Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY,AUGUST 19; 1914
ERANS HIT BEL5IANS AD
Two IRUSIERS MEET
CENSORSHI IS STRICT
Owing to Cutting of German Cable
All War News Comes From Allies
-Battle In Belgium Hailed as Vic
tory and Sea Battle Has German
Cruiser on the Run.
News for the seat of war continues
to be vague and of the most unsatis
factory character. Practically, no
news comes from' the nations of the
- Triple Alliance, and the news from
the other countries is so censored by
war officials that what little reaches
America is only permitted to do so
when there is no chance of it assist
tng the enemy.
'ews is sent out from Brussels
through London that 10,000 - Gere
mans, comprising cavalry, artillery
and Infantry engaged a force of 7,
000 Belgians. in battle at Haelen.
"It is believed," says the dispatch,
"that the obje.-t of the Germans was
to take a position north of the St
Trond road at Tirlemont, from which
they could execute a turning move
umt against the Belgian army.
Through efficient cavalry recon
bnaiance the Belgian commander ob
tained accurate information of. the
movement of the attacking forces.
To reach Diest the Germans-had to
mos the river at Haelen, and before
this place the Belgians -took up their
rincipal position, erecting barri
cades, building intrenchments and
placing guns where they, could 'be
"The Germans came in sight sbout
1~elock in the morning and soon
the artilery on both sides came into
action The German fire had little
eet. The Belgian fire was deadly,
even at a range of 2,000 metres. and
played havoc with 'the German. cav
airy vhch, notwithstanding, con.
tfninet to advance.
-The cavalry -charged, but owinl
to edgesa and hillocks could attack
only in small groups. The Germans
again and again burled themselves
a: the, arricades, only to be shot
i rwnby the deadly Belgian fire.
The attack on the bridges-span
the' river was equally fierce.
ermmn officers urged their men to.
.11 attack to meet almost certain
Wtrom the Belzian' guns. Men
sfR like filee until, when
tshattered, the order for re
twas given at 6 o'elock In the
German defeat was complete,
loss amounting to more than
And they -retired in the great
er. At nightfall they'were
their way. hastily- towards
also comes of severe
between the outposts of the
and German armies near
onthe French frontier. This
,- ~to be a preliminary skir
pome great decisive battle
soon follow. 'According
ahes the French have WOD
*the skirmishes, but no word
from Berlin since the fall
also, reported that eight for
Ips are now in the vicinity
Francisco and a battle is im
News, comes of a battle be
an English cruiser and a Ger
Tuiser in the Atlantic. Rear
Cradd3ck, of the Britis'
-rports the battle as follows.
owere steaming north Thurs
ring last and the crew had
frmthe foremast. head came'
1 'enemy on, the port bow',"
-te ag captain of the Suffolk
official statement to-day.
- order 'clear ship for action'
~'~~Rthe port bow, 11 or 12 miles
, we could see the Karlsruhe
e Kronprinz Wilhelm. The
the North~ German Lloyd ship
-s 'we hurried down toward her
in the hope -she had run so
In her .bunkers that we cc'ild
s&5A soon as the Germans sighted
Sthey took to their heels. The
~3~s he did not even stop to pick
*'her boats. Her men clambered
Sabrdas best they could and she
~N~~~dto the northward while the
~'ynprinz Wilhelm steered to the
"-Nineteen thousand yards was the
losest we got to our quarry. The
Bristol was north of us, and the Ber
wick south. We called both by wire
less and ordered them to aid in th<
chase. The Berwick tried to cut off
the Kronprinz Wilhelm, while the
Bristol took a position to intercep'
the Karlsruhe. All afternoon we rac
ed -after the fleeing German. By 5
o'clock her smoke had disappeared.
-"At 9 o'clock that night a wireless
from the Bristol said, 'enemy in
sight.' A few minutes later came
the message, 'we're engaging the ene
"We had no fear of the result if
the German stood on' to the Bristol.
for we 'were all sure that our fel
lows could whip the Karlsruhe easily
at close quarters, but we raced on
for all we 'were worth."
Slain in His Office.
- E P. Emory of Chicago, a railway
man, was found slain in his office
Wednesday. Trhe general disorder
prevalent pointed to a hard strug
Americans Reach Home.
One thousand Americans arrived
in New York Wednesday on board
the liner Philadelphia, direct from
Three Persons Killed.
Three pasengers were killed when
a train plunged through a bridge
nea Ottawa, Can., Monday,
WATCHING FOOD PRICEI
WIISON INVESTIGATES RISE D
COST OF FOODSTUFFS.
