Newspaper Page Text
VOL.XXVIII MANNING, S, C., WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER
TIIIMEN ROD SAFE
nK T MUL LIn up BY
IMAN MW ST AT
hmee Men Arrested on Suspicion
As Bandits Pass Down Road They
Shot at Everybody They Caught
gight of-Dogs Do Good Work in
A telephone message to Mullins
from Nichols at an early hour Wed
nesday morning stated that the Bank
of Niichols bad been robbed. Rural
Policeman Hunter left by daylight
for the scene and Sheriff Dozier and
Oficers Berry and Deans went to Pee
Defe, hoping to head the cracksmen
off should they attempt to escape by
train. Shortly after daylight Officer
Byrd ,oticed two men coming down
the railroad from toward Nichols,
and locked them up under suspicion,
x. pending an investigation. -
It was not long before Officers Ber
ry and Davis reported from Pee Dee
that they had picked up a suspect
there. The officers boarded the Wil
mington train and carried their pris
oner back to Nichols. On the same
train was John Robbins, of the peni
tentiary, with his bloodhounds, hav
ing been reached over the long dis
tance telephone In time to catch the
train. from Columbia.
The b'ank building had been roped
et, and when the dogs were carried
in the bank they readily took the
-scent andaran down the railroad for
some distance, and turning to the
right, followed a trail over the public
road near the new bridge, where it
was lost. This led to the belief that
the robbers escaped by a vehicle in
waiting for them.
After the dogs had failed to carry
the trail- further Guard Robbins-re
turned to Nichols and left the dogs
tn the opposite side of the street from
the -ank. By this time' there was
possibly three hundred to four hun
dred persons in the crowd. He then
Jnstructed that the man arrested at
Pe Dee be taken out in. the woods
i ad made to climb a tree.
At the same time several other
parties were instructed to go off in
different directions from that taken
by thfe person suspected. Robbins
blew his horn and a dog was releas
e He ran through the cowd to his
master, passing over the hundreds of
footsteps; 'finalLv he ran back, 'and
tfie moment he scented the tracks
made by the man arrested at Pee-Dee
he dashed off through the field and
olowed the trail straight to the
tree. The 'prisoner was brought
down, protesting his innocence. Sev
eral trials were made, but the dog re
fused to follow any other trail.
The -prisoner. was afterwards car
ried :to Marion and placed in jail to
await further developments. He gave
his name as-TomL Reynolds and claim
ed Richmond as his home. He was
apparently about 30 years of age. His
.left -arm was off just below the
shoulder. He had blue eyes, light
- pi, was fair-complected, with high
forehad, and seemed rather indiffer
eat to the serious predicament he.
was in, only claiming that he was in
nocent of the charge.
The- burglary happened about 2:30
ocloet Wednesday morning. There
-was an explosion in the bank build
ing. In the adjoining building on the
change the operator was asleep, and
in -a room. almost over the banka
negro barber was sleeping. The
- dce of the ^explosion almost thret"
the barber out of bed.
The operator and barber stated
that~ they rushed out and saw three
mean on the ground. In a few sec
onds residents living near were up
and groping through the misty dark
ness toward the bank. A second ex
plosion convinced them that safe
e racker were at work in the bank.
-Dr. Ayers, who lives just across ti~e
,street, ventured out with his shot gun
and fired three shots In the direction
of the bank. -One of them struck the
end of a freight car and the others
were saidl to have gone through the
bank window. The shots were
promrptly returned by the intruders,
aniso far as- the reporter coulid- learn
no> one else ventured out until the job
was completed and - the cracksmen
left, not until, however, they had fir
*ed the third charge. It was claimed
by some that there was at least thirty
minutes between the first and last re
While all this was going on the
operator and barber remained in the
building, panic-stricken. They were
*afraid to leave on account of the
guard and 'eipected every moment
that the building would be blown up.
They called to those in houses near
by to come and carry them away, but
could not get any one out.
Shortly after the third explosion
the safe-blowers came out and all
went up the railroad. -Karl Griffin,
who lives just beyond the depot, says
a sthey gassed his house he was
standing on the front porch and ask
ed what the 'rouble was. They fired
one or two shots at him and proceed
ed on down the road. A negro liv
ing near Nichols stated that he pass
ed five white men on the railroad
about 12 o'clock and that two hours
later he saw them coming back from
The beautiful little Bank of Nich
ols is almost a complete wreck. The
entire front of the safe was blown
away and part of it hurled through
the ceiling, carrying off the top of the
house. Every window in the build
ing was shattered. A sledge hammer
and bolts were secured by which at
entrance was made.
