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VOL. XXVIii MANNING,, C.,WEDNESDAY, FEBRIAR3
USES VETO UN TE3i
11181 REFUSES TO SION Til
HOUSE IIMGRATION BILL
OPPOSES LITERACY TEST
President Declnes to Add His Sign
tare, Believing That it is Against
.h Wishes of the People-Says
. Party Platforms Must Speak on
Subject so That Voters May Choose
President Wilson vetoed the immi
gration bill Thursday because of the
literacy test for admission of aliens.
His message was referred to the
House immigration committee whose
chairman, Representative Burnett,
wil move next Thursday that the
measure be passed over the veto.
- Much -informal discussion among
umbers of the House followed re
esipt of the veto, and there were
many who believed the two-thirds
Majority required to repass the bill
could not be procured. Immigration
bills containing literacy tests were
vetoed by President Cleveland and by
President Taft, but both times failed
President Wilson's message deliv
ered to the House was as follows:
"It is with unaffected regret that I
nd myself constrained by clear con
viction to return this bill (H. R.
660, 'An act to fegulate the immi
gration of aliens to and the residence
of aliens in the United States'), with
out my signature.
"Not only do I feel it to be a seri
gas matter to exercise the power of
veto In any case, because it involves
opposing the single judgment of a
majority of both- Houses of a Con
gress, a step which no man who real
isee -his own liability to error can
take without great -hesitation, but
also because this particular bill is in
so many important respects admira
ble, well conceived and desirable.
. "Its enactnient- into law would un
toubtedly enhance the efficiency and
improve the methods of handling the
important branch of the public ser
vice to which it relates. But candor
and a sense of duty with regard to
the responsibility so clearly imposed
upon me by the constitutibn in mat
ters of legislation leave me no choice
but to dissent.
"In twd particulars of vital conse
quence this bill enibodies a radical
departure from the traditional and
long-established policy of, this coun
try, a policy in which our people have
conceived the very character of their
govarnment to be expressed, the very
mission and spirit of the nation in
'respect of its relations to the peoples
of the world outside their borders.
"It seems to all but close entirely
the gates of asylum which have al
ways been open to those who. could
2nd nowhere else the right and op
portunity of constitutional agitation
forwhat they conceived to be the nat
ural and inalienable rights of men;
and, it excludes those to whom the op
portunities of elemmentary education
have been denied, without regard to
their character, their purposes, or
ther natural capacity.
"Restrictions l'ke these, adopted
earlier in our history as a -nation,
-would very materially have altered
* the course and cooled the humane
ardors of our politics. The right of
political asylum has brought to this
country many a man of noble char
aster and elevated purposes who was
marked as an outlaw in his own less
fortunate land, and who has yet be
come an ornament to our citizenship
and to our political councils.
"The dhildren and the ~compatriots
of these illustrious Americans must
stand amazed to see the representa
tives of their nation now resolved, in
the fullness of our national strength
and at the matfrity of our great in
stitutions, to risk turning such men
back from our shores without test of
quality or purpose. It is difficult for
me to believe that the full effect of
this feature of the bill was realized
when it was framed and adopted, an'd
*it is impossible for me to assent to it
in the form it is here cast.
' "The literary test and the tests and
*restrictions which accompany it, con
stitute and even more radical change
in the policy of the nation. Hitherto
1ie have generally kept our doors
open to all who were not unfitted by
reason of disease or incapacity for
-self-support or such personal records
and antecedents as were likely to
make them a menace to our peace
and. order, or to the wholesome and
essential relationships of life.
"In this bill it is proposed to turn
away from tests of character and of
quality, and to impose tests which ex
clude and restrict; for the new tests
here embodied are not tests of qual
ity or of character of or personal fit
ness, but tests of opportunity. Those
who come seeking opportunity are
not to be admitted unless they have
already had one of the chief oppor
tunities they seek-the opportunity
of education. The object of such pro
visions is restriction, not selection.
"If the people of this country have
made up their minds to limit the
number of Immigrants by arbitrary
tests and so reverse the policy of all
the generations of 'A-mericans that
have gone before them, it is their
right to do so. I am their servant
and have no license to stand in their
way. But I do not believe that they
"I respectfully submit that no one
can quote their mandate to that ef
fect. Has any political party ever
avowed a policy of restriction in this
fundamental matter, gone to the
country on it, and been commissioned
to control its legislation? Does this
(Continued on last page.)
Eginnd Lends Rumania $25,000,000
An agreement was signed in Lon
don Wednesday in which $25,00,000
was lent to Rumania, which will be
used, it is supposed, for war mate
Francis Joseph to Abdicate?
A report from Geneva, Switzer
land, says that Emperor Francis Jos
eph of Austria, is preparing to nbdi
cate in favor of his son. It is said hE
can not agree with the kaiser con
cerning the war and peace.
Manning Inspects Asylum.
Gov. Manning personally inspectei
the State Hospital for the Insant
Wednesday afternoon. He was ac
companied by. Dr. A. P. Herring.
Canal Opening Postponed.
The formal opening of the cana
will be postponed until next July. an<
accordinly President Wilson's trip t<
Sae a ncnisco will be by rail.
EAST SEES BIG BATFLE
AUSTRIANS MAKE SOME HEAD.
WAY AGAINST RUSSIANS.
