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SHIP PURCHASE BILL THREAT
ENED BU REBELLION.
DIOERATS PLAN ANEW
When Senate Convened After Long
Filibuster Democrat Moves to Re
commit Bal-Caues Flurry in
Hals and Cloakrooms-Doubt Ex
pressed Over Bill's Success.
A plan guarded with the utmost
secrecy was adopted by administra
tion'Democrats of the Senate in cau
cus to break down opposition to the
government ship purchase bill. The
program includes parliamentary ma
noeuvres, which will be put into ac
tjon in the Senate, and, according to
leaders of the party, is calculated to
bring support for the measure to off
set Monday's Democratic revolt.
After, reaching an agreement the
caucus adopted a resolution pledging
every member to secrecy. Senator
Kern, chairman of the caucus, an
nounced that secrecy was necessary
for the obvious reason that to make
the plans public might mean their
frustration. . It was reported later
that included in- the program was an
agreement to amend the bill to con
form with suggestions from various
sources made within the last few
"We will get the bill in the Senate
again." said Senator Kern. "That
positively is all that can be said. The
-opposition did not confide to us what
they intended to do last Monday. For
the same reason we can not divulge
Nine Democrats in the Senate Mon
- day joined an alliance with the Re
publicans in an unexpected attempt
to recommit the government ship pur
Senator Clarke of Arkansas sprang
the surprise when he rose while Sen
ator William Alden Smith of Michi
gan was concluding a long speech
against the bill and asked him to
yield for a motion. The senator
yielded and Senator Clarke, int-oduc
ing his remarks with an appeal for
consideration of other legislation,
moved to send back the ship bill.
The legislative pandemonium that
followed has not been witnessed in
the Senate in years. Senators poured
from the cloak rooms to the chamber
The rush from the Republican cloak
room was even more immediate, as
Republicans had been forewarned
As soon as administration leaders
could catch their breath. Senator
Fleteher, in charge ofrthe bill, made
-a point of order against the motion
wheh Vice-Fresident Marshall sus
Senator Clarke appealed and- the
chair was overruled and Senator
Clahke's appeal sustained, 46 to 37.
Nine Democrats voted with the Re
ublicans- The motion to recommit
as pending when the Senate ad
JOurned until noon Tuesday.
The nine Democrats who voted
atgainst the ruling of the chair weie
'had of Alabama, Camden of
Kentucky, Clarke of Arkansas. -Hard
wick of.-Georgia Bryan 2f Florida.
Hitchcock of Nebraska, WGorman of
New York, Smith of Georgia and Var
daman .of MinsissippL.
A., roon as the record of this vote
bad been cleared Senator Stone was
-recognized. The chamber was In con
fusion -as the Missourian, who har
stiood by the -bill through the bitter
struggle of the last two weeks, sur
veyed the assemblage for a moment.
With a testure toward his own slde
of-the aisle, Senator Stone declared:
"In- order that .Democrats may.
rave- a conference and that the Re
ubu4cn and their allies may hold s
ebqnference, I move that the Senate do
- -'The motion was limediately put
and there .was a loud chorus of
no 'es''-narolal the motion te
36. enaor Sorethen moved that
Senator Clarke's motion to recommit
thebtill be laid on the table, an d this
too, was lost by a vote of 44 to 42
seven Democrats voting with the Re
publicans and Senator LaFollette
aligning himself with the Democratic
-Democrats who opposed the motion
to take were Bankhead.- Camden
Clarke, Hitchcock. O'Gorman and
- ardaman. These seven, if subse
quently developed, had confererd ear
ly in the day and determined to brealt
the ileadlock with a view to materia'
revision of the measure or entirely
sidetracking it. at least insofar ac
the present session Is concerned.
This brought the motion to recom
mait squarely before the Senate, wher
Senator Reed of Missouri was recog
nized and began arraizning his col
leagues who had- revolted, and Re
nublicans who had oDosed the-bill a-e
supporters f the shinn~rg trust
which had sought to plunder the
shippers of America. For nearly ar
hour Senator Reed, who persistently
throughout t'he administration has
been opposed to Its purpose, defended
As Senator Reed was speaking Re
ptublican Senators exalted, while
-Democratic leaders rushed hurriedly
in and out of committee room con
ferences to determine on a course of
action. They counted noses, figuring
on abeentees and could not see a way
out of the difficulty..
Senator Fletcher, when Senator
Reed had concluded, moved adjourn
ment, which was voted.
00TTON PRICES BREAK.
German Market Goes Down With Ar
rival of Ships.
The break in German cotton pricer
from 19 1-2c to 16 1-2c a pound, is
*due, American Ambassador Gerard
stated In a dispatch Thui-sday, to ar
-rival of cotton steamers at 'Eremen.
opening of the port of Rotterdam
slackening of demand from spinnerr
on account of freer offerings and an
--ticipated decline in prices, and sale
of captured cotton stocks from Lodz
Cotton mills in Germany are run
ning three-quarters capacity, and us
ing 150,000 bales'a month. Commer
cial Attache Thompson at Rotterdam
reported. "Thisa'amount is apparent
ly provided by ships arriving and
afioat." he stated. . "Cotton pricer
are declining. Shippers are coution
ed against expecting continuation of
high prices. They should go slow
about chartering ships at the present
No Spanish Ships to Come.
Fearing that the presence of Ad
miral Dewey might cause manifesta
tions unpleasant to the Spanish sail
ors that government has decided not
to send a ship through the canal to
. Steamer Dacia Sets Sail.
The steamer Dacia, loaded with
cotton, has set out from Galveston.
bound for Rotterdam, via Norfolk.
