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RIKE FIELD WORKS
AVIATORS FIND PREPARATIONS
FR GERN RETREAT.
ENEM DECISIVE POINT
Future Results in France, According
to Experts on Both Sides, Hinge
Upon Outcome of Crown Prince's
Attack on French Fortifcations
Berlin Admits Retreat.
It was generally anticipated Tues
day that an attempt to stem the tide
of their rapid retreat would be made
by the Germans after the allies had
compelled them to retire defeated
,rom the. great field of battle to the
east of Paris, where, they had fought
stubbornly for seven days and suf
fered enormous losses.
It has been revealed that British
and French aviators ran great risks
olowing the netrograde movements
of the German army, but succeeded
-in gathering the information that the
Germans had erected field works at
various places along the northern
plateau beyond Rheims. These works
were intended for use by the Ger
mans in the event of meeting super
Ior forces and being obliged to retire
A - is understood they left .several
torps on their western wing and on
their center with the desperate task
of .holding these lines so as to pre
ent their pursuers from harassing
the bulk of the German army, which
ft: in the meantime, was making quick
yfor the frontier.
Many det&ached parties of German
froops have been captured wander
nj Igj a1bout the woods, where they
ound themselves with little ammu
nition and no food supplies and de
nerted by their comrades, who were
maeing forced marches.
There has been no cessation in the
reparation at Paris for defense. Al
thoagh the - Germans now are con
derable distance away and the like
Uhood of their rturn is regarded as
remote, thousands of men are being
enroled daily for 'the formation of
aw forces and to fill'the gaps in the
ranks of the armies which have been
thfleld since the beginning of the
Some mlitary critics are of the.
opinion that the stand now being
made- by the Germans along the
RiverAla Wsthe beginning of a
-new battle which may develop into a
S ht almost if not quite as impor
tvant as that on the Marne. It is
poieted'out,'however, that the strug
9g1 must be. on a frontal from the
rman side, while the allies occupy
"'boitio'ns "from -which an enveloping
movement can be affected
Thb.strength of the respective
enggeialthough kepLt secret,
~ - eieved to be almost equal. It is
t rgued, howsever, that the a1les pos
sees the advantage of prestige, which
baseein rsased since they repuls
ed64the Germans on the east of Paris.
-'The allies. also .ommand- the rail
roads -yhich eniable them to bsing up
nsiufeenentS. This the Germans
at Ia position- to do, it is
b tugrt, owng totheativity of the
-Fr one the miltary critics of both
sidee agree that-tihe outcome of the
-malain:hastera. France depends
nheiesultsof the operations of the
-own-piince's army before Verdun'
bu nthe question of accomplished
Sacts the divergence of opinion Is'as
---Berlin; naintaind that- th0net
ment otVerdun is now complete, and
trefore expeets that within two or
three daya there will be a resumption
of ofensite along the whole German
~ ront. On -the other hand, the latest
- offiial communication issued on be
haf f the allies:.states that the
-cown 'prince ihas- been driven back
and has moved his headquarters
from Sainte'Menehould, south of
Rheims, to Mont Faucon, about fif
teen miles northeast
--Berlin :admits that the weakened
German right bas .been turned back.
ut- discounts the reverse by main
-lning that it will have no effect on
te general forward movement to be
lnited, when Verdun falls!
On all sides it is agreed that the
-battle of the Marne has about come
to an end, and although the allied
armies are keeping in touch with the
retreating Germans It Is evident the
latter are talking up positions to stay
the northward advance of the British
Although the Germans have been
*punished badly in their long retreat
and, have lost .nany guns and men,
they .maintain cohesion and, unless
the French succeed in their attempt
to get between the army of the -crown
prince and those operating west of
him, -Emperor WIlliam's forces will
* resent a solid front when the time
comes for another clash which will
be fully as Important as the recent
-If the Germans can gain the new
position, It offers better opportunities
for offense than the ground they have
passed over the last ten days. Their
right apparently extends as. far west
as St. Quentin, through a country in
tersected by rivers and streams that
M1t embarrass the attacking forces.
FIFTY AVIATO)RS KILLED.
Air rilots of Countries at War Meet
The total number of aeroplane
pilots killed thus far in the war is
estimated at 50, divided among the
belligerents as follows: Russia, 16:
French, 12; English, 4; German, 18.
This does not take into considera
tion pilots and crews of dirigibles,
many of which have been reported
East Prussia Reports Conflict.
Dispatches from Berlin and Petro
grad squarely collide about military
operations in East Prussia. Both
sides claim the advantage.
Gas Kills Two Miners.
Two men were overlome by gas in
the Gratz lead mine. Fiey Gratz, Ken
27 PASSENGERS DROWN
TRAIN RUNS INTO CLOUDBURST
FALIANG INTO STREAM.
