around Miss Leegson's neck, showed
the manner of her death. Her tat
tered clothes indicated that death
had come only after a hard struggle,
but there was nothing found to show
by whom Miss Leegson had been in
duced to visit the lonely spot in the
western outskirts of the city.
Saturday afternoon a telephone
call came from a "Mr. Wilson" who.
when told Miss Leegson was out, in
quired closely after her personal ap
pearance. An hour later he called
again and asked to go to a house on
the West Side to care for his wife.
She left to answer the call and was
not heard from again. The street ad-i
dress given by "Mr. Wilson" proved
to lbe a vacant lot on the prairie. A
canvass of the houses of the vicinity
of the prairie showed none occupied:
by any one named Wilson.
The possibility that Miss Leegson
was lured to her death by an organ
Ised..band of "white slavers" is not
believed to offer a solutio'n of the
mystery. An investigation among;
the teachers at the University of
Chicago' and at the Art Institute in
dicated that Miss Leegson had no
man friends, and that her nights had
been spent In study. Miss Leegson's
hand satchel was found a block from
where the body lay. It had been
slashed with a knife and its contents,
except a pair of stockings and a piece
of soap removed.
Investigation has shown only that
she led an exemplary life, had no
men callers at any of the places
where.she is known to have resided,
and she is not thought to have pos
sessed any large amount of money.
Miss Leegson was a graduate of the
University of Chicago, a sculpture
pupil of Lorado Taft and a student
at the art institute. Her murder
marked the end of a long pitiful
struggle to make her way as a sculp
tor. Her studies at the University
of Chicago were to fit her for work
by which she could- earn enough to
complete her art education. For sev
eral winters she taught school, re
turning to the city to resume her
*work at the art Institute..
Only a. few hours before she was
* -lured to her, death she answered an
advertisement for a domestic, saying
she had to hive funds to enable her
to continue her studies and was not
too proud to do kitchen work. Late
Saturdlay afternoon a man who gave
the name of Wilson telephoned the
residence where Miss Leegson lived.
-and asked her to take a position as
-nurse in a maternity case. She was
*directed to go to 71st street and
Western aventie and walk to an ad
dress four miles west. The body was
found three miles west of the street
intersection in a clump of bushes.
The address to which she had been
directed does not exist.
Game wardeLns followed a trail of
torn clothing to the spot where her
half. nude form was lying. On her
necks were finger marks and encir
cling It was a thin iblue line which
'was -made by a piece of cord found
nearby. A gold watch with the ini
tials I. G. M., which belonged to Miss
-Legsoni, was recovered Tuesday
* from a pawn shop in the negro dis
trict, at Chicago. The police were
given a full description of the negro
who pawned the watch and they ex
pest to arrest him soon. The officers
also obtained from the pawn broker
a description of a small knife bearing
the same Initials, which the negro
attempted to pawn.
The police theory of the murder Is
that Miss Leegson was killed while
resisting the attack of a negro, who
'robbed her after luring her to the
outskirts of the city with a promise'
of employment, according to the be
lief of the police.
RANDOM SHOT HITS ROBBER.
Postmaster Aroused by an Ex~plosion
Fires With Uncertainty.
.Frank Stumpf, Postmaster at Still
water, Saratoga County, N. Y., aro us
-ed at 3 o'clock Tuesday morning by
the sound of an explosion in th~e post
office about 100 feet east of his resi
dence, took his rifle and fired at ran
dom through a window by the side of
the safe, instantly killing an un
known man who was attempting to
rob the safe. One of the burglars sta
tioned outside the post office w
armed with a repeating rifle and fired
three shots at Stumpf, one of which
just missed the postmaster. Two
men then ran away from the building
and made their escape. The third
was found dead beside the safe, the
bullet having entered just behind the'
Cuts Own Throat Instead of Wife's.
After standing over the ple'ading
figure of his wife with a drawn knife~
for two hours, Buck Pitts, of Athensi.
Ga., cut his own throat when officers
summoned by other people in the
building, suddenly stepped into the
room at Madison, to which he had
followed the woman. The pair had
been separated for several months.
I___ I_ ___I
Break From Jail.
Two negro prisoners, Jim Dobey
and John Richardson, charged with
burglary and arson, while being fed
Tuesday afternoon knocked Jailer
Nicholson of Edgefield, down and es-~
caped. Mr. Nicholson, though stun
ned, recovered, procured his gun and
fired at them without effect. A possef
Is in pursuit.
THE NEW TARIFF B1ILL
SOME OF .NY GOOD THINGS
CLAIMED FOR IT.
It Will Reduce the Prices of Many of
the Necessities of Life to the Con
President Wilson's signing of the
Underwood-Simmons bill brings into
effect one of the most far-reaching
revisions of tariff rates and revenue
laws enacted for many years.
