Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1915.
ONE KILLED AND FOUR WOUND=
ED IN SHOOTING FRIDAY
MILITIA TAKES CHARGE
Executive Committee Meets to Can
vass Votes--Fusilade Starts and
Results Fatally to Sidney Cohen,
Reporter of the Charleson Post
Hyde and Grace Make Statemenb.
Just after the stroke of twelve
o'clock Friday at Charleston, a di
turbance developed just outside
the room where the executive com
mittee was about to open the meet
jug for .canvassing the recent pri
mry election vote, and suddenly a
fusilade of shots broke out In the
committee room, causing the death
of Sidney J. Cohen, a reporter for
- the Charleston Evening Post, and
the wounding of H. L. Wilencky,
W. E. 1ingate, W. A. Turner and
jeramlah O'Bien. Mr. Turner is
seriously wounded -in the right
lung. Mr. Wingate has a scalp
wound that is serious and Mr.
Wilensky .is shot In the arm, and
Mr. O'Brien in the ankm..
- Charleston, October 15.-As the
executive committee was about to
meet this morning, just before the
approach of noon, for the purpose of
canvassing the vote of the primary
election held here Tuesday -to deter
mine upon a mayor for the- city of
Charleston, there developed en the
outside of theL room where the com
mittee was meeting a difficulty of the
most serious kind, which for a time
threatened to assume larger propor
The committee room was crowded.
. City Chairman.Joseph A. Black call
ed on the police to clear the room of
all ~except the members of the execu
tive committee. It was just about
this time that the trohble broke. As
to just how It started all sorts -of
rumors have been circulated. The
-confusioz appears to have begun
when the .room was being cleared of
One or more altercations were be
gun, it is stated, and suddenly a pis
tol shot rang out, followed closely.by
others, twelve shots being accounted
for. A crowd in an ante-room tried
to gain admittance, while persons in
the.room sought safety. Several men
-went out of windows. Mr. Cohen was
about to pass through a window
when he was mortally wounded in the
side. Wild confusion - reigned for
With the disorder -at its height
and the crowd in the street steadily
increasing, some person turned in the
fire alarm and engines responded to
the box at King and George streets.
Recetving a hurry call, Sheriff J.
Elmore Martin and a body of depu
ties hurried in.automobiles from the
county court house to the scene of
. The militia and deputies were-Jhe
ing held in readiness under orders
from Gov. Manning because of rep
resentations to him - that various
threats of violence against the com
mittee, and especially against Chair
man -Black, had been reported.
unde Cap. Hary0. Withington.
armory~ up *King street, the crowd
getting out of its way.
- About twnyminutes after the
flrst Mayor Grace reached the scene.
.Meanwhile, toballot boxesan
two club roll books are known te
have -been thrown out of windows
-Into the street, these later being re
ported by the -police as recovered.
With little or no warning to the
members of the committee and the'
others who had gathered in the room
where the vote was to be gone ove
a fusilade of shots broke out In the
presence of the men. The cause o'
the shooting is not known, nor is r~
known exactly who started the a!
fray. Policemen rushed into the
room as soon as possible after the
shooting, and for a short space were
-busy overcoming those who were en
gaged in the fighting in the commit
- The police have arrested H. J
Brown, Edwin McDonald. 3.3J. Healy
Conrad Stender, 3. H. Steenken anc'
Max Goldman. No charges have beer
preferred against these -men but they
are being held at the police station
Goldman proved to be seriously
'wounded by a blow upon the head
and was later transferred to the Ro
per hospitalfor treatment.
After -clearing th'e room the at
tention of those who had come upor
the scene was quickly given to thr
.men who were laying on the. floor
where they had fallen after beinr
shot. Sidney 3. Cohen, of the Char
leston Evening Post, was remove"
and his wounds were found to be o
a mortal nature. It was apparen
that he had little time to live, but b
was rushed t'o the hospital, where h'
later died. The other men who wer
wounded are H. L. Wilensky, W. E
Wingate, W. A. Turner and Jerr'
O'Brien. Turner is wounded ver
badly, a bullet penetrating his rigb
lung, and the wounds of Wingate ar
causing concern. -Ho has a scal'
wound and a hole in the hip, both o
which are expected to give trouble
Wilensky was shot in the arm an(
O'Brien was wounded in the ankle.
The wounded men were rushed te
the hospital where all of them excep
Sidney Cohen received attentiot
-which brought them some relief. Mr
Cohen's wound was such that little
could be done for him.
There was a large crowd in King
and George, streets as the committee
men began to gather for the meeting
The people appeared to be awaiting
the results of the gathering. A large
assignment of city policemen were in
charge and up to the very moment o'
the shooting the order of the crowd
had been good. The police took
'charge of two boxes thrown from the
windows of the room where the com
mittee were and they are now at the
. Sheriff Martin and several score of
deputies hurried to the scene of the
disorder. The militia companies
were ordered to their armories to
make ready for taking charge of the
streets and to quell any subsequen'
disorder. At twelve-thirty a com
mand of militia under the direction
of Captain Withington marched to
the scene and took charge of the
street and building along with the
deputies and policemen. In the af
ternoon everything became quiet in
the neighborhood of the terrible af
The militia had been assemled in
it armorie ndr when the call to
GRACE MAKES STATEMENT;
MAJOR HYDE ALSO TALKS
"Most Frightful Thing in City's His
tory," Says Hyde-Grace Asks
People for Calmness.
