Newspaper Page Text
MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15, 1916. NO1
FEDERAL HEALTH EXPERTS TO
MAKE THOROUGH STUDY OF
WORK TO COVER ONE YEAR
Complete Sanitary Inspection With
Especial Reference to Prevention
Columbia.-The United States pub
lic health service will undertake, com
mencing this week, a study of the con
ditions in Greenville county affecting
health, with especial reference to the
prevention of diseases such as typhoid
fever. This complete sanitary inpsec
tion, which will continue for a year or
more, covering every section of the
county, will be made as a result of the
requests of James A. Hayne, M.D.,
state health officer, in co-operation
'with county officials. All expenses of
the public health officers will be paid
by the government.
Dr. Hayne said a few days ago that
in urging this sanitary inspection for
a unit of this state he had recommend
ed that the work be done either in
Greenville county or Richland county,
but that the government had chosen
the former because of its greater per
cent of white population and also be
cause it appeared to be a more repre
sentative South Carolina county. He
said also that he would probably trans
fer one of the two units provided for
by the legislature to Richland county.
where also he hopes to have the offi
cials of the public health service at
A letter will be sent out in the near
future to all registered electors of
Greenville county notifying them of
the undertaking and asking for their
co-operation. "This study of health
conditions in your county," the letter
says in part, "is a part of a general
sanitary survey being made by the
public health service in representative
counties in a number of states. The
main purpose of this survey is to de
termine the sanitary conditions exist
ing in the rural districts generally of
the Unted States and the best methods
for their improvement.
"The officers who will visit the
homes in your county '~e trained in
sanitation and after making their
studies they will be able to advise
about. health. conditions, particularly
as to 'water supplies and refuse dis
posal in each neigh'vchood. These
men will learn from their studies in
your community fa"ts which may be
presented with . ad'antage to other
"The benefit to your community
from this undertaking by your nation
al, state and county governments wil
depend upon the active interest of the
individual citizens. If you and you
neighbors will give to the workers
and the work your cordial suppo~rt
and assistance your county can be
made one of the several most health
ful counties in the United States."
Spartanburg Creamery Organized.
Spartanburg. - The Spartanburg
Creamery company was organized here
by the elction of the following officers
and directors: President, A. W. Hor
tcon; vice president, John B. Cannon;
secretary and treasurer, Cabe Cannon;
directors, Col. T. J. Moore, Moore; S.
T. McCravey, Warren DuPre, M. B.
Smith, Celader Springs; A. W. Horton,
Gabe Cannon and John B. Cannon.
Dr. W. W. Long of Clemson college
was present and addressed the meet
ig of stockholders.
Greenwood Supports Library.
Greenwood.-The Greenwood city
ecuncil at its regular meeting recently
assed an ordinance appropriationg
the sum of $1,200 for the annual sup
port of the public library which it is
planned to have here. The city also
donated a magnificent lot, centrally
located. The advocates of the library
proposition want a $15,000 building as
they feel that this will be the size
building Greenwood should have
Condemns Oconee Land.
Greenvlle.-Judge Johnson of the
federal court has signed orders auth
orizing the publication of condemna
tion proceedings against six tracts. of
land in Oconee, the land to be set
aside as a part of the great Appala
chian forest reserve, being created by
he United States government. These
otices will be served upon the own
era of the land and will be inserted in*
newspapers. In such procedings, the
government does not condemn land
which is tilled or land upon which
there are permanent homes.
It is very probable that agricul-'
ture will be taugnt in the public
schools of St. Matthews next year.
"The population of Columbia at the
ensus of 1910 was 26,139," the bulle
tin says, "and It is estimated that it
was 33500 on July 1, 1914.
A first class highway between Spar
tanburg and Greenville was advocated
by C. 0. Hearon, editor of the Spar
tnburg Herald, in an address before
a mass meeting at Wellford, which is
o the route of the proposed highway.
