Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 139
MICATES LARGE FORCE Vill
REINfORCE VERA CRUZ
Past Few Days View Active Prepa
tions to Send More Troops to Vera
Crum-Funston Cables He Cannot
Hold Outposts With Forces He Has
If Attack Is Made.
High tension still marks the Mex
. lean situation both on the military
and diplomatic sides. The war de
partment has been the chief centre
of activity and while no authorita
tive statement was made beyond See
retary Garrison's formal reply that
"no orders for. any national troop
movements have been sent," it be
came known that'the administration
was considering sending additonal
troops to Vera Cruz and probably
would do so.
This step would not be intended
as an agressive measure but as a
precaution. An evidence of the ser
iousness of conditions was contained
In a report Friday that two German.
merchant ships were about to ar
rive at Puerto Mexico with arms and
ammunition for Huerta. It was
realized that this, if true, would pre
sent an incident similar to the arri
-val of the Ypiranga at Vera Cruz,
'which led to the American occupa
tion of Vera Cruz.
- The cabinet meeting brought out
a general discussion of the situation
It was said after the meeting that
there was little doubt as to the send
ing of additional forces, wholly for
precautionary purposes. It also -be
came known that inquiries had been
made of the governors of several
States to ascertain the condition of
the National Guard and how 'soon
they could be prepared for active ser
vice. -This is also a precautionary
measure. Indications are that if the
National Guard is called on, It-would
mot be sent out of the country, but
would be usedeon the Texas border.
The discussion on the question of
reinforcing Gen. Funston at Vera
Cruz has developed a marked differ
enee of opinion in the cabinet. Some
take the view that mediation nego
tiations might be embarrassed by
suech an act; other believe is a neces
stry ,f#cauton. 'General Funstonts
understood to have told the war -de
partment that his lines are vulner
abWe at different points and that .a.
sudden attack along the railroad
would necessitate the withdrawal of
foraes from other points, which
would be left unprotected. . He has
infdrmed the war department that he
will nieed 15,000 to 18.000 to- hold
Vera Cruz and outlying districts.
- Secretary Garrison Friday said no
orders had been Issued for any troop
movements, but it ,became known au
thoritatively that contracts had been
closed for the chartering of several
merchant steamers and that within
a day or two formal orders would be
issued. It was understood th'at with
in two weeks at least nine transports
*will have been secured. Secretary
Garrison declined to discuss the char
tering of the steamers. The only
thing he would say was: "There is
'no contemnplated aggressive move
ment' at. this time."
This is in line with.. the attitude of
other high officials of the administra
tion, who' contend that the sending
of. reinforcements to Gen Funston is
nqt an agressive act, and does not
'violate the arrangement for a sus
pension of hostilities.
The fact that the army officers had
recommended the sending of at least
50,000 to 60,000 men to Vera Cruz
became known generally in official
quarters. A number of officials ad
mitted that the administration was
confronted with the problem of de
ciding whether its military activities
would be limited to protecting the
forces already at Vera Cruz or a suf
flcient number of men would be
.placed in readiness at Vera Cruz for
a flying exped".ition to Mexico City in
case the Huerta regime collapsed rtnd
irresponsible bands threatened the
lives of Americans and other foreign
ers in the capital.
Pheparations for dispatching rein
forcements to General Funston at
Vera Cruz, should such a movement
become necessary, went forward very
steadily Saturday, work on 12 trans
ports to carry troops, horses and sup
plies being pushed, .but no warlike
development occurred. The militarY
apparently is being held back ir
leash to avoid embarrassing the me
A threatening cloud "isoppeare~
from the diplomatic horizon when
the German steamer Kronprinzessin'
Ceeellie, reported to be carrying arms
and ammunition for Huerta, return
ed to Vera Cruz, with discharginlb het
war stores at Puerto, Mexico. an .1 i
was announced that the murnition
on this and a second German steam
*r, the Vavaria, would be re-turnec
to Germany. The posshl:y eithel
of a seizure or blockade of Puerto
Mexico, or of an act, perhaps inter
pretable as a violation ..f t hie uilitar:
itans'quo, in favor cf Hfuerta, the~re
by was eliminated.
The War Department onl Saturda:
completed its preparations for arm:
movements, including the reinforce
ment of eGn. Funston at Vera Cruz
should necessity arise. Twelve trans
ports were arranged for and mel
were working night and day to con
vert the chartered merchantment tF
accommnodate soldiers.. horses. gun
and supplies. Orders to the Fourtl
and Sixth Brigades at ~ Texas . Cit y
the remainder of the Second divisior
to be ready to reinforce Gen. Fun!
ton at any moment, were given. bu
Secretary Garrison said that no or
dets had been Issued for their di!
pit. 1(e declared no0 an'Cesiv
FUNERAL SHIP MONTANA
ARRIVES IN NEW YORK WITI
Complete List of Those Kileld in
Fighting Around Vera Cruz-Land.
ed in New York.