This is the ship which England Is ex
- pected to stop.
Seven Workmen Killed.
Seven workmen of Grand Rapids.
Mich., -were killed Mgonday while
clearing away d1~ ebrig g a burnl
WILL SEIZE FOOD
;REAT BRITAIN NOW REGARDS
IT AS CONTRABAND.
kmerican Ambassador at london
State Department Decision of Eng
Ambassador Page at London cabled
the state department Tuesday that
the British fleet had been ordered to
treat grain and flour cargoes destin
ed for Germany or Austria as condi
tional contraband subject to seizure
and confiscation. This step, the am
bassador explained, was tiken be
cause Germany had decreed confisca
tion of all grain and flour to conserve
the nation's food supply.
Since the publication of the Ger
man order the ambassador, Vount
von Bernstorff, has personally assur
ed the American government that no
foodstuffs imported from the United
States or other neutral countries
would be seized by the German gov
ernment, and press dispatches have
announced the issuance of a modify
ing decree making such exemptions
by the government.
Ambassador Page said Great Brit
ain had agreed that an exception
would be made in the case of the
steamship Wilhelmina, now bound
from New York for Hamburg with
grain and other food, because she
had sailed before the German decree
was issued. The vessel would be
seized, it was said, but she would be
released and her cargo purchased at
invoice price by the British govern
ment. Warning was given, however,
that similar shipments hereafter
would be seized, as well as the ves
sels, and confiscated.
This announcement gave a new
phase to negotiations that have been
in progress since the beginning of
the war in regard to the right of neu
tral states to ship food to belliger
ents. In thre British note regarding
the Dacia it was stated that it had
been decided not to interfere with
such shipEpents provided they were
intended for non-combatants and not
for the army or government with
which England was at war. It was
intimated then that exceptional con
ditions might warrant some change
in this plan.
The state department has not de
cided what shall be done. As a pre
liminary it has advised the W. L.
Greene Commisson company of St.
Louis, owners of the Wilhelmina's
cargo, of the British government's
determination to appropriate the
cargo and pay for it. Ambassadoz
Page has been asked for further. in.
formation on the general subject.
STORMS SWEEP COUNTRY.
Wisconsin Train is Snowbound From
Sunday to Tuesday.
One of the worst storms of the
winter is general from the Middle
West to the Middle Atlantic States,
New England and throughout Can
ada. Rain, sleet, snow and wind
have disrupted railway traffic, ham
pered wire communication and im
some sections raised rivers to the
There have been heavy snow
storms in the northern tiersof states,
and railway traffic there has
been almost suspended' or greatly re
tarded. One Chicago and North
western train, filled with passengers,
was held in a high bank of snow near
Maribel, Wis., from 10 o'clock Sun
day night until Tuesday afternoon.
Western Missouri, Kansas and South
ern Nebraska report that a heavy
snow has set in.
In the Middle West many 'wire:
have been carried down and a fall ii
temperature is causing additiona
trouble. Wire communication from
,Chicago to many points was difiheult.
Northern and Western New York
and New England have been hit hard
and traffic of all kinds has suffered.
severely. Ogdensburg, N. Y., reports
that business there has been almost
entirely suspended by a gale and
Sir John French Sees King, States.
men an'- Officers.
Sir John French, commander in
chief of the British forces In France
and Belgium, has paid another secret
visit to London. He conferred with
the king and the war council and re
turned without a word of his trip ap
pearing in the newspapers. Contrary
to precedent the king called on Sir
John at his residence.
Sir John reached London Tuesday
morning, January 12. No one recog
nized him in citizen's clothes. His
first caller was Premier Asquith,'whc
was followed by Winston Churchill,
first lerd of the admiralty, and he by
Lloyd George. It was evening wheu
the king arrived by motor. No one
knew of his coming. It is doubtful
even whether Sir John's butler for
the moment recognized the visitor.
The king remained alone with Sir
John for more than an hour. What
they discussed will remain for some
future chronicler of the~ war to dis
Next day Sir John left from Char
ing Cross station for Dover. There
he boarded a cruiser for Calais. To
guard against mines or sudden at.
tack a destroyer preceded the crqiser
and at each side of her steamed a
MAY GET DISTRICT,
House Committee Favors Second Ju.
dicial District for S. C.
Prospects of le-gislation for ap.
pointment of district judge, attor
ney and marshall for the Western
Federal District of South Carolina
brightened decidedly Tuesday, when
the judiciary committee of the House,
after a hearing attended by several
members of the Palmetto delegation,
voted to report favorably the bill In
troduced by Congressman Wyatt
Aiken on the 14th of last month.
It is believed that if the measure
can be put through the House with
out having the celebrated Cullop
amendment attached to it, as it has
been to similar bills during the past
few years, It wsill be possible to se
cure action by the Senate at the pres
ent ses:;ion. The effect of the Cullop
amendrient hitherto has been to.
Digeonhtle bills in the Senate judici
ary committee. This amendment pro
vides that the president shall make
public all the recommendations he re
ceives in corxnection with the nomina
tion of a jud.ge.
Villa Said to be Wounded.
According to a rumor current in El
Paso, Gen. Francisco Villa has been
desperately wounded by one of his
Dersonal body guard. A denial has
Carrier and Money Disappear.
A mail carrier with a pouch con
taining $3.000 have disappeared from
Winston-Sale, N. C. His wagon and
yvercoat have been found.
Calls Troops to Colors. .
The King of Italy has called to the
:olors all reservists of the class of
1888, which Is those born in that
Break Up in CThicago.
Chicago bakers have~ practica11y
REPORT ON ASYLUM
XANNING SENDS HERRING'S RE
PORT TO LEGISLATURE.
