Newspaper Page Text
vOL. xxviii MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY.AUGUST 12, 1914
SEATS of wAR GIVE oUT SEATI
EAS of IAR
SEA HFRT UNONFRUED
France and Germany Are Said to be
Concentrating Their Armies for Do
delve Conflict on Border-Eritish
Admiralty Refuses to Confirm
Naval Battle Rumors.
Complete silence reigns as to mili
tary movements in both Germany and
France and it is assumed both armies
are concentrating for decisive battles.
No hint as to where they will come
into contact has been given.
Winston -Spencer Churchill, Arst
lord of the British admiralty, Friday
declared in the House of Commons
there had been ni fighting or losses
other than had been annoinced offi
claWy. This statement ensued on re
ports of a naval battle between Ger
man .and British ships, but the ad
mirity refused information. It was
garded as significant that the fish
ing tfests in the east coast of England
were given permission to go' out to
Liegie, Belgium, was again attacked
.1by Germantroops Thursday night,
but was still ok~' 'g out. The report
of a Geiman reversethere was denied
in a dispatch from Berlin.
The German cruisers Goeben and
Breslau, obliged, owing to Italian
utrality, to -leave. San Salvatore,
Icily, have gone ou to me t the Brit
Ilb fleet. The commanders are said
to have handed their wills to the Ger
man consul before departure.
A.London newspaper report says
the German crown prince has been
erously injured by an unidentified
A Finn sea captain at Stockholm
sported the Russian navy bottled ur
at.Helsingfors'and the Russian portE
-ofibau and Reval burning after an
- attack by German vessels. No confir
mton has been made.
Many German merchant vessels
r brought into English ports Fri
day by British cruisers. The Holland
Cyd steamer Tubantia, with $2,
90,000 from South America for the
.Deutsche Bank in London, was aisc
"i ought in.
French warships also captured sev
assl German merchant ships.
-The French' premier. appealed tc
women of France to gather the
hbet and wine -cr'ops
Toltio-reports the German squad
on at Tsing-Tau, China, hemmed in
by British war vessels.
The British tank steamer San Wil
edo is reported destroyed by a min
Ceuxhaven, Germany, and the Brit
a4u steamer Craigforth was beachec
arConstantinople after contaet
~~*Sand London send .uneonfirm
AG-isatcesconcerning the fighting
-' Lege, Belgium. -The French tele
Sstates that fierce fighting con
3uSin the streets, while the Lon
-on message reports the German at
pcers asking for an armistice of 24
-Persistent reports of an importan
Reincounter betweenL the German anc
d-ritsh fleets in the North Sea kept
Ethe British public in a state of agi
S tatlon throughout the forenoon. Th%
rexitement was not allayed until th<
$ frst lord of the admiralty made offi
ca! announcement in parliament
hat stories of fighting and losses oth
- r than those of the British cruiser
Amphion and the German mine layer
Koenigin Luise were unfounded.
News from the German side wai
extremely meagre, owing to interrup
.tion of direct telegraphic communica
tion. Denials came from Berlin by
way of other countries of the repulse
of the German forces before the Bel
gian city of Liege. Belgian sourceE
declared the attackers had been
checked with heavy losses.
Movements of the great aggrega
tions of troops which must by thit
ime- have gathered at their spring
lg off points on the German fron
tiers, facing both the Russian and the
French armies, are kept from public
knowledge. Military authosities in
London, however, are of the opinion
that preparations must be almost
complete for a forward move which'
will give some indication of the plan
The French army authorities have
also raised a heavy screert to hide
their war moves. They seem entire
ly satisfied with the manner in which
the men of the nation responded to
a call to arms and they declare every
preliminary move to have been car
ried out according to the plans draft
ed by the popular commander-in
chief, Gen. Joseph Jeff re.
From far off portions of the world
where Germany, England and France
have colonies, all of which are in a
state of defense, only brief dispatches
trickle over the wires. These indi
cate that small engagements have oc
curred, especially in Chinese waters
where French, German, British and
Russian war vessels are stationed.
The most important news from that
quarter is the report that the British
squadron lias hemmed in the German
vessels at Tsing-Tau which is strong
ly fortified and has a numerous gar
rison of German troops.
British Cruiser Hits Mline.
The British~ cruiser Amphion, 3,440
tons and carrying 292 men, struck a
torpedo Thursday and sank, carrying
131 men to their death.
Radio Stations Neutral.
