Newspaper Page Text
V -T VTT MANNING, S, C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10.1915
LINN REORTS LOSS OF Two
NO W;ANGES IN THE WAR
tussians continae Their Offensive in
East Prussia While Austrians As
sil Their Trenches In Galicia and
Bakowi-Fleet Battering Dar
LAdon reports on Friday an ad
miralty statement confirmed the sink
ing- of a German submarine by de
stroyers r.nd said another rammed by
the British collier Thordis, probably
also had been destroyed.
The text of the statement follows: 1
"The stmomship Thordis has been ex- I
amined in dry dock and injuries to I
her keel and to her propeller con
frm the evidence of Captain Bell and
the crew that on the 28th of Feb
ruary the vessel rammed and In all
probabilty sank a German subma
rine which had fired a torpedo at her.
-Thursday afternoon the German
submarine U-S was sunk in the chan
ad of. Dover by destroyers; the of
seers and men -were taken prisoners."
London reports: Even should no 1
decisive battle develop from the pres- <
eat Russian offensive, the allies claim J
the Austro-German spring campaign C
-plans in the east have been measur- I
ably interfered with. C
Afew weeks ago Field Marshal von
Hindenberg was sweeping victorious- I
ly through northern Poland, while In 8
t'he south the Austrians were press- e
ingiorward in both Galicia and Buk- a
owina. Now Russian troops are at
ta-tn ftrom -the Niemen to the Vis- f
tula and. although -the Germans are b
elnging tenaciously to their positions I
before Ossowetz and at other points r
north-of. the Vistula, their thrust to-. a
wad Warsaw has been brought to a r
standstlli and they are being forced
slowly back to their own frontier. 0
News dispatches say that in the t
Soth the Austrians continue to fling 2
themselves- with great bravery j
against the Russian lines. These on- a
slaughts are costing the attackers
enormous losses, but the Russian t
general staff declare they have x
brought no gains. The German con- S
tingent in. the Carpathians has been v
reduced to three army corps, accord- t
Iig to- report, leaving the Austrian b
forces to bear the brunt of the fight- j
Meantime, the allied fleets are bat- I
tering their way slowly up the Dar-- t
danelles without, so far as Is known,
a single serious loss among the ships. M
The sultan of Turkey, says an Athens t
dispatch, has fled from Constantino- s
pe, but that has not been- confirmed, o
and reports from Turkish sources, no- i
tably an interview with Enver Pasha, v
depredate the seriousness of the Dar- b
danees bombardment and insist that e
the real defenses of the straits have 8
mpt been affected. r
It can be said that from the Brit- I
ish viewpoint, the situation, wherever
eghting is going on, is taken as fav- I
orable. The South African rebellion i
bas been crushed- the Turkish inva- a
Sion of Egypt seemingly has been c
aban-oned; reports from the east are m
encouraging; no d'dverse news re- e
garding the operations against the t
Dardanelles yet has been received, J
and the blockade on foodstuffs into 1
Germany is about to be enforced. A
In the west the Germans, judg- a
fug from dispatches are fighting hard
to recover the ground lost during the
last fortnight. Near Arras they have -
forged ahead somewhat, but the allies
* report progress, both in the Cham-a
pagne and the Argonne.t
President Determines to Appoint Leg
Islator a Federal Judge.
Representative Joseph T. Johnson
of Spartanburg has been selected byr
President Wilson, according to a
-Washington dispatch, for the new
federal judgeship in South Carolina
created by congress shortly before
adjournment. He was endorsed by 1
members of the South Carolina con- 1
gressional delegation. Former Gov.
John Gary Evans also has been sug
Endorsements of all kinds for the
new, federal judgeships in Georgia
and South Carolina were laid out to
public view at the department of juse
tice Friday as recuested by the acts
creating the positions, passed during1
the closing hours of congress. It was
the first time such a thing had been
done in the history of the American
More than 2.000 persons endorsed
-W. W. Lambdin, appointed district
judge in Georgia, and many individ
ual endorsements were posted for
candidates for the judgeship in South
182 MINERS BURIED.
Terrific Explosion Canses Entomb
ment of Many Foreigners.
After nearly twelve hours' work
rescuers early Tuesday night had
brought out alive only six~ of the 182
miners entombed by an explosion in
the Layland mines of the New River
and Pocahontas Consolidated Coal
company, near Quinnimont, W. Va.
The force of the explosion was ter
rific. The stone arch over the main
entrance of the workings was de
stroyed; windows within a 300-yard
radius were broken and the shock
was felt for miles around.
A. B. Cooper, who was delivering
groceries to a house within seventy
fie yards of the mine entrance, was
blown against a telegraph pole and
killed. Guard lines have been estab
lished about the workings and only'
rescuers are permitted within them.
Company officials refuse to give out
FRENCH OPPOSED TO PLANS.
Press Declares Embargo on Food to
Germany Must Stand.
The French press is unanimous in
declaring Great Britain can n..t ac
cept the informal proposals said to!
have been made by the United States
that the embargo on foodstuffs for
Germany be raised, provided Ger
many abandons her Intention of de
*stroyng merchant ships. The papers
express appreciation of the spirit in
which the proposals were made. The
Matin declares such a step would be
..rryin altruism altogether too far.