Following is a complete list of the
sailors and marines killed at Vera
Crag' whose bodies were brought to
NeW York Monda'y by the funeral
Louis Frank Boswell of Coulters
ville, Ill.; Chief gunner's mate attach
ed to the Michigan; born at St. Louis,
Mo.; age, 33 years.
Bariel A. DeFabbio of Batavia, N.
Y.; gunner's mate, third class, at
tached to New Jedrsey; -age . -
Francis P. DeLowry of tsburg,
Pa.; seaman attached to NeLHamp
shire; 'age, 21.
Frank Devorick of Albia, Iowa; or
dinary seaman; attached to South
Carolina; age, 18.
Elzie C. F!sher of Hays. Miss.; or
dinary seaman; attached to New
Hampshire; age, 19.
. Lbuis Oscar Fried of Gretna, La.;
ordinary seaman; attached to Arkan
sas; age, 19.
E. H. Frohlichstein of Mobile, Ala.;
ordinary seaman; attached New
Hampshire; ,born Mobile; Ala.;. age,
Dennis J. Lane of New York City;
season; attached to New Hampshire;
born in Ireland; age, 19.
George Poinsett of Philadelphia,
Pa.; seaman; attached .t. ]Floriida;
age, 20. X
- John F. Shumacher of Brooklyn,
N.. Y.;. coxswain; attached to the
Florida; age, 24.
Charles Allen Smith of Philadel
phia, Pa.; ordinary seaman; attached
to the New Jersey; age, 20.
Eric.Albin Sie'm of irobklyn, N
Y.; ordinary seaman; attached to the
New Jersey; age,19.
Walter L. Watson of Boston,
ss-.;:ordinary seaman; attached to
the Arkansas; born Boston, Mass.;
United Stades larinCorp.
- Daarel.-AlOys6s' Ifaggerty of Bos
ton, M1ss.; pivate Eighth'Compahy,
Second Advance Base Regiment. -.
Samuel.Marten of Chicago, Ill., pri
v'ate, Sixteenth- Company; Second A.
Edward Rufus Percy of Concord,
N. H., Eighth company Second Ad
vance Base Regiment.
Jtand 1ph Sumni.eglin.pf Wiliaco.o
cliee , ., pyate -attaihed t
CHANGES OPINION. -
Carranzi. Sends Note to the United
Secretary 'Bryan Saturday -made
public a'long formal. communication
from* Raphael- Zubran, minister. of
foreign a~ffairs in the Carranza cabi
net, a behalf of General Carranza,
declarng the friendly attitude of. the
constitutinalists towards the .United
States. The document reversed the
position announced~ by -Carranza, im
mediately sfter the occupationi of
Vera Cruz, -thathe resented .the occu
Hie .regards the American move
ments' now as directed against 'Huer
ta arrd not' against the lexican peo
ple . who, he says,, are .on friendly
terms with the United States. .The
dcument as significant as beitig the.
first official communication announc
ed by the state. department as having.
h~n received direct from .any official.
of .the Carranza government. Hlith
ero Carranza has address'ed his comn
municatiOil to the American= govern
ment through the American consuls
MiAY SEND 50,000 M1EN. -
Troops Expected to Be Sent to 3Mex
ico at Any Time.
The conversion of chartered steam
ships ihnto army transports' and sup
ply carriers moved rapidly -at -the
army pier at, Calveston Saturday. In
formation isethat 5.,00 troops may
e sent to Mexico at any time. Army
officers expect l6 ~rnake a time record
in converting 'the'freig'ht ~sliip Color
ad') into . a. Aoati-ng stah,1e to, carry
hors s.- ,..
The newly chartered steamship
Denver waa unloading freight Sat
urday, but willtbe turned over -to- the
government Sup.4ay. -The ..supply
arrier Saltilla is expected to sail
Sunday night for Vera Criz 'with per
manent canaip supplies. -
Minister .. COxnumits. Suicide. .
Because President Hluerta refused
to accept his resignation Querido
Moheno, minister of -Comitierceand
Industry Is reported to have com
mitted suicide. in the Mexican capi
tal Friday. The news was received
by a Spanish newspaper at Vera Cruz,
but has not yet been officially con
Federals Are Reinforced.
