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VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MAY 27, 114
ITATE DEMOCRATS GATHER IN
LIIA FOR BUSINESS
James A. Hoyt, President-Elect,
Praises Wilson and Declares the
Convention "Meets With Plain
Mandate of the People to Reform
The State Democratic convention
opened Wednesday at 12:03, when
Chairman John Gary Evans rapped
-for order. James A. Hoyt of Colum
bIE was elected temprorary president,
and he appointed as temporary see
retaries M. M. Mann of St. Matthews,
L Beve SI'. and George C. Tay
* ir of C l~bh. -
The roll can of the counties was
then entered into and contests de
veloped in Georgetown and Charles
toa. Elfminating these counties the
eonvetion perfected a preliminary
organization and adjourned until 8
oektehaight -- --
Stimeanatne the.. credentials
gizmittebadja d tigated the. con
tetsbefore it. Thos. M. Raysor of
Orangeburg was appointed tempbrary
chairman by President Hoyt. The
ful committee on credentials . fol
Abbe1lle, W. P. Green; Aiken, J.
H. Burnett; Anderson, J. B. Hum
bert Bamberg, J. A. Wiggins; Barn
well, P. J. Drew; Beaufort, S., H.
Rodgers; Berkeley, W. K. Fishburne;
Calhoun, S. J. Summers; Cherokee,
3. -3. Bell; Chester, S. T. McKeown;.
Chesterfield, 3. C. Rivers; Clarendon,
Louis Appelt; Colleton, D. M. Yarn;
Dsrlington, B, . F. Wilamson; Dil
3on, E. T.- Ellott; Dorchester,. A. R.
Joston; Edgedeld,A. E. Padgett;
Fairfield, W. J. Johnson; Florence,
W. H. Keith; . Greenville, H. J.
Raynesworth; Greenwood, H. C. Till
man; Hampton, H. W. C. Folk; Hor
ry, E. L. Buck; Jasper, B. B. Kelly;
Kershaw, W. B. DeLoach; Lancaster,
.R. E. Wylie; Laurens,J. H. Miller;
Lee,' H. W. Woodward;-. Lexington,
W. H. Sharpe; Marion, J. M. John
-n;.- Marlboro, T. P.- Gibson; New
berry, G. Y. -Hunter: Oconee. A. M.
Redfearn; Orangeburg, T. M. Ray
' sor; Pickens. O. R. Doyle; Richland,
Christie Benet; Saluda, W. L. Dan
>.iel; Spartanburg, C. M. Drummond;
Sumter, L." D. -Jennings; Union, W.
H. Jeter; Williamsburg, I. N. Boyd;
York, J. L. Rainey.
At,8:17 o'clock the con ention re
convened. The credentials commit
tee reported that it had seated the
Barnwell delegates from Charleston,
throwning out the Grace delegates,
" and had seated the double George
town delegation, each -member hav9
3 bag alf avote. - James A. Royt was
then elected permanent president of
J'h upon iemto ftecar
~J ca.ention," he ,ad~et
Swith the plain mandate of the people
- to reform the primary, and I am
Ssure the convention will do its duty
in this matter.'3
tThe delgates cheei-ed -the refer
-eneto Woodrow. Wilson made by
Jthe president in his remarks. Pres
7$ent Hoyt also referred to the "great
tyand i.,portunity" confronting
the convention. He declared the na
tinlcurrency law the -"greatest
--piece of legislation since the sixties".
-The primary election system was
characterized as "loose and disjoint
The following vic..presidents were
elected from the sev'en onessionlal
First, Joseph W. Barnwell of Char
stOnn econd-, R. -: Watson of -Sa
luda; third, M. L. Bonham of An
derson; fourth, t.E .Arnold of Spar
,tanburg; fifth, C. E. Spenceer of York;
sixth, DE. R. Coker~ of Dar'lington; soy
enth, John H. Clifton of Sumter.
hi. Mi. Mann and George C. Taylor
-were elected permanent secretaries.
ames S. Wilson of Lancaster was
The following were appointed on
the committee on constitution and
W. N. Graydon, Abbevinle; L. J.
Wilmams,..Aiken~eg. L. Bonham, An
derson; H. C. Fol1k, Bamnberg: W. C.
~Smith'; BarnweR:: N. Christensen.
Beaufort: B. 0. 'as -ey. Beikeley: 3
A. Ban12s,'Calheutr: R. G. Rhett.
Charleston; J, H. r-rner, Cherokee:
3. L Glenn. Chewr: Fgdward Mclver.
Chesterfield: Lonts~ A'pelt, Claren
- -don: 3. G. Padrett. Colleton; Zi. R.
Corresha11. flarlingten: P..L. Betbea
Dillon; C. M. Garvin, Dorchester: B.