President Starts Department Officials
Inquiry Into Alleged Artificial In
President Wilson Thursday set iri
motion the machinery of the fed
eral government to determine wheth
er the cost of living is being increas
ed "upon the pretext of the condi
tions existing in Europe." He call
ed upon Attorney General McRey
nolds to report it criminal prosecu
tions were warranted, and if any
new laws were necessary. The presi
dent may send a special message to
congress in the latter event.
Certain the country ought to be
defended if possible, the presdent
wrote to the attorney general,
"against men who would take advan
tage of such circumstances to in
crease the price of food and the dif
'ficulties of living." Within a few
hours from the time the president
acted three of the executive depart
ments of the government were mov
ing to learn the cause of the soaring
prices of food throughout the coun
Attorney General McReynolds set
at work the bureau of investigation
of the department of justice with its
hundreds of agents throughout the
coantry. Agents of the department
of commerce also were started upon
the inquiry, and Secretary Redfield
conferred with Secretary Houston of
the department of agriculture.
Some officials who believe the
greater porportion of price increases
have no connection whatever with
the European war but are the result
of. manipulations, attemptp at cor
aers or individual efforts of dealers,
contend that the "conspiracy" sec
ion of -the Sherman law covers the
situation. Attorney McReynolds,
however, will give an opinion on that
feature to the president later.
Congressmen who already have in
troduced resolutions to investigate
the rise in prices and others who are
preparing similar measures viewed
the action of the administration with
satisfaction. They pointed out that,
while -flour particularly had taken t
great jump in price, wheat exports
practically, are paralyzed and mil
ions of bushels are piled up in ele
vators or in freight cars strung
across the country. -
Secretary Redfield wrote Chairman
Adamson of the House commerce
committee suggesting an appropria
tion of $10,000 for his part of the in
"If the present temporary stops
age of trade with foreign countriei.
is made the basis for an attempt in
the country to put up prices artifi
-ially," said the secretary, "it is un
Datriotic. I may say even damnable"
The food question was the first in
'o which President Wilson plunged
when he went back to his desk after
bis return from Rome, Ga., where he
buried Mrs. Wilson.
TEMlS OF RICHAMi.
Cansler Says He Told Different Story
.In 1912 Campaign.
Cansler of Tii-zah, candidate for
railroad commissioner, has publish
ed the following card in The State:
I saw in your valuable paper '>f
'yen date, page sir, John G. Rich
-rds in su.bstance says that any one
mying in 1912 that he (Righarde)
old one party he wa's a Riessite-and
other he was a Jones man "was
1liar." I said so. I will not at
tempt to refer to the number of times
ichards did say'so. I thought so
'fttle of such a man then, and no r',
but if he will deny this I shall cite
him at least one case with proof.
I am on a bed of affliction, but I
im rapidly Improving.
Columbia hospitai, August 12.
DOESN'T WANT IT
Wendel Smith Would Avoid Support
of Men Like Chicco.
Speaking at Newberry Mr. M. L.
mth said that he had never voted
'or Blease in any of his races and
hat his anti-Bleaseism was well
'mown. He said that he was not
leadinkg for factionalism on one
tump and for peace and harmony on
mother. Mr.2Smith then went on to
-peak of the work of the State board
f health and favored its expansion.
"I do not want the vote," said Mr.
Smith, "and influence of such men as
Thicco of Charleston and would, un
er no circumstances, encourage or
ccept it. I have given men in Char
eston written statements to this ef
fect and have urged upon my friends
not in any way to solicit it but to
D)ROWNED IN WATER PAIL.
Child Was Playing in Kitchen and
Fell Into Vessel.
News has just reached Gaffney of
the death by drowning of a little
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Elbert Kel
ler. The little girl was only about
ten months old, and was playing
around in the kitchen alone, and fell
into a bucket filled with water and
was drowned when Mrs. Kellar found
it; sad to relate this couple had a
child drowned in a tub of watex
about ten years ago.
Ratifies Eighteen Treaties.
The Senate Thursday ratified trea
ties submitted by the president. Ac
tion of those for -Panama and the
Dominican republic were postponed
Calls Ambassadors Home.
The Italian ambassadors at Lon
don. Paris. St. Petersburg and Ber
ln have called to Rome to consult
wi,' th ministry about the war.
HAE MET BEFORE
ALUANCE AND ENTENTE, OFT
HAVE THREATENED WAR
PAST CLASHES FREQUENT
Story of the Political Intrigue of Eu
ropean Nations Which Has Finally
Blotted the World With Devasta
tion. How Austria Has Played
Her Diplomatic Cards Poorly.