The cc-peration of the county gov
-nments is sought as the best way tc
hve the work effected.
ARE KP SECRET
RIGID CENSORSHIP REGARDING
MOVEMENT AGAINST VILLA
. AND BANDITS.
THREE REGIMENTS ARE SENT
No Call For National Guard is- Con
templated.-Troops - May $ave
Wshington.-Secrecy regarding Gen
eral Funston's plans for moving
against Villa and his bandits has been
so rigidly enforced at the war de
partment that even high officials of
the government are in doubt as to
whether American troops actually
bad crossed the Mexican border.
Secretary Baker announced that the
Twenty-third Infantry, now at Gal
veston, Tex., had been ordered to El
Paso because of fear of Mexican at
tacks felt in many towns along 'the'
border. The regiment, about 1,000
strong, will be stationed at points
designated by General Funston.
The order to the Twenty-third, the
Secretary said, -was -the only import
ant development of the day of which
the department had any- knowledge,
.and that nothing had' conie from any
other source indicating that the ad
vance guard of the expeditionary force
was already on Mexican soil. He said
he would make known the fact that
the expedition was on its way just as
soon as the news reached him.
Questioned as to the messages that
had come, the Secretary admitted that
there was nothing directly denying
reports that the border had been
crossed. He said he had nothing to
add to or detract from his previous
statement that General Funston had
full authority to 'proceed whenever he
was ready. The secretary emphasiz
ed the fact that any steps taken by
the army would be in full recognition
of Mexican sovereignty. He declined
to discuss further the question of
what action the de facto government
might take as a result of the sending
of American troops in pursuit of the
NEW BLOW AT FRENCH LINES.
Germans Smash in Aisne Salient, and
Push on Toward Fort.
London.-A new stroke has been
delivered by the German forces. -in.
their attempts to test the French lines
west of the Verdun sector. This was
delivred on the Asne tront, eleven
miles northwest of Rheims, where
French positions south and southwest
of Vine-aiiEois -were attacked by
Along a front of more than three
quarters of a mile the Kaiser's troops
peneterated for a depth of two-thirds
of a mile, according to Berlin, which
states that 737 men and officers were
taken .prisoners and some smafl. ar
tillery captured, all at small loss.
Norwegian Sillus Torpedoed.
Paris-Seven of the crew of the
Norwegian bark Sillus, which was tor
pedoed and sunk were Americans.
*The Silius left New York on Feb. 4
for Havre. The Petit Parislen says
that one of the Americans on the
Silius suffered serious injuries of the
legs and was taken to the Pasteur
iHospital. He is John Hartmann, 18
years old. It is reported that Cap
tain Syvensen of thae Silius was
drowned, and that two sailors are
-missing. The remaining members of
the crew were saved.
Army Auto Trucks in Use.
Washington. - The campaign in
northern Mexico to capture Francisco
VIlla will see the formation of the
frst auto-truck companies to be or
ganized for the United States Army,
according to a statement made by
Colonel A. L. Smith, the depot quar
termaster stationed in this city.
W. C. Robinson, Aviator, Killed
Grinnell, Iowa.-W. C. Robinson, an
aviator, was killed when a biplane in
which he was trying for an altitude
record fell from a height of 13,000
Governor Regrets Move.
Vera Cruz.-General Heriberto Jara,
Governor of the -State of Vera Crus,
when informed of the intention of the
United States Government to send
troops Into Mexico in pursuit of Villa,
took a grave aaid regretful iew of
FLASHES FROM THE WIRES.
Private James P. Taylor, Troop F,
Thirteenth Cavalry, wounded at Co
lumbus, N. M., March 9, In the Villa
riot, died March 10.
Mexicans have put a ban on all
The first aero squadron, stationed
at Fort Sam Houston, will be a part
or the expeditionary1 force against
The British fleet auxiliary Fauvette,
a vessel of 2,644 tons, has been lost
together with 14 members of her crew
by striking a mine off the east coast
The total losses of the French, ac
cording to General Gallieni's state
ment, b:.. reached 2.500.000. while the
British up to the present have lost1
GRAND JURY REPORTS 1o
Seek Indictment of Many Persons Con
nected With Cohen Mystery at
~Charleston Last October.