Inside the safe the cracksmer
found an iron chest in which thE
money was stored. It was this tha1
required in the third charge of nitro
glycerine. In the strong box wa!
eighteen hundred and fifty dollars it
currency and coin. In the box wa!
thirteen one-hundred-dollar bills be
side other denominations. A carefu
examination convinced the presideni
that very little of tne currency wa!
secured by the burglars, as the ter
rible far seemed to have literally torr
the bills into shreds. Only thirtyv-si:
dollars and sixty-four cents was pick
ed from the debris. The cashier, B
B. Elvington, stated to the reporte>
that the bank was fully protected b:
insurance. W. McG. Buck. of th<
Bank of Mullins, is president of th<
TO START NEW DASH
NEW YORK WRITER SAYS THE
GERANS ARE PREPARING.
Looks for Another Drive Along Coast
Towns-Belgium Has Been Heac
iy Fortified by Teutons.
A correspondent of the New York
Times writes from "A Town in Bel
gium": In spite of all the state
ments to the effect that the Germans
are retiring on the line between Dix
mude and the coast, I am not yet con
vinced that they will depart without
making another attempt to break
through. What may be said is that
the longer they delay the harder their
task will be.
As it is the German heavy guns
have disappeqred from the firing line,
in all probability because the mud is
fast making it impossible to move the
heavy pieces in haste. Now the Al
lies have only the lighter artillery to
face, and these are particularly ac
tive only at intervals. .
Recently the German artillery be
gan with extraordinary suddenness a
terrific bombardment of the French
intrenchments. It started about 7
o'clock in the evening and lasted un
til nearly midnight. From a consid
erable distance it was possible to see
the flashes, which occurred probably
at the rate of twenty a minute, and
to hear the incessant booming. Along
the rest of the line the German guns
The French batteries, most excel
lently concealed, replied with less
violence but with considerably more
precision. The continuous flashes gave
away the German positions, and the
French artillerymen went about their
work coolly and steadily. Next day
showed that some German guns had
been silenced once for all.
This little incident serves to show
how erratic is the foe with whom the
allied armies have to deal, and it is
because the Germans do not hesitate
to attempt tie, impossible that I think
that even yet there may be a renewed
attempt to break brough the Dix
Their only possible hope of success
depends-upon their big guns. At the
present time Flanders is a sea of mud
Into which the big guns would inevit
ably sink. Soldier for soldier, the
Belgian and the Frenchman are quite
equal to the German, and the light
artillery of the Allies is very plenti
ful. Robbed of the use of their big
guns the German offensive-must fail.
While the Allies have been making
sure of their defense they have at the
same time made possibae an advance
in force, but the retaking of Belgium
is going to be a long and terrible bus
I have the best possible authority
for stating that the defenses behind
the German lines are singularly com
plete. British airmen have inspected
from above the formidable defense
works, built of concrete, which ex
tend from Eccloo to Brussels, a dis
tance of approximately sixty miles.
Italian Premier Once Again Outlines
Course of His Country.
The Italian parliament Thursday
with sittings of both the chamber of
deputies and the senate witnessed by
hundreds of- deeply interested specta
tors. Italy's position was set forth
in a statement by Premier Salandra,
who advised that she maintain a
watchful and armed neutrality. He
was frequently applauded.
The premier said the European
conflict broke out suddenly without
involving Italy directly and in spite
of her efforts to avert the war for the
sake of peace and civilization. A
careful study of her treaty obligations
and the causes of the conflict con
vinced the government that Italy was
not called on to participate and she
accordingly declared her neutrality.
In view of the necessity of protecting
Italian Interests, however, a declara
tion of neutrality alone was not suf
ficient to guard against contingencies.
The political division of the con
tinent of Europe, the premier pointed
out, perhaps were about to be modi
fied. Italy, he added, has vital inter
ests to protect and aspires to main
tain her position as a great power and
to preserve intact her policies. She
therefore must be watchful, powerful
and ready for any eventuality. The
supreme task of the government was
to bring the army and navy to a state
of preparedness since, when law
ceases to govern, the only safety of a
nation is in force. Italy must be
ready to protect herself.
SENT IT OUT.
essel Bound for Charleston Held on
Suspicion at New York,
Assistant Secretary Peters Thurs
day night instructed Collector of Cus
toms Malone, at New York, to grant
clearance papers to the American
steamship Berwind, recently detained
by customs authorities there pending
an investigation to determine wheth
er she had violated the neutrality
The Berwin was charged with fur
nishing contraband articles to a Ger
man warship outside the three-mile
limit. Upon investigation, however,
the treasury department found it had
no grounds upon which to hold her.
The vessel, it was said, is clearing for
Charleston to take aboard a cargo of
cotton for Bremen.
Naval Strategist Dead.
Admiral Alfred T. Mahan, greatest
modern writer on naval strategy,
died Tuesday at the naval hospital at
Mill Increase Wages.
The Irene Cotton Mills of Gaffney
announce an increase of twenty per
cent. to all employees of the mills.
Heads of Allies Meet.
President Poincare, King George,
King Albert. and Gen. Joffre mnet on
the fields of France Thursday.
France to Take Part.
The French government, it is an
nounced, will maintain an exhibit at
the San Francisco exposition.
Will Enforce Neutrality.
Chile has dispatched three destroy
ers to seek out the alleged German
base near her coast.