WHAT HOSPITAL NEEDS
Governor's Invitation to Legislature
to Visit Asylum and Study Its Nec- 1
essary Needs is Accepted-Expert
Recommends Improvement of Old
Fair and impartial in every detail 1
was the report sent to the general
assembly by Gov. Richard I. Manning,
dealing with conditions at the State
Hospital for the Insane. The special
report on the asylum was prepared by I
Dr. A. P. Herring of Baltimore, sec
retary of the Maryland lunacy com- ]
Dr. Herring acted as the personal
representatives of Gov. Manning. Ac
companying the report was a mes
sage from Gov. Manning, in which he
asked the members of the legislature
to visit the asylum on Thursday af
ternoon and see what is needed there.
The invitation was accepted by the
In general, the report recommends
the improvement of the old asylum
property; declares that the present
institution is fifty years behind the
times; calls for the removal of all
negro patients to State Park; states
that recreation is needed for the pa
tients; calls strict attention to the
immediate installation of the proper
The report is the result of an un
biased probe. Dr. T. J. Strait, the
present superintendent, is commend
ed for his kindness. It is stated in
the report that Dr. Strait has not suf
ficient executive ability to administer
the affairs. In general, all of the
present employees are commended
for doing their best work under pres
ent physical conditions.
A thorough and unbiased report on
conditions existing at the State Hos
pital for the Insane was sent to the
general assembly by Gov. Richard -.
"I invite your honorable body to
meet at the hospital on Thursday af
ternoon at 3 o'clock, so that you may
see for yourselves the needs, and can
the better understand the changes in
the buildings that are contemplated
and desired," said Gov. Richard I.
Manning in a message to the general
assembly, which was'sent In with the
report of conditions at the State Hos
pital for the Insane.
The message follows:
"I have the honor of submitting
herewith the report of Dr. A. P. Her
ring on the condition and needs of
the Hospital for the Insane. You
have doubtless read in the public
prints of my purpose to secure a
thorough, scientific, non-partisan in
vestigation of this institution. I
realize that we have been fortunate
in securing the services of Dr. Her
ring, who has both technical train
ing and practical, experience neces
sary for such work. He has a na
tional reputation and is endorsed by
the highest authorities.
"I requested Dr. Herring to give a
calm statement of existing condi
tions; I wanted nothing sensational
or hysterical. In the accompanying
report you will find a strong pre
sentation of what I want you to in
spect personally and verify for your
selves. The general requirements for
treatment of patients suff ring from
mental diseases, and suggestions for
improvement in the physical condi
tion of the hospital, and treatment of
the insane as offered by Dr. Herring,
will, I am confident, commend them
selves to you as wise and practical,
and nothing short of a plain and man
datory duty-a sacred debt to these
suffering impotent patients."
Het~e is the keynote of the Investi
"The duty of South Carolina to its
Insane is a cardinal,'a sur reme obli
gation to do all and everything with
out stint for their benefit that its
financial resources possibly permit or
enable it to do; to exercise in. their
interests, through the public officials,
every effort and labor they are cap
able of, and to put Into effect all the
means and resources at its command
to perform most effectually this great
debt to humanity, this direct and im
mediate obligation to its people and
this noble duty to all the future."
Dr. Herring says that the funda
mental principles underlying the en
tire plan of reorganization proposed
in the report is to make certain
changes in the law relating to the
control of the State Hospital for the
The following amendments to the
constitution governing the asylum
1.' The superintendent 'should be
appointed by the board of regents.
and not by the governor, removable
only for cause and after a hearing.
2. The board of regents should
consist of five members, appointed by
the governor, with the sanction of the
Senate. They should be appointed,
at first, one for two years. two for
four years, two for six years, subse
quent appointments to be made for a
period of six years, The members of
this board are not removable except
for cause and after a hearing.
3. The superintendent to make all
appointments, with the sanction of
the board of regents, and to have the
power of dismissal of same, to be ap
proved by the board. The superin
tendent is to report to thc board of
regents the activities of the hospital.
and the board of regents to report to
the governor and general assembly.
Briefly, the governor will appoint a
board of regents in whom he has ab
solute confidence. They in turn will
select a superintendent in whom they
have every confidence, and who, of
course, has had training In the care
and treatment of the insane and in
hospital management, and it will then
be up to the superintendent to con
duct the hospital in a proper manner.
There should be no dual authority or
4. All rules and regulations for '
the hospital are to be formulated by
the board and executed by the super
intendent and his assistants. There
is no reason why the general assem
bly should be asked to approve or re
.iect the rules governing the conduct
of a hospital for the insane.
S5. To change the name from the
"State Hospital for the Insane" to
the "Columbia St..te Hospital," while<
the hospital for the negroes will ge
known as "State Park Colony."
6. To provide for voluntary admis
7. To provide for a fiscal agent,
whose duty will be to see that every
patient who has relatives or an estatea
responsible for his support will be
made to reimburse the State. This
might well be done in connection
with the "State board of charities."
8. 'No female patient to be brought
to the hospital unless accomnpanied
by her father, husband, adult son or
brother or by some relative, friend or
nurse of the same sex.
9. To provide for a system of after
care or placing out of patients who
are able to leave the Institution, and. t
while not entirely recovered, yet are s
able to live satisfactorily under pro
per supervision away from the hos
30. To provide for the admiision, b
care and treatment of inebrlates. d
HE GINNINGS BY COUNTIES FOR
rovernment Census Department Give
Figures on Cotton Crops of 1913
and 1914 up to January 16.