While Creeping Along Slowly Engine
Creeps Over Sagging Track, Which
Twenty-seven persons were drown-,
ed early Tuesday when a St. Louis &
San Francisco westbound passenger
train plunged into a bloudburst two
miles west Lebanon, Mo., and two
passenger cars toppled into a gully
swollen with water. Eighteen per
sons were injured, but none serious
For several hours the train had
been going carefully as the engineer
feared the heavy rains had weakened
the track. Just as the locomotive
hit a curve marking the edge of a
ravine, the engineer saw a wall of
water ahead. Though going only 15
miles an hour the train could not be
stoped. The 12-foot embankment on
which the track crossed the ravine
had been swept away by the rush of
The locomotive crossed the sag
ging track. but the chair car and
smoking car rolled over in the tor
rent. The locomotive and the mail
and baggage cars, forced by momen
tum across the ravine, finally left
the rails and toppled partly over the
structure three feet under water.
The fireman was crushed to death,
but the engineer escaped Injury.
. The four sleeping 'cars remained
on the track, behind the stream. The
chair car and the smoking car sank
deep in the rushing water. Many of
the occupants were - drowned while
they slept. Others climbed through
the-windows and swam to safety.
Miss Nona Campbell of St. Louis,
a nurse, climbed to the upturned
side of the chair car and rescued five
Imprisoned 'passengers by pulling
them through the windows. Passen
gers in the sleeping cars, roused by
the shock, went to the rescue of
those who had not drowned Imme
diately. Several passengers were
pulled from the water exhausted.
BULL GORES TWO.
Killbs Man and Then Attacks Coroner
Who Views Body.
A bull going on a rampage Tues
day broke through a barbed wire
fence at Sparranburg and gored Arch
Young, a middle aged man, to death
as he passed through a pasture in
the southern --part' of the city, in
which the bull was cavorting. When
Coroner John S. Turner went to the
scene to hold an inquest the bull
charged him, and the coroner, a
lame man, hurriedly climbed a tree.
Bystanders got guns and dispatched
the brute, whereupon Young's body
was removed to an undertaker's es
tablishment and an Inquest held.
Ifsed as Defence for Man on Trial at
At Dillon Thursday SpurL. .n Ham
ilton was acquitted in his trial for
killing J. D. Andrews for the alleged
betrayal, under promise of marriage,
of Hamilton's sister. The killing oc
eurred at the- home of the Hamiltons.
The court room was crowded both
days and very great interest was
shown from the start to the finish.
The line of defense was laid on tne
right 'to defend the- home and uncon
trollable Impulse under great provo
cation. The judge In his charge sus
tained- this and the jury, within
twenty minutes, returned a verdict of
WILL HOLD EXPOSITION.
Panama Pacific Festivities Will Come
off on Grand Scale.
Assurances have been received by
Col. E. J. Wa'son, state commission
er of agriculture, commerce and in
du~tries, in a letter from A. L. Cow
ell, field secretary for California of
the Panama-Pacific International Ex
position Co.. that the great exposi
tion at San Francisco will be opened
on time, February 20, 1915, despite
the European war; that many na
tions are continuing with their work1
on exhibit buildings and that the in
dications point to ar increase instead
of a decrease in attendance.
SIGN PEACE TREATIES.
United States Make Pacts With Four
*, Great Nations.
Treaties between the United States1
and Great Britain, France, Spain and'
China were signed by Secretary Bryan
and the British, French, Spanish and
the Chinese ambassadors.' These
pacts, the Washington government
believes, will make armed conflict
between the United States and these
nations almost if not entirely impos
They provide that all disputes
which can not be settled by diplo
macy shall be submitted to a per
manent commission for one year.
JAPS ATTACKS GERMANS.
Par East is Scene of Sharp Skir
miishes Between Foes.
The first encounter between Ger
man and Japanese forces on land oc
:urred Sunday morning when there
were a number of sharp skirmishes
between piatrols of the contesting
forces at a point close to Chimo.
Previous to these engagements a
German aeroplane flew over the dis-'
;rict. The Japanesc fired on the ma
:hine, but without success. A con
siderable Japanese force is reported
23 miles to the north.
W~AR IN AFRICA.
Britis~h South African Force Takes
A dispatch from Cape Town to
Reuters says the Fourth South Afri
~an mounted rifles, commanded by]
loI. Daetson. after two night
narches, surprised the German force <
rhich had occupied a drift 60 miles i1
'roro Steinkopf in the Namaaqualand. 1
after a sharp skirmiish the Germans 1
vere Cnnelled to- sutrrendier. 1
ALLIES IN PORSUIT
FRENCH AND ENGUSH TIGORgUS
LY FOLLOW FOES.
A DISPATLH FROM BERLIN
Capitals of Armies Engaged Tell Sto
ries of Their Fortunes-Berlin
Tells of New Battle and Claims
Decisive Defeat of the Russians
Allies Pursuie Retreating Army.
