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VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY* JULY 22
HOERTA 5iYES IIP
MIS BEIGNATION IS ACCEPTED
BY MEXICAN SENATE.
IARBAJAL TAKES OFFLE
Be~red Dictator is Expected to Leave
mis 1Xative - Land and Sail for
Europe-Mexican Congress Cheers
President as They Acept His Bes
Gn. Victoriana Huerta resigned
from the provisional presidency of
the Mexican republic Wednesday
night and his resignation .was ae
cepted by the Senate and Chamber of
Deputies by a vote of 121 to 17.
Francisco Carbajal then was appoint
ed President and took the oath of of
*e att he joint session of the:Depu
ties and Senators. -
Huerta's resignation was- submit
ted through the department of for
eign, relations. It was reid In. the
House and was greeted with crie of
"'Via Huerta " it then was referred
to the joint committtea of Goberna
cion. After brief' consideration the
committees. reported accepting the
resignation in the following terms:
"Article I. We accept the resigna
tlon presented .y Gen. Victoriana
Huerta as President of the Mexican
"Article 2. We call Licentlate
Francisco Carbajal, minister of for
eign rielations, to assume the presi
A ballot was taken Md the joint
session approved the report. Presi
dent .Carbaja1 proceedid to the na
tional palace under an escort of pres
identll guards, and all along the
way 'was greeted with tumultuous
The text of Gen. Huerta's resigna
tion follows. "Deputies and Sena
tors: Public necessity, admitted .by
the Chamber of Deputies, by the
Senat6 and by the Supreme Court
-caled me to the supreme ministry of
the republic. Later when in this
iame ball I had the honor of ad
dressing you in compliance with the
cnstitutiona precept I promised at
fal costs to bring about peace.
"Seventeen months have passed
and in that brief period of time I
have formed an army with which to
arry out that solemn promise. You
a! know - the immense difficulties
which my government has encounter
ed owagto 'a scarcity off funds as
'well as to the manifest and decided
rotection which a great power of
-,this continent has afforded the rebels
-so much so that when the revolu
tion had been broken up, seeing that
itschief leaders were, and continued
46 be divided, the power in question
uMkpght a pretext to intervene directly
the -conflict, and the result of ,this
was an outrage committed at Vera
.1rs by the American fleet.
"Success was had, as you know, in
aIsighonorably, through our
~delegates at Niagara Falls., the petty
Tas frmpico incident, but the revolution
e~cntinued with the support of whom
"Yet- after the highly patriotic
'work achieved 'by our delegates at
~<Niagara Falls there still are some
$ who say I, come what may, seek my
~"personal interest and not that of the
Srepublic. And as I need to rebut
this allegation with facts I tender my
formalr resignation of the presidency
' of the republic.
'The national Congress must vote
that the republic, through its govern
ment, has labored in entire good
faith and with the fullest energy,
having succeeded in doing away 'with
the party which in the united States
calls itself Democratic, and having
shown how the right should be de
"To be more explicit, I will say
that the action of the government of
the republic during its short life has
dealt death blows to an unjust power.
Later on, stronger workers will come,
using implements that undoubtedly
*will end that power which has done
so much harm and committed too
many outrages on this continent.
"In conclusion, I will say that I
abandon the presidency of the re
- public. carrying with me the highest
sum of human wealth, for I declare
that I have arraigned at the bar of!
universal conscience the honor of a
Puritan, whom I, as a gentleman,
challenge to wrest from me that pos
"May God bless you and me."
The galleries of the chamber were
packed before the beginning of the
session. Intense excitement charac
terized the gatitering and at the close
of the reading of Hluerta's resigna
tion the Deputies and spectators
broke into loud and continued ap
After the acceptance of Huerta's
resignation, a commission was ap
pointed .by the president of the cham
ber to escort Senor Carjabal to the
floor of the House. Senor Carbajal
soon appeareil in front of the cham
ber, passing through files of soldiers.
He entered, and as he walked to the
platform the Deputies stood. Speaker
Manuel Mercado then administered
Kicked Man Off Train.
Auditor F. H. Landrum, a Southern
railway worker, has been arrested on
the testimony of four men, who de
clare that he kicked F. P. Wynne
oc his train near Brunswick, Ga.,
when the latter refused to pay Sun
day. The dead body was found near
I. W. W. Seeds Emissary..
minent part in the labor troubles in
Massachusetts last year hnad arrive4
in Greenville for the purpose of bois
tering up the opposition of the mill
BRYAN FOR SUFFRAGE
SECRETARY OF STATE WOULD
GIVE WOMEN VOTE.