Charleston.-A special presentment
was made by the grand jury following
an investigation into the committee
room shooting on October 15 last,
which resulted in the death of Sidney
J. Cohen and the wounding of several
Dthers, 13 indictments being asked for,
and the duty of bringing the charges
specified is now in the hands of the
solicitor, who vill act at once. As
court arrived at the end of the ses
sion witnesses and petit jurors having
been dismissed and the grand jury ex
cused from further attendance at this
term, the special presentment and de
veloping indi -tments will not be fol
lowed up until the June term of the
court of ger c-al sessions.
No resposibility for the killing of
Mr. Cohen is fixed in the finding of
the grand jury.
Indictments are asked for as fol
Henry Brown and W. E. Wingate,
assault, and battery with intent to kill
and carrying concealed weapons.
Patrick Quinn. F. E. LaFoureade
and J. R. Cantwell. assault and bat
tery with intent to kill.
Edward McDonald. J. H..Steencken,
Fred Stender. George Hentiers, W.
Turner Logan, J. J. Healy and J. A.
Black, carrying concealed weapons.
Frank Hogan. for inciting riot.
There are 66 witnesses named in
the presentment. The indictments
handed to the grand jury against
Henry Brown and S R. McDonald are
returned with the reiuest that the sol
icitor indict as recommended.
Asked what would be the next step
relative to the special presentment of
the grand jury, Acting Solicitor J. K.
Henry said that he would at once
make out bills of indictment to be
handed to the grand jury at the next
term of court; that all those named
in the presentment of the grand jury
for carrying concealed weapons and
the other offenses charged would be
arrested at once and bound over to
the next term of court. Warrants will
be issued to guarantee the appear
ance at the next term of court of all
Aiken to Hive Horse Show.
Aiken.-AihPn's first horse show.
but which is destined to become an in
stitution here and to attract sports
men to Aiken from a wide territory
each successive yea-. will be held Sat
arday, March 18. Work has already
begun on the buildi:ng of a ring in
[rcnt of the club house at the Pine
Tree Polo club. whe-e the horse show
will be held. There are in Aiken at
the present time more than 400
horses. priv.ateiy owned, most of them
thoroughbreds. a larger number than
at any time since the old days when
the late William C Whitney maintain
ed his famous raci- stables here.
Catawba Rih.es Show Up Well.
Rock Hill.-The annual inspection
of Company H, S. C. N. G., locally
known as the Catawba Rifles, was
held last week. Capt. J. Malcolm
Graham of the United States army
was the inspector for the government.
Adjutant General Moore will later in
spect the company for the state, this
making two inspections instead of one
as heretofore. Out of a total of 65
men and three officers, 56 men and
three officers answered roll call, while
five men have been granted permis
sion to report for inspection at other
places. Consequently only three men
were absent from the inspection.
.Two New Postmasters.
Washington.-The president nomi
nated V. Brown McFadden of Rock
Hill to be postmaster at that place.
Some time ago M'r. McFadden was
recommended to the postoffice depart
ment for appointment by Congressman
Finley. James E. searson was also
named for Allendale.
NoLad Killed by Auto.
NrhAugusta.-A sad death occur-'
red here recently when James Smith.
the 12-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. J.
M Smith. was run over by an automo
bile truck loaded with cotton, In
tharge of two negroes, one of whom
Contract For Knitting Mill.
Greenville.-The~ J. F. Gallivan
Building company of Greenville was
awarded the contract for the erection
of a knitting mill at Spartanburg.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Florence is making great plans for
entertaining the U. C. T. in June.