For the third time in the last five
years the two great groups of Euro
peon powers, the Triple Aliance and
the Triple Entente stand face to face
with the obvious possibility that war
may result from the clash of rival
purposes. To-day Russia, France and
Great Britain are in one camp, Ger
many, Austria and Italy in the other,
and between the two lies the old
question of European balance of
In 1909, when Austria annexed
Bosnia, France, Great Britain and
Russia protested. The annexation
was in fact an express violation of
the agreemnt made in the great con
gress of Berlin after the Russo Turk
ish War It not merely increased
the territory of a member of the
Triple Alliance. but it extinguished
the hope of a little Slav state ro
cally, politically, religiausly related
At the critical moment in 1909
Germany appeare'd "in shining arm
or", declared for Austrian purposes
and threw her sworn into the bal
ance. Russia and her allies were un
ready for war and were compelled to
accept the crushing and humiliating
defeat-but the consequences of the
defeat were manifold. From that
hour began Russian intriguing in the
Balkans to promote that unity which
was presently to destroy Turkey. .
In 1911, when Germany sent her
warship to Agadir, the two groups
came int^ collision again. In 1909
Germany had threatened Russia; in
1911 she menaced France, demand
ing as the price of recognition of a
French protectorate in Morocco huge
territorial grants for herself. But
this time the Triple Entente was less
compliant British fleets assembled,
Russian armies were mobilized, and
finally Lloyd George made the mem
orable speech which amounted to a
warning to Germany that England
stood with France.
Then it was Germany's turn to
yield, as it had been Russia's in 1909.
Some territorial gain she did make
in the swamps of the U-banghi, but
Morocco became French, German
prestige was terribly shaken and the
passionate resentment of the Ger
man people has found expression
ever since in the .press and in the
utterances of many of her public
The defeat of the Triple Alliance
in Morocco was quickly followed by
disasters more serious. Italy went
to Tripoli and in making war upon
Turkey attacked a power regarded
in Germany as an ally, whose army,
German trained, w:as confidently ex
pected to stand with the Triple Al
liance on the great day of European
Defeated by Italy, Turkey was next
compelled to face the alliance of the
Balkan states, whose union was the
direct product of Russian diplomacy.
With the victories of Lule Burgas.
Kumanovo and Jenidje-Vardar. Turk
ish power in Europe collapsed .and
the small Balkan states, increased
by great territorial gain, stood on
Austria's southern frontier barring
her road to the Aegean, and in the
case of Servia threatening to play the
role on the Danube that Sardina had
played on the Po and unite the
southern Slays as Sardinia united
To prevent this Austria resorted to
desperate tactics. Like Germany,
she had expected Turkish victory,
and the Osmanli ruin found her un
prepared. Toward Servia she adopt
ed bullying tactics. To break up the
Balkan aliance, which was in -fact a
Russian creation and an adjunct of
the Triple Entente, she promoted the
discussion among the Balkan allies
which-resulted in the second war.
But again Austria backed the
wrong horse. Notonly was Bulgaria
defeated and Servia still further in
creased in territory and prestige, but
Austrian support for Bulgaria had
alienated Roumania, hitherto the
steadfast friend of the Triple Al
liance, and precisely as the Servians
began to dream of regaining Bosnia
and Herzegovina Roumania cast en
vious eyes on the millions of Rou
manians in Hungary.
Meantime, as the situation of Aus
tria had been compromised abroad.
it was weakened at home. Half the
population of the Dual Monarchy is
Slv; .but the ruling races are Ger
man and Magyar. Austrian bullying
of Servia provoked protest, riot, dis
order at home. In Bohemia, Croa
tia, Gallicia, Slav populations pro
tested in vain but found cause for
hope and enthusiasm in the triumph
of the Serb.
Only one diplomatic triumph Aus
tria brought home In her campaign.
Servian aspirations for a "window on.
the sea" were thwarted and the Al
banian kingdom was created. But
no sooner had it been created than
the rival ambitions of Italy and Aus
tria began to clash and European
observers forecast a quarrel between
Austria and Italy such as Schleswig
L2stein provoked- between Italy and
Thus. on the edge of the present
crisis the Triple Alliance found itself
in a badly weakened condition. Aus
+r! on her sonthern boundary was
PLAN FOR RELIEF
DELEGATES FROM COTTON BELI
ARE NOW IN CONFERENCE.