Comes Out Unequfvocaly forldiving
Franchise to Those Who Protect
Secretary Bryan in a formal state
ment Thursday came out for woman
suffrage. He declared he would ask
no political right for himself he was
not willing to grant his wife, and
announced he would support the pro
posed State constitutional amendment
extending the franchise to women to
be voted on in Nebraska next Novem
Woman, Mr. Bryan said, had prov
ed herself equal to every responsi
bility imposed on her, and would not
fail society in this emergency. Above
all other engagements for giving her
the ballot he placed "the right of the
mother to a voice in the molding of
the environment of her children".
"The mother," the secretary said,
"can justly claim the right to employ
every effective weapon for the pro
tection of those whose interests she
guards,.but the ballot will put within
her reseh all the instrumentalities of
government, inclding the police
"As man and woman are cotenants
of the earth," the statement says,
"and must work out their destiny to
gether, the presumption is on the
side of equality for treatment in all
that pertains to their joint life and
its opportunities. The burden of
proof is on those who. claim for one
an advantage over the other in deter
mining conditions under which both
shall live. Objections raised to wo
man suffrage appear to me to be in
valid, while the arguments advanced
in support .of the proposition in my
judgment are convincing.
"The first objection I remember to
have heard was that as woman can
not bear arms she should not have a
voice in deciding questions that might
lead to war or in enactment of laws
that might require an army officer to
enforee. This argument is seldom
offered nov, for as civilization ad
vances laws are obeyed because they
are an expression of public opinion.
As we look back over the past, we
may well wonder whether the peace
movement would not have grown
more rapidly had women been con
sulted before hostilities began.
"Second, some urge that woman's
life already is full of care and that
the addition of suffrage rather would
overburden her or turn her attention
away from home duties. The answer
made is that the exercise of the fran
chise might result in a change of
thought- and occupation that would
relieve the monotony of woman's
work. Surely the home will not suf
fer if the mother, the child's first.
teacher, is able to intelligently dis
euss with her family the science o
government and the art of success
fully administering it.
"Third, many well meaning men
nd women affirm that suffrage
would work a harm to woman by les
soning the respect in which she is
held. This argument would have
more weight had it not been employ
a dagainst every proposition advanc
ed in favor of the enlargement of
woman's sphere. This objection once
was raised to the higher education of
woman, but it no longer is heard.
"These objections, however honest
ly advanced, have proven impotent'
to retard woman's progress."
Board of Health to Look Over South
In view of the alarming increase in
pellagra in the last year in South
Carolina, the state board of health is
planning a complete survey of the
state, to take place in the first part1
of August. Dr. James A. Hayne,
state health officer, is in receipt daily
of letters from all parts of the state
describing outbreaks of the disease in
new towns and epmmunities, where
it was hitherto unknown.
There are in South Carolina at the
present time 3,000 cases of pellagra.
Of these, almost 600 are in the coun
ty of Spartanburg. The death rate
from pellagra is unusually high,
eight dying out of every 100 attacked.
as compared with a death rate of s~x
out of every 100 of typhoid fever.
Dr. Hayne was notified Tuesday
morning of a family of six in Chester
field, all of whom had pellagra. A
fact that has become more apparent
recently in respect to the disease is
that where one in a family has it the
rest of the family sooner or later get
WILL SEPERATE FIGURES
Long Staple to Have It's Own Gove;-n
ment Cotton Report.
Chairman Lever of the house com
mittee on agriculture Tuesday held a
conference with Secretary Houston
and Mr. Estabrook, chief of the bu
reau of statistics for that department
as a result of which the bureau of
statistics hereafter will in its average
and condition reports and its estimate
of the final yield of cotton show the
acre age. condition and final yield o.f
upland long staple and ordinary cu;
The census bureau is already re
porting seperately on upland losg
staple cotton and has been doing so
for several years at the request of
Representative Lever. It is thought
that the department of agriculture
likewise report seperately, and it has
been agreed that this shall be done.
Atlanta Gets University.
The M. E. Church, South, has se
lected Atlanta as the'site for its east
ern university. Asa X. Candler hash
FEATHERS ON LE63
POLLOCK SAYS GOVERNOR PLAYS
TURKEY AT MEETINGS.
0006ES HIS OWN RECORD
Cheraw Man Says Blease Won't Stay
on Stand and Hear What Others
Have to Say-Says His Conscience
Pricks Him for Hitting A Dead
Corpse so Hard.