Pursuit of the retreating German
armies by the British and French
forces continued Monday with vigor,
according to the French view. De
spite their great numbers, the Ger
mans withdrawing movement is be
ing carried out with rapidity and
cleverness. The main body appears
to be approaching the Belgian fron
tier, while the German left wing
seemingly is gaining shelter in Ger
So far as known the fleeting in
vaders who, after wonderful forced
marches into France, made such a
stern attempt to break through the
lines of the allies defending Paris,
have abandoned more than sixty can
non of various caliber and thirty
machine guns because their exhaust
ed horses were unable to drag them
fast enough to keep up even with
the foot-weary infantry. Enormous
amounts of ammunition and war
stores also were left on the route of
the Germans, which is through a dif
ficult, marshy country, rendered al
most impassable in some places by
heavy rains which threaten to con
The allies, it is asserted,- display
no signs of fatigue. They are repre
sented as stirred by unexpectedly
great victories to such a state of ela
tion that they are able to keep close
on the heels of the retiring enemy,
harassing them day and night, cut
ting off detachments and attempt
ing to interpose between them and
It generally is believed that the
next phase of the gigantic war will
take place in German territory. The
allies, according to the military ex
perts, doubtless will endeavor to pre
vent the German armies, should they
succeed in eluding capture, from
taking strong defensive positions
near the frontier.
Large bodies of fresh troops are
undefstood to have been sent for
ward to assist in the pursuit and
many more are ready to share the
chase, it is said. Some portions of
the allied armies who, through the
heat and sunny days interspersed
with deluges of rain, bore the brunt
of the fighting, are taking a brief
rest in preparation for. future move
mets which* may call for equally
The London official press bureau
says "all day -Sunday the enemy
subornly disputed the passage of
the Aisne by our troops, but in spite
of the difficulty of fording the river
in the face of a strong opposition
nearly all the crossings were secured
"On our right and left the French
troops were confronted with a simi
lar task in which, like ourselves,
they were- successful. Many more
prisoners were taken.''
A wireless dispatch from Berlin,
in speaking-of a new battle, says:
"A battle is in progress between
Paris and the River Marne, over a
front of 125 kilometers, stretching
from Nanteuil, in the west where
the English forces are, to Vitry. The
crown prince's army Is separated
from the main battle .by the forest
"Sunday night's official details of
the battle to the east of Paris can
not yet be made public. A new bat
te is in progress which, up to the
present, has beers favorable to the
Germans. Reports from 'Paris and
London of a German defeat are de
In East Prussia, says the Berlin
wireless. "Gen. Hindenburg has de
feated the Russians, has crossed dhe
Russian frontier, and up to the pres
ent time has taken 10,000 prisoners,
and captured eighty guns and many
machine guns and aeroplanes.
"The retreat of the Russian army
in East Prussia~ appears to be de
veloping into flight and demoraliza
tion. Gen. Hindenburg reports that
capture of 150 guns and between 20,
000 and 30,000 prisoners."
The allies, according to a London
dispatch, are pushing their advan
tage and doing their utmost to turn
the retreat into a disaster by a stern
pursuit on perhaps the broadest
scale yet known in war. On the
right they are in good position to
continue the offensive, if the men
and horses are not too tiredfor fur
ther effort. They are based on a
strong line, running from the Marne
to the fortresses through the hilly
country south of Argonne.
While the allied left, composed
largely of fresh troops with a heavy
force of cavalry under Gen. Pau, is
wheeling around so as to drive Gens.
von Kluck and von Buelow towards
Ardennes and Luxemburg, Gen.
Pou's army, by a few more marches
by a Fere and Laon, might cut com
munications -between the retreating
Germans and Belgium.
The British war office issued a
long dispatch Monday from Field
Marshal Sir John French, covering
more completely than the previous
summaries, the seven days' fighting
from September 4 to September 10,
inclusive. According to this report
the German swerve to the southeast
of Paris is accourited for by Gen.
von luck's decision that the Brit
ish, who had been so heavily engag
ed in the retreat from the Belgian
rontier, could be ignored and that
he could proceed with his plan of
enveloping the main French army.
The new army which came out
rom Paris, however, upset this cal
aula~tion and, with his flank threat
ened, the German general had to
withdw-a movement which has
been continued up to the present.
General French paid high compli
ent to the latest addition to the
British army-the flyin~g corps-and
-ie also quotes a letter from the
?rench commander, Gen. Joffre, who
,ongratlated him on the accuracy of
he information supplied by the avia
ors. These men have done little or
to bomb-throwing, but have confined
h mselv tn gatharIng information
COTTON IMPORTS LARGER
MORE BROUGHT INTO THIS COUN.
TRY THAN LAST YEAR.
Census Bureau Report Shows Great
Decrease in Staple Used Since Eu
ropean Struggle Began.
