VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 14, 1915.
FRENCH AE ACTIVI
ATTAIEI iERIAS ETVEEJ THl
ROUSE AD 183ELLE
UURGILE ARE FURIOUI
- ties fa the Carpatbans CoatiUni
Vigorously-Italy Coantines Pre
parsions for War-Greek Eini
mmels Pradence, saying Prpar
atins are Made Without Abandon
Met of Neutraliy.
Friday's war summary follows:
-On both the western and easteri
Ironts battles are in progress whici
=ay effect vitally the future course
of the war.
"In France between the Mouse and
the Moselle the allies are attemptinl
to force back the GermanR wedge
Paris claims a large amount oJ
ground has been won, but Berlin con
tradicts this. The loss of life prob
ably is heavir than that In any othe
ngagement in the west since the bat
tle of Soissons.
wThs furious struggle along the
Carpathian front continuec; partleular
importance attaching to the fighting
in the Beskids, over which the Rus
glans are attempting to force their
ay to the plains of Hungary. Al
though Petrograd says the Austrian
army has been cut in two and the
Rssiatns now have a clear road to
Hungary, Vienna insists that effee
tive resistance is being offered.
"Italy continues rapidly her mill
tary preparations, but no decision
has been reache& whether she will
participate in the war. It is report
ed from Geneva.that Italy is with
drawing railroad equipment from the
Swiss frontier for the movement of
troops to the territory adjoining the
Austrian Tyrol. The border fort
reuses have been garrisoned and
"King Constantine of Greece Is
uotd as saying -his country is in a
sition simfiato Italy, having made
mlitary preparations withoWt aban
doning neutraUty.-The king expresses
conidenco that Greeks all over the
-l4 -would fight- enthusiasticaly
should war be decided upon, but
counsels a policy of prudence.
"Further negotiations between Bul'
saria and the triple entente powers
may be initiated for the purpose of
casoetaining the intentions o! Bulga
ria. A Rome dispatch says the pro
ussianparty in Bulgaria, favoring
the country's participation in the war
en the-side of the allies, is seeking to
bring about an understanding."
Lolma reports Friday: The
French offensive between the Meuse
-and the Lorraine frontier is develop
ng while the Germans are making
SsOM. cou~ter attacks.
An anaiybiil of the situation by
the Fredh general staff shows the
- Frech movement of the last few
days has been on three' sectors. The
st Is on. a front o 1 miles east of
unuA- the actual line running
southwest from a point near Etain;
the second on, a front between St.
Nihiel and Pont-a-Mousson where the
French are attacking from the south
ind the third. Is in the-north in the
vicinity of Gussainville where the
-French now dominate the valley of
the Orne and are threatening the
railroad beyond the Orne.
The~French advance thus Is being
ressed from three bases in three dif
ferent direction Paris official re
ports -say French forces on fronts
may miles long have occupied new
grod mnesuring from several hun
drdyrsto two miles deep. That
th German resistance to these ad
sacshsbeen stubborn is striking
ly -Indidated, by the French report
tat the GermasS on one point of the
-attackr left.1,000 dead on the field.
From the diplomatiC standpoint in
terest again is centering in Greece.
JErmer'Premier Venitelos, apgarent
y~ despairing of obtaining King Con
staintine's support in his effort to
secure retraction of the repudiation
ot his policy by "the present cabinet,
has decided to retire from - politics
-and' may. leave the country.
eVienna reports: "Obstinate fight
ing -in the sector of the East Besk!4
mountains (along the boundary ber
tween Hungary and& Galicia), which
has'lasted for several weeks, reached
its ciimaz at Easter. Continual Ruis
sian attacks, especially on both sides
of the LaborcZa valley, where the
enemy was reinforced by a majority
of -the troops which had besieged
przemysl, were repulsed with enor
mous losses to the enemy. Counter
attaking,- German and Austrian
troops captured on the heights to the
west and east of the valley several
strong Russian positions.
"Though the fighting at this point
has not yet terminated, our success
in the Easter battle, in which some
10,000 unwounded prisoners were
captured, Is indisputable.
"In some-parts of the wooded dis
tricts east of the Labordcza valley so
wee fighting Is progressing.
"In southeast Galicia there have
been artillery combats at some
"In west Galicia and Russian Po
land it is comparatively quiet."
'WOFFORD BOYS MAROHED IN(.
But They Couldn't Turn Around and
March RIght Out Again.
Twenty-eight Wofford college boy'
were ordered to appear in police
court of Spartanburg to answer the
charge of disorderly conduct. In cel
ebration of Wofford's baseball victor.1
over the Presbyterian college at Clin
ton Tuesday, the Wofford lads tnarch
ed into a moving picture theatre. Thi
lads evidently Intended to turn righ
around and march right out again
but-before they did so the police wer
at the doors, the mayor of the towi
had been summoned and Dr. Henr
Nelson Snyder, president of the col
lege, was called In a hurry to con
front the isolated column. The;
were lined up in the lobby of th
play house, while the police tooj
their full names to be recorded.
Illinois Drys Win.
A total of 55 out of 106 countieS I:
Illinois are entirely dry, three nel
counties-Marion, Franklin and Jas
perhaving been added to the dr
- column in Tuesday's local optio:
elections. About 100 saloons wer
- voted out. The chief majority wa
in Celtralia, wet for sixty years
Warships at Hampton Roads.
