Newspaper Page Text
THEY ME- PAfLE1
GOV. BLEASE TURNS MORE CON
VICTS ON THE PEOPLE.
TWELVE SLAYERS FREE
Among Released Are One Guilty of
Criminal Assault, Two of Arson,
Five of Larceny--One of Burglary,
One of Highway Robbery, Several
for Violating Dispensary Law.
According to papers filed with the
secretary of state Monday the gov
ernor has granted fifteen paroles to
prisoners serving terms in the State
penitentiary and the county chain
gangs. Eight manslayers are includ
ed in the list of those released. The
paroles were issued to the following
Willis Perry, convicted in Green
wood in 1906 of carbreaking and lar
cency and sentenced to two years in
Arthur Byrd, convicted in Newber
ry in 1908, of manslaughter and sen
tenced to ten years.
Bud Ligon convicted in- Oconee in
1913 of murder and sentenced to life
in the penitetinary.
Gilder P. Varn convicted in Char
leston in 1904 of grand larceny and
sentenced to six months on the chain
Ely Freeman, convicted in Green
ville county in 1913 of ars5n and sen
tenced to ten years in the peniten
Amanda Truesdale convicted in
Kershaw in 1914 of larceny and sen
tenced to six months on the chain
Bud Simmons, convicted in Saluda
of manslaughter and sentenced to
Majoe Smith, convicted in Abbe
ville in 1909 of murder and sentenced
to life. On February 20 the governor
rednced his sentence to twenty years
on condition that he serve on the
county gang. Noy he is parolled.
Frank Williams, convicted in Hor
ry in 1913 of manslaughter and sen
tenced to two years.
William Gantt, convicted in Edge
feld in 1896 of murder and sentenc
ed to life Imprisonment.
Stephen Turner, convicted In Ma
rion in 1912, of manslaughter and
sentenced to ten years in the peniten
Ambrose Scruggs, convicted In
Cherokee in 1912 of manslaughter
and sentenced to five years.
J. W. Sykes, convicted in Cherokee
of practicing dentistry without a 11
cense and sentenced to pay a fine of
$100 or serve thirty days on the
James Bull, convicted in Darling
ton in 1906 of criminal assault and
sentenced to the penitentiary for ten
years. On February 17 the governor
reduced his sentence to nine years
and eleven months on the condition
that he serve'a time on the courity
chain gang. Now he Is paroled.
Herbert Tarrant, convicted in
Greenville in 1913 of arson and sen
tenced to 12 years in the peniten
On Thursday of last week the Gov
ernor paroled fourteen others. Three
1rere sent up for manslaughter and
one for murder. They were:
James Jeter, convicted in Chero
kee in 1901, of murder and sentenced
to life. Early thIs year his term was
commuted to twenty years.
John Lawrence, convicted in Pick
ens in 1912 for assault and battery
with intent to kill and carrying con
cealed weapons and sentenced to
Otis James, convicted In Richland
in 1909 of larceny and sentenced to
E. L. -Pound, convicted In Lexing
ton in 1913 of obtaining goods under
false pretenses and sentenced to three
months or a fine of $450.
John Lindsay, convicted in New
berry in 1913 of violating the dispen
sary law and sentenced to six months.
Will Guyton, convicted In Ander
son in 1908, of burglary and sentenc
ed to 12 years.
Cato Williams, convicted in Marion
in 1908 of highway ro~bbery and sen
tenced to nine years.
Dennie Wilkes, convicted in York
In 1913, of violating the dispensary
law and sentenced to a fine of $400 or
serve 12 months.
John Smith, convicted in York In
1913, of housebreaking and larceny
and sentenced to one year.
George Epps, convicted in Union
in 1912 of manslaughter and sen
tenced to four years.
J1. C. Judson, convicted in Wil
liamsburg in 1912 of assault and bat
tery of a high and aggravated nature
and carrying concealed weapons and
sentenced to five years.
John Walker, convicted In York
in 191fi, of manslaughter and sen
tenced to two years.
Marmon Mansell, convicted In
Pickens In 1913, of assault and bat
tery of a high and aggravated nature
and carrying concealed weapons and
sentenced to two years.
J. H. Haynes, convicted in Oconee
in 1913 of violating the dispensary
*law and sentenced to a fine of $100
or serve six months. Paroled on con
dition that a fine of $25 be paid.
Tom Posttoon, convitced in Wil
liamsburg of manslaughter in Feb
ruary of this year and sentenced to
Men Overpower Watchman.
Three men who entered the depart
ment store of Timothy Smith & Co.
In Roxbury, Mass., Sunday night, ov
erpowered the watchman and blew
open the safe, escaped with several
thousand dollars. The burglary was
not discovered until early Monday
when the watchman was found.
Killed Her for Visiting.