A new income tax, appling direct
ly to the incomes of citizens; the abo
lition of all .tariff on scores of
items of immense importance to
American industry and American
consumers and a heavy reduction of
tariff rates on most of the articles In
general use in this country are its
While certain portions of the new
law do not take effect at once, most
of its provisions and almost all the
direct tariff reductions, do.
At every port colletors of cus
toms, appraisers of merchandise and
hundreds of other emplyoees of the
treasury department will plunge at
once into the task of collecting' the
nation's revenue on a new basis, and
with hundreds of new classifications
and new provisions of law to compli
cate their activities.
The Federal government has been
spending nearly a billion dollars a
year and the new tariff law will raise
less than one-third of that sum. Re
cent estimates by tariff experts in
Congress predict that the rates will
raise $249,000,000 a year; and that
the income tax will raise $122,000,
000. The remainder of the govern
ment's great income Is made up prin
cipally of internal revenue taxes and
The income tax probably will bring
the new tariff law most forcibly to
the attention of citizens. President
Wilson and Democratic leaders in
Congress believe, however, that the
reduction of duties on clothing, food
stuffs and other necessaries of life,
and the complete removal of the duty
from many like articles, will even
tually bring a reduction in the "cost
of living" without materially affect
ing business prosperity.
A brief summary of the new tariff
law as prepared for the Senate fo.
Average percentage of tariff rates,
as compared to the value of all Im
ported merchandise, old law 37 per
cent; new law 27 per cent.
Value of annual imports added to
the free list $142,000,000.
Estimated revenue from all Import
rates, old law $305,000,000; new law
Estimated revenue from corpora
tion and income taxes, old law, $37,
000,000: new law $122,000,000.
Altogether, consumers in the Unit
ed States probably will receive from
abroad free of all tariff, more than
$1,000,000,000 worth of merchandise
during the next year. During 1912
the amount of "tree imports" was
more than $880,000,000, and when
the tariff is entirely removed from
wool, sugar, iron ore and cheap iron,
and other important items, the total
is expected to increase notably. Un
der the old law more than 53 per
cent. of all goods brought to the
United States from all parts of the
world paid no tariff, and that propor
tion will be Increased by the new law.
The free wool provisions of the
new law takes effect December 1.
1913; the free sugar provision May
The new tariff law, passed four
years after President Taft signed the
existing Aldrich-Payne law, Is the re
sult of more than nine months of
work In Congress. Hearings were
started January 6, by the House ways
and means committee. Chairman
Underwood Introduced the tariff bill
April 7, immediately after President
Wilson had convened the new Con
gress. It passed the House May 8
and the Senate September 9.
In the opinion of Its makers the
Democratic leaders of Congress, the
most important features of the new
A reduction of nearly one-half In
the average tariff on foodstuffs and
The placing of raw wool on the
free list, and a reduction of nearly
two-thirds In the tariff on woollen
clothing, especially of the cheaper
A reduction of one-third (average)
on cotton clothing.
Reduction of the sugar tariff and
its ultimate abolishment in 1916.
A reduction of one-third (average)
in the tariff on earthenware and
Abolishment of all tariff on meats.
fish, dairy products, flour, potatoes.
coa, iron ore, lumber and many
classes of farm and office machinery.
General tariff reduction on all im
portant articles in general use.
PISTOL ACTS AS CUPID.
In Irate Miother's Hand It Almost
M1akes a Miatch.
"I have a man in my house at the
point of a pistol," Mrs. J. E. John
son telephoned the police of Savan
nah Tuesday morning. "Send a po
licean and a preacher; he's got to
marry my daughter."
Two motorcycle officers were dis
p'shd to the address given. There
they found Joel A. Dickinson, Jr., in
the predic'ament laconically describ
ed over the wire by Mrs. .Tohnson.
Her daughter. Caroline, aged 15, was
the third principal in the affair.
Simultane'ously with the call at
the police headquarters was another
at the court of ordinary. A license
was desired. The stage was set at
Mrs. Johnson's home for the mar
riage when a complication developed.
The couple were willing to marry,
but it was discovered that the groom
to-be was a married man already.
Street Pleads Guilty.
W. B. Street plead guilty to grand
larceny at the Charleston Court of
General Sessions Tuesday. Bruce
Coleman. the young express messen
ger implicated by Street in the crime
was acquitted of all blame.
Dead Man Returns.
After an absence of twenty-five
years in tihe West. Walter Ludwig
Friday returned to Belleville, Ill., to
find that he had been legally dead for
years and that his inheritance had
ENTOMBED MINER FREED
NONE THE WORSE AFTER EIGHT
Rescuers Worked Faithfully to Get
Entombed Man From His Awful
Thomas Toshesky, prisoner since
Friday of last week in an abandoned
chamber of the Continental mine of
the Lehigh Valley Coal Company at
Centralia, Pa., walked into the open
air a free and comparatively well man
at 22 minutes before 8 o'clock Sat
urday morning. He was taken to his
home in Centralia, three miles away,
from his underground prison, and at
once put to bed, apparently none the
worse for his remarkable experience.