Major Hyde Friday night made the
"The terrible affair, which happen
ed at the meeting of the executive
committee to-day, has shocked me
deeply and distressed me beyond
measure. It is one of the most
frightful things in the political his
tory of the city, and is in itself a
complete indictment of the conditions
which exist in Charleston to-day. I
deplore especially the wholly unnec
essary loss of life, which occurred,
and I solemnly pledge to the people
of Charleston that nothing of the
kind shall happen during my admin
istration as mayor."
Mayor Grace said:
"In the name of God, I trust that
our people may compose themselves
during this awful and extraordinary
crisis. I have done everything to
preserve peace and order. In the
midst-of that profound peace we find
ourselves face to face with innocent
blood. It is not for me to fix the
guilt at this time. Nor will I further
aggravate the tension by even ex
pressing an opinion. I truly hope,
though, that justice may be done,
and that no guilty man will escape,
be he high or low. -
"In the meantime let us make
every effort to be calm. Let us put
aside all hypocrisy and look facts
and not factionalism serenely in the
face, letting the chips of truth fall
where they may. The issue has
grown far beyond the outcome of any
mere election. It is one of elemen
tal civilization. Let us by our con
duct convince the world that we are
able to.govern ourselves. The mill
tia can only add to our difficulties.
Everything had been calmed down by
the police long before the soldiers
arrived on the bloody scene to-day.
The police are, and always will be,
able to h1andle the situation."
service came the men were ready.
The sheriff, after personal 'touch,
gave- a notice for Col. Blythe about
the gravity of the situation, and in a
few minutes the Washington Light
nfantry was marching from its
When the militia neared the scene.
with fixed baydnets, few persons were
disposed to dispute the right of way.
One man, appeared to be trying to
tease by staying in the middle of
King street, but an officer's com
mand to move was quickly obeyed.
-Eye-witnesses stated that the com
ing of the soldiers had an immediate
effect on the crowd, and after the
formation of a hollow square the sol
diers had no difficulty in preserving
order. During the day many per
sons volunteered their services to the
Many people, egged by curiosity,
loitered for a long while in the neigh
borhood and many wild rumors gain
ed currency. It was difficult to run
down all these reports.
For some time, it is stated, ru
mors and mutterings that serious dis
?rde. would occur in connectioV
with the primary election had reach
ed the executive committee. The re
ports indicated that the committee
would not be allowed to perform its
It was because of these reports and
the fears that the meeting of the
ommittee to declare the election
would bring trouble, which were ex
pressed, that Sheriff Martin and City
hairman Black communicated with
the governor, asking that protection
Exclusive of the returns in the box
from Club 2 of Ward 10. which has
been protested by. two of the man
tgers, the tabulated returns for the
rimary election gave ilajor Hyde a
najority of 109 over Mayor Grace.
The Grace major'ity in the box is
'laimed to be eight odd, and Hyde
supporterd have claimed that, includ
ing the protested box, their candidate
has a clear majority. The number of
~hallenged votes is stated by the
Hyde people to be about fifty, and
that they were pretty evenly divided.
n the face of the tabulated returns
the candidates for alderman at large
endorsed by Major Hyde have majlor
Just when the committee will re
ume its m'eeting is not known. Col.
. M. Blythe of the First Regiment.
was in Charleston in command of the
militiamen. Gen. Moore is out of
the state in Jacksonville. The entire
;econd regiment was held inreadiness
or a call to go to Charleston should
there be further trouble.
(Associated Press Dispatch.)
The wounded were rushed to hos
otals, but little could be done for
Mr. Cohen, whose wound in the right
side was mortal. There was a large
"rowd in King and George streets.
awaiting events, and a large assign
!nent of city police were in charge.
J to the time of the shooting, -the
rder had been normal.
In fact, the outbreak in the room
iext to the executive committee
oom, which, according to general re
'ort appears to have culminated in
he deplorable affair in the commit
e room, where policemen were also
~tationed, apparently precipitated
:uch a steiden outbreak, that It was
mpossible to quell the disturbance
'or a few minutes, and several shots
xere fired. Soon affer the pande
nonium in the executive committee
-oom wore itself out, consumed by its
wn passion, the work of assisting
the wounded set in.
Sheriff Martin, with several score
deputies, hurried to the scene, and
the Washington Light Infantry and
German Fusilliers, ordered to their
armories, were in readinies., The mi
litia at twelve-thirty marched to the
scene and assumed charge of the or
der, along with the city police and
special deputies. Friday afternoon,
at one-forty-five, it is generally
GERMANS GAIN AT SOUCIHEZ
Desperate Assaults Along French
Lines Bear Fruit.
In a series of desperate assaults,
preceded by a destructive bombard
ment with heavy guns, the Germans
Wednesday succeeded in penetrating
the French trenches in a wood near
Souchez. says a London report.
This information is contained in
both German and French official re
norts. the latter. while describing the
fighting in more detail than the for
er. insisting that the 9,aults were
repulsed with heavy loss except in the
imited area specified. Intense artil
lery actions are reported at points
souith of the Somme and thence along
the front to the Moselle.
POLICE IN THE ROW
CHARLESTON OFFICERS FIRED
GIUNS INTO CROWDED ROOM
CHIEF SHOT AT BROWN
Witnesses Describe Affray-Chair
man Black's Appeals for Order Dis
regarded as Sergeant Pulls Gun on
Him-Witness Saw Policeman in
Uniform Fire Four Times.