Sixteen ships of the Atlantic flee
which have been engaged in maz
oeuvers in Cuban waters for severn
moths, anchored in Hampton Road
'WANTS MAYOR REMOVED
ATTORNEY SAYS HE WAS BOM
BARDED WITH EGGS.
Affidavit is Filed in Governor's Odice
Requesting Removal of A. P. Rus
sell, Mayor of St. Stephens.
"Just as soon as I can get my per
sonal effects, I am going back to Mas
sachusetts 'where I can live in peace C
and not be plastered over with rotten
eggs," said Nathan Barnett, formerly
of Massachusetts, but now a practic
ing attorney of South Carolina, when
speaking of an alleged assault on him
April 2, made by the mayor of St.
Stephens, Berkeley county, and a tl
Mr. Barnett is a native of Massa- S1
chusetts, but has been living in this a
State since August, 1912. He was
admitted to the Massachusetts bar in al
1895 and admitted in South Carolina
in the fall of 1912, he said. sI
The affidavit filed in the office of I1
Gov. Manning requested the chief ex- t
ecutive to issue an order to the mayor o
to show cause why he should not be r
removed from office. It' also asked s
that the magistrate at St. Stephens c
and the sheriff of the county be re-Id4
quired to invesLgate the 'riotous af- w
fair on the said second day of April." C
The following is the paper filed In
the offlee of .Gov. Manning: m
"To His Excellency, Richard I. w
Manning, Governor of South Caro- a(
"The complainant, Nathan Barnett si
of St. Stephens, Berkeley county, and al
State of Soith Carolina, respectfully st
aleges and says, that he is an attor- in
ney at law duly admitted to practice
law in this State and that on and be
fore the -second day of April, 1915, m
was practicing law in St. Stephens, 17
S. C. ba
"That he was retained as counsel 1l
by C. Wulbern and Co. to collect a P
judgment against A. P.' Russell, et m
al., at St. Stephens, S. C., and that he hc
was attorney for said plaintiffs, ob- E
tained from the Court of Common
Pleas for Berkeley county an execu- b
tion against the said A. P. Russell m
and turned said execution over to the Ri
sheriff of Berkeley county to levy an s
execution, and that the said sheriff to
in accordance with the laws of this se
State, levied on the property to satis- to
fy said execution. Te
"That on April 2, 1915, at about
5:15 p. in., while your complainant,
the said Nathan Barnett, was about
to- board a train in St. Stephens, S.
C., to go to Marion, S. C., to attend a he
case in the Court of Common Pleas, fo
that the said Nathan Barnett was
mobbed and assaulted'by being rot- hi
ten egged before he could get. on the hi
train in said St. Stephens, S. C., sta- fo
"That the said A. P. Russell was Se
leading the said mob in committing Cc
the said assault on the said Kathan by
"That the said A. P. Russell Is the te:
mayor of said St. Stephens, S. C. TI
"Wherefore, your complainant re- ar
spectfuly prays that your excellency fo
issue an order on said A. :P. Russell, th
mayor of St. Stephens, S. C., to show inI
cause before your excellency why he wi
should not be removed from his of- ciu
,ace as mayor of St Stephens, S. C., as fr
chief magistrate and peace officer of in
said St. Stephens, S. C., and also al.
direct an order to the ma'gistrate of PE
St. Stephens, Berkeley county, S. C., sa
and the sheriff of the said Berkeley Te
county to make an investigation
about the riotous affair on. the said
secoud day of April, 1915, at said St.
Stephens, S. C., and report to your at
excellency about same, and for any tr
other -relief as your excellency may th
deem Just and proper in this matter-.t
"Respectfully submitted, th
"Nathan Barnett." dc
An affdavit setting forth the alle-~ de
gatons is attached and signed by Na- bE
CHASED BY SUBMARINE. P
Liner Escapes Undersea -Boat After F1
Damage by Shell Fire re
Liverpool reports Friday: The cap- m
tan of the Blue Funnel Line steamer cl:
Theseus, which left LIverpool March bi
27 for Java, has sent a report of an H
exciting chase by a German subma-1cC
ine. The Theseus escaped, damaged of
by shell fire.
On March 29 at 7 o'clock in ther
morning, the Theseus sighted the T
submarine 40 miles southwest of~ B
Bishop Rook lighthouse. The sub- jn
marine signalled her to stop andA
abandon ship, but the order was ig-s
nored and the Theseus put on full E
stean and started zig-zagging. The '
submarine opened fire. The chase c'
continued until 10: 30, when the sub- '
marine abandoned the pursuit and ~
appeared to turn her. attention to a tG
small steamer flying the Norwegian tc
Of the seven explosive shells fired
by the three-inch gun of the subma' h
rie, five struck the Theseus and did p
considerable damage. The main mast
was badly cut and the quarters of a
the firemen in the poop were wreck
The distance covered during the c<
chase was about 57 miles. The Thes- h
eus maintained a speed of about 17 og
knots. From time to time she fired w
explosive distress signals In the hope tl
of 'attracting the attention of a Brit- ft
ish warship. The captain of' theeta v
ish warship. stae tive
The captain of the staeeliee ri
that had it not been for the rough a
sea the submarine would have over- te
hauled the Theseus. No member of T
the crew of the Theseus was injured. T~
All the damage to the vessel was y
above the water line and only tern- i
porary repairs were required.
New Board of Pardons. E
-Gov. Manning has appointed the
Sfollowing board of pardons: H. C. o
STillman of Greenwood, D. C. Ellison t1
Sof Columbia and W. E. Jenkinson of S
TurkIsh Cruiser Lost.
