Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S, C., WEDNESDAY. FEBRUAR 10,1915
CAN'T PASS DILL
VICE IESSENT Ay DECIDE
STONE FLAYS REBELS
Unable to Proceed With thy Business
at Hand the Democrats Take Up
ter Time in Denouncing Allies
of Repubmcans--W&tin for Ab
entees to Arrive.
Plats of administration Democrats
to bring the government ship pur
chase bill out of danger in the Sen
at* had not been completed, but
champions of the measure had not
abandoned hope that a way would be
found to recommit -the bill, with def
inMate instructions for its amendment.
Recalcitrant Democrats flatly re
fused to yield to concessions agreed
upon by the majority in secret cau
ca Tuesday night, and administra
tion leaders found they could not ob
tain enough votes to defeat the coali
tion of Republicans and insurgent
Democrats, who insist on sending the
, biU back to committee without In
structions. This would mean death
for this session.
Instead of pressing their plan to
recommit with instructions, . there
fore, the party leaders contented
themselves with castigating- in the
open the seven Democrats who .over
turned the shipping program last
Monday. Senator Stone, selected for
this undertaking, held the floor sev
eral hours, bitterly denouncing the
seven insurgents as the 'recreant
Democrats who had endeavored to
unhorse their party." ^
Senator Stone, particularly attack
ed Senator Clarke of Arkansas, whom
be described as the leader in the re
volt, and Senator- Camden of Ken
tucky- 'He charged that Senator
Carke.iad violated a caucus pledge.
The Arkansas Senator denied this.
explaining he- had warned his col
leagues that he would not be bound
by any action which would deprive
him of his right to vote against the
While Senator Stone was speaking
Senators Kern, Simmons, Fletcher,
Martin and others were at work to
forestall a vote until absent Demo
wrats could ret-rn to Washington, or
murancee could be secured that
naough Progressive Republican sup
port could be counted on to insure a
In denouncing his seven Democrat
ft coaeagues, Senator Stone charged
them with open hostility to their par
ty. e. also made a vigorous defence
of -the administration, asserting- he
iould rather follow .President Wil
son's leadership than that of "Elihe
Root,.Henrj Cabot Lodge, Theodore
- . .Brton, Wiam Edgar Borah
Jacob Gainger or any recreant al
Jeged-Deneratwbo goes about wtl
a aggdr-in his sleeve."
Referring to Senator Camden'?
"secret conferences with opponentF
of the shipping bill." the speakei
said there "had been doubting Thom
ases who whispered that if the issue
were sharply drawn between the vest
ed interests and the masses of the
people. the Senator would be most
active." Senator Camden replied
briefly, saying he was willing to leave
his legislative sluggishness to his
friends and neighbors to determine
but that when It came to "denounc
ing secrecy, It comes with Ill grace
from the.Senator from Missouri, whc
Is known the world over as 'Gum
Senator Hoke Smith Issued a state
ment denying that he was opposed
to the shipping bilL
- "When the vice-president ruled
that the motion to recommit was out
of order because a call had been made
for the yeas and nays. I -voted
against sustaining the ruling of the
chair," he said, "for-the rules of the
Senate emnressiv provide th'at a mo
tion to recommit can be made at any
time before final action In the Senate
upon a bill. I have co-operated wit-'
the Democratic caucuses In every way
to support this measure, and I expect
*to continue to dlo so and I earnestly
desire the legislation passed."
-Champions of the bill found them
selves-lacking at least two votes to
recommit with instructions. They
admitted there was no possibility o'
picturing those votes until next Mon
day, when two absent senators are
expected to return.
Senators who favor the new plar
pointed out that some Progressive
Republicans and some Insurgent
Democrats are pledged merely to vote
for Senator Clarke's motion to re
commit without instructions. From
these, they believe, pledges of sup
port could be procured for a subse
quent motion to discharge the com
merce -committee from further con
sideration of the bill If it failed to re
turn the measure with amendment?
recommer -sd by the caucus.
Senator a etcher, in charge of the
bill, said Thursday night he would b'
willing to vote to recommit If assur
ed of enough votes to carry a motior
to discharge the committeed. B'
such a plan, he said, the bill could b
reintroduced in the Senate in a forn
approved by the majority Democrats.
Senator Fletcher said still another
plan not yet ready to be revealed wac
being discussed; but that unless some
sure way out could be found, no vot4
would be permitted until the absent
Democratic senators return.
* Administration Democrats refornm
ed their lines and found they ha'
only 48 votes against the 48 Republi
cans waiting to send the bill back to
the commerce committee without In
structions. Their only course was to
stave off a vote while Senator New
lands hurries back from Californis
and Senator Smith of South Caro
lna, can come from the bedside of
his sick wife. With their votes the
Democrats figure that barring sur
prises, the contest will be even and
the vice-president will be called upon
for the deciding vote. Administration
leaders count him with them.
'Vice-President Marshall probably
will cast the vote which decides
whether the administration ship bill
lives or dies at this session of con
gress. If expectations of the leaders
are fulfilled it will be one of the few
instances in which the vice-president
has swung the balance. The last was
when the late Vice-President Sher
man cast the deciding vote for the
Bristow resolution which put a con
stitutional amendment for direct elec
tion of senators before the people.