Editors and business managers of
the religicus papers met in Greenwood
recently and former an association.1
Work en all improvements at the
State Hospital for the Insane has
been suspended, pending the decision
of the supreme court in the mandamus
proceedings brought to force the comp
trolle: general to pay out the item of
$100.000 contained in the recapitula
tion of t' ger' ,1 appropriation bill.
Orangeburg Field Days.
Orangeburg.-The dates for the sub
field days in Orangeburg county have
been anonunced with the following
schedule: East Elizabeth, March 29;
Norway, March 30; Cordova. March
31; Branchville, April 4; Four Holes,
April 5; Orangeburg city schools, date
to be announced; Providence. April 7. I
On April 14 the county field day exer
cises will be held at the fair grounds
at Orangehurg and a big picnic will be
give jn the evening of April 13
the annual oratorhil and declamation
ontests will be held.
G and SPRIIN
1OT TO CUNVENE
30V. MANNING MAKES STATE
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of South Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the State
Gov. Manning is opposed to an ex
tra session of the general assembly
to consider the question of repealing
the anti-compact law, passed at the
recent session. That an extra session
be called was suggested by J. H. God
frey, mayor of Anderson, and members
of Anderson city council.
The governor sent the following
telegram to Mayor Godfrey:
"Replying to your wire On insuranice
matter. I see no necessity for caling
extra session of legislature. I be
lieve that the -interests of the people
will be taker care of. I shall use my
efforts to this end."
The governor has also received pro
tests from several other sections o'
the state against the r-'ti-compact law
Attorney General McReynolds in
Washington informed Senator Tillman
In reply to an inquiry from Commis
doner McMaster, that there was noth
ng the federal department of jus
tice could do to prevent fire insurance
companies from withdrawir., frL m
Edwin G. Seibels. manager, return
ed from New York, where he has been
In conference with officials of some o'
the largest fire insurance companie=
in America. "This is the most serious
business situation the state has ever
Paced." he said.
Several more fire insurance compa
les have ordered withdrawal from the
state. among them all foreign compa
nies represented by the Seibels agency
tnd the Aetna. One of Mr. Seibels'
ompanies suggested that he move the
gency to .Atlanta.
John L. McLaurin. state warehouse
"The people with whom I am deal
ng say that they can place all of the
arge amounts of insurance in case the
cithdrawals are sufficient to threaten
itizens of the state, and while it is
ot strictly a part of my duties as
state warehouse commissioner. I am
:n this fight and am perfectly willing
:o give freely of my time and energy
tnd am placing insurance now for par
:ies who are uneasy over the situa
"I have no statements to make."
paid F. H. McMacter. insurance com
nissioner, when ineirmed that the de
~artment of justice at Wa~hingtonl
~ould not take action -t er-event the
vrihdrawval of fire insurance comna-.
iies from South Carolina. Mr. Mc
JIaster had suggested federal action
n a letter to Senator Tillmnan and
rour Candidates for Governor.
Three interesting developments in
he campaign for the governorship of
south Carolina have occurred during
he past week. They were:
Gov. Manning's announcement of
s intention to stand for re-election
o continue the work he has begun.
Declaration by Jr~hn G. Clinkscales
f Spartanburg that he would not be
candidate for governor, but on the
,ontrary would support Gov. Man
Announcement at Greenwood by
obert A. Cooper of Laurens, solicitor
f the Eighth Judicial circuit, that he
ad yielded to the solicitation of his
-iends and would be a candidate fo:'
Three persons had already commit
ed themselves to enter the race, so
hat the field now comprises five can
idates: Richard I. Marning, Rob
rt A. Cooper, Cole L. Blease, John
L DesChamps and John T. Duncan.
oon Name Conciliation Board.
Gov. Manning has under considera
Ion the matter of appointing mem
crs of the state board of conciliation
provided by an act of the last gen
ral assembly. One member will be
Lppointed who is a member of a recog
ilzed labor union. The second mem
er of the board is to be an employee
if a large corporation. These two
nembers will pick the third member
if the board. The conciliation board
'ill act when reqiuested by both sides.
r. all disputes between capital and
aor. The governor is studying
nany names and it may be several
veeks before the members are picked.
