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TIE 111 TURNS
VMAT T RLACK3AULER ARREST
ED FOR mISUSE OF MAA.
SUED THE WRONG MAN
Beach of Promise Suit Against
. Prominent New York Attorney is
Killed by Sudden Appearance of a
Stanger Who Sayt , is the Man
the Woman Should be Sucing.
Rivaling in its dramatic climaxes
the most famous best sellers the suit
of Miss Rae Tanzer, of New York,
against former Assistant District At
torney James W. Osborne was knock
ed to pieces Friday night by her ar
rest on a federal warrant charging
the unlawful use of the United States
Miss Tanzer, who is the forewoman
in a large hat factory, began on last
Wednesday a breach of promise suit
against Attorney Osborne.
The day's developments in one of
the most remarkable siits of its kin I
ever iled in New York county began
early. Gilbert D. Lamb of Osborne,
Lamb & Garvan, had scarcely reach
ed his offices at 115 Broadway before
the door opened and a broad should
ered man standing six feet entered.
He-approached a clerk.
"I would like to see James W. Os
borne at once," he said. "My busi
ness Is pressing.
The stranger was told that Mr. Os
borne had not reached his office and
that it might be noon before he came
'Well, I've got to see some one in
authority and see him now," declared
the caler.- 'I'll tell you this much:
I'm here in connection with the wo
man case Mr. Osborne is involved in,
and rve got jome information I have
reason to feel sure he will be glad to
The clerk disappeared add soon re
turned. -He conducted the visitor in
to the private office of Mr. Lamb.
"I am the Oliver Osborne Miss .Rae
Tmnser has had for a friend and
whom she should sue if she sues any
on," said. the visitor. "I live in Bos
t ion and.came here on the sleeper be
Cause I thought ft my duty not to let
this 4ther Osborne suffer the mental
agonies he must be suffering. I have
brought proof with me and I can ex
plain this whole thing and vindicate
this man In ten minutes."
"III call Mr..Osborne on the tele
phone and make an appointment for
you," replied Mr. Lamb. "I'm sure
he'll hurry down." -
-If you had just as soon, please
make the appointment at the gentle
man's apartment," said Mr. Osborne
of Boston. "I am particularly anx
Ions to ten my story to him in the
presence of his wife. Probably she
hassuffered'more than her husband."
Mr. Lamb furnished him with the
wyer's address and as soon as the
oer closed on him he g't his part
ner o the telephone. What he said
isn't recorded, but when Mr.
7_1 :Osborne of Boston appeared at the
Sermian square Hotel twenty min
utes ater he was promptly shown
into- the Osborne apartment, where
herwas greeted by husband and wife.
Mr. Osborne of Boston said he was
- .- aatesmitte and In business at 210
Clay Street, Boston, and must return
on an early afternoon train.
"I felt Ijust had to do It," he said
In a half apologetic way, "solI hop
-ped a train and' heere I am. Now,
I'm te-man who has been mixed -up
with this woman and so far as I am
aware- you'never saw her. All. Ch~e
time she was writing those letters to
you at the New York Athletic club,
athe newspapers say, she was writ
nug love notes to me at my business
gddress in -Boston. You won't. have
to take my word for It for I've got
one . of the 1ettes right here in my
The eyes of Mrs. Osborne fairly
abon~ewrith gratitude while the "bull
Sof the bar" swallowed as though
Abehesalight bea lump in his throat.
And you came all the way here to
atell me this.'of your own accord,"
gasped the attorney, "and did It with
out suggestion from any one?"
"I ertainly did," replied* Oliver
Osborne. "I say the. stories in the
sewspapers and I just said to myself
that it wasn't fair to have you should
or -this blame and have disgrace fall
on Mrs. Osborne and your boy."
The visitor, dug into an inside
pocket and brought out' a letter writ
ten on-the letterheh of Farrington
S&Evans. -It was identical even in
' unctuation with some of those re
eived by the Nevr York lawyer at the
New York Athletic club. It was most
~k endearing in its tone.
"That's one of them," smiled the
Boston man. "Here,. take It. You'll
see that this was written while she
wafp.sending demands to you. I've
got a tot more, but this was the only
on could lay my hands on in my
Mrs. Osborne and her husband rap
tiy read the note which, "if true.
mean so much to them, and when
they we-e through their visitor went
on with his story.
"I was in 14ew York one day last
fal 'when I met this young woman
on he agreet and picked her up," he
atd "She was a pleasant acquant
ance. I might say that It was what
you might call a business acquaint
ance. I was very generous with her.
I saw her several times and I'm quite
'wifing togo onthe stand and relate
'He described a visit to New York
-about six or seven months before
when there was an accident in the
street, and in the crowd that collect
ed he noticed Miss Tanzer. She no
-.led him so plesntly that conver
sation ensued. There was a walk, a
* lunch, and an appointment for the
The appointment was' kept, and.
according to the story, Miss Tanzer
was eager for money and careless
about the means adopted for acquir
Ing it. .Oliver Osborne liked her fo
her sprightly manner and pretty face.
and they spent some hours together.
He said 'he made no attempt to
conteal from Miss Tanzer wny he~
was. but told her frankly that hIRa
name was Oliver Osborne, that he
earned his living by-a trade, and thtat
he lived in Boston. Later they ex
changed addresses in order that other
appoirntments might be made by mail.
Osborne said that he met Miss
Tanzer on other occasions when he
came to this city and that she al
'ways was willing to make appoint
ments and always kept them. He told
many details of his acquaintance
with her. -He said he saw her pic
ture In the newspapers and when he
read of her suit against J. W. Or
borne he knew It was a case of mis
--taken identity and concluded to do
the right and manly thing to the end
that the lawyer might be cleared of
suspicion and his family relieved of
the odium of the suit.
Miss Tanzer was found late in the
*day at 'the office of her attorneys, and
-taken to District Attorney Marshall's
office. 'A request was said to have
been made to permit the prisoner to
remain under the custody of her at
-torneys, but to have been refused.