Campaign in the West Appears to be
Developing Into Preparations for
Another Great Contest.
London reports Thursday: "Al
though no big battles, as battles go in
this war, have been fought of late
there have been engagements in all
the arenas from Asiatic Turkey to the
English channel, in which the losses
in nien and material probably have
been greater in the aggregate than in
many of the battles of history.
"According to French reports, Ger
man attacks against the allied lines
to Flanders, France and Alsace on the
first three days of the week cost them
20,000 men, to which must be added
the losses 3uffered in repeated attacks
on the Russian entrenchments in Cen
"At attacks in -the west, the Allies'
announcements say, failed except
near Craonne, where it Is admitted
the French lost 800 men, largely be
cause of the collapse of an old quarry.
The Germans, on the other hand, as
serted that they inflicted a severe de
feat on the French at Craonne and
that they repulsed all French attacks
in the Vosges and upper Alsace with
"While it is evident these attacks
and counterattacks cost both sides
heavily, they made no great difference
in the relative positions of the oppos
ing forces. They convey intimation,
however, that the Germans by no
means have given up the idea of de
livering a smashing blow at the allied
"With the approach of dry weather
and the consequent hardening of the
ground they brought up new troops
with the intention of getting in their
blow before the full strength of the
Anglo-French forces was ready to
meet them. - -
"Thus far they have made little, if
any, headway, but, undismayed, are
sending still more troops through
Belgium to Ypres and .La Bassee,
where earlier in the winter they at
tempted to break their way through
to the coast. Knowing .s they must
that the Anglo-French armies have
been greatly strengthened since then,
they themselves must have increased
their striking power."
The Eastern Fight.
A great battle has developed in Ga
licia along a 100-mile front skirting
the Carpathians. This struggle, which
is in pursuance of the new Austro
German plan of shifting the weight of
attack- from central Poland. to the
south, may mark a turning point in
the eastern campaign and both the
Russians and Teutons attach the
highest importance to the outcome.
The Austro-Germin armies, if suc
cessful, would effectually cripple Rus
sia's drive at northern Hungary. Thus
far there are no indications as to the
result of the fighting in this battle,
which probably is- still in its prelimi
To the eastwara in Bukowina,
there is in -progres. fighting which .s
another- phase of the Austro-German
movement to drive back the Russians
to their own territory. Apparently
the Russian sweep across Bukowina
has been halted.
London reports: "In the Carpa
thians a big force of Austro-Germans
has been concentrated and is fighting
not only to stem the invasion of Hun
gary, .but if possible to cut off the
Russian forces occupying Bukowina
to the south. Boi.h Vienna and Pet
rograd emphasize the importance of
the Austrian operations in the Car
pathians. The Austrians claim the
recapture of certain mountain passes,
and Petrograd concedes that the Aus
trians have thrown fresh men into
this region and are evincing activity
along the entire Galician froht."
Petrograd reports: -"In Galicia the
activity of the enemy has increased
on the front between Gasdisk, Oujck,
Nijnevertsk and 'Maidanks, where the
enemy, in addition to artillery fire,
made other endeavors to operate on
the offensive. He was, however, every
where driven back. We took prison
er three officers and about 300 - sol
"The engagements are developing
on a large scale. The front extends
from Mount Dukla to Moant Wszkow.
On the right wing of this front we
have captured 100 prisoners and two
machine guns. .
"In Bukowina on January 25, in
the vicinity of Waleputia. to the
southwest of -Kimpolung, there was
an artillery engagement."
Vienna reports: "In the valleys of
Ung, Latorcza and Nagy-Szamos the
enemy has been forced to evacaute
some important heights after repeat
ed and fruitless counterattacks which
cost the enemy heavy losses.
"Tuesday evening the Russians had
been driven back in the upper Ung
valley from their positions on both
sides of Nzsok Pass.
"This is one of the most important
of the Carpathian passes, for the pos
session of which during the course of
the war many violent engagements
have been fought. Since January 1
it has been occupied by the Russians.
It was strongly entrenched and stub
bornly defended in several good posi
tions, one behind the other. It is
now again in our possession after
three days of fighting.
"To the northwest of Uzsok Pass
and in the matorza and Nagyas Val
leys fighting continues.''
ACREAGE LAW REPEALED.
House Votes to Kill Act by Votes of
Four to One.
The House of Representatives has
voted four to one for repealing the
cotton acreage reduction act passed
at the special session of the general
assembly last October. The advocates
of repealing the measure declared
that a large majority of the farmers
wished this done. The warmest de
bate of the present session followed.
Bg- a vote of 81 to 22 the House re
fused to strike out the enacting words
of the repealing bill and then sent
it to third reading.
The cotton acreage redudlion law
which the House voted to re'pealI pro
vided that not more than on"-third
of each farmer's lands actually uin
der cultivation may be planted in cot
ton. It was passed at the extraordi
nary session of the legislatur" last
Tietorious Fleet Returns.
The victorious English fleet hias re
turned to home ports wvhere the y
were the recipients of muc-h appla !se
Not to be Represented.
The Dutch government has decid-.
ed not to send a wvarship to the Pan
KILL ACREAGE LAW
SENATE PASSES HOUSE REPEAl
Of COTTON REDUCTION
PROHIBITION TAKEN UP
House Votes to Refer Prohibitior
Referendum to the Voters in ai
Election to be Held on Tuesday,
September 14-Majority Vote Will
The House bill to repeal the cotton
reduction law of the extra session
passed second reading in the Senate
Thursday by a vote of 25 to 14.