The Uinited States government has
Issued an order to all of its radio
stations to remain strictly neutral in
PULL OFF FIST FIGTf
MOORE AND WHJLS GO A ROUNI
Candidates for Adjutant and Inspec
tor General Rush Together Ove
A fist fight between M. C. Willis
and his opponent, W. W. Moore, Ad
jutant General, featured the meeting
at Yorkville Thursday, working the
crowd up to wild pitch of excitement.
Mr. Willis was saying that Gen.
Moore had been criticising him and
the Yorkville Company, and said his
people knew he was a truthful man.
"If there is one thing I have handed
down to my children it is a reputation
for stainless integrity, and any man
who intimates otherwise tells a false
hood as black as any which emanates
from the pits of hell," he stated.
Adit. Gen. Moore rose fiom his
seat, walked up to Capt. Willis and
said, "Do you refer to me?" On Capt.
Willis saying, 'Yes," Gen. Moore
struck him, the blow falling on Capt.
Willis' ear. Capt. Willis hit back,
the lick landing on Gen. Moore's face.
More blows followed, but Chairman
McDow and police rushed in, and as
sisted by several of the crowd, which
had rushed on the stand, separated
By this time the crowd which pack
ed the stand frantically gave- advice,
some of Mr. Willis' partisans demand
ing thit~Gen. Moore be removed from
the stand. The'chief of poliae was
standing by the Adjutant General
while friends surrounded Capt. Wil
lis. Yielding to the reqests of Chair
man McDow the people left the stand
and quiet being restored Capt. Willis
.oncluded his speech. He told the
people they could now decide for
themselves who was telling the trth,
getting an ovation and flowers when
It looked for a while as if the
crowd was not going to let Gen.
Moore speak, for the cries of the Wil
is followers kept up .1 din. Capt.
Willis asked his people to accord
Gen. Moore a hearing and Chairman
McDow pleaded for quiet. Tbe peo
ple yielded and quieted down and
AdJt. Gen.- Moore began his speech.
The Adjutant General said he regret
tel the occurrence and apologized to
.he crowd, but sala, "Never so long
as -I live will I allow an insult like
that to go unresented," saying there
was not a man in the crowd with any
backbone but who would not have
lone as he did.
He said Capt. Willis had itarted,
'he trouble by his criticism at Mar
ion of the manner in which he had
gotten his endorsements from the Na
:onal Guards, and said that Capt.
Willis had precipitated the whole
trouble He said Capt. Willis had
3ome to Yorkville, where he was sur
:ounded by all his friends, to do this.
"The idea of a number of men
iumping on one man," he exclaimed.
"I will take any number single-hand
d," he told the crowd, which again
began showing their resentment by
eering remarks, but Mr. McDow ad
monished Gen. Moore and the flurry
passed. Gen. Moore took up the rest
af his time with a defence of his ad
ministration. The fight between the
andidates for Adjutant General, who
were among the earlier, speakers,
drew people like a loadstone and
nearly a 'thousand men were gather
ed around the stand.
DIE IN WRECK.
Thirty-eight Passengers Are Killed at
U Joplin, Mo.
Thirty-eight persons were killed
and 25 injured in a collision between
northbound passenger train No. 2 on
the Kansas City Southern railway
and a Missouri & North Arkansas
gasoline car, running on the Kansas
City Southern tracks near Tipton
Ford, ten miles south of Jopin, Mo.,
Wednesday night. Mistaken orders
are said to have caused the accident.
According to reports both the mo
tor car and the train' were running
at a high rate of speed when they
met at Tipton's Ford, a small siding.
With the collision came the explo
sion of the gasoline reservoir of the
motor car, setting both the motor car
and the train afire. Every person in
the motor car was killed, it is said.
None of the passengers on the train
Canada Buys Two Submarines.
Two powerful submarines, 125 feet
long and with a tonnage of 420 tons,
buIlt at Seattle for the Chilean gov
ermenit, have been purchased by
German Eagle Torn Down.
The double eagle over the German
consulate at Vancouver, B. C., was
tourn down Wednesday by a mob
which threatened to destroy the con
Agreement in Mexico.
President Carbajal and Gen. Car
ranza Wednesday reached a full
agreement for the turning over of the
Mexican government to the victorious
Germans Repulse Russian Cavalry.
A force of Russian Cossacks which
attempted to overrun the German
frontier guard at Solden, in East
Prussia. Thursday were repulsed with
Aircraft Shot Down.
A German dirigible was brought
down near Herve by the fire of a Bel
gian fort. Another aeroplane flying
1,500 feet high was brought down by
a bullet which wounded the pilot.