Because his wife, a bride of seven
months, persisted in visiting her
parents, Alfonzo Zuniga, of San An
tonio. Texas, Saturday killed her;
wounded his mother-in-law and then
probably fatally shot himself.
Drop Dead at Seeing Fight.
P'atrick Eagleton, 70 years old,
and Mrs. Dennis Arseneault. 60 years
old, of Spencer, Mass., dropped dead
from fright in the street late Friday
ALABAMA SENDS HDI TO SENATE
BY BIG MAJORITY.
Richmond P. Hobson is Snowed Un
der-Democratic House Leader
Will Wear Senate Toga.
Oscar W. Underwood, for nearly
twenty years representative of the
ninth Alabama district in the lower
house of congress, swept the state in
his battle with Congressman Rich
mond Pearson Hobson for the nomi
nation for United States senator, ac
cording to Tuesday night's returns
from Monday's Democratic primaries.
Mr. Hobson conceded the victory to
his rival candidate before noon Tues
day, although returns still 'were in
Mr. Underwood's nomination ter
minated one of the most spectacular
political contests in the history of the
state. With the exception of a whirl
wind speaking tour during the Christ
mas holidays, the successful candi
date's campaign was conducted by
his friends. One of the chief claims
for recognition for their candidate
advanced by Mr. Underwood's friends
was the charge that Representative
Hobson was neglecting his duties as
a congressgiqi' eto conduct the cam
Mr. Hobson entered the senatorial
race nearly two years ago. He visit
ed every county and town In the
state. In stump speeches he charged
his opponent with having been in
fluenced by the liquor Interests. He
also charged that corporation in
fluence was behind the campaign of
Mr. Underwood for the presidential
nomination in 1914. All of the
charges were denied by Mr. Under
The activities of the distinguished
candidates attracted nation-wide in
terest in the outcome of the prima
ries, when Mr. Hobson sent the fol
lowing telegrom to Mr. Underwood:
"Accept my congratulations upon
your nomination. As the Democratic
nominee you can count on my sup
port In the election.
"Richmond P. Hobson."
THE CIGARETTE SMOKER
How They Are Rendered Unflit for
Business. Mind Becomes Dull.
All narcotic poisons tend to be
numb the nervous system, weaken the
mental power and corrupt the moral
The boy who begins to smoke cig
arettes before the age of twelve will
doubtless become a degenerate, and
the first symptom of his degeneracy
will be to lie about his being addict
ed to the habit.
Many a fond mother has -been fool
ed by the heartless lies of her fiend
ish cigarette offspring, too far gone
in depravity to care a rap whether
he has any mother.
If such boys live to get out of their
teens, they generally manage soon to
get into prison cells.
A large percentage of heartless
criminals are cigarette fiends.
Judge Gemmill, of Chicago, recent
ly stated that of twenty-five thousand
or more criminals, that have passed
before him, many of them had the
tell-tale yellow stains on their fin
Go to the cell of the neyly arrested
murderer, and you will see the cigar
ette in his teeth or hear him calling
Cigarettes harden the heart for ter
rible deeds, and unfit. the mind for
any useful service.
".~Smoking cigarettes." says an Im
ploring mother;' "has made a wreck
of my son, once .bright and full of
brains and ambition. Now he can't
think; he can't hold a subject in his
mind. - He was a stenagrapher, but
now he is nothing."
Japan and China have prohibited
cigarettes and opium, but we Ameri
cans who think ourselves superior to
the yellow races are allowing our
youth to practice a habit which will
utterly ruin the nation in one geziera
tion unless checked and suppressed.
SPEAKS FOR BRYAN.
Johnson Says Commoner Has Passed
Through Criticism Unscathed.
The uniforms of state department
footmen, their compensation, the
Panama tolls fight, Secretary Bryan's
salary and his chautauqua lectures,
and half a dozen other subjects, oc
cupied the house Saturday during
consideration of legislative, executive
and judicial appropriation bills.
Estimates Included provision for a
coach and footmen for the Bryan car
riage, which provokes comment. Rep
resentative Johnson of South Caro
lina, In charge of the bill, read from
the Bible the story of the fiery fur
nace and declared Secretary Bryan
had come through a furnace of
"criticism, sarcasm and ridicule with
his hair unsinged and his .body un
SHOT THIROU7GH WINDOW.
Two Negroes of Grier Engage in Fatal
After Homer Arnold's wife had
locked him up in his home at Grier
Monday to prevent his killing Gofer
Paden, whom he had been chasing
about the house with a pistol, Paden
stepped around to the windlow of the
window of the room in which Arnold
was locked and fired two shots at
him through the window pane. both
taking effect and resulting in the
death of Arnold several hours later.
Girder Hits Five Men.