The effect of the European war on
the cotton industry has been disclos
ed in the Census Bureau's August
cotton consumption report, showing
that during August only 2.1,210 bales
were exported while during August
last year 257,172 bales went abroad.
Great Britain took only 6,370
bales this August while last year she
took 77,488 bales; Germany took
only 52 bales against 72,928 a year
ago, France took only five bales
against 52,933 a year ago; Italy took
1,546 against 13,568 a year ago, and
all other countries took 13,237
against 40,255 a year ago.
The supply of cotton during the
year of 1914, which ended August 31,
was more than 16,000,000 bales. The
exports for the year amounted to 8,
914,548 bales, the domestic consump
tion 5,577,864 bales and the quantity
on hand August 31 was about 1,524,
An extraordinary feature of the re
port was the fact that more cotton
was imported during August than
was exported by the United States,
which last year supplier almost ap
proximately 61 per cent. of the
world's cotton. Imports were 27,087
bales against 7,785 last year and for
the 12 months 280,290 against 227,
645 a year ago.
The Census Bureau report shows:
Cotton consumed during August
was 384,205 bales exclusive of lint
ers, compared with 432,350 in Au
gust last year. Consumption for the
12 months ending August 31 was 5,
577,864 bales against 5,483,321 last
Cotton on hand August 31 in man
ufacturing establishments was- 677,
408 bales compared with 717,704 a
year ago and in independent ware
houses 546,857 compared with 467,
902 a year ago.
Cotton spindles active numbered
30,349,902 against 30,602,282 a year
ago; linters consumed 24,684 bales
against 26,630 a year ago and for the
12 months 306,291 bales against
303,009 last year; on hand in manu
facturing establishments 73,349 bales
against 60,454 a year ago and in in
dependent warehouses 30,521 against
27,378 a year ago; linters exported
885 bales and for the 12 months
-"FOR ALL WE HAVE AND ARE."
Rudyard Kipling's Stirring Poem Up
on Present European War.
Of all the war poems which have
come forth under the stress and
storm of the present war, Rudyard
Kipling's "For All We Have and
Are," is probably the best, at least
'ass far as we have seen. Although
tome editors have remarked that It
'was not up to some of this famous
writer's other poems, no one can
tieny that It has vigor and unique
expression. To us It seems a good
Kipling poem, and that Is praise as
high as it ca~n be. It follows:
For all we have and are,
'For all our children's fate,
Stand up and meet the war!
The Hun Is at the gate!
Our world has passed away,
In wantonness o'erthrown;
There's nothing. left to-day
But steel and fire and stone.
Though all we knew depart,
The old commandments stand:
"In courage keep your heart!
In strength lift up your hand!"
Once more we hear the word
That sickened earth of old:
"'No law except the sword
Unsheathed and uncontrolled!"
Once more It knits mankind;
Once more the nations go
To meet and break and bind
A crazed and driven foe.
Comfort, content, delight
The ages' slow-bought gain
They shrivelled in a night;
Only ourselves remain
To face the naked days
In silent fortitude.
Through perils and dismays
Renewed and re-renewed.
7rhough all we made depart,
The old commandments stand:
"'In patience keep your heart!
In strength lift up your hand!"
,No easy hopes or sighs
Shall bring us to our goal,
But iron sacrifice
Of body, will arnd soul.
There's but one task for all
For each one life to-give.
Who stands if Freedom fall?
Who dies if England live?
NINE ARE KILLED.
Trolley Car and Trailer Are Crashed
Into by Memphis Train.
Nine persons are known to have
been killed and at least fifteen in
jured early Thursday night when an
Illinois Central freight train crash
ed into a street car on a grade cross
ing near Binghamton, a suburb of
Memphis. The car, a "trailer," was
hurled over an embankment and a
freight car toppled over on top of it.
About thirty-five persons were on
board the wrecked car, according to
the conductor. The motor car draw
ing the "trailer" crosed the railroad
tracks safely.. None of the passen
gers on board it was injured.
about the enemy for the general
staff. This is the work that the mili
tary men always have said would
prove of the greatest service in con
nection with the use of the aero
plane. In what conflicts they have
had with German aviators, the Brit
ish flying men, according to Field
Marshal French, have 'e'stablished
individual ascendancy" and, he adds,
"something in the direction of mas
tery of the air already has been es
This is particularly gratifying to.
Britons, as England was -one of the
ast powers to go seriously into the
levelopment of aviation, and the
government has been severly criticlz
d for not givin'g it more encourage
TELLS OF BREAK OF WAR'
BRITISH FOREIGN OFFICE TELLS
Asserts That Russia and Austria
Were Almost Made up When Ger
man Sword Appeared in Scale.