Wm. J. Harris, director of the cen
us, department of commerce, an
Lounces the preliminary report of cot
on ginned by counties in South Car
>lina to January 16 for the crops of
914 and 1913. The report was
nade public for the State at 10 a. m.
)n Saturday, January 23. (Quanti
ies are in running bales, counting
ound as half bales. Iinters are not
ncluded.) The figures follow:
bbeville . . . . 32,140 33,308
kiken . . . . . 47,723 47,206
anderson . . . . 54,265 270,588
3amberg . . . . 27,426 27,367
3arnwell . . . . 59,683 56,554
3eaufort . . . . 9,019 7,732
Berkeley . . . . 16,383 13,356
3alhoun . . . . 30,610 27,031
,harleston . . . 16,882 15,700
'herokee . . . . 16,109 17,631
"hester . . . .. 33,672 32,022
'hesterfield . . 33,526 29,822
Clarendon . . . 48,462 40,013
Colelton . . . . 23,205 19,230
Darlington. . . 44,768 37,440
Dillon . . . . . 37,954 36,062
Dorchester . . . 18,291 16,607
Edgefneld. . . . 32,059 32,476
Fairfield . . . . 24,048 25,826
Florence . . . . 46,515 43,480
Georgetown . . 5,256 3,732
Greenville . . . 43,446 41,710
"reenwood . . . 30,761 31,698
Hampton . . . -. 21,505 19,443
Horry . . . . . 11,974 10,022
Jasper . . . . . .6,529 6,143
Kershaw . . . . 30,408 26,861
Lancaster . . ... 23,880 24,188
Laurens . . . . 36,876 43,274
Lee . . . . . . 41,500 37,498
Leiington . . . 27,578 25,509
Marion . . . . . 14,705 17,698
Marlboro . . . . 60,348 52,410
Newberry . . . 32,748 33,904
Oconee . . . . 18,842 19,794
Orangeburg . . 83,536 77,811
Pickens . . . . 19,942 17,935
Richland . . . . 25,832 22,336
Saluda . . . . 24,115 25,072
Spartanburg . . 68,790 69,839
Sumter . . . . 51,706 40,533
Union . . . . . 18,602 20,393
Williamsburg. . 34,934 26,491
York . . . . . 38,122 39,980
Total . . . .1,424,950 1,368,774
Herring, M. D., under the present
plans a colony for the negro insane
of both seves would be established at
State Park. There is a building at
this place which is now occupied by
less than 100 negro women.
"None of the work on this build
ing," says the report, "was done by
the labor of patients. Under our pro
posed plan at least 100 able-bodied
negro male patients would be trans
ferred to State Park and housed in
the small wooden building now on
the place. These patients would be
utilized in doing all of the general
labor, such as excavating, clearing
the land, unloading Cars, mixing
cement, etc. This would save the
State a. great deal of money and by
erecting a permanent and compara
tively inexpensive building all of the
negro patients could be housed in the
near future and at a comparatively
small cost. I would say within $400
a bed. This, to my mind, is one of
the most important things connected
with the entire plan of . reorganiza
"The . negroes could be used for
farming purposes, and thern~ is no
reason why most of the produce used
in the hospital could not be produced
on this farm by the patients' labor.
By occupying the negroes In this
manner restraini: could be absolutely
abolished; the patients would be hap.
pier and more contened; there would
be a large number of recoveries, and
at the same time they would become
a valuable asset to the institution and
"In addition to the colony for the
negroes there could be erected at
State Park a building for the idiotic
and imbecile children, who are now
living with the patients in the State
hosptal. The importance of segre
gating the imbecile and feeble mind
ed children from the adults has never
been questioned. There should also
be constructed at State Park a sepa
rate building for cases of tuberculo
sis and pellagra. There is a splendid
opportunity, both at the present hos
pital and at State Park, to develop
Cotton States of the South Planting
More Oats and Wheat.
The acreage planted to oats last
fall in cotton States exceeded that of
the preceding year nearly 2,000,000
acres, and the increase in So.arthern
heat acreage was almost as great, the
departmnent of agriculture announced
partment's figures follow:
Planted in oats, fall of 1913, 2,455
000; 1914, 4,355,000
Planted in wheat, fall cf 1913, 5,
459,000; 1914, 7,271,000.
The wheat and oat increase, the de
partment said, appears to have been
more thatn.10 per cent. of the acre
age planted to colton last year. Re
ports to the department indicate an
intentio'n on the part of Southern
planters to considerably increase the
acreage of the 1915 spring planting
af corn and opring ornts.
The followirng table prepared by
thre department. gives the a-reage in
3rease in Southern States:
Korth Carolina. 470,000 98,000
Bouth Carolina. 164,000 336,000
3eorgia. . . 170, 000 328,000
ilabama . . 63,000 258,000
ississippi . 1,000 156,000
[exas . . 228,000 291,000
irkansas. . . 56,000 154,000
[ennessee . . 143,000 124,000
)klohoma ~. . 515,000 44,000
Totals . . . . 1,812,000 1,903,000
FRENCH ARE STARVING.
nhabitants of the Valley of Meuse
Are Dying for Food.
Herbert C. Hoover, chairman of the
kmerican commission of the Ameri
an Commission for Belgian Relief,
eturned to London from a tour of in
pection in Belgium and issued this
"An appalling situation has been
resen dtetNthe5S-etaoin etaoin etaoi
resented to the commission with re
ard to the French peasantry in the
alley of the Meuse, where there are
0,000 persons absolutely without
ood. Our investigation there show
d a large number of deaths already
Mexico City is Quiet.
State department advices from
exico City are that the ,gity has be
ome quiet. Persons owning more
han on heouse are being forced to
elI extra ones to the government.
Jesus Carranza and Son Killed.