Bills Introduced to Provide foi
Chain of licensed and Bonded
Warehouse for Storing Cotton.
Plans for relief of the South from
embarrassment growing out of the
closing of European markets during
the war are assuming definite
shape. The Southern Cotton con
gress, composed of cotton men from
every Southern State, has opened a
special session caled to deal with the
war situation, and Southern senators
and representatives will co-operate
with them in perfecting financial leg
islation to enable growers to hold a
part of a big crop over until the mar
ket becomes more nearly normal.
One plan for providing this relief,
details of which have been worked
Thut by Southern congressmen in con
sultation with experts of the depart
ment of agriculture, will be embod
ied in a measure in the Senate bY
Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia and
in the House by Representative
Lever of South Carolina The meas
ure will propose establishment of a
chain of liqensed and bonded ware
houses, where cotton may be stored
until conditions become normal and
be made the collateral for issuance of
The advisability of some such ac
tion was urged before the House
agricultnral committee by commis
sioners of agriculture of the cotton
states. E. J. Watson, commissioner
of agriculture of South Carolina and
president of the cotton.congress, out
lined his view that cotton should, be
made a stable basis of credit and that
the federal reserve board should be
given power to make warehouse re
ceipts the basis for currency issued
under the feredal reserve -act. His
suggestions were seconded by E. R.
Kone and R. C. Hollingsworth.
"We don't want a system of valor
ization," Mr. Watson told the com
mittee. "We do not want the gov
ernment to advance money to the
holders of cotton. We want you to
lend the mpoey to finance this crisis
on proper security, and we want the
money withdrawn lust as'soon as the
need for it has passed."
confronted withSerb and Roumanian
armies, whose fighting capacity was
proved, whose national aspirations
would be promoted by Austrian dis
ruption. Greece, too, excluded from
North Epirus by Italy, had been
driven to the Entente and possessed
a fleet and an army to be reckoned
At home Austria faced growing
disorder. Her Slav populations, their
racial pride and confidence roused by
Servian and Bulgarian victories, no
longer endured with patience the per
secutions of Germans- and Hunga
rians. Disloyalty was on the increase
on all sides, and Austria seemed
about to succeed Turkeyas "The Sick
In this situation German newspa
pers and public men began to de
mand that the clash between the Tri
ple Alliance and the Triple Entente
should be postponed longer. Time
plainly was with the enemy. Aus
tria was growing weaker, Austro
Italian rivalry in Albanian as well as
secular rivalry in Trieste and the
Trentino 'plainly promised future
quarrels which might destroy the
fighting value of the Triple Alliance
and leave Germany alone between
France and Russia.
It is the German temper which
makes the present crisis serious. At
the time of the Bosnian clash no na
tion in Europe desired war, and only
Germany was ready. At the moment
of the Moroccan dispute Germany
backed down because she found
France, England and Russia ready
and the possible gain incommensu
rate with the possible loss a great
war might bring.
To-day a very considerable faction
of German official life believes that
only by war can Germany maintain
her pre-dominance in Europe and
that a few years more of peace will
leave her far behind- Russia in
strength, in resource and in allies.
To-day she can count on Austria and
probably Italy. To-morrow Austria
may have fallen apart, but Russia,
England and France are not likely to
The challenge Austria has issued
to Russia. then, is Germany's chal
lenge. It is also her own declara
tion of a determination to fight for
her existence. Russia has enlisted
Servia and Roumanlo on her sonth
ern boundary. Russia has promoted
Slav aspirations and disloyalty in
Austria. Now Russia must leave
Servia to her fate, abandon her
schemes to destroy Austria within
and without, she must publicly con
fess she can not aid her weaker Slav
allies, or she must fight. Austria
prefers to be destroyed by war rath
er than by the attrition of intrigue.
If France 'and Great Britain stand
with Russia her decision can not be
mistaken. If France and Russia are
agreed to resist -the result will hardly
be different. But British statesmen
are unlikely to run the risk of a Ger
man victory which will leave Ger
many with her hands free to fight
for naval supremacy.
The worst phase of the present
crisis is that neither Alliance nor En
tente can iow escape war without
tremendous loss of prestige. The
clhallenge of Austria has been made
in such fashion that it lea': Russia
no via~ble choice between war and
dishonor. German official utterance
gives the thing the value of an issue
between the Triple Aliance and the
It is the combination of all of
these circumstances which makes the
present crisis seem the most serious
Europe has known since Bismarcb
edited the fateful Ems dispatch and
tha Frano.Pruinns war re-sulted.
