VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 21, 1915.
EXPET D~I~ BATTLE
FIVE MILLION SOLDIERS ARE U
BEATH RIP 13 OMINO
usstan Military Experts Declare fn
vasion of Hungary Is Premlntum
Step to the Direct Mardt. to Berli
-Germanic Empires Shift Men om
A Petrograd .dispatch to the Lon
don Morning Post says that the mili
tary erperts of the Russian press are
divided in their opinion regarding
the meaning of the' present opera
tions. The official military organ,
Russky Invalid, for more than a
month past. has declared that as the
Carpathian 'operations develop and
after Hungary has been Invaded the
Russians will drive forward in an
irresistibl4 force upon the direct road
to Berlin from Warsaw.
The Novoe Vremya expert scouts
this idea and points out that the
Grand Duke's strategy has had one
consistent aim from the outset of
the war-namel , to reach Berlin by
way of Vienna. This expert shows
that the combined. forces of Aus
trians and Germans now arrayed
against Russia from the Baltic to the
frontiers of Roumaia are not under
-Moreover, the disposition of the
farces, he says, has changed in the
past couple of months. Some 'Aus
trian troops were with the Germans
In the Nimenen-Vistula raid. Between
the lower Vistula and the Dunajec
tributary of the upper Vistula the
Austrians are now in the majority,
and the Germans, mainly represented
by a large artillery force, are concen
trated etpecially on the northern see
tions of this front; chiefty on the
Bzura and gerierally .against War
saw. On the Carpathian front the
further one looks the'more numerous
become the German forces. A neir
formation. of German -troops, whicb
again have been withdrawn from the
Franco-Belgian fr6nt, continues to
~_move through Hungary.
"It is evident," says :the expert,
"that Germany, commedng'ythe en
mire military resources 'of . boh.Ger
manic empires, is preparing' for: a
general attack along the whole strat
egic front. Where men are fewer, the
endeavor is to be made by means of
guns to supplythelr place, but the
-whole 700 or 800 miles will shortly.
be aAame from end to end.
"'The Grand Duke's strateE7 aims
at the occupation of the rich plains
of Hungary, with the double object of
waging war Lt the enemy's expense
and assisting to starve .Germany,
%which has been deriving large sup
m ungary, -instead of strik
Ing at the German frontiers, which
have been -rendered as impregnable
asinan knowledge can make them.
"The Russians are thus, little by
little, cutting away all 'Germany's
supports until the moment Is reached
when ermany must stand bare and
alone. A final effort willthen bring
the.Germans. toppling down. -Rus
-sian strategy has turned all the Ger
man plans for this war upside down.
"A decisive battie may be expected
very shortly. The German disposi
tions are approaching completion in
*Bukowina and ,on the Niemen. Dis
plays of energy anif diversions of hat-,
tie will shortly be opened by Ger
"If thi's means anything beyond
supposition," the Post's. correspond
ent adds, "it means that the Germans
hope to save the situation by an over
whbenIng blow from the Czensto
ch&ows-Craeow front.- In any' case,
the -next -few weeks must see the
greatest battle in the world's 'history,
the numbers ar-rayed- in arms against
"one aihther totalling 5,000,000 men,
extended over 700 to 800 miles as the.
crow fles, but actually over 1,000
TURKS LOOSE TORPEDO BOAT.
British Admiralty Also Reports Loss
of English Submarine.
London reports Sunday: The Brit
ish, as an offset to their success .in
destroy'ng a Turkish torpedo boat
which attacked the transport Mani
tou off Chios Saturday, lost the sub
marine E-15, which, while carrying
. out a diffibult reconnoissance in the
-'Dardanelles' mine field, rap. aground
on Kephez Point, the crew being
*According to the' Turkish report
seven 'of the submarine crew are
On Saturday night the admiralty
reported "the transport Manitou, car
rying British troops, was attacked by
a Turkish torpedo 'boat in the Aegean
"The Turkish boat fired three tor
pedoes at the transport, all of which
missed their mark. The .torpedo
boat then made off, but was chased
by the British cruiser Minerva and
British torpedo boat destroyers and
was finally run aground and destroy
ed on the coast of Chios in -Kalam
muti bay. The members of the crew
of the Turkish warship were made
"It is reported that about 100 men
on board the transport lost their lives
through~ drowning, but full particu
lars have not yet been received."
CAN GET DYESTUFFS.
State Department Takes Up Question
With Germany and England.
State department officials' are pre
pared to take up with the German
government the last st'ep necessary to
supply American textile mills with
the cargoes of German dyestuffs
bought before March 1. The way was
cleared Thursday by the announce
ment that Great Britain had agreed
to permit these cargoes under certain
conditions to come through from Rot
As the position previously taken by
the German government has been
that it would permit dye shipments
in exchange for cotton or copper,
some officials believed there would be
little difficulty in getting these twb
cargoes out of Germany to Rotter
dam. The state department will co
operate with the mills' agent in ef
forts to complete the transaction.
Germans-..Seize Dutch Ships.
Four trawlers flying the flag of
Holland have been seized by the Ger
man warships and taken to Cux
MADE MUCH PROGRESS
GAINS IN THE CARPATHIANS RE
VIEWED BY RUSSIA.