Stories of eye-witnesses of ' the
shooting in the executive committee
room at Charleston on Friday which
eventuated in the killing of Sidney J.
Cohen and the wounding of four oth
er men agree that there was wild dis
order and that the police of Charles
ton took part in it. Shots were fired,
clubs used, citizens hustled and beat
en, according to these accounts.
A staff correspondent of The State
says Chief Cantwell of the Charles
ton police force is said to have wield
ed his pistol in the fracas. J. J.
Healya deputy sheriff, said: "Chief
Cantwell fired a shot at Henry Brown
while several men were holding
Brown. Some one, I think Mr. Rob
son, grabbed Chief Cantwell's hand
with the pistol in it and begged him
not to shoot."
J. W. Robson, an East Bay mer
chant, said: "I saw with my own eyes
several persons rush at a man whom
I did not know and 'force him back,
about half-sitting, at the middle win
dow on the east side of the building.
Chief Cantwell came up and delib
erately flred with his pistol at his
head. I caught his arm and said,
'Don't do that! Don't do that!'" Mr.
Robson is a member of the commit
tee. He was present at the meeting
from the start and did not leave the
room until all was over.
Conrad Stender says he saw one
man in a window on the east side of
the room, with three or four men
crowding him. "While this was go
ing on, 1 saw Chief Cantwell come up
with his pistol in his hand and fire a
shot at this man's head. In the con
fusion I did not recognize the man.
I saw no pistol in his hand."
Nath. B. Barnwell, a member of
the committee, said: "In the midst
of the shooting, Chief Cantwell dash
ed into the room with a drawn pistol
and when he. got into the room he
raised it and I believe fired."
Mayor Grace, it is said, had been
"out of the city," and Henry P. Wil
liams, alderman, directed, as mayor
pro tem, the police dispositions for
dispersing the mob that had been at
tracted by the shooting. The mayor
appeared within about twenty min
Joseph A. Black, chairman of the
city'Democratic executive committee.
is positive that the first shot was fired
n the anteroom. "On seeing pistols
flourishing there," he said, "I hur
ried to the telephone to notify Sheriff
artin o fthe trouble. Some man,
quite an old man, cut at me with a
knife. I dodged and he slightly
wounded my left arm." Capt. Black
said he then appealed to Police Ser
geant Quinn to restore order, but the
sergeant's reply was. to draw a re
volver on him.
"Some man in the crowd called
ut. 'Here is the - -- --, I'll get
im,' and he threw his pistol up at
e. Tbinking I was in for a shot, I
nstictively put my arm before my
ace. At this moment a short was
fired from the direction from which
his man was coming. Then I saw
the young newspaper man (Sidney 3.
ohen) on the floor at my feet.
"I pulled away and at that time
ome one else was yelling, 'There
oes the - - - we want.' I saw
hief Cantwell at the window-with a
pistol in his hand as though he were
oing to shoot some one who was
ending over at the~ window. I can
not say whether h~e shot or not. I
have made it a rule to go unarmed
all the time I have been serving as
hairman of the executive committee.
am a strong Hyde supporter-every
hairman is a strong supporter of one
side of the other-but I have dealt
fairly with both sides. Some of the
best men in the city are on my com
mittee and though dissension devel
oped early, we could have got on
pretty well if it had not been for
trouble from the outside."
"Who or what started the shooting
do not know and I can not say I
saw anybody actually shoot anybody
else," said Nath. B. Barnwell, a mem
ber of the committee. Mr. Barnwell
has served several terms in the lower
house of the general assembly as a
ember from Charleston. He is a
"A commotion started in the ante
room," Mr. Barnwell said, "and from
where I was sitting it looked as
though a fight was going on. I heard
oldman's name mentioned. I. heard
a pistol shot in the anteroom and the
rowd came breaking into the com
"The only man I recognized was
. E. Wingate, who had been stand
ing in the doorway and who came in
at the head of the crowd. The pohice
man in the doorway was swept aside.
s the crowd surged in the shooting
started, a regular fusillade, apparent
ly from sevedal pistols. In the midst
of the shooting Chief Cantwell dash
ed into the room with pistol drawn,
and when he got inside he raised it
and. I believe, fired, although the
scuffle of people trying to get out
prevents me from being positive os to
this. I did not see Mr. Cohen shot
and did not know until afterward
that he was shot. I was unarmed.
When I left several men wvere on the
floor. I recognized among them only
W. E. Wingate. There were in the
building amply sufficient policemen
o prevent any disorder, but when the
shooting started they were conspicu
ously absent from the conmmittee
"I had suggested to the chairman
that it would expedite matters to
have the witnesses in the anteroom
nd he told the police that he wanted
o one allowed in the committee
room except the members of the comi
mittee and the attorneys and no one
In the outer room except witnesses.
[ then went with Capt. Black and
assisted in breaking the seals and
opening the door into the committee
"When the door had been opened
the crowd came in. including comn
initteemen, policemen and others.
Capt. Black repeated his instructions..
hut up to the time of the rioting
there was still 'i the room some per
sons who had not been gotten out.
A~ll of the policemen except two had
left the room and these two Capt.
mlack and directed to stand in the
door and keep guard. One of them
did stand in the door, but the other
was near the window and the crowd
was penned up against the door."
W. B. Hogan, a special deputy
sheriff, escorted from Hyde head
quarters to the committee rooms nine
citizens whose votes had been .chal
lenged. He was stopped at the door
by the policemen on watch there.
