VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 7, 1915.
To 61EINTS COMPOSE OUR
MINNINf ISSUES ORDERS
nemmander-In-Chief of State Militia
Jmues All Orders Necessary to
Place Soldier Boys on Required
Footng.-Elections for Ofcers to
be Held Soon.
General orders for a reorganization
ot tlie National Guard of South Caro
ha were-issued Wednesday by W. W.
Moore, adjutant general, after seven
pempanies - and one band had been
mastered out of service on account of
general inefflciency. There are two
regiments left, comprising 24 com
The following general order was
1ued, by GOV. Manning, commander
"Under the provisions of section
29, military code of South Carolina.
the following organizations of the Na
tional Guard of .South Carolina are
hereby ordered to be disbanded:
"Company F, First infantry, Wood
"Company L, First infantry. York
"Company E, Second infantry, Ben
"Comuany F, Second infantry,
Company H. Second Infantry,
"Company K, Second Infantry, Dar
"Band, Seeond Infantry, Anderson.
-"Company F, Third infantry,
"The sidjutant general is directed
to Issue the necessary orders to mus
ter out the above organizations."
The following'order was issued by
the adjutant general:
"The First, Seeond and Third regi
ments of Infantry, having been re
duced to eight companies each, the
gompanies of the battalions compos
Ing these regiments will exist until
further orders as separate comuanies
and 'the regimental organization is
"In order to conform the National
Guard of South Carolina to the re
quirements of the war department
the ~eld staff and non-o6mmissioned
staff offiers of these regiments are
hereby placed on the unassigned. list
pending the settlement of thejr prop
erty and financial accounts.
"The National- Guard baving been
.aduced to less than three fIments
reenired to constitute a brigade, the
brigade organization is hereby dis
"Brig. Gen. Wille Jones. N. G. S.
C.. having passed the statutory age
for retirement. is hereby placed on.
Se retired list, with the rank of
General reorganization orders were
hssed wednesday- from the office of
Adit. Gen. Moore. Under the new
order there are two regiments in the
The First-infantry will be made up
First battalion---ConnlanlY A of
Greenville. Coinnany B of Andereonl.
Comnany C of Pelzer, Company D of
saond Pattlon---nomnanTfl f'
Union Coiinonv F of Rartanbure
Co.anne u of Rock Hill, Company G
of Fort Mill.
T..-1hird ltta1Mn-lCOmnantl T of
Camden. (Commanv K of Winqsho'n
Comnanv T. of Thartsville and Comn
panv MI of Cheraw.
The Monond Infantry will be made
up as follows:
First Battqlon-.Coyvnant A of
Chrleston. Com"nv R of Charloston.
Comnanv 0 of Charleston, Company
D of Charleston.
-econd Betalon-G0onuan F'
Canmbina. ('ownanv F' of Co1nnbin
Con.%,, (G of Columbia, Company N!
Orenbure. (on'anv K of lo'ee
comin.ny L of "nater and Company
1 of Ti'nwonsville.
An eleet'on foi a. colonel and lion-~
tonant colonel of' each veotment and~
ga a waar~ of each battalion will be
betA An~rIl 17.
"Rav4ne comniated the Inl'e4'tions
of the National (anird of this St'ate
mania by tha adintant r.eynoral an the
anstetan't sdjntant reneral on behalf
et theA ate. T ha*ve be.en ver~v much
* gratified." istid Gen. Moore Wodnios
day. "to find a renoaral imnwovemnt
amnet the ."reater nortion of theI
orvanived militia ae to care of n-ron
*rtv anid a reneral urenarateon of
pronertv for inpnentin. as wa11 sq a
wsarked innovemrent in the conditten
of the s.nua11 arms. There was ae
motieasble a considerable iwnrove
uient in the eflietenev as to daeil1e of
the creat"' numbher of the oranen
tions in the g~t. Thpen has ale
beeni a coe'nhMe inieae"* N h
peirsannel of enlisted strenrth of 'i""
or.anFisa'on as a whole. iero'91 n
the neranientenes have the minimnum
nnmhyr ?AnnTiIId at neQeOnt hy the
war denartment. that Is. E men.
"The plan of reorganization hae
been recommended by me for the past
two years. From my nersonal obser
vation. I have been thoroughly con
inced thtit wasth onypa
sired by the war department and the
State authorities could be reached
Ezuerience has taught me that those
organizations which were really keen
ing up with the standard of efficiency
were very much handicanrned by or
ganizations that were lukewarm in
"Under the present Dlan of a two
regiment formation, there will be a
still greater incentive to the com
panies remaining to keep up their ef
.flelency to the standard required. be
-cause with the laree number of appli
cations on file in this office from vari
ous parts of the State for permissi
to organize military comnanies, they
will feel the necessity of keening u'
the work reciuired of them. as it wsil
be my Intention to see that the high
est state of efciency is reached b:
all of the comnanies remaining in thi
organized militia. Falling to do so
I shall recommend that they be mus
Escape Down Ladders.