Petrograd Tells of Enormous Cap
tures Made Since March-Attack
Developed Before Snows Melted.
The official communication from
general headquarters at Petrograd
Sunday night said:
"'At the.beginning of March in the
principal chain of the Carpathians we
held only the region of the Dukla
passes, where our lines formed an ex
terior angle. All' other passes of
Lupkow and farther east were in the
hands of the enemy.
"In view of this situation our
armies were assigned the further task
of developing, before the season of
bad roads due ,to melting snows .be
gan, our position in the Carpathians
which dominated the outlets into the
"About the period indicated the
great Austrian forces, which had been
concentrated for the purpose of re
lieving Przemysl, were in a position
between Lupkow and Uzsok- passes.
It was for this section that our grand
attack was planned. Our troops had
to carry out a frontal attack under
very difficult conditions of terrtain.
To facilitate their attack therefore an
auxiliary attack was decided on a
front in the direction of Bartfeld, as
far as Lupkow.
"This secondary attack was open
ed March 19 and was completely de
"On March 23 and 28 our troops
had already;begun their principal at
tack in- the direction of Baligrod, en
veloping the enemy's positions from
west of Lupkow pass, and on the
east, near the source of the San.
"The enemy opposed a most des
perate resistance toi our offensive.
They had brought up every available
man on the front from the direction
of Bartfeld as far as Uzsok pass, in
cluding even German troops and
numbers of cavalrymen fighting on
foot. The enemy's effectives on this
front exceeded 300 battalions. (An
Austrian or German, battalion num
bers 1,000 men.) Moreover our
troops had to overcome great nat
tral difcultles at every -step."
"bvertheless by April 5. that is,
18 days after the opening of our of
fensive-the bravery of our troops
enabled up -to complete the task as
signed and we .had seized the- prin
conal chainof the Carpathians on a
onbetween Reghotov and .Volosate
of 110 verAts (about- 75,iiles).
, "The fighting subsequently has
bee in the nature ~of actions in de
tail.,ntended to consolidate the suc
cesses we won.
"To sum up: On the whole Carpa
thian front between March 19 and
April 12, the enemy have suffered
enormous losses and have left In our
hands In prisoners alone at least 75,
000 men, including about 900 officers.
Further, we have captured 300 guns
and 200 machine guns.
"On April 16 the actions in the
Carpathians were concentrated in the.
direction of Rostolki. The enemy,
despite the .enormous losses' suffered,
.delivei-ed in the course of that day no
less than 16 attacks in great'strength.
hese attacks, all of which were ab
solutely barren of result, were made
%against the heights we have occupied
further -torthe east of Telopotch.
r .,"Our troops during the night of
~April 16-17, after a desperate fight,
stormed and captured a height to the
southeast of : the -village of Poden,
where we took many prisoners. Three
counter-attacks delivered by the~ ene-'
my against this height were repulsed.
K"In the other sections, all along the
front, there has been no change."
FrTJEn WITH WATER
Probable That F.4 Has Been Loaded
With Sea Water.
The superstructure of the subma
rine F-4 Is caved in and the hull is~
filled with water, probably from seep
age, according to a report made byl
Chief .Gunner's Mate George D. Still
son, who late Wednesday descended
to the ibean fioor~ and examined the*
wreck after Frank Crilly, a diver, had.
located, the submarine earlier in the
Stillson, who made a partial survey?
of the hulk, reported that, aside from-i
the damage to the superstructure, he
was unable to find any other holes
and that the - top plates were not
crushed in. One of the lines were
used by the .searchers in their at
tempts to locate the F-4 had fouled
in the superstructure. Work was- to
be begun Thursday, it was announc -
ed, to free the fouled line' and'to
make others fast to the submarine.
Two lines are already fast to 'the
Neither -Crilly, who was unde
water two hours, nor Stillson, who
was submerged for an. hour and a~
half, suffered ill effects, although, ac
cording to ^official announcement by
naval officers,':the submari ..e Is lying
at a depth of 288 feet.
TEN PERISH IN STORM.
Crews of Barges Drown When Ships
Go to Pieces.
Saturday's coast storm claimed ten
victims in the vicinity of the Dela
ware capes. They were the crews of
the Consolidation Coal company's
barges Nos. 6 and 9, from Baltimore
for Boston who were drowned when
their crafts foundered near Cape
Henlopen. The barges broke adrift
from the tug Cumnberland.
Despite heroic efforts in the face of
a blinding snow storm and a 60-mile
gale, the Cumberland's crew was un
able to get another line to the
barges. For hours the tug stood ty.
but the fury of the sea made it im
possible to render assistance. Final
1y the barges broke to pieces and
sank with all hands aboard. The
bodies of Capt. Johnson, Baltimore;
Karl Larsen, a Swedish subject, and
Dempsey Jarvis, also ef Baltimore.
washed ashore late in the day.
The wind at one time blew seventy,
miles an hour. Coast guards and
life-savers from the Lewes and Re-i
hoboth stations made repeated efforts
to launch a life boat, but could not
get through the boiling surf.
Thrashed With Switches.
George Berndet, a farmer of Som
erset. Pa.. was thrashed by a crowd
of neighbors because he persistently
refused to sup~port his wife and chil
Big Reservoir Breaks.
