Newspaper Page Text
DIIN ADDS SIE AT THE
OTHERS SPEAK AS USUAL
Sumter Man is Questioned Concern
Ing the Employment of Former
Blease Factory Inspector and Do
tective, Whose Report Seemed to
Have Come From E. J. Watson.
Lowndes J. Browning, candidate
for governor, assailed Richard I.
Manning in the meeting of candidates
for State offices at Walhalla Tues
day on his platforms for governor
eight years ago and this year and
asked him to explain why he has Col.
Leon M. Green so constantly with
him. He told of Mr. Green as fac
tory inspeetor on the staff of the
governor, and questioned the sin
cerity of Mr. Manning on law en
torcement. - He also took a fling at
Mendel, L Smith, candidate for
Zovernor, spoke of his work in the
legislature and as speaker of the
House. The first topic he touched
was the ~Aiken plan of elimination.
which he bitterly denounced. He
asked that the voters cast their bal
lots as "sovereign men". He said
that he was in favor of a local option
eompuIsory education law because it
was Democratic and because school
districts knew best what they need
Low"des j. Browning then pre
mented a number of "pertinent ques
tions" for Mr. Manning to answer
and .said that the voters of South
Carolina are entitled to a frank and
candid answer. "There Is nothing I
enloy more," said Mr. Browning,
"than to puncture a gas bag or ex
pose a hypocrite and I am going to
do one or the other to-day. Soon
you will hear at the other meet
ings we have heard, lawlessnc.- Ae
The ealidtate rears up on the toes
ot his hind legs and 'declares that
o- house burner, yeggman, safe
cmeker or rapist need apply to him
or pardon.. He does not say, how
'ever, that he will not, If governor,
pardion a common thief.
Eight 3ears ago when the State
dispensary had become a stench in
tbe nostM . of the people, when only
sach men as John G. Richards and
Mendel . Smith still stood for its
corrupt and corrupting influences.
Richard -Manning came forward to
save itMany believed then and some
hb.eve yet that -he attempted to bol
ster its waning fortunes for the sake
f the governorship. I did not'then
conser him so low as to sell him
sielfroilce. I attributed It to a
never too strong mentality, but of
ourse I. may have been mistaken.
t any rate, he was defeated that
- ear for governor.
-"Now he Is a candidate again for
tes same high office and proclaim
lugm2ost loudly for the enforcement
ofthe law. Let us see, and to do so,
~must go back a little. On page
,6,Senate Journal of 1912, you will
Sid' a message from -Gov. Blease,
taansmitting to the general assembly
thereport of his spectal factory In
qipectior, Col. Leon Mi. Green, of the
-overnor's staff, and this report coy
~.ers to page 240 of said Journal. The
goeorcongratulated himself that
~ ea~er before he had vetoed the
-iem of $3,400 for two factory in
. ~etorsand had had this work done
-y01.Leon hi. Green at a cost of
'Seing a striking similarity be
'-we.Col. Leon hi. Green's report
a theoreport of the commissioner
'-aCgriculture, commnerce and indus
tries, 4 J. Watson, I compared the
two and found them identical. I
then sent J. Rutledge McGee to Mr.
Watsoan's offie, demanding the corre
spondence between Mr. Watson and
ICol. Isson D. Green on factory in
-rspection. I got the originals of 001.
I eon Mi. Green's letters and carbon
-copies of Mr. Watson's replies, and
readingthese -letters to the House I
~roved that all the work Col. Leon
* 1 r reen had done was to copy about
22 pages of Mr. Watson's report, for
which the State of South Carolina
* Pd $1,000.
"0o1. Leon M. Green was then,
)-and I think is now, a member of
Go-v. Blease's staff. This exposure
-was in the papers on the front page
in large' headlines. Col. Leon hi.
- Green was then dubbed 'Scissors.'
Whether thist non-de-plume still
sticks, I do not know.
"Mr. Manning must have- known
all this. He knew the moral charac
ter of this Co1. Leon hi. Green and
yet, Is he not in -Mr. Manning's em
.ploy now? Yesterday I asked the
clerk at the hotel in Anderson i-f Mr.
Manning'wvas stopping there. He re
plied: 'Yes, he isinNo.4.' I then
asked If CoL Leon Mi. Green were
there and he replied: 'Yes, but not
registered. He is with Mi-. Manning
juNo. 4. Do youwish to see him?'
-Ildid not. If Mr. Manr ggis sofear
fully earnest in his desire to have
the law enforced, why does he have
Co1. Leon hi. Green so constantly
with him? He must know his char
acter. Does Col.. Leon Mi. Green
write Mr. Manning's speeches? He
-wields a rather facile pen; his men
tality Is above the average. Did Mr
-Manning employ Col. Leon Mi. Green
of his own volition? Or -was he
thrust upon him by -Mr. Manning's
capitalistic backers? Is Mr. Manning
sincere in his denunciation of law
lessness or is he only bidding for
votes? Does not Mr. Manning's con-'
*nection with Col. Leon Mi. Green
leave the impressio nthat he is swing
ing to Blease's coat tail with one
-hand and to the capitalists with the
other? These are pertinent ques
lions and the voters of South Caro
lia are entitled to a frank and can
"I am offering this to the press.