British Aviator Killed.
Lieut. Sharpe. of the Canadian con
tingent, was killed Thursday while
eving nar Shoream.
VETO STANDS IN HOUSE
IUTERARY TEST FAILS, VOTE IS
261 FOR AND 136 AGAINST.
Majority Leader Underwood Asks
House to Override the President
Some Members Change.
-At an attempt to pass the immigra
tion bill prescribing a literacy test
for immigrants over Precident Wil
son's veto failed in the House Thurs
day, the affirmativo vote lackin.., just
five of the necessary two-thirds. Of
399 members present 261 voted to
overrules the veto, 136 voted to sus
tain the president, and two answered
The final test came at the close of
a day of earnest debate, in which
party lines were abandoned. Major
ity Leader underwood vigorously crit
icised the president's reasons for ve
toing the bill, and urged the House
to override executive dicapproval. Mr.
Underwood told the Hcuse that the
country had in several elections re
turned majorities in Ccngress favor
ing restriction of immigration and
that the president's ccntention that
no political platform had placed the
issue before the people was futile.
"The question," said he, "is wheth
er you Atand for the American stand
ard of living and the Ame icn stand
ard of wages."
Representative Moore of Pennsyl
vania, Republican, urged the House
to support '.he president. He declar
ed immig %tion had had no bad ef
fects on wages and working condi
tions in this country and asserted that
the restrictions imposed in the bill
were contrary to thd fundamental
principles "upon -which the forefath
ers based this Republic."
Chairman Burdett of the immigra
tion committee and author of the bill,
declared the fight for restrictive im
migration legislation would continue.
"We lost by a very narro'7 margin,"
he said, "and a swing of a few votes
i ould have passed the bill. The fight
will be made again in the next con
- The vetoed bill passed the House
just a year ago by a vote of 239 to
140. Thursday's vote showed a gain
of 22 votes for it and a loss of 4 votes
from the opposition strcngth.
The 261 votes for p.ssing the bill
over the. veto were cart as follows:
Democrats 166, Republicans 78, Pro
gressives and Progressive Republi
cans 16, Independent 1.
Against the bill the vote was:
Democrats 101, "Insurgent' Demo
crat 1, Republicans 32, Progressives
and Progressive Republicans 2.
Members who were in the House
when the bill passed last February
and who changed their votes were:
Voting for -the bill~ and against
overriding the veto: Bailey. Bartlett,
of Georgia; Beakes. Brumbaugh, Ma
guire, of Maryldid; Park, Whaley,
Smith, of Maryland; Taylor, of Ala
. Voting against the bill and for
overriding the veto: Cooper, John
on, of Utah; Kinkaid, of Nebraska,
Representative Garner of Texas,
who voted present when the bill was
passed. voted against overriding the
veto. Representative Steenerson, who
votd against the bill, voted present
Thursday,. Representative Volstead,
who was paired against the bill when
it passed, voted to override the pres
:Presidents Taft and Clevelazd ye
toed similar measures and attempts
to override them failed.
WHITE MAN LYNCHED.
Georgia Doctor Accused of Crininal
ly Assaulting Married Woman.
The body, riddled with bullets, ly
ing the little railway station at
Evans, Ga., twelve miles from Augus
ta, the coroner of Columbia county
held an Inquest Thursday afternoon
into the death of Dr. A. N. Culber
son, who was shot to death at four
o'clock Thursday morning by a posse,
after a search lasting nearly all night.
The jury returned a verdict of justi
fable homicide in that Culberson had
Wednesday, at supper time, when
Jewitt Davidson. a widely known
young farmer, went home he was
told that Dr. A. N. Culberson had
during the day, at the point of a re
volver, assaulted a young married
woman. Davidson gave the alarm
and by midnight a number of men
were making a search for him, locat
ing him in a house between Evans
and Martinez. where Culberson had
gone to spend the night. iLhe occu
ants knowcing nothing of the charge
The house was surrounded between
' and 4 o'clock, and when members
of the posse knocked on the front
door Culberson made a dash through
the back. Those of the posse who
had been stationed there saw him
comin~g out in his night clothes. They
ay he had a revolver in his hand
and turned to fire. Several members
of the posse, armed with revolvers
and shotguns. fired on him simul
taneously. He was fairly riddled.
The body was left in the yard where
t had fallen until Thursday after
noon. when it was removed to Evans
'or the Inquest.
TEACHER IS SHOT.
Florida Schoolmaster Shot for Whip
The whipping of a p'upil by a school
teacher at Melross, Fla., near Jasper.
Fla., resulted in a fight Wednesday
in which William Yates. the teacher,
was shot and killed and Claude Holt
zendorff, father of the pupil, probably
was fatally wounded.
According to the authorities Holt
zendorff and two sons attacked Yates
after school closed. In fact, it is al
leged Yates and Wilbur Haltzendorff
used revolvers. The -latter is in jail
charged with the killing of Yates and
the elder Holtzendorff is under guard
at his home.
Go to Germany for Work.
A Venice dispatch says m'a'y Ital
ians are going to Germany for work.
The men are offered $1.62 a day and
the women 75c.
Insist that Cruiser Sank.