"On Grace men were passed," the
deputy asserted; "I saw Wingate,
Frank Hogan and others allowed to
"Chief Cantwell called. out to the
men (the challenged Hyde voters),
'Come in you, cowards, don't be scar
ed to come in.' I heard several pistol
shots in the room. I saw a man come
sliding down a pole. When he got to
the bottom Policeman Quinn and sev
eral other police officers took hold
of him and clubbed him. I asked
who the man was 'and was told- it was
"George Rentiers toolt hold of
Goldman and tried to 'protect him
from the policemen. Rentiers'said,
'Don't strike the man,' but the police
raised their clubs. I interfered and
Policeman Dawson abused me, but I
drew my pistol and . showed- hini my
authority as'"a deputy. Goldman was
pretty badly beaten and was bleeding
about the head."
Goldman's troubles seem to have
started before he left the committee
rooms, from which he departed by
way of a window, a balcony and. a
telephone pole. - *One of the .Hyde
watchers,' John J. Healy, said he was
standing in the -doorway between the
two rooms ordered eyerybody out ex
"Rentiers came out," Healy said,
'"with Max Goldman behind him.
Willie O'Brien started to strike Gold
man and Rentiers told him he was
too small for him.to strike."
G. Simms McDowell "saw a man
jump from one of the windows, hug
a pole and slide down." "Just as
soon as he struck the ground," Mr.
McDowell- said, "I say a policeman
in uniform beat him with his club on
the head several time."
G. Jeff McDowell, general agent
for the Southern States Life. Insur
anc.. company-a former resident of
Columbia-was also a witness to the
clubbing of Goldman by policemen
"I saw Goldman come out of the win
dow, without his hat," Mr. McDowell
said. "Helumped.-from.the v.eranda.
to a telephone pole and came down to
the street. I a few seconds there was
a large crowd of pilecemen holding
their hands and clubs in the air in a
position to catch him as he came
down. Several policemen.clubbed Mr.
Goldnian unmercifully. It was the
most disgraceful manhandling of a
citizen I have ever' seen.' He was
clubbed and jerked about and car
ried off by the policemen."
Still another eye-witness to the
mishandling of Goldman was the rec
tor of :St. Luke's Episcopal church;
the Rev. Louis G. Wood. Standing
at King and George streets, Mr.
Wood heard the shooting upstairs.
"Immediately afterward," he said,
"one man, in escaping, climbed down
a telephone pole. Before he reached
the ground he was seized, and, I am
iDformed, badly beaten. The crowd
was so dense and the confusion so
great that I could not see the man
when he was on the ground, but I
saw a. club-raised while he was being
pulled fro mthe pole, as if to strike
John McCrady, a civil . engineer,
who was in attendance on the meet
ing as a witness, also beheld - the
Goldman incident. "I saw .)ax Gold
man standing on the little balcony,"
Mr. McCrady said. "Soon afterward
I saw him climbing down a telephone
pole. Before he reached the bottom
he was seized by two pilecemen. He
was severely beaten over .the head
with a club and was bleeding freely."
George Rentiers, who had shielded
Goldman from O'Brien in. the com
mittee room, was taken outside under
arrestand reached the street in time
to see Goldman clubbed.."I saw Maxy
Goldman climbing down a police," he
said. "I saw a policeman knock him
in the head with his. club as .he came
down." Rentiers declares O'Brien
attempted an assault on Goldman
several nights ago in King street.
Goldman was bundled into a patrol
wagon and taken away under arrest,
but was released *after giving bail
and having his scalp wounds dressed.
A wild clangor of fire bells gave
numbers of Charlestonians their first
intimation that the half expected riot
had occurred. Somebody in the ex
citement turned in an alarm.
Harry L. Wilenski, one of the men
injured, was reappointed by Mayor
Grace only the night before the riot
to the position of meter inspector, a
sinecure he had held for a year and
which it is understood on all sides
was in part a reward for political ser
W. E. Wingate, "Big Wingate."
has been for some time regarded as
an unofficial bodyguard of the mayor.
"I can't be positive how many
shots were fired in the committee
room," said J. Waties. Waring. He
was present at the hearing to repre
sent certain challenged voters, lHe
said that there was a heavy move
ment of the men in the anteroom to
the committee room. He did, not
know who fired the shots.
Conrad Stender, a member of the
executive committee, described the
fight as follows:
"I was in the hall at the meeting
of the executive committee when the
shooting started. It started in, the
hallway and apparently a shot was
fired into the .committee room. Im
mediately there was great confusion,
several shots and presently a fusil
lade of shots. Almost immediately. I
saw a man named Brothers, who is
known to be a Grace partisan, ad
vancing towards Committeeman Mc
Donald. I stood up and waved .him
back, saying: 'Stop.' Then there was
a fusillade of shots fired and I saw
one man in a window on tho east side
of the room with three or four men
crowding him. While th'is was going
on I saw Chief Cantwell come up with
his pistol in his hand and fire a shot
at this man's head. In the confusion
I did not recognize the man. I saw
no pistol in his hand. Why the man
was not hit I do not know. So far as
I know it missed him. While I was
watching this. some one struck men
on the head with a club from- behind.
I was dazed somewhat and subse
rjuently had to go to my home, but I
ust remember seeing Policeman La
fourcade come up with a pistol point
ed and I grabbed his hand and said:
'Man. for God's sake don't shoot.' I
scarcely remember any more, being in
somewhat a dazed condition. I went
home and lay down."