P'id It reflect on Lowndes J. Brown
ing, John G. Clinkscales, Charles A.
S'qith or Mendel L. Smith. I feel
sure it would be published but as it
refers to one o. the press and capi-1
talistic pets, we will see."
John G. Clinkscales, applauded as
he arose, launched immediately into
his plea for a State-wide compulsory
-education, paying a tribute to Prof.
W. H. Hand and W. K. Ttate. He
ridiculed those who said that the
time was not ripe because of a lack
of school facilities, maintaining that
the children should be educated if
-there is nothing more than a brush
pile for a shelter. He branded the
phrase "they sav", as one of the best
WILL REMAIN SILENT
WILSON HAS NOTHING TO SAY
ABOUT JAPAN'S DEMAND.
The United States Refuses to Allow
Itself to be Drawn Into Far Eiust
J.apan's sudden entry into the Eu
ropean war situation as a factor
which might quickly increase the
range of the great conflict to the far
East commanded wide attention both
among officials of the Washington
governments and diplomats general
The attitude of the United States.
it became clear, would be one of non
interference- in the controversy be
tween Japan and Germany. This was
reflected somewhat in the studied
reticence of both President Wilson
and Secretary Bryan. The president
has been asked whether Japan's as
surance that she eventually would re
store Kiau Chau to China in case
that territory wos obtained from Ger
many was regarded as satisfactory
Mr. Wilson replied that he saw no
reason to question Japan's good faith
in that connection, but carefully re
frained from expressing any opinion
on the merits of the ultimatum or
Japan's attitude. Published reports
to the effect that Lhe president had
declared himself as satisfied with
Japan's course were promptly denied
by Secretary Tumulty Tuesday night
at the president's direction.
"The president feels it incumbent
on himself." said Secretary Tumulty,
"as the head of a neutral nation. to
express no opinion whatsoever on the
attitude of Japan or any other coun
Diplomatic dispatches brought no
further information as to the future
course of either Japan or Germany,
but official Washington was diverted
for the moment from the thought of
hostilities to a hypothetical consid
eration of hoW American possessions
in the far East ultimately might be
affected by the results of an exten
sion of the war to the Orient.
Army strategists discussed among
themselves whether Japan might not
also. take the German possessions in
the Samoan and Caroline islanls.
which are on the American line of
communication to' the Phillipines,
and how that eventually might af
fect the interests of the American
government in the Pacific.
It was pointed out in Japanese
circles that the ultimatum to Ger
many applies specifically to the Ger
man occupation of territory on the
Asiatic mainland, nothing being said
about the German insular possessions
in Australasia. However, it was ex
plained that In the event of Ger
many's refusal to meet the Japanese
demands and the Japanese success
la war, the conditions imposed upon
Germany might be extended so as to
include the ceding to Japan and to
her ally, Great Britain, of all of these
island groups gathered in by Ger
many during the last 25 years.
Germany recently has tried to in
dicate to the United States govern
ment the community of interests
that exists between the two in their
Asiatic holdings. Last week this
took the form of a suggestion that
the Eastern waters and shores be
neutralized by mutual consent.
The Japanese belief is that the
German government will, take full
advantage of the week's time allow
ed in the ultimatum for a reply.
This belief that this reply will be a
firm and unequivocal refusal to ad
mit the Japanese right to dictate to
Germany her attitude in the far East.
The Intervening time, ti is believed.
will be spent In hastening the de
fenses of Ting-Tsu, the single Ger
man naval station-, in placing the Ger
man fleet in secure position under
the guns of the shore fortifications.
terms for a liar to use.
Robert A. Cooper said that the
chief magistrate of the State had no
court from which the citizen may
appeal. He denied the inference that
he was the candidate of any man or
set of men and said that if elected
no man could come to him and say
that there is an obligation due. He
then went into a discussion of law
enforcement, which he thinks, judg
ing from conditions in Charleston
and Columbia, is the sidpreme issue
before the people of the State. He
said that a citizen must he raised
with a regard for law and u. der.
John T. Duncan, after discussing
the "system," said: "We had laid
John Richards to rest, after the
death of Mendel L Smith but wq dug
up Richards. poured water in his
face, pumped air into him, gave him
smelling salt, but he looks like a
dead man to me yet."
W. C. Irby Jr. also took Mr. Rich
ards to task for not disclosing his
-1912 vote, saying: "It if it nobody's
business where I have been why
should any one know where I am go
ing?" He went on to say in answer
to challenge of Mr. Richards at An
derson that his record had shown his
friendship for the governor.
"I am not in the race," said Rich
ard I. Manning. "to malign or tra
duce any one, so I will not notice any
of the, numerous flings that have
been made at me." The speaker
then discussed his life as a farmer
and as president of a bank.
"Has it come to the condition,"
he asked, "when a man who holds a
position of trust is held as a dema
'okue?" He then repeated his stand
on the enforcement of law and local
option compulsory education.
Mr. Manning excoriated the par
don record of Gov. Blease after pre
senting to the audience the issue of
perpetuating the policies of the pres
ent administration- with its lawless
ness. He was applauded.
"I am being twitted with not
throwing down my commission.'
said John G. Richards, "while there
are four or five other candidates who
also hold varioues positions of trust."