Those voting for the repealing bill
were: Banks, Beamguard, Beattie,
Black, Brice, Carlisle, Earle, Ginn,
Goodwin, Gross, Ketchin, Lide, Nich
olson,, Nikels, O Dell, Padgett, Pat.
terson, Sherard, Sinkler, Spigner,
Stuckey, Verner, Walker, Wightman,
J. F. Williams.
Those voting against the repealing
bill were: Appelt, Buck, E. C. Epps,
R. D. Epps, Evans, Harvey, D. B.
Johnson, Alan Johnstone, Laney,
Manning, McCown, Mullins, Richard
Senator Hughes, voting aye, was
paired with Senator Lee, voting nay.
The House by an overwhelming
vote of 99 to 17 passed to third read
ing the State-wide prohibition refer
endum proposition. The opponents
to the measure ranged around thirty
votes, at high water mark, but on the
final passage of the bill showed a
On suggestions that the- time for
the election be deferred and on rec
ognizing county expressions there
were twenty-nine v tes cast, but at all
times there was n6t a shadow of
doubt as to what the House would do
with the State-wide bill.
If there as to be an effective fight
it was at all along- appreciated that it
would be on the Senate side, where
the county entity counts for more
than on the House side and the one
senator from a, ccunty has an equiva
lent vote to that of a county with half
doden members in the House.
Those who opposed the referen
dum, however, made a good, clean
fight, no filibuster, but just plain ar
gument that was without avail. The
fight for the referendum bill started
at about -10:30 o'clock and by dinner
time the measure had been ordered
to its third reading, with four roll
This is the first time in a genera
tion that any such important liquor
legislation has been passed without
some sort of legislative delay or more
or less acrimon-ous fight. There were
quite a number of really fine speeches
made pro and con* on the bill. Mr.
McMahan of Columbi Mr. Searson
of Barnwell. Mr. Moise of Sumter, Mr.
Fromberg of Charleston, Mr. Mul
drow of Florence, Mr. Momeier of
Charleston, Mr. King of Georgetown,
Mr. Harris of Greenville, Mr. Beckett
of Beaufort, all joined in fighting the
bill either in phases or as a whole,
but were helpless as well as hopeless
in this particular fight, so strong was
the current in favor of the passage of
the referendum idea.
Arguing in favor of the election
and for State-wide prohibition were
such forces as Mr. Liles and Mr. Fri
day of Orangeburg, Mr - Warren of
Hampton, Mr. Smith of Colleton, and
Mr. 'McCullough of Greenville, who
speaks seldom, but forcefully.
Some of those who opposed the
bill did so on certain features. Mr.
Harris wanted coca-cola treated a
Mr. Beckctt and Mr. Mzise made
their chief fight along the line of
county individua.lly and home rule for
the several counties and to have the
county vote effective -as against the
This was about the only important
matter acted upon Thursday. The
"administration" tax commission
measure e'rs presented during the
The final question was whether the
bill should be ordered to its third
reading and the Str.te-wide prohibi
tion referendum was given its second
reading by the overwhelming vote of
99 to 17, the recoid being as follows:
Yeas-Messrs. Arnold, Atkinson,
Austin, Bailes, Baker, Beckett, Berry,
Blue, Bolt, Bowles J. W. Boyd, R. D.
oyd, Bradford, Brown, Burns,
Carey, Carter, Chapman, Charles,
Cherry, Crum, Dantzler, Dennis, Dew,
Dick, Durst, Etheredge, Fant, Fick
ling, Folk, Friday, Fripp, .Goggains,
J. 3. M. Graham, S. A. Graham. Gray
don, Hammond, Harper, W.. W. Har
ris, Hawkins, Hubbard, Hutchinson,
Hutto, Jackson, Johnstone, LaGrone,
Lane, Lee, LeGrand, Lessile, J. T.
Liles,- Lof ton, Lynch, McCullough,
Mcnnis, McKeown, McLaurin, Mal
pass, A. M. Martin, J. .M. Martin,
Means, Mills, Moise, Mower, Nunn
Odom, Oxner, Pegues, Query, Ram
seur, Reid, Rivers, Robinson, L. M.
Rogers, W. S. Rogers Jr., Rush, Rus
sell, Sanders, Sellers, Shirley, Shuler,
Smith, Strom, Sturkie, Sumner,
Tolle, Traylor, VTarn, Wagnon, Wal
lace, Warren, West, White, Williams;
Wingard, Wolfe, Workman, Wright,
Zimmerman. Total, 99.'
Nays--Speaker Hoyt, Barr, Brigh
ham, Cothran, Fromberg, H. H. Har
ris, Hurfman, King, Leland,'McMa
han. Melfi, Moneier, Morrison, Mul
drow, Senseney, Walker. . Total, 17.
Text of Bill.