John J. Hlealy said that he was at;
the executive conmmttee room. King,
and George streets. "I was there as
a watcher.'' he said. "in M\ayor
Hyde's interest. stationed there wvith
several others. I was standing at the
door between the two rooms. when
Capt. Bilack ordered everybody ex
cept committeemen to get out of the
FRENCH FOREIGN MINISTERt
RESIGNS FROM WAR CABINET
Theophile Delcasse Quits Government
-"Ill Health" Reason Assign
ed-Clash in House.
The government of France, of
which Rene Viviani is the head, -e
ceived a decisive vote of confidence in
the French Chamber of. Deputies
Wednesday night-372 to 9-after a
long and exciting session, in which
the government's war policy, particu
larly that relating to 'lhe Ballians,
was severely criticised by leaders rep
resenting the important committees
of foreign, military and naval af
fairs... .. - .
The debate was signalized -.atthe
outset by the announcement by Pre
mier Viviani of- the resignation of
the fb1'ign 'ministe'; Teheophile Del-.
caise, whicli had een accepted, M.
Viviani assuming the portfolio of for
eign affairs to the piesidency of the
council. .. -
- Th4 .final vote did not disclse.the
extent of the opposition to the gov
.ernment,.as those who led.the:attack.
withheld their-totes' on the ground
that the government liad not pre
sented a sufficient explanation to
permit members to vote intelligently.
. The result was none-the-less ent
sidered a notable tribute to the
strength of the ministry at the mo
ment of losing the minister who had
shaped the foreilgn iolicies. thedugh
out the war, and because of a con
certei. moyement agains;.the entire
minis.try. -t. tb--e-tir.
Betweri 120 and 130 deputies ab
stained from voting. These included
most of the Unified Socialist'. Twen
ty of .them,t however,- votea. for the
government.- The. -dissehtlieit nine
were made up of four Unified Social
ists and'.five sSocialist Radicals.
..The tessioi wa.. one. t the .mot
turbulent in recent years. the disor
der becoming so great., , e..fnl
vote &as!beiig .taken tb the t*esi
dent left the chamberad the lights
were extinguished in order to sup
press the violent outbreak of one of
the opposing members.
The chief criticism of the Opposi
tion was directed against the govern
ing to avert Bulgaria's understanding
with Germany and lack of energy in
failing to arrange for an ample land
ing force at Saloniki to offset the
German and Bulgarian move in the
Maxy Goldman 'behind him. Willie
O'Brien started to strike Maky Gold
man and. Rentiers.told him he was
too small for him to strike.. Theii
Rentiers and O'Briei started to get
into an argument and Frank Hogah
started td argue witfi him.' William
Wingate then caught Rentiers from
the back with his arm around Ren
tiers' neck. I caught. Wingate's arm
and told him to turn Rentiers loose.
When Rentiers turned around Harry
Wilenski took ~a .pistol out of Ren
tiers' back pocket and they all hol
lered 'arrest him! and Sergt. Quinn
took him off. Then the commotion
started in the door. Fosberry and
Frank Hogan started to abuse me
.nd in'the-'eoiif'on Chief Cantwbll2
tok-a- pistol.out of my .pocket. I had -
the pistol as a deputy constable, ap
pointed by Sheriff Martin.
"The shooting. started in the door,
and Chief Cantwell and Mr. Turner 3
Logan came in with drawn guns
pointing inside. I begged them not
to shoot. Mr. Logan put his. gun
own, but Chief Cantwell fired a shot
at Henry Brown, while several were2
oding Brown. I think Mr. Robson
rabbed Chief 'Cantwell's hand with
pistol and begged him not -to shoot." I
Ie said- that two hours later he was 1
rdered under arrest by Mayor Grace C
and Chief Cantwell for carrying, con-r
ealed weapons. Healy put up a cashs
bond 'off twentw dollars ~and was re-c
leased. late last- night.
Joseph H. Hiott was present at the
eeting of the executive committeed
o testify in behalf of his brother, 1
eorge A. Hiott, whose .vote had been
"Mr..- Black, -the chairman," saide
Mr. Hiott, "asked the police depart- 1;
ent to see that everybody was putt
out of the room except the executive
ommittee. I stepped just outside of
the doorway back into the room from
the .executive committee-. room. Mya
two brothers were with me. As I dids
this I saw a young man from thet
navy yard, named George Rentiers; i
two men were cursing him. One wase
big Wingate. Thiey grabbed hold ofa
him and then a policeman grabbed
him about the neck and they arrested
entiers. I never saw Rentiers riae.
"They carried him out of the room.
minute or so later the shooting be
gan. The shooting was In the room.
Ican not say who the-men were who
shot, but I did see a policeman in
uniform shoot. He shot four or five
shots through the doorway into the
committee room. . After that there
were s many shots that I and my!
brothers went out. In trying to get
ut- some .one hit me.''
Only city policemen' were on guard
at the executive committee hall on
King strept when the. fatal shooting ~
ccurred.' Gov. Lianning had on the
night before instructed Col. E. M.
3ythe of -Greenville. .First Infantry,
to proceed to Charleston~ and take
charge of the several- companies that
had. been ordered to be in readiness
forduty. Sheriff Martin had a large
number of special deputies sworn in.