The speaker then told of his work in
the educational field, having urged
the passage of a bill that created free
scholarships at Winthrop college Hef
said that the State was not prepared -
for compulsory education and stated
that he was not in favor of giving a
single additional dollar for the edu
cation of the negro until the white'
children had been provided for. He
maintained that a compulsory edu
ation law would militate against the
white children in favor of the negro
"Mr. Richards has been seeking
majorities all of his life." said Chas.
Carroll Simms as he told of his op-t
ponent's previous attitudes towards i
he liquor question,. saying that Mr. i
ichards had been a dispaenaryitei
HOWLS THEM DOWN
SPIARTABURG BLASITES NOT
FO1 SIMS OR IRBY
CLINKSCALES ON TOUR
Senator Smith Goes Over Spartan.
burg County-Blease Speaks
Other Candidates Make Final Ap
peal to Voters-Richards Men
Howl at Fellow Bleasites.
The candidates of both factions
have made Spartanburg county the
final battleground of the campaign.
Features of that county's three-day
political skirmishes are the rousing
reception given John G. Clinkscales
in his tour of his county, and the
apparent bitterness with which thq
Spartanburg supporters of Richards
have tried to prevent the speeches
of Carroll Simms and W. C. Irby.
On Friday night Charles Carroll
Simms was howled down, much to
his own disgust, and he expressed
the opinion that was the treatment
accorded i pure Bleasite Bleasism
wasn't worth three cents. At the
Saturday meeting W. C. .Irby was
threatened, but finally finished his
John G. Clinkscales at Saturday
concluded the second day of his
whirlwind three-day campaign of
Spartanburg county with a speech at
Pacolet station before a crowd num
bering 175. During the day, the
local candidate and his party covered
a distance of 87 miles over the roads
of the northern portion of the coun
ty. Dr. Clinkscales spoke eight times
before audiences which aggregated
some 1,600 people. He was received
in the same warm, cordial manner
with which the people of the south
ern portion of the county received
him Friday. At the conclusion of the
day's campaign, the candidate ex
pressed himself as well pleased with
the results manifest from the four.
Senator Smith trailed the Clink
scales party speaking to enthusiastic
audiences. R. I. Manning spoke at
Jonesvllle. A. J. Bethea put in a
hard day, speaking at practically all
the places at which Senator Smith
spoke. Govexnor Blease spoke at
Clifton and Pacolet and at the Court
At the meeting Saturday night Mr.
Irby had been speaking but a short
time when he mentiorted Mr., Rich
ards. Hub Lockman asked him if
the Blease candidates for governor
had not held a caucus in Columbia
and promised not to abuse each oth
"I never promised not to abuse
John G. Richards," shouted Mr. Irby,
"for I considered him a man thrust
into our 'fold to tool the people."
Nurrahs for Mr. Irby and cheers for
Richards met this outburst. Mr.
Irby replied by saying that the "med
icine men." need not think that they
could howl him down. This epithet
was resented, but the candidate co3
tinued, saying that he had seen in
the paper that the "medicine men"
had howled down Simms, and he had
heard thiat they had come to bowl
Several rushed through the crowd
at this time, one man in shirt sleeves
grabbing Mr. Irby by the arm and
telling him that they would pull him
down and not let him speak. The
crowd gave a whoop, Mr. Irby shout
ed that he would not be stopped, and
for the next few moments none could
tell what was going to happen. Mr.
Lockman and Mr. Irby were carry
ing on a heated battle of words which
none could hear. Solicitor Hill was
waving his hands and calling to the
crowd to stop, and the uproar would
not be stilled.
To add to the picturesqueness of
the scene. J. C. Porter, placing him
self directly in front of Mr. Irby and
shouted: "I stand between Bill Irby
and any one of you, and South Caro
lina has never produced a gamer
man than I am. I will shed my last
drop of blood or protect him," and
other such expressions, all the time
saying that he would not let any one
get to him.
Mr. Irby continued to throw hot
shot into the teeth of the medicine
men and never exhibited the slight
est trace of fear. "These medicine
men can go all over the State and
sell medicine to negroes, but I want
to show them that they have not got
the people of Spartanburg in their
pockets," Continuing, he said:
"They may give the negroes medi
cine to cure their stomachs. but I am
talking to the brains of this county."
Pandemonum reigned sevedal times
and when Mr. Irby finuished, Mr.
Lockman made a statement to the
crowd and said that whoever said the
medicine men had planned to howl
down Simms or Irby told a lie. This
ringing epithet went, out over the
large audience without any attempt
to resent it.
Charles Carroll Simms, who says
he is the original Blease candidate
for governor, had his own private
speaking at the court house Friday
night turned into a Richards demon
stration by the followers of Richards
who had gathered in force to show
the speaker a good time. He was
heckled from start to finish and it
was in a pandemonium of cat calls.
joking rejoinders and cries for Rich
ards that he concluded his speech
with the statement that if the Blease
party threw over one who has been
faithful for ten eyars for a three
months' old Bleasites the party was
not worth three cents.