Tne Corn in This State.
Summaries of March crop reports
'or South Carolina, compiled by thej
'ederal bureau of crop estimates. were
nade public through the Columbia of
ice of the weather bureau. An inter.
sting feature is that of the South
~arolina corn crop; 90 per cent is
-ated as of merchantable quality,
hile only 71.3 per c-ent of the corn
rop for the country as a whole is s
-ated. Furthermore. the price per
,ushl. xyd to producers in this a
rs 95 cents. as :mtin-st an averag
or the country cf cnly 68.2 cents
Asks for Writ on Comptroller.
Petition for a writ of mandamus re
qtiring Carlton W. Sawyer, - comptrol
lei general, "to issue and draw hi:
warrant on the state treasurer" fo:
$7,755.43, has been filed with the su
preme court by Wade Hampton Cobb
solicitor of the Fifth circuit, actin
as attorney for the regents of th
State Hospital for the Insane. A spe
cial session of the supreme court i
asked to hear the petition. The fun(
will be used for repair work at the
Qhe item i $1(,000 to- carry 01
the repair. w k ht.-. Che' asylum' wa
left out of the general appropriatiol
bill. The attorney general's office wil
represent the comptroller -general i
the session is called.
The petition says that "said repairs
improvements and developments have
been for some time, and up to the
present time are, in progress, are nec
essary and imperative for; the proper
care, treatment, support and mainten
ance of the inmates of said institution
and that petitioner. has no adequate
remedy at law."
Dispensary Bodrd ists Filed.
Dispensary boards in seven coun
ties were reappointed by Gov. Man
ning to wind up the affairs of the dis
pensaries holding surplus stocks. The
appointments weremade as provide(
under special acts of the legislature
The boards appointed follow:
Beaufort: M. G. Elliott, Pat Wal
and-J. S. Graves.
Richland: .J. W. H Duncan, Jame:
S. Verner and S. T. Wesberry.
Florence: J. H. Blackwell, Angu
MeTaggart and B. A. Early.
Union: J. G. Going, W. J. Haile
and F. B. Culp.
Bamberg: J. M.' Grimes, J. B
Kearse, W. H. Faust and J. S. Walker
Barnwell: C. H. Mathes and W. Mar
Charleston: John Marshall, J. V
Wallace and C. L. Wilson.
Means Explains insurance Act.
An act of the last general assem
bly in relation to the insurance o
public school buildings has been ap
proved by Gov. Manning. Copies o:
the act have been mailed to the public
school officials by D. H. Means, secre
tary of the sinking fund commission
The officials "are liable to a penalt3
: fine or imprisonment for neglecting
Dr failing to comply with the terms o:
this act." The act requires among
Dther things, that all insurance upor
brick and reinforced. concrete public
school buildings, whethe- held ant
operated under the general schoo
laws, be obtained by all school offi
cials in the following manner: "A
certain part of .all of said insuranci
shall, be by said officials placed witl
id lihe insurance companies, and the
remaining portion of said insuranc
shall be sought and obtained by then
from the sinking fund commission."
Push Drainage to Completion.
It is said that arrangements for thc
:rainage in three districts, Catfish
Pigeon bay and Gum swamp, in Mar
ion and Dillon counties, will now b(
pushed to a completion as a result o
the recent decision of the suprem<
ourt in declaring the South Carolina
:rainage law constitutional.
Secretary Grants New Charters.