The British foreign office Wednes
day night issued in the form of a
White paper the report of Sir Mau
rier D. Dutzen, late British ambassa
dor at Vienna, on the rupture of dip
lomatic relations with Austria, in
which the ambassador declares that
Austria and Russia had about reach
ed an agreement of the Austro-Ser
vian dispute when their c6nserva
tions "were cut short by the trans
fer of the dispute to the more dan
gerous ground of a direct conflict be
tween Germany and Russia."
The ambassador says that al
though two days previously he had
refused to consent to the continu
ance of the conversations at St. Pet
ersburg, Count von Berchtold, Aus
tro-Hungarian minister of foreign af
fairs, on July 30, although Russia
had been partially mobilized, agreed
in a friendly manner that the con
versations should be continued.
"From now onward," says the am
bassador, "the tension between Ger
many and Russia was much greater
than between Austria and Russia, as
between the latter an arrangement
seemed a'most in sight, and August
1 I was informed by Count Schebe
ko, the Russian ambassador that
Count Szapary (Austria na'ubassador
at St. Petersburg) at la.-t had con
ceded the main point of issue Dy an
nouncing to M. Sazonoff, the Rus-dan
foreign minister, that Austria would
consent to submit to mediation the
points in the note to Servia which
seemed incompatible with the main
tenance of Servian independence.
"M. Sazonoff had accepted this
proposal on condition that Austria
would refrain from actual invasion
of Servia. Austria, in fact, had fully
yielded, and that she herself at this
point had good hopes of a peaceful
issue is shown -by the communica
tion made to you on the 7st of Au
gust by Count Mensdorff (Austrian
ambassador at London) that Austria
had neither 'changed the, door' on
compromise nor cut off the conver
"Count Schebeko to the end was
working hard for -peace. He was em
ploying the most conciliatory lan
guage to conver Von Berchtold, and
he informed me the latter, as well as
Count Forgach, had responded in the
same spirit. Certainly it was too
much for Russia to expect that Aus
tria would hold back her armies.
But this matter probably could have
been settled by negotiations, and
Count Schebeko repeatedly told me
that he was prepared for the accept
ance of any reasonable compromise.
Unfortunately these conversations at
St. Petersburg and Vienna were cut
short by the transfer of the dispute
to the more dangerous ground - of
diiect conflict between Germany and
"Germany init'ervened July 31 by
her dou-rble ultimatum to St. Peters
burg and 'Paris. These ultimatums
were of a kind to which only one re
ply was possible, and Germany de
clared war on Russia August 1 and
on France August 3..
"A few days' delay in all proba
bility might have saved Europe from
one of the great calamities in his
HAS PEACE OFFER.
United States Sends Message to Em
peror of the Germans. 1
The knowledge that Emperor Wil
liam for several days has been con
sidering a message from the United
States government, inquiring in ef
feet if Germany desired to discuss
peace measures, set official and diplo
matic Washington on the alert for a
possible exchange of peace terms be
tween the belligernts. No reply
from the emperor had reached Wash
ington up to a late hour Sudday
Notwithstanding vigorous state
ments through official channels last
week that Great Britain, France and
Russia would not make peace until
they had decisively defeated Ger
many, it was admitted in many quar
ters that a favorable answer from
Emperor William to the American
government's inquiry might change
the situation. Such a reply, it was
agreed, would set the machinery for
peace-making in motion.
W~ANT AID FROM ITALY.
Germany and Austria Are Still Seek
ing Her Aid.
Fresh advances have .iust been t
made by both Germany and Austria t
with the object of inducing Italy to 1
abandon her neutrality, it being urg
ed that Italy's action might be de
cisive for either side.C
Austrian naval experts point outI
that the allies, frcom a naval stand- I
point, have achieved nothing against
Austria and argue that it hardly was
possible that they would dare to at- 1
tack the combined naval forces oft
Austria and Italy.,
TAKES SHORT REST.
W1slbon Works Whiie on liest Tri.- to
New Hamijshire. t
President Wi.. got 'l,,.:ri tot
work within a 'ew minutes :tfe.er his
arrival at Cor'tish, N. H., Sa: ''-day.
'eepite the fact ti-at he was sujp.o+ n
dI to be on a -.acation. H-3 rwd re
orts from W4-hington telli i' 'f op- n,
3osition to the war tax measure and
he statement by A. Rustem Bey, a
'urkish ambassador, explaining his
revious statements about the Amer-s
can press. Mr. Wilson. during the v
lay, showed himself thoroughly at
1ome among the New England peo- 1
le. At Battleboro, Vt., he mingled
reely with a crowd, talking to many e
Fletc'her in C'ommand-.t
Rear Admiral Frank Fletcher has re
ssumed complete command of the
'orth Atlantic fleet.
Greenville Bank Gets Currency- ce
The Norwood National bank of jti
reenville has secured $82,00 of the J1
[HEIR OIINS SPIKED
IEPUBLICANS WILL ISSUE NO
THEY HAVE NO ISSUE
tepbulican Senators and Congress
men Having Helped to Pass Demo
cratic Bill, They Can't Protest
Against the New Laws Passed by
Their Political Opponents.