The Germans insist that a British
cruiser went down in the recent naval
battle as a result of a torpedo.
Falls Fifteen Stories.
John W. Hughes. a clerk of At
lanta, fell fifteen stories to his death
Russian Sink German Destroyer.
Paris reports that a German torpe
do boat has been sunk by a Russian
numrine on .Tanuary 29.
WILSON SAYS GOVERNENT AND
BUSINESS EST JOIN
UNITE AS IN WARTIME
President Delivers Interesting Ad
dress to Convention of the Cham
ber of Commerce-Farmers Must
Prepare to Grow More Grain for
World Must be Fed.
Co-operation between business and
the government in framing laws for
the benefit of all the people was urg
ed by President Wilson Wednesday
night in an address before several
hundred representative business men
at Washington attending the annual
convention of the Chamber of Com
merce of the United States. He de
clared that "we must all pool our in
terests" to discover the best means
for handling public problems.
The president urged the creation in
the United States in time-of peace of
the same kind of un-tea spirit which
moves nations during wars. He re
called that "when peace is as hand
some as war there will -be no wars,"
and that "when men engage in the
pursuits of peace in the same spirit of
self-sacrifice as they engage in war,
wars will disappear."
The president predicted that, while
there is a shortage of food in the
world now, the short.ge will be much
greater later. He pointed out that
under the guidance of the depart
ment of agriculture efforts must be
made by American farmers to grow
more and more grain, that the world
may be fed.
Speaking of the foreign trade of
the United States the president.asked
business men to devise some way of
allowing Ameriacn exporters to com
bine in form common selling agen
cies and to give long time credits in
such a way that these co-operative
devices may be open to the use of all.
He declared that apparently the anti
trust laws prohibited such combina
tions now, but that he would favor a
change if a method fair to all could
be found. He spoke.of the bureau of
foreign and domestic commerce's
work in "surveying the world" for
the bendfit of all business men.
Business men themselves are to
blame if ignorant laws affecting them
are formed, the president asserted.
He added that they should come out
into the open and use their knowl
edge of conditions to 'bring about
laws to prevent business evils.
The Mexican question was men
tioned by Mr. Wilson as an example
of the difficulty he had in getting ac
"I would prefer that you receive
me as if for the time being I were
one of your own number," said the
president, "because the longer I- oc
cupy the office that I now occupy the
more I regret any lines of separation,
the more I deplore any feeling that
one set of men has one set of inter
ests and another set of men has an
other set of interests; the more I feel
the solidarity of the nation, the im
possibility of separating one interest
from another without misconceiving
it, the necessity that we should all
understand another in order that we
may understand ourselves.
"There is an Illustration which I
have used a great many times. I will
use It again, because It is the most
serviceable to my mind. We often
speak of a man who can not find his
way in some jungle or some desert as
having lost himself. Did you never
reflect that that is the only thing he
has not lost? He is there. He lost
the rest of the worl'd. He has no
fixed point from which to steer. He
does not know which is north, which
Is south, which Is east, which is west;
and, if he did know, he is so confused.
that he would not know in which of
those directions his goal lay, and,
therefore, following his heart he
walks in a great circle from right to
left and comes balk to where he start
ed, to himself again.
"To my mind it is a picture of the
world. If you have lost other inter
ests and do not know the relation of
your own interests to those other in
terests, then you do not understand
your own interests and have lost
yours. What you want is orienta
tion, relationship to the points of the
compass, relationship to the other
people in the world, vital connections
which have for the time being been
severed. And so I am particularly
glad to express my admiration for the
kind of organization which you have
"I have attended banquets of
chambers of commerce in various
parts of the country and have got the
impression at each of those banquets
that there was only one city in the
country. -And it has seemed to me
that these associations were mm -.nt in
order to destroy man's perspective,
in order to destroy his sense of rela
tive proportions: worst of all, if I
may be permitted to say so, they were
intended to boost something in par
ticular. 'Boosting' is a very unhand
some thing. Advancing enterprise is
a very handsome thing, but to exag-.
gerate local merit in order to create
disproportion In the general develop
ment is not a particularly handsome
thing or not particualrly intelligent
"The advantage about a chamber
of commerce of the United States is
that there is only one way to boost
the United States and that is by see
ing to it that the conditions under
which business is done throughout
the country are the best possible con
ditions. There can not be any dis
proportion about that. If you draw
your sap and your vitality from all
quarters then the more sap and .vital
ity there is in you the more there is
in the commonwealth as a whole and
every time you lift at all you lift the
whole level of manufacturing and
"Moreover, the advantage of it is
that you can not boost the United
States in that way without under
standing the United States. You learn
a great deal. I agreed with a col
league of mine in the cabinet the
other day that we ha.d never attended
in our lives before a school to com
part with that we are now attending
for the purpose of gaining a liberal
"Of course. I learn a great many
things that are not so. But the in
teresting thing about it is this: If
you hear enough of them you see
there is no :pzttern whatever. It is a
crazy quilt. Whereas the truth al
ways matches piece for piece, with
other parts of the truth.
"No man can lie consistently, and
he can not lie abcut everything if he
etlk to enn lng. So that I would
guarantee that if enough liars talke
to you, you would get the truth.