The first half of the senatorial
campaign concluded Thursday with
the Walhalla meeting, Oconee being
the twenty-second county visited. The
meeting was marked by the charge
by W. P. Pollock that Gov. Blease
had feathers on his legs. This speak
er said that he knew all along that
the chief executive's record was bad,
but that he did not know until the
campaign had operied that the gov
ernor's lower limbs were trimmed
vith feathers. This, he said, in expla
nation of the governor's failure to
stay on the stand while the other
candidates are speakidg.
Mr. Pollock further explained that
he didn't attack any man behind his
back. 'He added, however, that
though the governor "played turkey"
and ran away, such action would not
deter him from holding up the gov
ernor's record In all its nakedness.
Senator Smith added a feature
when he read an affidavit from C. P.
Moorer of Dorchester county, saying
that Senator Smith was in St. George
the night the Haskell convention was
held. Mr. Moorer also made oath
that he reminded Senator Smith the
next morning that the newspaper re
ports were that the senator was a
delegate to the convention and that
he then asked hom he could be in two
places at the same time.
Gov. Blease declared that he would
not be a candidate for the United
States Senate in the general election
if he is defeated in the primary. He
stated that he had already pledged
himself to abide the result of the
L. D. Jennings, the first speaker,
explained the new primary rules, say
ing he had not heard them denounc
ed by anybody but certain candidates.
He asked why had the anti-Blease
people changed the rules if, as charg
ed, they benefited by the alleged
frauds committed in 1912? He said
that then both sides cried fraud; that
the anti-Blease crowd changed the
rules, and -now the governor and his
friends were denouncing them.
The speaker sorely regretted that
there were two factions in the State,
he said. On one side the race track
gamblers and blind tigers were try
ing to line up with them enough good
people that the government might be.
so conducted as to insure to these
lawbreakers' benefit. He did-not be
lieve that there were more than 35,
000 of these blind tigers, gamblers
and all other classes who hold the
law in utter disregard in the State.
It was his purpose in this campaign,
he explained, to open the eyes of the
other 35,000 who had been hood
winked into believing that this ele
ment represented the cause of the
He said he was satisfied that if Goy.
Blease went to the Senate about the
first thing he would do would be to
introduce a bill to turn all "buck nig
gers" out of the federal penitentiary.
He predicted that the governor will
be'beaten so badly on August 25 that
"he'll wake up in China or some oth
er uncivilized country, where he
ought to be."
Mr. Pollock began by saying that
he was completely exhausted by cam
paigning in Anderson Wednesday,
where he played the "salamander" in
digging a hole in the sand, putting
"Cole" into it, and then packing the
sand in on the governor. He said
that his conscience was beginning to
prick him, as he was now kicking a
Mr. Pollock said he was sorry the
governor would not sit in the stand
and hear his record discussed; that
not until the campaign opened did he
know the governor was "feather leg
ged", and that the governor knew his
record was so bad that he couldn't
hear it and keep his face, but "turns
turkey and runs away"
The speaker excoriated the gover
nor's pardon record, not numbering
the pardoned convicts, but measuring
them by the carload, of which there
were 12 or 15, he said. He answer
ed the governor's charges of negro
Republicanism by pointing out that
there are two Republican tainted
members on the governor's staff, and
one "Dago", who he had understood
had only recently made application
for naturalization papers.
Senator Smith said that when he
attempted to organize the farmers in
1904 he was told that it couldn't be
done: that he couldn't get them to
gether: that he couldn't make them
see. His efforts had been so success
ful, nevertheless, he said, that since
they had been organized, they were
so coming into their own that now
they couldn't be stopped. He illus -
trated by telling the joke of the back
woodsman who didn't believe that
there was such a thing as a "self
movin" engine. However, when the
old man saw the train whirl by, he
swore that it could never be stopped.
At the conclusion of his speech,
Senator Smith was presented with a
miniature bale of cotton, which he
said was the emblem of the South's
prosperity, and that it would become
his campaign emblem. It was said
that the little bale had been in
"storage" 15 years.
The governor was the last speaker.
He charged that two newspaper men,
under the .pretext of soliciting sub
scriptions. were following the cam
paign party from county to county.
Those he designated as "campfol
CALLS BLEASE DOWN
COLUMBI DOCTOR SAYS RICHEY
Dr. James H. McIntosh Says Neither
Dr. Knowlton or Himself Recom
mended the Release of Richey.