TO DO NOTHING NOW
U. S. MAEES NO MOVE IN DIPI
Washington Patiently Awaiting -
swer to Its Five Unanswered No
The publication -f the official t(
)f the German reply to the Americ
proposals for a cessation of subn
rine warfare and for free shipm(
f foodstuffs to civilian populatic
f belligerents was the only st
aken by the United States govei
nent Thursday in connection wi
he maritime situation as its affei
The State department declined
ive out the tpxt of the Americ
roposals because they still are und
onsideration by Great Britain a
ier 'allies. Until some reply is i
eived from the allies it is unlik(
hat any further move will be ma
)y the United States, though prej
-ation of a protest on Great Britaih
leclaration of an embargo on coi
nerce between Germany and neutra
Reports. from London that Gre
3ritain was solicitous about Ame
:an opinion on her declaration of
:ommercial embargo were read w!
nuch interest Thursday. Sir Ce
spring-Rice, the British ambassad<
alled on Secretary Garrison, and
ras reported he had sought unoi
Ially to learn Mr. Garrison's vies
he secretary of war would not d!
ass his conference with the Briti:
mbassador beyond saying it was u
With the adjournment of congr'
t generally is believed President '.v
on and the cabinet will give almo
xclusive attention to the foreign si
Replies to various diplomatic not
rom the belligerents are expected
e taken up within a few days. T
rited States bas pending five sep
ate negotiations, all related to tl
abject of maritime warfare and t
ights of neutrals.
First. Great Britain's prelimina:
bservations and the complete rep
the American protest of Decemb
8, concerning the treatment
nmerican commerce, has not been a
Second. Great Britain's reply
he American warning against t]
ieasure of responsibility that wou
eem to be imposed should Ameria
essels be attacked on account of fI
Itious use of neutral flags has n
een answered. The statement of t]
Lmerican position in this note pro
bly will not be reiterated, but t
rnited States is expected to stand <
he warning already given.
Third. Germany's reply tc t]
ote from the United States statir
hat Germany would be held to
trict accountability for any attac1
n American vessels or lives in t]
:ew marine war zone has been le
answered. This, too, probably w
e continued in further correspon
nce only insofar as it relates to ti
eneral situation, the warning beli
egarded as adequately conservii
Fourth. The proposals from t]
Tnited States to Germany and Gre
ritain for the removal of mines, t]
bandonment of submarine warfa
-n merchant ships and an arrang
ent by which the civilian populatic
f belligerents may import food
he distribution is supervised1
merican organizations or agenciE
tas been answered by Germany aloi
u answer from Great 'Britain is st
Fifth. The American governme
Las under consideration the mostr
ent note from Great Britain a:
Trance to all neutral ge.ernmen
.nnouncing that the allies would hc
hemselves at liberty to stop all co:
aerce between Germany and neutr
ountries. A reply to this commut
ation Is under consideration.
AMERICAN NOTE PRAISED.
eets With Warm Approval Anoi
The lentical note of the Americ;
overnment to Germany and Gre
3ritain meets with general prai
>Oth in the political world and
he newspapers of Italy. The Gi<
iale d'Italia expresses the hope tl
t may be the first step toward fi
her negotiations which will lead
,ourparlers for an ultimate undt
Pope Benedict was greatly intere
ad n the document and re~quest
ardinal Gasparri to send him t
;ext and also the German reply.]
lso had Cardinal Gasparri inqui
t the British legation to the HC
3ee as to what the British attitu
would be. Sir Henry Howard, 1
ritish minister, replied that he h
iothing to say on the subject.
PRAISE FOR TILLMAN.
ndrew Carnegie Lands Senator
Senator' Tillman Wednesday nie
read to the Senate a letter from A
drew Carnegie saying that fort
United States "to build a great na
or Increase the army would, min
opinion, be folly only equalled by'C
who declined to walk outside wi
out a lightning rod down his b:
because once there was a man stri
by lightning." Mr. Carnegie prais
Senator Tillman for advising1
country against increasing the n;
at this time.
TOOK ALL CASH IN SIGHT.
Robbers Capture Automobile
Robbers Tuesday morning held
Cashier Wallace, of the Bank
Stuart, Fla., and took all cash
sight, which was about $40.000.
caping from the bank, the robb
overhauled a passing autompbile
ommanded the driver, Frank Cov
try, to take them south, which he
at a sixty-mile clip.
At Port Sewell they ordered a h
but in leaving the machine one of
robber's revolver was accidentally
ploded. the bullet entering hisj
This did not, however, prevent
scape of the robbers. Coventry
ordered to return to Stuart. where
reported to the authorities where
had left the robbers. Posses are
scouring the country for them.
Snow Storm Moving East.