An'~ exploslon in the sawdust blowe
of a big clear factory at Avenue 4
and east Seventeenth street. Neu
York. set the building afire and sen
nearly 200 men and women emuoloye
of the place down the fire escapes t
safety. Nicholas Althuus, owner c
the factory, said all his employee
STOPS SHIPS ON COAST
BRITISH WARSHIPS ACTIVE OFF
Captain Thierichens Makes Request
for Food-British Vessels Stand
The Baltimore tug Defiance was
topped by a warship believed to have
been the British cruiser Suffolk, off
the Virginia Capes early Thursday
and asked for newspapers and what
ever information the tug's captain
could give concerning the German
uxiliary cvruiser Prinz Eitel Fried
Captain Scott told the officers in
harge of the small boat which ap
Droached his craft that so far as he
knew the Prinz Eitel was at Newport
News. The officers, according to
cott, said they got word of the Ger
man ship every day but thoug ..t she
may have changed her position.
Captain Scott added that several
big columns of smoke were visibie at
widely separated points on the hor
ron apparently indicating the posi
tions of other warships. I
Cantain Frank Taylor, a Washing
ton shipping man who returned Fri
lay from a trip along the Virginia
%faryland coast, reported that British
ruisers off the Virginia canes in wait
ror the German raider Prinz Eitel
Priedrich, are overhauling all ships
In that vicinity and looking them
wver. He says his tug Advance on
her last trip was overhauled by the
British cruiser Essex and closely In
;pected under searchlights but was
'The two British cruisers which
ave watched the entrance to New
ork harbor for more than a month
steamed away to the south during
Wednesday night. according to in
!oming pilots Friday. The pilots
:hought the warships were going to
;trengthen the souadron lying in wait
,or the Prinz Eitel off the 7irginia
The German converted cruiser.
Prinz Eitel Friedrich began taking on
3rovisions Friday under supervision
f the United States government.
ommander T-Merichens, cantain of
the merchant raider, it is understood.
asked permission under -neutrality
regulations for supplies sufficient for
15-days' voyage. Only a small por
ion of the ship's stores, it is said.
would be taken on Friday. The bulk
)f the provisions is to be loaded Sat
arday and Sunday.
That the time limit granted the
Bitel to remain in Newport News does
aot expire for some days is a report
Zenerally credited. but the port still
Is filled with British merchant ships
which leave daily. If this renort as
to time limit is correct, after the date
Df exoiration the German commander
would have 24 hours to leave waters
Df American jurisdiction. If in that
nterim the merchant ship of an ene
my should leave the Eitel would be
held 24 hours more, but after that
rhe must be given an opportunity to
lepart or be interned.
Close scrutiny still is being kept on
the German ship by American mili
tary forces and the battleship Ala
bama stands guard in Hampton
Roads. Reports current some time
ago that German warships may have
scaped from Furonean waters to
come to the relief of the Eitel seem
to have no definite basis, but were re
vived Friday by the renort from Mad
rid that the Hamburg-American
steamer Macedonia had evaded Brit
lh cruisers and was makipg for
South American waters with supulies
said to be intended for German war
Dispatch From Todio Tells of U. S.
Note to Japan.
A Tokio dispatch says the Ameri
can government's recent note to
Toklo concerning negotiations now in
nrogress between Japan and China
three po'nts the first e'O . -
dwelt particularly, according to reli
able Information, on three points in
aan's demand on China. Of these
three noints the first concerned selec
tion of foreign advisers by China, the
secod was in regard to purchase of
munitions of war by China and the
third dealt with the question of loans.
The Washington government is un
derstood to have suggested that if
Taan insisted on the right to be con
suted by China in the selection of
foreign advisers it migth oe a viola
tion of the sovereignty of China: and
that if Japan insisted on the purchase
by China of munitions of war in
Jaan and insisted that she be con
suted with regard to certain foreign
loans in the province in south Man
churia and in eastern ongolia, this
course might be a violation of the
nrinciple of equal onportunity stipu*
lated in the agrreeemnt reached be.
tween Baron Takira. when he was
minister to the United States and
Elihu Root, then secretary of state.
POISONED PEN ACTIVE.
Seeks to Make Trouble for Wives
Passaic. N. 3.. has a poisoned pet
woman who is not only telling bus
bands and wives anonymously things
that are not true about their part
ners, but is telling parents that thei'
daughters In school are misbehaving
The school letters were receive<
first. They told the narents of flyv
airls, at school 11. alleged details o
things they will be sure not to ap
prove. These letters were turne'
over to Herman F. Weber, the at
tendance officer. who made an inves
tigation and found there was no foun
dation for them.
A few days later three husband
received letters telling them of th
alleged doings of their wives, an
one wife received a similar lette
about her husband. The police wer
notified and the letters turned OVE
to Chief Detective Turner. He rt
fuses to tell who received the lettet
but says they are prominent peonl
in town. He also says that the le
ters were written evidently by a w<
man, In a disguised hand. So fe
there is no clue to the writer.
Woman Shot at Spy.
.Margaret Schmitt. a French woma
-sentenced to death as a soy by
court martial. was shot Thursday
Luneville. France. after the troons<
e the garrison had been drawn up 1
witness the execution.
R e 2.500,O00 in Bread Line.
s Before the next harvest 2,500,0(
Belgians probably will be in ti
f bread line. in the opinion of Emi
s Franqui, president of the national r
ule committee of Brussels.