Spartanburg county has enrolled
11,929 voters for the coming- primary
M1R$. WILSON DIES
PRESIDENT'S lIFE PASSES AWIM
AT TIE 1ITE HOUSE
HER END IS PATHETIC
President Wilson and His Three
Daughters Are Present at Death
Bed-President Seems Almost
Prostrated With Grief, But 'Brave
ly Bears Shock of His Loss.
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, wife of the
president of the United States, died
at the White House at 5 o'clock
Thursday afternoon. Death came
after a struggle of months against
Bright's -disease with complications.
The president was completely un
nerved by the shock and his grief was
heartrending. He bore up well un
der the strain, however, and devoted
himself to his daughters.
The end came while Mrs. Wilson
was unconscious. Her illness took a
turn for the worse shortly before 1
o'clock in the afternoon and from
then on she gradually grew weaker.
Kneeling at the bedside at the endb
were the president and their three
daughters. Dr. Cary T. Grayson, U.
S. N., and a nurse were in the room
and just outside a door were Secre
tary McAdoo and Francis B. Sayre,
Mr. Wilson's sons-in-law, and Mr.
Tumulty, his secretary. Both houses
of congress adjourned when Mrs.
Wilson's death was announced and
for a brief time the wheels of the
government virtually stopped.
The beginning of the end came at
10 o'clock Thursday morning, when
Dr. E. P. Davis of Philadelphia, who
had been called in for consultation,
realized the time for hope had pass
ed. ,He took the president into the
Red room and there in broken voice
told him the truth. Mr. Wilson's
face blanched, but he .bore the shock
well. He was informed the end was
a question of hours.
Mr. Wilson then took his daugh
ters, Mrs. W. G. McAdoo, Mrs. Sayre
and Miss Margaret Wilson, aside and
told them. Until then they had
thought there was a chance for her
From that time on the president
and his daughters remained constant
ly at the bedside. The president held
his wife's hand and the three daugh
ters were grouped nearby. Until she
became unconscious Mrs. Wilson fre
quently nodded to one or the other
and smiled cheerfully.
During the day Mrs. Wilson spoke
to Dr. Grayson about the president,
of whose health she thought more
than her own.
"Promise me," she whispered
faintly, "that if I go you will take
care of my husband-"
It was the same touch of devotion
which she so many times has re
peated, her constant anxiety having
been that the president might not
worry about her or be disturbed in
The president returned to the sick
room from the last conference with
the doctor, his three daughters lean
ing on his arm. Francis Bowes Sayre
and Secretary McAdoo and Secretary
Tumulty stayed outside the door...
Mrs. Wilson lapsed into uncon
sciousness but rallied. By 1 o'clock
she .began to sink rapidly. She still
could recognize those about her and
looked cheerfully toward them and
At 2 o'clock Mrs. Wilson still was
conscious, but her strength almost
had departed and a few minutes later
she sank into the sleep of uncon
sciousness from which she never
awoke. For three hours the presi
dent and his three daughters gazed
longingly into her eyes in the hope
that she might speak again, but she
The sun was casting its long shad
ows from the Potomac to the south
grounds, coloring the fountains, gar
dens and elms. There was hushed
stillness in the upper apartments. All
eyes were turned towards the south
west corner of the house.
Just at the 'hour of five death
came. The president and his daugh
ters were in tears. Secretary Tumul
ty walked slowly to the executive of
fices, his head bowed. Quietly he
announced to the correspondents that
the end had come.
A pall of gloom settled over the
executive mansion and the offices.
Presently Dr. Grayson, his face hag
gard and worn from a day and night
vigil, came to the office. There was
an impressive silence everywhere.
Secretaries, attaches, clerks and ser
vants seemed overcome.
Vice-President Marshall and mem
bers of the cabinet and the leaders
in congress were notified. Both
houses promptly adjourned. The flag
on the White House dropped, gates
were closed and the silence of death
spread over the .White House for the
first time since 1892, when Mrs. Ben
jamin Harrison passed away.
Mrs. Wilson had told the president
in the morning she would more cheer
fully "go away'' if the bill for the
improvement of Washington alleys
was passed by congress. A word to
leaders from Secretary Tumulty and
the measure was adopted in silence
by the Senate and soon reported in
the House, where it was passed Fri
Mrs. Wilson learned the measure
would be a law in another day or so
and expressed her satisfaction. She
had become deeply interested in the
social welfare of the community and
had worked always without seeking
aid of the president. It was the
strain of this, the duties of entertain
ment and kidney trouble, which be
came chronic last autumn, that sap
ped her life.