The Federals at Tampico were re
inforced Tuesday by fifteen hundred
well equipped saldiers. Admira'
-Badger wired the navy departmentl
that firing'In the streets of the towi
-continued.. Federal troops have ob
tained some big guns.
Rain Spoils Veterans Rennion.
A heavy rain at .Tacksonlville Fri
day at noon made it probable thai
the annual- parade of the veterani
>would be called off. Many have lef1
for their ho'mes.
,measures were contemplated.
. Sunay fhe preparations were con
- tInued. -There also seems to be som
tdoubt as to the intention of the Kron
.. prinzesineC (ecellie. It has beet
,. latrepat that th lInded -Th4
MUST TAKE ACTION
MC MAHON URGES DEMOCRATIC
PARTY TO GUARD PRIMARY
MUST PROTECT BALLOT
Should Prescribe for Voters in its
Primary Elections the Legal Quali
fications of Suffrage, as Required
in Municipal Primaries in Commis
sion Government Cities.
Our statutory regulation of the pri
mary is directed chiefly against
frauds by the managers of the elec
tions and against bribery by candi
dates and voters. Its general provi
sions against fraudulent and corrupt
violation of the rules of the party
hardly touch the officers who make
up false lists of pei.ons who are to
be allowed to vote in the primary.
How prove that there was fraudulent
or corrupt intent and not mere error
of fact? Here is the fatal weakness
of our present system.
Registration and Tax Receipts.
The best guarantee of honesty in
the preparation of the lists of voters
for the primary is to require that
those who are to vote in the primary
shall prove their qualification to vote
in the general election-show county
registration certificates and tax re
ceipts. These are established meth
'ods of identification that can not
Fraudulent "registration", more
over, can never be as easy as fraud
ulent enrollment upon a club list.
The one is conducted by an official
board-of three for the entire county.
with -conspicuous responsibility and
publicity and strict statutory crim
inal liability. The other is conduct
ed in casual informal manner by a
score or a hundred different individ
uals acting each by himself for one
club, often in a remote and secluded
part of .the county, not under oath
and with little prospect of being
caught up with as to his delinquen
cies. Almost any frauds, even if d!s
covered, cad pass as errors of igno
rance under such circumstances.
Incompetent or Dishonest Club Officer
Tighten up the rules as we may
prescribe a beautiful system of cen
sus taking and card indexing; never
theless, who can fully check up the
wqgl or ..guarantee that partialities
hine not been shown? In the numer
oufdispersed localities of one county
the enrolling officers will be of differ
e'nt-degrees of intelligence and truth
fulness and power of resistence to
temptations to cheat. The rules will
not be observed with approximately
equal fidelity. There can be no sys
tematic watching, as there can be at
the county registration and as there
generally is at the ballot box.
There is little need for any safe
guards in simple rural communities,
where everybody knows everybody.
But careful registering even there
should be cheerfully submitted to,
notwithstanding any inconvenience,
for the sake of the benefits to be de
rived by the protection the system
will afford these rural votes against
being nullified by fraudulent votes
Publicity Prevents Frauds.
The dangers of frauds are in con
gested centres, where no one can
know everybody, and the officer may
e imposen upon by fraudulent appli
cants for enrollment, or many him
self be a party to fraudulent enroll
ing, and yet detection will be diffi
cult, and proof of corrupt motive and
consequent punishment almost im
If frauds are to be prevented or
made rare, the light to publicity must
shine not only at the ballot box but
on every prospective voter for at least
0 days before he votes. No voter
should pass without scrutiny-with
out giving an account of himself
where he is from and how long he
has been there. No such effective
macinery for this scrutiny can be
provided as legal registration and tax
The necessity for listing those who
shall have the right to vote and keep
Ing a record of those who do vote, is
ever-ywhere conceded: and yet stren
uous -objection Is raised to the legal
Jisting-the constitutional "registra
tion"! Why? Because It is strictly
1mde? the protection of law and
means what it. says?
.Safeguards Always Inconvenient.
It is .true that legal registration
may sometimes appear anne'g in
its red tape and that in e:"optional
ases -it may work hardships. But
all. afeguards are inconvenient--the
uarantine regulations, the pure food
inspections, the dog licenses. This is
the d-ay of regulation in the Interest
-o~f the publica---to guarantee the gen
uine article. We should be content
with nothing less in the electorate.
Those that suffer by it are suffering
for their country's good.
The denial of the vote under the
constitution because of insufficient
lngth of residence may seem purely
-rtificial in the case of a desirable
voter. But he should as a patriot be
glad of the rule which thus debars
him when he reflects that for every
nian of his type so deprived of the
ballot more than one fraudulent vote,
imported or peripeteitic, will be pre
vented. The right cause is promot
ed by this kind of "pairing of votes".