The Simmons Realty company o:
reenville has been chartered by the
secretary of state with a capital o:
1,000. The officers are: R. L. Sim
mnos, president and treasurer, and J
A.. McKinney, vice president and sec
The Bank of North has filed notic(
a! an-increase in capital from $25,00(
The -Bank of Mayesville, has filet
otice with the secretary of state ci
i decrease in capital from $25,000 t<
The secretary of state has issued
:harter to the D. T. McKeithan Lum
ber company of Lumber in Darling~tor
:ounty with a capital stock of SGO0,
)00. The company proposes to do
eneral lumber business. The officen~
>f the concern are: Robert L. Gill-iam
president, and Emil Kiesewetter, sec
cetary and treasurer.
The Ehrhardt Mill company of
charleston has been commissioned by
;he secretary of state with a capital
> $10,000. The petitioners are: Ju
ian Mitchell and F. H-. Horlbeck.
A charter has been issued to the
velyn Realty company of Charleston
vit a capiital of $5,000.
A charter has been issued to the
eorge C. Frazier company of Flor
ence with a capital of $3,000. The
>fficers are: B. C. Stackley, presi
lent; S. T. Burch, vice president, and
3eorge . Frazier, secretary and treas
The Bailey Distributing Company of
'.olum~ia has filed~ notice of an in
:rc::c in capital frum $5,000 to $10.0O0.
The Siiversteet Real Estate Com
jany. has been coratmissioned with a
:apital of $2,000. The petitioners are
[-l. -0. and JT. WV Long.
A commission has been issued to the
Sunmer:n Drug Comn'pany with a cap
tta of $2.000.
The Camden Coca.-Cola Bottling Co.
a ~eniartered vwith -a capital 01
The secretary of .tate has isrued a
:mmission to the Grand Central Land
:Trcik Company of (' o'mia ".';h
1 capital stoc of 76.00 The -'
any will do at general real c< d
'-ncig. truc a nd nunuftacturing but.
necs Tl'c pe~ti" r fa aena
MANIFESTOTO U. S.
AMERICANS MUST STAY OUT UN
l LESS THEY GRANT HIM SIMI
MUST BE A MUTUAL AFFAIR
United States Must' Not Send Armed
Force After Villa Without Recip
. Mexico City.-General Carranza is
sued a manifesto to the Nation declar
ing that under no circumstances
would the Mexican Government grant
the right to the United States to vio
late the Mexican territory by sending
in an armed force in pursuit of Villa
without consent and the reciprocal
privilege being first. obtained and ad
'I am sure that I interpret in this
matter the national sentiment and
- that the Mexican people will comply
In a digiified manner with their duty
I be the sacrifice what they may, to
sustain their rights and. sovereignty
if, unfortunately, this drags us into
a war a war which the United States
can never justify. We will not be
responsible for the disastrous conse
quences. Upon the heads of the
traitorous Mexicans who within and
without this country have labored to
produce this result, will fall the inex
orable justice of the people.
"Because of the assault which Fran
cisco Villa and the bandits who oc
companied him made on the town of
Columbus, in Aemrican territory,
burning houses and killing some of
the inhabitants, soldiers as well as
civilians, the international situation
in these moments is very delicate as
the North American press have ex
cited their people against Mexico and
the government of that country has
discussed the situation in the Ameri
can Congress, members of which
have advised intervention.
"The constitutional government
which I have the honor to represent
is also occupied diligently in an ef
fort to solve this delicate situation,
trying at all costs to maintain the dig
nity and sovereignty of Mexico.
Historical Precendents Cited.
"I have addressed the Government
of the United States through. the for
eign office, stating that the invasion
of Villa has historical ' precendents,
as in the years 1880 and 1886 two par
ties of Indians coming from the Unit
ed States invaded Sonora and Chihua
hau, committing crimes and depreda
tions on the lives and properties of
"It was then agreed between the
governments of the two countries to
Hermit the respective passage of arm
ed forces, resulting in the extermina
tion of the Indians. I have asked the
American Government to pursue a
like course in order to solve future
difficulties, should they arise, noting
that Villa and his companions are a
group of bandits, whose acts the
Mexican Government or people would
not be responsible for, and that his
reproachable conduct is due to insti
gations of the reactionary element,
that. lacking patriotism and convinc
ed of its defeat, is trying by all means
to bring on armed intervention.