Dr. James H. McIntosh, a well
known physician of Columbia Thurs
day morning issued an emphatic de
nial of the statement made by Gov.
Cole L. Blease on Tuesday at Abbe
ville that he had made a report on
the condition of R. A. Richey, a con
vict in the penitentiary from Abbe
ville county, convicted of raping his
adopted daughter, to the effect that
Richey was a paralytic and that his
condition would improve if released
from confinement, which report the
governor used as the justification for
later pardoning Richey. Dr. McIn
tosh said that, on the contrary, he,
with the late Dr. A. B. Knowlton,'of
Columbia, had examined Richey and
had found that he was "feigning"
paralysis and had so informed the
Dr. McIntosh said that he,. together
with Dr. Knowlton, had been notified
by the governor that they had been
appointed a committee of two toin
vestigate the condition of R. A.
Richey of Abbeville, then at the State
penitentiary. This he and Dr. Knowl
ton had done and had found, after a
thorough examination of Richey, that
he was feigning paralysis and had so
informed the governor in a written
statement signed .both by himself and
Dr. Knowlton, a prominent pbysi.
cian of the city and of the State,
died on last Sunday in Columbia after
a prolonged illness, three days before
the statement made in Abbeville by
Gov. Blease. The following is a re
print of the report of the section of
Gov. Blease's speech made at Abbe
vine, in which he made reference to
the Richey case, as it appeared in The
k "The chief executive, saying that a
number of lies had been circulated
about the R. A. Richey case, stated
that he was not explaining or apolo
gizing for hii record, but he desired
to 'show up' the lies.
"The governor read a .number of
reports from reputable physicians,
among whom are Dr. James McIn
tosh and others, that Richey is a par
alytic and his condition would im
prove if released from confinement."
The following is the written state
ment of Dr.sMcIntosh, furnished a re
porter for The Record:
"It is true that I was appointed on
a committee by the governor to -ex
amine R. A. Richey. It is also true
that with the late Dr. A. B. Knowl
'on I did go to the penitentiary and
make such an examination. But it is
not true that the report of the said
ommittee signed by Dr. Knowlton
and myself in any way recommended
a pardon or parole of the said R. A.
Richey. The fact being that both Drs.
Knowlton and I fully agreed that hs
paralysis was feigned."
By Co-operation Transformation Can
be Obtained in Any Town.
If a single merchant in this town
were to adopt the permanent policy
of making his store attractive in all
possible ways he undoubtedly could
hold the best trade of his town In
the face of competition of every other
What is true of the individual
merchants is true of the entire vil
lage. All it needs to hold it trade,
and its population is to be attractive.
Attractiveness is of many kinds
and is composed of many elements.
Good roads, clean streets, low prices
and high quality will attract to and
generally hold trade for a village.
But shaded streets well sprinkled.
green lawns closely cropped, neatly
painted and well-kept houses and
out-buildings reflect a diligence and
prosperity that are almost as per
suasive as some of the more tangi
ble and material appeals of cost and
One may imagine, for example.
what a transformation could be ef
fected in this town if every window
n its business streets were occupied
by a flower .box filled with beautiful
fowering plants. Yet the thought
need not remain wholly imaginative;
for at a comparatively small 'cost to
each individual merchant such a
transformation could be effected.
Many of the largest stores and hotels
of the great cities have decorated
their windows in this way.
An example thus set by the mer
chants doubtless would be followed
by many citizens in the decorating
of their residences, and in a few
years our village would become
known far and wide for the beauty
of its homes and places of business.
The opening guns in the Fifth dis
trict congressional race were fired at
Chesterfield Tuesday when D. E. Fin
ley. the incumbent, and his opponent.
W. F. Stevenson, spoke to a small but
Policeman Kills Negro.
Although sorely wounded, Police
man A. L. Powell of Florence, Satur
day shot and killed William Rest. a
negro, who attacked him.
s cowardly liar, for saying that after
the governor's defeat in the primary,
he would go into the general election.
This, the governor said, was a lie, as
he had pledged to abide by the re
sut of the Democratic primary.
Gov. Blease made his characteristic
plea for racial preju~dices and put on
exhibit again the catalogue of Bene
ict college, in which is a picture of
the factulty with white members.
Newspapers too came in for some
abuse, and Senator Smith again ac
cused of being one of the 110 dele
MUST PROTECT SECRETS
GOVERNMENT ARRESTS AVIATOR
FOR TAXING PICTURES.
Photographs Published in a Western
Magazine Showing Defenses -of
Canal Causes Trouble.