"I had somewhat that experience
about Mexico, and that was about th
only way in which I learned anything
thal was so, for there have beer
vivid imaginations and many specia
interests which have depicted thing
as they wished me to believe then
"Now, seriously, the task of thi
body is to match all the facts of busi
ness throughout the country, and se(
the best and consistent part of them.
That is the reason-and I think you
are to be congratulated upon the fact
-that you can not do this thing with
out common counsel. I hate asked
myself, before I cam i here to-night,
what relation th government could
bear to you. You are two aspects
and activities of the government with
which you will naturally come into
most direct contact.
"The first s the government's pow
er of inquiry-systematic and disin
terested inquiry-and its tower of
scientific- assistance. You get an 11
lustration of the latter, for example,
in the department of agriculture. Has
it occurred to you, I wonder, that we
are just upon the eve of a time when
our department of agriculture will be
of infinite importance to the whole
"There is a shortage of food in the
world now. That shortage will be
more serious a few months from now
than it is now. It is necessary that
'we should plant a great deal more.
It is necessary that our land should
yield more per acre, than it does now.
It is ne'cessary that there should not
be a plow or a spade idle in this coun
try if the world is to be fed; and the
methods of our farmers must feed
upon the scientific information to be
derived from the state department of
agriculture and from that tap room
to fall, the United States department
"The origin and use of that depart
men is to inform men of the last de
velopments and disclosurts of science,
with regard to all the processes by
which soils can be put to their proper
use and their fertility made the great
"Siimlarly with the bureau of
standards. It is ready to supply those
things by which you can set forms,
you can state bases for all the scien
tific processes of business.
"The government of the United
States is very properly a great in
strumentality of inquiry and informa
tion. One thing we are just begin
ning to do that we ought to have done
long ago. We ought long ago to have
had our bureau of foreign and do
mestic commerce. We ought long ago
to have sent the best eyes of the gov
ernment out in the world where the
opportunities and openings of Ameri
can commerce and American genius
were to be found. Men who were
not sent out as the particular agents
of -any set of commercit1 industries
in the United States but who were
eyes for the whole community.
"But there are other ways of using
the government of the United States,
ways that have long been tried,
though not always with conspicuous
success or fortunate-results. You can
use the government of the United
States by influencing its legislation.
That has been a very active industry,
but it has not always been managed
as the interest of the whole people.
It is very instructive and useful for
the government of the Unittd States
to have such means as you are ready
to supply forgetting a sbrt of consen
sus of opinion, which proceeds from
no particular quarter, and original
and with no particular interest be
cause Information is the very founda
tion of all right action in legislation.
"Men on the Inside of business
know how business is conducted and
they can not complain if men on' the
outside make mistakes about busi
ness, if they do not come from the In
side and give the kind of advice which
is necessary. The trouble in the past
for I think the thing is changing very
rapidly-has generally been that
they came with all their bristles out.
They came on the defensive. They
~came to see, not what they could. ac
complish. but what they could pre
vent. They did not come to guide.
but they came to block, and that is of
no use whatever to the general body
"'What has got to pervade us like a
great motive power Is that we can not
and must not separate our interests
from one another. but must pool our
interests. A man who .is trying to
fight for his single handed is fighting
against the coramunity and not fight
ing with it.
"There are a great many dreadful
things about war, as niobody needs to
be told in this city of distress and of
terror. But there is one thing about
war which has a very splendid side.
and that Is the consciousness that a
whole nation gets, that they must all
act as a unit, for the nation; and
when peace is as handsome as war
there will be no war. .When men, I
mean, engage in the pursuits of peace
In the same spirit of self-sacrifice,
and of conscious service of the com
munity with which, at any rate, the
common soldier engages in war, then
shall there be wars no more. You
have moved the vanguard for the
United States in the purposes of this
association just a little nearer that
ideal. That is the reason I am here,
because I believe that.
"There is a specific matter about
what I, for one, want your advice.
Let me say, if I may say It without
disrespect, that I do not think you
are prepared to give it right away.
You will have to make some rather
extended inquiries before you are
ready to give it. What I am think
ing of is competition in foreign mar
kets as between the merchants of dif
"I speak of the subject wvith a cer
tain aegree of hesitation, because the
thing farthest from my thought is
taking advantage of nations now dis
abled, from playing the full part in
that competition, and seeking a sud
den selfish advantage because they
are for the time being disabled. Pray
believe me. that we ought to elimi
nate all that thought from our minds
and consider this matter as if we and
the other nations of the world were
in the normal circumstances of com
mnerce. There is a normal circum
stance of commerce in which we are
apparently at a disadvantage.
"Our anti-trust laws apparently
...make it illegal for merchants
in the United States to form combi
nations for the purpose of strengthen
ing themselves in taking advantage
of the opportunities of foreign com
petition. That is a very serious mat
ter for this reason: There are some
corporations and some firms, for all I
know, whose.business is great enough
and whose resources are abundant
enough to enable them to establish
selling agencies in foreign countries.