E. NIcholson, Edgefield; W. R. Rabb.
.F'airfeld; 3. S. McKlnzIe, Florence:
Walter Hazard. Georgetown; 3. W.
Norwodd, Greenville;:3 JB. Park.
Greenwood: P. H. Gooding; Hamp
ton; B. B. Keiley, Jasper: 3. P. Dur
ham, Horry: W. 3. Burdenl. Ker
shaw: B. S. Stewart, Lancaster: R.
~A. Cooner. Laurens: George Bell
Timmermant, .Lexington: Edwin
Wilson. Lee: Henry M!ullins, Marion:
C. P. Hodge's. Marlboro: George B.
Cromer, Newieerry: F'.'M. Cary. Oco
-nee; A. H. Moss. Orangeburg: R. F.
Smith, Pickens: John. 3. McMahan.
Rlchland: B. W. Crouch. Salr da: S.
T. D. Lancaster, Snartanburg: 3. H.
Clifton, Sumter: W. H. Howell. Un
ton: E. C. Enps, Williamsburg; C. E.
The following were appointed on
the platform and resolutions com
Abbeville. 3. R. Stillwell: Alken, 3.
C. Hudson; Anderson, Leon L. Rice:
Bamberg, 3. R. Wiggins; Barnwell,
3. W. Jennings; Beaufort, T. L. Lee;
Barkeley, 3. 5. Sanders: Calhoun, 3.
C. Redmond; Charleston, A. R.
Young; Cherokee,.A. 3. Clary: Che.
tar. . Wsomn Gl"Mbn; Cbest~rela
WILL OPEN IN JUNE
CAMPAIGN FOR DEMOCRATIC
NOMINATION TO START.
Would be Governors Are to Begin
Action in Sumter--Senatorial Can
didates at St. Matthews.
The county-to-county canvass for
United States Senator will open at
St. Matthews on June 17, and the
canvass for Governor and other State
officials at Sumter on the same day,
this action being decided on by the
State Democratic executive committee
at a meeting late Thursday afternoon
following the adjournment of the con
vention at Columbia.
The itinerary of the two campaigns
will be arranged by a sub-committee,
of which Gen. Wilie Jone, of Colum
bia, is chairman. Pledges for all
State officals and the candidates for
United States Senate must be field
with the State chairman before noon
of June -16. The assessment of can
didates for United States senator was
fixed at $300, of candidates. for con
gress $250, for governor $100, for
railroad commissioner $75 and for all
other State offices and solicitors $50
The candidates for United States
senator have a separate campaign
itinerary from that of governor and
the other State officials, this being
provided by the rules. The only en
trants so far in the Senate race are
United States Senator E. D. Smith,
who is seeking re-election, and Gov.
Cole L. Blease.
Nearly the full membership of the
State committee was present, Chair
man John Gary Evans presiding.
Gov. Evans was re-elected State
chairman by the convention Thurs
day afternoon by acclamation. Mr.
Christie Benet of Columbia, was re
elected treasurer. The committee ad
journed subject to the call of the
J SED NO CLUB.
Senator Ransdell Explodes Insinua
tion About Federal Patronage.
Senator Ransdell of Louisiana
Tuesday denied on the floor of the
Senate that President Wilson had
sought to coerce him or his colleague,
Senator Thornton, by means of fed
eral patronage, to vote for free sugar.
The statement was in response to a
newspaper article published Monday.
"I had several is.e-views with the
president during the consideration of
the tariff act," said Senator itansdell.
"The president expressed his views
forcibly, as he always does, that party
loyalty required me to vote for the
tariff act. I replied in like manner
but there never was any unpleasant
ness between us. I am sure he never
intended to coerce me by patronage
CON4FREES FOUL MURDER.
Negro Tells Savannah Police of Brn
tal Slaying of WThit4 )th.
Aaron Brown, a negro of Savan
nah; Ga.. Thursday confessed to the
police the murder of Peter F. Dew
berry, aged night watchman at the
American Agricultural Cremical com
pany Saturday,-and 'the robbe-y rom
his person of a consideaole suw of
money. The confession implicatedI
Peter Alston Sr. and Henry Adams,
negress, whose homes are near the
factory. According to Brown they
planned and executed the greater part
of the crime. All are under arrest.
Bown says the old man was struck
with a bar of Iron and later was cut
M. M. Johnson; Clarendon, J. M.
Davis; Colleton, D. M. Varn; Darling
ton, L. S. Carrigan; Dillon, D. L.
Moore;- Dorchester, Cwrus - Mims;
Edgefield, J. L. Mims; Fairfield, G.
W. Ragsdale; Florence, 3. W. Mc
Cown; Georgetown, Dr. Olin Sawyer;
Greenville, T. P. Cothran; Green
wood, M. G. Bowles; Hampton,. S. M.