There is thus no real merit in mak
ing a "bogaboo" of legal registration.
It is the one thing needful.
Pledges of '95 Fulfilled.
Nor is there merit in the conten
tion that it may result in the dis
franchisement of a large number whc
should vote, and that it might appear
to be a class discrimination, harsh,
unust and emabittering.
The constitutional convention of 18
years ago gave full warning that
-y~ en henminng of are after
SHRINERS IN SESSION
CITY OF ATIANTA TURNED OVER
More Than Thirty Thousand Assem
bled for Annual Conclave-One
Thousand from California.
More than thirty thousand Nobles
of the Mystic Shrine are in Atlanta
for the annual conclave.. . Most' of
them have brought their wives and
families and the city is crowded.
There are prominent men from every
state in the union. The city has been
transformed for the convention. By
permission of the mayor and city
council the local entertainment com
mittee, headed by Potentate Forrest
Adair, of Paarab Temple, has taken
full control for the time of the whole
street lighting system of Atlanta.
White globes with the Shriners'
emblems have been substituted for
the top globes of the electric light
clusters throughout the heart of the
city and there are electric arches and
other decorative effects. The -elab
orate social functions include a grand
ball In the auditorium-armory o4
both evenings of the convention.
There Is to be a barbecue at which
tables will be spread beneath the
trees for the accommodation of from
3,000 to 5,000 persons.
The Piedmont and Ansley hotels
have both been set aside In their en
tirety for the convention and Califor
nia, which has arrived in four beau
tifully appointed trains, a thousand
strong, has engagaed four floors of
the Kimball House and changed the
name for the week to "Hotel Cali
fornia". The Californians are touN
ing the country in the hope of attract
ing the conclave of 1915 to their city,
in which case it will be a feature of
the Panama Pacific exposition.
There are two parades, one Tues
day morning at 9 o'clock forming an
officially escort for the imperial po
tentate and members of the imperial
council from the hotel to the place of
meeting. The second parade is at 8
o'clock Wednesday evening. In this
parade not only members of the pa
trols and bands, .but all the Shriners
as well will take part, wearing full
evening dress with red fezes. The
Tuesday parade will be three or four
miles long. The Wednesday night
parade will be seven or eight miles
long. There will be between sixty
nd seventy-five bands playing at one
time in these pageants.
MAKES WAR PLANS.
Washington Is Preparing for Every
A dispatch from Washington Fri
day announces that plans have been
made by the war department to
throw an expeditionary force of
American troops across the northern
border within ten hours if the emer
gency becomes necessary. There Is
much speculation as to just what
course will be pursued by these In
authority in Mexico and the admin
istration Is preparing for all emer
gencies. Major Gen. Franklin Bell
will Abe in temporary command of
this expeditionary force, which will
consist of nine regiments.
Charley Jones, a negro of Grove
town, Ga., Thursday became crazed
by drink and threatened to clean up
the whites. He was taken from the
officers of the law and shot to death.
two years therefrom must learn to
read and write or depend on acquir
ing $300 worth of property to entitle
them to vote. It was never suggest
ed that pledge, implied or oth
erwise a -Ing made to the rising
gene ti it they might remain
illite - mpunity and neverthe
less .b. ..d the right to vote in
the park, . .imary regardless of the
constitutional requirements. On the
other hand Increased school funds
were provided and additional facili
ties offered to Insure to every whita
boy the chance to learn to read and
write in order that he might vote.
One promise was made and fully
redeemed. Every white voter of the
'0s and of the '70s, and incidentally
every white voter up to the year
1898, was registered as a permanent
voter, and his name recorded on the
"roll of honor" in the office of the
secretary of state. He is assured of
his ballot for the remainder of his
But what good Is the ballot to these
old heroes or to the electorate gen
erally if when they divide on ques
tions and seek to ascertain the ma
jority, to which all will bow, there is
such a lack of system that frauds are
encouraged and the suffrage made a
Commission Government Primaries.
The alleged hardships of registra
tion are largely fictions of the Imag
ination conjured up by ardent cham
pions of the people too often think
ing far more of their votes than of
Is it forgotten that these strict re
quirements now prevail in the muni
cipal primary elections in Columbia
and other commission government
cities and towns? Has there been any
violent revulsion of feeling from this
trial? Are not its asurancas of fair
play more than compensation for its
nconveniences or even distranchise
P s to the tax receipts, all taxes
have to be paid, sooner or later, and
with penalties if unduly delayed.