A semi-official dispatch from Petro- c
r grad says the Turkish cruiser Medji
-dieh struck a mine near the Russian F
coast Saturday and was destroyed. h
Russia Claims 00,000 Austrians. r
s A Petrograd dispatch says there a
are more than 600,000 Austrians t:
now in prison camps in Russia-.
t Germany Asked for Indemnity- t
- A full indemnity has been request- I
,1 ed from Germany for the loss of the jr
s Fye, which the German Prinz Eitel
ITFL fRIEDERICK GIVES UP TO
EXPECTED AID FAILS
Dmmander Thierichens Sends Word
to Officials That Rather Than to
Deliver His Men to Certain Death
He Feels Compelled to Hand Over
His Ship to Their Keeping.
Commander Max Thierichens, of
0o German auxiliary cruiser Prinz
itel Friedrich, asked the United
ates government, through port
ithoritios at Newport News, Va.,
ednesday night, to intern his ship
id crew for the war.
Up to the last moment the German
:ipper kept up the appearance of be
g ready for a.dash to sea, and when
e time for decision finally came he
pla!ned that failure of "expected
lief" to arrive had made it neces
ry to Intern rather than "deliver
ew and ship to fruitless and certain
struction by British and French
rships waiting off the Virginia
Thursday the commerce raider
ado her last cruise of the war. She
is taken to the Norfolk navy yard
ross Hampton Roads from the ship
.rc where she has been laid up
ice limping into port on March 10,
ter the remarkable commerce de
roying voyage from the Orient dur
g which she sent the American ship.
lliam P. Frye to the bottom.
Determination of the German com
3,nder. to intern his ship immediate
operated to lift the American em
rgo against merchant ships of al
d European nations leaving that
rt. More than a score of British
archant vessels, which had been
Id up. were permitted to leave.
Actual internment of the Prinz
tel, it was arranged in conferences
tween Rear Admiral Beatty, com
inder of the Norfolk navy yard;
ar Admiral.Helm, of the battle
ip Alabama, and Collector Hamil
a, was accomplished Thursday, the
3 raider to be taken to the Nor
ik navy yard at Poitsmouth, Va.
Lere, breech locks of her guns will
removed and connecting rod of her
Collector Hamilton received final
tructions from the Washington
vernment late Wednesday. When
reached the Eitel Friedrich, he
and Capt. Thierichens awaiting
n. The German officer handed the
lector a sealed envelope containing
; announcement. The letter was as
[ows. The announcement was in
a form of a telegram to Assistant
cretary Peters, of treasury, from
llector Hamilton, and was signed
Capt. Thierichens. It said:
"I inform you that I intend to in
:n S. X. S. Prinz Eitel Friedrich.
L relief I expected appear not to
rive in time so the number and
roe of the enemy cruisers watching
entrance of the bay makes to me
possible the dash for the open sea
th any hope of success. I have de
led not to deliver crew and ship to
iitles and certain destruction. Be
obliged for the courtesy shown by
United States authorities, I am ex
eting your orders. I have sent the
me information to Rear Admiral
ilm, U. S. S. Alabama.
(Signed) : "Thieriechens."
While Collector Hamilton read the
nouncement which he immediately
msmitted to Assistant Secretary of
a Treasury Peters at Washington,
ere was a spirit of gloom aboard
e ship. Officers and irew appeared
wncast. Commander Thierichens
lared that he was heartbroken to
compelled to resort to such a step.
Unofficially, he stated that he had
ver intended to intern if it were
ssble to avoid it; that he had hop
for the arrival of German forces
do battle wi. the British and
ench warships off the American
ast and thus clear the way for his
turn to the open sea.
"I would like to have gone to sea
self,' Commander Thierichens de
red. "I would not hesitate to go.
Lt I had to think first of my men."
a said he realized the futility of
ping with the superior naval forces
the allies off the Virginia capes.
As soon as Collector Hamilton had
ceived the decision of Commander
iierichens he notified Rear Admiral
atty. The latter notified Rear Ad
iral Helm, on board the battleship
labama, guarding the channel to the
a. to prevent departure of the Prinz
itel Friedrich from this port after
idnight Wednesday night. The do
son of Commander Thierichens to
tern came at the close of a day fill
with mysterious developments. Up
the last few hours of grace the
rman captain had not said a word
Washington officials about intern
ent. He had coaled and provision
I his ship. Repairs to her boilers
d been made and everything was
epared for a dash to the sea. Ger
an warships had been expected to
-rive to aid the Eltel Friedrich. Just
hat these plans were which did not
aterialize could not be learned. The
~mmarder is said to have declared,
wever, that the reported approach
the German cruiser von der Tann
ith submarines, was not a part of
e plans of the German government
ir his relief. The decision of the
'ashington government as to the
me extended the Eitel Friedrich to
main in American neutral waters
as reached March 20. From these
rms the government never deviated.
hey were delivered to Commandei
hieriehens on that date in a lettex
ritten by Collector of Customs Ham
ton, as follows:
"Norfolk, Va., March 20, 1915.
"The Commander, S. M. S. Prin2
"Sir-Further governing the stay
SS. M. S. Prinz Eitel Friedrich in
e territorial waters of the United
tates. I have in compliance with in
:ructions from my department. tc
iise you as follows:
"The department of state has re
sived from the navy department the
sport of the board of naval officers
ho made an examination of S. M. S
rinz Eitel Friedrich, now in thi!
arbor, with a view to ascertaiini
apairs necessary to put the vessel ii
thoroughly seaworthy condition
nd from this report it appears thal
ie time required for repairs will be
period of for rteen working days
'e government has concluded
2erefore, that S. M. S. Prinz Elte
'riedrich will be allowed until mid
ight of the close of the 6th day o.
spril next to complete her repairL
EXPECT BETTER BUSINES
U. S. BANEK EXA3NERS FIND
With Exception of Maine General De.
pression Does Not Exist-Agricul
tural and Manufacturing Increases.