It was 7:15 o'clock when the last
barrier of coal was driven away and
Toshesky crawled through the open
ing from his prison chamber into the
tunnel which had been steadily driv
en toward him by eager, willing res
cuers. Seven minutes later the first
intimation was given to the outside
world that the big task was complet
ed and the prisoner was free. This
was when a miner crawled to the
mouth of the tunnel and called to the
top of the pit for blankets and hot
water to be sent down.
Toshesky climbed the path to the
rim of the pit almost unaided. A
stretcher had been taken to the foot
and there were plenty of willing
hands to carry him, but he would
have none of it. His whole attitude
from the time of the rescue until he
disappeared beneath the blankets in
his own bed at home was one of semi
stolidity. Toshesky was glad to get
out of his prison, but he acted as if it
were an old story to him and nothing
over which to make a great fuss.
Once before In his career as a min
er he had been entombed for nearly
48 hours. Half way up the pit Tosh
esky was stopped and posed for a
photograph, together with Dr. H. G.
Fortner, who had been in almost con
stand touch with him since communi
cation was established Tuesday night,
and to whom is largely due to good
health of the man. Toshesky wore
the broadest smile of any person in
the vicinity when brought out.
* Describing .his experience, Tosh
esky said when he was closed in he
thought he would be crushed to
death, as there was several thousand
wagon loads of coal piled towards
him from the botton of the breast.
In fact, two breasts of coal ran away.
Continuing, Toshesky said through
"My dinner bucket and coat at the
bottom of the breast were lost as the
coal rushed in. I had all my tools
with me and my lamp was burning.
I had a half quart of oil In a can by
my side. Sizing up the situation, I
found I was entombed in a space sev
en by fifteen feet.
"I had been entombed twice before
and rescuers soon got me out. I felt
that they would again take care of
me. From Friday until Tuesday I
was without anything to eat or drink
and on the last day my oil gave out.
I was in darkness. It was a dismal
period from then until the rescuers
drove the -bore hole through. After
I got several drinks of eggnog I felt
like a new man."~
WHAT BECAME OF THEM.
Jewels Supposed to Have Been Taken
By Sherman at Columbia.
The following piece Is clipped from
The Pathfinder, a weekly published
in Washington, D. C. It tells of the
efforts of Lord and Lady Banff, pre
sumable English by their title, to be
reimbursed for some of their jewelry
which was supposed to have been
taken from Columhia by Sherman
when he burned Lne city. In the
War Department there are no records
of Sherman as to any jewelry taken.
As this magazine is published in
Washington, the news it gives must
be correct. The article follows:
"In Civil war times the people of
Columbia, S. C., fearing the approach
of the Federals, took their jewelry
and silver and concealed them under
the floor of the Ursurline convent
there. When General Sherman with
his army came through he set fire to
the convent, and the nuns, fearing
that the valuables would be destroy
ed, revealed the hiding place. Gen.
Sherman, according to the story, se
cured the jewelry and plate and sent
them to the treasury department at
Washington for safe keeping. Now
Lord and Lady Banif, owners of some
of the property, are trying to recover
it but the government departments
are unable to find any records of the
deposit by General Sherman."
FOR THREE BATTLESHIPS.
Indicated Plans of Administration at
Next Regular Session.
Three new battleships and a pro
portionate number of submarines and
torpedo boat destroyers is the aim of
the Wilson administration in shiping
Its naval policy for the December
session of Congress. It became
known Tuesday at Washington that
In all pro1" ' ity Secretary Daniels,
of the r- .r nartment, would put
into V his principle of "less
mone., e ' d more afloat," said
avocas . ite part of an appro
priation s48,000.000 to build
three powei ful wparships-one more
than the usual annual quota, though
only a single battleship was obtained1
after a stormy fight in the last Con
cress. By the addition of three first
lass batleships naval officials hope
the Unite~d States will resume its!
place next to Great Britain in naval
fighting strength, passing Germany,
which took second place when the
United States dropped to third.
Cow Leads to Murder Charge.
E. C. Burnseed and his son, Cleve.(
are in pail at Statesboro. Gia.. charged 1
with the murder of Pharris Davis. 1
who was found dead near his father's
farm. It is believed that trouble,C
starting when the dead man's cow 1
ot into Cleve Burnseed's pasture, led
to the killing.
Deaths in Texas Flood.s t
Eighteen lives were lost in the 1
Texas floods of the past two weeks.
This death list was completed Tues- ti
day with restoration of nearly nor- T
mal conditions and reopening of com- I'
SAYS HE WILL WIN
SENATOR SMITH CONFIDENT Of
PRAISES TARIFF BILL
Says Agricultural Interests Have a
Brighter Outlook Now Than Ever
and Gives McAdoo Generous Credit
for Placing Money in South.