American Troops Home.
Three hundred and fifty marines
have arrived at Philadelphia fron
M"3 RULED CITY
NEXICAN APMTAL IN TERROR
DURING HOLE IEEE
POLICE WERE UNHARMED
Students Formed Posse and Cleared
Principal Streets of the Trouble
some Element-Zapata's Forces
Are Now Keeping Order in Ancient
For one week Mexico City has been
isolated from the outside world, so
far as concerned the transmission of
press dispatches. Wednesday com
munication was restored by a wire
from the capital to El Paso and it is
possible to recount in detail the story
of the last few days, only fragments
of which hitherto have passed beyond
When Gen. Lucio Blanco left the
city early Tuesday, November 24. few
inhabitants knew of his departure.
Towards noon heavy firing was heard
in the neighboring suburbs. Here
the retreating forces of Gen. Blanco
were deserted by their chief. They
fought the advance guard of Gen.
Zapata. During these engagements
sixty men were killed and Blanco's
men retreated northward through
It then became generally known
that Gen. Carranzo had ordered both
Obregon and Blanco to leave the city
with all their men. The order also
called for the disarmament and the
dissolution of the entire police force.
As Zapata's forces had not pene
trated the city proper and as the Con
stitutionalist plan called for complete
abandonment of the capital, when the
order to dissolve the police force be
came known fear and rage divided
the feelings of business and residen
tial communities. Stores and banks
were closed immediately and have re
mained closed. Foreigners and Mexi
cans kept close to their homes.
At 5 o'clock Tuesday mobs began
forming in front of the national pal
ace. It was.evident that serious trou
ble was brewing and the streets were
cleared of all save four rioters. With
cried of "To the arms store! there
are no police," the crowds ran from
the open plaza to the places designat
ed on the Avenida 16th of September.
Here the leaders forced the doors
of one of the largest establishments
selling arms and ammunition and
handed out the weapons to the wait
ing throngs. With these the rioters
rushed down the streets, firing as
This firing began at dusk on the
evening of November 27 and resulted
in the shutting up of all establish
ments, both public and private, until
the cause of it was learned.
Excellent order is now Cing pre
served in the city, but eleven firemen
were killed Thursday hight by Zapa
ta soldiers, who, when the firemen
answered an alarm, mistook their ap
paratus for rapid fire gqns and artil
lery and' poured volley after volley
into the defenceless men. Seven fire
men killed outright and four died on
the way to the hospital. Many were
Wednesday the advance guard of
the Villa army, under Gen. Angeles,
reached the outskirts of the city.
There are 6,000 Infantrymen in the
detachment and they are encamped
about a mile back of the Chapultepec
Castle. -These.men will not enter the
city until the bulk of the array of
Gen. Angeles arrives, which will be
about the end of the week.
A large detachment of Villa troops,
under Gen. Jose Isabel Robles, is re
ported to have defeated the division
of Gen. Pablo Gonzales and captured
the city of Pachua. When the Car
ranza forces deserted Mexico City
they took with them one of the loco
motives and all available rolling
stock, so that for the past week the
various railway stations and yards
have been empty.
Troops from the north are bring
ing many trains with them. Tele
phone lines connecting the capital
with the suburbs had been working
busily, however, and the Zapata
forces on the outskirts were asked to
come into the city. They responded
Meanwhile students had met and
decided to arm themselves and dis
perse the mobs if no assistance came
from the besieging soldiers on the
outside. The crowds heard of these
preparations and broke up into small
parties, spreading out over the en
When the Zapata forces entered
Mexico City the students, armed with
all sorts of weapons, already hadl
taken possession of the principal
streets. These manifestations awed
the mobs, who confined themselves to
breaking into small stores along thg
Terror was 'added to the situation
by the fact that the men of Gen.
Blanco's command, in their hurry to
get out of harm's way, held up
coaches and unhitched horses or
broke into public an~d private stables
and seized any animal tha't would en
able them to escape. During these
operations considerable firing was go
Eduar'do Iturbide, governor of the
federal district under the Carbajial
regime, led the reorganization of the
police force, calling on all former
army officers for that purpose. Senor
Iturbide. working in conjiunction with
Col. Saldana, of the Zapata forces,
and by 1~0 o'clock that night 200 foot
and 100 horse of these volunteers
were patrolling the streets. By mid*
night complete order prevailed in the
down town districts.
Booty From 'Tsing Tau.
The Japanese captured gt Tsing
Tau 2.500 rifles, 100 machine guns,
0 field guns and provisions to feed
five thousand soldiers three months.
Troops in Egypt.
Australian and New Zealand troop!
have been landed in Egypt. where
they will be trained for European
Air Bombs on Krupp's Shop.
The Krupp factory at Essen was
bombarded by air bombs Wednesday.
The damage. if any, is unknown.
King George at the Front.
The king of England is at preseni
at the front of the battle line witi
NEGROES FORMED MOB
NEW YORK FIREMEN AND PO
LICEMEN SET ON BY 3,000.