Clark; Jasper, J. H. Ward; Horry, D.
A. Spivey; .Kershaw, .R. C. Jones;
Lancaster, R. E. Wylie; Laurens, W.
C. Irby; Lexington. Jas. B. Addy;
Lee, S. L. Austin; Marion, J. C. Dav
is: Marlboro, 3. M~. Evans; New
berry. .Van Smith; Oconee, J. A.
Stribbling: Orangeburg, W. L. Glaze:
Pickens, D. W. Hiott; Richland, F.
Hl. Weston; Saluda, .E. L. Ready;
Spartanburg, J. -'C. Otts; Sumter,
Geo. W. Dick: Union, B. W. Whit
lock; Williarnsbunrg, Hugh McCut
chin; York, D. P. Leslie.
A motion was made to adjourn
until Thursday but a member sug
gested that the two committees
could finish their work in two hours.
so It was decided to adjiourn until
11:30. This was done.
At the appointed time Chairman
Weston announced that the comnmit
tee on platform and resolutions was
redy to report. He read the renort
of the committee which, was received
with applause. The renort In full is
printed In another column under the
head "Wiison Endorsed".
When Chairman Weston had com
pleted his readi of tw~~~
(Gary Evans Informed the convention
that the committee on constitution
and rules was making good prorress
but, would not be able to renort at
that time. The convention then re
cesed u--til 12:20. at which time
Chairman H'ovt announced that the
rules committee would be unable to1
report and he therefore reouested an
-annnment until Thursday ten .
o'clock. The motion was made and
Negro Lynched fu Florida.
James Woodsomne, a negrno who
had previously served 12 years for as
saulting- a colored woman, was shot
jto death at Gordonsvllle. Fla.. Mon
day after attempting to force his way
CONVENTION ADOPTS RULES DE
SIiNED TO STOP FRAUDS
MAJORITY WAS DYER 201
By Vote of 268 to 50 Party Rules
Are Changed Requiring One Year's
Residence in the State, Six Months
in the County and Sixty Days in
the Club District.
Sweeping in the changes in the
rules and constitution to safeguard
and reform the primary elections
were passed by the State Democratic
convention, which adjourned sine die
late Thursday afternoon, after a ses
sion lasting two days.
The convention worked steadily
throughout the day and all during
the afternoon, refusing to recess for
dinner. The determination of the
convention to carry through the re
port of the overwhelming majority
of the committee on constitution and
rules was shown in the steady man
ner which it proceeded to reject
amendments after amendments
which were rained in following the
tabling of the minority report of the
The main fight of the minority
was made on the report of the major
ity of the committee, which called for
personal enrollment, and providing
for a residence of two years in the
State, six months in the county and
sixty days In the voting precinct as
qualifications to establish residence
before being eligible to participate in
Strenuous efforts of the minority
to knock out the personal enrollment
were unsuccessful, as heavy majori
ties were recorded time and again
in favor of the majority report. All
amendment by Senator Clifton, al
lowing the voter to enroll by either
applying to the secretary of his club
in person or on written application,
signed by a witness, was rejected by
a vote of 256 to 55.
-It was notable that not a single
speech yas made in the convention
in favor of leaving the riles of the
party to stand as adopted in 1912.
The questions raised were simply
what changes should be made to safe
guard primary elections effectively.
There was a sharp division be
tween the reports of the majority
and minority of the committee on
constitution and rules, the latter in
sisting on briefer terms of residence
in State and county as one qualifi
cation for voting and opposing the
rule presented that voters should
sign the club rolls in Dersons.
Despite the terrific onslaughts
made by a small minority the Demo
cratic State convention voted down
the minority report of tho committee
on constitution and rules, which
which would eliminate the per'sonal
ehrollment of voters for the primary
and cutting down the residence nec
essary for qualification from two
years to one year in the State, and
from one year to six months in the
county, which was lated adopted as
an .mendment to the majority report.
The overwhelming vote, 268. to 50,
came on the motion of T. M. Raysor
to table the miority report, and the
amendment offered by Senator Clif
The vote by counties follows, the
ayes favoring the majority' repbrt,
which called fot personal enrollment
and the residence in the Stdte two
years, county six months and polling
precinct thirty days:
Abbeville..... . .. .. 8 .
Anderson .. .... ......14 -
Bamberg .... .........6 .
Barnwell .-. .. .. . 1
Beaufort .. ...........6.
Brkeley ...............6 1
Cherokee .. ............6.
Chesterfield ....... ....3 3
Colleton ...............6 .
Dorchester.. ........1 -
Edgetleid .. ............6.
Fairfld .... ........4 2
Florence .. .... ........
Florence .... .. ....., 8 .
Greenville .. .. ........12 .