Lyman reservoir, which holds back
the water of the Little Colorado for
12 miles, broke Thursday night and
drowned the members of 12 families
i vinge nearby.
DiUIiN SLAY MADERI
HUERTA KNOWS MURDERER BE
WILL NOT NAME BI1
U. 3. HAS BE[N UNFAI
Former President of Mexico Giv4
Out Signed Statement Setting I
Claim to Vindication--Says A<
minlstration Has Been Misled
Describes Anarchy in Mexico.
Asserting that he had nothing I
do with the death of Francisco M
dero, Gen. Victoriano Huerta, formo
provisional president of Mexico, I
sued a lengthy. signed statement i
New York Thursday night settir
forth what he termed his side of tt
Mexican question. "Gen. Huerta d<
clared he knew who was responsib
for Madero's death, but that he wi
keeping it as a "professional secret.
Gen. Huerta's statement reviewe
the history of the Madero revolutloi
his own accession to the provisioni
presidency and concluded with -ti
assertion that "my country can n<
be conquered." Sixteen millions c
men, women and children would hai
to be killed before Mexico would sul
mit to an invader, Huerta asserte4
The heads of the Washington a
ministration, Huerta declared, ha
not been fair to Mexico; had bee
misled by false -statements, and :
they had been in Mexico for thirt
days "they would have changed thej
theoretical, erroneous ideas." Ha
it not been for the embargo on th
exportation of-arms from this cour
try, Gen. Huerta indicated that hl
army would have prevailed ov
those opposed to it.
The former provisional presider
reiterated the assertion that he ha
resigned- from his position only bi
cause he hoped to bring peace to hi
country. He pointed out that in th
eight months elapsed since that dat
the situation in Mexico had becom
"too sad for me to analyze deeply.
"Anarchy is too soft a word to ca
t," he said. Mexico eventuall
would be saved, but by a Mexican, h
said. Who that would be he did nc
know. Huerta declined. to give. a
inkling as to his future, movementi
He denied that he would go to an
point near the Mexican border. Di
ussing the death of Madero, he said
"That- is a professional secre1
Lawyers have secrets, doctors hay
secrets-?I am a soldier-why shoul
not a soldier have secrets? It is no
through friendship for any one that
am withholding the information. I
is-a professional duty. The time wil
soon come when my name will b
vindicated, and, as Gen. Lee said t
Gen. Jackson, the world will say o
me, I stood like a stone wall sut
mitting to the ignominy and the in
sults heaped upon me."
"It has been said that you bitray
ed the confidence of President Ma
dero; is it so?" he was asked.
Gen. Huerta straightened U
proudly, his eyes flashed as he re
"No, I swear it, I was in no wa
responsible for his death. It has bee:
one of the big tortures of my life.
am sorry I have to keep the secrei
Although I am of different race thai
ou gentlemen, I am a man."
Gen. Huerta's signed statemen
was in part , as follows "After fif
teen months of MIadero's illadminis
tration of public aft'airs, a portion c
the .patriotic Mexican army, wha
were humiliated and maltreated b:
adero revolted and took possesiol
f the government's citadel. For tel
days the streets of the City of Mexica
ran with blood. The situation bi
"The foreign diplomatic represen
tatives asked Madero to resign. H
did not want to accede to thel
wishes. Then, some heads of tha
army, incited by our senators to pu
n end to that anguished situation
placed Madero under arrest.
"Our congress, our senate and ou
ireme court of justice, complyini
w fhall the requirements of the con
stitution of our country, named mn
as the constitutional president of tha
United States of Mexico, considerina
e as the man for the job.
"Madero, while being conducted ti
the penitentiary died an unnatura
death. By some of the public in thi
ountry. I am blamed as having take>
part in executing him. I neve
have tried to shirk any responsibilit:
nd anything I ever did was don
openly. I am man enough to stan
y what I do. I know I am not ta
blame for the death of Madero. Tim
and history will do me justice.
"Far be It from my mind to mnak
a eulogy of my own administratiol
but I must say that during my ad
ministration all the law-abiding citi
zens of my republic, as well as all tha
foreigners resident there receive
guarantees and their homes, thel
ives and their Ipraperties were full:
protected. The Spanish, Germar
French and English colonies, an
particularly the important Americal
olony resident in Mexico confirr
what I say.
"Nobody ever can name a singi
foreigner who has suffered directl
or indirectly from my governmen
any loss of life or interests.
"During the seventeen months
was president of Mexico, I had tha
good fortune to enjoy the confidene
and moral support of the whol
American colony resident there. in
cluding United States Ambassado
Henry Lane Wilson and Nelso:
'Shaughnessy, charge d'affaire:
both of whom were my persons
"It was painful to see numerou
American families leave our countr
by the advice of your governmeni
Not being able to evade the exodu:
ny government took special care
the Americans. Special trains we
placed at their disposal and arme
forces accompanied the trains to tha
"Unfortunately, and for our shame
numerous crimes have been commi1
ted against foreigners on Mexica
soil during the last four years and
half. Englishmen were cowardly at
sassinated, more than three hundre
Chinamen were brutally slaughterec
German women were brutally violai
ed; Spaniards were butchered: foi
eign and native ministers of th
church were shamelessly mistreatet
but these crimes were committe
either before or after my time, or b
re'bels in territory that I did not cor
trol. These are the results of th
anarchiad propaganda of Madero an
'I always have had, and have pro'
en my great admiration and respe<
for the American people. I must sa
perodia nd public opinion in th
I United States were for the last few
years diverted from the right path on
the Mexican question.