The question was. raised, to-day as to
why the militia and. the special con
stables were 'not present to prevent
the trouble. It was pointed out that
the sheriff has no .power to i pterfere
in municipal affairs until the local of
ficers have failed to cope with the sit
The police having failed to keep
order. Chairmau Black -telephoned I
the sheriff and the deputies were sent
mm'ediately. The militia arrived a
few minutes afterwards and e::sily
dispersad the large crowd which had I
gathered on King street.s
The militia remained on duty ally
night,- a strict military zone beinga
maintained by the executive commit-d
tee. All the boxes containing the-.
otes of the recent municipal election
were stored in the building. '
Cl. Blythe spent- the night at ah
hotel, arising early to take charge oft
the troops. He refused to discuss thei
situation, declaring that he had 1xaen
sent to Charleston .to maintain o. ,er
regardles of faction.
Money Loaned to Greece.
According to, a. Milan dispatchf
sent via Paris 'Friday France anidT
England through their. banks have I
lent the Greek nation five million dol
Occupies Twelve Islands.
Berlin says Friday that Italy hasr
eupied twelve islands in the easternv
SPEND MUCH MONEY
NATIONAL GOVERNMENT NEEDS
$1,200,000,000 NEXT YEAR
DEFICT MOST BE MET
Departmental Estimates Are Ready
- for Congressional Leaders-Treas
ury Has Authority to Issue Bonds,
But This May Not Be Resorted to
it. Defense Plans ai-e Permanent.
The largest estimates of govern
ment expenditures' ver submitted to
the- secretary of the treasury of the
United States in time of peace will be
presented for the next fiscal year for
discussio4_ by congressional. commit
tees in -advance of the regular -ses
sion. - They will be examined in <detail
by President Wilson and his cabinet
With an estimated increase for na
tional defense of about $150,000,000
over last yeartogether with the cost
of -new, duties imposed on. the state
department and other- branches- of
the government by reason of the war,
it is-possiblethe amount of the pro
posed appropriation' will be augment
ed to a total of about $1,240,000,
000. If congress agrees to the ad
ministration prograi nfor strengthen
ing the army- and 'navy it will be
obliged to provide for additional rev
enue legislation or the executive
branch of the government must issue
Although no. estimate of receipts
for thefisal year beginning July -1,
1916, 1a1 which the increased- expen
litures will take effect has been
nade bySecretary McAdoo, .officials
idiwre- convinced they can. not count
apon more than $750,000,000 for the
twelve months, and some believe the
total income will not be over $700,
Congress is to be asked to pass
.o. .eveue m.eures..ey In .the.
oming session, one extending the
mergency war tax which expires
December 31, and the other provid
ng for retention of the present duty
>n sugar. Passage of these meas
ires, however, would not increase the
resent revenues.- With both in ef
ect at present there has been a de
Icit of $35,000,000.
Estimates for government depart
nents, except state, war and navy,
Lre- virtually. the same .as last year.
Additional forces in the diplomatic
Lnd consular seriice and at the state
epartment and extraordinary ex
)enses abroad in the work being
lone by American embassies and le
ations will require an increase of
tbout $1,300,000 for the state de
>artment. The $2,0.00,000 appro
>riated by congress as an emergency
var fund for use of that department
tas almost been spent, but much of
t alregdy has been or will be reim
>ursed, so that the reappropriation
vill -not represent any real. expense.
The or.dinary disbursements of the
;overnment last year were about
,732,000,000. If the receipts are as
uch as $750,000,000 in the coming
,ear and the appropriations of all
;overnment departments . but the
tate, war and navy remain the same,
here still would be, with the added
udget for national defense, an esti
ated deficit of more than $135,000,
The secretary of the treasury now
as authority to issue 'Panama canal
onds to the amount of $240,000,
00. That would be a temporary
emedy, however, and may not be re
orted to if the administration pro
eeds 'on the theory that the govern
sent will maintain the same rate of
xpenditures for national defense
uring coming years as now is being
roposed for the next session of con
Estimates for the department of
ommerce will show an increase over
sst year's total--$16,774,000-if
hey are agreed upon in the form
ow befor'e Secretary Redfield. The
rincipal request for more money
'ill come from the bureau of foreign
.nd domestic commerce, which do
ires to take advantage of the oppor
unity afforded by the war to extend
ts foreign trade organization. The
oast and geodetic survey wants an
ppropriation for a thorough survey
f the Alaskan coast.
The department of labor contem
lates few changes in estimates,
~hch last year amounted to $4,443,
Estimates -for the post office de
aftment will be slightly above the
29 9,0 00,0 00 estimated -for the pros
nt year. The increase is credited to
he automatic promotions of carriers
nd clerks provided for by congress,
acreased pay for railway transporta
ion in the Middle States and the nat
ral -growth of the system. Esti
ates for the department as a whole
ere prepared with a view to resump
ion of normal peace conditions.
In the interior department. esti
ates are less thani the appropriation
if $210,000,000 ~for the current
ear, excluding $8,000.000 for con
truction of the government railroad
Secretary Houston of the depart
ent of agriculture had not complet
d his estimates but they will not
ary much from the present appro
iation of thout twenty-four million
DESTROY fiERMAN TRADE
~ritish Submarines Play Havoc
Among Baltic Shipping.
British submarines in the Baltic
ae sunk ten German ore carrying
teamers and have completely paral
zd the ore trade between Sweden
nd Germany. This has caused some
issatisfaction in Sweden and it is
hirged that two steamers were sunk
ithin Swedish terrijtorial waters.
'he British assert, however, that they 1
ave been observing studiously in
ernational law and have been sink
ag only German steamers.
Aviator Has Fatal Fall.