Expressing confidence in his ability
to defeat Governor Cole L. Blease In
the primaries next summer, United
States Senator E. D. Smith, when in
Columbia Tuesday would comment
no further on the race than to say,
"I will succeed myself." He listened
to questions about politics and show
ed that he is keeping up with 'every
development, but would add nothing
more. He had nothing to say when
told of the conference of the Blease
leaders, which has been called for
Fair Week to outline the Blease pro
gram for capturing the State Con
vention, and the Democratic execu
tive committee next spring.
Senator Smith would not say any
thing on the tangle over the appoint
ment of a United States district at
torney and marshal for South Caro
lina. He gave it as his opinion that
the bill, which has been Introduced
in the Senate by Senator Tillman and
in the House by Congressman Aiken.
providing for the division of the State
Into two Federal districts would be
Senator Snilth talked Interestingly
on national matters, and Is satisfied
the pasage of the new tariff bill will
work greatly to the advantage of the
country, and especially to the farm
ers. He thinks the banking and cur
rency bill will be passed by the Sen
ate, and that along with the reduc
tion in the tariff duties the farmers
will benefit greatly.
"The outlook for the agricultural
Interests is brighter than I have ever
known it, and there is more general
interest manifested in farming and
farmers along practical lines than
ever before," he said. "With the
tariff adjusted and with the banking
and currency law so framed as to
give the farmers equal facilities for
credit, along with other branches and
Interests, I think there is a brighter
future today than ever before for
the farmers since Lhe passage of our
war banking and curroncy measure.
The farmers have waited long enough
and borne the burden long enough
to be recognized,' said the Senator.
Senator Smith thinks the present
session of Congress will run right'in
to the regular session. He believes
the currency bill will get through the
upper branch in time for the regular
session. The junior senator has only
praise for the Wilson administration
and warmly commended the work of
Secretary MdAdoo in depositing Gov
ernment money in Southern and
Western banks to assist in moving
the crops, which prevented a panic.
The Senator was greeted by scores
of his friends. Many men called at
his room In- the hotel to shake hands
with and assure him that he would
be re-elected United States Senator.
Senator Smitti was accompanied by
his wife, and they are attendinig the
sessions of the Wesley Bible Confer
ence.' They will return to Washinig
ton the latter part of the week.
ILLIN~OIS RACE RIOT. .
Negro Mob Attempts to Rescue Wo
man Who Had Been Jailed.
Fifty negroes and as many white
persons Tuesday almost caused a riot
in the village of Romeo, near Joliett,
Ill., when the negroes attacked the
wooden jail and liberated a negress
who had been arrested for drunken
ness. In the fight one negro was
killed and the little jail was demol
ished. James Winfield, after oalling
out negro citizens, led an assault
against the jail and had succeeded it
liberating the woman when Village
Trustee James Hausen opened fire.
Winfield was killed. The disturbers
dispersed. In the meantime calls
had been sent for help to suppress a
ROB REGISTERED MAIL.
Thirteen Thousand Dollars Stolen on
Thirteen thousand dollars has been
stolen within the last eight days in
Washington and Montana from reg
istered mail pouches, according to in
formation given out at Spokane,
Wash., Tuesday, by post office Inspec
tors, who admit they have no clue to
the thieves. The first theft occurred
at Havre, Mont., when a mail sack
was slit open on the station platform
and $1,000 taken. The second took
place somewhere between Seatle and
Wilbur, Wash., when $10,000 was
stolen. The third was committed
near Great Falls, Mont., when 0,000
Gunman Kills Wrong Man.
Two New York peddlers offered
Frank Van Tonlo, a Brooklyn gun
nan, $50 to beat up David Connor,
vho took their horse by the bridle
md amused himself by leading the
mimal around in circles. Van Tonlo
nistook Robert Brady for Connor
md shot him dead. The peddlers
~onfessed to the bargain with the
unman, but protested they had no
~rievance against Brady and no de
;ire to get Connor anything worse
:han a beating.
Pulls Wrong Cord, Son Dies.
Citto Musso, seventeen years old,
>f St. Louis, was ground to death in a
,lay grinder when his father acciden
ally pulled the wrong cord and set
he screw in motion. The boy was
Lt work in the machine and before he
ould be extricated both legs had
>een ground off to the hips.
Wife Guilty of Murder.
Mrs. Susan Ross, on trial at Ful-1
on, Mo., for the murder of her hus-i
'and. J. H-. Ross, was found guilty in i
he second degree and sentenced to
en years' Imprisonment. Ross was:
nurdered while he slept. the revolver
vith which he was shot being found1
SHOULD NOT FALTER1
CURRENCY REFORM BILL SHOULD
BURI i THE SESSION
President Wilson Makes Plain His
Conviction That the Democrats
Should Break the Alliance of Disaf
fected Republicans or Pass Act at
Once in Spite of It.