Greenwood .. ..........
Georgetown .. .........3 3
Hampton .... .........4 .
Lee (not voting, instrict
Marlboro .... .... .... .
Newberry ...... ......8 .
Orangeburg .... ......12 .
Oconee .. .... .......
Pickens ...............6 .
Richand .. .... .....12 .
Saluda .. ............6.
Spartanburg .. .... ...16 .
Sumter.. .... .....3 4
Union .... .......2 4
Williamsburg .. .. ....6 2
Totals .. .... .....268 50
The following is a summary of new
constitution and rules of Democratic
party of South Carolna:
Qualifications for club membership
and for voting In primary elections
are: Applicant to be 21 years of age,
a white Democrat, a citizen of the
United States and of the State, must
have resided in the State two years,
in the county six months and in the
club distic t 60 days. If a negro,
applicant must have voted for Hamp,
ton in 1876.
Annuansts for enroflment in a
Democratic club shall present them
selves in person before the secretary
and sign the roll or make their mark,
if they are unable to write, giving
their age, occupation and post office
address, or their street number where
such designations exist in the club
district where they reside. The
county committee shall furnish suit
able and uniform books of enroll
ment to, the secretaries, such books to
be provided by the State committee.
The club rolls shall be closed on the
second Tuesday in July of each elec
tion year. Secretaries of clubs shall
file the rolls, properly certified, with
copies, with the clerks of courts of
the various counties, where they shall
be open for inspection. County com
mittees shall purge the rolls, giving
due notice by mail to all citizens the
legality of whose enrollmen is ques
State committee shall arrange for
two separate campaign meetings in
each county, one to be addressed by
candidates for State offices and the
other by candidates for United States
Chairmen of county committees In
the same congressional districts and
judicial circuits shall arrange for sep
arate meetings for candidates for
congress and solicitor.
Polls are to ;remain open on elec
tion day from 8 a. m. to 4 p. in., ex
cept in Charleston, where they shall
remain open from 8 a. m. to 6 p. m.
All existing club rolls are declar
ed null and void, as a special provi
sion for 1914. This will require a
new enrollment of all Democrats for
the 1914 primary on the last Tuesday
in August. -
-Special Rules for Charleston.
Special provisions and stringent
regulations were made for Charles
ton to guard against any possibility
of fraud or irregularity. The Char
leston regulations call for the books
to be closed sixty days before the first
primary and be filed with the clerk
of cou:t. In Charleston books of
enrolls ent are to open on the third
Thursday in May, and each applicant
to enroll must first sign an applica
tion blank properly witnessed, which
sets forth that he is a citizen of the
United States and has resided iii
Charleston one year, giving residence
and street number, age and height.
The secretary of each club is ta en
ter the name of the applicant on the r
club roll within forty-eight hours a
after he applied, provided he is sat
isfied the applicatioi is bona fide and i,
the signature is genuine. If the sec- t
retary is satisfied the applcant is not
regular he shall forward the applica
tion to the county coimittee, who
shall publish the list of such appli
cants with witnesses and set a fixed
hour for them to appear and show
cause why they should be enrolled.
Names which the executive committee
decide should be enrolled are to be
sent back to the secretaries of the
clubs for this purpose.
Ample opportunity must be given
by the executive 4dmimittee *ithlii
the sixty days for the hearing of pro
tests of thoes not entitled. to vote in
the primary. The names damblained
of the witness to the application and
the party complaining shall all bet
printed in a daily newspaper of thec
city, which must not be virithin three
days of the hearing.1
The power Is given to use the Aus- j
tralian secret .ballot within the city of
Charleston If the county committee
deems It advisable. This Is thought
to be an almost absolute safeguard
against any possible Irregularities,
anid if the committee deems it advis
able to use the Australian ballot in
the city to insure an honest and fair
election they can do so uidtir the uien
Another feature of the new rules
calls for a voter to place his name
only on one club and that at w'lich he
will vote. The county committees are
to lay out the club districts and des
ignate their boundaries.
Special provision Is made for the
primary- this year. Officers of all
clubs elected are continued, but all
existing club rolls are declared "oul
and void" and must be destroyed.
The executive committee Is to meet
at each county seat on the first Mon
day In June of this year and make
provision for the re-enrolment, which
is to be done by the secretar, of each
cuib. If new clubs rare organized
they must form within ten days, as
provided for in the rules, and any
club not conforming to the rules Is to
LADY BREAKS NECK.
Aken Woman Jumps From Runaway
Buggy With Fatal Results.
Jumping from a buggy when the
horse her husband was driving early
Thursday afternoon became frighten
ed and ran away, Mrs. Lonnie Redd,
who lives near Aiken, was instantly
killed. Her head struck the ground
and her neck was broken. Mrs. Redd
had been to Aiken with her husband
and when their shopping -was done
they started to return home.