Business conditions throughout the
country are showing improvement in
almost all lines, according to reports 4
from varicus bank examiners, n'ade I
public Thursday night by the treas
ury department at Washington.
Eighty of the ninety examiners In the
United States reported a permanent
improvement and Maine is said to be
the only state where real depression I
"Pronounced hopefulness is preva- I
lent in nearly every district," says
the announcement. "Agricultural 4
conditions are generally excellent and t
commercial lines, with comparatively 1
few exceptions, are enlarging teir I
activities, mainly through an increa3- I
ed demand, but in some cases pre- t
paratlon for activity is expected to I
develop with the coming of good
weather. Manufacturing is on the
increase and those industries having
orders for supplies from foreign 1
countries continue especially active.
"Further orders have been placed
for cars and rails by the railroads
and some large contracts have been t
made for structural iron for large I
The statement attributes depres- f
sion to unusual conditions abroad,
but says that business here has been
stabilized through the application of f
"The South," it continues, "is m
showing marked improvement. The t
sale, of cotton is active and advane- t
ing prices, with the result that all C
business in that section 13 feeling a
steady and pronounced Improvement.
The prospects for large crops are gen- E
erally excellent and there will be
greater diversification. t
"The western states and the Pacific
states are showing a general lmprdve
"The New England and Middle At- t
lantic states and portion of the Cen
tral West, although generally report- f
ing an improvement, seems to feel a
the past depression to the greatest
extent. Farmers, however, generally t
have had satinfactory results but I
manufacturing, with the exception of t
that to fill foreign orde-:s, Is feeling v
the improvement to the least extent. b
There is improvement, however, in c
most lines. Savings bank deposits
are increasing and generally banks i
have en abundance of money. t
BOMBS ARE TESTED.
Army Aviators Make Experiments on 1
San Diego Field. h
As a result of recent tests at the e
army aviation station at San Diego,
Cal., bombs suitable for use- with
aeroplanes have demonstrated their
practicability. and certainty of action.
Some of the bombs successfully dem
onstrated were pear-shaped, while
others were of an elongated, cylin
drical type. The weight of the for
mer type was 15 pounds while the
cylindrical types weighed 50 and 100
pounds each. - t
Details of the tests will not be dis- c
losed but it is understood the pear
shaped bombs were somewhat un- 3
stable in flight with coresponding In- I
ccuracy in hitting the mark. The ,
flight of the elongated type, however, t
was said t, have been more accurate, t
the bombs striking within 20 or 30 m
feet of the desired mark from an alti
ude of two thousand feet. a
ZEPPELIN DISSATISFIED. '
ged Count Blames Airship Crewsfo
Not Attacking London.
Count Zeppelin Is not satisfied with 'I
the manner In which his airships are I
being handled. He recently called to
gether his engineers and the captains
at Friedrichshafen and criticised
them on several scores.
The count said the full power of
the Zeppelins bad -not been employed
and that'longer raids than any made
heretofore were possible. He also
said there was too much dispositionr
to await favorable weather condi-C
tions. He believed an attack on Lon-I
don and the lower Thames had been 1
delayed unnecessarily. The count
also is understood to have criticised '
his captains for retreating from hos- I
four hours In addition, or until mid
night of the 7th day of April, to leave
the territorial waters of the United
States, or failing this that she will be
under the necessity of accepting in
ternment within American jurisdic
tion during the continuance of the
wars in which your country is now
"This information will, of course,
be held in the strictest confidence, it
having been imparted only to yourself 1
in this letter and by the honorable
secretary of state to his Excellency,
the German ambassador at Washing
"With renewed assurances of my
"Norman R.- Hamilton,
The letter which Collector Hamil
ton carried to the German command
er was as follows:
"Commander S. M. S. Prinz Eitel
Fredrich-Sir': By direction of my
department. I have to advise you that
if the Prinz Eitel Friedrich departs
from this port by 12 o'clock, 'mid
night, of this day. April 7, 1915,
which is the time limit prescribed by
the government of the United States
in which sL6 must depart or other
wise be under the necessity of ac
cepting internment within American
jurisdiction during the continuance
of the war in which your country is
now engaged, it will be necessary for
her to depart from the territorial
waters of the United States 'by 4 a.
m. April 8, 1915.
"This is imperative.
"Norman R. Hamilton,
Tugs Dragging for F-4.
The tugs Nava.o and Intrepid,
dragging for the lost submarine F-4,
in the harbor of Honolulu, are re
ported to have secured a solid hold
on the submarine with a two and one
half inch cable.
Mob Attacks Restaurants.
Fifteen hundred men who had been
refused further relief work in Van
couver by the city of Vancouver, B.
C., attacked restaurants and fruit
stores, breaking the windows and
aryn away fruit.
MIANY ARE FOUND GUILTY,;'
[AYOR AND OTHERS OF TERRE
HAUTE CONVIC7ED. B
[7. S. Government Wins Case of Con
spiracy to Corrupt the Election
The 27 men of Terre Haute, Ind.,
ncluding Mayor Donn M. Roberts,
harged in the federal court with A
onspiring to corrupt the election of
ast November, were found guilty by
jury Tuesday. The case has been
m trial since March 8.