A snow storm which is sweep
eastward from the middle west
predicted to turn into rain on
CONORESS is OVER t
AFTER BEING IN SESSION FOR t
MANY PATHETIC SEENES
,a- Speaker Clark Overwhelmed by Ex-n
ns pressions of Regard-Man and '
a Underwood Receive Laudatory En- b
AS comiums-Much Business Rushed m
to Through on Last Day. M
an After two years of almost continu- t<
er ous session, the 63rd congress, which s(
id revised the tariff and the currency
*e system of the nation, supplemented e
,ly the trust laws, created an income tax
de and demonstrated the first popular b:
a- election of United States senators, a
is ended at noon Thursday. A
When gavels fell in the House and n,
Senate, signalizing the adjournment, T
t they signalled the close of half of it
President Wilson's administration, fc
a the first under domination of the ei
tha Democratic party since 1895. Stren- n
uous scenes enlivened the fading
hours devoted chiefly to completing H
ithe appropriations for subsistence of fc
s. Two important measures, the post s(
is- office and Indian supply bills, failed P
3h in the final legislative rush, after S1
n- desperate efforts had -been made to tE
have them. In the emergency occa
ss sioned by their failure joint resolu- ai
l-I tions were passed and signed by the d
st president continuing in fo-ce appro- T
t Ipriations -of the present year. p
While tired senators and repre
es sentatives were devoting their ener
to gies to final essentials, President tr
le Wilson spent more than an hour in cc
a- his room at the capitol, surrounded ax
ie by his cabinet, signing the last fruits
le of legislation. The president found
time in the midst of this task to gr-et a
ry senators and representatives, and he
1Y made the occasion entirely one of t
r congrat.ulation, making no reference
f to projects which had failed. a
Scores of members of both houses 8p
joined in an exodus from Washing- m
to ton, taking with them assurances that in
I no extra. session of congress would
Id be called, at least before fall. De- I
spite the fact that many important S(
c- bills failed of consideration because
it of the long filibuster against the ship te
be purchase bill, it was generally under- ki
b stood congress would be given a rest til
ie and the country a respite from legis- hi
m lation it was regarded as extremely hi
probable, however, that the 64th con- Se
e gress would be summoned in .Octo- tu
a ber in order to be able to adjourn
a for the political conventions and Na- s
Stional Convention of 1916.
f Other. important measures, which ti<
i died with the end of congress along sl
d- with the ship purchase bill, were the fic
ieI Phillippine enlarged self-government
;bill, rural credits legislation, the bill clI
to prohibit interstate commerce in tb
goods manufactured by child labor, in
1e and the conservation bills. A reso- m
at lution, which contemplated an inves- hi
ie tigation into senatorial campaigns- in th
re Pennsylvania, Illinois and other to
e- states, which had been recommended tu
in by a Senate committee, also failed. bi
if Little general legislation was car- tu
nred in the appropriation bills. The
s, post office bill, which failed to pass, bi
.e. contained more new legislation than o'
il any other measure. ' b
Before adjournment congress pro- Tl
nt vided for several important investiga- ar
'e- tions to be carried on during recess. gi
id A committee will continue the in
ts quiry into alleged lobbying in connec- th
ld ton iththe ship purchase bill; a e'
n-mison will study raral credits be
al legislation, and Democrats of the Sea- 'E
ti- Iate appointed a special commnittee to to
recommend revision of Senate rules so
with a view to establishing cloture of tl
debate to prevent filibusters.
A mass 'of miscellaneous legisla- ~
tion hurried through in the last days 0
sg included claim bills, public buildings, s~
fish cultural stations, bridge bills and e:
minor amendments to various federal ii
at The appropriations committee be- nb
.e gan tabulating the amounts of the t
in1 various bills which t-ok money out t
>of the treasurer during the seassion. a
at It will be several days before an accu
ir- rate tabulation is made, but the total
toappropriations are estimated at about 3:
The annual appropriation bills E
st- which failed caused considerable
ed trouble. After the Indian bill had
he1 made its devious ways through the
ESenate it reached the House just ten
ire minutes before final adjournment. A t
ly Ifilibuster was Immediately instituted j
de by the Republicans, which forced the N~
hewithdrawal of the conference report d
adon the bill.
The joint resolution which contin- b
ued the current post office appropria- ~
tion bills brought forth a protestb
Ifrom Representative Moon of Tennes- f
rsee, chairman of the'post office com- d
ormittee. He declared his committee
had not been consulted regarding the a
abandonment of the bill and that the ~
ht joint resolution had been put through '
f- the House in his absence.t
he "Representatives of railroad Inter
"ests and railroad attorneys," be said,
y"have been active at both ends of the
nc capitol in their efforts to prevent the
tpassage of this bill."
ck IRepresentative Fitzgerald declared
cthe decision to abandon the measure
ed had been reached only after It be
:he came apparent that It could not pass.
Sand that Representative Moon was t
fully cognizant of the circumstances.
"May I be permitted to say," said
the vice-president In closing the sea-r
sion, "that when I came here twoe
d years ago it was the first time I ever
set my foot inside of a legislativet
hall. I know that I have made mia-t
takes. errors, sometimes of the head,t
up but, thank God. I can look you in the 1l
offace and say to you that there never
in has been an error of the heart." 1
Es- In the House Speaker Clark deliv
ers ered a formal farewell to the mem
md hers and resolutions were adopted
en- thanking the speaker, Majiority Lead
did er rnderwood and Minority Leader
Mann for. their untiring efforts
alt th~rouirhout the long session.
the In the closing hours President Wil'
ex- son signed thie seamen's bill. the neu
-trality resolution empowering him to
the prevent ships leaving American ports
awith supplies for belligerent war
he ships, promoted Col. Goethals to be:'
he maior general for his services as
LW builder of the Panama canal and gave
promotions to other officers associat
ed with the work.
