Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. APRIL 15, 1914 NO.3
SIN NEW TREATY
UNITED STATES TO PAY COLUMBIA
FOR GRABBING OF PANAMA
MUST NOW BE RATIFIED
Tentative Agreeemnt is That This
Country Pay Twenty-Five Million
Dollars for the Participation of
Panama and the Acquisition of the
Twenty-five million dollars is the
amount the United States agrees to
pay to Colombia for the partition of
Panama and the acquisition of the
canal zone In the treaty signed Wed
nesday in Bogota by American 31inis
ter Thompson and the Colombian
authorities. No rights for a new In
tereceanic canal across Colombia by
the Astrato river route and no coal
ing privileges on Providencia Islands
of the Colombia coast, it was added,
were contained in the treaty.
The boundary between Colombia
and Panama is to follow the line laid
down in an earlier treaty which was
signed but never approved by the
Colombian congress. One important
demand which the Souih American
country had been insisting upon, the
free passage of her merchant vessels
through the canal, was given up be
cause of President Wilson's attitude
In favor of repeal of the tolls exemp
tions. That had been a stumbling
block in the way of final agreement.
The Colombian congress will be
called in special session to pass on
the treaty before it is submitted to
the United States Senate. Accept
ance of the latest treaty will end 10
years of negotiation and friction be
tween the United States and Colom
bia and relieve strained diplomatic
relations which have been watched
with the keenest interest by Latin
Colombia has insisted that the
United States either pay a lump sum
for the canal zone it acquired when
the Republic of Panama was set up
over night with guarantees of integ
rity from Washington, or that the
whole question be submitted to The
Hague for arbitration. The last ne
gotiations took place at the close of
President Taft's administration when
Minister Dubois under instructions
of Secretary Knox offered a settle
ment on this basas:
Ratification by Colombia by the so
called tri-partie treaty of 1909 by
which Panama agreed to apportion
with Colombia the annual payment of
$250,000 'Which she receives from the
.United States as rent for the canal
zone for a sufficient period to liqui
date any claim of Colombia's up to
Payment of $10,000,000 to Colom
bia by the United States for the op
tion on the Atrato routes and mili
tary sites at St. Andrews and old
Providencia. An offer of the friend
ly Influence of the United States to
bring about a settlement with 'Pan
ama. An offer to arbitrate rever
ulonary rights in Panama.
Before going out of office Presi
dent Taft transmitted a letter to Con
- gress containing Secretary Knox's re
port of the negotiations, saying that
Colombia by refusal had "closed the
door to any future overtures by the
United States". Secretary Hay had
previously declined to submit Colom
bia's claims to arbitration on the
ground that they were political and
The text of the treaty Is not to be
published officially until afterfaster,
Representative newspapers declare
the treaty Is very concise and con
tains the following provisions:
I. The restoration of friendly rela
tions between the United States and
II. An indemnity of $25,030,000
to be paid to Colombia six months
after the ratifications have been ex
panded between the two countries.
III. Certain privileges for Colom
bian commerce .by way of the Pana
IV. The Colombian Panama boun
dary to be based on the law of June
9, 1855, demarcating the former So
lombian State of Panama.
V. The United States t~o lend her
good offices for the settlement for
pending questions between Columbia
Bank Robbers Slain in Fight.
Joseph A. Patterson, who entered
and robbed the State bank of New
alla, Okla., of 0700 was shot and
killed in a running fight near Okla
Gasoline Fumes Fatal.
Tom Fuller. a negro workman of
Fayetteville, N. C., went into a gaso
line tank car Tesday to clean it out.
The fumes killed him before onlook
ers could drag him out.
Schoolboys Fight With Knives.
At Sandersville, . Ga., Ernest
Grnbbs, aged twelve, is expectc i to
die as a result of a pocket knife stab
Inflicted by another boy in a school
boy fight Tuesday.
Massachusetts Ex-Governor Dies.
Ex-Governor Eben S. Draper of
Massachusetts. died Thursday in
Greenville from the result of a stroke
of paralysis earlier in the week.
Bomb Outrage in Detroit.
Vittorla Gunsmana. a drug store
proprietor of Detroit. Mich.. was kill
ed Wednesday when a bomb wrecked
Glets $20,000 Verdict.
The widow of one of the victims
in the wreck on the L. and C. rail
road, last summer, has been awarded
$2n n00 damages
GOVERNOR IN TEARS
GLYNN REFUSES PARDON TO
THE NEW YORK GUNMEN.