"The heads of your administration
were not fair to Mexico, but I believe
they were misled by false state
ments. Besides, there Is quite a dif
ference between theory and facts. If
your administration only had been in
Mexico for' thirty days they would
have changed their theoretical, er
roneous ideas. But I would rather
not discuss this subject. It is a dis
courtesy, you know, for a foreigner
to. criticise heads of a nation whose
hospitality he enjoys.
3 "My Indian, honest blood boils
when I think of the unfortunate con
p ditions existing in my poor country,
and when I think that a good, clean
press like the American are led by
false and artificial tricks to defend a
- cause which is nothing more. than
dne of vandalism and anarchy.
"But, never mind. I have hopes.
o My Mexico is young. My Mexico has
L- plenty of life- in it My country can
)r not be conquered. We have sixteen
s- millions of men and children, and it
a? would need 16,000,000 of invaders,
tg one invader for each man, for each
te woman, and for each child, and
B- when the 16,000,000. Mexicans are
le killed off, then a devastated country
s would be the price of the conqueror,
" to the shame of civilization and the
d shame of the conquerer.
1, "Never mind. Mexico will be say
il ed by a Mexican. By a strong Mexi
Le can. Not by a bandit. Not by men
>t that kill for the sake of money or of I
>f dastardly passion, but by a Mexican
,e who will act as surgeon, who will
>- cure the sores, who will amputate the
1. dead parts of the national body. And
- then Mexico in a short time will re
d vive and will be the paradise on earth
n as it deserves to be.
If "Where is the man? Who is the
man? When will the man appear?
,r I do not know."
,e FOURTEEN TE1).
15 Freight Train Drags Loaded Trofey
Car 200 Feet.
Lt . To the inexperience of- a student
d motorman is charged the death of
fourteen persons, ten of them women,
who were killed Wednesday night in
e a collision between a street car and
e a freight train on the tracks of theI
' Detr6it, Toledo & Ironton railroad, in
the western end of Detroit, Mich..
According. to' the police, the uuex
I plained inactivity of the student's in
e structor also contributed to the dis
t aster. .Twenty-eight -other persons
were injured, four of them so seri
ously that their death Is" believed to
be certain. Early - Thursday only,
seven of the dead had been identified,
and it-was said 'at the morgue some
of the bodies are so terrible muti
e lated that their idehtification will be!
d well nigh impossible.
With a heavy load of passengers,I
the car, handled by Student Motor
man J. C. Westover, halted as it
reached the railway crossing. The
conductor ran ahead, and seeing a
string of freight cars pushed by a
switch "engine approaching the Inter-,
. section, signalled the motorman to
wait until it had passed. I
- The novice misunderstood the sig-i
nal and turned on the power. The
I car started down the slight incline
p leading to the railway tracks. When
too late the motorman shut. off the
i current and applied the brakes, but -
I the car slid along until it stopped.
directly in the path of the oncoming,
. . The leading freight car crashed
a i Into the street car, striking it square
ly in the middle. The railroad tracks
t i at the place where the accident oc
-curred occupy a narrow street., As
the car was swept away 'from the
fcross, one end of it struck and de-,
o molished& the front of the Delray sta
; tion, which stood on one corner, and
a the other end tore out a part 'of a
a grocery store on the opposite side of,
a the street.
-. Nearly 200 feet was traveled be
fore the freight was brought. to a
-stop, and along this distance, terribly
8 mangled bodies of dead and 'injured
r were strewn. Others caught in -the
awreckage of the car were not extri
t cated until several hours after the
IThe roof of the streat car remain
r ed practically intact, but the remaind-'
er of the .car was reduced to a mass
of splinters. Some of the bodies were'
etorn to bits. One woman was hurled
completely over the roof of the rail
way station. A hand was, found on
the roof of a freight car forty feet
rJapanese Threat Appears to Have
eVery Little Effect.
o The deadlock in the negotiations
over Japan's demands on China re
mained unbroken. China declines to
e recede from her position, notwith
L standing the fact that the Japanese
Sminister, Eki Hioki, threatened to
-discotinue the negotiations.
e The, Chinese foreign minister, Lu
d Cheng-Hsiang, refused to discuss'
r Group V, of the Japanese demands.
This group relates to a nu~iber of the1
, most important demands made by
d Japan. including the employment of
aJapanese political, financial and mili
tary advisers and Japanese police,
Japanese supervision of the manu
e facture or 'purchase of China's war
7 munitions and rights for railway and
M. Hioki intimated that China had
I favored Great Britain with railway
e concesions and had not given simi
e; lar r.ghts to Japan. He again urged
e China to grant the concessions de
- manded and permit Japan to take up
r subsecuently with Great Britain any
a question which might arise in respect
1 to er croachment on British railway
The Japanese minister again post
s pon.d consideration of the Manchuria
7 group. The Chinese foreign minister
- asked once more that discussion con
cernig this group be concluded, but
M. Hioki replied that hie still was,
e without instructions on this point
d from Toklo.