Just below the city they passed a
frIend in another vuggy and playful
ly Mr. Redd struck at him with the
buggy whip. Mr. Redd's horse be
came frightened at the swish of the
whip and started to run. Mr. Redd
was unable to control the animal for
the reason that the bridle bits broke.
He told Mrs. Redd to jump, and as
she did so she was thrown heavily to
the ground. .Death was 'netaneous.
One Dead as Bridge Burns.
One man was killed and four oth-I
ers seriously injured by falling tim-'
bers when the dredge Hillsboro was
burned to the water edge in Tampa,
Fla., Bay, Thursday.
Director Richmond Reserve Bank
-D. R. Carter, merchant and farmer
of Hartsville has been recommended
for electon as director of the Rich
mond Reserve Bank.
Which "Auto" Go.
Cars may come and cars may ge
which auto go forever. (Heive meg
MORGAN WAS BOSS
FINANCIER WAS EVIL GENIUS OF
NEW HAVEN RAILROAD.
x-President Mellen Tells How
Eleven Millions of the Road's
Money Was Spent by Morgan.
A story of the late J. P. Morgan's
absolute domination in affairs of the
vew Haven railroad, of the spending
>f millions in awed and ignorant si
ence at the command of the all-pow
;rful financial ruler was told to the
nterstate commerce commission
['uesday by Charles S. Mellen, form
r president of the New Haven. It
as the most extraordinary chapter
ret unfolded in the commission's in
tuiry into the alleged exploitation of
he great New England railroad and
lisappearance of fortunes from its
reasury through acquisition at ex
ravagant prices of subsidiaries' pro
There was not time in a single day
n which to crowd all the incidents
tnd events dealt with in the witness'
estimony. He. barely touched on
ome of the big things, paving the
ray for exhaustive questioning that
ill continue. Members of the com
ission, counsel and interested spec
ators fairly hung on every word of
Ir. Mellen as his story developed
tramatically under the examination
f Chief Counsel Folk.
Everybody listened with absorbed
tteftion and at times evident
.mazement as he related how he had
tood in awe of Mr. Morgan, because
if his comprehensive grasp and per
ect peseieite of financial matters;
tow he had consulted with Theodore
toosevelt, then president of the
Inited Statese, regarding the pur
hase of the Boston & Maine rail
oad; how he had prevented 'the late
. H. Harriman fidm acqtfiring the
3oston & Maine by getting it himieif
or the New Haven; and how he had
lealt with the late police inspector,
'homas F. Byrnes of New York, to
ntainf th Westchester stock held by
ersons wham he dssdmed to be con
ected with Tammany -Isii.
As when on the stand last week,
fr. Melien gave his testimony with
pparent willingness, answering every
uestion readily and concisely--that
s every question except one. He did
ry to avoid telling about the time
rhen Mr. Morgain humiliated him by
ruscluely iefusiig to give im in
Drmation concerning the Westchester
ransaction to which he thought, as
resident of the New Haven, he was
When he finally related the inci
rent, his face was drawn into hare
Ines, and he clasped his hands over
he table In front of him almost con
lsively. His voice indicated no
igns of emotion, however.
iLter he Ateii gave the story a
ouch of huior. When Directo's
smingway and Skinner of the New
aven demanded of him why the
oad was expending $11,000,000 ono
he Westehester purchase, he said he
iffered to appoint each of them a
ommittee of one to find out; that he
Lad "barked his shins" In ,a futile
ndeavor to obtain information from
fr. Morgan and that they could try
t of they desired. -
"They ducker," concluded Mr. Mel
en, grimly, and a ripple of appre
lative lkughter ran around the hear
ng room. Particular interest was
roused by Mr. Mellen's- account of
its ':onfereade with the then presi
iset, 661. frdsevsit, rispieting the
Lquisition of the Boiston & Maine.
Ie explained that he was a great
udmirer of Col. Roosevelt, and fre
uently conferred with him about im
Col. Roosevelt said to him at that
onference, according to the testi
nony, that he was not a lawyer and
was not prepared to a'dvise him What
:o do about the proposed purchase,
nit on Mr. Mellen's statement of the
situation, he said there might be
iothing objectionable in it. Mr. Mel
.n testified that the president said
:at' he could countenance no illegal
ction in the matter, and suggested
:hat he confer with Commissioner
bane of the interstate commerce comn
ission. From Mr. Lane. he said, he
gt no expression of opinion.
A letter was submitted by Mr.
Folk, written on May 21. 1907, by
lenry W. Whitney to Mr. Mellen,
suggesting that he "say something at
n early day touching the Boston &
Maine matter." that "a lar,e public
s still to be reckoned with," and
:oncluding with this paragraph:
"T have th-ught it possible the
'Little Father' at Washington migbt
lie to get his finger into the pie. in
which case. if it should happen before
the public should become reconciled
to the change, might result in in
fnite harm to all your interests."