Gen. Jesus Carranza and son have
een killed by Gen. Santibanez, who
eserted the Constitutionalists to go
SUBMARINES SINK FIVE
SHOCK LIVERPOOL CONDIERCE
BY NEW DEPREDATIONS.
London Tells of Raid on Western
Coast of England-Submarine
Chases Big Ships.
London reports: "The toll taken
by the German submarine U-21 in its
raid late Saturday in the Irish sea,
in the vicinity of Liverpool, still
stands at three ships-the steamers
Ben Cruachen, I.inda Blanche and the
Kilcoan, the last a small vessel. The
Kilcoan's crew was landed Sunday on
the Isle of Man by a coastwise
"In addition a German submarine
also has torpedoed two British steam
ers in the English channel near Havre
-the Tokomaru and the Icaria. The
Irish sea raider escaped and shipping
interests, believing she had returned
to her base, ordered a iesumption of
"This under-water -Emden is the
vessel which .last September torpe
doed in the North sea the British
cruiser Pathfinder with a loss of 246
lives and later destroyed two British
steamers off Havre. She found num
erous vessels in the waters to which
she has now transferred her activi
"In adition to the three vessels
she is known to have sunk, she chas
ed at least five other steamers. These
include the steamer Graphic, with
100 passengers and a crew of 40 and
the smaller boats Atreus, Ava, Kath
leen and Edymion. All these vessels
escaped in zig-zag flight.
"The Graphic's captain and his
passengers donned life belt and sent
all the members of the crew to the
stoke hole so that the steamer could
keep up a fuH head of steam. The
captain also took the precaution to
warn by wireless vessels from com
ing into the zone of the submarine's
"The Allan line steamer Scandina
vian from St. John, N. B., January 22
for Liverpool with 500 passengers on
board, learned of the raid of the U-21
and put into Queenstown. After re
maining in Queenstown for a short
time the steamer proceeded for Liv
Paris reports: "The British steam
er Tokomaru has been sunk by a tor
pedo from a German submarine. The
English vessel Icaria also was torpe
doed in the same locality. In the
Irish sea the English steamers Iinda
Baanche and Ben Cruachen were tor
"The Tokomaru was bound from
New Zealand to England. Her crew
was rescued by the trawler Semper.
No details are available concerning
"The Tokomaru was a vessel of
3,912 tons. She sailed from New
Castle, New South Wales, on Octo
ber 29. Shipping records make no
mention of the Icaria.
"The French steamer, Admiral
Gantheume, was sunk October 26,
while on her way from Calais to
Havre with Belgian refugees, of
whom 40 lost their -lives."
Fleetwood reports the captain of
the steamer Ben Cruachen, 1,978
tons, says he was overtaken by the
submarine this morning and order
ed to leave his ship within ten min
utes. Hardly had the crew got into
the boats when a torpedo was fired
and the steamer went down.
London reports: "The Linda
Blanche was on its way from Man
chester, to .r..elfast when the subma
rine suddenly appeared alongside.
Officers came aboard and ordered the
crew to leave. As soon as the men
of the Linda Blanche were in their
boats the Germans attached a mine
to the bridge and another to the fore
castle. The mines were theni explod
ed, destroying the vessel.
"The Germans directed the British
sailors .where they should find a
trawler, and tho crew was picked up
when the fishing boat was reached."
DUG OUT OF WELL.
Negro Workman Saved From Death
After a Cave-In.
John .Small, a negro. while engaged
in digging a well near Kershaw, was
nearly killed by suffocation caused by
a cave-in of the sides of the well.
The man was at a depth of 40 feet
when suddenly the loose -rock from
the side fell in, knocking the man
down, and the loose dirt and mud
caved in on him and completely cov
ered the man, except one hand held
over his head to protect himself from
the falling rock.
The struggles of the negro and his
cries for assistance soon brought
Hampton Hinson, upon whose place
he was working, to his assistance, and
he- was soon brought to the surface.
Except for .a flesh wound in his 9.ce,
caused by some falling timber, tie
man was apparently uninjured.
TO STUDY AERONAUTICS.
Tiflman Resolution Suggests Ap
pointment of Committee.
Appointments of an advisory com
mittee on aeronautics to supervise
scientific study of flight is pi oosed
in a joint resolution introduc id eat
urday by Senator Tillman, ch airman
of the naval committee. The com
mittee would consist of fourteen
members, to be named by the presi
dent, two from the war department,
two each from the bureau in charge
of military aeronautics and bureau
in charge of naval aeronautics, a rep
resentative each of the Smithsonian
Institute, weather bureau and bureau
of standards and seven civilians skill
ed in aeronautics. All would serve
"Establishment of such a commit
tee," said Senator Tillman, "would
be in the line of the best practice of
European nations, such a.C Great Brit
ain, France and Germany, all of
which have made remarkable pro
gress in aviation."
.WAiTING ON ADVICE.
Manning Securcs Legal Advice on
"I am with you and will be glad
to issue an order rseinding the or
der of the former governor under
which you were declared disbanded,
but I am waiting on legal advice and
can not take action now," was what
Gov. Richard I. M~anning told a com
mittee from the National Guard as
sociation that presented a resolution
to him asking him to take action to
reinstate the militia.
In addition to conferring with the
committee, Gov. MIanning appeared
before the association and urged it to
submit a definite proposition to him.
The request that lhe rescind the o-der
that disbanded the militia was the
proposition laid before him.
Drops to Fourth Place.
Comparison by tonnage will force
the United States navy to fourth
place with a tonnage of S94.8S9, as
against Great Britain's 2,714.106.
Germany's 1,306,577 and France'r
Senator Sheppard's Life Threatened.