Warrants for the arrest of Chas.
K. Field, editor of the Sunset maga
zine; Robert J. Fowler, an aviator;
Riley A. Scott, a writer, and Ray A.
Duhem, a photographer, were issued
Friday at the request of John W.
Preston, United States attorney at
San Francisco. The charge against
all four is the disclosure of military
secrets. The penalty is ten years'
Imprisonment or a $10,000 fine for
such disclosure if made abroad, and
one year, or a $1,000 fine, if made
in the United States.
In April Sunset published an arti
cle entitled "Can the Panama Canal
be Destroyed from the Air?" Re
productions of photographs taken
from an aeroplane and showing
some of the fortifications of the canal
zone and the San Francisco presidio
accompanied the text. As soon as a
copy of the number was called to the
attention of the war department it
requested -Preston to investigate.
Field, Fowler, Duhem and Scott
were served with the warrants and
taken before United States Commis
sioner Francis Krull. They were re
leased on their own recognition. At
a special session of the Federal
grand jury the government will pre
sent its evidence and ask for indict
ments. - The editorial comment of
the magazine on one of the photos,
against which the war department
particularly complained, was as fol
"This is one of the most significant
photos ever published in tlis coun
try. Below the aeroplane from which
the picture' was taken lie the Naos
Islands, ifn the Bay of Panama, on
which the United States government
is mounting batteries of the heaviest
artillery In the world to protect the
Pacific approach of the Panama canal.
"Or the island, almost directly un
der Eft aeroplane, can be seen the
emplacement for the most powerful
weapon ever constructed, the first
sixteen-inch disappearing gun, which
has n effective range 'of about twelve
"Here is the significance of the
photo: The aeroplane might have
come- in time of war from a battle
ship out of range of the .big gun,
a safe height and carrying five
hunidred pounds of high explosives
instead of a camera. .Would not the
big gun be helpless against such a
The editor described the circum
stance In which the photo was taken
and who took it, adding: "Shortly
afterwards President Wilson issued
an executive order forbidding such
flights under heavy penalty. The
photos made on this flight probably
are the only pictures that ever will
be taken of the canal from the air,
except for purposes of war."
Ds. Babcock and Saunders Malilng
*Preparations In Columbia.
J. W. Babcock, M. D., former su
perintendent of the State Hospital for
the Insane, announced Thursday that
work had begun on the construction
of his private sanitarium, which will
represent an ultimate outlay of ap
The new hospital Is located on the
Camden road, two and one-half miles
from Columbia. One building has
been completed on the site for the
accommodation of several patients
and work is to begin next week on aJ
building, which will contains rooms
for 24 patients.
"For the present the new sani
tarium," said Dr. Babcock, will 'be
called the Waverley Sanitarium. I
have purchased 54 acres of land for
$25,000 and it is my purpose to even
tually buIld one of the most modern
institutions in the South." Eleanora
B. Saunders, M. D., former assistant
physician at the asylum, Is associated
with Dr. Babcock.
SHOT DOWN IN LOT.
Parmer is Killed by Men Thought to
Jess Fields, a white man living at
Five Forks, about three miles from
Clio, was shot and killed Wednesday
night about dark in his lot as be was
unhitching his horse from the buggy.
His wife was still in the buggy.
Fields, it is claimed, had been drink
ing some during the past week, and
his wife went to her father's, T. W.
Fields had just returned from her
father's farm with her in the buggy
when he- was shot by some one con
aled under the buggy shelter. He
was shot with af ull load of buckshot
in the side. He lived about four
hours. On good authority it is claim
ed he said before dying that his wife's
father did the shooting. Bloodhounds
from Columbia were put on a trail
and went straight to Williams'.
Militants Use the Whip.
Two London militant suffragettes
attacked the Secretary of State for
reland with a horse whip and were
only prevented from using it by the
attack of the secretary's butler upon
Two Burned to Death.
Two women were burned to death
and three others seriously hurt in a
fire which destroyed a Dallas, Texas,
boarding house Wednesday.
Tornado Hits Kentucky Town.
A tornado which struck Henderson,
Ky., Thursday did severe property
ama ..e manle several narnonn.
PARADE FOR SMITH
ANDERSON FARMERS LED THEIR
CANDIDATE TO STAND.