Judge Anderson announced he
vould sentence the convicted 'men,
ogether with 89 who were indicted
ointly with them and have pleaded
uilty, next Monday.
All the defendants except Alexan to
er Aczel were permitted by the court til
o remain at liberty under previous P
>onds. Aczel, alias Steel, has been er
a jail for several weeks unable to til
,ve bond of $5,000 for alleged at- cc
empts to influence government wit- te
The federal government placed its le
laim to jurisdiction in the fact that th
United States senator and a mem- bi
er of congress were being voted for ra
a the election. It is said that this
vas the first time the federal govern- el
nent had ever interfered in* an elec- th
Ion on this contention and that the
dea was original with Frank C. Dai
ey, United' States district attorney
or Indiana. 9
. The. indictment on which the men ca
vere tried is in four counts. The ec
Lrst count is based on section 19 of se
he United States criminal code, the in
ubject matter of which is conspiracy cr
o injure persons in the exercise of t_
heir civil rights. The indictment cO
harges that qualified voters .were t
irevehted from exercising that right. su
Conspiracy to defraud the United
tates by corrupting the election is B:
harged in the second count, which Is in
ased on section 37 of the criminal tit
ode, which was used in the dynamite
onspiracy case here two years ago. E
In brief, the third count -alleges
hat, in furtherance of the scheme to st
Lefraud the United States, the de- 51
endants placed letters in the mails, at
ad it is also based on section 37. be
The final count charges a scheme TO
o defraud the gamblers and saloon qt
:eepers of Terre Haute, and in fur-- lei
herance of this scheme a .letter was al
laced in the mails. This count is cr
ased on section 215 of the penal er
ode of the United States. ti<
The federal grand jury began its je
avestigation about two weeks after tic
he election of November 3, 1914, and as
eturned the indictment on December at
4, naming 126 men. United States
farshal Mark Stbren and his depu- D(
es began making arrests Christmas u
ight and took into custody 116 of ti
he men indicted. The remaining 10 di
ave not been apprehended. of
Eighty of the men arrested plead- o
d guilty when arranged on January th
2, 1915, eight more entered the ty
ame plea before -the trial was begun,
ad another pleaded guilty when the ml
rial was almost over. tu
Former Mayor Roberts and 26 oth- fa
rs, A. 0. Stanley, former congress- ru
ian from Henderson, Ky., filed a de- 'd:
iurrer which was overruled by tir
udge Anderson on February 1. The de
rial was delayed until March 8, after el
he adjournment of congress, to ac- he
ommodate Mr. Stanley. or
The taking of evidence was begun as
arch 10 and the government rested
arch 27 after having examined 297 qi
ritnesses, 21 of whom were recalled ce
o the stand, bringing the number up cc
o 318. The defense used 76- wit- u!
esses, including only 12 of the 28 th
efendants, and brought Its case to ui
n abrupt end on March 31. . On re
uttal, the government introduced 23 w
itnesses, completing that phase of Je
ie case in a half day. The defense di
~d no surrebuttal and after motions tit
o instruct the jury to acquit seven tr
f the defendants had been overruled th
he argunients were begun last iti
hursday. Each side was allowed 10 th
ours for arguments.
PLAN BIG FLIGHTS. s
Lero Club of America Plan Stations gc
and Routes. e
Ocean to ocean flights along three t
outes are planned by the Aero club ca
if America as a part of its national a
inety days' aeroplane competition, ~
eginning at July 4 next, the club re
Lnnounced Saturday at New York. s
'he competition announced recently be
s designed to assist the war and navy th
lepa'tments in developing aviation di
'orps for the National Guard and o
laval militia and also to demonstrate e
he practicability of aeroplane mail it
arrying. . p
"To carry the competition into
ivery state, the contest committee of r
he Aero club has outlined three main sI
ranscontinental routes," says the tc
tatement. The contest coni'mittee c
elieves there will be many aviators, .
rho, in flying for the daily -cross
ountry prizes of $100 a day, will
id themselves on the way across
he continent and who will find it to P.
heir advantage to keep on- in an ef- ti
'ort to gain the sea to sea prize, a
"For water flying it is proposed to tt
~stablish a distance prize. Starting tl
Lnd landing places for water aero- s
)lanes will be located on the Atlan- IC
Ic, Pacific and Gulf coasts and the ol
reat Lakes. The stations on the 'V
atlantc will include Portland, Maine, W
oston, Newport, Providence, New fc
layen, Norfolk, Charlesten and Say- k
Lnnah. Every naval militia station ni
n all coasts will be made a landing
Ld starting station.
WANT THE SCREENS DOWN. h
spartan League to Use Referendum
on Pool Rooms.
At a meeting of the Christian I
Vorkers' League held at Spartanburg T
ruesday night, in the rooms of the DI
yhamber of commerce, it was decided tl
:o take advantage of the referendum fia
lause of the city-charter and submit a:
o the voters of the city the much
lebated pool room ordinance which 10
ouncil has declined to pass. The K<
League wants the screens removed b
Erom all pool rooms in the city. Not di
ong ago the council passed an ordi- X
tance requiring a police officer to ti
visit the pool rooms once every hour si
i the day. tl
If the vote is in favor of the pas- si
sage of th'e ordinance, it is a city ci
Law, regardless of the attitude of'w
council. Dr. Snyder, president of
Wofford college, was one of tes
stronget advocates of the referen- u:
fium. There were those who sug- o
gested the issue was too small to go oj
before the people with, but the idea je
that principle was involved predlomi- g:
nated and the leaguo voted to haveI
t elcion e~d
RYAN SAYS DEMOCRATS SHOULD
VOTE FOR PROHIBITIOR
PARTY SHOULD DECIDE
t Present It Looks as If Neither
Party Will Make the Issue-Secre
tary Denounces Liquor Interests
for Their Attempt to Gain Control
of the Parties.