A 20-ton steel girder broke loose
from a derrick and crushed three
floors of the frame work of a build
ing on lower Broadway Saturday,
carrying six workmen with it. Five
of them were in jured fatally.
Three Killed in Wreck.
Three persons were killed and
thirty-five injured at Attica, Ind.,
Sunday when a passenger train fell
into the Wabash river. The trestle
Bring Out Heavy Vote.
Alabama Democrats yesterday cast
ballots and ended long fight between
CMINKSCALES GIVES OUT ?LAT
FORM OF HIS CANDIDACY.
FOR LAW AND EDUCATION
Wofford Professor Outlines His Views
on the Importance of People Unit
ing for the Sake of Progress
Doesn't Want the Office at Cost of
Personal Bitterness and Hate.
Dr. John G Clinkscales, professor
of mathematics at Wofford college,
Spartaniburg, candidate for governor
in the Democratic primary the com
ing summer, has given out the fol
lowing platform in a statement to
When any man presumes to offer
himself for any office in the gift of
the people he is expected to hve rea
sons therefor and it is his duty frank
ly and sanely to state them. The
people he would serve have a right to
know even beforehand what he thinks
about vital matters of common good.
It has, therefore, become a custom
for candidates for public office to an
nounce a "platform" in which they
are supposed to lay down the princi
ples and policies they expect to advo
With such an announcement I now
come before the people of my native
State, whose history and traditions
are dear to me, and whose future
progress along right lines is of deep
patriotic concern to us all. I do not
like to describe what I have to say as
"my" platform, preferring "our" plat
form in the thought that it expresses
the sentiments, the views, the hopes,
the aspirations of thousands of right
thinking people in this great com
monwealth, regardless of whether
they shall vote for me or not.
Measures Not Men.
1. I believe the time has come for
us to have in our political life less of
abuse of persons and more of a sane
discussion of policies and principles.
We can not think clearly for the com
mon good if we have in mind the de
feating of men rather than the pro
moting of measures. Certainly for
me no office is big enough to cause
me to want it at the cost of personal
,bitterness and hate. If the campaign
closes with my opponents not more
friendly to me than when it began I
shall be greatly disappointed.
2. I believe the time has also come
when we should think of ourselves as
one people with common interests
and hopes, and that whatever conten
tions may have divided us in the past,
we are at bottom united by too much
that belongs to us all not to see that
whoever would disrupt us into warr
ing factions, poison our sentiments
towards one another with suspician
and disti-ist, and keep stirring the
unwholesome ferment of bitter class
prejudices is an enemy to our peace,
our prosperity, and, our largest pro
gress. I repeat, therefore, we are
one people, and we must do our
thinking in terms of the largest good
to all the people of the common
wealth without regard to class con
ditions or previous alliance of any
sort. And even should I fail of elec
tion, I shall count the service render
ed worth any cost if in my campaign
I shall sow the seeds that shall fruit
in a greater harmony of feeling and
purpose than we have recently known
in South Carolina.
Harmony and Unity.
3 In this spirit, the spirit of har
mony and unity, the time has come
for a study of conditions in South
Carolina as they really are with a
view of applying the administrative
and legislative powers of the State to
the great end of promoting the mate
rial welfare and progress of all the
people. We are engaged in varied
tasks .and labors, the tasks and la
bors by which we get a living and
hope to get a little more than a liv
ing. Our problems are thus largely
economic and industrial in character.
They grow out of what we do in shop
and store and office and on the farm,
and concern the happiness and pro
g-ess of our entire citizenship. The
world about us, other states, is on the
big job of developing its natural re
sources In the fullest and most profit
able manner. Are we on this job in
South Carolina? It seems to me that
our duty has at last come when real
izing our common needs and gather
ing all the knowledge we can of what
others have successfully accomplish
ed, we should set our political ma
chinery to work, in the most scienti
fic way, to advance every Industrial
Interest. In saying this, I have In
mind no special interest or pet
scheme, but rather I am possessed
with the conviction that we have
reached a point In our history when
we should begin in the spirit of per
fet fairness to apply the most mod
ern methods to conditions as they are
-.for example, to the great question
of equitable taxation, to the efficient,
economical administration of the
functions of government, and to the
betterment of both rural and urban
life as far as this Is a matter of legis
lation. To these ends I solemnly
pledge what influence I have.
Must Look Ahead.
4. But while the time has come
for the beginning of a thoroughly
scientific effort to bring out legisla
tive and administrative machinery up
to their full standard of efficiency,
and to develop our material resources
for the good of all the people, we
must remember that in the nature of
things it is only a beginning we are
making and a preparation for future
realization. The achievement of the
great ends we have In view depends
absolutely on what we do with and
for the human material in the State.