From the very beginning he spoke
with difficulty. being interrupted with
ll sorts of questions. He had been
thus laboring for some 20 minutes
when a voice in the rear of the crowel
asked, "Say, cap, how long before
he speaking begins." This was the
beginning of the end.
nd a prohibitionist and is now a
ocal optionist. Mr. Simnms further
~hurged him with voting against the
ien law. He called attention to the
olitical friendships of his opponent.
idiculing the "recent conversion to'
Canada Votes W~ar Fund.
The Canadian parliament Thurs
lay voted a $50,000,000 apnronris
ion to be used to fit out the mili
ary organizations offered the _Brit
WORKED FOR PEACE
(Continued from page one.)
dence on the Minister for foreign
affairs, and warned him that if Rus
sia mobilized, Germany would not be
content with mere mobilization, or
give Russia time to carry out hers,
but would probably declare war at
once. His Excellency replied that
Russia could not allow Austria to
crush Servia and become the pre
dominant power in the tBalkans, and,
if she feels secure of the support of
France, she will face all the risks of
war. He assured me once more that
be did not wish to precipitate a con
flict, but that unless Germany~ could
restrain Austria I could regard the
situation as desperate."
Ultimatum to Servia Expired.
On July 25 the Austrian ultima
tum to Servia expired and war was
imminent. On July 26 Sir Maurice
de Bunsen, British ambassador to
Vienna, telegraphed this interesting
sidelight to his government:
"According to confident belief of
German ambassador, Russia will
keep quiet during chastisement of
Servia, which Austria-Hungary is
resolved to inflict, having received
assurances that no Servian territory
will be annexed by Austria-Hungary.
. . . The Germany ambassador re
plied that Servian concessions were
all a sham. Servia proved that she
well knew that they were insufficient
to satisfy legitimate demands of Aus
tria-Hungary by the fact that before
making her offer she had ordered
mobilization and retirement of gov
ernment from Belgrade."
On July 26 Sir Edward Grey mov
ed to bring about a conference of
representatives of the four disinter
ested powers-Germany, Francs
Italy and Great Britain-in London
to devise a means of setting the Aus.
tro-Servian quarrel without general
The following day the British am
bassador to Berlin telegraphed that
Germany considered the conference
"would practically amount to a court
of arbitration and could not be called
together except at the request of Aus
tria and Russia." Again'A eevry ar
gument the German foreign minster
was obdurate. The conference, he
said, was not practicable, "desirous
though he was to co-operate for the
maintenance of peace.".
England on the Fence.
How firmly Great Britain appeared
to sit upon the fence while her allies
were urging her to declare herself IE
disclosed in a telegram by Sir Ed
ward Grey to Sir George Buchanan,
ambassador to St. Petersburg or
"I have been told by the Russia
ambassador," said Sir Edward, "that
in German and Austrian circles Im
pression prevails that in any even
we would stand aside. . . . Thi
impression ought, as I have pointed
out, to be dispelled by the orders we
have given to the First Fleet. . . -
not to disperse for manoeuvre leave.
But I explained to the Russian am
bassador that my reference to It inus
not be taken to mean that anything
more than diplomatic action was
Russia communicated through her
ambassador to Lond'on, on July 28,
her belief that Germany was "if any
thing in favor of the uncompromising
attitude adopted by Austria," and
that "the Berlin cabinet, who could
have prevented the whole of this
crisis developing, appeal to be exert
ig no influence on their ally," and
that the attitude of the German gov
enent "is not alarming." Russia
suggested ''that England is in a bet
ter position than any other power to
make another attempt to Induce the
German government to take neces
sary action. There is no doubt that
the key of the situation is to be
found at Berliri."
Through British intercession, it ap
pears from the dispatches, St. Peters
burg promises to exert its influence
to keep Servia quiet pending peace
Austria Remained Obdurate.
But Austria was obdurate. The
British ambassador reported on July
28 that the "Minister for foreign af
fairs said quietly but firmly that nc
discussion could be accepted on the
basis of the Servian note; that war
would be aeclared to-day."
July 28. the day before the decla
ration of war by Austria against Ser
via, Sir Edward Grey authorized the
British ambassador to Berlin to state
that, "German government having
accepted principle of mediation be
tween Austria and Russia by the four
powers, if necessary, I am ready to
propose that the German Secretary
of State should suggest the line on
which this .principle should be, ap
The German Chancellor had a long
conference with the British ambassa
dor on July 28, in which he said that
while he was desirous of working
with England for peace, it would be
difficult for him to continue to
preach moderation at Vienna if it
were true that the Russian army was
mobilizing. On the same day the
Russian ambassador to Berlin ,was
instructed: "Please inform German
government confirming the absence
in Russia of an aggressive intention
July 29, the German Chancellor
asked the British ambassador to
communicate to Sir. Edward Grey
that "from the fact that he had gone
so far in the matter of giving advice
at Vienna, His Excellency hoped that
you would realize that he was sin
cerely doing all in his power to pre
vent danger of European complica
Talk With Chancellor.