Senator Sheppard of Texas has
turned over to the Washington police
a letter, threatening his life if lie did
not cease agitation against the Sa
loops in Washington.
CAN SHIP AIRSHIPS
BRYAN WON'T STOP EXPORTS AS
UPHOLDS OUR POSITION
German Ambassador Calls State De
partment's Attention to Purchasing
of Aeros by Allies-Bryan Makes
Reply That This Country is Not
Bound to Interfere.
In reply to Germany's protest
against the building of hydroaero
planes by American manufacturers
for England and. Russia, Secretary
B.ryan has informed the German am
bassador that the state department
does not concur in the contention
that such craft are vessels of war
"whose delivery to belligerent states
by neutrals should be stopped."
The correspondence on the subject
was made public Monday by Mr.
Bryan. On January 19 Count von
"Mr. Secretary of State:
"It has come to my knowledge that
a number of hydroaeroplanes have
been ordered in the United States for
belligerent states from the Curtiss
plant at Hammondsport, N. Y., and
that a part of them have already been
"An airship named America was
delivered in October of last year to
England. Five more hydroaeroplanes
of the same type have been delivered
"England has also ordered 21 by
droaeroplanes of the L N. model (70
'horsepower) from Curtiss.
"Curtiss is also building for Eng
land 12 hydroaeroplanes of the. K
model of 160 horsepower.
"Russia has also recently ordered
a number of hydroaeroplanes of the
K model from Curtiss. How many is
not yet known.
"The motors for the aeroplanes
are built partly by Curtiss himself at
Hammondsport, partly by the Hers
chel-Spillman motor factory at North
Tonawanda, N. Y.
"The wings are made at the Cur
tiss plant, the minor parts by the
Autocrat Manufacturing company.
The Tonawanda Boat company fur
nishes the boat part.
"There is no doubt that hydro
aeroplanes must be regarded as war
vessels whose delivery to belligerent
states by neutrals should be stopped
under article 8 of the 13th conven
tion of second Hague conference of
October 18, 1907. Hydroaeroplanes
are not mentioned by name in the
convention simply because there was
none in 1907, at the time of the con
"On the supposition that hydro
aeroplanes are. delivered to belliger
ents against the wishes of the gov
ernment of the United States, I have
the honor to bring the foregoing to
your excellency's kind knowledge.
"Accept, Mr. Secretary of State, re
newed assurances of my most distin
guished high consideration.
Secretary BryaA's reply dated Jan
uary 29 follows:
"Excellency: I have the honor to
acknowledge the receipt of your ex
cellency's note of the 19th inst., and
in reply have to inform you that the
statements contained in your excel
lency's note have received my careful
consideration in view of the earnest
purpose of this government to per
form every duty -which Is imposed
upon It as a neutral by treaty stipu
lation and international law.
"The essential statement in your
note, which implies an obligation on
the part of this government to inter
fere In the sale and delivery of hydro
aeroplanes to belligerent powers is:
"'There Is no doubt that hydro
aeroplanes must be regarded as war
vessels whose delivery to belligerent
states by neutrals should be stopped
undrr article 8 of- the 13th conven
tion of the second Hague conference
of October 18, 1907.'
"As to this assertion of the charac
ter of hydroneroplanes, I submit the
following comments: The fact that a
hydroaeroplane is fitted with appa
ratus to rise from and alight upon
the sea does not in my opinion give it
the character of a vessel any more
than the wheels attached to an aero
plane fitting it to rise from and alight
upon land give the latter the charac
ter of a land ve.hicle.
"Both the hydroaeroplane and the
aeroplane are essentially aircraft; as
an aid in military operations they can
only be used in the air; the fact that
one starts its flight from the surface
of the sea and the other from the
land is a mere incident which in no
way affects their aerial character.
"In view of these facts I must dis
sent from your exccellency's assertion
that 'there is doubt that hydroaero
planes must be regarded as war ves
sels,' and consequently I do not re
gard the obligations imposed by
treaty or by thex accepted rules of in
ternational law applicable to aircraft
of any sort.
"In this connection, I further call
to your excellency's attention that,
according to the latest advices receiv
ed by this department includes 'bal
loons and flying machines and th'ir
component parts' in the li'st of ad ii
tional contraband and that in the im
peial prize ordinance, drafted Sep
tember 30. 1909, and issued in the
Reichs Gezetzblatt on August 3,
1914, appear -as conditional contra
band 'airships and flying machines'
(art'icle 23, section 8).
"It thus appears that the imperial
government has placed and still re
tains aircraft of all descriptions in
the class of conditional contraband,
for wvhich no special treatment, in
volving neutral duty is, so far as I
am advised, provided by any treaty
to which the U.nited States is a signa
tory or adhering power.
"As in the views of this depart
ment the provisions of convention 13
of the second Hague conference do
not apply to hydroaeroplanes, I do
not consider necessary to discuss the
question as to whether those provi
sions are in force during the present
war. Accept, excellency, the renew
ed assurances of my h'ghest consid
"W. J. Bryan."
Consuls' Papers Only Suspended.
Notice from Germany that the ex
equators of ".eutral consuls in Bel
gium had expired caused the state
department to agree to send agree
able representatives but the position
was taken that other papers were
Girls Hurt When Wall Falls.
Twenty boys and Girls from four|
to sixteen years old were injured in]
New Orleans Siunday when a wall of
the orphan asylum in which they
were quartered fell in.
French Aviators Active.
French aviators dropped bombs at|
Laon, La Fere and Soissons on Fri-|
lay. A German aeroplane was
brought down near Gerbeville, says
a Paris dispatch.