TIIIRS ON THE RUN
CHARLISTON RAII !QUAD 00
RAIDS WITHOUT WARNINGi
Mayor Grace Orders Charleston Po
lice to Enforce the Law-City Be
lug Cleaned-Hotel Bars Closed
Whiskey Saloons and Gambling
With two raiding squads, aided by
the detective force, operating, and
slot machines values at $7,600 re
duced to junk in the stable yard of
the police station, besides many gal
lons of booze stored in the station
house ready to be turned over to the
county dispensary, the opinion is gen
erally prevalent that Charleston will
be "dry as a bone" before the week
While a crowd which had rapidly
gathered looked on with awe, a
strong arm squad of "blue coats"
swung axes right and left in the
stable yard of the police station
Thursday morning, reducing 38 slot
machines to splinters. Bushels of
trade checks, nickels and quarters
rattled on the concrete pavement as
the machines fell apart under the
well directed blows of the axes, and
were gathered up by the handful;
the money to be counted in the office
of the chief of police and turned
over to the county treasurer.
In the lobby of the station bottles,
kegs, barrels and cases of liquor and
beer were neatly stacked, giving the
place the appearance of dispensary
headquarters or a distiller's store
room. The booze will be receipted
for by the county dispenser. The re
sults of the wholesale raiding includ
ed almost every class of strong drink
from the finest wines down to the
cheapest beer and rum.
Not only are the tigers demoraliz
ed, but it is stated on authority that
the "crap joints" and rouilette tables,
as well as poker games and other
gambling, have been closed down
since the report spread that the po
lice were out for the strictest en
forcement of the law that many in
Charleston have ever known. The
raiding squads found many doors
padlocked in their rounds, for the
news of their coming had spread like
wild fire. There were many, however,
taken by surprise.
The squads are operating In two
patrol wagons, and their movements
have been kept as qtiet as possible.
All hotel bars are known to be
closed, and complaints from the trav
eling public are already heard of.
Chief of Police Cantwell was reticent
in speaking of the wholesale raiding;
andsaid that he did not care to state
specifically what his orders from the
mayor were. But, evidently. the or
ders call for a strict enforcement of
the liquor and gambling laws.
The $7,600 worth of slot machines
which were destroyed at the station
house were sold to &junk dealer,
after the axe treatment, for $1, and
it wasn't much of a bargain, either.
"Do you expect the haul to-day to
be as large as it was yesterday?"
Chief Cantwell was asked. He re
plied that he could not say: that it
might be larger, and that there was
to be no "let up" in the enforcement
of the law.
It is stated that about a score of
tigers were raided. The raiding
squads are not takinge them as they
come, but are jumping from one part
of the city to another, the idea being
to prevent warning being sent ahead
of them. There has been no resist
ance offered, and the coming of the
squad was said to have been unex
Raids Start Wednesday.
Acting on Orders received frog
Mayor Grace to enforce the law, Chiel
of Police Cantwell Wednesday morn
ing sent out two squads of plaiz
clothes men and members of the de
tecti' , department to carry out the
instructions of the mayor. As a re
sut manl aind tigers were raidec
and all (r .ig the day the patro,
wagons at thle police station were
kept busy hauling contraband good!
and slot machines to the statior
Wc inesday morning Chief Cant
well, having received orders fron
Mayor Grrace. instructed the membern
of the regular raiding squads and an
other organized squad along with thi
detectives that the law must be en
forced. The men loft the statiol
house and, working in different sec
tions of the city, came down on blin<
tigers like a bolt of lightning from
Call after call was received fron
members of the squads to send th'
patrol wagons to haul in the good
seized. The police, however, ha'
hardly gotten to work before news o
their activity spread like wildfire
While in some places the fixtures o
the blind tigers had been removed bE
fore the arrival of the policeme:
some were caught in full swing an
their fixtures were smashed.
One man, who was making a spe
cialty of taking down fixtures, state
Wednesday afternoon that he had a,
ready "disrobed" twenty-seven tiger
and had orders from others.
When asked for a statement Wec
nesday night Chief Cantwell said
"I have received orders from th
mayor to enforce the law and I at
now enforcing it. I have out tw
Iraiding snuads and my detectives
work." This was all he would sn
about the raids, exccpt to give out
statement on the goods seized in t!'
Iraids, which is as follows: 663 bo
ties of beer: 28 gallons of wine; 3
quarts of whiskey: 146 half-pints<
whiskey and 33 slot machines.
The liquor w'll be delivered to ti
sdispensary headquarters and the s!<
rachines will be smashed in the yai
i of the police station.
- A nur2'ber of blind tigers were r
eported to ha.ve closed their doors ar
rit is said that the b?.rs in two hote
have also put locks oa their e
The wholesale raids will continu
-but it is not believed that the poli
-will make as great h-:.uls as they di
rr when their work attracted so mra
attention from the public. No di
order marred the work of the polic
it is reported.
nLosses at Libau.
tReuter's correspondent says th
fas a result of two bombardments
.0 Libeau by the German fleet. thr
persons have been killed and sev
wounded and three houses damagE
~British Sieze Dutch Boat.
e A Dutch steamer laden with oil l
eelbeen captured by the British w
e-jclaim she was furnishing fule to t
PRIN7 EITEL COALED
CRUISER WILL BE STOCKED F
No One is Permitted to Approach- C
Preparations Indicate She Will Try
to Run Blockade.