DROPPED BY BLEASITES
RICHARDS REFUSED TO TELL
HOW HE VOTED.
'Spartanburg Journal Prints Interest
ing Article Concerning Change of
Heart Among Bleasites.
. Since many of the Spartanburg
county Blease people have turned
against Richards because of his re
fusal to state where he stood in the
governor's election in 1912, it has
been learne%, says the Spartanburg
Journal, that a greater part of this
strength will go to W. C. Irby Jr.,
the Laurens county administration
candidate. It would now appear that
Irby will carry the Spartanburg coun
ty Blease vote over the other Blease
In an interview with Robert J.
Gantt a reporter was advised that
the Blease people are by no means
holid in the support of any candidate
for governor. "There has been no
'elimination' except where the in
dividual voter is eliminating by
choosing the .best man as he sees it,"
said Mr. Gantt.
"It is true that a number of voters
left. Richards as the result of his re
fusal to state his position two years
ago, when questioned as to this Sat
urday night. Mr. Richards was a
candidate for railroad commissioner
before the people two years ago, and
both sides claimed him."
Continuing, iMr. Gantt said: "The
present campaign for governor is a
campaign of principles as well as
men, and unless a man pands
squarely for the principles supported
by Gov Blease, the Bleasites are not
,disposed to support him. Richards
answer last Saturday night caused
many. to question his loyalty to
Blease principles. There are men
running in this campaign, who open
ly take the position that -they will
not answer as to whom they will
support. They are not running as
'Bleasites'. They are straddlers and
are running as such, and will be
voted for as such.
"But no one hoping to succeed
Gov. Blease as governor and leader of
the Blease movement can be elected
by the Bleasites as such. A large
number of the Bleasites will not vote
for any man who does not stand
squarely for Blease principles, and
'whose loyalty to them they can not
question. We assume that a man
who has supported Gov. Blease In
the past will continue his loyal sup
port. If he Is a recent convert to
Bleasism, and aspires to lead the
cauje, we realize that he has the
riiht to change his views, we want
toknow this fact, and then we want
to know, 'Why he has changed,' so
that wemight not suspect that there
is somae connection between . the
change of political faith, and the
race for office. . We want to know
this so that we will not feel that the
sme. political . aspiration that
prompted a change, will not prompt
another change. That- our candidate
will stay put.
"Any candidate can say 'I will vote
for Blease at -the coming election,'
but the question is, will he be a
Bleasite after the election.
"I think Mr. Irby hit the nail on
the head when he asked Mr. Rich
ards if he was so anxious to let the
people know how he was, going to
vote two weeks from now, why was
he unwilling to tell how he voted two
"Mr Richards*ls not running as a
straddier but as a Bleasite, and we
want to know if bis record as such is
WANTS STATE REPRESENTED.
Commissioner Watson Urges Attend
ance Upon Cotton Congress.
In regard to the appointment of
State delegates to the Southern cot
ton congress, which meets In extra
ordinary session his week at the na
tional capital, the following telegram
has just been received in Columbia
from Commissioner E. 3. Watson,
president of the Cotton congress,
who is now in Washington:
."I have been kept so incessantly
busy in Washington since Saturday
that I have been unable to make up
a list of delegates by the'commis
soner of agriculture, and am there
fore earnestly requesting just as
many of our farmers, merchants.
bankers and others as can possibly
do so to come to the sessions of the
Southern Cotton Congress In Wash
ington on August 13 and 14, feeling
assured that I will issue necessary
credentials upon~ their arrival here.
Things are shaping theraselves nicely
in official and conrmssional circles.
but we need as representative a
gathering of men ag- can be secured.
All the states are sending strong del
egations and I -want South Carolina'
SHOOT 100 SPIES.
Brussels, the Capital of Belgium, Ex
terminates Secret Watchers.
Brussels has been covered by a net
work of German spies. Six hundred
already have been arrested and 100
were shot Monday.
Some of the Germans captured
wore uniforms of gendarmes and civ
ic guards. Many were armed with
bombs and revolvers and rode in au
tomobiles bearing false numbers.
They also had in their possession tel
egrams and letters with the counter
feit signature of the Belgian minis
ter of war.
Just before and after the fighting
began private signs were discovered
on bridges, military - works and ac
queducts indicating that theyA strige
+ure shan1A ha blown up.