Secretary Bryan Wednesday night
ade public a letter he had written
L. W. Kennington, Democratic na
2nal committeeman from Iowa, ex
'essing the hope that Iowa Demo
ats would take a stand for prohibi
2n and vote against officials who
uld be controlled by the liquor in
In a statement given out with the
tter, Mr. Bryan said he hoped to see
e Democratic party take the prohi
tion side wherever the question was
ised, and that if the liquor interests
sisted on making an Issue in the
action of a national committeeman,
e people opposed to the liquor traf
: could not afford to ignore it.
"I do not know to what extent the
iuor question will be an Issue in the
mpaign next year," Mr. Bryan add
. "At the present time it does not
em probable that it will find a place
the platform of either the Demo
atic or the Republican party, but
ere Is no reazon why the nationa.
mmitteemen should not reprerent
e sentiment of the party on this
bject as-on other subjects."
Mr. Kennington had written Mr.
-yan that his name was being used
behalf of a candidate for the na
In his lecter to Mr. Kennington Mr.
"The legislature of Iowa has voted
Ltutory prohibition, and has also
bmitted to the people a prohibition
iendment to the constitution. It
omes necessary, therefore, for the
ters of Iowa to act upon the liquor
estion, both in choosing another
gslature and in voting upon the
2endment submitted. The Demo
ts of Iowa, constituting a consid
able portion of the voting popula
n, must take action upon this sub
3t, both in the nomination and elec
in of legislators, and also directly
the:y vote upon the prohibition
"I tako it for granted that the
=mocratic party will act upon the
bect in its state and local conven
>ns, and even if it does not, the in
vidual action taken by the members
the organization will, to a greater
less extent, commit the party on
is subject and thus affect the par
strength in the state.
"It is proper that the national com
tteeman should represent the atti
de of the party on this question; in
t, the liquor interests have already
led out one good man because he is
y.' The only way in which the sen
nent of the party can be made evi
ut in advance of a convention or an
cton is for each person tc vote as
thinks, if he acts as an individual,
as his constituents think, if he acts
"The liquor question Is a moral
estion, and our party's hope of suc
ss in th~e state of Iowa for years to
me winl, in my :judgment, depend
on the manner in which it meets
is question and the position it takes
"If I were a citizen of Iowa I
uld make my opinion on the sub
e manifest by casting whatever in
ence I have In favor of the selec
m of officials who would not be con
:lled by, or under obligations to,
e liquor interests, but would be pos
vey and definitely committed to
e home as against the saloon. The
ewer, the distiller and the saloon
eper are in conspiracy against all
at is pure in society, In all that is
cred in the family--against all that
good in industry and desirable in
vernment. I do not mean to say
at every brewer, every distiller or
ery saloon keeper Is consciously
nspiring, but the business in whic1
ese men are engaged is the enemy
progress and civilization, and they
e not in position to oppose the in
tences that <4ominate it. Those who
present the liquor interests are con
jenceless in their methods; they de
uch the individuals through whom
ey act and any party to which they
ctate. - The Democratic. party can
Ely hope for success when it gives
pression to high ideals and makes
self the champion of the noblest
'inciples and the best policies.
"Whenever a moral question is
ised, therefore, there is but one
le to it, unless the party is willing
sell its soul for a support which
*n not be accepted even temporarily
ithout the forfeiture of public re
"It does not matter much what
rticular individual is chosen as na
>nal committeeman, but it matters
great deal, whether he stands on
e moral or immoral side of the line
at separates the forces that are
on to engage in political battle in
wa. It would be better to take an
icure man who is right on the li
ior question than a well known man
hio is wrong on the liquor question,
r an unknown man ceases to be un
lown when he becomes the expo
mt of a righteous cause-he bor
ws strength from his cause; where
,individual strength and influence
vindle into nothingness under the
ight of an unholy alliance with an
"If, therefore, anybody asks you
y opinion, you may say that in any
mtest between a 'wet' and a 'dry'
ndidate for national committeeman
am for the dry candidate, and that
shall be greatly disappointed if the
emocratic party in Iowa does not
irow the weight of its great in
ience against the liquor interests
id all that they stand for or desire."
Secretary Bryan's statement fol
ws: "The letter to Committeeman
ennington explains itself. It was
ing urged in behalf of one candi
ite that I favored his selection.
hen this was brought to my atten
on. I felt that if my opinion was de
red, it ought to be given to all, and
at the reason s for that opinion
iould be stated so that the Demo
-ats of Iowa would know what
eight, if any to give to it.
"The prohibition question is an is
te in Iowa and this fact is so clearly
fderstood by the liquor forces that
le of the leaders of the wet element
the Democratic party in Iowa ob
ted to a very excellent man on the
round that he belonged to the drys.
"If the liquor interests insist upon
TO PAY FOR WM. P. FRYE
GERMANY AGRES TO INDE3M
TY ASKED BY U. S.
Von Jagow Gives Quick Respons" to
American Note-Claim Allowed
for Unexpected Reason.