Miss Tanzer wac ccmposed when
-she was arrainged before the desk.
She was dressed in a tailored blue
- suit and wore a modish hat. If she
asat all afraid she gave no sign of
L for sho -answered the auestion~s
almly and without a tremor. She
even smiled at her captors.
Efforts were made to clear up
some of the points in the story, but
nobody would talk for publication.
Mr.r Osb2orne said over the phone:
*"Under the circumstances I can
not discuss the matter or give out
the name of the man who came to me
with the information that has en
abled me to clear myself of the
charge so quickly."
Told that the man was Oliver Os
borne and the name was known to
all, Mr. Osborne replied:
"I promised not to make it -public,
and I shall keep my word. I want
to say that he is one of the whitest
men ever born. I have repeatedly
said that I would be fully vindicated,
and now it has been shown that there
was not a word of truth in that wo
Word came from Plainfield, N. J.,
that about the middle of the after
noon on October 1.8, 1914, a man
and a woman called at the Kensing
ton Hotel, near the railroad station.
The man wrote in the register "Oli
ver Osborne and Mrs. Oliver Os
borne." They were assigned to. a
room, where they remained about
three hours.' They went away and
did not return. The clerk could not
remember the appearance of either
the man or the woman beyond that
they were well dressed and 'were
quiet and reserved.
Inquiry was made to discover
whether Miss Tanzer was not really
the victim of an honest mistake. Oli
ver Osborne was positive in his state
ment that he told Miss Tanzer just
who he was and that she had not the
slightest reason to doubt his word.
She knew that letters addressed to
him at Boston reached him, because
he replied to them. Therefore, she
could not have supposed that he was
a pember of the New York Athletic
club, to which she had addressed so
many letters that J. W. Osborne got
and had begun them, "Dear Oliver."
Oliver Osborne was positive also that
Miss Tanzer could not have mistaken
another man for him.
U, S. CO3MDANDER DROWNS.
Offier and Three Sailors Perish
While Rowing to Their Ship.
Constantinople reports via Berlin
and London on Monday that Lieut.
Commander William F. Bricker of
the United States converted yacht
Scorpion and three sailors named
Ford, Dowell - and Leverings, were
drowned on the night of March 20
while attempting to reach their ves
sel with a rowboat.
The Scorpion was anchored In the
Bosphorus, off Constantinople, near
the Dolmabaghcheh palace. The row
boat was swamped in a heavy sea
thrown up by a south gale. Lieut.
Herbert S. Babbitt and one sailor,
also In the boat; were saved.
Lie-t Commander Bricker arrived
at Constantinople March 16 to suc
ceed Lieut. Commander EdWard Mc
Cauley, Jr., in command of the. Scor
The Scorpion was purchased for
the navy In 1896. It has a displace
ment of 850 tons and has been sta
tioned at Constantinople for some
Liet. Commander Bricker, who
formerT was naval attache at the
American embassy at Paris. left that
city February 28 for-Constantinople
to assume command of the Scorpion.
He was born January 18, 1879, in
Pennsylvania and appointed to the
naval academy from that State In
MODIFIES HER DEMANDS.
Japaa Gives Concessions to China in
Japad has definitely modified her
attitude toward China in connection
with- her demands presented afte.r oc
cupation by Japan of the German
~concession at Kiao. Chow.
Having already agreed to the Chi
nese counter proposals to discuss
Manchuria- and Mongolia separately,
the. Japanese representatives have
verbally informed China they will
forego completely several, of their de
mands and are prepared to modify
the clauses concerning the Hanagg.
Tayeh and Ping-Siang mining conces
sions and Japenese residents and
traders In Manchuria and Mongolia.
The demands as now presented
have been drafted in the form of a
treaty of irgreement between China
-Shortly after Japan captured Klao
Chow, the German. concession in Shan~
Tung, Japanese diplomnts began ne
gogations at Peking to "determine
the future status of Japanese rela
tions with China and to decide cer
tain questions concerning the future
development of the Chinese repub
Japan presented to China 21 de
mands which have been prescribed 'is
far reaching, both in political and
commercial'aspects. China was much
cncerned..She protested that the de
mands infringed on her sovereignt'
and conflicted with existing treaties.
The course of these negotiations is
being watched with deep Interest in
Washington, London, Berl'n and
Petrograd. Dispatches from Peking
a few days ago said Javan virtually
had threatened China with force un
less she accepted her demands. Mes
sages from Tokyo and Yakohama
said Japan was sending fresh troops
to strengthen the Manchuria garri
Wison Silent About Note to Japan
No Breach in Cabinet.
President Wilson refuses to give
any information regarding negotia
tions between the United States and
Japan over the demands made by
Japan on China. Reports of a split
in the cabinet over the policy of si
lence adopted by the administration
on the Japanese-China situation were
denied at the White House.
New Magnetic Transmission.
"One of the latest developments In
motor car equipment Is an electrical
apparatus through which the power
of the gasoline engine is transmitted
to the propeller shaft solely by mag
netic force, thus doing away with the
necessity for gear shiuts, or other me
chanical transmission." says the
March Popular Mechanics Magazine
in an illustrated article. "This appa
ratus ,differs radically from them or
dinary electrical transmission in that
only so much of the power of the en
gine as is required for transmission
purposes is converted into electrical
force. The apparatus consists of two
electrical units, in both of which the
armature is fixed to the propeller
shaft of the car. In the first, or for
ward, unit the field Is fixed to the en
gine shaft and revolves with it, while
n the second, or rear, unit the field is
stationary and is supported on the
frame of the car. In the various
stages of operation the first unit acts
s dynamo, magnetic clutch, and mo
tor, and the second unit as motor and
dynamo. The action of these units
is controlled through resistance
Jop Officers in Russia.