The German merchant-raider Prinz
Eitel Friedrich, after remaining three R
weeks at Newport News, Va., by per- g
mission of the United States govern- si
ment, Thursday .had loaded enough le
coal to carry her to the nearest Ger- b
man port, and is preparing to take on fi
stores Sunday. Commander Thier- M
ichens, of the German ship, has told
friends that he was much relieved be- p
cause his ship had been coaled. What w
he intended to do the commander did f<
not say, and the future course of the h
Eitel still is declared to be proble- b
Throughout the day government
officials at Newport News were In b
constant communication with the ii
treasury and navy departments at fi
Washington and Collector of Customs tl
Hamilton had a long conference with Ii
Commander Thierichens on board the s<
German ship. Following this confer
ence the collector went aboard the a
battleship Alabama, where he dis- t1
I cussed developments of the neutral- 13
ty situation with Rear Admiral Helm, o:
commander of the reserve Atlantic i
The Eitel finished coaling just at w
dark. Throughout the day the waters se
of the James River were patrolled by
American sailors In a launch, while a
coast artillerymen guarded the Ger- t4
man cruiser. No one without authori- a1
ty was permitted to approach the in
ship. The guard will be maintained w
until the Eitel's disposition is settled. ti
either through internment or a break zc
for liberty through the lane of enemy h
warships waiting off the Virginia ti
Guarding the Eitel by military
forces of the United States was deter- st
mined upon because of repeated zc
threats that have come to the com- cc
mander and also to shipyard officials. a
The blowing up of the Maine In Hav
ana harbor was recalled, according to a
infbrmation, in representations which e'
were made to Washington.
The Eitel's pier Thursday night re- e,
sembled a miniature military camp. w
Army tents are pitched on the pier "
and a machine-gun is mounted at the A
pier's approach. ci
Secretary Daniels announced that
the naval board appointed to deter- tl
mine the amount of coal, food and o
other supplies- allowed to the Prinz n
Eitel Friedrich had completed Its fi
task. No information was vouchsaf- n
ed as to the extent to which the Eitel p
will be permitted to provision, or as p
to how much longer she will be per- .si
mitted to stay at Newport News. P
Secretary Daniels admitted, how- e
ever, that the naval board limited the bi
amount of every commodity to be o
taken aboard with one exception, P
TO SAVE FOREIGNERS. ci
Washington Makes a Neutrality Plan ti
for City of Mexico. b
With the hope of securing perma- t
nent protection for the 25.000 for
eigners in the City of Mexico the r
United States government has pro
posed to the Villa-Zapata forces and
Ito Gen. Carranza taas the Mexican
capital be declared neut-al and out-t
Iside the field of operations hereafterr
Iin Mexico's civil war.
The Villa-Zapata forces have
agreed to the proposal, and are will
ing to evacuate the city as soon as a
similar agreement is obtained with
the Carranza authorities.
On Gen. Carranza depends. also
whether or not the effort of the Unit
ed States to neutralize the railway
between the City of Mexico and Vera
Cruz shall succeed, as the Villa Zap
ata officials have agreed to this.
The plan with respect t the City
of Mexico contemplates an arrange
ment whereby order would be main
taned by a local council of prominent s
residents. The capital would not be e
subject to further attacks, nor would i
there be more changes in government ~
until a central government had been ~
Should the capital be declared neu
tral much o' the apprehension for the
safety of foreigners would be remov
ed and the famirnc menace eliminat
PAY FOR MEMBERS.
-Checks Are Mailed Congressmen for
More than a quarter million of do!
lars sent out of Washington Friday
will not only gladden the hearts of
old members of the House, but will
Sgive a large number of the approxi
mately 140 1.ew representatives their
Sfirst experience in receiving salary
-checks from Uncle Sam.
Sergeant at Arms R. B. Gordon and
I his assistants made out and mailed
checks for $286,000 to cover the sal
- aries of all the 435 representatives in
i the next congress for the month be
- Iginning March 4, last. While nine of
s the members of the new congress
Itake their oats of office until con
- Igress reconvenes next winter, their
:$7,500 salaries date back to the ad
e journment of the 63rd congress four
l weeks ago.
tUPRISING PUT DOWN.
T'cble in Nicaragua Apparently
f An uprising In Nicaraugua foment
ed by Gen. Julian Irias, minister of
C war under Zelaya, has been put
it down, according to a cable Thursday
d to the Nicaraguan legation at Wash
ington from President Diaz.
- The message said a small group of
d revolutionists looted the towns of
Is Sauce and Jicaral. They fiet before
1- government forces and are now sup
posed to be in Hondurts.
. Gen. Irias was reported to be in
3e Costa Rica, whence he was preparing
-. to sail for Habana, Cuba. He has
h been active recently in oposing the
- rpsd treaty between Nicaragua
, and the United States.
Submarine Uses Its Guns.