The requirement of the tax receipt Is
not for the purpose of compelling a
voter to pay his taxes, but is an addi
tional and specially efficacious means
The people should by ~their pro
nounced action put a quietus upon
such fimsy arguments.
John J. McMahan.
ounibmia. Ma.y 4.
SOME PLAIN TALK
C'I~KSCALES SAYS HE WOULD
STOP CHARLESTON RACES.
Candidate Says Charleston Is a Part
of This State and Must Obey the
Laws or be Wiped Off the Map.
In an interview recently Prof.
John G. Clinkscales, a candidate for
governor, declared himself -as greatly
pleased with the action of the Spar
tanburg county Democratic conven
tion Monday. Mr. Clinkscales was
sent as a delegate by his club to the
"What do you think of the action
of the convention touching the pri
mary, Professor?" was asked.
"Fine, very lne," was the quick
reply. "We send to Columbia a dele
gation composed of strong, intellec
tual, honest, representative men.
They go uninstructed as to the pri
mary and I'm sure every man will
vote for such rules and regulations
as will insure an honest election."
S.."What, in your judgment, should
the State convention do to safeguard
"Excuse me, please; I would not
presume to dictate to the convention
just what that body should do, but
that something will be done and the
proper thing, I have no doubt. Things
will certainly be fixed so that only
true-blue Democrats can vote, each
man but once, and Republicans and
Bull Moosers not at all. A self-re
specting Republican or Bull Moose
would not'ask it, of course."
. "What do you think woild be the
result if the convention should fail
- - "If the conveirtion'takes no action
to safeguard the primary, and if in
the August primary we. have corrup
tion,. in my judgmenti it will be the
last primary ever held In South Caro
ifna. Good people will tolerate some
hings a long .time, but coriuption in
elections they wil not stand for."
"Do you object to my publishing
"Why, certainly not; I am for an
onest election or no election.. Sev
eral months agd I .wrote Mr. Mc
Mahan, of Columbia, just where I
stood in reply to several questions he
sent me. He said he had asked the
other candidates the same questions
and proposed to publish their replies.
He never did, however."
"You talk so freely and so plainly
of the necessity to safeguard the pri
mary I am led to ask what, if elected
.governor, you would do with the
"What do you have reference to
piftcularly, the reputed condition ,f
"Yes, the race track gambling and
the bold defiance of the dispensary
law; as you say, general lawless
"Well, I have said more than once
that if I were governor I would be
the governor of all the people. Char
leston is in South Carolina, her citi
zens are South Carolinians, and many
of them numbered among the purest
and best people of the State. If I
were governor of South Carolina I
would change conditions in Charles
ton or exhaust the resorces of the
State in the effort. There is no rea
son why Charleston should be a 'law
unto herself'. The better eleient
of that city do not expect special
privileges and the other element
should not have them. BlindtIger
domination of the city of Charleston
is a stench in the nostrils of decent
Carolinians, her own good citizens
as well. Surely there is in South
Carolina enough brain, enough*
money, and enough courage to teach
the City by the Sea that she must
obey the laws as do other cities or be
wiped off the map."
"Professor, are you not afraid this
plain talk will hurt you in the elec
"Young man, you do -not know me.
I may never. be governor of South
Carolina, but of one thing I'm sure
I shall stand acquitted at the bar of
my own conscience. I would not give
a bauble for .an office that I had to
get by even winking at corruption in
any shape or form. I'd have a con
tempt for myself."
WHITE. HOUSE WEDDING.
President's Youngest Daughter Be
Miss Eleanor Randolph Wilson,
youngest daughter of the president,
and William-Gibbs McAdoo, secretary
of the treasury, were married at the
White House Thursday by the Rev
Doctor Sylvester Beach, of Prince
ton, N. J. The guests were limited
to the Vice-President and Mrs. Mar
shall. the cabinet and the immediate
relatives of the bride and bridegroom.
The ceremony was a contrast to the
elaborate affairs of the two previous
White House brides, Mrs. Nicholas
Logworth and Mrs. Francis Bowes
The bride was charming in her
white satin gown. She was attend
ed by her elder sister, Miss Margaret
Wilson, as maid of honor. Mrs.
Syre was matron of honor, while the
bridesmaids were Miss Nona McAdoo,
daughter of the bridegroom; Miss
Marjorie Brown, Miss Wilson's cou
sin, and Miss Ruth Hall, her churn.