The German Chancellor sent for
Sir Edward Goschen, the British am
basador, on the night of July 29,
upon his return from Potsdam. The
Rmbassador's report of this conversa
tion to Sir Edward Grey follows:
"He said that should Austria be
attacked by Russia a European con
iagration might, he feared, become
inevitable, owing to Germany's obli
~rations as Austria's ally, in spite of
his continued efforts to maintain
peace. He Then proceeded to
make the following strong bid for
British neutrality. Heisaid that it
was clear, so far as he was able to
judge the main principle which gov
erned British policy, that Great Brit
'in would never stand by and allow
-rance to be crushed in any conflict
there might be. That, however, was
not the object at which Germany aim
ed. Provided that neutrality of
Great Britain were certain, every as
urance would be given to the Brit
l, gov..rnment that the Imperial
government aimed at no ierritorial
acquisitions at the expense of France
should they prove victorious in any
war that might ensue.
"I questioned his Excellency about
the French colonies, and he said that
he was unable to give a similar un
dertaking in that respect. As regards
Holland, however, his Excellency said
that, so long as Germany's adver
saries respected the integrity and
'neutrality of the Netherlands, Ger
many was ready to give His Majes
-ty's government an assurance that
she would do likewise.
"It depended upon the action of
France what operations Germany
might be forced to enter upon in
Belgium, but when the war was over
Belgian integrity would be respected
if she had not sided against Ger
"His Excellency ended by saying
that ever since he had been Chancel
lor the object of his policy had been,
as you were aware, to bring about
an understanding with England; he
trusted that these assurances might
form the basis of that understanding
which he so much desired.
"He had in mind a general neu
trality agreement between England
and Germany, though it was of
course at the present moment too
early to discuss details, and an as
surance of British neutrality in the
6onflict which present crisis might
possibly produce, would enable him
to look forward to realization of his
Reply of Foreign Minister.
The British Foreign Minister's re
ply was in part as follows:
"His Majesty's government can not
for a moment entertain the Chancel
lor's proposal that they should bind
themselves to neutrality on such
- "What he asks us in effect is to
engage to stand by while French col
onies are taken and France is beaten
so long as Germany does not take
French territory as distinct from the
"From the material point of view
such a proposal is unacceptable, for
France, without further territory in
Europe being taken from her, could
be so crushed as to lose her position
as a great power and become subor
dinate to German policy.
"Altogether, apart from that, it
would be a disgrace for us to make
this bargain with Germany at the
expense of France, a disgrace from
which the good name of this country
would never recover.
"The Chancellor also In effect asks
us to bargain away whatever obliga
tion or Interest we have as regards
the 'neutrality of Belgium. We could
not entertain that bargain either.
"You should speak to the Chan
cellor in the above sense, and add
most earnestly that the one way of
maintaining the good relations be
tween England and Germany is that
they should continue to work to
gether to preserve the peace of Eu
rope. If we succeed in this object.
the mutual relations of Germany and
England will, I believe, be ipso facto
improved and strengthened. For
that object His Majesty's government
will work in that way with all sin
cerity and good will.
"And I will say this: If the peace
of Europe can be preserved; and
the present crisis safely passed, my
own endeavor will be to promote
some arrangement to which Germany
could be a party, by which she could
be assured that no aggressive or hos
tile policy would be pursued against
her or her allies by France, Russia
and ourselves, jointly or separately.
I have desired this and worked for it,
as far as I could, through the last
Balkan crisis, and, Germany having
a corresponding object, our relations
sensibly improved. The idea has
hitherto been too Utopian to form
the subject of definite proposals, but
If this .present crisis, so much more
acute than any that Europe has gone
through for generations, be safely
passed, I am hopeful that the relief
and reaction which will follow make
possible some more definite rap
prochement between the powers than
has been possible hitherto."
The Gerinan Chancellor received
this suggestion of England without
comment, asking time to consider it.
Meantime came Germany's demand
upon Russia for an explanation of
her mobilizing, Russia's rejection of
the demandl, and war, cutting short
the "conversations" which had been
opened at Vienna between Austria
As late as July 31 Sir Edwai-d
Grey telegraphed the British ambas
sador at Berlin:
"I said to German ambassador this
morning that if Germany could get
any reasonable proposal put forward
which made it clear that Germany
and Austria were striving to preserve
European peace, and that Russia and
France would be unreasonable if they
rejected it, 1 would support It at St.
Petersburg and Paris. and go to the
length of saying that if Russia and
France would not accept it His Ma
jesty's government would have noth
ing more to do with the conse
quences; but, otherwise. I told Ger
man ambassador that if France be
came Involved we should be drawn
Leon Green Answers Browning's
Charges Against Manning.
L. M. Green, Columbia correspon
dent of the Charlotte Observer, said
after seeing Lowndes 3. Browning's
statement at Greenville Wednesday
"Browning's statement to-day at
WValhalla is but a disgruntled attack
upon Mr. Manning,'!"he leading gub
ernatorial candidate, through a mis
statement of facts with regard to
me I emphatically deny insinua
tions contained therein.
"With regard to the factory in
spection referred to. the whole mat
ter was threshed out in the general
assembly at the time, my statement
as to the true situation was publish
ed generally in the press of the State
and was accepted as an ending to
the proposition. The use of the al
leged incident for political effect by
Browning at the time was halted.
"As to the insinuation that I am a
Blease man, that I specifically deny..
I am not a supporter of Gov. Blease
for the United States Senate and this
is generally and publizly known.
"This elev'enth hour attack on Mr.
Manning will not hu-t him with the
people of South Carolina, I am sure."
Emperor and Sons in the Field.