The currency bill and President
Wilson's determination to write it
into law before long became the
storm centre of legislative activity
at Washington on Tuesday. A series
of conferences at the White House
made apparent a rather doubtful sit
uation surrounding the bill in the
Senate committee on banking and
currency and resulted in a general
conference among Senate Democrats.
President Protem Clarke, of the
Senate, Senator Kern, majority lead
er, Senator Lewis, Democratic whip;
Chairman Owen of the banking and
currency committee and Senator Ollie
James of Kentucky were called to the
White House to discuss the situation.
After the conferences it became ap
parent that measures were to be tak
en to get the Democrats of the Sen
ate behind the currency bill as a par
President Wilson took the attitud6
that the determination of the Senate
banking and currency committee to
conclude its hearings "on or before
October 25" showed that the Repub.
licans of the committee, with the aid
of two or three Democrats opposed to
the bill, were controlling the situa
tion and that the Democratic major
ity should at once take steps to de
monstrate its responsibility of legisla
All the senators who conferred
with the president took the position
that as the Democrats were respon
sible for currency legislation they
should take the matter into their OWD
hands. It was indicated that one
method which might be pursued was
to withdraw the bill from the consid
eration of the full committee, where
it is now tied up, and turn it over to
the committee Democrats as was
done in the House.
By this method, if the committee
Democrats were unable to agree on
the bill, it could be ' .ken direct to
the Democratic caucus, although Sen
ate leaders were doubtful as to the
outcome of a currency caucus under
present conditions. It would, how
ever. be a choice between submitting
the bill to the full committee of Re
publicans and Democrats or taking it
Senator Simmons of the finance
committee conferred with the presi
dent at the White House. "The Dem
ocatic party," said the Senator after
wards. "is just as responsible to the
country for the prompt currency re
form as it was for tariff revision. The
Democrats in the Senate went on
record in a caucus recently in favor
of currency legislation during the
present session. I think it is our
duty to carry out that purpose."
Mr. Simmons said he saw no ob
jection to considering the currency
question again in a caucus and would
discuss the subject further with his
colleagues. He declared that the sit
uation had reached a point when an
agreement of some kind to end the
hearings early and report the bill
soon was necessary. The Democratic
Senators are almost unanimous in
favor of action at this session, he
Senator Kern said Tuesday that it
It became apparent that the bill was
being delayed the Democrats. in order
to assume their responsibility for
legislation, would call a caucus. Sen
ator Owen also took the position that
the measure should be made a party
matter. It it believed that the bill
will pass at this session. Many Sen
ators and Congressmen agree with
the President that the bill should
pass at this session.
BOYS AND GIRLS WORK.
Many Corn and Tomato Clubs Are In
The department of Agriculture
Tuesday announced that winners of
the State prizes in the boys' corn
club, contests in the Southern States
would visit Washington and be wel
domeed by the department on Dec
ember 11. It is proable that win
ners of State prizes in the girls' to
mato raising contests will visit here
at the samie time. There now are
about 70,000 boys in the corn clubs
in the Southern States and about3 4,
000 girls in the tomato clubs. The
Northern States have just started or
ganizing this year. but it is thought
that altogether there are about 100,
000 children in the club work.
Present indications are that there
will be something over 200 boys in
the Southern States whose corn crop
will average more that 100 bushels
to the acre, although this was a bad
year for corn in the South. Twenty
five bushels an acre has been the av
erage of the United States for sev
eral years. The department Is work
ing out a plan for crop rotation and
hog raising by which, with two acres,
it Is believed a boy will be able perm
anently to improve the fertility of
an acre of ground and make enough
to keep a family of five. The officials
are not yet ready to give out the de
tails of the new club plan.
Wooden Leg His Savings Bank.
Charles Bennet, of Oil City. Pa..
astonished loungers in the Colonial
Annex hotel, at Pittsburg, when in
response to the response to the
clerk's inquiry if he had any valu
ables, untwisted one of his legs and
drew out $800 which he deposited
with the clerk.
Underwood for Senate.
Representative Oscar W. Under
wood, majority leader in the '.use,
late Saturday issued a formai state
Saturday issued a statement announc
ing his candidacy for the Senate.
$1,500.000 for South Carolina.
The treasury department has de
pospited in national banks $30.408,
000 of the proposed1 $50,000,000 of
government crop-moving funds.
REBEL'S CAPITAL TAKEN
MEXICAN FEDERALS MARCH IN
TO PIEDRAS NEGRAS..
Thousands of Refugees Cross Into
United States When General Maas
Appears With Victorious Army.