A dispatch from Washington to
The New York World says for the
irst time in many years the Repub
licans will not issue a campaign
book. The National Republican Con
,ressional . Committee has decided
that it would be money wasted to
prepare and print such a book as the
racts would justify. Thcrefore, the
standpatters back home will not be
told in handsome printed form what
their congressmen have been doing
Democrats say that there is a rea
son for the lack of a Republican- cam
paign book this year. They say that
the Republicans have no issue, for
many of their leading men voted for
Democratic measures enacted into
The Democratic campaign workers
point with pride to the following rec
3rd: The Underwood-Simmons tariff
bill passed the House May 8, 1913,
by a vote of 281 to 139, supported
by three Republicans, three Bull
Mloosers and one Independent; by the
Senate September 9, 44 to 37, one
Republican and one Bull Moose vot
ing for it. it.
The tariff bill of the Democrats
became a law by the aid of Republi
nan and Bull Moose congressment,
making it a non-partisan law. The
Republican committee can not con
5istently make an issue on the tariff
when four of their men voted with
The Federal Reserve act, one of
the most popular of the Democratic
administration measures, was sup
ported in the House by thirty-five
Republicans and fourteen Bull Moos
Drs, and in the Senate by three Re
publicans and one Bull Moose. There
is no campaign thunder in that rec
nrd for the Republican Congressional
The Trade Commission bill passed
the House by acclamation and
twelve Republicans voted for it in
Forty-one Republicans and fifteen
Bull Moosers in the House, seven Re
publicans and one Bull Moose in the
Senate, supported the Clayton anti
Eighty Republicans and fourteen
Bull Moosers in the House voted for
the Rayburn Railway Securities bill:
the Senate -has not yet acted on thai
The Lever Agricultural Extension
act and the Industrial Employees'
Arbitration act were passed without
a. dissenting vote by the House and
Seventy Republicans and fourteen
Bull Moosers in the House and twen
ty-four Republicans and one Bull
Mvoose in the Senate supported the
Mfexican war* resolution.
The European war emergency leg
islation was enacted by Democrats
While the Republican Campaign
Committee hesitates to reveal
through printed booklet its record
in the Senate and House since Presi
lent Wilson came into power, the
Democratic campaigners are telling
:he world how President Wilson was
tided in his fight for better tariff,
~urrency and trust laws by such Re
publicans as Senators La Follette of
Wisconsi" and Poindexter of Wash
ington, Norris of Nebraska, Weeks
>f Massachusetts, Clapp of Minne
sota. Cummins of Iowa, Gronna of
Corthi Dakota, Kenyon of Iowa, Ster
ing of South Dakota. Borah of Idaho
tnd Jones of Washington, and Repre
~entatives Cooper and John J. Esch
>f Wisconsin, Henry T. Helgesen of
Corth Dakota and scores of others.
The Republicans are without an
ssue. Col. Roosevelt and his -party
tre more at sea than the Republi
:ans. In order to get a start the
'olonel had to go to Louisiana and
iee his old Bull Moose friend, John
On the other hand, the Democrats
tre proclaiming to the country the
itory of their record at the White
-louse and in Congress.
"Every measure of legislation pro
>osed by Woodrow Wilson since he
>ecame President anca enacted into
aw has received the votes of Repub
icans and Bull Moosers as well as
)emocrats in both the Senate and
-louse." says a statement issued by
he Democratic Campaign Commit
ee. "No other president in the en
ire history of the nation has made
uch a record.
"The legislation of the sixty-third
ongress is Democratic legislation.
~ut it is more than that. It is legis
ation for and on .behalf of and ap
'roved by the vast majority of the
Lmerican people. The laws enacted
'y the Democratic party, like the en
ire record of the Democratic party
.nder President Wilson, rise above
"Service of the whole peole. not
artisan advantage or advancement.
as been the guiding principle of
ction. By vote and speech during
lie pendency of the Democratic bills
Scongress representatives and sena
3rs of the political opposition con
"For all the great remedial enact
icnts in the long. xmpressivc record
f achievement some of the spokes
ien of the Republican and Bull
[oose parties in the House aud Sen
te, as well as the Democrats, voted.
"For others a majority of Reprne
mnatives and senators of all parties
"For still others all the congress
ten of all parties voted.
"Many Republic'an and Bull Moose
>ngressmen have voted for a con
:ructive, go-ahead program, while
thers, a small majority, have voted
hang back. obstruct and even to
Mine Operator-s Accept.
Colorado mine operators have ac
ipted President Wilson's tentative
>rms for an agreement between
>erators and mitgrs of the Colo1rado
CARRANZA HEARD FROM
PORT AT VERA ORUZ HAS NOT
BEEN ORDERED CLOSED.