Mr Folk then offered in evidence the
reply to that letter made the follow
ng day, in which Mr. Mellen wrote:
"It has been thought advisable by
ll concerned that 'just as little offi
la information should get out to the
newspapers regarding the Boston &
Miaine matter as is absolutely neces
sary. This was agreed upon by Mr.
Ledyard, Mr. Tuttle and myself. and
we are acting on this theory at the
present time. The Washington sit
nation I have, I think, completely
cared for. One never knows for a
ertainty regarding matters there, but
the ground had been carefully
ploughed and every chance for trou
ble considered. and, I think, success
Killed by Robbers.
Eugene Hoathing, railroad station
agent at Tappan, N. Y., was shot and
killed early Thursday by two men
who attempted to rob the safe in his
Death Claims Aged Oczsudtor.
William Gaston Smith. veterapi con
duetor of the Southern Raliway,, died
t A~nderson Thursday. He lred serv
.a aaseomayuo~ for M yeara.
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PLAT
fORM AND RESOLUTIONS
VIEWS OF CONVENTION
Endorses Without Qualification the
Administration of President Wil
son-Recommends Biennial Ses
sion of the General Assembly
Report as Adopted.
'Following is the report of the com
mittee on platform and resolutions:
"The Democratic party of South Car
olina in convention assembled reaf
firms its allegiance to the principles
of the party as announced and ex
pounded by Jefferson.
"We endorse without qualification
the administration of President Wil
son and commend congress for the
cordial and intelligent support it has
given him. The South Carolina De
mocracy pledges anew the faith in
Woodrow Wilson that its delegation
in the Baltimore convention so
staunchly manifested in supporting
him for the nomination.
"Under the leadership of the presi
dent the government has been re
stored to the people. Revision of
the tariff in the interests of the peo
ple has been accomplished, and the
control of the government arrested
from the hands of the great inter
ests. The income tax shifts to wealth
a fair share of the burdens of govern
ments. A brighter industrial and
commercial day is dawning under a
banking and currency law that dis
tributes the countr's accumulation
of capital among the people whose
labors have created it. In construc
tive legislation enacted for the ben
efit of the many and not for the few,
this Democratic administration has
already achieved more than Republi
can administrations have ever accom
plished, and it will be known in his
tory is the restorer of the rights of
the people that have been taken
from them during the long period
when the government in the hands
of the Republican party was a part
ner of the privileged classes.
"The Dec >cratic administration
i11 curb the monopolies that hale
been built up under the fostering
care of the Republican party; it will
make plain the way of honest busi
ness; it will further provide the facil-'
ities of. credit to the farmers and
mall producers and it will go for
ward through the agricultural de
rrtment in the great work of edu
cation, for increased production and
better living, for improved health,
and for the development of the peo
ple as the principal American asset.
"In dealing with other nations, our
ountry, under the direction of Presi
dent Wilson's intelligent and sincere
patriotism, has acknowledged no
standard of honor and sense of jus~
tice lower than that which prevails
mong highmlnded men and controls
:isir ebddiet. Guided by these prin
ciples and his o*n strength of char
acter and the patience 61 genius,
President Wilson has had the courage
to avoid war in. Mexico when a weak
er man would have brought on an
armed conflict that would have cost
s millions of treasure and thousands
of precious lives, at the same time
preserving the honor of our country
thd the sanctity of our flag.
To such a record and such a man
the Deinderatic convention of South
Carolina pledges its co-operation i-n
the performance c I' the task~s that re
rnain and the cocttnuationI of the sup
port which it commenced in faith
and finds justified in tact. We espec
ally extend to the president our
grateful appreciation for preventing
a money panic and placing in the
banks of the agricultural districts
large sums of government money.
thereby enabling the producers of our
great agricultural crops to secuee a
remunerative price for their prod ucts.
"Recognizing in the president the
greatest moral force that has been in
the White House during the past cen
tury, we ned3tily commend his ef
fortsto secure a repeal of the Pan
ama tree tolls act, a law enacted by a
iepublican congress and signed by a
B.epublican president. regardless of
national honor. We condemn this
law as undernocratic~ and against the
economic policy of our party and
county. We believe that. this law
would create a shipping trust and
would repeat the outrageous scandals
of the building of our transconti
nental railways. We demand that
our senators vote for the unquali
led repeal of this act and thus sup
port the president in upholding Dem
ocratic prmnciples and the honor of
"We commend and heartily indorse
any legislation tending to establish a
drainage fund to reclaim overflowed
lands In the Ulnited States, and for
the promotIon of the general welfare
by preventing the dissemination of
malaria and other diseases among
the States. We urge our senators
and representatives In congress to
work for and support such legisla
"We comnmend the efforts now be
ing made to advance the cause of edu
cation throughout the State and espe
cially commend the efforts to foster
and develop the'commonl schools.