Without firing a shot federal sol
diers late Tuesday took possession of
Piedras Negras, erstwhile provisional
capital of the Constitutionalists cul
minuating the victorious march of
the government army under General
aas through the state of Coahuila,
the home of Venustiano Carranza,
With the exception of four stragglers
who were cut down .by federal cav
alry while attempting to escape
across the border, all of the Consti
tutionalist troops in Piedras Negras
marched away with the approach of
the government army. They were noi
pursued, the victorious troops con
tending themselves with a search o1
the city for rebels who might be in
The federals were first sighted
shortly after noon Tuesday on a hill
top, two miles south of the city. Can
non was planted and when all was
made ready for a battle a troop 01
cavalry was sent over the hill at a
gallop and into the city. In the
meantime the handful of Constitu
tionalists had shouldered their arms
and marched away. The federal ad
vance guard encountered no resist
ance, and marched into Piedras Ne
gras through the Alameda to the de
serted Constitutionalist administra
tion building, and took possession
Tuesday night the city was policed b3
troops, and there had been no loot
While the city was being evacuated
and before the federals took posses
sion panic prevailed among the resi.
dents who made a rush fo' the inter
national bridge. As an act of mercy
to terror-stricken women and chil
dren, the quarantine established b
the city of )agle Pass was partially
raised and several thousand personm
were permitted to cross the boundary
and were marched under guard t<
quarantine camps outside Eagle Pass
Reports as to the status of the
revolutionary movement were con
flicting. Some dispatches Indicate
the rebel army is badly scattered and
broken in spirit, while others arc
that the different bands are still in
tact and are marching toward a com
mon point to renew the campaign
Monciova and Cuatro Clenegas in the
central part of the state of Coahuila
still are under rebel rule, it is under
stood, while private advices receive<
at Laredo, Texas, report that the im
portant city of Torreon, in the south
ern part of the state, has been takei
by Constitutionalists. No reports arc
given as to the whereabouts of th<
Constitutionalist leader. Carranza
who was governor of Coahuila wheE
he proclaimed a revolution agains
the government of President Huereta
and left Piedras Negras three month:
ago, ostensible to take command o
the rebel forces mobilized near Tor
LOOK OUT FOR THEM
A New Flim Flam Game Being Wor
ked on the linwary
Although Atlanta has the reputa
tion of being a wideawake and mod
era city, her people every once in
while get taken in for a scheme tha
would be recognized as an antiquate<
fake in Social Circle or Frog Level
An elderly lady on North Side .wa:
visited a couple of weeks ago by apro
sperous looking, real estate agent wh<
talked about Texas investments an<
on leaving handed her a numberec
'This may not be worth anything,'
he told her. "but keep It carefully. Ia
connection with the sale a number o:
lots will be disposed of by chance, an<
there is a possibility that you mal
hold the winning number.". Duly im
pressed, she put the certificate in th<
China vase on the mantlepiece in th<
sitting room, and forgot U~l a.bout it
A day or two ago ano'ther stranigel
"You are Mrs. So-and-So? Yot
are the holder of certificate No. 4875
Well in that case I congratulate yot
as you have won a handsome lot ii
Buncoville, Texas. -By letting mi
have $5 to pay for recording the title
you can take immediate possession.'
The lady joyfully paid the cash, and
after the agent had gone, called ur
her friends to tell them of her good
fortune. The same thing had hap
pened to several of them. The de
tectives are looking for the two swin
There are a number of these ganies
that are being worked off on people
in different parts of the country, and
it would be well for the people of this
town and county to let all strangers
with anything to sell or give away
severely alone. This is the time o1
the year when these flim-flam artists
come around, and the only safe way
is to have nothing to do with them or
their little schemes. We all remem
ber the washing machine and hedge
fence swindlers that operated in this
section some years ago to the sorrow
and loss of a number of people. We
say let such fellows alone.
PTOMAINE POISON FATAL.
Two Children Dead, Another Dying
and Another Stricken.
Magnolia, aged six, and Myrtle.
aged eight, daughters of Will Head
ey, are dead, and Edward, aged ten,
is dying, while the mother is serious
ly ill, all from ptomaine poisoning
rat their home near Montgomery, Ala.
riday morning the family ate stale
ocoanut, bannanas and canned
oods. One of the children died a
few hours later. While returning
rrom the funeral the other girl and
licr brother were taken violently ill,
:he girl dying in two hours. Mrs.
Readley was stricken last.
Dogs Trails Right Person.
Police officials at Jerscyville, Ill.,
~riday used bloodhounds to trace the
ierson who clipped the long auburn
iir of Miss Myrtle Hamilton, four
en years old. The bloodhounds
'ollowed the trail to Miss Hamilton
id she confessed she had clipped
ir own hair to attract attention.
'reviously her hair had been snipped
EARLY VIEWS TRUE
TILLMAN'S RETROSPECT IN CON
SHOWS GREAT PROGRESS
Senior Senator Tells of Hostile Atti
tude of Many Towards Him Eigh
teen Years Ago, But Since Then
The Things He Advocated Have
Become Part of the Law.