This leads me to the subject that has
been with me a lifelong passion-uni
versal education. Democracy means,
of course, the right to vote and equal
ity before the law. But there is a
conception of it that goes deeper than
this, and that is. equality ot oppor
tunity, the giving of every child the
same chance to realize his host self,
to conquer his surroundings intelli
gently and therefore fruitfully, and
to serve co-operatively the collective
interests of his community and State.
Frm my standpoiat, the child as a
future member of society can only
attain these great ends by being ex
posed to the creative and, developing
AMERICA COMPLAINS I
DELINEATIONS MADE TO OAR
RANZA FOR SPAIN.
Villa's Recent Order of Deportation
Issued Against All Spaniards of
Torreon Causes Diplomatic Action.
Vigorous representation went from
the American government Tuesday to i
Gen. Carranza, the Constitutionalist
chief, urging him to modify the or- i
der of Gen. Villa expelling Spaniards
from Torreon. The situation is giv- 1
ing grave concern to authorities at
Washington. The United States had
undertaken to extend to Spaniards in 1
Mexico the same protection it affords
Americans resident there, and Am
bassador Riano has been assured that
nothing ,ill be left undone to assure 1
for the unfortunates at Torreon every
right to whiih they are entitled under
international law and usage.
Spain proposes to exhaust every
resource to protect her people, it was
made plain Tuesday, when Rear Ad
miral Mayor, at Tampico, called the
navy department that the command
ing officer of the British cruiser Her
moine had been instructed to care
for Spaniards at that port.
The State department, as well as
the Spanish embassy at Washington,
is embarrassed in dealing with the
Torreon situation by a lack of exact
information as to the extent of the
expulsion decree and how far it has
been executed. It is understood Vil
la, in a public speech, told the Span
iards of Torreon they were to be de
ported en masse; that a commission
would be appointed to examine i'nto
each individual case and that such
of them as could establish the fact
that they have rendered no aid to
Huerta would be permitted to return
The gravity of the problem has
been increased by unofficial, but cred
ible information, that this policy of
expulsion of the Spaniards is to be of
general application; that as rapidly
as the Constitutionalists extend their
control they intend to drive out the
Spaniards and seize their property.
Foreseeing the gravest internation
al complications if the Constitutional
ists should undertake to apply this
doctrine of wholesale expulsion of
aliens 'o other than Spaniards, the
state department is expected to lay
this subject before Gen. Carranta so
plainly that he will exercise his full
power to prevent further interfer
ence with all foreigners.
to this opportunity is, in my view,
the most fundamental right in a de
mocracy. For we get nowhere wise
ly in anything except through a train
ed and enlightened citizenship. The
costliest liability of this common
wealth is ignorance. All our progress
waits upon what we do to banish it
forever from us. The reform of our
laws, the improvement in the efficien
cy of our legislative and administra
tive machinery, the proper regulation
of our industrial Interests, the devel
opment of our material resources, the
all round welfare of the people--all
linger and halt till we have trained
our citizenship to know what ought
to be done and how to do it. And
this is the task of the school, the col
lege, the university. I, therefore,
have fixed in my mind the vision of a
vast army of children in a school sys
tem administered liberally and effi
cently, an ever increasing body of
young men and young women in our
colleges and school and college con
sciously moved by the high ideal of
service in the upbuilding of the
State. The common schools, the high
schools, the university, Clemson, the
Citadel, Winthrop, shall receive my
most cordial support, and I shall ask
every denominational and private in
stitution to join in friendly co-opera
tion in hedptng a great common
wealth realize its best life, social,
moral, political and industrial, by
Iproperly training all the youth of the
State. This is our biggest job and
all else is but a baffling dream till we
have done this.
Observe the Law.
5. In the last place, I believe it is
time for us to come to a realization
of the use and meaning of the law.
Nothing we have is safe--life, liberty,
property-unless it be protected by
the law. A lawless people with jus
tive perverted or laxly administered
are a people who are relasping into
barbaric conditions. But, however
easy and frequent seems the violation
of law in this State, we simply must
not remain' a lawless people. What
we need is to be called back to our
best selvjes and to be reminded that
to persist in our dangerous habit of
lawlessness is to forget what is fine
in our history and traditions and to
be faithless to a noble future whose*
guardians we are. If I am elected to
the position of chief executive of the
State, I pledge myself to try the tonic
effect of enforcing the laws without
regard to section or class. I believe
the results of such a course will be a
stuffening of our moral fibre and a
cleansing of the moral atmosphere to
such a degree as to make South Caro
lina a better place to live in
and South Carolinians proud of
their citizenship. We dare not go on
as we are, and if I should imagine for
a moment that as governor I should
have to make a truce with lawless
ness of any sort, I should continue
teaching boys in the hope that they
one day would be able to accomplish
the reforms impossible to this gen
J. G. Clinkscales.
Escape From Jail.