...The question arines, therefore.
how the smaller merchants, how are
the younger and weaker corporations.
going to get a foothold as against the
combinations which are permitted
ernments in this very field of compe
"American mercha ts feel thal
they are at a very considerable disad
vantage in contending against that
The matter has been many time
brought to my attention and I have
each time suspended judgment, be
cause in this matter 'I am from Mis
souri,' and I want to be shown this:
I want to be shown hcw that com
bination can -be made end conducted
in a way which won't close it against
the use of everybody who wants to
"What I would like very much to
be shown, therefore, is a method of
co-operation, which is not a method
of combination, not that the two
words are mutually exclusive, but we
have come to have a special meaning
attached to the word 'combination.'
Most of our combinations have a safe
ty lock and you have to get the com
bination to get in I want to -know
how these co-operative methods can
be adopted for the benefit of every
body who wants to use them, and I
say frankly, if I can be shown. that, I
am for them.
"If I can not be shown-that, I am
against them, and I hasten to add
that hopefully I eicept that I can be
The president said that he hoped
the organization would take steps to
discover the opinion of the small mer
chants and bankers in the country
districts on the subject.
"As a matter of fact," he con
tinued, "you I .not hav.e time to
think in a city. . . .
"There are thinking spaces in this
country, and some of the thinking
done is very solid thinking indeed;
the thinking of the sort- of men that
we all live best, who think for them
selves, who do not see things as they
are told to see them,- but look at them
and see them for themselves, and if
they are told they are white when
they are not white, plainly' say that
they are black; men with eyes and
with a courage back of those eyes to
tell what they see. The country is
full of those men."
Experience has taught him, the
president said, not to try to dominate
any conference called to get the best
solution of a problem because "com
mon counsel" always brings the best
results. . .
"It is a splendid thing to .e part of
a great wide-awake nation; it is a
splendid thing to know that your own
strength is infinitely multiplied by
the strength of other men who love
the country; it is a splendid thing to
feel that the wholesome blood of a
great ce-Antry can be united In a com
mon purpose, and that by frankly
looking one another in the face and
taking counsel with one another, pre
Judices will drop away and handsome
understandings will arise and a uni
fersal spirit of service will be engen
dered, and with this increased sense
of community of purpose will come a
vastly enhanced individual power of
achievement for we will be elevated
by the whole mass of which we con
stitute a part."
- GAIN EXPORTS INCREASE. '
Reports Show That Much Wheat and
Corn Have Been Exported.
Five times as much wheat and six
times as much corn were exported
from the United States in December
as in the same mon'h in 1913; flour
exports increas-d more than 68 per
cent. for the same period; fresh beef
increased more than twelvefold, and
generally the exports of breadstuffs,
which includes practically all the sta
ple grains, increased five times.
Those figures were disclosed Thurs
day by the department of commerce
In response to inquiries as to what
extent foodstuffs were going abroad
with resulting abnormal prices at
home. The department's summary
"Wheat exports in December ag
gregate 28,875,217 bushels, or five
times the quantity in December, 1913.
The average export price last Decem
ber was $1.25 per bushel,- against 93
cents in December one year earlier.
Of 'flour the month's export move
ment as 68 1-2 per cent. more than
in December, 1913, beIng 1,818,317
barrels, compared ith .1,079,240 in
the same month a year ago and the
value thereof~ was $9,473,660, com
pared with $4,903,223 in December,
1913. Oats showed a larger total in
December than In the -entire calendar
"Corn exports In December, 1914,
amounted to 4,582,006 bushels, val
ued at $3,554,592, against 749,124
bushels, valued at $560,165, in -Dec
EXTENDS WAR 2iONE.
Germany Wans Neutrals 'to' Stay
Away From English Waters.
The German admiralty Thursday
issued the following communication:
"The waters around Great' Britain
and Ireland, .-cluding the whole Eng
lish channel, are aclared a war zone
from and after February 18.
"Every enemy ship found in this
zone will be destroyed, even If it is
impossible to avert dangers which
threaten the. crew and passengers.
"Also neutral ships in the war zone
are in 'danger as in consequence of
the misuse of neutral flags ordered
by the British government on Janu
ary 31, and in view of the hazards of
naval warfare, it can not always be
avoided that attacks ineant for enemy
ships en 'nger neutral ships.
"Shipping northward, around the
Shetland Islands in the eastern basin
of the North Sea and In a strip of at
least thirty nautical miles In breadth
along the Dutch coast is endangere'd
in the same way.'
Two Children Burned..
Mrs. G. W. Doyle and her two chil
dren of Elkins, W. Va., were burned
to death when tlieir home was de
stroyed Wednesday. Her husband
was seriously burned when he made
a futile attempt to rescue his wife.
Woodsiien Burned to Death.
Ten woodsmen. were burned to
death and five others seriously injur
ed when a lodging house of a fuel
company at Kane, Pa., was burned
Riting in Italy.
The high price of bread is causing
serious rioting in Italy. At Sassari
crowds went down the streets break
ing into stores.
Villa Takes Presidency.
Gen. Villa has proclaimed himself
president of Mexico. according to
news received in El Paso Wednesday
Say They Have Plenty.
The Hungarian minister is report
ed to have said that there is plenty
of foodstuffs in Austria and Hungary
to last until the next hrest.