Stating that when he came to the
senate 18 years ago he was looked
upon as an ultra-radical and semi
anarchist and that the plutocratic
press has never ceased to hold the
prejudice they then had against him,
though some have become more lib
eral and generous, Senator Tillman
Saturday secured consent of the sen
ate to publish in the Recort and to
have printed as a public document an
article he prepared at that time giv
ing his impressione and beliefs about
Wall street and the money power.
"I am asking for its publication,"
Senator Tillman said, "because so
much that was mere surmise and
prophecy then has come trae, and I
feel it very appropriate for me to re
produce it. I shall incorporate in it,
if the senate will permit me, statistics
and facts to make the picture a pho
tograph of present conditions, to be
compared with conditions which ex
isted in 1896 something on the order
of 'before and after taking' or Till
man on conditions on 1896 and those
conditions now brought down to date.
My retrospect is only for 18 years.
"When I came to the senate 18
years ago I was looked upon as an
ultra-radical and semi-anarchist, and
the plutocratic press have never ceas
ed to hold the prejudice they then
imbibed against me, though of recent
years they have become more liberal
and some of them even generous in
their comments about my personal
One point that will strike every
body-and it is a most importnat one
-is that the income tax which the
supreme court then declared uncon
Etitutional has just been enacted into
law, the constitution having 'been
amended so as to make it legal for
congress to do it.
"We have had a great howl in the
senate about the inequality and in
justice of the income tax. Some east
ern senators have lamented the
wrong done to their constituents, the
well groomed and well fed million
aires, who will have to contribute to
the expenses of running the govern
ment because of this tax. They have
spoken about the injury done their
'people'--'my people' collectively
seemingly unconscious of the fact,
which is very patent to any one, that
while the well-to-do In New England
and the middle West will bear most
of the burden of the Income tax,
these very men haye been robbing
their fellow citizens, the working
men, and keeping them poor. These
rich men have systematically milked
the poor man's cow in the east just as
they have milked the farmer's cow
in the West and South, but they have
been shrewd enough to make him be
lieve the contrary. They have ap
pealed to the poorer classes to vote
with them to keep the Democrats out
of power, and have succeeded until
the last election.
"I do not believe that these poor
men can be bamboozled into voting
against our Democratic president and
his policies by any such claptrap or
illogical appeals. The time is com
lng very rapidly when the poor men
everywhere will line up at the ballot
box against wrong and oppression
without regard to party, and a de
mand for laws which will secure
equality of opportunity with equality
of burden will be made in thundren
"But we have just begun to undo
the deviltry which has been perpetu
ated by the Republican party in the
past 25 or 40 years. Let us continue
the good work until we enact laws
which will insure the country against
manufectured panics such as was
produced in 1907.
"The 'silver craze' as it was called
in derision, has quieted down. The
'goldbugs' promised all soi-ts of bless
ings to the country if the gold stand
ard was maintained. But somehow
the high cost of living continues to
climb and the poor people are getting
more and more restless. Some of
them are almost desperate and hope
less of any relief.
"I do not know myself what is
wrong with the world, but I do know
this: The unrest is growing daily,and
Socialists multiplying apace, and con
gress should set Itself honestly and
earnestly to the task of righting
things and furnishing relief. Charles
Francis Adams' address will throw a
great flohd of light from the view
point of that distinguished publicist
and patriot now verging on 80. The
essential parts of the Democratic
platform of 1896 are going to be en
acted into law sooner or later.
"The people have chosen a wise
and patriotic leader, who will neither
betray nor sell them out. Woodrow
Wilson is 'making good' every day
of his life and will go down in Amner
ican history as one of the greatest of
our presidents. Lett all laggard Dem
ocrts, if there be any, buckle on
their armor and fall into line under
his leadership, and let us move for
w'rd toward the restoration of our
great republic, to that grand Ideal of
Lincoln's 'A government of the peo
pl, for the people, and by the peo
Sonator Tillman recently had the
senate print as a public document the
spech of Charles Francis Adams, de
livered on the occasion of Founders'
day at the University of South Car
olina last winter, entitled " 'Tis Six
ty Years Since."I
Found Mfoney Just in Time.
Albert Chittenden, of Marion, Kr.,
while hunting recently, found a purse
containing bills which he lost two
and a half years ago. The bills were
almost entirely decayed and hardly
lasted long enough to be redeemed
by the United States treasury office.
Staring 3Man Kills Wife and Self.
Mrris Rosenthal shot and killed
his wife and then turned his revolver
on himself when she refused to take
KNOCKED OFF BUILDING
AEROPLANE FLIES INTO CROWD
WATCHING ITS FLIGHT.
Aviator Beachy Loses Control of His
Machine Causing it to Brash Roof
Where Spectators Stood.