Battle in Mesopotamia..
SA force of 11,000 Turkish regulars
'~and 12,000 Kurds attacked the Brit
n ish at Kurna. They were repulsed'
a with a loss of two of their 22 gunsi
and 300 prisoners. British loss, 90
French Sh ip Torpedoed.
The French steamer Frederic
Franck was torpedoed off Star Point,
cin the3 English channel, Sunday, but
was towed into Plymouth by govern
-ment tugs. No lives were lost.
Mexican Battle I'oubtful.
The battle in Mexico between Gen.
-Villa and Carranlza's leader, Gen. Ob
:t regon, has been claimed by repre
ysaivesm of both sides at Washing
SELECTS ASYLUM HEAD
DR. 0. FREI) WILLIAMS SUCCEEDE
DR. GEORGE F. SARGENT.
Gov. Manning Makes New Appoint.
ment on Wednesday Morning
Christie Benet on Board of Regents
Following his revocation Tuesda3
night of the appointment of Dr. Geo,
F. Sargent of Baltimore, Md., as head
of the State Hospital for the Insane,
Wednesday morning Gov. Richard I.
Manning appointed Dr. C. Fred Wil
liams as superintendent of the insti
tution to succeed Dr. J. T. Strait, the
After resigning from the board ol
regents, Dr. Williams immediately
accepted the appointment., Christie
Benet, a prominent attorney of Co
lumbia, succeeds Dr. Williams on the
board of regents. The superintend
ent of the asylum receives an annual
salary of $3,000.
Dr. Willialns is one of the best
known physicians in the State. He
is 39 years of age and was born and
reared in York county. He was grad
usated from the University of Mary
land in 1899, and cast his fortunes
with his native State. For four
years-1907 to 1911-he was secre
tary of the State board of health. He
resigned to resume active practice in
the city of Columbia.
When asked for a statement Dr.
Williams said that he would give his
best efforts, his energy and ability tZ
make the State Hospital for the In
sane one of the leading institutions
for the treatment of insanity in the
Some time -ago Gov. Manning an
nounced that he would appoint Dr.
Geo. F. Sargent of Baltimore, Mr., as
head of the -StateCHospital for the In
sane. - After the announcement it was
brought out in the Columbia Record
that there was a constitutional pro
hibition against the appointment or
election of any but a qualified elector
to office in this State.
Tuesday'night the chief executive
gave out a statement In which he
said that the constitutional limita
tions to his original appointment
were potent, and he withdraw the
name of Dr. Sargent.
Manning Follows Recommendations
of State Pardon Board.
For the first time since he his been
chief executive, Gov. Manning has Is
#ued clemency in four cases, granting
one full pardon, one parole and two
commutations of cases. 'All of the
cases were-passed on favorably by the
board of pardons at their meeting on
Saturcay. The full pardon was given
to R. S. Bowman of Charleston, who
has served his sentence and whose
letter from New York city to the gov
ernor asking for his restoration to
itienship was published a few weeks
V-he following were the recommen
dat:%s of the pardon board on these
"State 7. R. S. Bowman, Charles.
ton county, arson. Facts show that
this party was convicted of arson and
has served his full sentence. He was
only 34 years of age when the crime
was committed, and he asked that his
citizenship. be restored. We recom
mend that this request he granted."
Full pardon granted by the governor.
"State vs. Willie Green. This is a
case ot a boy who forged an order
'or 40c on a store.. He was sentenced
the. minimum under the law of one
year, and has already served seven
months. We recommend that he be
pardoned, without delay." -This is- a
little boy, only 14 years of age, in
Marlboro county and the man on
whom he forged the order for 40c
was one of the petitioners asking for
his pardon. The governor commuted
the sentence to eight months, which
will release the boy in a few days.
"State vs. Sarah Rice, Union coun
ty, vagrancy. Sentence four months
n county jail. We recommend that
this girl be paroled upon condition
that she be sent to a rescue home in
Greenville or elsewhere to remain
there for a period of ninety days."
'he governor issued a parole in this
ase on the conditions named.
"State vs. Sarah Moore, Richland
ounty, arson. The solicitor and
udge both recommend that this sen
tence be commuted from ten to two
ears, in which recommendation the
board joins." The governor commut
d the gentence to two years.
eppelins Drop Luminous Bombs on
City of Paris.
The Zeppelin bombardment ci
Paris during the early morning of
March 21, was described by eye-wit
nesses who returned to Ne~w York
Wednesday aboard the Trrg.sylvania.
"It was a clear, starry L Jht," said
3oseph Harriman. "A bugle call
awakened us. The Zeppelin seemed
o be almost directly above us. We
ould make It out clearly, like a great
"The searchlight on Eiffel tower
and other searchlights shot their long
beams on the airship and the city's
guns let loose. They fired luminous
shells-projectiles that lighted the
sky. The glare when they exploded
was almost blinding.
"I counted six bombs that the air.
ship dropped. A tiny red light glow
d from the Zeppelin each time. This
was the only light the airship show
ed. As the bomb fell we could trace
its course by a trail of sparks.