Twelve Japanese artillery officers
ieaded by Gen. Nakjima left Tokio
Wednesday to join the Russian
armies In the capacity of observers.
Can't Discuss Crisis.
'The Austrian censor has forbidde~a
ewspapers to comment on relations
teen Tta1y and1 Anstria.
SUNK THREE SliIP3
TURII3I TORPEDOES EXORT TOLL
ON ALLiED FLEET
TWO OTHERS AMED
Gumners of Dardanelles Defences Put
British Battle Cruiser and French
Battleship Out of Action-Light
Cruiser Hit-Three Battleships Go
Down Upon Floating Mines.
London idispatches not only con
firm the Constantinople report of the
sinking of the French battleship
Bouvet, but disclose the sinking of
the British battleships Irresistible
and Ocean and severe damage to the
British battle cruiser Inflexible and
the French battleship Gaulois.
Practically all the 630 men mak
ing up the complement of the Bouvett
went down with the vessel, which
sank within three minutes after she
fouled the mine, an internal explo
sion taking place aboard the ship.
Of the 1,500 men on board the two
British battleships that were sunk
few were lost, the crews being trans
ferred to other warships under a -hot
The Inflexible, one of Great B.rit
ain's famous battle cruisers, was put
out of action by shell fire, and drop
ped out of line with a heavy list. The
Gaulois, one of the oldest of the
French battleships, and carrying the
heaviest armor of any of the ships
engaged, also withdrew, damaged by
The Amethyst, a fast light cruiser
of the British service, was sent in to
cut the cables, and in doing so ran
the gauntlet of forts guarding the
narrows. But although she encoun
tered a hail of fire from the forts and
had 23 of her crew killed and 37
wounded, she succeeded in her peril
The admiralty asserts that t he
Turks and the Germans set floating
containers of explosives and these
were carried down by the current on
to the allied ships gathered inside the
entrance of the straits.
The British admiralty gave out the
following statement regarding opera
tions at the Dardanelles: "An ac
count of the operations at the Darda
nelles on the 18th of March:
"Mine-sweeping having *been 'In
progress during. the last ten days in
side the straits, a general attacks was
delivered by the British and French
fleets yesterday (Thursday) morning
on the fortress at the narrows. At
10:45 a. m the Queen Elizabeth, In
flexible, Agamemnon and Lord bom
barded Forts J., L., T., U. and V.,
while the Triumph and Prince George
fired at Batteries F., E. and H. A
heavy fire was opened on the ships
from howitzers and field guns.
"At 12:22 o'clock the French
squadron, consisting of the Suftren,
Gaulois, Charlemagne and Bouvet,
advanced up the Dardanelles and en
gaged the forts at closer range. Forts
J., V. F. and W. replied strongly.
fire was silenced by the ten battle
ships inside the straits, all the ships
being hit several times during this
part of the action.
"By 1:25 p. m. all the forts had
ceased firing. The Vengeance, Irre
sistible, Albion, Ocean, Cwiftsure and
Majestic then advanced to .relieve the
other battleships within the straits.
As' the French squadron, which had
engaged the forts in a most brilliant
fashion, while passing out, the Bon
vet was blown up by a drifting mine.
She sank in-thirty-six fathoms, north
of Erenkeln village, in less than
"At 2:36 p. m. the relief battle
ships renewed the attack on the forts,
which again opened fire. The attack
on the forts was maintained while
the operations of the mine-sweepers
"At 4:09 p. m. the Irresistible'quit
the line, listing heavily, and at 5:50
o'clock sank, probably having struck
a drifting mine. At 6:05 the Ocean,
also having struck a mine, sank. Both
the vessels sank in deep water, vir
tually the whole of their crews hav
ing been removed safely under a hot
"The Gaulois was damaged by gun
fire. The Inflexible had her forward
control position hit by a heavy shell
and requires repair.
"The bombardment of the forts
and the mine-sweeping operations
terminated when darkness fell. The
damage to the forts, effected by the
prolonged direct fire of the powerful
forces employed, can not be estimated
yet and a further report will follow.
The losses of the ships was caused
by mines drifting with the current,
which were encountered in areas
hitherto swept clear, and this danger
will require special treatment.
"Casualties reported on the Brit
ish cruiser Amethyst were the re
sults of a smart piece of work which
she performed In the Dardanelles,
when she was entrusted with the dif
ficult task of cutting the telegraph
cable connecting Kilid Bahr with
Chanak," says Reuter's Malta corre
The correspondent continues: "She
cut the cable undetected and had
started her return journey when she
was discovered. She then became
the target of a veritable hail of fire.
Going at full speed, although fre
qucently hit, she succeeded In reach
ing the entrance of the straits."
The Frenc~h ministry of marine
gave out the following communica
"In the course of the operations In
the Dardanelles on March 18, the
allied naval forces were subjected to
a very intense fire and warships ran
against floatingsmines In the straits.
French and English battleships, vio
lently bombarded Forts Kilid Bahr,
Chanak Kalessi and also Forts Souain
Dere, Dardanus and Kephez Point.
"The results during the course of
this hot day were acquired at the
cost of a considerable loss. The Bou
vet was sunk following the explosion
of a mine. The Gaulois was appar
ently put out of action by reason of
damage caused by the fire of the
enemy. The English fleet suffered
equally, two of Its battleships being
sunk by mines. These losses, pain
ful as they are, will not stop the
course of the operations."
Paris reports an Athens dispatch
to the Havas Agency saying "no at
tempt was made by the allied fleet to
develop to the fullest extent its first
general attack on the Dardanelles,
which was launched Thursday. A
B.riish officer is quoted as authority.
Two thousand shells were fired in a
six-hours' bombardment, designed to
force a passage to Kilid Bahr and
"Fire from the Turkish batteries
was uninterrupted and violet, the
Havas correspondent says. The prow
of the French battleship. Gaulois was
touched by a mine, but the damage
can be repaired in a few days.