Here is the full text of the prohibi
tion referendum bill, as passed by the
Be it enacted by the general as
sembly of the State of South Caro
Section 1. That on Tuesday, the
14th day of September, 1915. an elec
tion shall be held, -pursuant to law,
submitting to the qualified electors of
the State of South Carolina the ques
tion as to whether the manufacture
and sale of alcoholic liquors and bev
erages shall be prohibited or con
tinued in this State, as now provided
by law. And such election shall be
held and conducted under the law:
and in the manner now prescribed fo:
S'-c. 2. Each person favoring the
'anufacue ir' an:d sale of a'coi:h(
liuoirs ani hoverages in South Caro
Iha rap'.t h:is: ballot: "'For the manu
facturr" ;antd sal- (of alcoholic liquori
ad bov<-rnes- in South Carolina.'
and i'achi pe(rson opposing the salt
and manufacture of alcholic liquori
Iand beverages in South Carolina. and
voting on this question, shal.l cast his
ballot: "Against the manufacture ani
sale of alcoholic liquors and bet-er.
ages in South Carolina.' One ballo1
box at each precinct shall be provide:
and all the provisions of law or foret
in regardl to general and special elec
in chsha bennlicahle en anr1 cove.
CONVICT GETS $50,UUU
AUTOMOBILE MEN TELL OF HOA
FORD SAVED CRDIINAL.
Remarkable Career of One Man Who
Was Trusted Despite Stigma of
Men in- the automobile trade of
New York haxe added interesting de
tails to Henry Ford's modest state
ment concernin'g the aid he has given
to convicts. One of the 150 em
ployees of the Ford Motor Car com
pany who have been in prison, as
testified by Mr. Ford before the Unit
ed States commission on industrial
relations, who have been restored to
self-respect with adequate compen
sation, is said to have earned $50,
000 last- year under the Ford profit
sharing agreement with his work
Mr. Ford referred to this man, it is
believed, when he said that once the
prison graduates is employed in a
place of trust and has carte blanche
to employ any man he chooses for the
Ford establishment. /'To many men in
the automobile industry the remark
able history . of this man is well
They agree with Mr. Ford's state
ment that this employee has made a
good showing, gaining self-respect
and strength of character under the
liberal treatment of the Detroit man
ufacturer, and that he has become a
right hand man in the largest busi
ness of its kind in the world. In ad
dition, he has become an active fig
ure in the movement to aid discharg
Briefly told, the man now earning
$50,000 a year was at one time a
bookkeeper, it was said, for a Stand
ard Oil corporation. In that place
social connections and diversions
tempted him to live beyond his
means. He finally yielded to the
temptation to use some of -his em
ployers' money, expecting to replace
it. This intention he was unable to
fulfill, and fearing detection ainne
ed to false entries in his books to
conceal the defalcation. For a time
the device succeeded in covering his
theft, but finally by an accident it
The bookkeper was prosecuted,
convicted and senten'ced to the peni
tentiary. There he became a model
prisoner. He saw the folly of his con
duct-and determined to do something
while in prison toward his own re
demption and that of others.
The prisoner evolved the theory
that many men had fallen because of
temptation thrown in their way by
lack of proper precautions in the way
of checks in accounting. He spent all
his spare time in trying to find a
remedy for this condition and finally
evolved a system that he believed to
be as nearly perfect as human inge
nuity backed by the -experience of a
defaulter could.make it. -. .
The prison officers became interest
ed in .the convict accountant's theo
ries and in turn brought them to the
attention of men active in prison wel
fare work. Through these channels
Henry Fdrd heard of the man. The
result was a shortening of the pris
oner's term and employment by the
automobile builder, who adopted
many of his ideas on bookkeeping in
the elaborate system of accounts
which grew up with the big Ford
business. This one-time convict, re
spected by all his associates, grew
with the business until he reached a
place of importance, which Mr. Fo1'd
describes as "one of trust," with pay
commensurate with his services.
Collision Off Coast of Delaware
Causes Loss of Life.
The steamer Washingtonian, a
freighter carrying no passengers, and
the big schooner Elizabeth Palner,
were in collision Tuesday off the coast
of Delaware, near Cape Henlopen.
Wireless messages said the Wash
ingtonian was sunk and the schooner
sinking. The crews of both vessels,
with the exception of one man, were
The Washingtonian was bound for
Philadelphia and New York from
Honolulu by way of the Panama
canal. The vessel carried about 8,
500 tons of raw sugar for Philadel
phia. She had a crew of 39. The
Elizabeth .Palmer sailed from Port
land, Maine, January 10 for Nor
folk. She carried a crew of seven.
lina, and voting on this ques'on,
the manner of conducting this '
tion, and ascertaining the r .ult
Sec. 3. If the majority of the bal
lots so cast be "For the manufacture
and sale of alcoholic liqulors and bev
erages in South Carolina," any laws
existing of force at the time of such
election shall be and remain in full
force and effect.
Sec. 4. Should the majority of the
ballots so cast be "Against the manu
facture and sale of 'alcoholic liquors
and beverages in South Carolina,"
then the manufacture and sale of al
coholic liquors and bcverages in this
State shall be unlawful, except as
hereinafter rovided, and the author
ities in every county in this State,
now or hereafter vested with the con
trol of dispensaries, where dispensa
ries, where dispensaries for the sale
of alcoholic liquors are now operat
ing under existing laws, shall proceed
to wind up the affairs of such dispen
saries and shall close the same on or
before the first day of December.
1915, and no liquor shall be bought
or contracted for or reecived by any
county dispensary board after the re
sult of said election is declared by the
State board of canvassers.
Sec. 5. The manufacture and sale
of alcohol shall be allowed and per
mitted as now provided by law.