ANSWERS THREE CIAIES
Turning Aside From Cotton Speech
Senator Tells of Voting Money to
Family of Negro Lynched, Says He
Voted for Separate Apartments and
A feature of the Anderson meet
ing Wednesday was a pageant in
honor of Senator - Smith. When
the time arrived for the speak
ing to begin, a pageant of eleven
wagons twice circled the court house,
with the senator on the first, perched
high up on two bales of cotton.. An
other of the train bore the "hoe bri
gade," each occupant being armed
with one of these deadly goose-neck
One man, acting the part of a
clown, rode barebacked a dusky
mule, plastered with samples of cot
ton from its nose to the end of its
tail, the man himself wearing a mask
of cotton whiskers and a coat cov
ered with -splotches of lint. A brass
band of 12 pieces occupied another
wagon, and crashed out lively airs as
the parade went by. In the other
wagons were farmers, their wives and
daughters, there being in all 89 men
and 28 women. Four mounted scouts
led the procession, each bearing a
banner inscribed, "The Farmers'
Friend for the Senate, E. D. Smith."
Gov. Blease, who was the first
speaker, made his characteristic
"Haskellite" and, negro Republican
charges, and said that he had no
fears of any crowd that joined hands
with "free niggers". He said some
people may say that it is a horrible
thing for the governor of a State to
dvocate lynching. "But if I were not
governor," he went on, "I'd go along
and help. And as long as I'm gov
ernor I don't intend to do anything
to keep them from it."
L. D. Jennings spoke after the gov
ernor and began by reminding the
audiencp that the Biease forces had
often consoled themselves by saying
that all the fraud of two years ago
was on the "other side". He then
aseked: "Well, If all the fraud was
on the other side two-years ago, why
should the Bleasites complain when
those'rules are so framed that now
there can be no fraud?" This candi
date assured the Anderson people
that he had never gone into any fight
that he didn't stay in to ths finish,
and the governor's charge that there
would be withdrawing did not apply
Mr. Jennings drew much applause
when he discussed the appointment
of James L. Sims as United States
marshal. He concluded this part of
his speech by asking, "Which is the
greater offense, to have a man ap
pointed United States marshal who
had set type on a Republican paper.
or to appoint to your staff a man who
ran on the negro Republican ticket
in 1880, as dId J. P. Gibson, on the
-W. P. Pollock rec alled that the
governor had said repeatedly that he
would never explan or apologize for
a single act he had ever performed
or a word that he had ever uttered.
"Yet," the speaker went on, "he spent
three-fourth's of his, time yesterday
explaining the Richey case."
Mr. -Pollock again put on exhibi
tion his "mixed" Republican ticket
of 1880. He also reminded the au
dience that there was on the gov
ernor's staff, besides J. P. Ghibson,
who voted the Republican ticket, the
son of the owner of the newspaper
on which James L. Sims set type.
The speaker got much applause when
e referred to "Col. Sottile".
This candidate said he had heard
that a Greenville cotton mill opera
tive had applied for Harrison Neeley's
job to run the governor's automobile;
but had found that "Harrison Neeley
was good enough for the governor."
In speaking, Senator Smith said in
part: "I was surprised that any
Southern man, any South Carolinian.
seeing that splendid pageant this
morning, should dare to criticise any
cause for whom it was inaugurated,
because in that pageant there was a
combination which should fire the
heart of every South Carolinian. In
that parade there came into conjunc
tion this morning two things that
make out State prosperous and glo
rious-the silken fibre of cotton, in
which there Is every store and church.
every school house, the comforts and
convenience of every home, and wear
ing the bloom- from that cotton was
the pride and glory of South Caro
lina, her immaculate and matchless
womanhood. I want no grander em
blem for my coat of arms than the
bloom of the cotton worn by noble
South Carolina women. and I thank
God that was my badge this morn
Senator Smith tore off the mask of
indifference and cited his record in
answer to three different charges pre
ferred by the governor. The first
was that he had voted to pay $2,000
to a negro family In the event a
member of that family had been
lynched. "Tillman and the reform
party of South Carolina wrote that
into the organic law of this State.
and when I went to the State legisla
ture, I took a solemn oath that I
would 'preserve, protect and defend
the constitution of this State', and so
long as there Is law upon the statute
books or in the organic law of the
State so long, so help me God. I am
going to obey that law. I do not
propose to perjure myself, and per
jure my soul, if some people, a major
ity of them, have made a grievious
error, for I shall stand by that error.
if sc it be, ntil the sovereign peo
PLANNING FOR PEACE
CARRANZA EXPECTS TO MARCH
INTO MEXICAN CAPITAL.
First Chief Says Substitution of Car
bajal for 'Huerta Does Not Take
Away Demand for Reforms.