Lieut. Walter A. Talliafero. sta- 1
ioned at the United States army avi
tion corps school at North Island.,
eli one thousand feet into San Diego
say Monday and was killed, is
ody has not been recovered.
Pensacola Retains Liquor.
Escambia County. Florida, voted
get by approximately one thousand
njority out of' thirty-five hundred
otes cast in a special wet and dIry1
letin helci Tuesday.
BALKAN STATES NOW HOLD
CENTER OF WAR INTEREST
Speculation as to Russia-Italy Ready
to Join Allies-Operations
on Other Fields.
London reports much speculation
as to how Russian assistance will be
afforded the allied expedition to aid
Serbia. Italy has a large number 4f
troops available and the means of
moving them to the desired spot, but
Russia is handicapped, and there Is
an inclination here to believe a re
port from Rome that Petrograd has
asked Roumania to allow Russian
troops to pass through her territory.
To grant such a request would be
construed by Germany as tantamount
to Roumania's definite alliance with
the Entente, and doubtless would re
sult in Austro-Germau troops attack
ing Roumania. This, it is thought,
might happen any way, as Germany
already has shown her displeasure at
Roumania's refusal to allow muni
tions to pass through to Turkey, and
now it is reported that Germany has
suspended the postal service and is
holding. up all foodstuffs consigned
to Roumania over 'German railways
until Bucharest more clearly defines
its attitude toward the central pow
The French premier, M. Viviani,
had more cheering news for the al
lied cause when in the French senate
he expressed the belief that "'the al
lies can count on Italian co-operation
in the Balkans."
These diplomatic questions are not
delaying military operations. Bul
garia formally declared war on Ser
bia and the Austro-German and Bul
garian attacks on Serbia are proceed
ing. They are, however, meefing
stern resistance; and the Serbians
are giving ground foot by foot. The
extent of the Bulgarian invasion, ac
cording to a Nish dispatch, consists
of -an advance over the frontier at
one point of a mile. With this excep
tion, says the report, the fighting
line remains intact, and the railways
have not been reached. .
It is reported also that the Allies
have begun a new offensive in the
Dardanelles. The Russians are con
tinifing tbeir attacks ln~Galidia in aE
effort to clear the 4ustrians from the
Roumanian frontier and prevent
them from sending further reinforce
ments against Serbia.
In fact, there appears to be a gen
eral attack on all the German fronts.
The British and French, Berlin re
ports have attacked in Flanders and
Champagne, while the German offi
cial report of the campaign in Russia,
is a record of counterattacks against
the Russian endeavoring to regain
Even the Belgian - is not ex
cepted. British monitors'a
bombarded German positions there.
ZEPPELINS KILL FIFTYFIVE
IN AIR RAID ON LONDON
odon Reports no Serious Damage
Berlin Says "Important Explo
sions and Great Fires."
Fifty-five persons were killed and
114 injured by bombs dropped'by the
Zeppelins which raided London Wed
esday night. Fourteen of the.kill
d and thirteen of the wounded were
oldiers. The English people are
reatly wrought up over the attack
nd' are demanding reprisals.
London reports: "The press bureau
f the war office announces that a
leet of hostile airships visited the
astern counties and a portion of
ondon area Wednesday night and
"Anti-craft guns of the Royal
ield Artillery attached to the cen
ral force were in action and an air
hip was seen to heel over on its side
nd to drop to a lower altitude.
"Five aeroplanes of the Royal Fly
ng corps went up, but, owing to at
nospheric conditions, only one aero
lane succeeded in locating an air
hip. This aeroplane, however, was
inable to overhaul the airship before
t was lost in the fog.
"Some houses were damaged and
everal fires were started, but no se
ious damage was caused to military
naterial. All fires were soon got:
inder control by the fire brigade.
"The following military casualties.
n addition. to the ones announced:
ast night, have been reported:
"Fourteen killed and thirteen
"The home office announces the
~ollowing casualties other than the
nilitary casualties reported above:
Men Women Children Total
illed . .27 9 5 41
nured 64 30 7 101
Totals 91 39 12 1421
"Of these casualties thirty-two
:lled and ninety-five injured were
n the London area and the figures
aclude those previously announced."
Berlin reports: "The German air
~hips .during the night of October 13
4 attacked the city of London and
earby important establishments as
eil as the batteries of Ipswich.
"Several attacks were made espe
ially on the city of London.
"The docks of London, the water
orks at Hampton, near London, and
'oolwich also were heavily bombard
d with incendiary bombs.
"At all the places attacked impor
ant explosions and great fires were
"All the airships returned safely.1
Ihough the:' were vigorously at
acked on passing over the English1
ALL COTTON CONTRABAND 1
reat Britain D~ecides to Bar Alli
Piece Goodls and Cotton Products'.
Sir Edward Grey, the secretary for
oreign affairs. stated in the House
f Commons Tuesday that in addi
ion to raw cotton. cotton waste and
otton yarn, which have been de
'lared contraband, it w'as intended
orthwith to declare as contraband
otton piece gods and other pro- 4
ucts and prohibit the export to neu
ral countries contiguous to Germany
nd Austria of such goods,- capable
f being used in the manufacture ,of1
Greek Vessel Torpedoed.
The Greek steamer Ditrimos. own
d in Andos. was torpedoed October
by an Austrian submarirle south
~at of Sicily, according to a comn
unication from the British legation
o the Havas correspondent at
FAIL TO* PlIOlIESS
RUSSIAN FRONT. IS BECOMING
STRONGER EVERY DAY
OERMANS CAN'T ABYANCE
Teutonic Invaders Have Been Stopped
Between Two Strong Positions
Must Go FoirAard or Betrest
Russian Lines. are Holding Firm in
North--Gains In South.