The steamer Vosges was sent to
at the bottom Snturday off the Cornish
of coast by a German submarine. The
ee Vosges was under fire for two hours.
nf Six persons were kill -d by the shells.
New Board of Pardons.
Cov. Manning has appointed the
as following boalid of pardons: H. C.
ioTlmnof Greenwood. D. C. Ellison
KenoftCobi and W. E. Jenkinson of
TRIED TO BURN LINER I
RENCHMEN ARREST AMERICAN
ON WEDNESDAY. F
barged With Effort to Destroy the
La Touraine, a Trans-Atlantic Lin
er, Imperilling Passengers.
A Paris dispatch Wednesday says
aymond Swodoba, one of the passen
.rs aboard the French line steam- 1
Lip La Touraine, which was imperil
d by a fire at sea on March 6, has
-en arrested charged with setting
re to the vessel, according to the
Swodoba, the paper asserts, is sus
acted of having "close relations
ith the enemy" and correspondence
und in his rooms is said to indicate t
had been charged with the task of
owing up the Touraine. He has c
en taken to Havre.
Investigation by experts appointed 0
r Admiral Charlier, who is conduct- b
(g the inquiry into the steamship b
e, has established, It is said, that
Le blaze aboard the Touraine must E
ive been caused by the explosion of
ome detonating device. *
Statements made by passengers a
id members of the crew support this f4
teory. The explosion was sufflient
' violent to wrench loose the doors cI
cabins nearby. The authorities be- L
ave the explosive had been placed
ith criminal intent in a trunk stored F
ith the baggage of first class pas-'d
ngers In No. 2 hold. t.
Passengers examined by the state N
torney at Havre are said to have k
stifled that they had been amazed b
: a statement made one night dur
g the voyage by a fellow passenger,
hen they. were dAiscussing German 0
Lreats to torpedo ships in the war si
ine. This passenger ,4s quoted as d
mving remarked: "Oh, that Isn't 1]
Le only war zone that would be dan
!rous: Germany is strong enough to h
) what she wants. This ship her- t'
lf, even before she reaches the war
me, might be obliged to have re
>rse to the doctors and nurses n
>oard to care for the passengers." tI
Only passing heed was given this Ia
;sertion, but in view of subsequent I
rents It appeared to have consider-! a
le importance. The passenger quot- S
I as boasting of Germany's power e
as listed on the shin's records as
Roymond Swodoba, 38 years old, an '
merican subject, profession, finan- E
er; destination. Paris." d
Commissary Dubert, attached to h
Le secret service, undertook the task I
tracing Swoboda. He found the f4
an was fairly well known in Paris cl
iancial circles, and had been con
ted with several more or less Im- h
yrtant transactions. He was sup- n
>sed to be a Russi.n. for he often, d
oke of his family connections at a
strograd and Moscow. He had serv
I as foreign representative for a d
-ober named Morrison. who conducts
ie of the large brokerage houses in P
None of Swodoba's business asso
ssocatesw, yR.Ightfihy!M fi .Rtj
ates bad seen him after the arrival a
the Touraine at Havre, March 8,i 1
at Dubert traced him to a hotel in a
te Avenue Kleber, only to fnd that g
a had left 10 days before after a a
rief stay. He registered there as tj
amond Swobodd. an American. and 1i
d the story of the Touraine fire in
hotel drawing room. His man-!
r, however, aroused some suspi
on. and the other guests kept aloof F
-om him. In
He was traced to another hotel int
ie Place de Rivoli, where he was ar- h
sted. When his room was searched,
i police declare a number of letters' b
itten in German were found, which, t
gemed to poInt strongly to his guilt. t
e was turned over to the Havre po- t
ce by the Paris authorities. - 0
FORMAL DEMAND MA)E* ~
ermans Had no Right to Sink 'I
Indemnity for the full value of the
merican ship William P. Frye, de- i
royed at sea by the German convert
d cruiser Prinz Eitel Friedrich, has s
en formally requested from Ger
any by the United States govern
Acting Secretary Lansing announc- 1
d Friday that a note on the Subject
ad been sent to Ambassador Gerard
or presentation to the foreign office
t Berlin. Pending Its receipt in Ber
in, the document will not be made
No representations were made con
erning the cargo, since It was es
ablished, after an investigation by
he state department. that it was
old en route and was British-owned
,t the time of the sgnking-.
The American government con
ends in the note that of commander
if the Eitel was not warranted in de-'
trying the Frye. because It could
Lot lawfully have been condemned as
.prize had it been taken into a prize
;HOOTING AFFRAY AT CENTRAL.
ilement Kelly Wounded by Ray
Raymond Taylor, aged about 22,
Ehursday shot and .wounded Clement
Kelly. Little is known of the shoot
g as there were not witnesses. Five
shots are in the stomach. Kelly was
Laken to an Artderson hospital, where
in operation was performed. It was
learned that the operation was suc
essful and Kelly was resting very
well. Taylor was carried to the
lounty jail by the sheriff.
BELGLUNS SHOT AS SPIES.
Seventeen Peasants Accused of Es
pionage in Favor of Allies.
Seventeen Belgians, most of wnom
were young peasants, were shot at
daybreak Tuesday in- the Ghent bar
racks. after having been found guilty
by a German court martial of espion
Another Snhmarine Victim.