Puts Aside the Sympathy of His
Heart in Order That Justice May
An impassioned and dramatic ap
peal by five Jewish clergymen of New
York for a stay of the execution of
the four gunmen convicted of killing
Herman Rosenthal was denied by
Gov. Glynn late Thursday. The con
victed men now must die in the elec
tric chair at Sing Sing next Monday.
The plea, which was made in the
executive chamber, was based on the
possibility of new evidence develop
ing in the second trial of former
Police Lieut. Becker. It so complete
ly unnerved the executive that he had
to retire to his private office for a
time before he could resume his du
The clergymen are all officers or
members of the Union of Orthodox
Jewish Congregations of America.
Each was permitted to make this
plea. The governor meanwhile stood,
nervously twitching his watch. chain.
His face was drawn and white, his
lips quivered and tears were in his
At times the governor interrupted,
the evidence before him did not war
rant a change of his decision not to
grant the prisoners' plea for execu
"If it were my heart alone that
was considering this case," he said,
"you know what I would -do. If it
was a choice between sentiment and
justice and I had to side with jus
tice, I would have given every cent I
possess not to have had to pass upon
this case finally."
The governor summed up his deci
sion thus: "I am conviced that it
would be a miscarriage of justice to
grant a commutation and an improp
er exercise. of executive power to
grant a reprieve."
Declaring himself "unable to dis
cover any reason that would justify
the granting of a reprieve," Mn.
Glynn quotes the unanimous opinion
of the. court of appeals in sustain
ing the verdict against the gunmen,
as well as District Attorney Whit
man and Trial Justice Goff, to sub
stantiate his contention that the gun
men's case "does not in the least de
pend upon the result in the Becker
Until late Monday night, when
Gov. Glynn had finished reading
every scrap of material bearing on
the trial and conviction of the gun
men, the belief prevailed lie would
grant a respite. The governor sev
eral times declared to newspaper men
that if he followed the dictates of his
heart he would put off the execution
until after Becker had been tried
again. Mr. Glynn seemed to fear
that something might develop at
Becker's second trial that would put
an entirely different aspect on the
part played by the gunmen in the
murder of Rosenthal.
The matter of deciding the fate of
the gunmen was the most nerve
racking task that the governor has
had before him. ''For four days,"
said one of his friends, "this affair
has been on the governor's mind dur
ing every minute of the day. A man
of generously sympathetic nature,
the governor found it hard to bring
himself to sign an order that would
carry out next week the death sen
tences of the gunmen."
KILLS ULTLE BOY.
While Firing at Each Other Two Men
Cause Lad's Death.
In a difficulty Saturday afternoon
between R. E. Briscoe and Ben Brad
ley. both of St. Stephens, Briscoe, it
is said, in attempting to shoot Brad
ley, fired the gun and killed the lit.
te son of Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Jaudon
instantly. The little fellow received
the whole load -of shot .intended for
Bradley in his .breast. Bradley saved
himself by catching hold of the muz
ze of the gun. He lost almost the
entire hand, it being shot away .by
the same load that killed the child.
The boy was about seven years of age
and a fine little fellow. Excitement
was very high, but violence was pre
vented by cooler heads.
Towvn Terrorized by Crazy Negro.
Lewis Martin, a crazy negro of
Pendleton, armed himself with a long
knife Tuesday and went on the war
path. Citizens organized a posse and
finally captured him. He was sent to
the insane asylum at Columbia.
Gun Kick Causes Death.
Walter Rittenberg of St. Stephens
discharged a double barrel shotgun.
and the blow over his heart, caused
by the recoil of the gun, caused his
Joke Causes Trouble.
An April Fool advertisement told
the unemployed of Chicago that a
local railway wanted men.- Five hun
dred applied and began rioting when
Engineer Terribly Burned.
As Engineer W. Hi. Murphy of the
Anderson Ice plant turned off the
steam of an engine a pipe burst and
he was seriously burned by the steam
Just for Two Years More.
'In announcing his race for re-elec
tion Attorney General Peeples says
~e will quit after filling one more
term and give the oflce to some one
Fireman Killed in Wreck.
John Rogers. a negro fireman. was
kiled at Spartanhurg Tuesday when
RICHARD 1. MANNING OUTLINES
PLATFORM TO PEOPLE
TALKS TO YOUNi MEN
Sumter Candidate Outlines His Posi
tion on the Various Political Ques
tions Affecting the State-Young
Men of Sumter Organize to For
ward his Candidacy.