Both houses of congress adjourn
ed as mark of respect.
Mrs Wilsn hahben in por
health since last February when she
fell and strained her spine. She later
recovered from that injury, but in
the meantime kidney trouble set in,
and gradually she grew weaker and
About two months ago her condi
tion began to grow serious and two
weeks ago Dr. Grayson became alarm
ed. 'Noted specialists were called in
and trained nurses were kept in con
stant attendance. She continued to
grow worse, however, until serious
,sinking spells came Monday and
'Tuesday. Mrs. Wilson was 50 years
old and when she came to the White
House was in robust health.
Mrs. Wilson was Miss Ellen Louise
Axson, daughter of a Presbyterian
clergyman, and was born in Savan
nah, Ga. She was a student at the
New York Art league when she met
Mr. Wilson, who then was taking a
postgraduate course at Johns Hop
kins. The president and Mrs. Wilson
were married June 24, 1885. Mrs.
Wilson was a sister of Prof. Stockton
Axson, head of the department of
English literature at Princeton, and
of the wife of Dean Edward Elliott
A landscape gardener and a paint
er of well recognized ability, Mrs.
Wilson devoted much of her time to
artistic subjects. She took personal
charge of the gardens at "Prospect"
while Mr. Wilson was president of
Princeton and also of the White
House gardens. She had the appear-.
ance of what is called "an ourdoors
woman'. Her skin was smooth and
girlish, and her eyes, until recently,
sparkled with health. She was known
as a beautiful woman.
Mrs. Wilson's indoor life had been
devoted to books and artistic pur
suits. Her paintings have' taken
prizes in competition. Her social ob
ligations forced her to omit some of
her accustomed artistic and literary
recreation after she became mistress
of the White House, but as the "First
Lady of the Land" she was ever
ready with advice and material help,
wherever a good cause might benefit.
Her domestic life is described as
having been attractive. She had a
knowledge of the domestic arts, and
was a good cook. It is related of her
that she liked to prepare dishes or
have them prepared under her per
sonal supervision for the president,
and that she always made it a point
personally to prepare for him the
orange juice he has with his break
RACE INTO PORT.
Big British Liners Race From Ger
man Men or War.
Two transatlantic liners, flying the
British flag, bound into Halifax
Thursday as a haven from German
cruisers. The unexpected, arrivals
were the mammoth Cunard Liner
Mauretania and the .big Cedric, of
the White Star Line. \ Both had been
warned by the British cruiser -Essex
of the presence of hostile vessels in
North Atlantic waters and advised to
make with all speed for Halifax. The
Essex herself convoyed the Cedric in
It was early in the day when the
Mauretania surprised Halifax by
steaming into port. Arrangements
for convoying her passengers to New
Eork were still In progress when word
reached there that the Cedric also
was making for that harbor.
The Mauretania brought more than
1,600 passengers and the Cedric more
that 1,000. It already has been ar
ranged that the Mauretania's passen
gers proceed by the land.' The Ced
ric's master is awaiting orders as to
the disposition of those on board his
PRISONERS OF WAR.
Londoners See Eighty-Fve German
Reservists Marched Away.
Londoners had the first realization
of war brought home to them Thurs
day night when-hundreds of commu
ters taking their trains at the Vic
toria station were surprised to see 85
German prisoners guarded by English
soldiers with fixed bayonets. The
Germans were naval reservists taken
from their ships and made prisoners
A goodly number of naval reserv
ists and also some German army re
servists, who were attempting to pro
ceed to Germany, were held by the
authorities. Some persons in the
crowd in the station thinking the
Germans spies began to hiss them.
The demonstration was quickly silen
ced by cries of "shame". The Ger
mans seemed on the best of terms
with their captors.
Burned the Red Flag.
A hostile crowd of Englishmen
broke into a peace meeting being
held by an independent labor union
at Saffron, Walden, England. hauled
down their red flag and burned it.
Mob Ruins German Embassy.
A mob of Russians attacked the
German embassy at St. Petersburg
Wednesday night and burned the fur
niture after wrecking the building.
French Aid Travelers.
The government of France of its
own initiative Wednesday deposited.
several million francs to pay letters
of credit and travelers checks.
D~istributes Mail Free.
The French government has an
nounced its intention to transmit free
of charge all mail for the French sol
To Convoy British Ships.
An English cruiser is at present in
the Gulf of Mexico waiting to carry
four English freighters across the
Austria at War With Russia.