After forcing their jailor into their
cell with a pistol two youths held for
burglary Monday escaped from the
Tulsa, Okla.. county jail. A waiting
automobile whisked them to safety.
JKilled Trying to Lscape.
Three convicts were shot and kill-1
ed and two others injured probably
fatally in an attempted break from
the incorrigible ward of a Sacra
mento prison Saturday.
Departmient Ste~re Robb)~t
Three men entered a dr-. . tment
store of Doston Sunday rni;;ht, bound -
and gagged two watchmen and rob
bed the sai'e of $2.riOO.
Fired in Three Places.
A pyromaniac fired a building in
Augusta Tuesday in three places, and
failing to. burn it. later fired it the
ENSION CHECKS READY
IOUNTS FORWARDED TO THE
the Comptroller-General Distributes
Money to Counties-Loss of Pen
sioners During Year Was 283.
The State pension report was an
tounced Monday' from the office of
he comptroller-general. The total
'und t~o be paid this year for State
>ensions is $256,488. The total num
>er of pensioners is 8,780. The roll
n 1913 was 9,102. During the past
-ear 849 pensioners died. During
he year there were 566 pensioners
Ldded to the rolls. The applications
or pensions were considered at a re
ent meeting of the State pension
Following amounts will be sent to
'ach county in the State:
bbeville ... ... ... ...$ 4,392
kiken ... ... ... ... ... 9,912
nderson ... ... ... ... 15,384
3amberg ... ... ... ... 2,688
3arnwell ... ... ... ... 4,320
3eaufort ... ... ....... 720
3arkeley .. ........... 3,096
lalhoun ... ... ... ... 984
,harleston ............ 7,584
herokee ............ 6,624
hester ... ... ... ... .. 4,248
lhesterfield .. ... ... ... 6,360
.larendon ... ... ... ... 3,936.
"olleton ... ... ... ... 9,024
Darlington ... ... ... ... 5,376
Dillon ... ... ... ... ... 3,408
Dorchester ... ... ... ... 3,600
Fairfield ... ... ... ... 3,504
Florence ... .. ........ 6,504
aeorgetown .. ... ... ... 2,136
areenville ... ... ... ... 14,712
areenwood ... ... ... ... 3,984
Efampton ... ... ... ... 3,600
[lorry ... ... ... ... ... . 6,744
asper ... ... ... ... ... 1,320
Kershaw ... ... ... ... 4,392
Lancaster ... ... ... ... 6,976
Laurens ... ... ... ... 8,280
Lee ... ... ... ... ... 2,352
Lexington ... ... ... ... 7,632
Marion ... ... ... ... ... 4,056
Marlboro ... ... ... ... 3,288
ewberry ............ 4,560
Oconee ... ... ... ..~. ... 7,464
rangebur. .. ... ... ... 6,216
Pickens ... ... ... ... 6,744
Richland ... ... ... ... 11,976
Saluda ... ... ...... ... 3,786
Sumter ... ... ... ... ... 4,488
Union ... ... ... ... ... 6,624
Williamsburg ... ... .. . 4,440
York ... ... ... ... ... 8,040
Total .. ... ... ... ... . $256,488
FIGHT HOG CHOLERA.
Annual Drain on Animal Industry a
Experts of the department of agri
culture estimate that the annual loss
from hog cholera In the United
States Is $75,000,000. They regard
the eradication as one of the most
serious problems that faces the bu
reau of animal industry, for the loss
caused by it approximately as great
as that from all other animal diseases
The loss from hogs killed outright
by cholera in 1912 was estimated at
$60,000,000. The loss to the hog in
dustry Indirectly resulting from the
disease was about $15,000,00~0 more.
rhe cholera is most common In the
corn states of the West and South.
The two other chief animal diseases
are cattle tuberculosis and Texas
Statistics .upon the annual losses
from these two diseases never have
been gathered by the department or
Rgriculture. Texas fever and cattle
tuberculosis do not cause anything
like the number of deaths as does
Dholera, but the loss to the cattle in
dustry through Illness, Interference
with reproduction and making cattle
unfit for marketing is heavy. The
osses run Into many millions of dol
lars a year.
Secretary of the Navy Will Not Allow
Any Wines in U. S. Navy.
Absolute prohibition will prevail
In the United States navy after July
1 next. Secretary Daniels Sunday
night made public a sweeping order,
whh not only will abolish the tradi
tional "wine mess" of the officers, but
will bar all alcoholic liquors from
every ship and shore station of the
navy. This order, constituting one
of the most notable victories ever
won by phoribition forces, was issued
at the recommendation of Surgeon
General Braisted. It was brief and
o the point:
"The use or Introduction for drink
ing purposes of alcoholic liquors on
board any naval vessel, or within
any navy yard or station, Is strictly
prohibited, and commanding officers
will be held directly responsible for
the enforcement of this order."