In the Senate several members.
ing long prominent national figures.
is among them Senators Root and Bur
the ton, stenped back into private life as1
th curain fell. In the House Dem
cratic Leader Underwood said good
ye, to sit in the next Senate, and
bree score or more other members
At the request of Republican
,eader Mann Speaker Clark turned
be chair over to Progressive Leader
lurdock. The Republican leader
dLen eulogized the "able and loved
peaker," and the'House passed with
cheer a resolution thanking Speak
r Clark on behalf of the entire mem
ership for his services during the
The speaker then resumed his
lace and began a speech of thanks.
The multiplicity of honors and kind
esses that this House has heaped on
Le goes straight to my heart," he
tid, but got no further, for his voice
roke and his eyes filled with tears.
In the Senate some of the senators
ho are retiring from public life
Lade farewell addresses. A fare
,ell letter from Senator Thornton,
,ho has been too ill for several days
> be present in the Senate, was pre
mnted by Senator Kern.
President Wilson meantime work
I steadily in his room consulting
Lembers of his cabinet and senators
riefly about each bill and signed
Lany measures in quick succession. I
mong the most important were the
utrality resolution passed early
hursday morning, a resolution giv
tg medals to the A. B. C. mediators
>r their work at the Niagara confer
ice and the regular appropriation
After his return to the White.
ouse President Wilson dictated the
"A great congress has closed its
ssions. Its work will prove the
rpose and quality of its statesman
Lip more and more the longer it iS
"Business has now a time of calm
id thoughtful adjustment before it,
sturbed only by the European war.
le circumstances created by the war
it the nation to a special test, a test
its true character and of its self
"The constant thought of every pa
lotic man should now be for the
untry, its peace, its order, its just
Ld tempered Judgment in the face
perplexing difficulties. Its dignity
d its strength alike will appear not
Lly in the revival of its business, de
ite abnormal conditions but also in
power to think to purpose and to
t with patience, with disinterested
rness and without excitement, in a
irit of friendliness and enlighten
ents which will firmly establish its
fluence throughout the world."
For many moments before adjourn
ent there was a lull in the Senate.
mnator Simmons paid a tribute to
Lator Perkins of California, whose
rm ended at noon. Senator Fer
ns sat for a moment in contempla
yn of the tribute. Then he slowly
ilf rose from his seat, feebly waved
s hand toward the North Carolina
nator and his colleagues in a ges
re of farewell and took his seat
ain, too overcome with emotion to
Senator Gallinger offered a resolu
>n of thanks to Vice-President Mar
all fur his services as presiding of
er of the Senate.
The search of the calendars dis
osed occasional signs of life among
.e many bills and resolutions repos
g there, and from time to time
essengers burdened with those that
d passed one house tramped
rough the corridors of thg capitol
report the fact to the other. Vir
ally all of these were private claims
1s or measures of a purely local na
As the roll of the more Important
ils was called requests of "let it go
rer" from the floor sent them one
rone Into the legislative graveyard.
aey must be reintroduced if they
e to be renewed in the 64th con
Crowned galleries are the rule in
e last hours of any congress, and
rery seat among the spectators'
mnch was filled until a late hour
ednesday night. The crowds began
return early Thursday, hoping for
me unusual development to award
The House at 4:20 took a fifteen
ute recess and the members then
ganized the usual chorus and sang
ings, Including "Good-bye, My Lov
,Good-bye,'' "Way Down Yonder
the Cornfield," "Annie Laurie,"
c. Representative Heflin of Ala
ima amused the members by telling
egro stories. When the recess was
ten the House had been In con
nuous session for eighteen hours
id fifty minutes.
LN STILL SHUT UP IN MINE.
odies Recovered Show Men Met
Death by Suffocation.
Rescue parties Wednesday con
nued their efforts to penetrate the
'orkings of the Layland mine of the
'ew River and Pocahontas Consoli
ated Coal company at Hinton, W.
'a., where 182 men were entombed
y an explosion Tuesday, but Wed
esday night only four additional
odies had been brought to the sur-1
ice. This increased the total known
ead to 14.
Rescuers said that the farther they
dvanced in the mine the greater
as the destruction by the explosion.
'he work of bratticing the main en
ry is progressing rapidly, but it wa.s
id It would be several d.ys before
te mine was clear of afterdamp.
[anning Carefully Considers the Ap
After going over the appropriation
till carefully, item by item. Gov.
anning made this statement:
"I find that the interests of the va
ious departments of the State gov
rnment have been carefully scruti
.ized and guarded, and for the first
ime in years the amount carried by
he appropriation bill does not exceed
he amount that will be raised by the
evy, and that the deficit brought
iver from last year has been In part
rovided for. Besides this, the ap
ropriation for schools have been
'aised, so that I am satisfied with the
neasure and will sign it."
Killed by Automobile.