"I have not yet received the
answer of the American Govern
ment and from the reports of my
chiefs along the fi-ontier I learn that
the Amnerican forces are mobilizing to
pursue and capture and deliver him
to the Mexican authorities; that the
expedition is in the nature of a puni
tive campaign, and that the sover
eignty of Mexico will be respected.
"The constitutional government has
given Instructions to its confidential
agent at Washington Immediately to
make representations that under no
circumstances will any motive, be the
reasons or explanations of the United
States what they may. ju.-7: th:e
a-med invasion of Mexican territory
without recinrocal rights being grant
ed to the M\exicans and that not for
an instant will the invasion of Mexican
territory or an outrage to its dignity
"I am sure that in this I interpret
the national sentiment and that the
Mexican peonle will worthily comply
with their duty, be the sacrifices what
they may. to sustain their rights and
sovereignty. I!. unfortunately, we are
dragged into a war. which the United
States can never justify, we will not
be responsible for the disastrouz con
sequences. but will serve as instru
ments for Mexican traitors within and
without catr country w~ho have long
labored to produce this result and
upon thecir heads will fall the inexor
able jtitce of the Miexican people."
Th-ree Reg-iments Get Orders.
Washington. - General Funston
askied the war denartment for four
additional regiments of cavalry for
patrol duity on the Mexican border.
General Scott, chief of staff. immedi
atelv iss-i orders for the First Cay
airv at an-erey, Cal.; the Eleventh,
at ot O'thornpe. Ga,, and the
ITwelfth. at Fort Robinson, Neb., to
proceel a* once to the border.
T- 1ih Cavalry, at Fort Myer.
. a rd;ered to hold itself i
d-~'ir~es to move.
Do you read the 1
yctir baking powder
of tartar or, on the c
Royal Baking P
crern of tartar, der;
adds to the food onl
Cther baking pov
phosphate, both of
used as substitutes
bace.e of their chee
Never sacrifce <
ness for low price.
PECAN TREES PLANTE
(By PROF. W. N. HUTT, North Carolina
- Experiment Station.)
in my experience, one of the best
places for planting a pecan orchard Is
in the cotton field. Pecan trees are
very deep-rooted, feed far below the
surface, do not eicroach much on
the cotton land until they are big
enough to give a profit for its use.
Pecan trees should be set not less than
50 feet apart; 60 feet is better. In
these wide middles cotton and other
crops can be successfully cultivated
for years until the -trees require a
the land. In this way a planter need
not be out of the use of his land.
but can at the same time be gradually
changing an annual crop that adds
no permanent increment to the value
of his soil to a pere-inal one that
makes his land more valuable every
year it grows upon it. Of course, I
would not advise cotton planters to
put all their lands in pecan trees, but
Ido believe that every cotton planta
ton would be enhanced in value If
thad on it a larger or smaller pecan
rchard, if only of a few trees. A
special advantage of the cotton field
or pecan planting Is that the trees
re practically assured of cultivation.
have never seen a pecan orchard
that was a success unless it was cul
tvated. at least while the trees were
young. It is for this reason that I
prefer the term "pecan orchard" to
"pecan grove," for the latter term has
about it more of the idea of a green
nbroken turf, and, from my experi
nce, I am very sure that this is not
te condition conducive to large yields
fnuts. Professor Van Deman said,
"ature plants groves, but man plants
Where maintenance crops are grown
n a pecan orchard, judgment .should
e exercised in not allowing the rows
o encroach too closely on the trees,
thus robbing them of the plant food
nd moistufre. If tnis is done, valuable
tme will be lost in getting the trees
Into bearing. Maintenance or cover
rops should not be allowed to grow
nearer than six feet to the tree row,
EED VALUE OF COTTONSEED
Not Equal to Meal Which Can Be
Used Without Fear of Causing
Disturbance in Digestion.