The German emperor and his three
sons are in the field with the Ger
CALLS BLEASE DOWN
CHARLESTON MAN DENY WHAT
GOVERNOR SAID WAS SO.
SENATOR SMITH SPEAKS
Pollock and Jennings Are Unabk* to
be Present at Meeting at Mack's
Corner--Small Crowd Heas Gov
ernor and Senator Present Their
Claims for Suffrage.
One of the smallest crowds that
have attended the 42 mraetings of the
present campaign for the United
States Senate heard two of the can
didates, Senator E. D. Smith and
Gov. Cole L. Blease, speak at Monck'r
Corner Tuesday. The audience num
bered about 400, a decided majority
of which was anti-Blease The gov
ernor carried Berkeley county two
W. P. 2ollock and L. D. Jennings
were not present. The following
telegram was read from Mr. Pol
lock: "I regret exceedingly my in
ability to be at Monck's Corner to
day, especially in view of yeaterday's
meeting. I will be at Manning to
morrow. Please read this to the
Senator Smith was tendered a dem
onstration by many of his Berkeley
county supporters. He rode to the
meeting seated on a bale of cotton
in a wagon drawn by four mules,
while above the wagon floated a ban
"Ed Smith, the People's Candi
date for the Senate." The paradt.
was led by Metz's band from Char
leston, along string of buggies con
taining farmers following.
Gov. Blease declared that conser
vative estimates, based on reports
from his leaders in every county,
show that he will be nominated in
the primary next Tuesday by not less
than from six to seven thousand, per
haps from fourteen to fifteen thou
Senator E. D. Smith was the first
speaker He referred to existing
conditions as the result of the Euro
pean war and the effect on the farm
ers of this country, declaring that
when a commercial disaster comes
the "man on the bottom" Is always
the first to suffer. The Senator then
discussed the recent cotton confer
ence in his office in Washington,
when he outlined to treasury offi
cials what was necessary in the way
of government aid to prevent a heavy
loss to the farmers as the result of
the closing of the European cotton
"You only did your duty," said
some one in the crowd.
"Yes, and thank God, that's all I
want to do,' replied the speaker to
applause. The senator added that
"the -man who wants to help only
himself is like a stagnant pool, which
breeds snakes, mosquitoes, frogs and
malaria, and isn't worth a darn."
The senator then entered upon a
discussion of the new banking and
currency law, explaining the -features
originated by him and designed to
benefit the farmers. He, then made
his regular cotton speech, reviewing
his work In and out of the Senate for
the 4farmers, who, he said, sent him
The senator closed by inviting a
thorough inspection of his record, de
claring that he had been faithful and
expected to be re-elected. The sent
ator was heartily applauded through
out, and at the conclusion of his
Gov. Blease charged that Mr. B.
F. McLeod of Charleston, a support
er of Senator Smith, had paid for the
services of the band which appeared
in the Smith parade. ~Mr. McLeod
.ame up to the stand and told the
governor that his statement was not
true, whereupon he governor de
manded to know if Mr. McLeod had
not paid the band. By this time the
governor's friends near the . stand
(some of them from Charleston)
were cheering loudly at what appear
ed to be the discomfiture of Mr. Mc
Leod, who, despite the noise, man
aged to make himself partially heard.
He explained that the band had
been secured with contributions by
Berkeley county supporters of Sena
tor Smith, and that he (McLeod) had
merely acted as the agent of . these
gentlemen in engaging the musicians
and seeing that they got to Monck's
Corner. Frank Reid, a merchant.
shouted from the crowd that he had
seen Mr. McLeod buy, out of two
ten-dollar bills, tickets for members
of the band from Charleston to
Monk's Corner. One of the Char
leston contingent, said to have been
Harry L. Wilensky, insisted that the
newspaper men print Reid's state
The governor said he was satisfied
that the Drake-Inness-Green Shoe
company, of which Mr. Mcleod Is
president, had paid for the services
of the band. He also declared that a
member of the band had told him
that, although he was wearing a
white Smith badge, "we are all work
ing for you," and, said the governor,
"I don't blame him, because he's got
Frank McLeod's :noney in his pock
et" adding that he knew nearly all
of the bandsmen would vote for him.
When the governor concluded.
Chairman Russell read to the crowd
the following in reference to the en
gagement of Metz's band:
"We, the undcrsigned citizens of
Berkeley county, do hereby certify
that we paid the money for the pur
pose of paying for services of band
(Continued from page one.)
on occasion of campaign meeting at
"C. W. Wiggins.
".T. R. Williams.
"J. L Strohecker.
"J. S. Tyler.
"T. A. Altman.
"B. M. Hudson.
"P'. E. Wyndham."
Mr. Ernest Metz, in talking. de
clared the above statement to be
true saying that Mr. McLeod was
merely the agent through whom the
arrangements for the band's appear
ance at Monck's Corner was made,
md that before the terms were agreed
upon Mr. McLeod had consulted the
Another member of the band, who
said he was the one to who'n the
!overnor attributed the statement
'we are all working for you." denied -
that he told thle governor or meanti
o convey the impression that the 1
members of the band were working 1
or him The young man, who vol
THE COTTON CONGRESS
BODY MET IN COLUMBIA THUBS
DAY TO PLAN ACTION.