Miss Ruth Hildreth, daughter of
W. E. Hildreth, of New York City,
was killed, and her sister, Dorothy
Hildreth, was perhaps fatally injured
late Tuesday near Rochester, N. Y.,
when Lincoln Beachy lost control of a
hundred-horse power aeroplane and
it swept off a roof from which they
were watching the exhibition. Ruth
Hildreth fell upon an automobile and
her skull was fractured. Among
those slightly hurt were Lieuts. Rich
ardson and Bellinger, of the United
States aviation corps, and Beachy.
Beachy is said to have planned to
execute a somersault in the air. A
crowd had gathered for the exhibi
tion. To gain a good view the Misses
Hildreth and the navy officers climb
ed to the top of a small building used
as headquarters by naval aviators.
Beachy. recognized the party and
dipped his machine in salute. They
waved. The aeroplane went to the
end of the field, turned and came
back. When It was over the heads of
the Hildreth party the machine' was
seen to dip. The aeroplane cime so
close to the party as to sweep all to
the ground. The machine careened
wildly and pitched to the earth, un
seating the aviator and wrecking the
Ruth Hildreth was unconscious
when spectators reached her and
blood was gushing from a gaping
wound in her head. Her sister also
was unconscious. Dorothy Hildreth
sustained a broken arm and leg and
may have internal injuries. Her con
dition is said to be critical. Lieuts.
Bellinger and Richardson escaped
with cuts and bruises that are not
serious. Beachy sprained an arm
and ankle. He said that as he reach
ed a point directly over the naval
building he momentarily lost control
of his machine because his foot slip
ped from one of the controls.
THE C'ifTON BOLL WORM
Should Not be Confused With the
The Department of Agr'culture
has -recently receiwd numerous In
quiries about injury by the iotton
boll worm, especially in the eastern
part of the belt. In manz cases this
insect has been confused with the
boll weevil, and severa* erroneous
reports about the occurrence of that
pest in new regions have thus be
come prevalent The department is
sued the following statement in
The boll worm Is the larva of a
moth, and is only very distantly re
lated to the weevil which belongs to
the large group of beetles. The worm
when 'first hatched is very .tiny, but
grows rapidly, becoming finally a lit
tle gru-b is white and found only ,
within the cotton square or iboll. It
never exceeds one-half Inch in length.
In the case of the, present outbreak
the Injury began so late in the sea
son that little can be done to-protect
the present crop. Nevertheless, a
farmer can insure the crop of the
coming season against injury .by the
pest with comparatively little trou
ble and expense. The action that
should be taken -vherever injury has
occurred this year Is to pick the cot
ton -as quickly as possible and imme
diately thereafter to plow and har
row the fields. This work will result
in the destruction of the Immature
stages of the worm which have pass
ed just beneath the surface of the
soil.. In addition to the effect in de
stroying the Insect the plowing and
harrowing of the fields will have very
great value In the way of preparing
for the crop of the following season.
Methods of control of the boll
worm are applicable in different sea
eens of the year are described in
Farmers' Bulletin 290.
GAVE STREET ONE YEAR.
.Try Refused to Believe His Frame
up About Coleman.
Bruce Coleman of Saluda, former
ly a Southern Express company mes
sen ger. was tried in Charleston this
week and found not guilty of breach
of trust and grand larceny In connec
tion with the robbery of the comn
pany's car on a Southern railway
train Aueust 28. W. B. Street, of
Reeveaville, who admitted robbing
the car, but accused Coleman of comn
pllcity. pleaded guilty to grand lar
ceny and was sentenced by Judge
Bowman to serve one year In prison.
Coleman was arrested on the
strength of a confession by Street,
who gave what purported to 'be a con
spiracy between him and Coleman to
rob the express safe. He declared
that he took the money and then, by
arrangement, locked Coleman In the
express safe. The messenger was
found in his temporary prison when
the train pulled Into the Charleston
The jury apparently placed little
confidence in Street's story of the
robbery, as it required only a brIef
period of deliberation to decide on a
verdict whieb, soiuitted Coleman of
ll blame in eneneoctio~n with the af
fair. Tt was a plain frame-up on the
part of Street against Coleman, and
it would hare been a miscarriage of
instice had the jury failed ot acquit
Sheriff Averts Lynching.
is threat to "bathe the hills with
blood before he would be arrested."
came near costing Willie Boule, a
negro. his life in Natchez, Miss. He
was arrested in Harrison by Sheriff
T. B3. Hammett, appointed to succeed
his qon who was killed in the bloody
fht at Harrison a few days ago.
Hammet urged the crowd to allow
him to discharge his duty as an offi
cer of the lew and Boule was spared.
Big Police Shake-up.
What is said to be the biggest po
lice shake-up whic-h New York has
known will be efrected during the
next few deys by the uinrooting of all
the nolicemen in the uniper West Sido
tenderlo'n section and replacing
them with 500 young men just tern