RUSSIANS AND GERMANS CARR1
ON DEADLY WAREARE
NO [HAME IN THE EAS
Petrograd Reports That Germam
Continue Attack Which Britisl
Military Experts Say Are Virtuall]
Impossible to Bring Favorable Re
sults-Turks Attack Suez Canal
London repo-ts the "efforts of Ger
man Field Marshal van Hindenbers
to check the Russi.ns in East Prussia
and the Carpathians by compelling
them to reinforce their centre wesi
of Warsa-w have brought a desperate
attack. Regiment after regiment sup
ported by great masses of artillery
has been thrown against the Russiari
lines, anu both sides claim to. have
inflicted heavy losses on their oppo
nents, and each reports progress.
"It is apparent, however, that
while the Germans are making every
effort .to get near Warsaw,. the Rus
sians, for the present, are satisfied te
hold their positions and inflict as
heavy losses on their adversaries as
possible. Near Bolemow the fighting
has been fierce and contin'uous for
weeks and the Russians claim to
have taken one village for which the
armies have been contending.
"Meanwhile the Germans have sent
strong reinforcements south to check
the advance of Russians reported
'south of the main range of the Car
pathians anjd are thus again over
looking the plains of Hungary.
"In the west the artillery continues
to play the major part. Each side
makes occasional attacks which, ac
cording to official reports, iniariably
"Although not officially mentioned,
it is reported that British warships
again are bombarding German posi
tions on the Belginn coast, while the
airmen of the Allies are dropping
bombs on the German trenches at
points of concentration.
"While the Russians are on the of
fensive in East Prussia, in Northwest
Poland and in -the passes of the Car
pathians, the Germans continue their
attacks on the Russian lines aloig
the Bbura and Rawka rivers. The
invaders reached the Rawka line
about the middle of December and
since that time have made at least
half a dozen attacks in force against
the Russian trenches, each time at
undoubted heavy cost.
"Nothing daunted, however, they
have been repeating the attacks dur
ing the past week, and while they
made a slight advance it has been ac
complished only after further great
losses, according -to Petrograd re
ports. Now it is believed the Ger
mans are preparing for still another
onslaught, for only by compelling the
Russians to strengthen their lines
protecting Warsaw can they hope to
divert Russian attacks from East
Prussia and Hungary.
"Military men believe the Germans
are attempting something virt ially
impossible in their efforts to force
their way through Warsaw. The
Rawka'and Bzura lines, which they
have been attacking for six weeks,
are exceedingly strong for on the
right banks of the rilers, which the
Russians for the most part hold, the
ground Is considerably higher than
on-the left -banks, so the Russian in
fantry and artilelry have a decided
"Should the Germans break
through this barrier there is another
line of entrenichments half way be
tween the Bzura and Warsaw, with
Bonie as the centre, which would
have to be forced, before the Polish
"In the Carpathians the Austrians
and Germans are offering vigorous re
sistance to -the Russians and a de
cision - has, not yet been reacdbed in
the battle whit a has been in progress
there for several days.
"The statement in the. Russian of
ficial report that there h .s been fight
ing southeast *of Uzsok Pass, and
southeast of Beskid-Pass. indicates
the extent of the -struggle."
Petrograd reports: "The last few
days have brought no change of im
portance in East -Prussia and Poland,
where the Russians and Germans are
striving for the mastery. In the vici
nity of Tilsit and south of .the Mazu
rian lake region in East Prussia and
on the right bank of the Vistula be
tween Plotsk, Dobryzin and Lipno
daily skirmishes are reported.
"This fighting is chiefly between
cavalry and artillery and each side
apparently is only Intent on discover
ing the weakness of'each other's line.
or preventing flanking attempt.
"On the left bank of the Vistula,
fromn the junction of that stream and
the Bzura, to Sochachzew, - where
both sides are strongly entrenched
with several reserve lines, neither the
Russians nor Germans seem inclined
to take up a serious offensive move
"Nevertheless they are keeping up
an intermitten bombardment. Far
ther southeast between Goumine and
Borfimow, 14 German regiments.
with heavy artillery support, made a
sledge hammer effort to break the
Russian line. This. was one of several
successive attacks which in the past
four days, according to Russian re
ports; have resulted in German losses
of more than 6,000 killed.
"From the extreme German right.
which touches the Austrian left in
the vicinity of Rawa and southward
to Galicia, along the rivers Nida and
Dunajec, the Austro-Hungarians like
wise are strongly entrenched. In the
Carpathians -the Austro-German
forces now are estimated at 20 corps.
They continue their offensive in an
endeavor to drive the Russians from
Przemysl and eastern Galicia, but are
being .stubbornly opposed at all
"The Austrian army, which pre
i'iously had been directing efforts
against Servia, together with the Ger
mans sent to reinforce them, now are
said to be in the Carputhian passes."
London reports: "The Turhs at
last have made a definite attack on
the Suez canal, but, after a sharp
fight, they were driven off ivith heavy
"After a fruitless attempt Tuesday
night to bridge and the canal near
Toussoum, they returned to the at
tack early Wednesday with a force
estimated at 12,000 and six batteries
of artillery and essayed to cross on
rafts. The British force threw the
invaders back, taking about 300 pris
"Many Turks were killed and
wounded. The British lost 15 killed
and 58 wounded. The attack we re
(Cop~uue ou ns. age.