Luther Means, colored, of Green
rille, was run over and instantly kill
'd Tuesday night by an automobile
iriven by W. C. Gresham..
Steamer Royperanla Torpedoed.
The steamer Rloyperana was sunk~
ff East Boarne, England, Wednes
lay. It is believed that she was tor
edoed. The crew was savcd.
Germa~n Admiral Removed.
Admiral von Ingenohl. commander
>f the German high sea fleet, has
been removed from his post and sent
Erm Kito nerlin.
PUSH COAL INQUIRY
TILLMAN CHARGES SENT TO C031
Senate Subcommittee Turns Over In
vestigation of Railroads and Easl
em Coal Ports.
Charges that the Southern Railwa:
had discriminated against certain Ap
palachian coal fields in the interest
of a "coal trust" were referred t,
the interstate commerce commissioi
for investigation in a report publish
ed at Washington Thursday by th,
Senate subcommittee that investigat
ed them. The report held that oni;
a question of rates was involved.
The sub-committee's investigatio
resulted from a resolution by Senato
Tillman. Extended hearings wer
held, at which B. L. Dulaney, an in
dependent operator of Bristol, Tenn.
charged that the Southern had cu
off the natural outlet for coal froz
his section by maintaining prohibitivi
rates to Atlantic ports soutIr of Nor
In Its report the subcommittei
said Dulaney had produced much evi
dence against the reasonableness o
these rates, but added that the South
ern had had no opportunity to pre
sent its side of the case because ex
haustion of the funds appropriate,
for the investigation ended the hear
The subcommittee recommende
that since the entire question nov
was before the interstate commerc
commission, no appropriation bi
made for further hearings.
The report concluded as follows:
"It is unquestionably true that tho
rates in the territory covered by thi
Southern rail1(ay are higher than th4
rates on coal from the fields reache
by the Pennsylvania, Baltimore 9
Ohio, Norfolk & Western, Chesapeaki
& Ohio and all connecting lines i
West Virginia. -
"It is not surprising that com
plaints should exist of the high rate.
in the Southern territory by reasor
of the fact that coal abounds fron
Alabama to the West Virginia mine:
and the fields, generally speaking
run parallel to and about equally dis
tant from the Atlantic seaboard. Il
seems beyond dispute that the terri
tory lying between the coal fields anc
the Atlantic ocean ought to enjo3
reasonable rates upon coal and thai
it ought not to be necessary for the
ports south of Cape Hatteras to be
ompelled to pay the combined rail
and water rates now existing in orde
to receive this necessary commodity
"The Southern railway system wai
established in 1894 and extends intc
the coal fields from Alabama tc
southern Virginia. It has not de
veloped as a coal carrying road a
have other railroads- that reach the
"The reasons for Its failure to dc
so can not be determined upon a par
tial Investigatidn. Indeed the rea
sons may be so important if the pol
icy hereafter shall be, as stated b3
the general counsel of the company
to give to the movement of coal o1
the South Atlantic ports and Into the
territory served by the Southern Rail
way company every reasonable facili
ty which the resources of the com
pany will permit.
"Since this investigation began the
Southern railway has commenced the
onstruction of coal docks at Char
leston, S. C. It is claimed by Mr
Duney that the Installation of thesi
facilities has been due to this inves
tigation. The Southern. on the othe:
hand, contends that it had made ar
angements to supply this outlet fo:
oal before the resolution providini
for the investigation was c'onsidered
"Regardless of what the truth ma:
be with reference to this matter, the
fact Is that the terminals are bei
built and the rates on coal hereaftei
will In all probability be as low at
obtained at Norfolk."
HOLLAND STILL NEUTRAL.
Mir :ster' Van Dyke Sees No Change
in The Netherlands.
Reports reaching Holland from th<
United States and other countries in
dicate a belief that the Netherland:
is about to enter into the hostilities
Semi-official circles at The Hague de
care such reports are without foun
dation. It is asserted that Holland'
attitude of neutrality has not chang
ed but that she continues determin
ed to protect her national rights.
Henry Van Dyke, the America:
minister, referring to the report!
said: "Naturally the various naya
declarations have caused consider
able anxiety among the neutral a
tions. But I see no signs whateve
of any change in Holland's attitude
She is both peaceful and calm, ani
as st'ongly resolved as e ger to do al
in her power to preserve her neutral
ity and maintain her rights."
There has been a considerable it
flux of Germans into Holland recent
ly. The hotels In Hague and in othe
cities are crowded. It Is understool
that many Germans are leaving thel
country owing to the effects of th
BIG STXOW STORMf.
Fourteen Inches of Snow Falls I:
The heaviest snowstorm of th~
winter raged 'over Nebraska, Sout
Dakota Thursday night and Frida:
Fourteen inches of snow had falle
at Omaha up to early Friday. Th~
temperature has not been severe, ant
although there had been some wing
the railroads have kept their line
The storm showed few signsC
abating Friday. Reports from wes1
er Nebraska points said the snow
that section was from 6 to 18 inche
The storm extended eastward dul
ng the day and the weather burea
said it probably would reach the A
Torpedo Destroyer Launched.