"The British battle cruiser Inflex
ible, which was hit on the bow by
shells, also steamed out of the straits
convoyed by two cruisers. A shell
which exploded on her deck is re
ported to have killed 40 men and
wounded many others."'
London reports undaunted by the
loss of the battleships Bouvet,-Ocean
and Irresistible, the allies are pro
TYPHUS KILLS. MANY
BARELY ENOUGH SERBIANS LEFT
TO BURY THE DEAD.
VICTIMS LIE IN ROADS
Sir Thomas Lipton Returns From a
Trip to Servia With the Horrifying
Story of Appalling Disease-Ver
min Everywhere Carry Infection
American Nurses Win Admiration.
"Just as It took fire to stop the
great plague in London, so fires are
needed to clear Serbia of typhus. In
fected houses and the clothing of the
people must be. burned, as the disease
is carried by vermin which are omni
present," said Sir Thomas Lipton of
London in a statement in which he
recounted the appalling conditions in
Serbia, where he spent a considerable
time in personal investigations.
"I met on the country rot.ds," he
said, "many victims too weak to
crawl to a hospital. B'ullock carts
were gatherin them up. Often a wo
man and her children wer* leading
the bullocks, where in the case the
husband and father were raving with
fever. Scarcely enough people remain
unstricken to dig the graves for the
dead, whose bodies lie exposed in the
"The situation is entirely beyond
the control of the present force.
which imperatively needs all the help
it can get-tents, hospitals, doctors.
nurses, modern appliances, and cloth
ing, to replace the garmens full of
Describing the hospital at Ghevg
heil, where occurred the death of Dr.
James F. Donnelly of the American
Red Cross, whom Sir Thomas calls
one of the greatest heroes of the war,
"The place is a village in a barren.
uncultivated country, the hospital an
old tobacco factory, formerly belong
ing to Abdul Hamid. In it were
crowded 1400 persons, without blan
kets or mattresses, or even straw
men lying in the clothes in which
they had lived in the trenches for
months, clothes swarming with ver
min, victims of different diseases
typhus, typhoid, dysentery, and small
pox-were herded together. In such
a state Dr. Donnerly found the hos
pital, where he had a force of six
American doctors, twelve American
nurses, and three Serbian doctors.
When I visited the hospital three of
the American doctors, the three Ser
bian doctors, and nine of the nursps
were themselves Ill.
"The patients were waited on by
Austrian prisoners. The fumes of
illness were unbearable. The patients
objected to the windows being open
ed, and Dr. Donnelly was forced to
break the panes.
"The first thing Dr. Donnelly did
on.his arrival was to test the water.
which he found infected. He then
improvised boilers of oil drums, in
which to boil water for use. The
boilers saved 500 lives, said Dr. Don
nelly. He also built ovens in which
to bake the clothes of the patients.
but he was not provided with proper
"No braver people exist than the
Serbians. They have never a word
of complaint. In one ward I saw a
fever patient, his magnificent voice
booming songs to cheer his comrades.
Some were in a delir'ium, ealling for
"One source of infection is the
army black bread, which is the only
ration of the troops. The patients in
the hospital receive only a Ioaf- each.
which they put in their bed or under
their pillow. Later the unused loaves
are bought by peddlers and are re
sold, spreading disease among the
people, who are mediaeval insofar as
sanitation .Is concerned. A Serbian
soldier receives a rifle ( some hand
grenades, and perhaps part of a uni
form, but otherwise looks after him
self. His rations are coarse bread.
'"The street cleaning and hospital
waiting are done by Austrians, who
are rapidly thinning from typhus and
"The best hospital in the Balkans
Is at Belgrade, under Dr. Edward W.
Ryan of the American contingent.
where there are 2,000 patients. Dr.
Ryan kept the hospital neutral dur
ing the Austrian occupation, and ac
complished wonders diplomatically at
that time. He is worshipped by the
"Dr. Ryan says that the greatest
task Is to keep jhe hospital free from
vermin. The typhus affects* men the
most severely. Women come next.
and children for the most recover.
The symptoms in the present epi
demic begin like those of grip. The
disease lasts fifteen days, with fever
GREATEST ERUPTION YET.
Mt. Lassen's Outbreak Spreads Pal
In magnitude and duration Lassen
Peak's eighty-second outbreak Sat
urday exceeded all previous erup
Beginning at dawn, a great column
of dense black smoke rose from the
volcano's principal crater and spread
a pall over the countryside for miles.
At 3 p. in.. the eruption ceased, but
for an hour longer ashes continued
to fall fifteen miles away.
Whether other craters surrounding
the main vent were active could not
be ascertained owing to the black
billows from the peak, whose funnel
had an average width of 200 feet.
Friday, however, two other vents,
one in a desolate region three miles
away from the peak, and known as
Bumpas Hell, were unusually active.
Scientists who inspected Lassen
Peak last summer, it was recalled,
gave the warning: "If :Bumpas Hell
wakes up- look out."
Non-Explosive Movie Film.
What is stated to be a completely
satisfactory, non-inflammable motion
picture film has recently been pro
duced by a French comp.any, but on
account of European conditions it is
not available in sufficiently large
quantities for general use in this
country at present. Its basic com
position is acetate of cellulose, which
is not explosive, is difficult to ignite,
and burns only when held in a flame.
The principal constituent of ordinary
films is nitrate of cellulose, which is
highly explosive and readily bursts
into flame when subject to high de
grees of heat.-From the March Pop
lar Mechanics Magazirn .
Killed by an Auto.
W. T. Hardee of Conway, S. C.,
was killed by an automobile at Ports
nouth, Va., Saturday.
:he Dardanelles, confident of success.
l'he Turks, however, express confi- (
ience that the forts and the mines in 1]
:he straits will oe able to keep out I
;he allies' ships.
The French battleship Henri IV I
m.d the British battleships Queen
md Implacable are on their way to f
eplace the ships sunk by the mines,
md those shins which were damaged
ire undergoing repairs on the spot.