Advsed Farmers First to Hold Their
Cotton for a While, and Second,
Plant Less Cotton Next Year.
A cotton congress was held in Co
lumbia Thursday morning to which
attende'd business men, farmers,
bankers, and merchants from various'
parts of the State. They met to con
sider the cotton situation and take
what action they deemed imperative.
Among other things a call was sent
out to every one interested in the
State to form county organizations.
A meeting will be held in Orange
burg next Thursday to consider these
steps. Full partiiulars will be an-'
nounced next week.
Mr. F. Mason Crum, .far.m demon
stration agent in Orangeburg county,
attended the congress, and issued the
following statement to the farmeri
of Orangeburg county:
"The . Cotton Congress ot South
Carolina which convened in Columbia
Thursday revealed some very definite
things regarding the cotton question.
First, that the producer of- cotton
will have to do his part if the crop is
to be saved.
"The various cotton states are
holding meetings to devise plans for
holding the surplus and to make it
possible to finance the cotton after
it is stored. These state resolutions
will be passed on to the executive
committee of the national Cotton
Congress and from them a uniform
platform will be adopted to which
?11 the cotton states will conform.
This is absolutely necessary, and
without it everything will be chaos.
Then every county and township in
the South will know what the other
counties and townships- are 'doing.
The method will be .the same, and
cotton will be the finest collateral for
credit in the country. But 'there'is
something for the farmer to do and
he must do it right now.
"First. Kiep your cotton off the
market for a while. Store It in your
yard until proper warehouse facili
ties are provided for. If you ,do-hot
need money, keep it housed there,
but do not sell it. If you have to
have money, you can soon put it in
a watehouse which the State recog
nizes and which the government will
approve, and then you -will have a
warehouse receipt which the banks
will honor. It won't be long befdre
the banks will have emergency money
issued by the government, and yoU
can get it. Your cotton will in all
probability be graded by a federal
expert and this with the -correct
weight will be noted on your.ware
house receipt, and this. receipt will
be as good as money anywhere in
the country. The bankers of New
York will honor a certificate bf such
"Second. You will havi -to plant
less cotton next year, or we will be
confronted with a more serious prob
lem next fall than we are -now. With
our surplus stored, and the 1915
crop combined, we will have more
cotton than the world can consume.
Plant half' your regular acreage and
make up ?he deficit with grain, hay
and live stock. There is money in
these crops and we can make them
profitably, and we can 'declare a divi
dend more than once a year. -This
is the salvation of the'Southern far
mer, and the war is going to teach us
a valuable lesson, even though'it'.i
at great expense.
"Lastly, hold your nerve, and hold
your cotton. The United States -gov
ernent stands ready to 'help Us if
we are willing to receive it. The
probability is that if we fail it will
be the farmers' fault. The cottqan
states must move abreast at this
crisis and If they do, the crop will
not be squandered." .
FURNISH THE EGGS.
New D~rinks Being Seri'ed at Sdoda
Fountains. Over the County.
The variety of egg' drinks served
at soda fountains is -increasing an-I
the demand for them is increasln4s
equally. Indeed, it is the large de
riand for egg drinks that has caused
he dispensers of soda water to cud
gel their brains to think of new egg
Egg drinks are increasing in popu
carity. One reason for this Is that
they are food drinks.. Izn additin to
the quality of refreshment possess
ed by soda fountain drinks, egg
drinks possess real .food gualities.
This is especially true of drinks
which are concocted of eggs and
milk. These are superlatively nutri
It has come to the .attention 'or
Clemson college recently that. a num
ber of enterprising . poultrymen In
this State are specializing during the
summer months in supplying the
soda water trade with eggs.
A Columbia ' poultrymai hdisposes
o the product" of more -tlian 1;00#
hens to Coliumbia soda folintalns-and
says that lhe can not-begin to -supply
the demand.' A poultryman who' sells
to the soda water trade'in Spartan
burg reports the same condition.
These two poultrymen attaracted at
tention 'becau'se they are iaving The
soda fountains-'-display placards in
forming 'the' -public where the-eggs
are obtained from. This plan' may'
have a doubly good '4tfect.' If 'the
poultryman has a good reputation, it
Is a good advertisement for the soda
water fountain. On the other hand,
t is certainly a good advertisement
for the poultryman "- - -
Poultrymnen who enter' -'this field
must bear in mind constantly the nec
ssity for supplying absolutely fresh
ggs. The eggs have to be dpened in
public view. Every egg that is 'bad'
s a "black eye" for the soda -foun
:ain and' it stands to -reason that 'a
ountain will quickly sever its r'ela
ions with aniy farmer or poultryman
rhose eggs are of uncertain- quality.
ne of the first steps. to take at this
season of the year to secure .-fresh
ags is to kill the roosters or at least
o separate them from the hens:. -"It'
s a good plan to'-offer none but In-'
ertile eggs to the soda fountain
rade. The only way to remove all
oubts that eggs will be infertjle is
o "swat the roosfer."
n talking -to the . governor 'about-' a
>ardon for a man- connected -'with
ui by marriage, he told the gov
mnr that his family was workifrg
or him (the governor).