HOW PROMOTIONS OCCUR
DANIELS FAVORS ELJMINATION
OF PLUCKING BOARD.
Secretary Shows How Midshipmen
Are Gradually Thinned Out and
Promoted to Higher Positions.
Secretary Daniels of the navy de
partment Wednesday in discussing
the passage by the House of legisla
tion providing for the abolition of
the- so-called Plucking Board, assert
ed that he favored the action, but
hoped congress would, at this session,
provide by law some substitute to
take-the place of that body. Secre
tary Daniels said that he was strong
ly in favor of the creation of an ac
tive reserve list of officers, as pro
vidde in the personnel bill, drafted
by the navy department, now pend
ing before congress.
Secretary Daniels' ettention was
called to the fact that the House had
stricken out of the naval appropria
tion bill a humber of proposcls favor
ed by the department, and he was
asked what he thought about it. He
said that when the naval appropria
tion bill reached-the Senate he would
urge the plan for the creation of an
active reserve list of officers and also
an appropriation of $10,000,000 for
aeroplanes. Mr. Daniels said he real
ized that it would be impossible to
obtain all the things he desired for
the navy. - .
"As long ago as last July," said
the secretary, "I advocated the aboli
tion of the Plucking Board. At that
time I took steps such as were neces
sary to remedy not only the condi
tions the Plucking Board was intend
ed to overcome, but also all other
questions concerning pcersonnel which
had developed in recent years.
"A board, composed of Assistant
Secretary Roosevelt, Rear Admiral
Blue, Chief Constructor Taylor, and
Lieut. Austin, was appointed last
summer to investigate the whole
question and recommend a measure
which would cause a reasonable flow
of promotion, by competitive meth
"The competitive test proposed will
involve . three factors: professional
knowledge, the service record of past
performance, and service opinions ob
tained from the recommendations of
officers senior in the service.
"Under the system we propose a
midshipman on entering the naval
academy becomes a -member of. a
class varying in number from 250 to
300. After four years' work, with
the consequent elimination - of the
least fit, about 150 should be taken
into the service as ensigns at an
average age of about 22. -After three
years' service as ensign a competitive
examination will be held, establish
ing the order of merit. Of the origi
nal 150, then reduced by natural
causes to about 135, 100 will be con
tinued in the line of the navy and ap
proximately 25 others in the Pay,
Construction, Civil Engineer,, and
Marine Corps. The remaining en
signs, approximately ten yearly
those at the bottom-will be honor
ably discharged with one year's pay,.
as was the case for many years in
the past with surplus midshipmen.
"The 100 ensigns remaining in the
line will be commissioned lieuten
ants (junior grade). At the end of
six years those remaining will be pro
moted to the grade of lieutenant,
subject to the usual examination.
They will remain in the grade of a
lieutenant for a similar period of six
years. Those remaining will become
candidates for promotion. .Att this
point will begin the process of pro
motion by selection and the transfer
to the active reserve list of those not
"Normally two out of every three
lieutenants will be promoted to the
grade of lieutenant commander, and
the length of service in this grade is
also six years. At the end of that
period those remaining will become
candidates for promotion to the grade
of commander. About one-half will
be promoted and the other half
transferred to the active reserve list
Those promoted will serve as com
manders for six years.
"About one-half will then be pro
moted in the same manner to the
grade of service prescribed for cap
tain, and the class originally com
posed of 150 ensigns -will, on arriv
ing at the top of the list of captains
at the end-of 34 years' service, be re
duced to approximately 10o on the ac
tive list. Of this number, five will go
up to the grade of rear admiral and
the remainder will be placed on the
active reserve list.
"The foregoing outline applies to
the normal course after the proposed
system is in full operation. Existing
'humps' in. the personnel of the ser
vice will take a number of years to
smooth out, but it Is believed that
the process laid down will be carried
on with the greatest possible fairness
to the officers affected. For a num
ber .of years to come the transfers to
the active reserve list will be less
than when the bill is in full opera
tion, especially transfers from the
lower grades. The sam'e general
principles applied to the line of the
navy will be applied to the various
PUT BATTERIES IN WHITE.
German Ruse When Snow Falls Puz
zles the French.
A device by which the Germans
have helped winter mask their bat
teries in the field In northern France
is described in a letter written to the
Frankfurter Zeitung, by a journalist
now serving as an artillery officer at
For weeks, he said, the German
batteries in shifting positions had
been hurling their iron hail against
the French -near Lille. Then. snow
fell; covering the landscape in white.
In vain the French ofiicers on obser
vation sought to discover the German
batteries as on the day before by
watching for the sun-glint on the
metal parts. Everywhere. there was
but an unbroken stretch of white.
The Germans, the writer explains,
had turned each battery into white by
wrapping the wheels and gun car
riage with white towels, sheets, and
curtains and stretching a white sheet
in front of it. Suddenly a centra'
patch in the white sheet was drawn
away, and the white nose of the can
non was pointed upward through it.
The very artilleryman who touched it
off, the correspondent adds, was
dressed in white from top to toe in a
ludicrous long nightgown, and the
entire battery and its crew were quite
indistinguishable amid the white of
the snow-covered landscape.