A German submairine is believed
to have sunk the British steamer Fal
abia. of 3.011 tons. A message was
received from the crew saying they
had taken to boats.
A'quith Relieves Ed Grey.
Premier Asnoith has ta1ken temn
r'orary charge of the portfolio of Sir
Frlward Grey. who has been compell
ed to take a few weeks rest.
Big Cotton Record.
Exports of cotton from Galveston,
Teas. for March amounted to 43 6,
463 bales. the highest figures on re
ord fo any previons March.
RENCH AND BRITISH SHIPSSENT
TO THE BOTTOM
RITISH AIR FLET RAID
ritish Aeronauts Successfully Attack
German Yards-In One Week Brit
ish Loss- Has Been Five Steamers
Sunk, the Sixth Damaged-Armies
Same in East-Activity in Poland.
While German submarines con
nue their activity around British
asts, the naval wing of the royal
ring squadron keeps up its attacks
a German underwater craft being
ilt at Hoboken and at the Zee
rugge submarine base.
Aeroplanes attacks on German sub
tarines at Hoboken and Zeebrugze,
elgium, have been accomplished
ccessfully, the British admiralty
nounced Wednesday night. The
>llowing statement was given out:
"The following report has been re
ived from Wing Commander A. M.
ongmore, R. N.:
"I have to report that this morning
light Sub-Lieutenant Frank G.. An
rea carried out a successful air at
Lek on' the German submarines
hich are being constructed at Hobo
en, near Antwerp, dropping four
"Fight Lieuteneut John P. Wilson,
bilst reconnoitering over Zeebrugge,
bserved two submarines lying along
de the Mole -nd attacked them,
ropping four bombs with, it is be
eved, successful results.
"These officers started in the moon
ght this morning. Both pilots re
The Germans have added two more
;eamers to the long list of merchant
ent sunk off Beachy Head. The vic
ms this time were the French
eamer Emma, torpedoed Wednesday
ith a loss of nineteen of her crew,
ad the British steamer Seven Seas,
mt to the bottom Thursday with
even of her crew.
The British losses al.ready reported
>r the we k. ending Marcl 31 were
ve steamers. A sixth vessel torpe
ed reached port. During the week,
owever, 1,559 vess-ls. entered and
iled from British ports. So, except
>r loss of life, the damage was not
On the other hand, the British
ve no means of ascertaining the
ature of the damage done by bombs
ropped at Hoboken and Zeebrugge,
[though It is believed two subma
nes at the Mole of Zeebrugee were
Beyond these attacks official re
arts contain little news. In the west
iere has been nothing that ap
oached the proportions of a battle.
In the east the armie3 stand about
they were. Fighting in northern
oland has been of a desultory char
Aer, both' sides apparently having
iven up any I -of an immediate
Ivance. In centra ooland, however,
1e Russians are showing a certain
German official reports for the last
vo days have noted Russian at
=mpts to resume the offensive on the
awka River, while Vienna Thursday
ight reports a Russian attack near
0 P.lica river, which they claim to
These movements doubtless have
een undertaken to prevent the Aus-,
ians and Germans from reinforcing
ae armies trying to hold the Carpa
dian passes against the onslaughts
f the Russians, who daily report the
pture of a large number of prison
rs but who apparently are making
low headway in the operations
gaint Lupkow and Uzsok Dasses.
'he Russians also are slowly pushing
de Turks back In the Caucasus.
Belgrade again has been bombard
d by Austrian guns, while Austrian
rmen have dropped bombs on Cot
je, the Montenegrin capital.
Operations in the Dardanelles are
till in a state of abeyance.
WILL AiKE NO PEACE.
tussian and Turkish Ambassadors
Deny Latest Peace Story.
Both the Russian and Turkish am
assadors to Italy, interviewed by the
iornale d'Italia of Rome, Italy, em
hatically asserted that there was no'
oundation for the report that Djavid:
asha, Turkish minister of finance,
who Is now in Geneva, has been en
rusted with the task of negotiating
separate Russo-Turkish peace
M. Kroupenskl, the Russian am
assador, is quoted by the Giornale
'Italia as declaring that Russian ver
r would conclude peace separately
'rom Great Britain and France, es pe
ially when she was on the eve of
ealzing the oldest Muscovite ambi
Naby Bey, the Turkish ambassa
br. asserted that his country would
-emain faithful to her allies and nev
r would conclude a peace separately
'rom them. He added that there was
ao reason why Turkey should seek to
ad hostilities at- this time, for she
>ccupies an excellent position in the
Caucasus, while the Dardanelles have
proved impregnable and she is pre
paring surprises In Egypt.
ALL ENGLAND ABSTAINS.
British Isles to Abstain from Use of
A London dispatch says the king's
abstemious example Is being rapidly
followed, for, inl addition to Earl
Kitchener, all the cabinet ministers
in London announced to Chancellor
Lloyd-George. according to The Daily
Mail, their intention to follow the
king's pledge to abstain from alco
holic liquors during the war if it Is
Sixteen indictments remaining
aainst Joseph Fish, millionaire fire
insurance adjuster, who has been ac
quitted twice 'f charges of arson,
were quashed Wednesday. The evi
dence in all of the cases is similar.