NINE WORKM1EN KILL2E1).
Fatal Explosion in Caisson of Bridge
A dispatch from Memphis, Tenn.,
says between four and eleven work
nen were killed and as many injured
n an explosion of gas Monday in
aisson No. 5 of the new J. T. Hara
lan bridge being constructed across
le Mississippi river there. The dead
tnd injured are being removed slowly
'rom the caisson because of the gases.
Tihe explosion is said to have oc
'urred when the tube~ was driven into
ipocket of gas ne:1r the Arkansas
hore. Tile men work in the caisson
n shifts of eighteen or twenty and
t is saidl a change of shifts had just
een concluded. The decad and injur
d are being placed on boadls to be
arried to Memphis.
Limits Man's Liquor Supply.
According to a law enacted by the
egislature of Mississippi, one gallon
f whiskey and one case of beer is
he maximum quantity of intoxicants
hat one person can le'gally order each
Car Falls and Kills Woman.
A woman was killed and two men
~erously injured when their auto
werved off a bridge at Wlnfleld, L.
ilEN. HH PRAISE
CARIRANZA SPEARS HIGH OF WIL
SON AND BRYAN.
HELI IN HI ESTEEM
Constitutionalist Leader in Carefully
Worded Paper Explains the Atti
tude of His Party Towards Ameri
can Statesnin and Their Adopted
A carefully worded communication
from Gen. Carranza dealing with the
rebel foreign policy was made public
Monday by Dr. Henry Allen Tupper
of the International Peace Forum at
El Paso, Texas. Doctor Tupper inter
viewed Gen. Carranza at the request
of Senator Morris Sheppard of Texas.
The letter says in part:
"I possess a deep admiration for
the American people and hold In
great personal esteem President
Woodrow Wilson and Secretary of
State William J. Bryan. I know they
are men of the very highest mental
Ity as well as moral and political
aims and for that reason I think that
their friendship toward me, and the
sympathy evinced for the principles
of the M1exican Constitutionalists, are
not only sincere but entirely disinter
ested, and a-,) the result of the exist
ing harmony between the aims of the
cause which I have the honor to rep
resent and the ideals of the Ameri
"As long as I am at the head of the
Constitutionalist army, or in any oth
er office my policy will be to strive in
such way as to have our international
obligations with foreign governments
become more and more cordial, and
especially with such countries as have
their destiny linked with the politi
cal economic and personal interests
"I sincerely regret that incidents
of an international character should
have given rise to an interpretation
not entirely. in accord with my real
attitude as the chief of the Constitd'
tionalists. I have striven to place
myself in the legitimate light deserv
ed by the high aims of our party,
without overlooking the cordial sug
estions which were offered me with
in the attitude just expressed, neith
er evading responsibility nor Ignor
ing diplomatic customs and usage.
"In surpuance of this attitude all
representations and matters called to
our attention by the United States in
an unofficial way have, in the past,
received our.prompt attention and I
assure you that hereafter the same
attention will be given to all repre
sentations and matters presented to
us through the United States In be
half of other nations, In conformity
with international diplomatic usage
and custom notwithstanding the fact
that we always have deemed it prefer
able to avoid responsibility being
thrust upon the United States by oth
er powers as a result of its attitude
toward the political conditions now
existing in the republic of Mexico.
"I can conceive no better evidence
of the spirit of cordiality and friend
ship which we bear towards the Unit
ed States than our willingness to re
relve unofficial representations and
claims made by the United States
government in regard to all matters
concerning its citizens within the re
public of Mexico. I must, however,
call your attention to the fact that
we could not, without sacrificing our
hard-fought for prestige, consider
representations made through the
good offices of the United States In
behalf of foreigners, unless we be
previously informed that such media
tion has been requested of the United
States by the Interested nation."
QUIET IN RACE.
Senaor Smith Has Nothing to Say
United States Senator E. D. Smith
did not disc uss his race for re-election
while in Columbia Monday en route
to Washington from the Pee Dee sec
tion of the State, where he has been
speaking. The junior senator was in
conference with several of his politi
cal lieutenants while in the city and
appeared confident. He gave out no
statement relative to the candidacy of
his opponent, Gov. Blease. Senator
tiith's friends are encouraged over
the good news he has been receiving
on his present trip through the Pee
Dee, they say. They state thy are
confident that he will defeat Gov.
Blease by a good majority. The sen
ator himself, however, while smiling
ly confident, will not discuss hig op
ponet's chances, but is leaving that
until the joint debate this summer.
Senator Smith's cotton bill is well
on its way to passage through con
gress and the Immigration commit
tee, of which he is chairman, has that
bill before the Senate. On both meas
ures the junior senator has put in
hard work and is anxious to get them
HOMICIDE NEAR LEXINGTON.