British Mule Deposit.
Fifty thousand dollars is being
spent each week in Lathrop. Mo., for
thefeeingof12,000 nmules destined
WILSON SAYS THIS ,OUNTRY IS
ON DAIN Of NE IlA
SPEAKS TO BUSINESS MN
President Places Publicity at the
Head of Better Business Rules
Says Nobody is Going to be Sus
picious of Big Business in These
Days Just Because It's Big.
Another confident prediction that'
the country soon will enter upon. a
new era of enterprise and.prosperity
was voiced Friday by'President Wil
son in a speech before the convention
of the American Electric Railway as
sociation at Washington.
* Speaking to business men and
through them to the world of. busi
ness generally, the president outlined
what the Democratic congress has
tried to accomplish through Its trust
legislation, and declared that while a
test period would be required to de
termine whether the correct remedy.
had been applied, he -believed, the
"mass of interrogation points" which
had checked enterprise-for 20 years
had been cleared away. With a com
mon understanding regarding 'busi
ness reached, he said, h-nceforth no
body is going to be suspicious of any
business just because -it is big. He'
gave some of the "rules of the game
which he thought ought to' be fel
lowed, adding to'the list wise pub
Jicity-''not doing anything under
"I have always maintained that die
only way in which men could under-"
stand one another was by meeting
one another," said the president. "If
I believed all that I read in the news
papers I would not understand any
body. I have known men- whose'
hands dropped away the 'moment 1
was permitted to examine their char
Eve of New Era.
"It seems to me. . . that we are
upon the eve of a new era of enter
prise and of prosperity. Enterprise
has been checked in this- country for:
almost 20 years, beca.se men were
moving amongst a maze of interr6
gation points. . They did no ktiow
what was going to happen. to them
All sorts of Tegulations were -propos
ed and it was a matter of uncertain
ty what sort.of regulation was going
to be adopted. All sorts of charges
were made against- business as if hus- -
iness *ere -at fault, when most men
knew that the great majority of busi
ness men were honest, were. public
spirited, were intending the right
thing, and the many were made
,afraid because the 'few did. not- do
what was right.
"The most necessary thing, there.
fore, was for us to agree, a. we 4id,".
by slow stages Agree, upon the main
particulars of what ought not:,to1b
done and then to put our laws in
such shape as to correspond with that
general judgment.... I~~ have'
never doubted that all America -be-'.1
lieved in doing what was fair an -
honorable and of good report. . Ba't
the method, the method of control by.
law against the small minority that
was recalcitrant rgainst these. prihcl'
ples, was a thing that it was -difficult
to determine upon, and it wad a very
great burden, let me say, to fall upon
a particular administration of -.his
government to have to undertake
practically the whole business of:Einal
definition. That is what- has been at-~
tempted by the congress -now about -
to come to a close. It has attempted
to define the reforms for which -the- -
country has been getting ready.
Must Test Value, -
"It will require a period of tist to
determine whether they have sue
cessfully defined them or net, but no
one needs to have it proved to him
that it was necessary to define -them -
and remove the uncertainties : and.
that the uncertainties being removed,
common understandings are possible
and a universal cc-operation.
"In the first place, I feel that the
mists ano miasmic suhpicions that*
have filled the business world. have'
now been blown away. . . '. No-'
body is henceforth going to be arraid
of or suspicious of any business be
cause it is big. But they have been
suspicious whenever they.'-thought
that the bigness as feing used to take
an unfair advantage. . . . But
pond having been given for the big
fellow, we can sleep u .conscious at
"The era of priva'te business in the
sense of business conducted with the
money of the partners-I mean of
the managing partners-is practical
ly past. . .. Therefore, almost aHl
business has this direct responsibility
to the public in general. We owe a
constant report to the public 'whose
mercy we are constantly asking for
in order to conduct th> business It
self. Therefore, we have got to trade -
not only on our efficiency, not only on
the service that we render, but on the
confidence that we cultivate. There
is a new atmosphere for business.
The oxygen~ that the lungs of modern
business takes in is the oxygen of the
public confidence and if you have not
got that your business Is essentially
paralyzed and asphyxiated.
Liberty for Business.
"I take it that we are in a posItion
now to come to a common under
standing, knowing that only a- corn
mon understanding will be the stable
basis of business and that what we
want for business hereafter is the
same kind of liberty that we want for
the individual. The liberty of the In- .
dividual is limited with the greatest
sharpness where his actions come
into collision with the interests of the
community he lives in.
"There have been times-I will
not specify them, but there have been
times-when the field looked free,
but when there were favors received
from the -managers of the course,
when there were advantages given,
inside tracks accorded. . practices
which would block the other runner,
rules which would exclude the ama
teur who wanted to get in. That .
may be a free field, but there Is
favor, there is partiality, there Is
(Continued on last page.) .
England Lends Rurnania $25,000,000 .
An agreement was signed in Len
don Wednesday in which $25,000.0.00
was lent to RumanIa, which wilI-be
used, it is supposed, -for War: mate
rials. -' -
Biggest Gun Ready.
The biggest army gun, ' recently
completed for the Panama canal de
fences, can throw a 2,400 pound shiefl
01 mile. It is 56 feet In 1angth,