Fighting and bloodshed are at an
end in Mexico, if the plans announc
ed Thursday by Gen. Venustiano Car
ranza, first chief of the Constitution
alist army, go into effect. Gen. Car
ranza declared his main object now
would be to conduct negotiations for
the Constitutionalists to enter Mexico
City and establish their government
wihout further disorder, shedding of
blood or damage to property.
How these negotiations would be
arranged Carranza declared he had
not yet determined. He was unable
to say at this time whether they
would be conducted through the med
iators or direct with the Federals.
Unconditional surrender, however,
will be the only condition on which
the negotiations will -be successful.
Carranza declared that the "re
forms for which the Constitutional
ists fought must be obtained at what
ever cost". "The resignation of
Huerta and the substitution of Car
bajal in itself will not cause the Con
stitutionalists to compromise on a;
single point, the principles upon
which the movement was founded,"
said Gen. Carranza.
"If the government machinery
which through those ends may be
obtained is not surrendered volun
tarily by the party "f Huerta, they
will be obtained by force."
Because of the effort to make the
installation of the Constitutionalists
a peaceful one, Gen. Caranza said it
would probably be a month before he
entered Mexico City. He stated that
he did not believe that Carbajal was
strong enough to handle effectively
the reins of power passed over to him
Gen. Carranza reiterated, however,
that the Constitutionalists would ac
cept .nothing short of complete sur
render. In a statement the first chief
"Undoubtedly the first move of the
successor of the usurper Huerta will
be to open negotiations with the Con
stitutionalists for a complete surren
der. This is the logical deduction of
the action he will take. Nothing less
than a complete surrender will sat
isfy the Constitutionalist. However,
if Carbajal fails to take this measure
to bring about peace in Mexico, we
shall continue to fight our way to
victory, which already is assured. We
are fighting for justice for the Mexi
can people and are certain our efforts
will be crowned with success. A
quick victory by the advance of our
troops is a certainty if it does not
come through unconditional surren
pie have corrected it.
"He said I had voted against the
'Jim Crow' car bill. Mr. Pollock, who
is on this platform to-day, had offer
ed an amendment, or a stubstitute to
have separate coaches for the races.
Turn to page 423 of the House Jour
nal of 1898, and read 'the record of
the vote of those who voted with
Banks Caughman when the other
substitutes had been laid on the table,
to put a division in our ocaches, thus
separating the races, and if you do
not nd tiihat E. D. -Smith voted for
the separate coach law I will quit this
"He called up the question of Mr.
Sims' appointment," Senator Smith
~went on. "That was Mr. Tillman's
appointment, but I gladly confirmed
him wen It came up, because I had
promised Mr. Tlllman that whomso
ever the president nominated for dis
trict attorney, as between Mr. Thur
mond, whom Mr. Tillman had named,
and Mr. Weston, whom I had named,
we would confirm, and that I would
acquiesce in the appointment of Mr.
Sims for United States marshal. I
,stood for Mr. Weston for district at
torney and I won my fight. Mr. Wes
~ton was my friend. He went from
one side of this country to the other,
~giving his time and spending money
with E. D. Smith, fighting the battles
'of the people for better prices for
cotton, and that is more than these
other lawyers were doing.
"When I had an office to give, I
gave it .to the man who had helped
to put shoes on my babies' feet, who
had helped me to put bread in their
mouths, who had helped me to clothe
their backs, who had helped me put
knowledge in their brains, and I do
not give a hurrah, whatever else he
might be, except a Republican; I do
not give a continental so long as
when 'the people called he responded.
"I would infinitely rather appoint
a poor typesetter working to make
an honest living, whose heart was
loyal to Democracy, who in the stug
gle for the -necessities for life was
working to make an honest dollar,
who of necessity had taken a job as
typesetter, even on a Republican pa
per, in order that he might keep soul
and body together, who, even while
his heart was breaking his soul was
marching with Hampton in that gal
lant fight to redeem South Carolina
from the rapine and lust of negro
rule, I say that I would rather ap
point him than as a colonel on my
staff a white South Carolinian who
was running on a Republican ticket
with negroes to keep their heels upon
Lightning Hills Negro.
John Aiken, a negro farm hand of!
Saluda county, was struck by light
ning and killed Thursday afternoon.
The mule he was plowing at the time
Shoots Sweet heart and Self.