Sec. 6. The words "Alcoholic
liquors and bevera--es," as used here
in, shall be considered to be any li
quor, beer, beverage or compound,
whether distilled, fermented or other
wise, by whatsoever name known or
called, which will produce intoxica
tion, or which contains in excess of
one per centum of alcohol and is used
as a beverage.
Sec. 7. All acts or parts of acts in
consistent with the provisions of this
act be, and the sa nie are hereby, re
pealed. Provided, nothing in this act
contained shall be construed to repeal
any law defining the offence and any
pealty, fine or provision for the en
forcement or law not inconsistent
herewith, but such provisions, penal
ties and fines shall remain in full
force and effect.
Biggest Gun Ready.
IThe biggest army gun, recently
completed for the Panama canal de~
fences, can throw a 2,400 pound shell
FIRES FIVE HOUSES
UNOCCUPIED BUILDINGS IN CO
LUMBIA BURNT DOWN.
Series of Fires Happen Within Two
or Three Houses in Widely Scat
An enterprising firebug gave Co
lumbia firemen a busy night Wednes
day. Five times within two hours
unoccuped dwellings were burnt to
The State says the first fire com
pletely destroyed an old warehouse,
formerly occupied by the DeLay Roof
ing company. Pat Reese, a negro,
lived directly south. His house was
apparently destroyed, along with a
large proportion of his furniture. A
Jewish synagogue, the House of
Peace, is situated north of the ware
house, and was scorched and window
glasses were cracked by the heat.
From this blaze the department
was called on the longest run of the
night, 11 blocks intervening between
the first and second fires. The long
est interval, too, elapsed between
-these alarms, it being 45 minutes be
tween the first and secdnd.
Houses burned on the 1800 block
of Taylor street were two-story, six
room frame buildings. One was total
ly destroyed, and the other approxi
ipately so. Insurance to the amount
of $1,000 was carried on each, which
was far below the valuation.
The alarm for the third fire was
turned in just 15 minutes after the
department had gone to the second
blaze, and called the companies back
three blocks west. The house from
which the fire originated was already
falling in when the second fight could
be abandoned, and was completely
destroyed. Martin Stork owned this
building, which was unoccupied. It
was erected about ten years ago at
an approximate cost of -$4,000. Tn
surance amounting to $2,000 *as car
The fourth alarm swung the fight
ing forces again to the east, five and
one-hilf blacks to Gregg street, Just
north of the Southern railway- shops.
Here two buildings were completely
destroyed, it beifng useless to play
streams of water on these when the
motors arrived. One was occupied by
G. H. Ropp Jr. Much of the furni
ture and household effects were de
stroyed. The fire originated. in the
vacant building to the southward.
Two other empty residences adjoined
on the south.
Thirty minutes elapsed between the
fourth and fifth alarms. - Again the
direction of the firemen was reversed,
the apparatus being carried back west
seven and one-half blocks, to the cor
ner of Taylor and Marion streets. As
in all previous cases, the fire origi
nated in an empty house. Chief May
said this had been set in the closet
beneath the stair. - -
The shell of this building was sav
ed, though it was possible to play
only one stream of water on it. The
house was one of the largest dwell
ings in that immediate community.
PUT BATTERIES IN WHITE.
German Ruse When Snow Falls Puz
zles the French.
A device by which the Germans
have helped winter mask their bat
teries in the field in northern France
is described in a letter writEten to the
Frankfurter Zeitung, by a journalist
now serving as an artillery officer ati
Fo; weeks, he said, the German
batteries in shifting positions had
been hurling their Iron hail against
the French near Lille. Then snow
fell, covering the landscape in white.
In vain the French officers on obser
vation sought to discover the-German
batteries as on the day before by
watching for 'the sun-glint on the
metal parts. Everywhere there was
but an unjbroken stretch of white.
The Germans, the writer explains,
had turned each battery into white by
wrapping the wheels and gun car
riage with white towels, sheets, and
curtains and stretching a white sheet
in front of it. Suddenly a central
patch in the white sheet was drawn
away, and the white nose of the can
non was pointed upward through it.
The very artilleryman who touched it
off, the .correspondent adds, was
dressed in white from top to toe in a
ludicrous long nightgown, and the
entire battery and Its crew were quite
indistinguishable amid the white of
the snow-covered landscape.
Mfanning Says Records of Office Have
Gov. Manning has asked the legis
lature to investigate the~ removal of
certain records from the governor's
office. The message which was sent
in Wednesday follows:
"Under the law such files as are
not In current use in the governor's
office should be placed in the custody
of the secretary of state or of the his
torical commission. I find that most
of the files for the last few years are
not in the governor's office, and upon
application to the secretary of state
and later to the secretary of the his
torical commission, I find that they
have not been turned over to either
of these officials. Many pasteboard
box letter files .and certain unmarked
boxes of papers have been placed in
the basement of the State house,
which I am informed are from this
office, but the boxes are not marked,
and it is, therefore. impossible to lo
cate any paper needed in this office.
"I invite you to inspect the govern
or's office, and the basement where
these boxes are stared, and I also ask
that you appoint proper committees
to investigate this matter and to re
port what steps are necessary -to
bring about the proper indexing and
safekeeping of these papers."
Canada to Pay Indemnity..