Arrest of Black Artilleryman Start
Rioting in Harlem-Doctors an(
Samuel Reeves, a negro coast artil
leryman at Fort Slocum, drew
crowd of negroes about him in th(
middle of Lenox Avenue, betweer
137th and 138th streets, New York
early Tuesday evening wnile be aired
his grievances against a restaurani
proprietor across the way. Police
man Rane of the Lenox Avenue sta
tion shouldered his way through the
crowd, and started to feel the sol
dier's pockets. He was struck on the
jaw and knocked down.
Other members of the cron d fell
upon Rone until he drew his night
stick, banged his assailant over the
heads to the right and left, and final
ly made them clear a way for him
and his prisoner by firing two shots
With his prisoner the policemar
hurried toward the 137th street en
trance of the Harlem hospital, just
around the corner. The negro had
received a scalp wound. The mob fol
lowed and threw bricks and battleE
Assitant Supt. C. D. O'Neil got to
gether several of the house p~hysicians
and a crowd of orderlies, numbering
altogether more than a dozen and
went to the gate to see the police
man and his prisoner safely inside.
A crowd of 3,000 negroes showered
them with bricks and bottles. Some
of them were cut and painfully bruis
Meanwhile Policeman Joyce and
Finnernan of the Lenox Avenue sta
tion, who had heard the two shots
fired, had come on the run. They
arrested Herman Prieto, 20 years, a
negro, of 56 East 132nd street, and
sought a refuge from the mob for
themselves and their prisoner in a
saloon on the southeast corner- of
137th street and Lenox - Avenue.
When they entered the place they
were assailed by the mob of negroes,
still throwing bricks. Joyce was cut
in the mouth and Finneran was hit
on the head. . Both had their hands
cut following the smashing to two
large plateglass windows in the sa
A call for the reserves was sent in
to the Lenox Avenue station, and
Capt. O'Neal hurried twenty men
over to the riot, and with a patrol
wagon collected all the available men
on the post and sent them to rein
force the reserves. A small fire in
West 138th Street brought several
engines and added to the excitement.
The firemen were showered with miis
siles by the mob.
The reserves were attacked. znd
several men were cut and 'bruised.
Nightsticks were flourished vigorous
ly, and soon the mob melted away,
but not until there were many bruis
ed heads and bloody faces among
them. Several plate-glass windows
in stores ana windows in passing
street cars were smashed.
, BELGRADE CAPTURED.
Austrian Army Takes Capital of Their
-Belgrade, until the outbreak of the
war, Servia's capital, was occupied
Tesdaw by Austrian troops. The
Servians previously evacuated the
Thus, on the 66th anniversary of
the reign of Emperor Francis Jos
eph, who again is reported seriously
ill, and four months after teh out
break of war, his generals report one
of the most important successes they
Belgrade frequently was bombard
ed early in the war and but for the
necesisty that comhpelled Austria to
send troops against Russia must have
fallen easy prey to Servia's big neigh
Apparently Austria miscalculated
the nature of the Servian opposition
and only after Bosnia was invaded
did she send a sufficient force against
the Servians 'to drive them back. 'ow
they are being forced backward and
are eagerly looking for the advance
of the Russians into Hungary to af
ford them relief.
Russia has been sending Cossack~
raiding parties through the Carpa
thians to dive. t Austria's attention,
but the dual monarchy seemingly ih
determined to finish with Cervia first.
South American Countries to Seek As.
sistance of U. S.
Proposals for creating a neutra
one in the waters of the Westerr
Hemisphere and conserving the right
of neutrals will be laid by the United
States before the governing board o1
the Pan-American Union, which con
sists of diplgn.atic representatives o:
the 21 American republics.
The general'-purpose of the meeting
is to reach a concord of views or
neutrality question so that the 21
American republics will speak as witl
one voice to the European belligereni
powers whenever new questions arise
After conferences between Pinesi
dent Wilson, Secretary Brya n an<
Counsellor Robert Lansing, it wa:
decided that the only feasible plan a
present was to lay the entire questiol
before the Pan-American governi
TILLMAN SCENTS TRUST.
Suspects Midvale Steel Company Be
longs to Armor Plate Trust.
The congressional committee inves
tigating the cost of armor plate man
ufacture completed its work on the
present trip Saturday. Committe<
members Saturday night said tha
they had obtained little informatioi
as to the actual cost of making armo
plate at the Midvale steel shops, an<
added that their investigations at th'
Carnegie and Bethlehem plants ha<
been equally unsatisfactory. Senato
Tilman declared that the only defi
nite information the committee has
received was that "the Midvale com
pnay has been driven by the govern
ment into what I believe is an armo
David Lamar Guilty.