Eleven-year-old Sallie McAdoo was
flower girl. After the ceremony there
was a jovial reception and breakfast.
where "Nell" and "Will" were heart
In spite of the small list of invited
guests the wedding presents were
numerous. Prominent among them
was the .beautiful piece of jewelry
given by the members of the House
of Representatives. From the Diplo
matic corps, no member of which was
invited, came flawers and good wishes
IMrs. McAdoo is the fourteenth White
House bride and one of the youragest.
She is twenty-fog~ yemr old. Her
VILLA 13 NO FOOL
REFUSES TO JOIN FEDIRALS IA
FIGHTING UNITED STATES I
MAAS SENT HIM LETTER
Constitutionalist General Charge
Huerta With Having Brought on
and Invited a Foreign Difficulty in
an Effort to Force Rebels to Ally
Themselves With Him.
The answer of Gen. Francisco Villa
to a request from Federal Gen. Maas
in command of the Saltillo garrison,
that Villa join the Federals In aveng
ing the American occupation of Vera
Cruz was delivered to the Federal
Gen. Villa refused absolutely to
ally himself or his men with the Fed
erals and declared that the Huertis
tas had provoked foreign intervention
for their own ends.
Proposals from Gen. Velasco to go
over to the rebels because of alleged
ill-treatment by the Federal govern
ment were laid before Gen. Villa
Monday. Villa expressed himself as
inclined to receive "so good a fight
er". It is his custom to reject offers
from Federal officers to serve under
the rebel standard.
Gen. Obregon, commander of the
division of the northwest of the rebel
army; Gen. Pablo Gonzales, comman
:der of the northeast division; Gen.
Panfilo Natora, commanding the cen
tral division; Gen. Caballero, com
manding the besieging force at Tam
pico, and others have refused pro
posals that they unite with the Fed
eral troops to repel an American In
Gen. Maas' letter to Villa announc
ed. that in addition to occupying Vera
Cruz the port of Salina Cruz had
been seized by the United States
forces, April 23.
. The leter to Gen. Francisco Villa
was as follows:
"I have received Instructions to
notify the revolutionary chiefs that
American intervention In Mexico is
an accomplished fact. The United
States has committed a grave offense
against Mexico by disembarking
troops in Vera Cruz, April 21, and by
taking similar action at Salina Cruz,
two day later. This act alone con
stitutes the intention of war, and
this is the supreme moment to call
on the patriotism of all Mexicans to
present a united front and forget
our differences in the intense love of
a county of which we are possessed.
We can consider the enemy only as a
foreigner, who In the most unjust and
gnoble manner has stepped upon the
holy soil of our fatherland.
"It is well known that the North
Americans, following the hypocritical
and undignified conduct which they
have used in all cases of intervention,
have declared that they will not fight
against the revolutionists, but only
against the government; but it is
learly to be seen that this conduct
is for no other purpose than to keep
us dIvided and make easier their
conquests. As Mexican patriots we
should not permit foreign nations to
mix in our internal affairs.
'.'We, therefore, call upon our
brothers to rally to the common
cause for the defense of the national
ntegrity. You could not more nobly
yield your present position than for
the purpose of rallying to the cause
of the whole of Mexico, that we may
all march together against the in
vading Yankees. I have such faith
in your patriotism that I do not
doubt that the forces of your com
mand will rally to fight the invasion
of the .Amnericans. I reiterate to you
assurances of my distinguished con
Gen. Villa's answer follows:
"In answer to your letter of April
28, in which, in accordance with your
Instructions, you invite me to march
with you against the foreign invaders
of our country, I would say that I
understand your actions fully and
also the present diabolical machina
tions. I know that as an accomplice
you took part in the infidelity and
treason of February, 1913 (Madero's
death). This is perfectly well under
stood, and you should know that we
can not pardon It, and also know thai
it will be the cause of your ruin.
"I therefore give you this answer
only because your official request and
my answer are historical documents,
and I owe to posterity an explanation
of my conduct.
"I know that the Cienltificos, by
various processes, have up to this
time sought to bring about North
American intervention in Mexico. It
is known without doubt that the com
ing of the Americans was desired and
provoked by you. The manner In
which you have excited Internal trou
bles and then called on all Mexicans
to help fight the external troubles is
clear to all the world.
"Gen. Hluerta and you did not show
much wisdom when you were convert
ed into instruments of the Cientificos
and .brought about the assassination
of President Madero, Vice-President
Pino Saurez and some other Liberal
Democrats, because you did not real
ize that the blood of the heroes whC
started the Democratic movement ii
1 910 would cause a civil war whici:
would lead to your ruin.
"Now you desire to provoke a for
eign war to save yourselves from the
isaster coming from the civil con
flct. You show even less wisdon
when you pile up mountains o
machinations and lies which wil
crumble about your ears.