Ambassador Gerard has cabled the
following note, which has been re
ceived from the German government,
stating its intention to compensate
the owners of the ship William P.
Frye, sunk in the high seas, by the
commerce raider Prinz Eitel Fried
rich. The reply of the German gov
"The undersigned has the honor to
make reply to the note of his excel
lency, Mr. James G. Gerard, ambas
sador of the. United States of Ameri
ca dated the 3rd instant, relative to
claims for damages for the sinking of
the American merchant vessel, Wil
liam P. Frye by the German auxiliary
cruiser Prinz Eitel Friedrich.
"According to the reports which
have reached the German govern
ment, the commander of the Prinz
Eitel Friedrich stopped the William
P. Frye on the high seas January 27,
1915, and searched her. He found
on board a cargo of wheat consigned
to Queenstowns, Falmouth or Ply
mouth to order. After he had first
tried to remove the cargo from the
William P. Frye, he took the ship's
papers and her crew on board and
sank the ship.
"It results from these facts that
the German commander acted quite
in accordance with the principles of
international law as laid down in the
declaration of London and the Ger
man prize ordinance.. The ports of
Queenstown, Falmouth and Ply
mouth, whither the ship visited was
bound, are- strongly fortified English
coast places, which moreover serve as
bases for the British naval forces.
The cargo of wheat being food or
foodstuffs was conditional contraband
within the meaning of article 24,
number 1, of the declaration of Lon
don and article 23, number 1, of the
German prize ordinance and was
therefore to be considered as destin
ed for the armed forces of the enemy
pursuant to articles 33 and 34 of the
declaration of London, and articles
32 and 34 of the German prize ordi
nance and to be treated as contra
band pending proof of the contrary.
"This proof was certainly not cap
able of being adduced at the -time of
the visiting of the vessel since-.the
cargo papers read to order. - This,
however, furnished the cor.ditions un
der which pursuant to article 49 of
the declaration of London and article
113 of the German prize ordinance,
the sinking of the ship was permissi
ble, since it was not possible for the
auxiliary cruiser to take the prize
into a German port without involving
danger to its own security or the suc
cess of its operations. The duties de
volving upon the cruiser before de
struction of the ship pursuant to ar
ticle 50 of the declaration of London
and article 116 of the German. prize
ordinance were fulfilled by the cruis
er in that it took on board all the
persons found on the sailing vessel as
well as the ship's papers.
"The legality of the measures tak
en by the German commander is fur
thermore subject to examination by
the German prize court pursuant to
article 51 of the declaration of Lon
don and section 1, number 2, of the
German code of prize procedure.
These prize proceedings will be insti
tuted before the prize court at Ham
burg as soon as the ship's papers are
received and will comprise the settle
ment of questions whether the de
struction of the cargo and the ship
was necessary within the meaning of
article 49 of the declaration of Lon
don; whether the property sunk was
iable to capture and whether, to
what extent, indemnity is to be
awarded the owners.
'"In the trial the owners of ship
and cargo would be at .liberty, pur
suant to article 34, paragraph 3; of
the declaration of London, to adduce
proof that, the cargo of what had an
innooent destination. and did not
therefore have the character of con
traband- If such proof is not adduc
ed the German government would not
be liable for any compensation what
ever, according to the general princi
pes of international law.
"However, the legal situation is
somewhat doubtful in the light of
the special stipulations applicable to
the relations between Germany and
the United States, since article 13 of
the Prussian-American treaty of
friendship and commerce of July 11,
1799, taken in connection with arti
le 12 of the Prussian-American
treaty of commerce and navigation of
May 1, 1828, provides that contra
band belonging to the subjects or
citizens of either party can not be
confscated by' the other in any case,
but only detained or used in consid
eration of payment of the full value
of the same.
"On the ground of this treaty stip
ulation, which is as a matter of
course binding on the German prize
court, the American owners of ship
and cargo would receive compensa
tion even if the court should declare
the cargo' of wheat to be contraband.
Nevertheless, the approaching prize
proceedings are n~t rendered super
fluous since the competent prize court
must examine into the legality of the
capture and destruction and also pass
upon the standing of the claimants
and the amount of indemnity.
"The undersigned begs to suggest
that the ambassador bring the above
to the knowledge of his government
and avail himself, etc., etc.
"April 4, 1915."
AVOIDS COTTON CONGESTION.
Italians to Allow All American Car
goes to be Exported.
As a result of the efforts of Ameri
can Ambassador Page, instructions
have been issued from the foreign
ministry at Rome to allow all Ameri
can cotton billed through this .coun
try to be exported. Difficulties in the
way of moving the commodity now
are due to congestion.
There are 158 ships at Genoa wait
ig to unload.. while outside the har
bor 116 vessels are waiting te '~V .
Methods employed in unlo: ing the
ships prevent more than 3,000 bales
of cotton entering the port daily.
To Begin Alaskan Railway.
Work on the Alaskan railway is tc
begin as soon as President Wilson
determines upon the route to be fol
French Ship Destroyed.
The fishing vessel Paquerette,
French, was sunk by a German sub
marie of EtetatSatuday
COMES IN PORT
ANOTiER GIREN RAIDER ST15
AT RIPRT NES, VA.
DESTROYS 15 SHIPS.
Evading Hostile Warships for Eight
Months Converted Cruiser Kron.
prinz Wilhelm Slips Past Coro
of Sbips Off Coast of Virginia and
The German- converted cruiser
Kronprinz Wilhelm, another of thdse
elusive raiders of commerce in the'
South seas, slipped into the harbor of
Newport News, Va., Sunday and ask.
ed for fuel and provisions.