David Lamar, the lobbyist, who iE
personated Representative Palme1
has been convicted and sentenced t
two ye.r ip th e fed ar' i nanitentimr
SHOT THREE WOMEN
NORTH CAROLINIAN IN JAIL FOR
After Killing His Victims Murderer
i Builds Fire and Plays Banjo Until
It develops that young Lowe Dan
iels, in jail at-Asheboro, N. C., charg;
ed with a triple murder, had warned
Edgar Varner, Lora Luther and
"Coon". Daniels, his alleged victims
of Saturday night, to stay away from
his home, charging that the women
were "eating up everything he made"
-and thinking Varner's visit unwar
- Lowe Daniels is a son of William
Daniels of Davidson county. Young
Daniels was born and reared in
Davidson under rather adverse in
fluences. The family were blockaders
and young Lowe developed, it is said,
into an all round tough. A few years
ago he married a young woman nam
ed Luther, a daughter of Ransom
Luther, who lived in the southwestern
part of Randolph county in which is
known as the Pisgah section.
Young Daniels made his home
about one mile east of the little negro
town of Striby and his sister, "Coon"
Daniels, made her home with him a
part of the time and his wife's sister,
Lora Luther, stayed with them part
of the time. It develops that young
Edgar Varner, one of the victims, was
a not infrequent visitor at the Daniels
It seems that Daniels left home
Thursday at noon for a visit to his
old home in Davidson. He returned
Saturday afternoon at 5 o'clock, put
' his mule, fed and watered him
id came in the house and had sup
r. While they all sat around the
-re with apparently nothing wrong
until about 7 o'clock.
He got 'up and got his gun and
without any preliminaries shot young
Varner in the right side of the face,
killing him instantly. He then turn
ed and shot his wife, the shot-passing
near her chin, cutting into it some
and lodging in her shoulder, tearing
most of the upper part of her should
er 'away. - A few shots also lodged in
Immediately after Mrs. Daniels was
shot her sister, Miss Lora Luther,
ran to her assistance and Daniels
turned his gun on her, shooting her
in the side of the head and killing
her instantly. The shot cut off one
finger and knocked many of her teeth
out. They wer found later scattered
over the floor. At this juncture his
sister, "Coon" Daniels, who was in a
rear room, came running in and was
met by a load of shot in the head, dy
Daniels, as told by his wife at the
preliminary hearing, built on a good
fire, with pine knots, got out his
banjo and proceeded to entertain
himself musically. He occasionally
addressed a remark to his wife who
lay withering in her own blood and
-be blood of the other three which
literally ran In sti'eais dver the floor.
SUBMARINES SINK TWO.
German Underwater Dogs Travel-Fur
ther Than Ever Before.
It was reported in London Satur
day that two IBritish steamers were
sunk off Havre yesterday by German
submarines. The steamers were the
Malachite and the :Primo. Their
crews were rescued. Those from the
Malachite were landed at Southamp
tonand those from the Prima at Fe
camp, France, on the English chan
Lloyds report indicates that Ger
man's submarines have made one of
their most daring feats. This is the
first occasion when their activities
have been reported in these waters.
Apparently they made their way
through the Straits of Dover to a
point more than one hundred and
fifty miles from their nearest base.
The Malachite was a small steamer of
718 tons gross. She was built in
Glasgow In 1902. The gross tonnage
of the' Primo was 1,3 66. She was
laid down in Stockton in 1898.
"JIM CROW" LAW INVALTD.
Supreme Court Makes Decision U'pon
.Case from Oklahoma.
The supreme courtq Monday an
nounced through Justice Holmes that
the "Jim Crow" law of Oklahoma was
invalid insofar as it allowed- the fur
nishing of sleeping, parlor and chair
cars only to white persons, but failed
to so decree because the suit to en
join the enforcement of the statute
by five negroes had been too general
in setting up the rights of the ne
Chief Justice White and Justices
Holmes. Lamar and McReynolds join
ed the other justices in affirming the
decision of the lower court but did
not concur with the holding on con
stitutionality as it refers to railroad
cars. Althoggh a majority of the
court expressed the opinion that the
law was invalid, that was not decreed
because of the error in the previous
KINGS AT THE FRONT.
Head of All Belligerents Visit Armies
in the Field.
The battle in Northern Poland is
being fought out under the eyes of
the German emperor, on the one side,
and the Rtussian emperor. on the
other. These two monarchs left for
the front Tuesday, so that virtually
the heads of all the nations at war
are with their troops.
The king of England is in France:
- the king ,of Belgium, as usual. is
- spending all his time with his sol~
diers, whle Prcsident Poincare, of
France, started Tuesday for another
visit to the northern battlefield.
rPresident Meets Chiefs.
SGuitterez, provisional president of
2 Mexico, is to confer with Gens. Vjlla
and Zapata as to the occupation o0
rthe capital of Mexico.
. Atlantic Fleet Dispersed.
- The eleyen battleships. composini
r the Atlantic fleet, have -dispersedc
after holding their manoeuvres of]
the Virginian coast.
- Many Austrians Face Servians.
-Petrograd reports that 50,0.00 Aus
trians are engagaed in the campaigt
REACH NO DECISION
BATTLE BETWEEN VISTULA AND
WARTA RIERS CONTIUE
GERMANS BEIN ATTACKS
Russians Approach Within Firing
Distance of Cracow, But Battle in
Center Maintains Front Rank of
ed for German Army's Escape.