No Federal Soldiers Have Been- Shot
for Peace and Harmony Prevail
Throughout Constitutionalist Zone.
Rafael Zubaran, of the Mexican
Constitutionalist agency at Washing
ton, announced Saturday night the
receipt of the following message
from Gen. Carranza, first chief of the
Constitutionalist forces, on condi
tiens in Mexico:
- "The alarming reports that you
have brought to my attention as cir
culating in the United States as
Mexican news, have no foundation.
The report that a number of police
men were shot in Mexico City is mi
true. What actually occurred was a
street brawl between policemen and
carousing Constitutionalist troops.
The affair was handled with no diffi
"Not a single Federal officer has
"The decree revoking, the order
promulgated by the governor of the
Federal District and its miltary com
mandant in regard to the occupation
of private property and the formali
'ties requisite for arrest does not
.mean that we intend to wrest from
the people their personal and proper
ty rights. The action was taken as
a temporary measure.
"It is not true that the port of
Vera Cruz has been closed.
"Peace and harmony prevail
throughout 'the zone controlled by
the Constitutionalists, which covers
practically the entire republic.
"Exaggerated reports relative to
Zapatista activities are unfounded.
"The Constitutionalists are work
ing amicably together to establish
permanent peace and a stable gov
ernment. All reports as to division
in our ranks are false.
"Gen. Villa is working in perfect
harmony and -genuine subordination.
By reason of his laudable and patri
otic attitude and in view of his high
merit I have just promoted him to
the rank of division general.
"A large Constituionalist force
was dispatched to the Isthmus of
Tehauntepec. I have recalled 8,000
of these troops because conditions
now are peaceful.
"The stability of the new govern
ment is fully guaranteed by 'the sup
port of an army of 120,000 men, ani
mated with a spirit of patriotism."
COTTON GINNED IN STATE.
Orangeburg County Ranks Third Up
to September 1.
Wm. J. Harirs, director of the cen
sus, department of commerce, an
nounces the preliminary report of
cotton ginned by counties in South
Carolina for the crops of 1914 and
1913. The report was made public
for the State' at 10 a. m. Tuesday,
September 8. The amounts for the
different counties for the crops of
1914 and 1913 are: (Quantities are
in running bales, counting round as
half bales. Linters are not included.)
Abbeville .. .... ....41 *
Aiken .... ........899 526
Anderson .. ........34 4
Bamrberg. .. .. .. ..1,165 757
Barnwell. .. .. .. ..2,734 1,367
Beaufort .... ......70 14
Berkeley.. .. .. .....45 17
Calhoun.. .. .. .. ...658 480
Charleston...... . .. .. 9 *
Cherokee .. .. .. . . *....
Chester. .. .. .. ...71 -96
Chesterfield .. .. ....334 54
Clarendon .. .. .. ...1,543 537
Colleton. .. .. .. ...190 113
Darlington .. .. ....74*
Dillon. .. .. .. .. ..457 214
Dorchester. .. .. .. ...100 134
Edgefield. .. . ... .. 73 40
Fairfield. .. .. .. ....7 5
Florence. .. .. .. ...119 53
Georgetown .... ............
Greenville . .... .. . *....
Greenwood .. .. .....66 13
Hampton .. ........775 302
H-orry .... ........ ........
Jasped ..........* 19
Kershaw .. ........136 50
Lancaster .. .. . . *.....
Lee ............392 141
Lexington .. .. .. ....291 75
Marion... .. .. .....60 67
Marlboro. .. .. .. ...734 90
Newberry .. .. .. ....103 29
Oconee ...... * *
Orangeburg.... .. .. 1449 1,176
Pickens.. .. .. .. .. ...... ...
Richland .. ........607 367
Saluda ............66 16
Spartanburg. .. .. ...21 *
Sumter.... .. .. .. .. 1111 4 49
Union .. .. .. .. . . *....
Williamsburg .. .. ....28 24
York .... ........57 10
Total .. .. .. ..14,633 7,264
*Not shown separately in order to
avoid disclosures of individual opera
Government to Detail Pure Food Ex
pert in South Carolina.
J. S. Abbott, chemist for the Unit
ed States department of agriculture
in the matter of State co-operation,
was in conference Thursday with E.
J. Watson, commissioner of agricul
ture. It was said that Mr. Abbott
would assign an experienced field
man to the State department within
the next ten days for the purpose oi
having South Carolina the first State
to co-operate fully and actively with
the federal government in the pure
food and drug law. Mr. Abbott has
toured 35 States with this in view
and expressed himself as being pleas
d with the efforts that South Caro-t
lina has made in the matter of pure
food and drugs.t
Russia Watching Italy.
Russia, according to Petrograd
dispatches, regards the entry of Italy
into the war as inevitable, and is:
anxiously watching for signs of her
Pn is Succeeding.