A nistria Thursday declared war on
STANDS BY HIS FRIENDS
GOV. BLEASE PARDONS ONE OF
Who Had Been Convicted of Most
Outrageous Conduct While a Rural
The Pee Dee Advocate, published at
Bennettsville, says Joe P. Hinson has
been granted a full pardon by Gov.
Blease before ever beginning to serve
his sentence. The Advocate says the
facts in this case are familiar to the
people of Marlboro.
Hinson was charged, while a rural
policeman, with shooting Walter
Pruitt, beating E. P. Barber over the
head with a pistol, punching 0. B.
Moye and Mrs. Moye in the stomach
with pistols while Mrs. MQye was in
a delicate condition, entering the
Moye's room and lying across their
bed and child in a drunken stupor,
befouling their bed clothing and room
and cursing and abusing Mrs. Barber,
and,-other outrageous conduct during
a night which he spent at the home
of E. B. Barber.
The county supervisor employed
two firms of attorueys and the county
paid them $100 each to defend Hin
son. His trial was put off from time
to time by his atterneys. After wait
ing for several months for a trial, Mr.
and Mrs. Moye returned to their Geor
gia home. Hinson was finally brought
to tiial in March, 1913, for shooting
Alter a very strenuous fight in his
behalf by the attorneys employed by
the county, Hinson was convicted by
the jury and was sentenced to six
months in the penitentiary. The at
torneys employed by the county ap
pealed in the case to the supreme
court, and Hinson was released on
bond The appeal has never been
argued in the supreme court.
The governor has now annulled the
verdict of the jury and the sentence
of the judge, and forestalled the ac
;ion of the supreme court. Hinson
was an ardent supporter of Gov.
Blease in his campaign for governor,
and it was freely predicted that he
would never allow him to serve sen
tence. There is a case still pending in
the court against Hinson for assault
upon E. B.. Barber. At the last term
f court the grand jury recommend
ed that steps be taken to reimburse
the county for money which had been
paid out. to attorneys to defend Hin
OFFERS GOOD OFFICES.
Wilson Addresses Rulers of Powers
Engaged in War.
President Wilson Wednesday offer- 1
ad his good offices to all the powers
nvolved in the war. The president
has sent the following message to -
Emperor William, Emperor Nicholas,
Emperor Franz-Joseph, President
oincare and King George:
"As official head of' one of the pow
rs signatory to The Hague conven
ion, I. feel it to be my privilege and
ny duty under Article Three of that
onvention to say to you in a spirit of
nost earnest friendship that I should
welcome an opportunity to act in the
nterest of European peace either
ow or at any other time that might
e thought more suitable, as an occa
sion to serve you and all concerned
n a way that would afford me lasting
ause for gratitude and happiness.
(Signed) "Woodrow Wilson"
PAROLED MAN SHOT
ort Mill Man Suffers Wounds WhIch4
May Prove Fatal.
Otis Hilton. who is said to have
een paroled from the State peniten
tiay by Gov. Blease some months ago
for the killing of a negro in Chester,1
was shot and seriously wounded in a
rug store at Fort Mill at 9 o'clock
uesday night by his second cousin,
Will F. Johnson. Three balls enter
d Filton's .body, though it Is not
hought that he is fatally wounded.
Johnson was arrested immediately
after the shooting and locked up.
Bad feeling is said to have existed
between the men for some time, and
when they met in the drug store
Johnson is said to have begun shoot
ing at Hilton without a word having
passed between them.]
French Socialists Will Fight. 1
At a mass meeting Tuesday the:
French Socialists determined to fight
for their country and not to attempt1
reprisals for the murder of their
leader, Jean Jaures, last Friday.
- Cruiser Takes Gold Abroad.
The armored cruiser Tennessee4
will start for Europe Thursday night
with nearly $3,000,000 government
'money for the relief of stranded 1
Amnerican Senator Marooned.
Fifty American commercial dele
gates, headed by Senator Dune
Fletcher of Florida, are now maroon
ed in Paris trying to get passage 1
Votes Sinews of War.
The English House of Commons
Thursday voted $500,000,000 in addi
tion to the $525,000,000 voted for
war purposes two days ago.
Tourists Come Back.
The President Grant, a tourist
steamer, reversed its course in mid
ocean Sunday and brought the sight
seers back into New York.
Sacked by Germans.
The French customs and telegraph
offices at Home Court and Joeuft. in
Meurthe-et-Moselle have been sacked:
by German infantry.
Australia Offers Help.
In assiting the empire to make war
on Germany Australia has offered to
end 20,000 men at her own expense.