In Poland, where all eyes are fixed,
the Germans, after extricating them
selves from a difficult and menacing
position, are direbting their efforts
against the Russian army, which
failed a few days ago to encompass
the invaders. -
London reports: "It is apparent
that a new battle has developed
southwest. of Lodz, where the Ger
mans have' formed a new line with
fresh forces brQught from Kalise, and
are again trying to penetrate the Rus
Petrograd reports officially:
"Fighting continues in certain dis
tricts along the front in the region of
Lowlcz. Important forces of the en
emy, chiefly troops transported in No
vember from the German west front,
opened an offensive on December 2 in
the regfion of Lioutomersk and Sezer
"On the rest of the front on the
left bank of the Vistula there is no
particular modification in the situa
Berlin reports officially: "Although
no news is being received concerning
operations about Lowicz, Russian Po
land, it is assumed German attempts
to flank the Russian right wing are
continuing. The great value of such
a move would consist in forcing the
Russians southward away from the
route. toward Warsaw and into the
rear of the Russian main army. Much
depends on the progress made by the
Germans and Austrians on the.front
and on the enemy's left. So far they
have maintained their positions and
repulsed all attacks, but whether they
have advanced is not known. The
Russian "loss the last few days of
100,000 captives and many guns is
considered by local critics as bound
to weaken them seriously."
London reports: "Advices from
both Berlin and Petrograd indicated
that the Germans had definitely suc
ceeded in' throwing back the envelop
ing Russian forces and were main
taining stolidly their position west of
Lowicz. Furthermore, it is said that
the Germans are again undertaking
an energetic offensive.
"The completeness of change in the
situation, ascribed variously to the
failure of the Russian general, Ren
nenkampff, to close up the ring about
the Germans and to the brilliant
strategy of the German leaders, is in
dicated by a report telegraphed from
Petrograd by an English correspond
ent who previously had announced
that the Russians had won an over
whelming victory. He now states
that the Germans are holding their
positions, and that the situation 're
mains extremely interesting and haz
-"A German military critic esti
mates that the Russian losses in kill
ed, wounded, prisoners and death
from sickness amount to fully 1,100,
000, or one-third of the nation's best
"In Galicia the situation Is still
confused. Re~cent reports front Pet
rograd that the Russians had invest
ed Cracow on three sides are now
contradicted by an unofficial dispatch,
which says that the invaders are eight
miles from the city. The Archbishop
of Przemysl, the Galician stronghold,
which has been under siege for sev
eral weeks, is quoted as saying that
the situation there is desperate and
that the surrender of the city im
Petrograd reports: "Beyond the
Carpathians ou-~ troops have taken
Bartfield, capturing eight officers, 1,
200 men and six machine guns."
Vienna officials reports via Berlin a
repulse to the besiefiers of Prsemysl,
Galicia. The garrison made a sortie
against the Russians and drove them
back from the outer fortifications.
Tendon reports that the Russians
have approached within firing dis
tance of Cracow, their advance from
Przemysl having proceeded without
any real contest. They are reported
to be mounting the heavy batteries
around the town of Wieliczka, which
they occupied, from the outer forts
of which Cracow can be reached.
London reports: "For a moment,
the Allies are somewhat disappointed
that the realization of a great Rus
sian victory is denied them. They
take some consolation in that the Ger
man attempt to pierce the Russian
lines has failed, and suffering from
heavy losses, the Germans are com
pelled to weaken their armies else
"The Germans assert that in the
Polish manoeuvres they made 80,000
prisoners. The Russians, in a state
ment issued through Rome, say their
captures greatly exceed this number.
All agree that losses have been heavy
and that the battle still is undecisive,
as it probably will be for some days."
Berlin reports: "The report cir
culated in the foreign press that the
23,000 prisonei taken by us at Kut
nt are included .'n the forty thousand
Russian prisoner.s reported by us pre
viously, is tuntrue.
"In the battles at Wialook and
Lodz the eastern army has taken be
tween the 11th of November and the
1st of December over 80,000 un
wounded Russian prisoners."
VALUE OF AIR CRAFT.
Captain Bristol Calls Attention to Its
Service in Fighting.
Aircraft and their great part in
modern wawfare were discussed to
day before the house naval committee
by Capt. Bristol, in charge of the
naval aviation corps.
Capt. Bristol explained the value of
aviators as sea scouts and said while
submarines might not be discovered
from the deck of a ship, they could be
detected by airmen even if submerged
50 to 100 feet under the surface of
President Opposes Investigation.
It is understood that President
Wilson does not consider the present
a timely occasion for the passage of
any bill investigating the military
tength of this coumtry.
ACTIVITY IN THE WEST
LONDON THINKS MORE IS GOIN
ON THAN IS TOLD.