Recently there was organized in
Sumter the Young Men's Manning
club. In speaking before them at
their request, Mr. Manning outlined
his platform as follows:
An issue before the people of this
State is that of safe guarding the
primary elections. The constitution
of 1S95 restricted the suffrage so as
to eliminate, as far a spracticable, the
negro vote. Questions between the
whites were to be settled by a friend
ly family fight in the primaries, In
which every white man, who was not
barred by the constitutional and stat
utory provisions, was to vote. Under
these conditions differences among
the whites were settled, but being a
sort of family :ffair, no rigid rules
were made or practised.
The rules governing primary elec
tions, loose as they were, were often
disregarded, until it became the cus
tom to let them go in almost any
way. When differences arose and
feeling ran high, and distrust of each
other crept in, dissatisfaction with
prevailing methods was manifested
and charges and countercharges of
irregularities and illegal voting were
made. White mens' differences must
be settled fairly. Party feeling and
prejudice often caused men to disre
gard exact justice and fairness. Un
der our present party rule the party
elections are loosely conducted and
abundant opportunity exists for re
peating and illegal voting.
We should adopt such changes in
our party rule as will insure to every
man to vote once, but to vote but
once. It should be made impossible
to permit repeating or to allow non
residents and citizens not entitled to
vote to kill the votes of South Caro
linians whose right and prerogative
it is to vote. We should see to it
that only living South Carlinians be
allowed to vote, and each man only
once, in order that the primary may
be preserved and not destroyed.
I shall advocate such changes in
assessment and taxation as shall
more fairly distribute the burdens of
taxation, and make more equal as
sessments, and with exemptions of
small homes in town, and a home and
small farms of limited acreage, and
I shall advocate such laws as will
promote ownership of homes in town,
and a home and small farms in the
country. I shall advocate a land reg
istration bill and encouragement to
rural credits, warehousing of cotton,
better marketing of crops, accurate
grading of cotton, and protection
from fraud or adulteration of fertili
zers, which will protect the farmer
and honest fertilizer manufacturer;
and by making life on the farms more
profitable and more pleasant and
comfortable, many of our problems
will be solved in a safe and sane
manner. Self-protection, and the so
lution of rural problems, which con
front us, require attention to these
I wish to stress the importance of
the application of good busincss
methods to the administration of all
of the affairs of our State. I believe
in efficiency with economy. The gov
ernor can, by close study and atten
tion to the affairs of the various In
stitutions of the State, insure econ
omy and greater effectiveness with
an ever widening development, and,
if elected, I will give to my State a
clean, progressive business adminis
I favor education at public ex
pense. South Carolina stands nearly
bottom of the list in the percentage
of illiteracy. I shall never be satis
fed until this percentage of illiter
acy is reduced. We have made great
progress in our educational system,
more and more money is being spent
for the cause of education. As a
parent can not spend his money bet
ter than by educating his child, so
the State can not spend its money
better than by educating the citizen.
I favor the maintenance and support
of institutions of higher learning.
and provisions for their growth and
development to meet growing needs.
but I emphasize the needs of the
public schools. A liberal appropria
tion should be made by the State of
a fund to supplement the funds for
the school raised locally--thus to en
worse and to encourage the spirit of
An educated citizenship is the real
justification for public education. We
must make parents realize the neces
city for education. That sentiment
must be so strong as to force parents
to send their children to school.
When a community reaches that
point almost all of the white children
will he in school, and a law requiring
attendance upon school by all chil
drn between certain ages will be ef
eive, and as soon as it is shown
that co~mty can have adequate
scool 1elities. I would favor comi
p.usory edu1cation, with the local op
ton feature, because any law to be
effective must be supported by pub
lie sentim'ent. Mere lcgislation is
I wa"'nt to be frank yith yoCu. my
friends and neighbors. I want to be
eqally frank with my fellowg (itizens
throuhout the State who do not~
know rae as well as you do-I will
at sail under falso colors -I want
all voters to know where I stand on
public questions. I want peace re
stored in So'uthi Carolina. This state
STOP TRACK BETTING
GOVERNUA STUART OF VIRGINIA
RUNS BOOIDIAKERS OUT.
Detectives Raid Track 'and Arrest
to Call Out Militia.
Acting on orders issued by Gov.