SNEAKS FROM PORT
EUNARD LINER LUSITANIA TO
RISK GERMAN ATURE
SHIPS WATCHIN FOR HER
English Liner Leaves New York Har
bor While Warships of Three Na
tions Hover On Her Trail.-The
Chances Are For First Naval Bat
tle in Century Near Our Coast.
Three-British, one German and one
French man-of-war Wednesday night
were hovering off the New Jersey
coast, almost within striking dis
ance of New York These war ves
sels all have been watching the
steamship lanes presumably to cap
ture liners of hostile nations.
Steamships conditions off the
Ame-ican north Atlantic coast have
taken on some of the aspects of a
loeKade. Foreign vessels which ven
ture to leave New York go forth un
ler risk of capture. Others incoming
raveled for the most part at full
;peed ahead, regardless of danger in
larkness and fogs. Their wireless
reprators caught fragments of con
ersation between cruiser and cruiser
ut were unable to interpret what
hey overheard as the messages were
Each day the number of ships
aring to sail from New York to Eu
opean ports has been growing small
r. Wednesday only three went out
-the French steamship La Lorraine,
arrying 700 French reservists and
bout 300 other passengers; the
unard liner Lusitania, with 245
assengers for England and the
reek liner Athenian, with 800
reek, 200 Italian and a few Servian
eservists, for the Mediterranean.
Usually the Lusitania takes 'five
Lnd one-half days to make her Eng
ish port. This trip she will make
t in less than five days, it was de
lared on board before she sailed. .
The cargo of the Lusitania was
ept secret. It was said, however,
hat she carried only about $250,000
rL money. It was declared that Capt.
)ow, her commander, expected to re
eive orders at sea as to where he
hould put in. Also it was said that
he Lusitania -had an extra supply of
cal and the first officer added;
"We are prepared to cut anything
own we meet at sea."
The Lusitania was fitted up for
aachine guns on deck, but it was not
dmitted that such guns were on
oard, although it is believed they
The first of the German fighters t
rrive off the American coast, was
he d6rman cruiser Dresden. The
)resden, by wireless measures inter
epted at shore stations, revealed the
presence of a second German, the
Carlsruhe, and later the crackling
'ireless flung out across the sea milei
e intimation that not only the Brit
h Berwick, but the French Conde
rere within speaking range.
Then to these were added the Lan
aster and the Essex, which coaled at
~ermuda and left that port on a mys
rious mission only a few days ago.
Jd from some of the headless ru
ors along the water front in New
ork the German Stuttgart should be
.dded to the list.
The German's chances of capturing
e Lusitania are not believed to be
verbright, even were she not con
reyed. Such chances as they have are
ased solely on the Karlruhe. Neith
r the Drdsden not the Stuttgard is
'ated at more than 23 kncis, and it is
Loubtful if the Dresden, after a long
journ in tropic waters, could ap
iroach that speed.
The Karlsruhe, on the other hand,
s a new ship, nearly fresh from the
iuilders' hands, and while the secret
if her speed is unknown, it is known
he was built for 27 knots, and that
nost German ships have either
qualled or exceeded their designed
peed. On form, therefore, the
Carlsruhe must be conceded a chance
: capture the British liner.
The chances are heavily in favor
if the British and French in a sea
ight. So much so, indeed, that it
s most likely that the Germans
ould prudently trust to their speed
show the enemy a clean pair of
ieels. It would not be a sea fight,
robably, unless a running one, for
he three British ships and the
renchman are armored cruisers,
hile the three Germans are only
ight protected ships.
The Dresden and the Stuttgart car
'y only ten 4.1 inch guns apiece, and
he -Karlsruhe twelve of the same
alibre, while the three British ships
arry each fourteen 6-inch and the
onde has a battery of 7.6 inch guns
turrets and eight 6.4 inch in
If theis were not enough odds
Lgainst the Germans, Atlantic City
*eported wireless dispatches indicat
ag that not only the Conde, but the
escartes and Friant, French pro
ected cruisers were somewhere in
he vicinity There was a rush of
elantic Cityr residents to the tops of
)uildings, in the hope of seeing a
nval battle, when the news spread
Lbroad, but they were disappointed.
The Descartes and Friant are pro
ected cruisers. 3ach mounting four
.4 inch guns on deck, and having a
;peed of about twenty knots apiece.