"You have sought to make thi
union between yourselves and th
Con stitutionalists who are unde
iarms, and with 'to pretext of a for
eign war you seek to nrm many Mex
icans whose sympathies are not witi
you, but whose patriotism you expec
antoepot without reflecting th~t yol
YOUNG RE-ELECTED CHIEF,
SONS OF VETERANS DENOUNCE
EFFORTS FOR PENSIONS.
One Hundred Members of Forest
Troops Offer Wilson Their Services
in Present Mexican Trouble.
Gen. Bennett H. Young of Louis
ville, Ky., late Thursday was re-elect
ed commander-in-chief of the United
Confederate Veterans at the annual
reunion at Jacksonvlle. Richmond,
Va., was chosen for the 1915 reunion.
Gen. Young defeated Gen. Felix Rob
ertson of Texas. After the election
of a commander-in-chief adjournment
was taken, when officers of the Army
of Tennessee and the Army of Vir
ginia and other divisional organiza
tions could be elected. Gen. Young
received approximately 1,100 votes
and Gen. Robertson 800. Texas cast
its entire 343 votes for Robertson.
Seymour Stuart of St. Louis, Mo.,
Thursday was elected commander-in
chief of the United Sons of Confed
erate Veterans, succeeding W. W.
Old Jr. of Norfolk, Va. A lively de
bate was precipitated at the meeting
of the Sons of Veterans by the intro
duction of a resolution calling upon
congress to pension Confederate vet
erans. The resolution was introduc
ed by Judge N. H. Harrison of Roa
noke, Va., judge advocate general,
department of Virginia, Sons of Vet
Scarcely had the resolution been
seconded when W. W. Old Jr., com
mander-ln-chief of the organization,
left his official chair in order to make
a speech denouncing the resolution.
"I am willing to take my coat off
and work for funds with which to
supply our Confederate soldiers," he
declared, "and until ie are no longer
able to do so we should not ask the
government to help them."
The speaker was heartily cheered
as he asserted that he had consulted
hundreds of Virginia veterans and
had found none who was in favor of
beseeching aid from the government.
Delegates from Georgia,-Florida and
South Carolina voted disapproval.
Speeches against it were only check
ed by the adoption of a motion to
enter into the election of officers in
five minutes. Before that'time had
elapsed the resolution was tabled by
an overwhelming vote
One hundred survivors of Gen.
Forrest's famous cavalry Thursday
offered their. services to President
Wilson In the event of war with Mex
ico. The following resolution was
"We read with Indignation of re
peated insults offered to American
citizens by Mexicans, and inbued with
the patriotism derived as a heritage
from our ancestors we hereby tender
his excellency, the president of the
United States, if called up, a com
pany of 100 men to be selected from
"We assure him that they will be
able to fully fulfill their duties and
bear the hardships that will be re
quired of regular soldiers. We here
by guarantee to .be among the first to
plant the American flag on the bat
tlements of Mexico City, or any other
fortress within her bounds."
TO START NEW SXSTEM.
Committee Takes Charge of the New
The organization committee of the
new currency system announced in
Washington Wednesday that five
banks in each reserve district be des
ignated before May 9, to execute their
"certificate of organization" for dis
trict approved by currency act.
Representative of banks designat
ed are urged to meet promptly in re
serve city so certificate may be filled
with comptroller without delay.
When this is done, the committee
states that all subscribing banks will
be treated as "member ;banks" and
the election of electors and the nom
ination of directors will be proceed
Teddy Heard From.
A dispatch from Para, Brazil,
Thursday announced that Roosevelt
won't run for president on the Re
publican ticket in 1916, but may on
the Progressive. He declares he will
take an active part in the fall cam
Huerta Named Delegates.
Huerta Tuesday cablegrammed to
Senor Riano. the Spanish Ambassa
dor at Washington, that his repre
sentatives at the mediation confer
ence would be Louis Elguero, Augus
tin Rodriguez, Emilo Rabasa and
'Will Report Them Both.
The house judiciary committee
Tuesday voted to report the Hobson
bill providing for national prohibi
tion and the Mondell resolution fav
oring woman suffrage.
are about to arm a people who in jus
tice would chastise your crimes.
These same people, when they dis
cover you are an assassni of Democ
racy, you seek to win over by start
ing a war against a foreign nation
to serve your personal interests and
those of your party.
"It will soon be proven that the
satanIc declarations which you trait
ors to the fatherland have made in
stating that we have formed a union
with the North Americans is a stu
Ipid asseration which will cost you
your exIstence and bring to your fam
ilies an eternal shame.