Miss Helen Neel of New Yor
christened the United States torped
boat destroyer tender Melville as
was launched at Camden, N. J. Tue:
Sunk by Mines.
Washington received Friday a sul
plementary report on the sinking
the Carib and the Evelyn. The shil
were off the German official safei
Earthquake Shock in Italy.
A slight earthquake shock, lastit
four seconds was felt in Italy Frida
No+mai amage wa done.'
TEXT 01 YN OUT
GOVERNMENT PUBUSHES FULl
REPLY Of THE GLIMANS
s Conforms in Main Details to Earl,
Summary Already Published
Government Appears to be Read,
to Aid in Ameliorating Condition
Dangerous to Neutrals.
The official text of Germany's re
ply to the American note suggestin
- that Germany and Great Britaii
agree on a plan to lessen danger t<
t neutral shipping in the war zone wa
1 made publc at Washington Thurs
day. It follows:
"The Imperial German governmen
has taken note with greatest interes
of the suggestion of the Americai
government for certain principles foi
the conduct of maritime war on tho
part of Germany and England bi
agreed upon for the protection o:
neutral shipping. They see thereit
new evidence of the friendly feeling:
- of the American government towarc
the German government, which ar4
fully reciprocated by Germany.
"It is in accordance with Ger
many's wishes also to have maritime
war conducted according to rule,
which without. discriminately restrict
ing one or the other of the belliger
ent powers in the use of their mean.
of warfare are equally considerate oj
the interests of neutrals and the dic
tates of humanity. Consequently il
was intimated in the German note oJ
the 16th instant that observation oj
the declaration of London in the pari
of' Germany's adversaries would cre
ate a new situatiin from which the
German government would- gladly
draw the proper conclusions.
"Proceeding from this view the
German government has carefully ex
amined the suggestion of the Ameri
can government and believe that they
can actually see in it a suitable basi
for the practical solution of the ques
tions which have arisen.
"With regard to the various point
of the Ameriian note they beg tc
make the following remarks:
"First. With regard to the sow
ing of mines the German government
would be willing to agree as suggezt
ed not to use floating mines and tc
have anchored mines constructed a
indicated. Moreover, they agree tc
put the stamp of the government ox
all mines to be planted. On the
other hand, it does not appear t(
them to be feasible f r the belliger
ents wholly to forego the use of an
chored mines for. offensive purposes.
"Second. The German government
would undertake not to use their sub
marines to attack mercantile vessel
of any flag except when necessary tc
enforce the right of visit and search.
Should the enemy nationality of the
vessel or the presence of contraband
be ascertained submarines would pro
ceed in accordance with the general
rules of international law.
"Third. As provided in the Ameri
can note this restriction of the use of
the submarin'es is contingent on the
fact that enemy mercantile ships ab
stain from the use of the neutral flag
and other neutral distinctive marks.
It would appear to be a matter of
course that such mercantile vessel:
also abstain from arming themselve:
and from all resistance by force, since
such procedure contrary to interna
tional law would render impossible
any action of the submarines in ac
cordance with international law.
"Fourth. The regulation of legiti
mate importations of food Into Ger
many suggested by the American goy
enent appears to be in general ac
ceptable. Such regulation would, oj
course, be confined to importations
by sea, but this would, on the othei
hand, include indirect importations
by way of neutral ports.
"The German government would
therefore, be willing to make declara
tions of the nature provided in the
American note so that the use of the
.Imported food and foodstuffs solel;
by the non-combatant populatio:
would be guaranteed. The Imperia
government must, however, in addi
tion, emphasize having the importa
tion of other raw material used b3
the economic system of non-combat
ants, incl-.ding forage, permitted. T<
that end the enemy government:
would have to permit the free entrl
into Germany of the raw materia
mentioned in the free list of the dec
laration of London and to treat mate
rials included In the list of condition
al contraband according to the sami
principles as food and foodstuffs.
"The German government venture:
to hope that the agreement for whic1
the American government have pave<
the way may be reached after du,
consideration of the remarks mada
above and this way peaceable neutra
shipping and trade will not have t<
suffer any more than is absolutel:
necessary from the unavoidable ef
fects of maritime war. These effect
could be still further reduced, if, a
was pointed out in the German not
of the 16th instant, some way coul
be found to exclude the shipping c
munitions of war from neutral coun
tries to belligerents on ships of an;
-. "The German government must, o
i course, reserve a definite statemen
of their position until such time a
Sthey may receive further informatio:
+ from the American government enal
a ling them to see what obligations th
British government are on their par
I willing to assume."
s Safe Passage for Ships.
The German government Wednet
day Informed Dr. Henry Van Dykt
Amercan minister to the Netherland:
-through the German minister, F. vo
Mueller, that arrangements had bee
made to grant safe passage throug
the naval war zone to American re
lief ships bearing supplies for ti
k people of Belgium.
..Prisoner Starts Fire.
Fire in Mayesville. Sumte~r count:
Sunday night destroyed the tow~
guard house, a big frame buildin;
and spread from there to liver
stables nearby. The fire was starte
by a negro prisoner in the guar
Goethals 3Made Miajor General.