Stuart of Virginia ten detectives em
ployed by the Baldwin agency, enter
ed the Jamestown -race track, near
Norfolk, Va., Wednesday and arrest
ed fourteen men accused of bookmak
ing. The detectives were armed with
big revolvers and one of them car
ried a rifle. The raid caused consid
erable excitement among the w'dmen,
but amused the majority of the race
followers, who followed the detec
tives to the gate, shouting jocular
The detectives poked their revol
vers under the noses of the men of
fering odds on the races, and made a
grab for the money, which in most
cases was carried in a satchel. Only
four alleged bookmakers were ar
rested, while ten others were not mo
lested. The raid occurred after the
second race, but the entire six races
were run and many bets were made
after the offi-ers left.
Manager Bob Levy, of the James
town track, Wednesday night an
nounced that meeting would c6n
tinue, but instead of offering purses,
the horse owners would divide the,
gate receipts each day.- The race
track management will fight the case
in order to get a legal opinion that
will prevent future interference. It
is claimed that the system of betting
in vogue at the local track is not a
violation of the Virginia laws.
After being warned by Gov.. Stuart
that the State militia would be used
if necessary to suppress violation of
the Virginia anti-betting laws, the
Jamestown Jockey club late Thurs
day night abandoned the spring race
meeting, which was, to continue until
April 17. Sensational raids and fines
and prison terms imposed upon book
makers had marked the few stormy
days the meet had been in progress.
In a formal statement-the officials
of the Jockey club announced that
they had decided to discontinue the
meet to avoid "any conflict of opin
ion". The statement added that .if
the higher courts later construed the
laws so "that we can condnet racin-g
without fostering a violation of the
laws of Virginia, we will resume;
otherwise the course will be perma
FOUR ARE KILLED.
Farmer is Held Pending Investigation
of His Faiily's Death.
Elihu Francis, a farmer of Aska
delphia, Ark., was taken into custody
late Saturday and will be held pend
ing an investigation of the killing of
his wife and three children, whose
skulls were crushed presumably with
an axe and th'eir bodies burned in a
fire that 'destroyed the dwelling on
the Francis farm nears Arkadelphia
early that morning.
Francis declares that his wife and
children were killed and the house
set afire by an unidentified man'~who
escaped. He asserts that when he
was awakened the man was in the
room wielding an axe. Seeing .his
youngest child, an Infant, Franois de
clares he ran from the house 'and' be
fore he could return the building was
Negro Makes His Escape.
A constable of Fort Mill was tak
ing a negro to the county jail Tues
day in his buggy. When he left the.
buggy for a moment, the negro,
though handcuffed, caught up 'the
reins and made his escape.
Body Found in River. -
The body of an unknown negro was
found Tuesday in the Black River,
about three miles ~below Kingstree.
It is supposed to have been iti. the
water for three weeks.
Mexicans Quit War for Work.
Ten Mexican federal' deserters
threw their rifles into the Rio Granide
at Laredo, Tex., a few .days ago .and
crossed the U. S. border to find. w.ork.
Had an Eye Shot Out.
During a general 'row'am6'ng 'soihe
negroes at church near Reno, LaurenS
county, one negro had his, eyes, shot
out at the hands of another Sunday.
had no reason to change it. I Want
good will, good feeling. .I want. to
see factional politics relegated-to.thie
I want the people to unite~-fl id
vocating the policies which .wilP build
up our State, improve and-uplift, tpe
character of the citizen and,.giye pp
port unity to 'better -condition's. '
shall not. unless forced to do'so. r'ec
ognizc the- existence of twq. faetiens
in this State. 1 have'many friends
and supporters who vo'ted for ~Blease
and many who voted for-Johes In
the governor's race let us drop the
personalities of the past and, .look
ing ahead. take up those riuestions
which affect the interest and welfare
of the people.
It is. however, only froni .for me
to state so that all many. understand
me and my attitude that j..have never
been a follower or suppoi-tei- of Gov.
Plese, nor have -I approved - his
course. Some have attempted to in
ject the issue of Bleaseism into the
gubernatorial race. While I do not
agree with them in this, if 'the same
is persisted in. then my attitude i-s
known and is as stated. I will have
no fear in meeting such an 'issue.
If elected governor I promise to
be the governor of ail the people,
and not of those only who supported
me. I pledge myself to do .justly and
to love mercy and to uphold and
maintain the honer and dignity o1
CONFIRMS WILSON'S MAN
AFTER THREE DAYS' FIGHT THE
SENATE GIVES CONSENT.