"The Constitutionalists have the
desire to do all possible compatible
..with the national dignity to avoid a
. foreign war, but if we are not able to
avoid it we will face two enemies,
t the powerful stranger an4 the de
, .w pryemnuhatriots."
THINGS LOOK BAD
HUERTA PROTESTS THAT THE
ARIISTICE IS BEING BROKEN
BY AMERICAN SOLDIERS
News From Mexico Friday Looks Bad
-Mexicans Have Large Force As
sembled Near Vera Cru--Utmost
Secrecy Being Maintained at Wash
Ingt_ Concerning Two Dispatches.
Fresh complications have arisen
between the United States and Mex
ico in their relations during the arm
istice which Is to be observed during
the negotiatons of the mediators.
Huerta Friday made complaint to the
South American representatives that
the United States forces in and
around Vera Cruz were breaking the
armistice by landing fresh troops
from the warships and making other
The communication of the Mexi
can government was sent to the med
iators by Esteva Ruiz, the acting for
eign minister in Huerta's cabinet.
The envoys from the South American
states, upon receipi of the complaint,
stated that representations would be
made to President Wilson.
The foreign officer thanked -the
mediators for their good offices tell
ing them that the Mexican govern
ment In view of the attitude taken by
them in the case of Carranza's re
fusal to an armistice and the new
landing of troops by the Americana
was the cause of much good will to
wards them, and thanked them for
the prudence exercised by them.
Secretary Bryan later in the day
Friday admitted that the mediators
had made representations to this gov
ernment in behalf of the complaint of
the Huerta government. The secre
tary of state declared a formal reply
would be made to the charge of rio
lating the armistice at Vera Cruz
The text of the complaint made an
emphatic protest against the sending
of any more troops to Vera Cruz,
claiming that it Is a breach of the
truce. The Mexican president vague
ly indicated that the landing of any
more men would cause him to declare
the armistice at an end. This would
certainly reopen the hostilities
around Vera Cruz. Huerta also de
manded that the warfare of the Con
stitutionalists be stopped, charging
that they are receiving aid from the
A dispatch from Vera Cruz Friday
told of alarming conditions there.
The Mexican army opposing Gen.
Funston has Increased to twenty
thousand men In the last twenty-four
hours, and a base has been estab
lished at the town of Jalapa, forty
miles west of the American position.
t is clearly evident that the Huer
tian troops intend to make this a
base for their action against the
At Vera Cruz the Americans have
begun to observe strict rules of war
fare. No Mexican is allowed to ap
proach the American outposts. Pho
tographers are barred from the camp,
and every precaution Is being taken
against an unexpected attack. It Is
reported that eight thousand cotton
mill workers at Rio Blanco have
struck against their Spanish employ
ers and have joined the army 'of
Euerta, under the command of Nay
arette. It is estimated by those in a
position to know that the Mexicans
have a force of twelve thousand men
within thirty miles of Vera Cruz.
At Washington the utmost secrecy
that has yet marked the Mexican af
fairs at Vera Cruz. The mediation
question was sidetracked while the
president and his advisers gave their
a~ttention to the situation at Vera
Cru. Following a dispatch from
Gen. Funston Secretary of War Gar
rison called a hasty council of war
early In the morning. The naval de
partment was also in receipt of a tel
egram from Admral Badger, but the
contents of neither message can be
It was unofficially learned, how
ever, that two German ships are
standing off Vera Cruz Cruz, loaded
with munitions of war for Huerta.
It is also beleved that a crisis is Im
pending In Mexico City, and that In
the event of disorder the American
troops will be ordered to the capital.
PRAISED BY PRESS.
Vera . Cruz .Newspapers .Commend
Newspapers In Vera Cruz Friday
published prominently commenda
tions of the American administration
In that city. There Is great commer
cial activity everywhere and this Is a
subject of much gratificaton to the
natives. The work of re-organization
is going steadily forward.
The quiet condition in Mexico City
Is restoring confidence and many
Americans having interests In the
capital are making short trips there
to clean up their affairs. There is
now no Interruption to train service.
The military situation is unchanged
and the troops are making themselves
comfortable in the quarters they ex
pect to occupy for some time.
Millionairess Kills Herself.
Mrs. John Perkins, wife of a mil
lionaire banker of Greenwich, Conn.,
shot and killed herself Wednesday
while mentally unbalanced from a
Negro Killed by Officers.
"Babe" M. Chapman, a negrQ of
Goodwater, Ala.. was riddled wth
bullets Friday by officers while re
isn aret on a murder chrge.