Sir Joseph Pope. Canadian under
secretary of external affairs, called at
Ithe state department office at Wash
ington Wednesday and offered to pay
indemnity for the killing of the two
Americans, who were recently shot.
Speak to Representatives..
Mrs. B. B. Valentine addressed the
lower house of the legislature on
female suffrage Wednesday night.
The Senate turned down the invita
D)eputy and Negro K~illed.
George H. McNeill, a deputy sheriff
of Selma, Ala., and James Fowler, a
negro, killed each other when the for
mer attempted to arrest the latter
FRENCH BULLETIN EMPHASIZE!
RESULTS Of THEISTRUGGLE
FRANCE IS UNCONQUEREE
The French View of the War Throug1
the Fall-Bulletin Francais Ar
rives in This Country With the
French Side of the Struggle Aroune
ypres in the Fall.
Two million men were engaged or
the- German side in October and Nov
ember when the kaiser's forces ham
mered at the .Allies' lines in an at
tempt to break through to Dunkirh
and Calais. Around Ypres alone the
invaders' 'losses were more than 120,
000 men. These statements are made
in a demi-official account of the fight
ing in Flanders, which takes up three
pages of the Bulletin Francais, copie!
of which reached this country recent
.In the article warm praise is given
to the British and Belgian troops, and
it 'is several times emphasized, in
contradiction of German reports, that
the soldiers of England and France,
instead of being at daggers', points,
are living and fighting in close sym
pathy and form, according to the Bul
letin, a military, fraternity.
As translated, the article in the De
:ember Bullein reads, in. part:
"The hour has arrived when the
balance of these last weeks can'be es
tablished and the results-clearly seen.
the formidable attempt by the Ger
nans first to turn'the left of ourselves
and our allies, and then, that having
been prevented, to break through, has
entirely failed. By the effort the ene
my tried to repair the defeats of the
Harne, and they have only added an
3ther check to the failure of Septem
"What as the situation at the be
inning of October 1?' The Belgian
rmy came out of Antwerp intact, but
too exhausted to participate in the ac
ions then pending. The English army
2ad left the Aisne to operate in the
iorth. The army of Gen. de Castle
iau did not extend on its left south of
rras. The army of Gen. Maudhuy
itretched out from that point to the
south of Lille. Further on were the
:erritorial cavalry and the marines.
his as not a sufficient force to meet
he German advance.
"Gen. Joffre, the commander-in
:hief, ordered Gen. Foch to the com
nand of the armies of the north. Re
forcements were sent him in the en
ing three weeks, and during that
)eriod the rail and automobile ser
rices operated-day and night, hurry
ng up rdinforcements. They-arrived
)n time by divisions and by corps,
wery man beng animated by an ad
"About the 20th of October our
fattle line was from Nieuport to Dix
nude, between which places one of
>ur divisions and the marines held
he railroad. Meanwhile, just back of
hem, the Belgian Army-was being re
>rganized. South of Dixmude, and
along the canal, our line stretched to
he east, forming before Ypres a vast
ialf circle occupied by four French
nd one British army corps. The line
:hen descended toward the south of
Hessines to Armientieres, forming
wo sections, the first held by the
~nglish and the second by the
"The German attack has as its ob
ect the seizure 'of Dunkirk, which
was necessary if Calais and Boulogne
were to be reached. The purpose wvas
: envelop us and cut the British
ines of communication to the sea.
.ll the heav artillery was brought
ip from AntI rp and made ready for
ise against the Allies. What happen
"On the 3rd of November the- at
ack was- made and repulsed, crush
ng the enemy, who had managed to
ain the left bank of the river. We
~hen pushed the German rear guard
nto the water, and to this day Ger
nan cannon and the carcasses of their
aimals can be seen half buried in the
water and mud.
"Finding it impossible to turn our
eft, the enemy tried to break
through our lines. This was the bat
ble of Ypres, a furious and savage
struggle, with the German command
er hurling their organizations in
enormous masses, regardless of the
life of their men, -sacrificing all for
end they hoped to attain.
"This end was not attained. Dur
ing the following three weeks we suf
ered and withstood their repeated
and frantic attacks. All these attacks
were repulsed, and this despite the
act that our front, with its circular
form, was not easy to maintain.
"In these actions about Ypres the
armies of France and England work
ed in the closest union, and this
nion, in which co-operation was so
splendidly maintained, is worthy to
be recorded on the brightest pages of
"On November 12 the Germans
were successful to the north of Ypres
and crossed the canal in two places.
A day passed and they were thrown
back to -the other side. On the 12th
also they gained a little ground south
af Ypres, but this loss was quickly re
gaired, and by the 15th their attacks
had become fewer and our position by
then 'was practically impregnable.
"Subsequent actions by the Ger
mas were likewise repulsed and in
these encom. ters we were brilliantly
supported by our allies. These actions
have sealed the'fraternity or the al
ied troops, and t\ a energy of our re
sistance has lik.ewise encouraged and
strengthened the confidence of the
"The losses of the Germans cer
tainly exceed 120,000 men. In cer
tain trenches of 1,200 meters length
as many as 2,000 bodies have been
found, and this is impressive when
we take into consideration that the
Germans take advantage of every op
portunity to remove their dead fronm
the fields of battle. These great losses
explain the recent formation of new
army corps il Germany.