Withrop M. Daniels of New Jersey is
Named a Member of Interstate
Nine members of the Senate, head
ed by Senator LaFollette, openly.re
volted against proceedings behind
closed doors Saturday night after
an executive session In which the
Senate, by a vote of 36 to 27, con
frmed the nomination of Winthrop
M.. Daniels of New Jersey to be a
inmber of the interstate commerce
Senator LaFolleite declared on the
fiboF that he irobpsed to defy the
rules of the Senate in future and
-discuss pu.blicly, legislation not af
fecting foreign relations, and later
it was announced that Senators Bris
tow, Cummins, Clapp, Kenyon, Mor
ris, Jones and Gronna, Republicans,
and Poindexter, Progressives, would
r&aintain the same attitude.
The revolt oreated a sensation and
there was much speculation as to the
effect it would have on future execu
tive sessions. The general opinion
wal that there would be no attempt
to take action against members who
disregarded the rule of secrecy.
Confirmation of Commissionar
Daniels closed a three-day fight mark
ed by one of the most bitter debates
heard at the capitol in years. Both
sides contested determinedly, Mr.
Daniels' advocates having the sup
port of President Wilson's well
known desire that his appointee and
personal friend be confirmed without
Opponents to the confirmation bas
ed their objection on the grounds
that Mr. Daniels' views on the valua
tion of public service property were
unsound. As during the two preced
ing days, senators continued to in
sist that Mr. Daniels' ideas, as ex
pressed in the decision of the New
Jersey public service commission, of
which he was chairman in the Pas
saic gas rate case, would make him
dangerous as a member of the inter
state commerce commission, at* a
time when. the commission was fix
ing a valuation on railroad property.
Senator Hughes of New Jersey
called back from a congressional fight
hi his state, spoke at length in sup
port of. Mr. Daniels, and was joined
by Senators Newlands, chairman of
the interstate commerce committee;
Pittman and Williams.
The opposition was nettled by the
patching up of the split in the Dem
ocratic ranks over night. They con
sented fo, postponement of a vote Fri
day, when victory apparently was in
sight, to allow Democratic senators
to talk with the president about with
drawing Mr. Daniels' name after the
noimnation had been recommitted.
Tfiey denounced- the determination
of Democratic leaders after a visit to
the White House to force a vote on
confirhation as evidence of bad faith.
B'LIND TIGER IN JAIL.
Negro Arrested at Gaiffney Keeps Up
His Whiskey Sales.
On Saturday afternoon the Gaffney
polce arrested dlephas Littlejohn un
der the charge of selling whiskey, to
gether with two other negroes. They
also rai'ded an alleged blind tiger and
captured 36. pints of booze. The
whskey~was in- a-box near the door
of. the cell in which Littjejohn was
confued, thoiugh not quite within
reach. A confederate from the out
sde banded him a piece of stiff wire
with which he pulled the box near
enough to be. reached, and during the
day disposed by sale and otherwise
of 15 pints ot the whiskey. A great
crowd was around the city jail dur
ing the whol? day, but it was not dis
covered until later that Littlejohn
had been supplying the thirsty deni
Policeman Slays Woman and Self.
..Leaning .over the shoulder of a
nurse dressing a wound inflicted by a
blow of his' fist'-on the face of Mrs.
Roberta Lester of Richmond, Va.,
Police Sergeant Neisz shot and kill
ed'-her. He then shot himself.
D)ynamite Kills Three.
Three-men were instantly killed,
'ne was so badly-hurt that he lived
oly a..few minutes and, four others
less seriou~sly injured by an explosion
on The Dalles Celilo canal works
neir Dalles, Ore., -Tues<;ay.
Ifusband.ausd Wife Found Dead.
Officers who broke into a house in
West Phi-ladelphia Thursday found
Axander -Glnzer, 20 years old, and
his- wife, 2S, . dead from -bullet
wo.unds. .Two sons, aged 6 and 8,
- Mzrrdered as He Slept.
c' 0P . Bonnell of Hawkinsville,
G.~, was killed Sunday night while
sleping. with his nephew. The lat
te- is held' foi' the zodrder, but claims
a egio burglar comrmitted th'e deed.
Could Not Stand Blindness.
Because he, was going blind Alex
nazei d"Piifdelphia Monday killed
his wife*a-nd -hinise'lf. Their two sons
-believe robbers hilled- them and the
polie are withholding the truth.-.
-T.ife Convict ~Freed.
' The goernor'lias granted a parole
to.LobeMngo, who was convicted-in
Kershaw.county in Julsv, 1911, of
murder and sdntenced to a life term
in the State penitentiary.
Claims Unusual -Damages.