To Pass Over His Veto. 1
The House committee will report
the mmigration bill Thursday with
the recommendation to pass It over
tha veto of the nresident. I
GERMAN OFFICER FLEES
LRIES TO WRECK STEEL CANA
DIAN RAILROAD BRIDGE.
lfter Arrival in This Country Says
His Offense an Act of War-Says
He Can't be Surrendered.
Another international problem in
3ident to the war was thrust upon
the United States Tuesday by the ac
tion of Werner Van Horn, who, op
erating on the Canadian side of the
border, dynamited the railway
bridge over the St. Crois river and
then escaped Tuesday into Maine.
A few hours later in a room at a
hotel in Vanceboro, Me., Van Horn
submitted to arrest, but immediately
proclaimed himself an officer of the
German army and set up the claim
that he had committed an act of war
and, having fled to a neutral coun
try, could not be surrendered legally
to an enemy of the fatherland.
The Canadian authorities took a
different view of the matter and im
mediately institu*ted proceedings to
extrgdite the prisoner on a charge of
destruction of railroad property.
Pending the outcome of these efforts
Van Horn is held at the immigration
office at Vanceboro in custody of a
deptuy sheriff. .
The bridge which Van Horn
sought to destroy was not greatly
damaged. Within a few hours cars
were shunted across one at a time,
the passengers walking over on the
ice. By morning, railroad officials
'said, the bridge would be strong
enough for trains to use it without
The bridg: is owned jointly by the
Maine Central and the Canadian Pa
cific railways, and is on the direct
route of the Canadian Pacific from
western Canada to the Maritime prov
inces. Over this road have been ship
ped large quantities of sar materials
for 'ie allies, which were dispatched
fron St. John to Halifax.
According to the police, Van Horn,
a man of middle cge, and of military
bearing, told them that he left Ger
many five y -ars ago and for the past
four years had been managing a
coffee plantation in Mexico. Recent
ly he made unsuccessful attempts to
return to his native land.
Friday night .Van Horn left New
York city, arriving at Vanceboro, Me.,
Saturday night. That same night by
appointment he met at the east end
of the bridge a man unknown to him:
The man gave him a satchel contain
ing dynamite. Van Horn supended
the satchel from the inside of an end
post of the bridge and about two
o'clock Tuesday morning discharged
Attorney General William R. Pat
tangall ordered that Van Horn be
held until further orders. While
there was no formal charge preferred
again him at first, arrangements
were made to have a warrant issued
if necessary in order to make certain
Van Horn's detention.
Van Horn, the officials state, could
be charged with damage to a rail
road bridge, which is an extraditable
offense or with damage to property
on the American side of the border
where windows were broken by the
explosion. Van Horn had not seen a
lawyer and appeared indifferent as te
what charges may be preferred
(Continued from page one.)
newed by the Turks at El Kantara
but this met with no greater success
than the other attempt, the Turkish
losses in'killed, wounded and prison
ers numbering upwards of 100.
"The New Zealand contingent, and
presumably the -Australians, toolk
part in the battles. Compared with
the battles in Poland and the Carpa
thians this was a mere flash, but ac
B'ritish territorials, Australians and
New Zealanders are receiving thel
baptism of fire in Egypt, and there
is much Interest in the attempts of
the Turks to move a-big army acrosc
the desert, the operations in that part
of the world are attracting unusua7
attention in England.
"The British foreign office, in a
statement bearing -on Germany's ac
tion in warning ships from going to
England or France, intimates tha4
possibly Great Britiin may undertake
retaliatory measures, saying:
" 'The apparent intention of the
German government to sink -mer
chant ships by submarines withou'
bringing into port or providing ac
commodation for their crews and re
gardless of the loss of civilian lives
has raised very seriously the questior'
whether Great Britain should adopt
more stringent measures against Ger
man trade.' "
Berlin reports: "In the Carpa
thian mountains German and Aus
trian and Hungarian soldiers have
been fighting shoulder to shoulde'
for some days past. We and our
allies have been several times suc
cessful in this difficult, snow-covered
ENGLAND IS MOVED.
Does Not Like Action of Government
in Changing Dacia.
Cable advices to the British for
eign office at London Thursday said
that loading of the Hamburg-Ameri
can steamship Dacia at Port Arthur
Texas. had been suspended. The
hope is entertained in official circles
that the United States will not per
mit this former German vessel, valid
ity of whose transfer to American
registry is Questioned, to enter the
German cotton trade.
The Washington suggestion that
the Dacia might carry cotton to Rot
terdam instead of Bremen is not re
garded by British officials as offering
a solution. The foreign office is not
risposed to decide precisely what ac
tion will be taken until it is knowr
positively that the Dacia has sailed
for Germany under the American
fag. Even then it is probable, a
prominent official intimated, ~at her
targo would be permitted to e~ach its
iestination, but the vessel detained if
the facts in conn ction with her sale
ire as reported.
ESC.aPED IN CAB.
Augusta Man lKills Another on Street
Corner and Rides Away.
William McCullough, about 2C
uears of age, was shot and apparently
nstantly killed by an unknown white
nan in Augusta Sunday night a'
4 :40 o'clock. Two shots were fired
ad the slayer, seeing that he had
lit his man, jumped into a closed
ab, which was awaiting him, made
:he cabman lash his horse into a fu
ious pace and made his escape.
Falling Tree Fatal.
Hugh Bird of near Edgefield. was
vatching a tree which he had cut
lown, fall Thursday, when a t rep|
Yhich had been cut by another rear
im. struck him, causing him to die
n four hours.
Riot in Italy Ov-er WVar.