"Several second elapsed from the
time the bombs reached the earth till
we heard the explosion. In one case.
however, a bomb fell within a few
blocks. The roar of the explosion
was terrible. The airship remained
above the city for some time-lt
seemed to me like half an hour-and
then sailed away apparently undam
Code of Laws Illegal.
According to the opinion of Attor
ney General Peeples, the code of laws
for the State are of a very doubtful
legality, due to the failure of the gen
eral assembly to properly attend to
some of the technicalities.
Merchant Marine Grows.
The United States nmerchant ma
rine Increased 135 vessels, of 485,586
tons, during the month of March.
May Mean a State Monopoly.
A prominent London paper says
the cabinet is considering the com
plete control of all alcoholic liquors.
Bernstorff's Note Muck Studied.
Th.e American government is close
ly studying the text .f Ambassador
Bemnstrff'S latest note of protest.
JAPS HAVE NO BASE
EMIASSI DENIES THE FLANTIN5
Of NAVAL STATION.
STORY FROM CALIFORNIA
Correspondent of Los Angeles Paper
Tells Story of Alleged Undue Activ
ity by Japanese Warships Operat
lng for the Supposed Purpose of
Protecting Wrecked Cruiser.
A dispatch from Los Angeles, Cal.,
declares that a large Japanese camp
has been este.blished on the shores of
Turtle Bay, Lower California, Mexico,
and the bay has been mined by Jap
anese war craft standing by the
standard cruiser Ameama, according to
a stuff correspondent of the Los An
geles Times, who has just returned
from a trip of investigation.
Three Japanese warships under
command of Admiral Nadayama,
with six colliers and supply ships
made altogether nine ships in the
vicinity. Japanese officers said they
were awaiting the arrival of a great
The correspondent declared Turtle
Bay not only had been mined, but
that ammunition had been landed
and -taken to the camp established
ashore. Preparations also were made,
he added, to land guns from the Asa
ma. .The mines were laid, the corre
spondent said he was told, as an ad
ditional precaution' against attack by
German naval vessels.
. The -warships guarding the Asama
were the Chitose, Idzumo and Tokin
jba When the correspondent sought
to get close to these vessels and to
visit the Asama he said he- was ar
rested and told that it was dangerous
to cruise about the bay.
Denied ia Washington.
An official statement authorized by
the Japanese embassy at Washington
Thursday characterized as "prepos
terous" reports that a'naval base had
been- established at Turtle Bay, Low'
6r California, Mexico, and declared
"there never has been any intention
on- the .part of the Japanese govern
ment to -locate-& naval base or occupy
any - terfitory on- the west coast of
Operations of Japanese warships in
Turtle Bay, embassy officials said,
were solely -for salvaging the strand
ed cruiser Asama. It was stated that
while detailed reports from the scene
had not been received, as the consul
general at San Francijco was hand
ling the matter, landing on the shore
of the bay probably had been found
.necessary in connection with .he sal
Of reports that a naval base had
been established, the embassy state
ment said: "It is mor.e than absurd;
it is preposterous. There -never has
been any intention on the part of the
Japanese government to locate a
naval base, or to occupy any territory
on the west coast of Mexico. A few
Japanese fishermen, about a score in
number, perhaps, frequent the waters
of this bay, but they have no connec
tion whatever with the Japanese
Los Angeles dispatches telling of
the atheingof foreign warships in
the seldd Mexican haven, of a
large camp ashore and of mines laid
in the harbor, created no sensation
aogWshington officials. Assist
ant ecrearyRoosevelt said the navy
department was without advices as to
just what had happened, but that if
anything extraordinary was going on
it certainly would have been report
ed by Americarr warships in the vicin
ity. He added it would not be un
usual If the Japanese had landed in
connection with their efforts to save
*When first news that the Asama
had gone ashore reached Washington
over the navy's wireless, every effort
was made to prevent the information
from reaching Germany before as
sistance could be sent. Admiral How
ard hastened to Turtle Bay from San
Diego, but 'before he could extend
aid, a Japanese collier and two Jap
anese warships appeared, and Ad
miral Howard steamed away..
A Japenese guard has been main
tained in the bay and vicinity since,
while Tokio has tried to make ar
rangements. with American wrecking
companies to float the Asama. In
quiries from some of these companies
as to whether relief work could be
undertaken without Isolation of neu
trality developed no opposition . on
the part of the State department,
though It was pointed out that' the
question was one for the Mexican
government to decide.
The country along the Lower Cali
fornia coast is barren and without
railroad or telegraphic communica
tion. Passing ve'ssels keep well out
to sea because of the dangerous
CAN GET DYESTUFFS.
British Ships Will Not Molest Goods
Bought Before March.
American merchants and Importers
have been invited by the state depart
ment In a circular letter to send in
for submission to the British embassy
proofs that goods purchased in Ger
many, and now in transit or awaiting
shipment, were paid for before March
1. The embassy has given assurances
that on th'e production of such proof
goods will not be interfered with by
It is understood that vast quanti
ties of merchandise, including dye
stu: s, for lack of which American
textile factories are on the verge of
shutting down, will be released for
shipment as soon as proof of their
purchace before March 1 is submit
MIL HAND SHOT.
Constable Kills Man as He Flees
From House After Arrest.