SENATORIAL CANDIDATES MAKE
EXPLAINS CURRENCY LAW
Smith Goes to Work Showing Farm
ers How New Bill Will Operate
-Labor Leader Apologizes to Sen
ator for Fighting Smith's Immi
Approximately - 2,000 persons
heard the senatorial candidates at
Marion Thursday. There was no
semblance of disorder, each of the
four speakers being accorded a re
spectful and attentive hearing.
L. D. Jennings was the first speak
er. He launched immediately into
an arraignment of the governor's rec
ord, which was characterized as the
"dirtiest ever made by a white man
in any white country." Mr. Jennings
said he had heard of but three men
who would vote for the governor this
year who didn't support the governor
two years ago. These were an editor
of a Hampton county paper, John P.
Grace of Charleston and John G.
This canidate dwelt much on that
phasi of the public record which
tended to prove that the governor
was always on the side of those who
destroyed womanhood. In criticising
the governor for pardoning Emerson
Mr. Jennings said he would have
signed the'petition for Emerson, too,
on the condition that he take the
governor out of the State with him.
In the discussion of the "mock
trial" of D Eleanora Saunders the
chief executive was charged. with
writing the resolution condemning
this woman in advance of the trial.
Mr. Pollock asked if the governor
nor's refusal to appoint Democratic
party nominees to office was strictly
in accordance with his principles as
evidenced in his denunciation of Has
An auditor reminded Mr. Pollock
that Judge Haskell had opposed Sen
"Yes," the Cheraw candidate 're
torted, "and B. R. Tillman hopes to
God that we defeat Cole L. Blease,
and we're going to do it."
It was pointed out also that one
of the governor's colonels ran for
the legislature from Marlboro coun
ty on the mixed Repubr.ican ticket in
1880. On election day, the speaker
pleaded, the people should go to the
polls and vote like men and not as
cattle with rings in their noses, pull
ed onby some political machine.
Senator Smith got a rousing wel
come from the-Marion people as he
arose. They cheered him to the echo
when introduced and persistently in
sted tl:at he keep.e 1 peal.ing when
h , tre limiehad bee i reacited. Far
ers had chipped in an-i purchased
a gold-headed cane for the senator.
This was presented .by Col. John C.
Sellers, who said he had been com
issioned to say to '-the senator that
hey were proud to have a farmer
n the United States Senate, and that
hey knew he had "kept the faith".
By far the major portion of the
audience was composed of farmers.
Senator Smith's explanation of -the
new currency law, which provides
hat cotton shall be accepted as col
ateral, has doubtless not fallen on
more willing ears. Senator Smith
xplained that he would probably go
to Washington to assist in the fight
for federal relief in the cotton sit
He wanted the money which would
enable the farmers to hold their cot
ton placed in all the banks, both
State and national, and the cotton to
e stored at home. He did favor the
plan of having it shipped away and
placed in bonded warehouses. The
senator did not believe in the re
striction of immigration. He want
ed aliens shut out altogether.
The speaker said that he had a
letter of apology from the leader of
one of the large labor organibations
of the State, In which this officer ac
kowledged that he had been misin
formed when hie urged that the la
borers vote against Senator Smith
because of his attitude on immigra
The governor was the last speaker.
He directed most of his remarks at
the anti-Bleasites, saying: "I've
ome down here to rub it in." He
made his accustomed attack on Sen
ator Smith's record and urged his
supporters to be on the alert the day
f the primary to prevent another
"Wha t'.-, Pollock and Jennings run
ning for?" asked an auditor. The
governor replied, "Well, my friends,
you shouldn't mention those names
in decent company: I never do. I've
never heard either of them speak
and never expect to. I've never been
on the platform with them. When it
comes to putting myself in a place
with blatherskites pouring our black
guardism to get office I never ra'tice
[nter'natiolal Harvester Company De
~clared to be a Monopoly.
The International Harvester Com
pany Thursday was declared to be a.
monopoly in restraint of interstate
and foreign trade and was ordered
dissolved by a majority decision in
the United States district court.
Unless the $140,009,000 corpora
tion submit a plan for the dissolution
of the combination into a least three
independent concerns within 30 days,
or in case of appeal within 90 days
of the issuance of an appeal man
date from the United States supreme
court, the decision announces that
court will entertain an application
for the appointment of a receiver for
.1 tha nroneorties of Tha cnrporation.~
VOTE WILL BE LARGER
ENROLLMENT SHOWS INCREASE
OVER TWO YEARS AGO.
Figures From Thirty-Four Counties
Compared With Their Vote in Elec
tion of 1912.