School Closing Exercise Results in
Fatal Duel Between Men.
Levi Rish, a farmer and trustee of
the district school, 20 miles from
Lexington, known as Smith's branch
school house, was killed in a gun
ight betw'een himself and James
Clark and Elliott Cant on Saturday
niht. Th~e three cornered duel fol
loed a quarrel which was supposed
to have arisen at a school celebra
ton. Rish and the other men met
later anti shots were fired. Rish fel!
w;ith seveoral bullet wounds in his
body and expired immediately.
D louble Killing.
Iecause his sweetheart, a house
keeperp qurreledl with himt, George
eFauve of Peabody, Mass., Satur
da shot her and her employer.
To 'tudly Hog Cholera.
James J. Hill has pledged $50.00)
to the Rockefeller Institute for Med
ical Research of New York for the
investigation~ of hogr cholera.
IKilled by. Fl~l Fromz Cab.
Frank McQuirk of Mt. Vernon, N.
Y., fell from a cab at Jacksonville,
Pla., Sunday and falyv fracture<d his.
ETURN to i
stitute for ROYAL
cream of tartar be
stitutes are made
THE PARDON RECORD
GOVERNOR HAS SHOWN CLEMEN
CY TO OVER A THOUSAND.
Looks Like He Will Carry Out His
Threat to Turn All the Criminals
Out of the Penitentiary.
TLere have been 1,176 convicts
who have received clemency at the
hands of Gov. Cole L. Blease since he
was Inaugurated for the first time on
January 17, 1911. Of this number
about three-fourths were released un
der paroles and the rest were given
full pardons or had their sentences
commuted. These figures were com
piled Saturday morning from records
in the office of R. M. McCown, Secre
tary of State, by a correspondent of
The News and Courier.
With nearly 1,200 to his credit,
Gov. Blease seems to have beaten the
mark he set for himself. At the an
nual conference of governors in Rich
mond, Va., in the fall of 1912 Gov.
Blease, in boasting of his pardon
record, which was over 400, said that
he hoped to make the number 800
by the end of his second term. With
a little less than a year of that sec
ond term gone the governor's par
doning record has reached nearly
There is much speculation being
indulged in as to the effect the par
doning record is going to have on the
governor's race for the United States
Senate. He stated after his re-elec
tion in 1912 that he was proud of his
pardon record and that he considered
the people had endorsed it by relect
ing him over former Chief Justice
Ira B. Jones. Since that time 600
more prisoners have been freed and
there Is every indication that the par
doning record will again be one of
the main issues in the campaign for
the United States Senate this sum
Gov. Blease is apparently carrying
out his declaration that he would de
populate -ie State penitentiary by
August 1. A 'great many prisoners
have been sent back to the county
chain gangs of the counties from
which they were sentenced and others
have been released under paroles and
pardons. There are only 1 86 pris
oners left In the penitentiary, of
whom just 150 are men. There are
in addition sonm; 57 prisoners e
ployed on the State farms, but it is
stated that this is much less than
the number necessary to work the
farms and operations will have to be
SPEAKER LOUDLY HISSED.
Retired Army Major Is Cat-Called
When He Attacked Wilson.
Prais.: and blame for President
Wilson's Mexican policy were min
gled at last week's session of the
American Academy of Political and
Social Science, held at Philadelphia,
ut there was general agreement that
there will be no peace in that country
until the land question is settled. The
concensus was against intervention.
Major Cassius L. Gillette, U. S. A.,
retired, described conditions in Mex
ico, and declared that it was his be
lief that the president would not be
unwilling to become a war hero in
order to get a second term. Loud
and long hisses came from different
parts of the hail at once. He added
that he knew yhat lhe said would
arouse protest, and prophesied that
such a situation would come about.
Congressman S. F. Prouty of Iowa
resented the remarks of Major Gil
lette. "Although I am a Republican
and have fought all my life to de
feat Democrats," he said, "I will up
hold with all my power the president
of my country in his Mexican policy
and in his efforts to avert war." He
also resented, he said, the "dragging
of the president down to the level of
HAS GOO1) RULE.
Wilson Tells Ho0w He Decides Uipon
His Public Servants.
President Wilson recently enun
ciated the principle by which lie
chooses public servants, declaring the
first requisite was a spirit of justice
and fairness. He said lie believed
the best result came from choosing
those who w d consider questions
fairly rather ti:an those who would
decide questions in a certain way.
The president remarked to him that
it seemed that justice was the thing
in the world to obtain and required
rore conrage and conscience than
any other one thing.
Asked to be Jailed for Murder.
Henry Goldsby approached a Dan
ille. Va., policeman Tuesday night,
nd said: "I'm a murderer and want
to be arrested." Hie claims he killed
Georgian named Hart at Douglas,
Gunmxien Rob Gamblers.