But while the Germans are all
*ated as at least twenty-three knot
;hips or better, the Conde. the fast
st of the French. has never shown
etter than 21. The British ships,
aowever, are rated as practically as
cast as the Germans, and if they
atch a glimpse of the latter, may
e able to head them off, single-hand
If a sea fight actually does take
place in the waters off the Jersey
oast it will be the first in one hun
ired years. It was in the fall of
814 that Capt. Stephen Decatur of
Lhe U. S. S. President slipped out of
VeaYrkr harbor ndfer cover of(
CONTRABAND OF WAR
ENGLAND NAMES ARTICLES NOW
UNDER WAR BAN.
Proclamation Cabled to Washington
Follows Usul Line Calling Muni
tions of War Absolute Contraband..
Great Britain's contraband of war
proclamation was cabled to the State
department Thursday by Ambassador
Page. It placed arms, ammunition
and all distinctly military supplies on
the list of "absolute" contraband, and
designated food, grain, money, horses
and general supplies as "conditional"
contraband, subject to seizure and to
the contraband laws when Intended
for the use of a Power with which
Great Britain is at war. The procla
mation follows the usual lines, and
those issued by other countries in
volved in the war will be virtually
identical. It names the following as
1. Arms of all kinds and their
2. Projectiles, charges and cart
ridges and their distinctive compon
3. Powder and explosives specially
prepared for use in war.
4. Gun mountings, lumber boxes,
limbers, military wagons, field forges
md their distinctive component parts.
5. Clothing and equipment of a
distinctly military' character.
6. All kinds of harness of a dis
tinctively military character.
7. Saddle, draugh and pack ani
mals suitable for use in war.
8. Articles of camp equipment and
their distinctive component parts.
9. Armour plates.
10. Warships, including boats and
.heir distinctive component parts of
such a nature that they can only be
ised on a vessel of war.
11. Aeroplanes, airships, balloons,
md air craft of all kinds and their
omponent -parts, along with acces
ories and articles redognizable for
se in connection with balloons and
12. Implements and apparatus de
;igned exclusively for the manufac
ure of munitions of war, for manu
acture of repair of arms or-war ma
erial for use on land and sea.
The following will be treated as
2. Forage and grain suitable for
3. Clothing, fabrics for clothing
md b6ots and shoes suitable. for use
4. Gold and silver in coin or bul
Ion, paper money.
5. Vehicles of all kinds available
or use in war and their component
6. Vessels, craft and boats of all
:inds, floating docks, parts of docks
.nd their component parts.
7. Railway material both fixed and
olled stock, and material for tele
Taphs, wireless telegraph and tele
8. Fuel, lubricants.
9. Powder and explosives not spe
ially pirepared for use in war..
10. Barbed wire and Implements
or fixing and cutting the same.
11. Horse shoes and shoeing ma
12. Harness and saddlery.
13. Field glasses, telescopes, chro
ometers and' all kinds of nautical
S~MMONED TO ARMS.
erman Emperor Calls Men to De
fence of Fatherland.
The German emperor has issued an
rder to the German army and navy
n which he says:
"After 42 years of peace, I call
pon all Germans capable of bearing
rms. We have to defend our most
acred posessions in fatherland and
ome against the reckless assault on,
11l sides of enemies.
"That means hard fighting. I am
~onfident that the ancient warlike
pirit still lives In the German peo
e, that powerful warlike spirit
~vhich attacks the enemy wherever it
inds him, regardless of cost, and
which in the past has been the dread
nd terror our enemies.
"I have confidence in you, Ger
nan soldiers-in each and all of you.
.n ardent, indomitable will for vic
:ory is living in each and all of you.
know, if needed, each and all of
ou would die like heroes.
"Remember our greatest, glorious
past and that you are German. God
Eludes British Warship.
The German steamer Frieda Leon
Liart, loaded with two million feet of
umber, was chased into Jacksonville
arbor Wednesday by a British war
ship, which hung onto its course for
several hundred miles.
Vessels Fear to Quit Ports.
With British, French and German
arships hovering in the trans-At
lantic courses conditions on the North
Ltlantc shore have almost reached
Two Cruisers Reported Lost.
The Rusian cruiser Askold and the
erman cruiser Emden are reported
o have engaged in battle with the
resultant sinking of each ship near
ei-Hai-Wei, China. Thursday.
Canada Calls for Volunteers.
The Canadian government has call
d for 20,000 volunteers. They will
e mobilized at Quebec and trained
night in an attempt to run the Brit
ish blockade. He fell foul of the
British frigate Endymion, and while
ngaged with her was surrounded by
the whole British squadron and forc
ed, after a desperate action, to sur
BATTLE AT LIIE
fiERIANS HAKE FIERCE A1TACI
ESTIMATED LOSS 8,000
For Two Days Gun of Kaiser's Have
Battered the Walls of Liege-At
tackers Suffer Heavy Loss on the
First Day but Renew Battle With
Great Vigor on Next Day.