Col. George W. Goethals has bee
ig made a major general in recognitio
y of his services in building the Par
THE WORK OF CONGRESS
SUMIARY OF THE ENACTMENTS
OF PRESENT CONGRESS.
Has Been In Almost Continuous Ses
sion Since Wilson's Inaguration
Two Years Ago.
The 63rd congress, first under com
plete domination of the Democratic
party since 1895, ended at noon
- It had been In almost continuous
session since President Wilson's in
auguration two years ago. Beginning
with an extra session called by the
president April 7, 1913, the congress
has worked actually 637 days.
Much important legislation was ac
complished, but much contemplated, V
some of it hard pressed "y the presi- a
dent and party leaders, was left un
done. It is the present intention of a
a the president and his advisers to give C
- congress a rest. Rather than force
an extra session, they would leave the
t remainder of the administration's
t constructive aspirations to a new c
i congress next winter, which, although V
r under. Democratic control, will have V
: a greatly reduced majority in the t]
Foremost in the enactments of the r
63rd congress were:
The Underwood-Simmons tariff act,. E
with the income tax, which replaced b
the Payne-Aldrich tariff law. 0
The federal reserve act, reorganiz- n
ing the currency system.
Anti-trist laws to supplement the t
Sherman act, including the Clayton b
law and federal trade commission t
act, the former providing for punish
ment of individuals who violate busi- t]
ness regulations and the latter estab- a
lishing a government institution to s
aid in keeping busness within the b
Repeal of the Panama canal tolls a
exemption for American coastwise h
Act directing the building at a cost M
of $35,000,000 of a government rail- h
road to the mineral fields of Alaska.
Act to regulate cotton exchanges
and to penalize dealings in purely c
speculative cotton future sales. h
A special internal revenue tax,
commonly called the "war tax." . C
A government war risk insurance
bureau to insure American ships
against the hazards of war, and an
act providind for the transfer of for- T
eigned owned or built ships to Ameri
Of those measures which failed of
enactment or could not be considered
for lack of time, the following are
regarded by Democratic leaders as
Bill for government purchase or n
charter of trans-oceanic ships for the ti
establishment of an American mer
chant- marine which encountered the ro
-most stubborn filibuster in the. his
I tory of the Senate, created an insur- ci
gent movement in the Democratic p
ranks and held up general legislation
for weeks of the last session. 1
The immigration bill, including a N
literacy test for admission of aliens, ai
which passcd both houses, was vetoed
by President Wilson and faned by a I
narrow margin to repass the House-o:
on a motion to overturn the veto.
Conservation measures urged by w
the president to provide a new sys- d
tem for leasing of water power sites
and a leasing system to op'en the B
mineral resources of the country. a
Bill to enlarge the measure of Phil- C
ippine self-government and to extend h
promise of ultimate independence to a
Filipino people, -a measure which ~
passed the house and was approved
by a Senate committee. t
Regulation by the interstate com- r
merce commssionof the issue of d
.railroad securities, originally a part
-of the administration's anti-trust pro
-Rural credits legislation contem- c
plating the establishment of a system s,
iof farm mortgage loan banks, per- a
sistently urged throughout the con- i
In addition to the foregoing, scores
,of general legislative bills covering a n
-wide range of subjects died with the c
Send of the congress, among them a
Smeasures for federal road improve- c
Sment, general waterway development, h
reorganization of the civil service, to(
I prohibit importation of convict-made
-goods, and several measures for re
-organization of the army.t
SThe last session of the congress e
-was notable, too, for the failure of 3
two great issues, national prohibition e
a and woman suffrage. Proposed con
i stitutional amendments precipitated ~
Stwo of the most exciting legislative
- battles in the history of the House of
-Represenatives, both measures fail
ing to receive a necessary two-thirds
1WHITE MEN NOT GUILTT- r
Charged With Lynching Negro at
1 Fairplay in December. t
yThe jury charged with determin
-ing the guilt of W. T. McClure, Wil
s liam Kay, J. Woodrow Campbell,
s Colma C. Kay. S. Arrington Jones
e and John McDonald, charged with the (
1 murder of Green Gibson during the
exciting scenes at Fairplay last De
-cember, required only 28 minutes to
y find a verdict of' not guilty.t
The negro, Green Gibson, was kill
ed at Fairplay in December when a
t race riot was threatened. The de
s fense in the case of McClure and his
a co-defendants was that McClure, act
ing in his capacity as a magistrate.,
e was doing his duty as an officer in
t suppressing the disorder and had
formed a posse to assist him in re
Wilson May Abandon Trip.
President Wilson Wednesday prac
tically decided to abandon his con
templated trip to the .Panama canal
in July, because of the action of con
h gress in eliminating from the legis
lative and executive bill the appro
priation for the celebration of the
formal opening of the canal. He
still is undecided about the trip to
San Francsco this month.
Five More Bodies Recovered.
Five more bodies were taken from
the Pocahontas mine at Laylan, Va.,
where a gas explosion entombed and
dkilled 1'78 men. Forty-four bodies
have been recovered.
Acid Runs Wild.