Jewels Admitted Free.
Four hundred and eighty-six thou
and five hundred and seventeen dol
lars worth of jewels, sent to the Pan
ama-Pacific exnosition by the Legior
of Honor of France bave been ad
mitted Into this country free of duty.
Peace Treaty With Russia.
Ratifications of the peace commis.
sion treaty with Russia were ox
KING AGAINST DRINK
GEORGE OF EXGLAND OFFERS TO
Says if it is Deemed Advisable Will
Exclude Liquor From Royal House.
Drink Is blamed to a large extent
by King George for England's inabil
ity to obtain necessary war materials
for the army in the field, in a letter
sent by the king's private secretary,
Lord Stanfordham, to Chancellor of
the Exclequer Lloyd-George.
His Majesty "feels that nothing but
the most vigorous measures will suc
cessfully cope with the grave situa
tion now existing in our armament
factories," the letter says, and "if it
is deemed advisable, will be prepared
to set an example by giving up all al
coholic liquor himself and by issuing
orders against its consumption in the
The letter says:
"The king thanks you for so
promptly letting him have a report of
the proceedings at the meeting Wed
nesday of the deputation of employ
ers. His Majesty has read it with in
tense interest, but also with the deep
est concern. He feels that nothinz
but the most vigorous measures will
successfully cope with the grave sit
uation now existing inour armament
"We have before us the statements
not merely of the employers, but of
the admiralty and the war office,
which are responsible for munitions
of war and for the transport of troops
and their food and ammunition.
From this evidence it is without
doubt largely due to drink that we.
are unable to secure the output of
war material indispensable to meet
the requirements of the army in the
field and that there has been such
serious delay, In consequence of the
necessary reinforcements of supplies
to aid our gallant troops at the front.
"A continuance of such a state of
things must inevitably result in the
prolongation of the horrors and bur
dens of this terrible war.
"I am instructed -to add that, If it
be deemed advisable, the king will be
prepared to set an example by giving
up all alcoholic liquors himself and
by issuing orders against its con
sumption In the royal ho"seholds so
that no difference shall be made so
far as his Maiesty is concerned, be
tween the treatment of- the rich and
the poor in this question.
(Signed) "Lord Stanfordham,
"The King's Private Secretary."
AMERICAN KITLET). I
Wasngton Orders Investigation of
Reports that an American had per
ished in the war zone around the
British Isles were brought officially to
the attention of the United States
government late Thursday when Am
bassador Page and Consul-General
Skinner at London cabled that Leon
C. Thresher, an American mining
man, was supposed to have been
drowned in the destruction of the
British liner Falaba, by a German
The reports merely transmitted un
official statements and instructions
were sent to both officials to begin an
Investigation. No action will be taken
by the government until this official
version of Thresher's death has been
received and all facts surrour ding
the destruction of the Falaba have
been carefully considered.
A representative of the company
which had employed Thresher saw
him aboard the liner before she sail
ed. That is as -far as official informa
tion goes and Ambassador Page or
Mr. Skinner will now undertake to
get statements from survivors of the
steamer who can give positive evi
dence that the American was drown
Officials had little doubt that the
case eventually would form the sub
ject of representations to Germany.
In its note after Germany's war zone
proclamation the Washington gov
ernment notified the German foreign
office that it would feel compelled to
hold that government to "strict ac
countability" for the loss of Ameri
can lives or property through the op.
erations of submarines against Brit
ish merchant shipping..
TO LAY CORNERSTONE.
Wilson'and Taft to Participate in
Red Cross Celebration.
Plans for ceremonies at the layin?
of the cornerstone of the memorial
structur- to the memory of the wo
men of the civil war which will be
the permanent home of the Red Cross
were announced at Washington
Thursday. The cornerstone will be
laid on Sunda. March 27, on a site
south of the White House.
The ceremonies will begin with a
prayer by the Rev. Henry N. Couden
chaplain of the House of Representa
tives, veteran of the civil war. For.
mer President Taft, Miss Isabel T
oardman, Assistant Secretary Breck
inridge. of th a war department, Rep
resentative Slay'den of Texas, an
Senator Lea of Tennessee will speak
A fter President Wilson has laid
the cornerstone Justice T amdar, of the
Sunreme Court, will deliver a brie'
address. and the ceremonies wil'
close with a benediction by the Epis
copal Bishop of Washington.
SU'NK1 BY SUBMARINE.
Eleven Men :Drownied in the Sinkinp
A dIspatch from New Haven, Eng
land, says the British steamer Seve
sns of 622 tons was tornedoed by
erman submarine off Tlenehy Hear
Thursday afternoon. The attack we
without warning end eleven of he'
crew of eight en. including all the offi
ers except t'1e seconel engineer, wer'
drowned. The steamer was bount'
from London for Livernool. Sue'
was the force of the exnlosionf th'a
the hatches were blown off and a be'
hole wa~s torn in the Ctearner's sido
casing her to sink within three min
utes. The rurvivors. three of who"
were injured, were lanl!ed by a de
Talk of Peace.