"The numerous artillery comnmands
that we have put in action south of
Ypres have opened great chasms in
the German masses. All this mnarks
the importance of our zuccesses, and
significance is -dded by the fact that
the Germans have always regarded
the taking of Ypres as one of the de
cisive features of the campaign.
"If Dunkirk, Calais, and BoulognE
had been taken, England would havE
found her lines of communicatior
with her armies in France gravely en
dangered. In maintaining hier lines
ENGLISH WOMAN WRITES OF
GERMAN CRUISER RAID.
Wirless Stations, Railway Stations,
Gas Works, Water Works, Electric
Station, Hotels and Churches Hit.
A gentleman of Charleston has just
received a letter from a lady friend
living in Scarborough, England, giv
ing an account of the terrible expe
rience they had during the bombard
ment of that city on December 16 by
the German warships.
Writing from Pickering, in York
shire, she ays: "As you will see, we
are refugees, for our home is- no long
er safe. We were in the danger zone,
for both the wireless, the government
one, and private one In' the new de
pot, which, as yoi will remember, is
just beside us, and which the ad
miralty commandeered at the begin
ning of the war as an alternative
"Had they known or had a notion
that Scarborough would be shelled I
think. theywould not have done so,
as it is one of the densely populated
parts. Of course, the enemy went
for the wireless stations, the railway
stations, the gas works, water works,
electric power stations, the churches,
hospitals, work house and hotels
where soldiers were quartered.
Everywhere environing these places is
terribly wrecked; other places were
left pretty much untouched.
- "All around us shells fell and sev
eral people were killed. It was a hor
ribe thing to hear shells whizzing
over the houses and then striking
something and exploding, and not
know when our home might go, and
we had no cellar to 'shelter in. We
were just going to sit down to break
fast when the shelling begun, mother
was in bed. r
."We helped her up, got on warm
outdoor things, collected our money
and jewelry and the animals and*
were all ready to leave if we had to.
Fortunately we escaped. It was
dreadful after it finished, to see the
stretchers going about collecting the
dead and wounded.
"Four people were ktlled in one
family quite close to us. We picked
up bits of shells in our street, and
houses just behind us in the park
were struck. Certainly it was a most
awful experience; and one I hope not
to face again.
"It was galling to be shelled at
and to be totally undefended.' We
are well barricaded against a land
ing, etc., but the shelling was a bolt
from the blue. One church is fear
fully damaged structually; also a hole
through the roof, and a -indow
blown- out. Several'members of our
congregation have been killed.
"Our postman was killed, and thi
maid to whom he was handing a let
ter. It was a dreadfill sight to..see
the people running past our house by
the hundreds into the country-some
in night clothes witii just a shawl
around them. Carts, wheelbarrows
and trams, all with -people-invalids
and little children. One woman ran
with her baby to a friend of ours, five
miles away, and when they.took the
baby from her it was dead, killed by a
bit of shrapnel or shell.
"We are glad to be here in com
parative. safety, unless an invasion
occurs; then we shall have to move
again. It brings war very near when
you never know how soon you have
to take to the road and leave all you
care for behind you. This war is dif
ferent from any other and so deadly.
"The artillery we .pons are awful.
People say there never ca'n be- an
other war like it. Ernest has been
having a fortnight's instruction on
the machine guns before going to the
front, which may be at any time. We
do dread it so. So very fe-w officers
ever come back again, for the toll-of
life is terrible out there.
"How fortunate you are to be so
far removed from war's alarms!
Mother has been suffering from the
shock, but is getting better. We don't
know when we shall be able to go
home, or if we shall ever have a home
again to go to."
BANDIT ROBS BANK.
Lone Robber Escapes But is Detected
by Dropping Coins in Street.
Unaided, a youthful bandit Tues
day robbed the Guaranty State bank
of Houston, Texas, of $3,000 and 15
minutes later, with two companions,
engaged several detectives in a pistol
battle, which did not end until the
three men had been wounded, one se
riously. None of the men will reveal
his identity. Practically all of the
money. was recovered.
The youth entered the bank short
ly before the closing hour and -forced
the cashier and his assistant, the only
persons in the building at the time,
into the vault at the' point of a pistol.
After gathering all the money visible,
he ran from the building but in his
flight dropped some silver which at
tracted the attention of pedestrians,
who released the bank officials and
started in pursuit of the robber.
He was discovered in the rear room
of a small store with the two other
men, the spoils of the raid scattered
about a bed. They refus;ed to surren
der and opened fire when detectives
forced an entrance. None of the offi
cers was wounded.
WRITES TO SHERIFFS.
Governor Manning Expects Them to
Carry Out the Law.
Gov. Manning expects every peace
officer in the State to do his duty in
the matter of law enforcement.
Tuesday' morning Gov. Manning
sent the following to every sheriff in
the State: "In my inaugural address
I stated that I would expect the law
officers of every county to enforce
the law and that I would heartily co
operate with them, that I wishcd each
locality to manage its own affairs.
and that I would not charge myself
with the enforcement of the lasv in a
locality unless I found that the local
authorities were neglecting to do so.
To show my good faith. I followed
this up by a proclamation discharg
ing all special constables, dispensary
constables, detectives, law agents
"I beg now to say to you that I
have full faith in your ability and
willingness and intention to enforce
the law in your county and that I ex
pect that you will agree with me in
my views and heartily co-operate
with me in this work.