The enrolment of voters upon the
club lists of thirty-four counties of
South Carolina indicate'that the
total enrollment for the State will be
considerably greater thgn the total
number of votes polled in the guber
natorial race of 1912. The total of
votes for the 1912 race, as given out
by the State Democratic committee,
was 140,757, of which 72,043 were
polled for Gov. Blease, 66,548 for
Judge J"-s and 2,166 for John T.
This year's Democratic enrolment
for thirty-four counties is given be
low, toegther with the county vote
for governor- in 1912. The table of
county enrolments is derived from
the county newspapers, and the list
of gubernatorial returns is made up
by a News and Courier correspond
ent from the total vote accorded Gov.
Blease without accounting for the
scattering vote of slightly more than
two thousand in favor of John Dun
Slight discrepancies in the enrol
ment of more than one county may
be accounted for by relatively unim
portant county annexations:
.in 1.912. in 1914
Anderson... . .. 7,934 8,800
Bamberg.... . . 1,258 1,429
Barnwell.... . . 2,378 - 2,477.
Beaufort .. .. . . 681 703
Berkeley ...... 1,125 1,387
Calhoun. ...... 888 1,019
Cherokee ......3,096 3,400
Chester . . ...... 2,296 2,350
Chesterfield. . 3,007 3,843
Clarendon ...... 2,026 2,172
Coleton .. . 2,566 2,755
Darlington .. .. .. 3,073 3,502
Dorchester .. .. .. 1,654 1,794
Dillon ........ 2,226 2,313
Edgefield .. .. .. 1,944 2,033
Florence... ..... 3,936 4,367
Greenville ...... 8,934 10,2y5
Hampton ...... 1,574 1,816
Horry ........ 3,682 4,036
Kershaw ...... 2,513 2,777
Lancaster .. .. .. 2,808 3,056
Laurens. ...... 3,976 4,250
Lee ........ 1,764 1,943
Lexington ...... 4,280 4,690
Marlboro ...... 2,400 2,60-8
Newberry ...... 3,082 3,365
Orangeburg. ....4,315 4,676
Richland .. .. .. 5,977 6,886
Saluda ... 2.105 2,500
Spartanburg. ....10.573 11,292
Sumter .... 2,251 2,575
Union ........ 3,022 3,300
Wililamsburg 2,008 2,431
Totals. .......109,727 121,240
Ifanning Faces Mulia11y Before New
berry Crowd of Voters.
Richard I. Manning Wednesday
orning interrupted John B. Adger
ullally in the midst of his denun
iation of Mr. Manning with the
tatement that everything Mr. Mul
aly had said about him was mali
iously false, while scores of the
udience rose to their feet to watch
he situation. Mr. 'Manning, facing
ir Mullally on the stand, in front
f the 1,500 people in the audience,
said to him in a clear voice: "I
ave only been restrained from no
icing you on account of a piece I
saw in a New York paper about your
ondition. I do not intend to notice
By this time there was consider
able uproar, but Chairman Keitt got
between the two men and Sheriff
annon G. Blease warned a specta
or, who started from the rear of
he stand, to get back. Mr. Manning
ook his seat, while many cries of
"Hurrah for Manning!" mingled
with shouts from the followers of
he governor. Mr. Mullaly had be
gun his denunciation of Mr. Man
ing after scoring him for his flaying
f Bleasism. The two factions in
the audience applauded the respec
LOOKING FOR REVENUE
McAdoo and Underwood Searching
for Frauds to Replace War Loss
How to raise something like $100,
000000 to offset the loss to the Unit
d States in import duties to result
from the war in Europe is the sub
ect now uppermost in the minds of
Secretary McAdoo and Representa
tive Underwood, chairman of the
Eouse ways and means committee.
Treasury experts have completed
statement showing imports from
the war zone. They did not hazard
n estimate of probable loss in re
enues, though informally it was ad
mitted that the total might be nearly
$100,000,000 for the year. Figures
also have been prepared to demons
trate what might be raised by in
reased taxes on liquors and tobacco,
and by adding to the income tax.
CLINKSCALES TO SPEAK.
Will Make Khirlwind Campaign of
It is announced that plans were
under way for Clinkscales to make a
whirlwind campaign of Spartanburg
county on Friday, Saturday and Mon
day before the primary. Automo
biles will be used and an effort will
be made to have Clinkscales speak
in every part of the county on those
days. Such a campaign will be the
first of its character ever made in
Spartanburg county. He will speak
to travel 100 miles and speak 15
times each day if the schedule is ear
PLAN FOR REMEDY
COTTON CONGRESS vNTS GOT
LEVER HAS LEADING PART
CongrsSMa Acts With Other Legis.
lators From the South in Their Ef
forts to Amliorate Conditons for
the Cotton Farmes-Bonded
Warehouses Are Planned.