Lillian -Dailiy of Spartanburg re*
centlylost her eyo through the explo
sIn of atrpedo which she found or
Ii railxo'ad track-. She'ieti for $10,
|00, but em :iothin.
EXPULSION OF SPANIARDS MAY
THIS COUNTRY WAITCINi
Constitutionalist Chief Sustains Vil
la's Order and Affirms as a Consti
tionalist Policy the Expulsion of
Spaniards - Wealthy Refugees
Official interest in the Mexican sit
uation at Washington Wednesday
night was divided between the grave
problem presented by the arrival of
the 800 Spanish exiles at El Paso
and the outcome of the battle at
Tampico. Sharp fighting already has
occurred at Tampico, and army and
navy strategists expect the battle
there to be the next decisive strug
Rear Admiral Fletcher at Vera
Cruz Wednesday notified the navy
department that refugees already
were going aboard men-of-war in
Tampico -harbor. He forwarded a
report from Rear Admiral Mayo at
that port asking for an army trans
port as a refuge for non-combatants.
The American fleet at Tampico is
composed of the battleships Minne
sota and Connecticut, the cruisers
Phester, Des Moines and San Fran
cisco and the dispatch boat Dolphin.
The battleship Utah has been ordered
there from Vera Cruz. Read Ad
miral Fletcher reported he had or
dered the hospital ship Solace, nov
at New Orleans, to coal and be in
readiness for service at Tampico.
State department officials were re
ticent in discussing the expulsion of
Spaniards, In whose behalf vigorous
representations were made to Gen.
Carranza. - Officials were noncommit
tal when asked whether further rep
resentations would be made. The
war department probably will be
called on to direct measures for the
care ^f the refugees at El Paso, al
though at the state department late
Wednesday it was said that phase of
the question had not been considered.
While officials agree that in inter
national law these Spaniards have a
right to seek asylum on American
soil, it is realized that the problem
of their ultimate disposition is likely
to bring up many questions to be ad
justed by the United States, Spain
and Mexico. The gravity of the sit
uation will be increased if the con
stitutionalists carry out their threat
to drive the Spaniards out of all the
territory they conquer.
A dispatch from El Paso, Texas,
says eight hundred members of the
Torreon Spanish colony, expelled by
Gen. Villa, found a haven in the
United States Wednesday. They had
been stripped of their property tem
orarily at least but supplied with
emporary funds. They had refused
o leave the train in which they and
heir baggage had come from Tor
reon to Juarez until American Con
sular Agent Carothers arrived to ad
Carothers was unable to assure
ny that they would be restored to
their homes, his interview with Gen.
Carranza having met with the flat
statement that expulsion of Span
iards from Mexico was a settled pol
icy of the rebels and would be modi
fied only In the cases of individuals
who had not been involved in poli
Rafael Arozena, wealthiest resident
f the Laguna district and reported
to be the most extensive grower of
sea island cotton In the world, was
one of the Spanish refugees who rode
to the border in a second class coach,
with only his personal possessions to
show for his lifetime struggle in the
Coahula cotton country.
Aronzena is to the Coahuila Span
ish colony what Luis Terrazas is to
the Chihuahua refugee colony of
Mexicans. He is the leader in com
mercial activities of the Laguna dis
trict, owns a number of the largest
haciendas in the district and his
wealth is estimated at $17,000,000
Aronzena carried only a leather
satchel, a big steamer rug and a bag
filled with his personal belongings,
wvhich he hastily gathered when the
order was given by Villa for the
Spaniards to leave the country. The
Spanish millionaire is a striking look
ing man with a heavy white beard, a
shock of white hair and a pair of gold
rimmed glasses over which he looked
sharply when parrying the questions
" am alone. My relatives and
my possessions are all in the Leguna
district," he said. "I hope to be able
to return, for I have had no part in
the internal politics of the country.
For that reason I prefer not to say
anything for fear it will be misunder
stood. I was not mistreated by any
one at Torreon and have no plans for
the immediate present.''
The most important property left
behind the Spaniards was cotton said
to be valued at $15,000,000. Word
was received from Torreon Wednes
was being loaded on trains for ship
ment to El Paso by Villa.
It Is said the Spanish o,:ners can
not touch the property if it arrives
at El Peso in bond, as is frequently
the case.' If it comes bonded for
transit through the United States for
shipment abroad it can not be re
covered, it is said. It is said the only
way the original owners have of get.
ting their cotton back is in a court
of equity in case the consignment Is
released from bond in the United
Bandit Robs Express Car.