"Recognizing the vital need of bet
ter roads, we commendi any legisla
tion tending to improv~e our hich
ways. We approve the lerislation in
ongress whereby it is proposed to
extend national aid to the States for
the purpose of building good raods.
"We recommend to our lawmakers
hat they enact such legislation as
necessary to protect primary elec
tions from fraud.
"We favor biennial sessions of the
he reot was adopted as present
TRY TO REACH KING
LONDON POLICE AND STFRA
GETTES HAVE BATTLE.
Two Hundred Women Attempt to
Breat Through the Line of Police
men Guarding Palace.
St. James Park London and the
grounds of Buckinham Palace were
crowded with police from an early
hour Thursday morning, the mobili
zation of 1,500 men having been or
dered to oppose the projected attempt
by suffragettes to present a petition
to King George. Mrs. Emmerline
Pankhurst had announce she would
lead a great procession to the royal
residence, but it was said that she
probably would be arrested under the
provisions of the "Cat and Mouse
Act" if she put in an appearance.
The police formed a complete ring
around the palace and its ground's as
the women had threatened to scale
the high walls enclosing the gardens.
All the detectives from police head
quarters at Scotland Yard were on
duty and a body of 1,000 patrolmen
was held in reserve in case of emer
Police precautions had been di
rected toward repelling an assault
from the direction of Westirinister,
where the suffragettes- had advertised
they would form a parade. Instead,
a small body of women, known for
their militancy as "gunwomen" of the
Woten's Social and Political union,
burst from a private residence on
Hyde park corner and forced their
way through the archway at top of
Constitution hill before the squad of
police on duty there could resist
The Women's Charge. ....
Headed by Mrs. Pankhurst and
Niss Sylvia Pankhurst, the flying
squadron of women swept down Con
stitution hill towards Buckinham pal
ace, but half way they met the most
hated enemy of the militants in the
person of Inspector Riley, who his
charge of the suffragette detail at the
Scotland Yard police headquarters.
the shock of combat was short but
sharp an resulted in the arrest of
more than Sv women who used clubs
freely. Mrs. Pankhurst was one of
One group, headed by Miss Sylvia
Pankhurst, reached a point almost
across the drive from the palace.
aounted police surrounded them and
arrested Miss Sylvia and several of
her comrades. The crowd at this
point was so dense that attempts of
the police to clear the drive were un
successful until recourse was had to
water sprinkling carts, which ruined
many fine gowns of fashionable mo
For two hours after the conclusion
Df the main battle the police were en
raged in breaking up small groups
)f women who had spread over the
surrounding district. Casualties were
not numerous, consisting of a few
broken heads, but much harm was
one to the uniforms of the police
and to the dresses of the women. At
no time were more than a couple of
hundred women engaged in the battle
while opposed to them was 8 force of
ECLIPSE NEXT AUGUST.
Sun Will be~ Totally Hidden But Not
Affecting Our Locality.
The eclipse of the sun on August
21-total in part of Europe and Asia
and partial in Northwesterns America
--is attracting the widespread atten
tion of ast-onomers and scientists, va
rious- tapeditions being arranged to
witness this prenomena.. In view of
the public interest in the event. Prof.
C. G. Abott, head of the astronomical
branch of the Smithsonian Institu
tion, and a recognized authority on
solar phenomena. gives the following
popular account of the eclipse, and
the scientific results sought from such
On August 21, 1914, the moon will
pass exactly between the earth and
the sun, and there will .be a total
solar eclipse. It will not 'be observ
ed in America, except as a small par
tial eclipse at sunrise in the North
ern states and Canada, but in Persia,
Russia and Scandanavia the full ef
fet will be seen.
Although the moon looks about the
same size as the sun, it is very much
smaller and nearer. The sun is 865,
000 miles in diameter and 93,000,
000 miles away, while the moon is
2,163 miles in diameter and 239,000
miles away. On account of the
moon's small size compared with the
sun the shadow cast by the moon is
a cone, and the point of this cone
just barely reaches the earth.
-KILLED BY NEORO.
Negro Kills Hartsville Man While
They Blad Been Fishing.
Tom Brown, a young white mai
who lived a few miles west of Harts
ille at Segars' mill, was shot and
killed by H. Wingate, a negro, aboul
2 o'clock Wednesday.