Many times reported destroyed, the
former North. German Lloyd liner
evaded hostile warships for eight
months while she sent fifteen mer-V
chantmen to the.-bottom, and her of-7
ficers says she wasforced to steal her
way through 'a,- feet of four allied
cruisers off --tfe -coast' in order to ,
reach the refuge.
"We got in without being seen.by
the enemy, and we.can get out the
same way," declared lier command
er, Lieut. Capt. Paul Thierfelderafor.
merly navigating officer'of the.Ger
man cruiser Kirlsruhe.
When she anchored off Old -Point
the Wilhelm had less than twenty
five tons of coal and scant provisions
for the crew of 500 men and 61 pris
oners - from British merchant ships
sunk In the South 41Alantic.
Of the firteen ships that the drab
painted 15,000-ton cruiser came with
with a record of capturing,
of them sunk, nine were British, 1oum
French and one Norwegian. The Brit-7
ish ship Chasehill, captured, was al
lowed to proceed, taking to shore
more than 300 prisoners fromi rs--.
vious raids. The value ofthese-ships
and their cargoes officers of the WII
helm estimated at $7,000,000.
Since she slipped out of New York
harbor, August 3 last, as a dGerman
merchant and passenger steamer, the
Wilhelm never touched land and took
960 prisoners from various-ve
Most of these were sent to . Ath "
American ports on German 8S:ips
which met the raider in response to
wireless calls. The 61 now on board,
who ;ill be, landed, are British siil
ors taken from steamships Tamar, de
stroyed March 25, and .Coleby, de
stroyed March 27 last. The toll'of -
destruction credited to the Prinz WIl
helm included the following vessels:
Destination, and cargo of vessels
sunk by the German auxiliary cruiser
British steamer Indian Prince
Capt. Gray, from Bahia for New York
with coffee and cocoa and five pessen
gers. Thirty-two officers and ~men.
Sunk September 4, 1914.
British steamer Lacorrentina,
Capt -,.from LaPlatte for Lo- -
don vith five 5,600,000 pounds-meat.
Twenty-six passengers, 95 office* and
crew. Sunk October-7, 1914. - -
French bark Union, Capt. Gregore,
from Port Talbot for Valparaiso with
3,100 tons coal. Twenty-four oflicers
and crew. Sunk October 28, 1914.
French bark Anne deBritigne,
Capt. Picard, from Fredrikstad :for
Sydney and Newcastle with cargo
wod. Twenty-four officers-and crew..
Sunk November 21, 1914.
British steamer Bellevne; Capt.
Robertson, from Liverpool for south '
America with 4,000 tons coal Sunk
December 4, 1914. Thirty-four offi
cers and crew.
French steamer Mont Atel,. Capt.
-, from Marseilles for _South
America, in ballast. Thirty-two offi
cers and crew. Sunk December 4,
British steamer Hemisphere; Capt.
--, from Hull for Rosaric, with
5,000 tons of coal. Twenty-six -offi
cers and crew. -'Sunk December -28,
British steamer Potario, Capt
---, Liverpool for South America,
in ballast. Forty-seven officers and
crew. Sunk January 10, 1915.
British steamer Highland Brae, -
Capt. --,ndon for Beunos A.ires
with meat and shoes. Fifty passen
gers and 91 officers and crew. Sn
January 14, 1915..
British schooner Wilfred M., Capt.
Parks, St. Johns for Bahia, with fish
and potatoes. Seven officers and
crew. Sunk January 14, 1915.
Norwegian sailing ship Semantha,
Capt. Halversen, Linnton for Fal
mouth, with cargo wheat. .Twenty
three officers and crew. Sunk Feb
ruary 5, 1915.
French passenger steamer Guada
loupe. Capt. Jasseau, Beunos Aires
for Bordeaux, with general cargo.
One hundred and forty-three passen
gfiera. One huidred and fifty officers
and crew. .Sunk February 23, 1915.
British steamer Tautar, Capt. --,
Santos, for -Savre, with 68,000 sacks
coffee. Thirty-three officers and crew.
Sunk March 25, 1915.
British steamer Coleby, Capt.'
Crighton, Rosario for St. Vincent;
with cargo wheat. Twenty-eight o'fft
cers and crew. Sunk March 27, 1915.
The British steamer Chasehill was
stopped February 22, 1915, and after
privisions had been requisitioned by
the German cruiser, -she was allowed
to proceed with 300 prisoners-trans
ferred to her from the Konprinz Wil- -
Prohibition for Alaska.
A bill submitting the- question of
territorial prohibition at the general
election November 4 passed the lower
house of the Alaska legislature Tues
day. 14 to 2.. It now goes to the Sen
ate. The bill would become effective
January 1, 1918. .- -
Aeroplanes for Russia~
One hundred and fifty aeroplanes
for the Russian army arrived in Ta.
coma, Wash., Thursday night- for
shipment to Viadivostok. .They are
valued at between $2,000 and i4,006
Doubles Order for Shrapnel
An order calling for 45,000 tons
if steel rounds for shrapnel has been
placed with the Carnegie Steel com
pany by a Cleveland concern acting
for the French government.
British Ship Torpedoed..
The steamer Northlands, 2,000
tons, loaded with iron, was sent to
the bottom Tuesday.
Merchant Marine Grows.
The United States - merchant ma
rine increased 135 vessels, of 485,586
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