Ad vice from all over the South
and some northern states indicate
tlat the btuy-a-bale movement is de
veedaa larger &,.-1. than'.t;c
o.-- g-n ,1!: .i nod fv. Il
LEAVES VERA ERBZ
AMERICAN TROOPS ARE ORDERED
TO EVICUATE PORT.
SOLDIERS WILL RETURN
Mexican President Says Mexican Peo
ple Will Misunderstand Longer
OccupationaM ost of Warships
Will Also Depart From Mexican
The American troops have been
ordered withdrawn from Vera Cruz.
The following statement was given
out at the White House Tuesday
"The troops have been ordefed
withdrawn from Vera Cruz. This
action is taken in view of the entire
removal of the circumstances which
were thought the jus-lfy the Qccupa
tion. The further presence of the
troops is deemed unnecessary."
The announcement followed a -dis
cussion of the situa'tion at a cabinet
meeting and came as a direct result
of favorable advices from- Paul -Ful
ler, President Wilson's personal rep
resentative, who is returning from
an investigating trip to Mexico.
American soldiers and marines,
under Gen. Funston, who have held
Mexico's principal seaport since it
was.seized by the fleet April 21 last,
will embark for home as soon -as
transports can go after them, and.
shortly afterward all of the war fleet
except a few light draft vessels will
The evacuation order is -the- con
cluding chapter of the second armed
conflict between the United States
and Mexico, in which a score 'of
Americans lost their'lives, nearly 100.
were wounded, and upwards of 300
Mexicans were killed or wounded.
Specifically, the American forces
were withdrawn at the urgent appeal
of Gen. Cararnza, first chief of the
Constitutionalist army. Though Paul
Fuller, personal representative of
Preisident Wilson in Mexco, Gen.
Carranza set forth that the presence
of American troops, instead of being
a safeguard against further revolu
tion and peace with . the United
States, constituted a constant men
ace.to friendly relations.
The Mexican chief contended
and he was supported .by Gens. Villa
and -Obregon-that the Mexican peo
ple would not understand the con
tinued presence of American troops
on Mexican soil and would' cherish
resentment no matter hc. well in
tentioned the Amierican government
Until Tuesday . the Washington
government had not decided on any
fixed time for the withdrawal and
awaited negotiatiops with the new
government. At first the president
believed It desirable to keep Ameii
can forces at Vera Cruz for salutary
effect, hoping a constitutional elec
tion would be conducted fairly .and
the troops would ~brought back after
a constitutionally elected executive
was in power. The Constitutional
st chief argued, however, that no
election could be free with a part of'
Mexican territory controlled by -
The president discussed the sub
ject with his cabinet, some of whom,
it is understood, did not favor the
move.. It finally was the consensus -
of opinion that the main purpose of
the American expedition to Vera
Cru-to punish the affront to 'the
fag at Tampico-had been achieved.
Another circumstance which in
fuenced the president's judgment
was the approaching general conven
tion of military chiefs. October 1,.
when a provisional president will be
designated. Gen. Carranza wished
to be able to turn over the ~power
to a successor with the country abso
lutely. at peace with its northern
On the question of recognition, it
is known the president and his- ad
visers have reached no decision. The
conference on October 1 will desig
nate a provisional president, who
will undoubtedly be recognized if all
factions accept him. The United
States, as well as Argentina, Brazil
and Chile, will consider the popular
acceptance of the provisional presi
dent chosen at that conference as the
fulillment of the protocols signed at .
the Niagara Falls mediation confer
ence. President Wilson is confident
a stable government soon will restore
Mexico to its normal condition.
NOT QUITE DEAD.
German Bear is Not Yet Ready for
Military critics ot Paris and Lon
don, although appreciating fully the
German reverse along the line from
Paris to Verdun and applauding the
splendid feat of arms of the French
a~nd British troops, caution the pub
lic against a too rapid assumption
that the Invaders are beating a dis
rderly retreat. The critics point out
that a great army, such as the Ger
mans have pushed into France, still.
posseses considerable power of re
sisting pursuers and that it may as
sume a counter offensive.
Discussing rumors of a German
shortage of ammunition, authorita
tive circles acknowledge that the
lack may have occurred in some por
tions of the fighting line, but decline
to believe that a fighting machine
such as the German army with an
pen country at its back while ad
rancng, could be allowed to run
hort as a whole.
Austria Claims Victory.
An official communication received
n Rome, Italy. from Austria, denies
he claims of the Russians and as
erts that the Austrians have cap
ured 100,000 of the enemy and 500
"Soldier" a Woman.
Among the French wounded at
oisy-le-Zee was a young laundress
vho had fought in the trenches. No
ne suspected her identity until after
Reports from many places through
t the South tell of the buying of
otton at ten ce'pt *o MMd off the