Ihus, ';ithin a few days at the lat
st, the fleet with be as formidablet
is ever, while the Russian Black SeaC
;quadron is believed to be ready tot
LURK VERSION OF SINKING OF
forts of French and English to
Force Dardanelles Straits Reached
Climax In Fierce Battle.
Berlin reports Monday that the
"onstantinople correspondent of the
Wolff bureau telegraphed Monday to
Berlin description of the fighting at
:he Dardanelles on Thursday, March
L8, in which the French battleship
Houvet and two British battleships
were sent to the bottom:
"The efforts of the allies to force
,he straits of tbe Dardanelles reach
:d their climax in an artillery duel
)n Thursday, March 18, which lasted
seven hours. The entire atmosphere
tround the Turkish forts were dark
aned by clouds of smoke from ex
ploding shells and quantities of earth
thrown into the air by the projectiles
Df the French and British warships
"The earth trembled for miles
round. The allies entered the straits
at half past 11 in the morning. Four
French and five British warships took
part in the beginning. This engage
ment reached its climax at half past
one, when the fire of the allies. was
concentrated upon Fort Hamidieh
and the adjacent fortified positions
"The attack of modern marine ar
tillery upon strong land forts pre
sented an interesting as well as terri
fying spectacle. At times the forte
were completely enveloped in smoke
At 2 o'clock the allies changed their
tastics and concentrated their fire up
on individual batteries, but it was
evident that they found-difficulty in
getting the range. Many of their
shells fell short, casting up pillars of
water, or went over the forts to ex
plode in the town.
"At a quarter past three when the
bombardment was at its hottest the
French battleship Bouvet was seen to
be sinking at the stern. A moment
later her bows. swung clear of tne
water and she was going down.
"Roaring cheers from- the Turkish
garrisons and forts greeted this sight.
Torpedo boats and other craft of the
allies hurried to the rescue, but they
were successful in saving only a few
men. Besides having been struek or
a mine, the Bouvet was severely dam
aged above the water line by shell
fire. A mast also was shot away and
hung overboard. It could be seen
that the Bouvet, when she sank, was
endeavoring to gain.the mouth of the
straits. This, however, was difficult.
owing apparently to the fact that her
machinery had been damaged.
"Shortly after the sinking of the
Bouvet, a British ship was struck on
the deck squarely . amidships and
compelled to withdraw from the fight
Then another British vessel was ba-I
ly damaged and at a quarter before
four was seen to retire, under a ter
rifle fire from the Turkish batteries
This vessel ran in toward the shore.
"For a full hour the allies tried tt
protect her with their guns, but It
was apparent she was destined for
destruction. Eight effective hits
showed the hopelessness of the situa
tion for hip vessel. She then with
drew towards the mouth of the Dar
danelles, which she reached in a few
minutes under a hail of shells. The
forts continued firing until the allies
were out of range.
"This was the first day when the
warships attacking the Dardaneller
kept within range of the Turkish
guns for any considerable length of
time. The result for them was ter
rible, owing to the excellent mark+s
manship from the Turkish batteries.
The allies fired on this day 2,000
shells without silencing one shore
battery. The result has inspired the
Turks with confidence and they arec
looking forward to further engage
ments with calm assurance."
POISONED PEN ACTIVE.
Seeks to Make Trouble for Wives
Passaic, N. J., has a poisoned pen
woman who is not only telling hus
bands and wives anonymously things
that are not true about their part
ners, but is telling parents that their
daughters in school are misbehaving.
The school letters were received
first. They told the parents, of five
girls, at school 11, alleged details of
things they will be sure not to ap
prove. These letters were turned
over to Herman F. Weber, the at
tendance officer, who made an inves
tigation and found there was no foun
dation for them.
A few days later three husbands
received letters telling them of the
alleged doings of their wives, and
one wife received a similar letter
about her husband. The police were
notified and the letters turned over
to Chief Detective Turner. He re
fuses to tell who received the letters
but says they are prominent people
in town. He also says that the let
ters were written evidently by a wo
man, in a disguised hand. So far
there Is no clue to the writer.
Damage in Galicia and Poland
Amount to $1,250,000,000.
According to a report reaching Ber
lin from Cracow, damages due to the
war in Poland and Galicia amount to
In Galicia a hundred cities and
arket places and six thousand vil
[ages have been more or _less damag
md while 250 villages have been de
stroyed. Horses to the number of
800.,000 and 500,000 head of.cattle
vith all grain and other provisions in
lalicia have been taken away by the
In Poland over 200 cities and 9,
3 00 villages have been destroyed or
BELGIANS SHOT AS SPIES.
eventeen Peasants Accused of Es
pionage in Favor of Allies.
Seventeen Belgians, most of wnom
;ere young peasants, were shot at
laybreak Tuesday in the Ghent bar
-aks, after having been found guilty
yy a German court martial of espion
Talking Across Continent.
On January 25, 1915, telephonic
:ommunication was held between
ew York and San Francisco. This
as the first time that the human
oice had ever been transmitted
cross the continent, or in any otner
lirection for such a great distance.
The circuit when put up extended
rom New York to Washington, D.
.Jekyll Island, Ga., and California.
rom the capital. President Wilson
poke to President Moore of the Pan
ma-Pacific Exposition, while the
resident of the American Telephone
nd Telegraph company "listened in''
rom Jekyll Island. Before this, how
ver, Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, in
ento'r of the telephone, seated at a
esk in Gotham, talked with Thomas
. Watson in San Francisco. These
wo men, the first to speak across the
ontinent, were also the first ever to
se the telephone.-From the March
'opula Mechanics Mgzine.1
FORT PUT IN ORDE
RUSSIANS ASSUM NEW DUTI]
FEED STARVING PEOPLI
Berlin on Wednesday Reports Fl4
of Russian Soldiers From E
Prussia-Petrograd Says Artifll
of Germans Has Failed Against 4
.London reports Wednesday: I
real significance of the surrender
Przemysl and speculation as to h
quickly the Russians will be able
press the resulting advantages in
advance to Hungary and Silesia ci
tinued to be the chief topics of m
tary discussion to-day.