The problem of saving the cotton
crop of the South In the face 'of the
closing of the European cotton mar
kets ,by war was taken up Thursday
by a Southern Cotton congress com
mittee, which met at Washington in
special session. Delegates represent
tng the cotton states organized, Us
tened to members of congress who
outlined legislative plans for meet
ing the cotton crisis, discussed the
situation and named a committee to
thrash out a plan for saving the 13,
500,000 bales of cotton which will
soon be harvested in the cotton
Representative Lever of - South
Carolina and Senator Hoke Smith of
Georgia, who have had chai-ge of the
legislative end of the movement to
provide federal aid to meet the sit
uation, addressed the congress. They,
with Senator Ransden of Louiana,
formulated the scheme which will
probably be put through. It 'con
templater the 'stablishment of
standard cotton grades, government
licensed cotton warehouses and the.
issue of sufficient emergency curren
cy, about $300,000,000 to be loaned
on cotton, to enable the South to
hold the surplus of the crop ever
until market enditions become more
A flood of suggestions and plans
were proposed by delegates to the -
congress. They ranged from pro
posals that the government valorize
cotton or issue currency against it,
to plans for the destruction 'of half
of the crop, to maintain the price.
All these plans were referred to com
mittees elected by the various state
The congress adopted a resolution
indorsing the amendments to the
emergency currency act, proposed by
Senator Ransdell, which would make
emergency currency available on.
warehouse receipts for cotton as se
urity. Senator Ransdell told the
congress that although the treasury
department had decided such receipts
would be proper security under the
present law, he was anxious to make
sure of it.
The resolutions committee elected
was: R.- G. Rhet of 'South Caro
lina; W. L Lewis, Texas; Hugh Mc
Rae, North Carolina; L. Melton, Ala
bama; E. E. Paten, Virginia; Frank
romlinson, Arkansas; F. S. Ether
Ldge, Georgia, and J. Frank Adams,
The committee on legislation In
luded: S. G. Mayfield, South Caro
lina; E. R. Kone, Texas; A. J7. Mc
K~innon,. North Carolina; -Ray Rus
sell, Alabama; Chas. W. 'Perridy, Vir-v
ginia; Ben B. Well, Arkansas; H. E
Stockbridge, Georgia, and 3. D.
The congress also named a com
mittee of two members from each of
the cotton states to confer with Sec
retary McAdoo of the treasury as to
the financial aspects of the situation.
When Commissioner Watson of
South Carolina, president of the
Southern Cotton congress, called the
ongress into extraordinary session
ust before noon, he saw before him
athered in the spacious House cau
eus room somewhere between 400
and 500 serious minded, determined
looking merchants, bankers and cot
ton men gathered from all over the
otton growing states bent on their
mission of saving the cotton crop
from going for a song because of the
European war situation. It is prob
able that never before has any set of
men come to Washington ,more de
termined to work out some plan that.
will save themselves and their neigh-.
bors from financial loss and ruin.
At the afternoon session Senator
Ransdell of Louisiana addressed the
congress. He urged that anything
ike a valorization scheme be put out
of mind. He declared that legisla
tion now pending would make It pos
sible to obtain all the money neces
sary th'rough regular channels and
would permit the holding of cotton -
on farms or at least in the communi
ty where it is raised. By making the
Vreeland-Aldrich law apply to State
banks, to new banks that have no'
surplus, and to small banks, Sena
tor Ransdell told the congress, he
felt certain the greatest obstacle in
the present crisis had been met.
As to warehouses, he said, these
could be constructed by erecting a
platform surrounded by a fence and
tarpaulins could be used for covering
the cotton. It developed that the
cotton farmers are now nearer out of
debt than at any time since the war
and wuld probably have required less
help from the banks this year than
In any previous year had not the war
To Protect Trade Routes.
The British admiralty has dis
patched Its fastest cruisers to run
down the German ships which threat
en the North Atlantic trade routes.
Consider Cable Censorship.
President Wilson is considering
placing the same censorship on ca
bles as was recently riaced on wire
Germans Took Prisoners.
According to a wireless the Ger
mans captured 120 officers and 1,110
French soldiers at Muelhausen.
Dutch Flood Large Areas.
As a precautionary measure the
Dutch have flooded large areas of
lan4 te. the cirmth of three feet.