A masked bandit robbed an express
car near Little Roci Ala. ThurSda7
TARIFF WORKS WELL
REVENUE COMES IN ABOUT AS
Decrease In Customs Receipts for the
Past Nine Months Reaches Twenty
Figures were made public in a
treasury department statement Wed
nesday night showing that customs
revenues during the fiscal year, which
ends June 30, 1914, almost certainly
will meet 'and probably will exceed
the estimates made when congress
passed the new tariff law. The State
ment, prepared by Assistant Secre
tary Milburn, in charge of customs,
"It was estimated that receipts
from customs for the fiscal year 1914,
which included three months under
the tariff act of 1909 and nine
months under the present tariff act,
approved October 3, 1913, would
amount to $270,000,000, resulting in
a loss of $49,000,000 from the cus
toms receipts of the previous year.
"The total customs collections for
the nine months just ended amount
ed to $225,500,000, showing a loss
for the nine months' period of $24,
750,000 compared with the collec
tions for the same period during the
fiscal year ended June 30, 1913. As
this loss Is only one-half of the esti
mated loss or the whole year, It Is
proable the the J.une 30, 1914, will
exceed the estimate.
"The loss in revenue during the
months of January and February,
1914, amounted In round numbers to
$6,000,000 and $10,000,000, respect
ively. The customs receipts for the
month of March show a loss of but
$1,500,000 and a recovery of receipts
as compared with February of this
year of over $8,000,000.
"In view of the above figures it
now appears that a monthly average
of less than $15,000,000 for April
May and June, the remaining three
months of the present fiscal year,
would bring the total of customs re
ceipts up to $270,000,000, the origi
nal estimate for this nscal year. It
is proable that receipts for the three
remaining months will exceed this
average of $15,000,000 and that the
total receipts for the fiscal year will
run over the estimate of $270,000,
Whiskey Sold in State During First
Quarter of Year.
County dispensaries in South Caro
line have sold more than $900,000
worth of whiskey since the first of the
year, according to a statement Issued
by M. H. Mobley, State dispensary
auditor. The sales for March was
$295,359,87. The sales were $305,
081.36 in February and $330,123.84.
Following are the sales by coun
Aiken .... .........$ 22,812.40
Beaufort .. .... .....11,755.40
Barnwell. .. .. .. .... 22,006.55
Bamberg .. .. .. .. .... 10,38 9.81
Charleston. .. .. .. ..45,139.40
Dorchester .. .. .. ....7,957.00
Florence. . .... .. .. .. 43,153.73
Georgetown .. .. .. .... 13,142.05
Jasper....... . ... .. .. 1,762.05
Orangeburg .. .. .. .... 25,870.10
Richlann .. .. .. .. .... 70,881.28
Union .. .. .... ....14,537.30
Total .... .......$ 295,359.87
Robbers Hold up Women.
Four women clerks In a jewelry
store at Worcester, Mass., were held
up by a bandit Wednesday night and
beaten and robbed. One of the wo
men Is in a serious condition. The
robber got only a few dollars.
Break Out of Box Cars.
One hundred and sixty members of
the army of the unemployed who
were locked up in box cars at Pueblo,
Cal., awaiting shipment broke out
and secured their release by over
powering twelve -policemen.
Saved Four and Lost His Life.
After saving four of his children
Malcolm Ford dashed into his blaz
ing home at Rossington, Ky., Wed
nesday night to rescue his wife and
two babies, but perished with them
in the flames.
SPresident Takes Rest.
President Wilson and family left
Washington Thursday for White Sul
phur Springs, Va., where they will
spend a few days for the benefit of
Mrs. Wilson's health.
Child Falls Through Trestle.
Louise Chapman, a three-year-old
girl, last her balance while crossing
a trestle near Lancaster and fell to
the ground thirty feet below. She
was not seriously hurt.
Negro Stabs Colored Woman.
Leila Smalls of Florence, a negress,
was stabbed Saturday by Fred Mel
ton, another negro. She was rushed
to the hospital in a dying condition.
Fireman Fatally Burned.
A. C. Page, captain of the Troy,
Ala., fire department was burned to
death Monday when he entered a
building in a search for a child.
Lexington to be Wet.
The election in Lexington in favor
of the county dispensary sytem was
declared legal Friday by the supreme
Unknown Men Drown.