The Russians are putting the f
tress in order. They are sending I
prisoners to the rear, feeding 1
starving populace and tending i
sick and wounded. The task is
enormous one and so it is presum
that Russia for some time will not
able to divert elsewhere her streng
which for so long has been engag
in front of this stronghold. Th
men are estimated at six army cor
Oficial reports disclose noth
new of importance in the west, 1
unofficial dispatches from Rotterd
and Amsterdam say another Germ
offensive on the western front is I
- Stubborn fighting continues in
Carpathians. In the north .the R
sians admit they have been thro
back from the East Prussian port
Memel and they characterize th
advance -to this point as merely
reconnaissance. Further south
Russians claim that the German
tempts to take Ossowetz are weak
Ing, a majority of-the big Germ
guns having been withdrawn.
The strength of the latest Turk
advance to the Suez canal is so- nel
gible, according to dispatches rea
ing London, -that British observ
find it hard to believe the- forcing
a passage over this waterway
been seriously considered.
The British theory Is that
Turks, under German officers, are
ing led on these expeditions to k
the British troops on the alert, to p
vent'withdrawal of any forces, and
harass the British contingents
much as 'possible while never rei
contemplating an Invasion of Egy
Berlin reports Wednesday: "C
man troops are pursuing the retre
ing Russians northward of Men
East Prussia. They captured n
Polangen 500 Russians and ti
three guns and three rapid fir
Quantities of cattle, horses and go
were. stolen by tbe Russians. N
Laugszargen, southwest of . Taur
gen and northeast of Mariampc
Russian attacks were repulsed v
heavy losses for the enemy. Nor
west of Ostrolenka several Russ
attacks failed. Here we captured
officers, more than 2,500 men and
machine guns. Eastward of P1
several charges of the enemy faile
London says Wednesday that
'Icial announcement has- been m
ai Petrograd, says Reuter.'s col
spondent, that the Germans s1
Sunday have removed all but foui
their heavy batteries from before
sowetz. The Russian statement ad
"A couple of 42 centimeter hol
zers were abandoned after the f
battle, one of which was damaged
our fire. Shots from the howitt
failed to crush the masonry. of
fortress. Superiority in artillery.
was distinctly on our side. Not c
was the German attack far from
dangering the Ossowetz forts, but
enemy failed to dislodge our infat
from its field works.
"In the Austrian attack on
19th on the front In the vicinity
Ropitza the enemy opened a hu
cane fire with 12-inch howitzers
der cover of which 20 enemy bat
ions, at 4 o'clock in the morning
tacked our forces which were
greatly inferior strength. Our mi
try opened fire 'with extremely care
aim at the enemy who, supported
reserves, approached to within
paces of our trenches. His reser
were exhausted at 9 o'clock and
enemy withdrew, leaving the a
covered with his killed and wou
SLIDE KITLS FIFTY.
Several Bunk Houses Swept Away
Fifty miners were killed and
many more injured Monday b3
snow slide which swept away seve
bunk houses at the Britannia minE
Howe Sound' B. C. Besides the bi
houses, part of the aerial trams
of the mine was carried away.
mine level is on the mountain si
nearly 5,000.feet above the shore
the sound. The tramway destro:
extended from the mine to the bea
Soon after reports of the avalant
were received a steamer 'with ph:
clans and nurses left Vancouver,
C., for Howe- Sound. Detala
The Britannia is a coal mine e
ploying more than 1,000 men. 'I
slide swept away a bunk house c
taning ten men and several ~.riv
houses in which were a nu ber
women and children. Several ui
who were going off the night shift
midnight were killed also.
At last reports rescuers were wo
ing on the pile of debris, but f
bodies had been found. Fifteen
the injured were being brought
Vancouver by steamer. Owing to 1h
of communication with Howe Soul
except by steamer, details are
Naval Destroyer Goes to Prese,
Neutrality at San Juan.
Admiral Fletcher, commander
chief of the Atlantic fleet, notifiedt
navy department Wednesday thatt
destoyer Warrington has left Guw
tanamo, Cuba, for San Juan. Poi
Rico. Secretary Daniels said it a
not planned to send another na'
craft to San Juan at present, as
was thought the Warrington and t
coast guard ship Algonquin would
sufficient- to maintain the neutral:
of the port.
American Guns for Russia.
Eighteen long-range guns of Ami
ican make are at Vancouver, B.
awaiting shipment to Russia.
Seattle, Tacoma and Vancouver 3
traction automobiles also for the Ri
sian army are am aiting ships.
Reparation for the Frye.
American officials are preparing
demand from Germany reparation if
the loss of the United States sh
Frye. which was destroyed by t
Riot in Streets of Tacoma.
Three hundred striking longshot
men, of the strikehreakers and syi
pathibzers engaged In a riot on tl
principal bu'siness street of Tacomn
Wahington. Thnuray nicrht.
ZEPPELJNS DROP BOMBS,
AIR RAIDERS ATTACK PARIS IN
PS DEAD OF NIGHT.
French Capital In Darkness While In
habitants Shrink From Falling
Bombs and Fiery Explosives.
A Zeppelin air raid on Paris, which
ht brought Parisians to their windows
and balconies and inlo the boulevards
st and squares at an early hour in the
morning-Sunday takes precedence in
Ty the war news. Two dirigibles reach
ed Paris, although four started, and
it is believed all returned safely to
They dropped bombs on the city of
he Paris and outlying towns and vil
of lages, Injuring, so far as known,
)w seven or eight persons, but doing no
to material damage. Guns were turned
an on the Zeppelins from house tops
n- and forts and a flock of French aero
A- planes started in pursuit. iBut the
Zeppelins flew high and escaped in
)r- the haze of the upper air.
he The German war office, referring
he to the raid in its official statement,
he says: "To render more impressive
an our reply to the .misdeeds of the
ed French aviators in the open Alsace
be town of Schlettstadt heavy bombs
th were dropped by German airships on
ed the fortress of Paris and the railroad
se junction at Compeigne."