Five armed men entered a New
York einb early Thursday morning.
bree up several poker games, grab
b 1 85,000 and f!ed.
Explosion on Torpedo 1Roat.
An explosion on the torped!o boat
Aylwin stationed at Norfolk resu!!ed
hi the death of a firemnn Monday.
Hilled His Stepson.
Van Hemphill of Caffney To"uy
killd his stepson in the Star 1kr:au
sectin o ne rekee county,
he grocer all sub-'
you for Royal Bak
There is no sub
Royal is a pure,
ldng powder, and
rs offered as sub
CARE FOR FORESTS
THIS STATE IS ABOUT TO LOSE
SHOULD BE REliILATED
Large Tracts of Land Are Denuded of
Their Natural Protection Against
Floods by Indiscriminate and Care.
less Cutting of Young and Imma
It will be a question of only a few
years more before the timber prob
lem of South Carolina is serious In
the extreme. Great traces of timber
land have been cut off during the last
ten years and the operations of many
sawmills have made great inroads
into the available supply of timber
in the Palmetto State. There are
several large tracts of timber now on
the market in South Carolina and if
these are cut off, as they a're quite
likely to be within the next two years,
South Carolina's timber interests will
have been considerably lessened.
Some of the largest tracts in the
State have been purchased by north
ern and western capital and the
dressed lumber shipped outside the
State to markets where it would
bring the highest prices. If you keep
In touch with conditions and events
you will note that when forests are
cut down by these lumber operators,
the small trees, which are valueless,
are alsoswept away and the ground
made desolate, so to speak, instead
of cleaning out the larger trees and
leaving the young saplings to grow
and bring later revenue. This is one
of the evils of the "timber hog".
South Carolina has for years re
garded her timber rights with little
regard. These seemed to be enough
in sight and ample timber to take
care of Immediate needs. So, why
worry? The average man paid little
heed or had no concern in the future
cost of timber for construction pur
poses fifteen or twenty years from
now. W~ood sufficient for his nre
place seemed the only issue when
considering the timber question.
But not so the men who have the
interests of State and nation at heart.
The question of forest reserves' has.
become of paramount importance.
The problem of conserving our nat
ural resources is not new. Yet it Is
pounding on the front doors of our
legislative halls for recognition, and
crying out against the shameful
wastes of timber lords and hogs who
recognize no man's rights but their
1own personal gain.
Our pine forests have become do
pleted and by carelessness, many val
uable tracts have been almost de
stroyed by fire. In some parts of the
State where long leaf pine yas plenti
ful five years ago, there is hardly a
hundred trees visible. .Forest fires
over uncared-for tracts of timber
land prove costly. One woman In
eastern North Carolina had a large
tract of long leaf pine for which she*
refused $75,000 and six months later
Ia negro, after he had been discharg
ed. set fire to the forest and it iras.
sold later for $5,000.
This only illustrates the extent of
damage by fire possible, and further,
emphasized the importance of earing
for valuable timber tracts so that ex
Itensive and damaging fires will be
imposible. Py proper trimming here
Iand there and cleaning up or burning
debris the amount of fire risks would
have been reduced to a minimum.
Of course. In thousands of in
stances, land has been cleared of
trees and stumps and converted .into
profitable f arming acreage, whereas it
produced nothing before but a third
grade of lumber. But the point is,
not enough emnphasis5 of Importance
is placed upon the value of restocking
our forests or providing for the fu
ture. In Germany, for instance, a
certain area is replanted with young
trees every year to replace the nat
ural yearly consumption of timber
through regular channels. If a man
desires his son to be a rich man, at
the child's birth ten or twenty acres
of land are planted with bland walnut
and at the age of 21 years the young
man is indeed wealthy. This is a
system of conservation or providing
for the future entirely foreign to the
Our farm journals and agricultural
papers are filled with column after
column devoted to the ubjects of
good seed, more power for the farm
er, county fairs and such subjects,
but not a line do you find as to the
value of timber to any State and the
need of restocking our waste areas
with some good quality of timber.
Prof. Charles A. Keffer says: "The
farmer man or boy. woman or girl,
who knows only the work of the
farm, can not be as happy in his or
her living as the one who knows well
the life surrounding him; wild birds
and fishes ought to be very much a
part of the society of him whose home
is in the country."
Prof. Keffer is right. Every farm
er. and his boys should study trees,
the dfdrent wood, park, branches
nd development. With -nursery.
sock so cheap and the possibilities of
rchards becoming more and more
apparent; there is no reason why pro
table orchards could not be planted.
n te acreage left vacant or desolate
y the woodehoppers.
Columbia leads the leagi;! RIS9
n , v a ment honpe