Decoying his sweetheart. Miss Alice
Wallace, into a telephone booth at
San Francisco Thursday George Aus
STORY OF HIS FALL
RULE Of PRESIDENT IUERTA AS
WILSON PULLS fIl OWN
Refusal of American President to
Countenance the Dictator's As.
sumption of the Murdered Madero's
Power Causes the. Downfall of
Huerta After Long Delay.
Victoriano Huerta took oath as
provisional president of Mexico Febf
ruary 19, 1913, the day after Fran
cisco I. Madero had been arrested at
the national palace. Three days later
Madero and Jose Maria Pino Saures,
vice-president, were shot to death on
a midnight ride under guard from
the palace to the penitentiary. . The
manner of their death never has been
One of Huerta's first acts as pro
visional president was to telegraph
William H. Taft, then president of
the United States, the following mei.
sage: "I have the honor to Inform
you that I have overthrown this gov
ernment. The forces are with me and
from now on peace and prosperity
The republic immediately was
plunged into civil war again-notwith
standing Huerta's issuance of a proO
lamation of general amnesty. The
Sonora State congress officially repu
diated the provisional government be
fore Huerta had settled himself com
fortably in the presidential chair.
Zapata,. revolutionary leader -to the
south of the capital, after negotiating
a few days with the new regime,
went back to his guerilla campaign.
Salazar, one of the highest gen
erals in the army, denounced Huerta.
Carranza, Constitutionalist leader In
Chihuahua, assailed him in a bitter
statement made public at San An
tonio. Francisco. Villa announced
himself an adherent of Madero and
joined the ranks of the Northern
army. Of the clan of northern revo
lutionaries Pascual Orozco was the
lone notable figure among the disaf
fected who declared for the new gov -
President Taft, nearing the end of
his term, left to his successor the
3blem of adjusting diplomatic rela
tions with Mexico. To Woodrow Wil
son, Huerta sent felicitations on the
day of the American president's Inau
Hampered at the outset of his-ad
ministration by the refusal of the
United States to recognize him,
Huirta soon faced growing difficulties
in raising funds to run his govern
ment. His -uneasy hold upon affairs
was weakened by -ninor Constitu
tionalist victories in the north and by
recurring rumors' of a break with
Felix Diaz, nephew of Porfirio Diaz
and Huerta's ally In the overthrow
On May 1 Huerta announced he
would urge congress to- call elections
in October to* choose his- successor.
The congress selected October 26 as
the date of the election and a decree
to that effect was issued by Huerta
on June 3. Felix Diaz, who had an
nounced himself as a candidate for
the presidency, was sent to Japan on
Henry Lane Wilson, the American
ambassador, was recalled to Wash
ington and Nelson O'Shaughnessy,
charge d'affaires, was left in charge
of American Interests In Mexico.
Early in August It became known
that President Wilson intended to
send John Lind, former governor of
Minnesota, to Mexico as his personal
representative in an endeavor to ar
range a'basis for the republic's peace.
Huerta announced he would not tol
Nevertheless Mr. Lind delivered
his note from President Wilson.
Huerta refused all proposals made by.
the American, chief of which were
the suggestions that he resign and
that he not me a candidate on elec
tion day. Relations between Mexico
and the United States became acute.
President Wilson proclaimed his poli
icy in an address before congress.
Huerta was attacked in the Mexi
can Senate on October 5 by Senator
Dominguez who spoke what was in
the minds of himself and some of his
colleagues. Dominguez disappeared.
To this Huerta's reply was dramatic
and swift. He marched a column of
troops to the chamber and threw 110
deputies into prison. Next he dis
solved congress and took~ unto him
self the legislative authority, calling
for an election of new members on
October 5. Through Mr. O'Shaugh
nessy, the United States made repre
sentations against violence to the Im
When it became certain the elec
tions had resulted in no constitu
tional choice because of the failure of
voters to go to the polls; the Ameri
can government peremptorily called
on Huerta to resign. In a statement
to the diplomatic corps on Novem
ber 9 he announced that he would de
clare the result. of the election null
and order another election. . On
November 13 Huerta refused to ac
cede to the American demand for his
resignation and John Lind left Mexi
co City for Vera Cruz. Meantime the
United States dispatched warships to
the Mexican coast and Americans
continued to leave Mexico.
Rain Sinks Coal B3agres.
Thirty-one coal barges, loaded with
a thousand tons of coal each, sank at
Lobdell, La., Wednesday because
they had been floded by the unprece
dented railfall of the previous two
Three Girls Drowned.
Three girl patients of the Mass
achusetts sanitarium were drowned
while in swimming Wednneay.