George F. Fennell, a constable,
sot and killed James Riley. a mill
hand employed by the Hampton and
Branchville Railroad Lumber com
pany at Hampton MIonday night. It
seems that the officer went to the
house of a man named Miley to arrest
Rilev, that after gaining admittance
to the house he waked Riley and told
him to put on his clothes: that Riley
jumped out of the window -and en
deavored to escape and the constable
opened fire, shooting several times.
The last shot struck Riley in the
ad, krilling him instantly.
NEGOTIATIONS HUNG Ur
PEKIN GREPORTS CONEREE1
Chinese Do Not Wish to Discus
Group Five and Request Its Elmi
nation-Toklo to be Heard From
No specific progress was recordec
at the conference in Peking Thursdai
over the Japanese demands. Ques.
tions concerning Eastern, or inner
Mongolia were discussed.
Eastern Mongolia originally wa,
grouped with South Manchuria, anm
the Japanese demands with referenc(
to these two territories are virtualll
the same, relating to right of resi
.dence by the Japanese and owner
ship of land, mining concessions; ob
ligation on the part of China. to ob
tain Japan's consent to the granting
of railway concessions to any thir
power or to the raising of a loan fron
any power for railway construction;
transfer of railways.
Owing to Chinese insistance, East
ern Mongolia and South ManchurIa
were not discussed Friday. The Jag
anese minister contended that thesi
two should be discussed on the same
basis, but Lu Cheng Hsiang, Chines4
foreign minister, argued that Japa
has no such claims in Eastern Mon
golia as in South Manchuria. H<
said, however, that China was will
ing to open treaty ports and other
wise place all foreign nations in ,
favorable position relative to trading
Lu Cheng Hsiang asked that Japai
withdraw Group 5, 'which contain:
some of the most important demand:
made by Japan, including the employ
ment of Japanese political, financia
and military advisers, and Japanes
police; Japanese supervision of thi
manufacture or purchase of China'i
war munitions and railway aid mIn
M. Hioki, the Japanese minister
said that he would communicate th4
request to Tokio. It is- understoo
that China will communicate with th4
powers if Japan insists on retainin
The Tien Tsin-Peking branch o
the American association, which in
cludes virtually all American busi
ness men of those two cities, recenty
called the attention of Secretary oi
State Bryan through the Americar
minister, Paul S. Reinsch, to wha1
was termed "the . serious nature
the Japanese demands," and askec
the American government to tak
measures to protect American inter
The appeal recently cabled direc1
to President' Wilson was signed b
seven prominent .American mission
aries. The whole missionary bodi
numbers several' hundred, but mosi
of them have not seen the document
Some of those who were requested tc
sign it refused. A
The American board sent a circu
lar to Its missionaries, instructini
them to refrain from making -anj
public announcement on political af
fairs. The Young Men's 'Christiar
association rofused to join the. pet.
tioners. American missionaries, .gen
erally favor the position taken b3
China, but few indulge in publicit3
or political activities.
ROBBERS GOT $50,000.
Steal Valuable Silks and Carry it Of
A dozen bandits held up a- Neu
York Central fast freight train a1
Sanborn, nine miles east of Norti
Tonawanda, N. Y., early Thursday
stripped several cars of bolted'silli
valued at $50,000 and sped away ir
automobile trucks upon which they
had loaded their plunder. The ban.
dits were armed with repeating rifles
and automatic pistols and fired sev
eral shots at the crew. No one wat
A posse of detectives, moutcd po.
lice and patrolmen from Buffalo
Niagara Falls and Tonawan~da reach
ed the sccne shortly after the hold
up, but several hours of searching re
sulted in no arrests. When last sees
the robbers were headed toward Buf
After forcing ti a engine crew tc
uncouple the locomotive and run it a
short distance, the enginemen and
three other members of the trair
crew were lined up against a box car
and placed under guard of a single
bandit while ,the others looted the
Four big automobile trucks were in
waiting and quickly were loaded with
the -booty. Engineer Goss escaped
the guard and, running through a~
fusilade of shots, reached his engine,
made a record run into Suspension
Bridge, eight miles away, and gave
The robbery was the most daring
of its kind ever attempted in that sec
tion, and the amount of plunder far
exceeds In value of the proceeds of
any other freight train robbery in the
history of Eastern railroading.
VIEW WITH AIA.RM.
American Missionaries Wire Regard
ing Japanese Demands.
Several prominent American mis
sionaries have cabled from Peking to
the government at Washington re
garding the recent demands made
upon China by Japan. They are said
to have stated that while they had no
wisn to interfere In diplomatic af
fairs, they thought It their duty to
call the attention of United State.s of
ficia'.s to the gravity of the situation
arising out of the Japanese demands.
The signers of the message included
Charles A. Hubbard, W. A. P. Mar
tin, former president of the Imperial
University; Chauncey Goodrich, H.
H. i.owry, president of the Peking
U'iversity; John Wherry and Ed
ward W. Thwing.
FROM FRIENDS IN AMERICA.
Three Hospital Trains Presented to
Three hospital trains, each consist
ing of an automobile with two trail
ers, have been presented to the mili
tary commander at Frankfort as a
gift "from -friends of Germany in the
United States." They were obtained
through the activity of Mrs. Taylor,
an American resident.