The Zeppelins traveled at a great
ps height, estimated at considerably
ng more than a mile. This and a haze in
ut the upper air enabled the raiders to
'an -A bomb that fell at Neuilly set fire
m- to an unoccupied house near the
American hospital. Dr. Hunter Car
:he ter of Erie, Pa., on duty at the time,
s- says the hospital was shaken.
Wn A bomb which fell in a garden at
of Colombes, six miles . from Paris,
eir made a hole ten feet wide by five
a feet deep and the garden wall was
he overthrown for a distance of 18 feet.
at- Another bomb which fell on a house
Dn- in the Rue de Dames in Paris. merely
an dented the roof.
Parisians .during the attack were
[sb unable to distinguish between the de
gli- tonations of the falling bombs and
ah- the almost. continuous gun fire from
ers the defense. The boulevards and
of open places were crowded with spec
ias tators, who watched the manoeuvreE
of the French aeroplanes but were
the not able to see much of -the Zeppe
ep In all half a hundred bombs, it Is
re-- estimated, were dropped on Paris and
to surrounding villages and towns.
as Some were highly explosive and
ily others are said to have been filled
pt. with inflammable liquids. Three fires
er- that blazed up in the wake or-the air
at- craft were extinguished.
el, A sentinel at Compeigne, 60 miles
ear north of Paris, caught the first
>ok glimpse of the Zeppelins. They were
irs. moving swiftly towards Paris. This
ads was at 12:43 in the morning. With
ear in five minutes every post In en
og- trenched Paris had been notified by
>ol, telephon of the coming attack. The
th Paris firemen, according to a prear
th- ranged plan, were in the streets a
an few momeints later, the department
20 motors driving headlong through the
le streets, with horna giving forth loud
d.' The police notified the electric
of- power stations and gas reservoirs to
de turn off the lights. Soon the whole
re- city was in. darkness and gunnerm
ace were at their posts in the forts and
of on the high buildings throughout the
ds: The. distant sound *of ' exploding
it- bombs came nearer. "All Paris -was
rst awake and on every balcony and
by leaning from almost every window
ers were people waiting tensely.
the The electric projectors, searching
fire the sky, brought faitly into view the
nly dirigibles. They were in the Etold~
en'- quarter and occasionally flashed their
the searchlights. Theye were greeted
try with the rattle of machine guns and
the bombing of mortars designed for
the use against attacks of this nature.
of Bombs fell in both Courbevole and
rr Neuily and houses were set on fire.
- For an hour after the Zeppelins
l-were -clear of Paris the gun fire 01
at- the* fortifications 'and the defense
In works far outside the city could be
an heard. French aeroplanes, carrying
ful their distinctive lights, passed swift
by ly overhead In the direction of the
20 fleeing raiders.
the STOPPED BY SHOT.
ad- German Steam'se Tries to Slip Out of
The German merchant steamer
Odenwalk, which attempted to leave
by the port of San Juan, Porto. tico,
late Sunday without obtaining clear
ance papers, was stopped as she was.
as passing out the entrance to the har
a bor by two shots fired- across her
rbow from a 5-inch gun, and direct
a shots from a Maxim. She then re
turned and was taken in charge by.
.the collector of customs.
hePermission to sail was refused-the
de Odenwald by the collector pending
Sinstructions from Washington. The
red steamer has been at San Juan since
ch August 6. Three days ago she began
c oaling and taking on provisions.
:hFanilng to obtain clearance paperb.
e-her commander appareatly decided
B. to risk the attempt to put to sea. A
ire eir-gun on Morro Ca-adIa sent-uo
shore~ across hez bows, but It wasn'ot
m- u'.tl the mac~hine gun c'psied a c'i
'he reet fire that the steamr: headed
mn- "ack to port.
ite _ _ _ _ _ _ _
of MRS. JACKSON DIES.'
Wife of Famous Confederate Leader
ew Passed Away Wednesday.
of Mrs. Mary Anna Jackson, widow of
to Thomas Jonathan ("Stonewall")
ck Jackson, the famous Confederate gen
id, eral, died at her home at Charlotte,
Lot . C., early Wednesday. She had
been ill for many months. An attack
of pneumonia three days ago hasten
ed her death. Her granddaughter,
Mrs. Randolph Preston and' other rel
atives were at Mrs. Jackson's bedside
we when she died. Public buildings,
schools and business houses will be
closed on the day of the funeral. The
n- body will be buried at Lexington, Va.,
he beside that of "Stonewall" Jackson.
n~ LIVED AS A MA~N.
a Girl Worked as Male in Order to Get
heMore Pay for Her Labor.
be The death of Miss Florestine Al
ty bertine Beaudoin, whose body was,
found in Willimansett, Mass., Satur
day night, revealed that she had lived
disguised as a man for four years.
r- She resided with her sister, Mrs.
3., Mary TLa Chappelle, and, as "Albert
At Beaudoin," worked in the Holyoke
34 Paper mills. The only motive sug
5- gested for her long masquerade Is
that she could earn more. Her death
was due to heart trouble.
to Over Five Thousand Lost.
or Since the beginning of the war the
Ip British army on the continent has lost
ie 1,503 officzers killed and 2,833 wound
ed, while 705 have beer. reported
e. Villa Buys Three Aeroplanes..
a- Three aeroplanes of American
ue manufacture have been purchased
a, for delivery to the Villa forces at the.
LONG DEFENSE ENDS
RUSSIANS GIVE PARTICULARS OF
FOOD HA liOYN DUT
Besides Deaths From Starvation a
Quarter of Garrison Suffered With
Scurvy aid Typhoid-London Says
Garrison Which Surrendered Num
bered Nearly 120,000 Soldiers.