A -Petrograd dispatch says the Rus
sky Slovoe prints~ a note intim-itin
that Russi2. has been apo'roaee
through neutral channels with oveT
tures from Austria for a separat
SINK MORE SHIPS
HVE ORf VICTIMS AlfR PRT
_ L UAK ON RIDA
ALLIES ACTIVE IN AIR
Berlin Describes Carpathian Fighting
as Bitter-Turkey and Russia Both
Deny Talk of Separate Peace Be
tween Them-Submarine Operates
Over Distance of 700 Miles.
The Associated Press summarizei
the war -situation Friday as follows:
"Raids by two aviators of the allies
in the GermAn province of Baden in
flicted damage in the cities of Mull
helm and Nuenberg. The destruo
tion of property in Mullheim Is de
scribed in a London dispatch as con
siderable, although only slight dam
age was done in Nuenberg.
"A decided extension of the range
of operations of. German sul. marines
is indicated by -. Lisbon dispatch say
ing the U-28 had been operating off
the coast of Spain. The British
steamer South Point, which went
down off Cape Finisterre, is said to
have been torpedoed by the U-28. It
is more than 700 miles from Cape
Finisterre to the nearest German sub
"The suggestion that Turkey Is on
the point of suing for a separate
peace with Russia is repudiated by
both the Turkish and Russian ambas
sadors at Rome. The former is quot
ed as saying there was no reason for'
which Turkey should seek peace. The
Russian ambassador is said to have
declared his government would con
clude no peace separately from Great
Britain and France.
"The fighting in the Carpathians Is
described in Berlin dispatches as un
usually bitter. The Russians, push.
ing through deep snow, are persistin
in their efforts to dislodge the Aus
trians from the passes and heights,
but are said to have accomplished
little in the way of definite successes.
"The Russian war office, however,.
says substantial results have been
achieved. In the campaign in north
ern Poland an important victory is
elaimed over the Germans, who are
said to have retreated hastily in -one
section of the front west of the Nie
"German submarines have sunk
four more vessels, one of them flying
a neutral flag. A Norwegian bark
was torpedoed in the North Sea by
the U-20, and three trawlers from the
Tyne were blown up by the U-10.
The crews of all four ships escaped.
"Heavy fighting has been resumed
In Eastern France, near the German
border. The official statement from
Berlin says the French were.defeated
in a battle near LePetre forest and
forced to give up ground they had
"Elsewhere ilong the weitern
front there were artillery encounters
Thursday. but no inftantry'engage
ments of consequeuces."
Newcastle, England, reports Friday
that three Tyne trawlcrs, the Gloxi
ana, Jason and Nellie, were sunk by
the German submarine Z-10 Thurs
day. After all the members of the
crews were safe in sr all boats the
Germans blew up the trawlers.
They then towed the fishermen to
wards the Tyne, until they met flsh
ing craft . which br aught the -men
ashore. The fishermen say the .sub
marine 'commander was geniaL He
supplied hot coffee and tobacco to
them but told them:
"We have been ordered to sink
everything. It is war and England
London reports Friday an Amster
dam dispatch to Reuters Telegram.
company says -message from Berlin
states that a hostile aircraft appear
ed above Mallheim, Baden, at 5:30
o'clock ycsterday afternoon and drop
ped a bomb which caused consider
able material damage.
Another aviator dropped three
bombs on Neunberg, also in Baden,
at 7 o'clock, but the damage done was
BAS NO MONEY.
Schools Close and Officers Go Unpaid
- In West Virginia
It developed Friday at Charleston,
W. Va., that one of the state officials,
who is not drawing his salary because
of failure of the last legislature to ap
propriate funds, is Gov. Henry D.
Hatfield. John H. Darst, state audi
tor, has asked A. A. Lilly, attorney
general, for an opinion as to whether
he can borrow money until the legis
lature can be called together to make
Meanwhile the unusual condition Is
being felt in all parts of the state.
Country schools are being closed.
high schools placed on part time and
companies of the national guard mus
tered out. The effort to have the
legislature meet without expense to
the state and pass appropriation bills
sems to have failed and there Is no
relief in sight.
NAVAL FIGHTS IN BADTIO.
Petrograd Claims to Have Infilcted
Severe Loss Upon Germans.
In a summary sent out from Petrc
grad Monday considerable naval ac
tivity has taken place in the Baltis
sea. The statement, which is rei
garded as semi-official follows:
"Early in September the activity
of our fleet in the southern Baltic
rompelled the enemy to modify his
olans and concentrate his chief ef
orts upon operations by submarines.
'ineteen of these attacks were mad~e
n two months, but only one was suc
2essful. Enemy submarines suffered
"Our fleet has developed Intense
ictivity along the enemy's coast. D~e
-ljetails of the operations can not be
-nublished yet, but the enemy suffer
-d severe losses in fighting units and
'ave been seriously impeded in the
-perations along his own coast by the
'oss of a number of transports with
Foot and Mouth D~iscase Gone.
The United States denartmnent of
'tgriculture announccd Thursday the
virtual eradiceation of the foot and
'nouth disease in thIs country.
Gernany Asked for Indemnity.
.A full indemnity has been request
- d from Germany for the loss of the
y ye, which the German Prinz Eltel.
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