After having suffered a serious
check and heavy caulalties at the
hands of the Belgians at Liege Wed-.
nesday the German troops Thursday
returned to the fray with redoubled
ardor, and Thursday night were
pounding away at the forts- with
siege and field guns and rifles.
In the fighting of Wednesday the
estimates of the German casualties
run as high at 8,000 men. The inva
ders also are said to have lost a large
number of guns.
In one attack a German infantry
division supported by cavalry, march
ed onto mined grounr. The Belgians
detonated the mines and an entire
battallion of Germans were killed.
Wounded Germans to the number of
1,000 were picked up on the battle
field. It is estimated that in the fight
ing 40,000 Germans were faced -by
In the attack on 'ort Parchwn,
northeast of the city, the Beflans
permitted the Germans to draw up al
nost to the walls of the fortress. They
then turned loose their gurs and the
slaughter is reported to have been
appalling. Under the teirific. fire here.
and from the other forts the Germans
were forced to retire all aloni the
A detachment of Uhlans penetrat
ed the city of Liege Wednesday night
with the intention, it is suspected, of
capturing high officials. They had ar
-ived -at the building where the' of
icers.had quarters when they were
surprised and all of them killed.
-German shells Thrsday breached
the walls of two of the fortresses,
which were captured. From the- oth
r fbrts, however, the Belgians con
tinued to pour a deadly rain of shot.
and shell into the advancing Ger
The Germans were able to use'
their light siege guns against the
'orts of Liege, which are 30 years old.
wo of them are holding out. The
Belgians are making a determined
resistance before their city.
It seemed certain that the fortiff
cations could not stop the German
rmy, and the only question was
whether its advance could be delay
d. The fortifications already had
held for thirty-six hours and the
!ierce struggle the Germans had
made, and would still hive to make,
t was believed, would compel them
o pause and revictual.
If the German army succeeds in
estroying Liege it will find Itself
onfronted by an entrenched camp.
at Namur, at which the Belgians are
>repring to make a stand' as fierce
s that at Liege.. The Belgian army
as brilliantly fulfilling Its task of
felaying the German advance, and it
tppears certain the German pljan for
ampaign in Belgium would be bin-,
ered .by the obstinate stand of the
Despite the heroic resistance of the
Belgians' It is felt In Brussels that the
naders, by reason of their great
great strength, can not much longer
e denied 'and that ultimately they
nust gain the city of Liege, whence
hey are expected to press onward to
Camur in their effort to cross Eel-'
ium to the French frontier. At
Samur, which is strongly .fortified,
t Is asserted the Germans will meet
esistance as stronig as that at Liege.
The strategic importance of Liege
is many sided. Principally It Is the
ost strongly fortified obstacle to
he supposed plan of the Germans. to
ut across the lower half of Belgium
nto French territory, but in addition
o this the city is of itself a prize In
any ways. Liege is the Pittsburg
f Belgium. -
For miles to the southwest along
he river Meuse there are scores of
last furnaces, pudding furnaces,
olling mills and forges. It is the
site of the famous Cockerill Works,
said to be the largest manufactory of
achinery in the'world. Liege proper,
with a population of 168,000, lies at
he .junction of the Meuse and the
urthe in a basin margined by hills.
All around the city is a wealth of
oal and iron ore. The mines extend
even under the city and river. These
atural riches, in connection with the
avorable situation of the city at the
unction of two navigable rivers,
ave given rise to the extensive man
facturing industry in the city Itself.
The products are varied, but the
rinciple ones, and that which would
ake Liege .a valuable prize of war,
s that of firearms. More than 39,
000 persons are employed In the
anufacture of guns, ranging from
mall arms to the largest of modern
eapons. This is the royal cannon
actory and small arm factory also In
the suburb of St. Leonard.
In wars of the last century Liege
has played only a small part, but to
day the city is well defended with
odern fortifications. Its strength,
it is said, is far greater than gener
ally has been appreciated by strate
gists. In 1888 the Belgium authori
ties decided to adequately fortify
both Liege and Namur, the two Im
ortant points on the Mzuse. At each
place a number of detatched forts
were constructed along a perimter
rawn advance varying from within
four to six miles of the city. At
Liege twelve of these forts were con
structed. six on the right bank and
six on the left side of the river. All
f the forts have been kept fairly
well up to date. The heavy guns in
their concrete casements are raised