London reports:. "The size of the
garrison at Przemysl and- the number
of men who surrendered to the Rus
sians greatly exceed all estixmates.
Accordingto Petrograd dispatches the
garrison originally consisted of 170,
000 men, of whom 40,000 were kill
ed. Nearly 120,000 surrendered when
the fortress capitulated."
Petrograd r'eports: "The, coin
mandant at Przemysl, Gen. von Kus
manck, accepted our demands for an
unconditional surrender of the garri
son. Our troops who .entered the.
fortress have taken possession of the
fortifications and begun to prepare
lists of the prisoners and to ascertain
the amount of artillery and war ma
The lack of official details from
Przemysi is said to be due to a heavy
snow storm, which broke down tele
graph lines. ,It is reported, howeve-,
that nearly a quarter of the garrison
had suffered with' typhoid and suimry.
Although the rations were growing
limited, none but a few higher ofi
cers, up to the end of January,-knew
that actual starvation was near..
The real condition of affairs- was
learned by the troops when an avia
tor, who was starting with messages.
for Vienna was shot - down. by, the
Russians and fell within the defend
ends' line. After that there -was.much
grumbling in the garrison and almost
a mutiny. Some....of .the. Austrian
slipped through the lines- at night -
and surrendered to the Russians.
The investing Russian force In
creased the intensity of their bom
bardment and the strain on the de
fenders began to .tell- more rapidly
during February..' Many were ren
dered-Insane by pri- tions' and dis
ease.~ The death list was high.
Civilian 'inhabitants, who had been
unable to escape *hen the seige.-Se
gan, swarmed' about the forts beg
ging for food and refugew.but -the
commandant could n( t care for
The death of -two prominent generals
In. February from typhoid weaikeie
the determination of Gen. Von Kni
manck, commander of the for
By- the.: end of FtbrUary.-atual
famine prevailed; scarcely a living
animal .was left. For weeks virtbiab'
the only "4tenance was obtained
from. sman supplies. of concentrated
foodstuffs brought by aeroplanes. -
'A council of officers daily consider'
ed the situatlo4, but not.until they
were convinced that there was no
hope of help from an Austrian relief.
column did they decide to surrender.
"During the last days befor'the
nal sorties the garrison. received in
creased rations. Each soldier was
given biscuits to last five days,- warm
clothing and .new boots. Officers
were - Instructed to explain ~ to the
troops that if they- retur'ned to 'the
fortress an Inglorious fate- awaitie d
them and consequently they muist
pierce the Russian front at any cost
"An easterly direction was chosen
for the sortie as the line of -least
resistance as well as. because it led
to the district where the Russians
had large stores of arms .and amin
nition. More than 20,000 m'en, were
ordered to participate in the isortie.
but several unts refused to move.
Only the 23rd Honved division .and
some parts of the 85th Landwehir and
4th Hussars took an active iiarti Ther
were promptly and decisively defeat
- "An official Austrian communica
tion st'ates that the gaxrioz returned -
to -Przemys1 because :It encountered
overwhelming Russian forces. . In
this connection it should be .noted
that the Russian forces near Przem
ysl never -were large and- ~the great
sortie wtas repulsed principalI -by
territorial troops anca reserves. -Tb..e
total number of the captured garri
on exceeded Russian expectations...
"Following is the text of an order
issued by Gen. Kusmanek to the gar
rison of -the fortress- on March 18,
the day before the sortie: -
"'Soldiers: Fqr half a- year we
children -of almost all .nationalities
of the beloved fatherland have been
ncessantly- opposing the enemy. With
he help of God and your bravery, we
have successfully deferded the- fort
ress against the- enemy despite st
tacks, privations-and-cold. -
" 'You already merit -the gra-titude
of your commander in chief 'and
country and have won the admiration
even of the- enemy.. In the. beloved
fatherland thousands of hearts beat
for you and ~mnilons wait with bated
breathi for news from you. Heroes, I
announce to you my .last summons.
The honor of your country demands
it. I shall lead you to pierce .with
our points of steel the iron circle of
the enemy. -
"'On then. March on. -Even fur
ther, unsparing In your efforts until
we rejoin the main army, which af
ter a hard fight row nears us. -We
re on the eve of a great battle, .for
the enemy will be reluctant to- aban
don a nrlze he has coveted so long.
Know then, true defenders of Przem
v, each must havo~ but one thought.
That Is forward, ever forward.-mash
everything that bars your oath.
"'Soldiers, we have shared our
last provisions.- The -honor of -our
country and ourselves forbids that
after our glorious struggle we should
fall an easy prey to the enemy. Be
he'olc, warriors, and we shall- open
the way.' "
Niotes t'o be Sent to IEngland and to
It was stated definitely at . the.
White House Monday that a note, to
Great Britain making representations.
on some features of the Order -in
Council, Is being framed and willfbe
dispatched to London. in a few-days.
The basis of the representations was
not disclosed. -
Representations to Germany for re
paration for the loss of the American
sailing ship William P. Frye and her.
cargo, sunk In the South Atlantic by
the German auxiliary cruiser.- Prinz
Eitel Friedrich, also are .beIng pre
pared and will be disnatched to Ber
lin In two or three days.
The presentations to Great Britain
are expected to dwell chiefly on Great
Britain's notice that she reserves the
lght to hold 'up'-all goods suspected
f having an enemy-origin or destina
tion, even though consigned to non
-Man Meets Stran-:e Death.
Richard Randolph of St. Lohis was
fourid dead in his office Tuesday. He
recently sued his wife for divorce.
Se and a male friend have been ar
Aeroplane Attacks Ship.
The British steamer Pandlon re
ports that an aviator made several
Llnsuccessful attempts to drop bombs
,..on he deckM~ while in the North Sea.