French and Ferman Official Statg
ments Report Activity Along th
The increasing thunder of gun
and of transports bearing wounde
men, has led to the conclusion i
London that a greater degree of ac
tivity has prevailed in West Flander
than has been'reported in the officit
Paris reports officially: "The oni
interesting news relates to our righ
wing and to the day of December 2
On the right bank of the rived Mc
selle we have occupied Lesmenils an
the signal towel of Lon.
"In the Vosges our troops hav
captured the Tete de Faux, south c
the village Bonhomme, which dom:
nates the.range of hills forming th
frontier and has served as an obser
vatory for the Germans.
"In the Alsace the'station of Burr
haupt has been occupied and we hav
established ourselves on a line cor
prising Aspach, the bridge of Aspac
"In Belgium there was a rathe
lively artillery fire directed agains
Nieuport and to the south of Ypres
"The inundations have extended t
the south of Dixmude.
"From the Lys to the Somme ther
has been a violent bombardment, par
ticularly at Aix Noulette, to the wes
"There was quiet along the entir
front from the Somme to the Aisn
and in the Champagne.
"In the Argonne several attacks o:
the part of the enemy were repulsec
and we made slight progress.
"In the Wovre district the Get
man artillery evidenced a certain ac
tivity, but with insignificant results.
Berlin reports officially: The nex
of the communication reads:
"In the western theatre of war th
enemy made insignificant advances
which were checked.
"In the forest of Argonne a stronj
point of support of the enemy wa
taken by the Wuerttemberg infantr;
regiment No. 120, his Majesty. th
Kaiser's own regiment. On this oc
casion two officers and about thre
hundred of the enemy's troops wer,
LOAN FUND READY.
Large Part of Money is Not Expect
ed to be Used.
The last important step prelimi
nary to the active operation of th(
$1l5,000,000 cotton loan fund wa
taken Thursday by the cotton loal
committee when it conileted th<
State committee in 11 of the South
ern states. These committees wil
select local committees at once it
every cotton producing community
The cotton loan committee also an
nounced that a meeting of the chair
men of the State committees woule
be held December 15 to discuss de
tails of the loan plan.
Although the plans for putting th<
fund into the hands of cotton pro
ducers have gone steadily forward, i
was indicated that possibly a larg<
part of the $100,000,000 contribute<
by Northern banks might never b
used. Officials realize that som
Southern producers are nc-t -particu
larly enthusiastic over the plan 11
view of the interest to be paid oi
loans, and of the prices now quotes
on cotton on the New York and Liv
At the same time it was said th
plan is regarded as successful wheth
er a dollar is borrowed under it o
not. The very fact that the cotto:
exhanges have reopened and that cot
ton is selling for fairly good prices
officials declared, was due to some es
tent at least to the completion of th
The State loan committees ar
composed of bankers and the follow
ing were among those announced'.
South Carolina-R. G. Rheti
gle, Jr., Charleston; E. W. Roberts
chairman; Henry Schachte and E. EI
Pringle Jr., Charleston; E. W. Rot
ertson, Columbia; C. G. Rowlanc
Sumter; John M. Kinard, Newberrn
Germany Concentrating Naval Aspira
tion on Under-Water Terrors.
Telegraphing from Copenhage
The London Daily Mall's correspond
ent says: "Ralizing Great Britain'
preponderance in dreadnoughts, wor
at the German dock yards is bein
concentrated on the construction C
submarines and air craft and also o
what are called 'floating batteries.'
"The German theory appears t
be that the British fleet can be heate
by launching against it a huge sul
marine and air attack. It is reporte
that the German fleet agafh ha
steamed into the 'North sea. Abot
100,000 fugitives from East 'Prussi
have been sent to Schleswig Holstei
and Hanover and more than cub1
this number is being cared for in tb
interior of Germany, a majority<
them being without work or food."
. S. Cavalrymen Catch Nine Hleavi]
U'nited States cavalrymen Wednet
day night captured nine heavily arn
ed Mexicans, part of an alleged fil
bustering expedition of 25. The ca]
ture was made after a chase net
Major Arturo Marmanio, one of ti
captured Mexicans, said the exped
tion was aimed at capturing Reynos
Mexico, a border point sixty miles t
tohe Rio rlrande from El Paso. E
said the attack, planned for Thur
day, probably would be postponed b
cause of the vigilance by Unitc
State soldiers. The Mexicans ca:
tured were mainly officers.
Tax Hits Congressmen.
The income tax caused a reductic
of $ 16.000 in the salaries paid by tl
United States to the members of ti
House of Representatives.
DeWet a Prisoner.
Christian DeWet, leader of ti
South Africant rebellion, has be4
TALK Of LACKOF TOI DES -
FLODED BY RENT
SHIPS FULLY EQUIPE
M Bear Admiral Straus, Chief of Bu
s reau of Ordnance, Proves -State.
ments of Representative Gardner to
Y be "Mlsleadng"-Battleships Are
Well Armed With Torpedoes.