The'scene of the tragedy was a1
egars' mill pond. Facts as best ob
taned are that Mr. Brown and the
egro had been out in a canoe fishini
and as Mr. Brown stepped from the
boat he gave It a shove which bort
the negro a short distance from the
shore. The negro cursed Mr. Brown
whereupon he resented it and tol<
the negro to take back his words an<
apoloize. The negro is said to havy
scrambled to the shore, got a sho
gun and fired one entire load of sho
into Mr. Brown's breast, which caus
d his death shortly afterwards.
ed and certified copies of the plai
form were ordered sent to Presider
Wilson and the representatives of th
State In congress. The committe
was thanked for drawing up a plai
form which met so thoroughly tb
b stmentS of the convention.
STATE CONVENIION SEATS TIE
HEARD CONTEST IN OPEN
Credentials Committee After Hearing
Testimony of Both Delegations Vote
Unanimously to Seat the Barnwefl
The credentials committee of the
State Democratic convention listen
ed for three or four hours to the
charges and countercharges coming
from Charleston, in the effort of the
two delegations from that county to
be declared the regular members of
the convention. _ At laat, however,
after the matter had been .sifted
from top to bottom the committee
decided without a dissenting vote to
seat -the Barnwell delegation. Every
word of the hearing and finding was
considered in open session.
Practically the same scene, says
The State, was witnessed in the hall
of the House as was enacted In the
1912 convention when the contest
from Charleston was heard. There
were charges and countercharges;
bitter language, personal and pro
fessional charges, ,a general discus
sion of the political situation in Char
leston, accounts of riots at elub
meetings, stories of how .club meet
ings were packed with non-residents
and accounts of how dead men were
The hearing ranged from jest to.
earnest. At one time a witness was
raising his hand and calling for a
Bible to swear to some statement.
At another a witness was calling
some one a falsifier. Hundreds of
affidavits were submitted 'to prove
the contentions of both sides.- Mem
hers of the Democratic party were
charged with padding the rolls and
some of the secretaries were charged
with stealing the club rolls. State
ments that policemen were stationed
at the doors of the club meetings and
that the doors were locked promptly
at 8 o'clock caused much laughter.
It was stated, however, that this ism
done by consent of both the alleged
Out of the general mass of testa
mony the following situation was de
veloped: All of the delegates from
the various clubs in Charleston gath
ered in Hibernian hall to attend the
county convention. The convention
was never formally organized. Just
before the organization the faction
headed by Mayor Grace took exoep
tion to the action of the county exe
cutive committee in accepting the
delegates from the country districts
who had failed to make report to
the committee within three days so
that a temporary roll might be
made up.' This rule, It was contend
ed, was adopted by the committee
The Grace faction did not want
these delegates to be seated because
they claimed that they had not been
properly enrolled. The Grace -faction
also contended that "pretenslve' pro
tests had been filed by the Barnwell
delegation to cut down an alleged
majority for Grace. Just before the
convention was organized a separate
convention in the same hall and pro
ceeded to elect delegates to the State
The credentials committee found
itself confronted with an unusual
proposition. The committee finally
decided. to go fully into the charges
made by both sides and to determine
whether the protests mled by the
Barwell delegation were "proton
sive" or legal.
Mayws Grace told the com'tittee
that in 1912, after he had been
thrown out of the State convention,
he had taken his life in his hands
for the peeple who threw hIm out.
Mayor Grace charged that the rule
adopted in 1912 to require that a
certified copy of the club delegations
be filed with the executive committee
had been disregarded In Charleston.
Discussing his own club, Club 2,
Ward 2. Mayor Grace told of his ma
jorities there In past elections. He
claimed that Woodrow Wilson could
not beat him in that ward. "Yet
they slip In a protest to cut down
our majority," said Mayor Grace.
He charged that the protest was "flo
titous". He said that he had been
approached and asked to bring a fib
titous protest but that he had re
"They have taken both clubs away
from us and we have not a look-lu
on election day." said Mr. Grace, dis
cussing other clubs in Charleston.
Mayor Grace charged that there was
a "fititious protest system" and that
It had been operated by the BarnweU.
Giving his reasons for withdraw
ing from the county convention, he
*said that there was "no justice, no
reason and no argument". He said
that he knew that the committee on
~credentials that would have been ap-..
pointed by Mr. Barnwell would rule
against his delegates.
Replying to the statements of ..
Mayor Grace, Mr. Barnwell said that
when Mayor Grace bolted the con
vention no business had been accom
pshed and the roll had just been
Icalled. He said that It was the duty
Sof the county executive committee to
tprepare the temporary roll. He do
lared that the men In Charleston
Scounty did not know of the rule to
require that the delegates he filed
-three days after the club meeting.
He declared that under the ofreum
.tstances It would not have been right
eto exclude them from the convention.
~Mr. Barnwell also stated that even
if the delegates from the country
edistricts had been excluded, his side
j (continud :on last page.)