JENNINGS NOT ALLOWED TO
SPEA AT GEDR6ET0IN
CROB( WAS FOE BLEASE
Mayor and Chief of Police *Wear'
Blease Badges and Smile at the
Disorder-Railroad Shops and
Lindber-Works Closed o orkers
Could Attend Meeting.
"Howled 'down" tv a crowd of
Bleasites was the face that befell
Mayor -L. D. Jennings of Sumter,
candidate for the United States Sen
ate, at the campaign meeting at
Georgetowii Monday. From the time
he was introduced Mr, Jennings
fought azainst -mavy odds to make
his speech and present his usual ar
raignment. of - Gov. - Blease, -butc bad
to finally. give up, so great -was the -
din kept up by a bunch o'f-red badge
wearers, directly .in front of - thi
stand, who continued their-hoots and-'
jiers despite the many stinging re
bukes from Mr'-Jennings.
The affair- had. every appearance
'of an organized, determination to
prevent the Sumter candidate from
speaking, although many of the
Bleasites present took no part in It,
the voices of several being heard in
disapproval of the. proceedings. Mr.
Jennings was game, however, and
not,.unti lhe. wasacoavinced that fur
ther attempts to spetk would be use
less did he take his seat.
The badgering of the'speaker was '
so persistent that the candidate
hardly. was allowed to speak two
connected sentences. In desperation
Mr. Jennings reminded the audience
that he was mayor 'of Sumter. .
"When the party gets there Thurs
day I exRect to have enough police
'and citizens -to -keep order," Mr. Jen
nings assured them. "I guarantee
in advance Gov. glease a respectful
hearing, which is more than I am
receiving." This,' too, -was a futile
W. H. -Andrews, mayor of George
town, and' geneal manager of the
Atlantic Coast Lumber corporation,
who led a delegation to Washington,,
to oppose tariff ieduction on lumber,:
:wa' on the stand also, but did not
open his mouth to silence the heck
lers. Initead. the sallies. of the un
ruly were enjoyed by the mayor who
-sat by and smiled complacently.
Bolick, the chief of police, was at
Mayor Andrew's side. His . arms_
.were likewise ling and his voice still
ed. Both of the -officers expressed
their preference by wearing Blease
badges: When the timemme for thE
introduction of Senator Smith the
mayor asked that the crowd givo the
senator a respectful hearing, as "I
understand he discusses issues."
"I don't ask you to vote for him,"
he explained "In fact I hope you
won't," he added.
'The -crowd numbered tbout one
-thousand, the' supporters of Gov.
Blease being greatly in the majority.'
It was stated that the Georgetown
and Western Railroad shops at' An
drews aml- the mills of the Atlantic
Coast Immber corporation at George-,
town, 'were closed to allow the em-'
ployees, practically all of whom are
Bleadites, .to attend the meeting, and
they were out in- full force.. Major
W. EL" Andrews' is the local head of
both scorporation's mentionied. An
'excursion train,~ bringing several
hundreds, was operated into George
SA novelty at -the meeting was the
installation, just- above -where the
speakers -stood, of 'a megaphone' at
tached to *a telephone transmitter,
the' 11evice being connected with dhe
telephone exchange,_ ehabling sub.'
scribers to hear the spee"'es while
remaining at their homes and places.
of business.- -
Another point of interest in the'
meeting was the, reading, by. the gov
ernor of two letters purporting to be,
o~ne from J. G. Chaffee .of Langley to
Mf. J. Miller, chief clerk in the office
of E. J. -Wats'on, and Mr. Miller's re
ply. The object of the Chaffee letter
was to ascertain Mr. Miller's opinion,
as' to the advisability of betting on
Senator .Smith. ' Mr.' Miller's reply
was that' the. Blease following from
classes qf people. with whom he had
little personal contact. The class
proposition was what angered tbe
governor, who' denounced Mr. Miller
as a "liar" as to the Blease follow-,
ing being from the lower classes, and
promised that' the man so dominated
could get satisfaction when the chief
executive got to Columbia.
:The- senator said he would not
have 'the courage to face the crowd
if he had worked only for those who
voted for him. ' What had been ac
complished through organization and
legi'slition, he pointed out, was to
the direct benefit of the "good, bad,
indi.ferent, big,' little, riffraff and
bobtail.". Senator Smith made a gen
eral.discussion of the different meas
ures to get better markets for cot
ton, pointe'd o'ut that the State had
saved $130,000'in six months in con
sequence of .his. resolution to have
the ,nitrates'investigated and that
the..prices of .ties and bagging had
been cut practically. In two 'in conse
quence of a like" resolution he 'had
introduced.' Senator Smith got
much applause at the conclusion of
Turkey Threatens Greece.
According to a dispatch, Turkey Is.
preparing to march into Greece,
through Bulgaria, from which coun
try her troopis are approaching
To Stay in Far East.
According J~o an announcement
from London. Japan's activities in
the war will be confined to the far
Steamer Comes From War Zone.
The steamer Marquette has reach
ed New York with 113 passengers
f-om Antwerp. She was halted six
times by British ,warships.
Neigro Killa~ Policem an.
One Chicago policeman was kill
ed Tuesday by -a negro who 'he at
tempted -to: arrest for 'forgery'
Germany Receives< Offer.
The 'German- 'E~iperb'r' has ac
knowledged the receiht of President
Wrilsnn's mediation offer.