Two unidentified men were drown
ed when a bride over the Mohawls
River, Schenectady, N. Y., was swep1
HEARS CASE AiAIN
JUDGE SMITH RtCONSIDERS STi
IAN NATURALIZATION CASE
MUCH INTEREST AROUSED
Nation Wide Interest Has Been
Aroused Over Recent Decision,
Which Was Greeted With Severe
Condemnation by Syrians Because
of of Misunderstanding.
Great interest has been aroused
all over this country by a recent deci
sion of Judge H. A. M. Smith, in the
United States District Court at Char
leston. Judge Smith refused a certi
ficate of naturalization to George
Pow, a Syrian, on the ground that
he was not eligible under the act of
1790. The newspapers of the State
erroneously reported that the natur
alization papers were refused because
of race, but this is wrong as the fol
lowing article from The News and
Courier will show.
Only informal consideration was
given Wednesday to the matter of an
other hearing upon the petition for
naturalization. It was agreed that
Judge Smith is to file a second opin
ion upon the case, and should it be
the same in effect as the first, the
matter will be taken before the Su
preme Court of the United States'for
final decision. To look-after its-end'
of the case, the Syrian-American
club of New York has retained coun
sel. At the hearing there was Dr.
N. A. Mokarzel, editor of the leading
Syrian newspaper of this country,
published in New York city, appear
ed in a strictly informal capacity and
took part in the discussion. -
It is doubtful if any decision of
the judge of a United States Dis
trict Court in recent years has arous
ed such a manifestation of racial
pride as has the decision .handed
down in the George Dow case by
Judge Smith something more than a
month ago. In denying naturaliza
tion papers to Dow, Judge Smith
held that a Syrian was not eligible
to citizenship under the construction
of the statute of 1790, which provid-.
ed that only "free white persons"
should be admitted to citizenship.
Judge Smith explained, however, that
he did not intend to imply by his
decision that a native of Syria is
other than a white man, but that at
the time of the passage of the statute
of 1790 the country of Syria was
unknown to the lawmakers of this
country and that, therefore, the act
did not apply to natives of that coun
A mistaken impression of Judge
Smith's decision gained currency im
mediately following its promulgation
and the entire Syrian population -of
the United States was aroused to a
pitch of indignation. Syrian publica
tions in their editorial columns ve
hemently condemned the decision of
Judge Smith, as they incorrectly un
derstood It, and prominent men of
the race sought to air their ~-digna
tion through non-Syrian paurs and
in other ways. .It was pointed .out
that there are thousands of Syrians
who have been admitted to citizen
ship by other judges in recent years,
and the interesting question Is as to
[what would be the status of these
naturalized Syrians in case the deci
sion of Judge Smith was accepted as
The Syrian-American club of New
York city became interested In the
Dow decision because of the 'bearing
it had on the future of the Syrians
in America. Steps were taken to file
a protest before Judge Smith, .and It
was stated that the case would be
taken to the Supreme Court If the de
cision is affirmed by Judge Smith. It
is quite possible that the highest tri
bunal in the land may yet be called
upon to decide the matter, since the
Syrian organization is - prepared to
carry the case up-.immediately after
the filing of the second opinion- by
Having obtained the prevailing in
correct understandirig of the ruling
of Judge Smith on the Dow case Dr.
H. A. El-Kourie, a prominent Syrian
of Birmingham, several weeks ago
paid a visit to Charleston for the ex
press purpose of appearing before
Judge Smith with arguments to re
fute the statement that a Syrian was
not a white man, as he at the time
understood the decision.. He had a
conference with Judge Smith with the
result that -he became convinced that
the decision was not based upon .ra
cial prejudice, but that the point at
issue was geographical instead of
ethnological. He prevailed upon
Judge Smith to order a rehearing of
the entire case and the date original
ly selected for this was April 6, but
for reasons it was postponed until
recently. After discussion it was de
cided that a formal reargument of
the case was unnecessary and the
matter will rest until Judge Smith
fles a second opinion.
The nature of this second opinion
is a matter of country-wide Interest,
not only to Syrians of the United
States, but to lawyers and judges as
a whole. In case his first decision Is
reaffirmed by Judge Smith the case
will be carried to the United States
Court and Syrian organizations, news
papers and individuals will make a
strenuous fight to have Judge Smith
Charged With Serious Crime.
An unknown negro from Wahse
township in Marida county was jailed
Saturday morning on the charge of
criminal assault upon a girl
Auto Accident Injures Two.
Dr. Floyd Rogers and his wife of
Anderson were seriously injured Sat
urday when their auto turned Qyer