"I will be glad to see you at any
time and to talk with you about any
affairs in your county, that you may
TELLS OF SEA FIIHTI
BRITISH ADMIRAL DENIES LSN
OF ANT OF HIS SHIPS.
GERIANS CLAIN THE
Berlin Says British Fleet Withdrew
and Fight Ended-Vice-Admirai -
Beatty Says Engagement Was
Broken Off by the Presence of Su
marines--Deny -Loss of Sip.
An admiralty report given out fn
London Vednesday describes the
naval action of last. Sunday in the
t'rms of Vice-Admiral- Beatty:
"'A flotilla of destroyers patrollfig
about 7:30 o'clock In the morning
sighted and attacked the enemy,
whose force, according to the reports
received, consisted of four battle
cruisers, six light cruisers and some
destroyers. Their position when
sighted was approximately 14 miles
east-southeast of our battle- cruisei
"Orders were given by signal to
the destroyer flotilla to chase the
enemy- and to report their move
"As it appeared that they had at
once commenced to retire to the east
southeast the battle cruisers were di'
rected to steer southeast, with-a view
of securing the lee position and to
cutting the enemy off- if possible. The
situation developed by degrees into 'a
stern chase. -
"Speed was worked up to 284 or ZL 1
knots and the enemy were gradualy
being overhauled: At about 18,000-"-.
yards a slow and deliberate fire was
opened, and we began to hit at a
range of 17,000 yards. Our fire was
returned by the enemy.
"The Lion and the Tiger, having
drawn ahead of the remainderof the
squadron, were in action alone for
some time and consequently wers
subjected to the enemy's concentrat
ed fire, more particularly'the Lion
which ship suffered more as a result.
"The other vessels, as they drew
up, engaged the enemy. -.A German
flotilla of destroyers was dispersed-on
the starboard beam of their cruisers
and an attack by them was driven off.
"At about 11 o'clock, unfortunate
ly, a lucky shot damaged one of th
Lion's feed tanks, causing the port
engine to be stopped. At the:-same
time the .enemy's submarines were
observed on -the starboard bow and
our course was steered in. order to
"The Bluecher (German) was now
in a critical condition, with her speed,
reduced, and the Indomitable, which '
had now come up, -was -directed to
complete her destruction.
"The rest of the squadron were
directed to attack the rear -of. the
enemy. The Lion, with escort,-steer
ed to the northwest, steamitn '1wth
one engine, and I transferred y
to one of the destroyers rd sube
quently to the Princess Royal.
Through the damage. to the Lons -
feed tank by an unfortunat' 6baee
shot, we were undoubtedly 'siied
of a greater victory. The presence of
the enemy's submarines subsequent-.
ly necessitated the action being brok
"The result. of the action was that
the Bluecher was sunk and-two otlier
battle cruisers were heavily..on fire
and seriously damaged. The Germn
prisoners reported also that the Kol
berg had been sunk by over-salvoes
from our squadron.
"Subsequently the starboard .n.
gines of the Lion also developed trou
ble from the same cause as- thie- port
engines and the Indomitable took her
in tow and brought her Into port.
The danmage to the Lion and the Tiger'
(Continu d on last page.y
Naval Officials Put Their Faith in
Heavy Armor Ships.
'Naval experts figure. thiat it will r
quire an annual appropriation of -
$200,000,000, instead of the present
average $140,000,000 if congress de.
cides to add to the present type of
American naval vessels a suitable pro
portion of "battle cruisers" such a.
having played so prominent a part in
the recent naval engagements in Eu
ropean' and South American waters.
If the naval experts were requested
to choose between building dread
noughts or battle cruisers, they would
unhesitatingly turn to the 'd'read
nought type, and it is stated by.prom
inent officials that nothing yet has oc
curred in the naval battles of the
present war to change their original
believe regarding the dreadnpought's
superiority. They are quite 3rlIin'g
to accept a proper proportion of.-bat
tie cruisers, but insist that the- first
requisite is the completion 'of the
plan whereby the navy is .to -possess
Admitting the advantage of 'high
speed possessed by the battle cruisers
in certain cases, naval experts feel
that they would stand no show whab
ever against a corresponding number
of dreadnoughts, because of the hea~vy
armor and tremendous defensive
qualities of the latter type. No Euro
pean fleet could successfully attempt
to land troops or reduce the fortifica
tions of the Atlantic seaboard so long'
as the United States has even th~e 21
battleships which now make up the
Japan Makes Twenty-one Demands
, rpon Chinese Government,
Certain political and territorial de
mands which Japan has made upon
China following the Japanese occu
pation of Kiao-Chow have become
known in Peking and their extent is
disquieting to Chinese officials.
These demands, 21 In number,
were communicated to the Chinese
governme~at January 23, by the Japa
nese minister. They include, first
that China turn over to Japan all ex
isting German and Austrian conces
sions; second, that China pledge her
self not to give concessions in the
future to any country except 3apan;
third, permission to build a specIal
territorial railroad, and four, ,mining'
privileges in Shan-Tung and Fuken
provinces; in Manchuria, in Eastern .
Mongolia and the Yag-Tse valley.
Russians Destroy Zeppelin.
London reports the destruction of
a Zeppelin which dropped bombs into
Libau on Monday. The -crew were
captured, says the Petrograd dis