One of the trains will be attached
to the army of Crown ~Prince Fred
erck William, another to that of
Gen. on Hindenberg and the third to
the 18th army corps.
British Ship Torpedoed.
The British ship Ptarmigan . has
been torpedoed by a Germaan subma
rine near the North, Hinder Lightship.
ANSIERS CILEAN PROTEST 8N
SIM Of DRESULN
FULL AND AMPLE IEPLY NP
Defend Action in Violating Chiessp
Neutrality by Necessity of Crmn
venting Escape of German Cruis -
Which, it Was Feared, Intended o
Violate the Neutrality Later.
Great Britain has offered "a ful
and ample apology" to the Chilean
government for the sinking March 1A
in the Chilean territorial waters of
the German cruiser Dresden, the i
ternment of which already had bees
ordered by the maritime governor
Cumberland Bay, when the BritiA
squadron attacked and sank the Ger
This fact was made public In Lo
don Thursday night in. a white paper,
giving the texts of the 'Chilean note
proteeting against the sinking of the
Dresden and the British reply.
The note delivered by the Chiles6
minister to Great Britain says th'at
the- Dresden anchored in Cumberlaud
Bay (Juan Fernandez Island) Mar
9, and asked permission to renain
eight days for the purpose of repat*&
ing her engines. The governor i4
fused the request, as he .consideredt
unfounded and ordered the cap
to l6ave within twenty-four hours
When the British squadron appea
ed March 14 the governor was pr
ceeding to the cruiser Glasgow teBS
form the British officers of the ste
he had taken, but he hail to tiul -
back,-as the British ships opened
on the Dresden, on which a flag
truce. already had. been hoisted, and '
called. on her captain to surrend-r
The captain then gave orders to blow
up the magazine of the Dresden.
"This act of hostility committedn
Chilean territorial waters by a Brf -
ish naval- squadron,'" says the CU
lean minter, -has Tainfully surpri -
ed ny government."
Continuing, the minister says thatl.
had the dfficer in command of tlhe
British squadron received the go
ernor and been informed that the
Dresdeu -was' interned he was cd
vinced "the British commander Weild
not have-.opened fire on her .
brought -about a situation which coi
strains the Chilean government.n.:
defense of its sovereign rights, W to -r
mulate a most energetic protest."
After referring to -the hospitaft
shown British' ships in Chilean,
waters and to the long friendship1
tween the two peoples, theamita
-"Nothing--- could b
-surpkise to us than to see our -ex
tremely cordial attitude repaid b an
act which'bears unfortunately allthe
evidences, of contempt for 'our -sover
eign rights, although it'is probable
that nothing was farther from the
mind of those by whom it was un
The British government, -replying,
expresses regret that a misunder
standing- arose, and adds: "On the
facts, as stated In the commynication
of the Chilean minister,. the British
government is --prepare -to offer- a
full and ample apology to the.Chilean
It is, however, pointed -outs that
according to the British information,
the Dresden "had not accepted Intern
ment and still had her colors flying
and her guns trained."
IThe British reply continues: "If
this Is so, and if there is no means
available for. enforcing the decision
of the Chilean authorities to intern
the Dresden, she might obviously
had not the British ships taken ac
tion, have escaped, again to .attack
It Is added: "The captain of the -
Glasgow probably assumed, especial
ly in view of the past action of -the
Dresden, that she was defying the
Chilean authorities and abusing Chi
lean neutrality and was only waiting
for a~ favorable opportunity to sally
out and attack British -commerce
"In view of the time It 'would take
to clear up the circumstances and be
cause of the Chilean communication
the British government do' not wish
to qualify the apology .that they now
present to the Chilean government."
WANTS THREE WEEKS.
Kronprinz's Commander Says H.
Wants to Leave.
Lieut. Capt. Thierfelder, captain of
the German converted cruiser Kron
prinz Wilhelm, delivered- to Collector
of Customs Hamilton late Tuesday
his formal request of the United
States government for time to remaIn
in Newport News for temporary re
pairs to his ship.
T'he request was made In two let
ters, which were forwarded .to the
secretary of the treasury, and tbg~eir
conterts not divulged. It is unders
tood the German commander asked
for three weeks' time as a maximum
in which to make the Wilhelm sea
worthy, but that he'stated he w:uld
make every effort to complete repairs
and leave port' before that time.
It was learned that the stipulations
related only to temporary repairs be
cause several months would be re
ruired if all needed repairs were un
dertaken at this time.
Great Britain Puts No Obstacles OD
London reports Wednesday that
the British government has decided
against placing cotton on the contra
band list. A question was asked in
the House of Commons Wednesday
afternoon on this subjiect and N'el
Primson, under-s'ecretaryddhof reign .
affairs, on behalf ofthefoxeign. office,
replied that afte cafdil cnsidera
tion It had been found that the mili
tary advantages to be gained by de
claring cotton contraband were in
-uicient to render -such a-step expe
I-Nelson aldrich Dies- Friday. -
Nelson W. -Aldrich, fermer United
States senator from Rhode Island,
and for years prominent in Republi
can political circles, died at his home
at New York on -Friday, Heart dis
ease was the cauise of Mr. Aldrich's
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