Ten thousand gallons of sulphuric
a acid were released by a fire which de
n stroyed the sulphuric .scid house of
1 the Merrimac Chemical company's
101H FOUND DEAD
IAN AND WOMAN IN NEW TOU
SUICIDE AND MURDER
hiladelphia Hostelry Receives Tel.
phone Message From New York
Saying Two Guests Are Probably
Dead in Their Rooms-No Reason
Two persons, a m=i and a woman.
ent to their death Monday night in
bathroom of the Windsor Hotel at
hiladelphia by murder and suicide
3 the result of an evident compac.
ccupying quarters in a remots and
niet wing of the house, their death
'as only discovered several hours
ter, when the hotel authorities re
i-ved from New York a long dis
Lnce telephone message asaing if
iey were in the hotel and advising
iat an immediate search be made.
The couple were found in the bath
yom of a suite in a rear eastern
ing of the hotel, on th3 second floor.
ach, when found, exhibited a single
ullet wound. As their room was the
ly one occupied in that wing, -the
oise of the shots was not heard.
Physicians, when called in, said.
iat in their opinion the womanihad
een dead for live or six hours, and
ie man for a briefer perfod.
The woman's body was found in
le bathtub, undressed, face upward
ad the head turned away from the
figot end of the tub, as if she had
een engaged in taking a bath when
ot. The tub was partially Ailled
ith water. In this the bodf was
alf afloat. Clasped in one hand was
towel, and a round hole, ringed
ith powder marks in the center of
r forehead indicated the mannein
hich she had met her death.
The man was lying. upon the. floor
the bathroom beside her. His
ead, however, was turned in the op.
)site direction and he was parfw
.othed. Indications were that he
ad shot himself in the mouth. --
Still clasped in his hand was a long'.
wolver of a six chamber type.
liree bullets were missing from the
eapon, although the first examina
on of the bodies only revealed, the
ridences of two shots.
The woman was described by the
)lice as being of blonde type, live
et seven. inches tall, and of great
iysical beauty. She is thought to
ive been about thirty years old. The
:an appeared to be somewhere be
veen thirty-fiva and forty years ol
Little doubt of the man's identit7*2
,ained, when a note was discover
I upon a bureau of the bedroom o0
ipied by the couple. The note In
"I am Charles C. St. Clair, of'No.
56 Sixty-first street. Pease notify
rs. Charles C. St. Clair, at the same
dress. Phone, 4413 Plaza.
"P. S.-I am sorry for- the trouble
am causing you. Please take -cale- '
my cane, as it is very valuable.
The cane referred to In the- note
as a curiou. article made out of a
-ied strip of bull's hide.
The pair came to the Windsor
otel in Filbert street Saturday night.
ad registcred as "Mr. and Mrs.
larles St. Clair." They were so
ippy that ~many of the -hotel guests
ad employees,. thought that they
ere bride and bridegroom.
Authorities of the hotel described
ie couple as of quiet and somewhat
afined demeanor. They engaged
eir room arrd could 'n ne way W
istinguished, either by aparance.
e conduct, from dozens of other per
ms in the hotel. A search of their
ects revealed only a single cent In.
sh, and no jewelry was found ex
~pt the woman's wedding ring,
hich bore the date .Qctober 23,
914, and a set of scrolled Initials
iich could not be deciphered.
The clothing of the :couple was
ingled together in their, tragelling.
ses, which consisted of .a suitcase -
ad two small bags. The womanta~
tothing was of. good character and
er shoes bore the mark of a Tacoma -.
It is believed at the hotel that the -
intelligence of the couples intention
i die together, was sent to the own
r of the myserioup voice in -New.
ork by a letter mailed by them
arlier in the day.
About nine o'clock In the morning,
is said, they rangfor a bell boy and
ave him the letter to mail to a Ne11
ork address. It is thought that the
ddressee of this letter, immediately
rom New York.
Two curious circumstrances .with
egard to the writing of the letter
nd to the crime itself were observed
y the police. One of these was that
be man's body was still warm, al-.
bough the woman's gave evidence of
eing dead for some hours longer.;
ov. Manning Names Regents or the
Hospital for the Insane.
After giving the matter careful at
ention and earnest consideration,
ov. Manning has selected the re
ents of the State - Hospital for the
nsane. He announces the appoint
ents as follows: J. E. Sirrine of
reenvlt. R. B. Scarborough of Con
ray, Dr. C. Fred Williams of Colum
Pia, Dr. S. C. Baker of Sumter', and
1. W. Seegars of Lee county.
Kept Alive With Broken Neck.
With his neck broken, Frank Smith
if Bude, Miss., has been kept alive
orty-eight hours by artificial respra
ion at a hospit~al, volunteers, work
ng in shifts, raising and lowering.his
arms to induce a continuation of the
unction of the lungs. . Physicians
[eclare Smith's life may. be saved if
e can be Induced to breathe during
Killed Boy in Dirunken Rage.
Frank Shilling, while in a drunkea
~renzy, at Lepanto, Ark., it Is claimed
y officers, Saturday shot and killed.
rover Starkey, 19, when the lade
autoned him against making a dis
Prohibition in Idaho.
Gov. Alexander of Indaho has sign
d the prohibition bill, which makes
:he manufacture or sale of intoxicat
ing liquor in Idaho unlawful after
anury 1, 1916.