Petrograd'reports in. a special arti
cle to the London Chronicle: The sit
nation on the Russian front is grow
ing better every aay. The German
offensive Is paralyzed and the Rus
sians are 'graduilly recovering the,
initiative. As a -result of their five
months' campaign, the Germans not
only have not stcceeded in forcing
the Russian army to. its knees; but
have failed 'even to reach ,a secure.
line, intrenching' themselves on
which for'the winter, they could con- .
centrate their main attention on oth
It so'happens that other fronts
claim their most earnest attention at
the moment when the German frome
in Russia is most awkwardly~p1ace
between two strong lines and. wh
the Russian army has to a large .e. r
tent -regained its striring power. Tie
Germans hoped to shake off the ter
rible and costly burden of the Ru
sfan campaign -before the- winter.. -
It may be assumed ,that'they count
ed on establishing themselves firml
on the strong linbe of the-Dina-Ber
esina-Dnieper, .but their calculatan
have been falsified. at 'the exact psy- %:
chological moment when the Ames
struck hard 4n the west and h
growing exhaustiqn of Turkey neces
sitated, a-supreme effort on the part
of Germany in the Balkans.
The clear and prolonged .offensi?..
of the central European powers Is be.
ig turned into a complex and many
sided defeuisiie. To free themselves'
in Russia the Germans must push for
ward their centre beyond the sia
region and secure their flanks. To
secure flanks they must seize Dvinsk
and the Dvina and push on to thez
Dnieper, - but they. have attempted
both tasks in vain.
At Dvinsk the enemy has bien,
held at' bay twenty-seven days. He
has lost-heavily in -repeated frontal
attacks. At certain points he has ad
vanced within five or six miles of the,
town, but during the last few days
he has been. forced back to the, for-,
mer ten miles distande, and his at
Despairing of effecting anything
by further :frontal attacks, General.
Below is now trying -to force a way
through to the north of Dvinsk. The
Germans did succeed in capturing the.
Important position of Gorbumovka -
ear the river bank, but were Imne'
diately thrown'out again. Near 11-:
ukst, - northwest of Dvnsk,~ where
there is a stretch of open country be-'
tween the dense forests, the Russians
bave 4riven the'Germans out of thbir
trenches, and- south of Dvinsk a stiff -
battle is proceeding around Novo
' Add to this the fact that on the
ine of the lakes running parallel
with the Vilna-Dvinsk railwa' ^The
Russians are slowly bit surely ad.
rancing, and It will be seen t~he ene
my's hope of forcing the ~Dvina is
ertainly no brighter than it was a
month ago. A sign of Improvement
in the situation is the return to
Dvinsk of the Town Council from .VI
tebsk, whither it temporarily retired.
On the southern flank in Galicia
Russian success Is even more mark
3d. West of Trembowla-th&.Aus-q
trians had established themselves
sear the village of Gaivoronka-in' a
strong fortified position, which was
:o serve as a base for an advance-on'
:he southern front. Russian successes
t -Kilki and Czartorisk, on the Styr,
larmed the enemy, and he. tried to
>verthrow- the Russians by a sudden .
dvance from Buczacz...-.-.-..
The Russians took up erxcellent
positions on the Styr, -Olykta, Ikrwa2y
mnd Sereth, and by continually ha
cassing the enemy prevented.,s him'
~rom settling down in intrenched
ines. The advance from Buczacz'was
~rustrated and the Russians in- their.
:urn flung forward from Trenibowla
n to Gaivoronkas A stroni -Aus
trian redoubt was taken, the. Rus-'
ians forced a way across the Stripa.
mn burning bridges, and cavalry,
,reaking through the enemy's- lines,;
rounded up two thouisand prisoners
nd baptured four guns and' two ma
:hine guns. -
This striking success, which is,still .
3eing followed up, not only giveg the
R~ussians a considerable strategical
tdvantage on the southern fronts but
mndermines any possible moral effect~
mn Roumania of the recent large con
~entration of Austrian and German.
roops in Galicia and Bukowinai, near
he Roumanian frontier.
COTTON FUTURES ACT VOIDI.
ecderal District Court Decides
Against Lev-er Bill.
Thie cotton futures act of" August
[8, 1914, was declared unconstitu
ional Wednesday in a decision hand
id down in the federal district court
y Judge Charles M. Hough in the
est case brought by Samuel T. Hub-,
>ard of the cotton brokerage house
f Hubbard Brothers of New York,
gainst John Z. Lowe, .collector of in-.
The decision was based on the
>oint that the Lever bill, which' im
>osed the tax, originated in the Sen
te, and not in the House of Repre
entatives, .as a revenue measure.
hould. The court expressed its re
~ret that it had to pass uzdgment on
uch narrow grounds. s-.
ATTACK IN FORCE
krmans Have Advanced Four Miles.
Towards Morava Valleyr.
Paris, Friday: The Germans-aire at
acking in great force near Passaro
vitza, which commands the Morava
ralley, according to a Nish diepatch~ .:
o The Matin. The Serbs are resists.
ng stoutly and it is asserted thafth6
invaders huave not advanced more'
"an four miles south of the river at
my point on the Danube front. The
B~ulgrians have been held in the
rmok~ valley where a new action is in
.ro'ee along the entire frnnt.