Troops with fixed bayonets had to
~e called out in order to make peace
t a meeting held in oRme, Italy. to
t a meeting held in Rome, Italy. to
erward a movement for strict neu-l
TrERMANS TRY TO BREAK DEAD
LOCK BOTH SIDES.
TTACKIN AT WARSAW
London Reports Activity Upon Both
Fronts-German Submarine Attack
Affects Shipping-Attempt Made to
Sink Hospital Ship-New Army
London reports: "The Germans
have been making desperate efforts
the last few days to break the extend
ed deadlock on Eastern and Western
fronts. They have delivered a series
of attacks, always preceded by artil
lery activity, on the allied lines In
Flanders and France and, while in
almost every case they have thus won
a preliminary advantage, before the
fighting was concluded, the French,
British or -Belgians have regained the
trenches temporarily lost and in some
cases have occupied the German post
"The German artillery has subject
ed the Belgian positions in Flanders
to a severe bombardment, which sug
gests that the moment has arrived
for another effort to get across the
Yser and thence to the French coast
"In return the French have bom
barded the railway station at Noyon,
one of the German military centres,
behind their advanced lines.
"Heavy attacks .have been made
against the -Russian lines in central
Poland. Faced by flanking move
ments both north and south, .Field'
Marshal von Hindenberg made a des
perate effort, which apparently is to
be renewed to break through to War
saw and thus not only gain a great
military and political advantage for
Germany, but at the' same -time re
lease the pressure on Hungary and
East Prussia, in each of which re
gions the Russian troops are slowly
"The fighting west and southwest
of the Polish -capital has been of a
desperate character and the Germans
at first were successful but the Rus
sion offcial report declares that the
Russians by a counterattack regained
most of the lost ground. The tepert,
adds that the German losses were
'colossal.' The German official a
count simply says of the fighting
there: 'Making progress.'
"London news from Dover is that
five Zeppelin dirigible balloons, pre
sumably moving inland, Monday had
been fired on uy the forts broke the
monotony of news from battle fronts
where none of the armies has deliver
9d a blow sufficient to cause any shift
of its alignment.
"While It -was learned from the
police that the war office had issued
orders to prepare for an air raid, it
was Impossible to ascertain whether
this predaution was taken because air
craft really had been sighted, or as
a rehearsal. ~Parts of the. city of'
London, warned, had blinds drawn
for more than two hours, but noth
"German submarine attacks on
British merchant ships again were
the paramount topic of discussion.
and predictions were. made that' food
orices, already advancing;. would go
still higher If more raids are accom- -
plished. West coast shipping' still is
somewhat upset, the Dublin Steam
Packet company announcing temper
try abandonment of all sailings with
Belfast, Liverpool and Glasgow. Ohze
other Dublin compsany also has sus
pended sailings, but other schedulee
are being maintained.
"The chief solace Great Britain
finds in the German submarine at- -
tacks is that the craft thus used can
not take part in regular naval opera
"A German submarine still was at
large In the English channel Tuesday
and the French offcially report an
attempt to torpedo the hospital ship
Asturlas. The German aubmarine
submarine U-21, which recently'sank
three steamers in the Irish sea, has
not been seen since Sunday,.and it is
Dresumed she has withdrawn. Traf
nece in those waters,- however, con
tinues somewhat restricted, ship
owners preferring to keep in port all1
but the fast steamers which it Is 'be
lieved can elude the submarines.
"The Germans -have Issued a.awarn
ing that an attempt 'will be made to
sink their transports and have ad
vised neutral shipping to keep away
from the north and west coasts of
Petrograd reports: "Russian mili
tary authorities believe Field Mar
shal von IHindenberg is planning an
other thrust at Warsaw and that, in
fact, he. already is developing a gen
eral attack along the Warsaw front.
Especial significance is attached to
the violence with which the Germans
are resuming their attacks in the
Wyszogrod district, at the junction of
the Bzu,ra anid Vistula rivers, and
further south near Bolimow."
Nish reports via Paris: "Confir
mation has been received of the- re
port that a great Austro-German
army under Archduke Eugcn, of
Austria, intends to attempt a third
invasion of Servia. The troops ac
tually have been concentrated along
a line from Tekia to Schifka on the
Danube. Schifka Is thejfunction point
of the ~Hungarian-Roumanian and
Servian frontiers. The attack has
been delayed by the rising of the
Danube and the Save.
"The Servian general staff is fully
confident the issue will be favorable
to Servian arms, as the troops are
declared to be in excellent condition."
ANDERSON STRIXE ENDS.
Weavers Return to Work After Strike
of a Week.
The weavers and management hay
ing reached an agreement the ma'
rhinery of Equinox Mill, Anderson,
after being idle for nearly one week,
was started up at 1 o'clock Tuesday
afternoon. The weavers, who walk
ad out last Monday, contended that
they could not make $1.50 per day
under the new schedule or wages.
The officers of the mill declared that
they could make that much and
guaranteed them that much.
'Under the guarantee the weavers
went back to work, declaring they
were satisfied. The entire mill was
closed down, affecting four hundred
employees and cutting off the depend
ence of seven hundred persons. The
decrease in wages in the weave room
of the mills is 5 1-10 per cent. on the
average. The average in all the de-.
partments is 10 to 12 1-2 per cent.
Canada to Pay $15,000.
Canada has agreed to pay $15,000
indemnity to the families of the two
Americans shot recently while hunt
[ng near the militia.
Negro Kills His Wife.
George Carrol, a negro, of Olauta,
killed his wife Saturday by hitting
ier in the head with an axe.
Suffrage in Arkansas.
The Arkansas senate has passed a
>ill -submitting the woman suffrage
Lmendment to the people of that