What officials regard as popular er
aggeration of admitted defects In the
American navy's torpedo equipment
8 was the subject of a statementzisae
f Thursday. night by Secretary Bazel
embodying a special report from eSAr
e Admiral Straus, chief o,- the buresu
- of ordnance.
Specifically, the statementwas pre
pared to prove misleading a dec
e tion that "of long rangs tor
there are only fifty-eight in i tbe
a navy," quoted from a speech by,Rep
resentative. Gardner, of -Assachu
r setts, who is urging the adm sr
t tion to support his resolution'or an~
investigation of the navy's ,Mtairy
While the recent discussdon-of 7
e subject has dealt only with the eq V#
. ment of battleships and cruiseisd
t miral Straus took occasion to o
out that long range torpedoes a
neither required nor desired forsub
marines. iHe recalled that the3ritlsh
armored cruisers Aboukir, Cressyn1
Hogue were torpedoed and destroyed
I by a German submatine at a range of
"This statement standizig by itsef
- is calculated to leave'a false imnte
sion," said Mr.- Daniels. "In viewLof
repeated statements that the navy has h
t only fifty-eight long range torpedoe,-.
the chief of theb urea"of ordns
has been asked to furnishr am .
concerning the torpedo situation
has complied as follows
"'The fifty-eight long range torpe
does sooften referred to as the onlf
ones the navy possess are of'the .1
inch, 21-foot type, and there is no
ship in the United State&snavyyet
commission:that is prepared to tk
them. They were manufactured for
new construction, beging with-the
Nevada and the Oklahoma,'and these
two ships will not go into commJ16i
until about the end ofntierlye
Their long range is obain
increase in length over-existing tye. 8,
and no ship prior to. the Nevada
Oklahoma is constructed for tyrpe-;
does of this length. So far as the
bureau of ordnance can ascertain
these torpedoes have as hgh irang
or higher, than any torpedoes manZ
"'Beginning- with the . Virgin1
class, which went into commison:
principally in 1906, and up to andfi
cluding the Texas, which went into
commission this- yearall the battle
ships are provided with 21-Inch 17
toot tubes. Within the last twoyean
it was found posible- to so improve7
the 21-inch, 17-foot torpedo as to
practically double its range, and steps
were taken at once to construct-ew
torpedoes having the increased range.. -2
We already have a sufficient umber
i of these longer range torpedoes to
Soutfit the eight. most recent -dread
Snoughts in commission, and that is~
Sthe equipment that they will have oiL
S"'In addition to the above, thiere
Sare being manufactured at the gor
I ernent works at Mewport and the
- Bliss works at. .Brooklyn a sudicient
number to provide all of the' battle
y ships of the United States navy, be-m
. ginning with the Virginia class,- with'
L the long range torpedoes. The Ohio.
i class, first commissioned about 1904,
. are fitted with 18-inch tubes and tor
pedoes of the highest range can not..
.be submitted for the equipment now
furnished them without serious alter
"'All of the armored cruisers, er
cept four, and all of the older de-3
stroyers are provided with 19-Inch -9
tubes. All of the cruisers and all of%
the destroyer'~ subsequent to destro---..
em No. 28 are provided with torpe-N
-does that were up-to-date In range
and speed one year ago. Since thend
.a scheme has been developed for in- -
creasing the range of the 18-Inch .tor
pedo, and there now are in process ofQ
construction 18-inch torpedoes of the
newer type. which-will oufit all de-s
stroyers from No. 28 with long range
"'Long range torpedoes neither
are required, or desired for subzn
rinles. Submarine warfare is of.ub
a character as to make It-advisab
use short range high speed torpedoes.
and that is the class that submarines n
are being furnished with. T1he Abe*
kir, Cressy and Hogue were tore~d
recently, it will be recalled, at'a range
of 500 yards.' " -~
SUPPRESS IRISH PAPERS.
s British Authorities Shutting Down
t ' '
aAlleged Disloyal Press. ~
'A dispatch from Dublin, Ir
esays the newspaper Sinn Fein did t
eappear Thursday. The publishers
fused to print it in consqquenlce- o
having been warned that they would
be liable for printing treasonable~
This is the second step in the sup
pression of Irish publications wi~b
Shave been opposing enlists and .x
pressing pro-German sentiments. Te
police Wednesday night raided the
-office of the Irish Freedom, a. month
t- ly publication, and confiscated a
- copies of the papers offered forsae
- in the news stands.
Scorns Governor's Parole..
e Will Miller, the Indian whow
'paroled upon condition that he ev
Sthe State, refuses to accept the -
D role and remains in theL n
e jail. , He wants to be a free
- when he has served his time.
d Negro Lynched for M(urde.r
- Kane McKnight, charged with th
murder of the postmaster at Sylv
ter, La.. was lynched Thursday.
n Bag of Lyddite 'Explodes.
e Hundreds of windows were bro
L and six men were killed at Brsf
Eng., when a bag of Lyddite explod
e Reichtag Votes Wtar Loan.
n The German reichstag has v
war loan of $1.250,000.000.