A reader asks if ground cottonseed
will make as good feed as the com
mercial cottonseed .neal.
The answer is plainly, no. From
te seed. to make meal, are taken the
hulls or a large part of them, and a
considerable portion of the oil. The
oil extracted is of high feeding value
to he extent that oil can be economi
caly used by the animal, but after all
te oil is removed that is practicable
bythe oil mills there is still more oil
tan necessary for feeding purposes
let in the meal.
One ton of meal is easily worth a
tn and a half of seed for feeding
purposes. Another advantage pos
sssed by the meal is that, contain
ig less oyil, it can be used to furnish
alarger part of the ration, without
cusing a disturbance in digestion
ad scouring or diarrhea.The Pro
Bulttetl on Bur Clover.
Farmers and stcck raisers in the
South int- --d in bur clover should
rit , iLor in Chief, Divisiea
pf .i . ': Washington, D. C,
fr Famers Bulletini 693.
LY, M A RCH 1
abel to know whether
is made from cream
ther hand, from alum
owder is made from
ved from grapes, and
7 wholesome qualities.
vders contain alum or
mineral origin, and
for cream of tartar
Lulty and' heal~hfbl. -
3 POWDER CO.
DIN COTTON REWS
CiER VAN DEtW
es of Pecans. -
and of course no crop of any' ind =
should be planted i the tree rapt
itself . -
A good farmer who, at my aolfc <
ton,. set out a pecan orchard aiskD
me one day to look at his e g _- _
cause they did not seem -to bedul:g
well. When I drove with 'ln yI
place I had difficulty in Sading -hl"
orchard, for the place on .wich~lie
had planted it was now a saolid.=1e3&
of tall, waving corn, which lodked -
if it would produce 100 bushes tfie te
acre. I could not at first see: a
pecan tree, but after locating the corn
row in which the trees were "3ss
able to find a number of dead on
an' some very small, living but-eSa-,>;
couraged-looking trees: They would>:
have had more chance of survival.ii
the struggle in their native forests
than in that jungle of corn.. -The field
was planted solid with cor, there:
being just one hill left.'but whes the>
pecan tree stood. The trees were-cul
tivated, and Intensely' so, but what
chance had they of surviving emuch
less making a satisfactory grswth!
believe that when Euclid, the mathe
matican of antiquity. said. "It Is imn ,
possible to'- have two things In the
same space at the same time;' lie was -,
thinking especially of'a corn'crop.in
a pecan orchard. Corn is too tall a
plant and too gross a feeder to--e
used successfully as a cover -erop In
any kind of an orchard, iunlesa-It Is -
kept at a reasonable .distance from
Besides giving the young pecatrees'
reasonable protection frdm the en
croachment of crops, they should ae
protected from their worst of all.e
mies, "the nigger and the mule. It
makes no -difference how-.ilgoOOW
tree grows, If it Is run over perIo&
Ically with a plow and barked -b2
traceans and singletrees, It niver
gets to bearing age.. This enemy usn.
ally can be kept at bay jy driving In
three or four stout stakes and nailIng
them solid at the top with slats so
as to securely inclose the tree. --
BEST TIME FOR THE CALVES
A~utumn Is Favored on Account o
Slack Work Around Farm-Dan
ger of Scouring Ia Less,
Calves may be reared better an
ore economically when they- come-In
de autumn' rather than In the sprifng
ad yet this style of breeding- which
ad something of a vogue 20 years ago
s still lagging. In the winter seoan
e boys have ample time to attend to
the calves and can give every atten
ion to the amount of each kid of flood
required to keep them huimpingaog
When calves are raisedesntay
m skim milk and adjuncts, -theche
langer Is that they may be more .~
Less affected with. indigestion. Now
when the calves are on dry fodd such
m is given to them In the winter sea-g
sn this trouble is reduced to-a -minf
mum. If ekim milk Is fed In larged
uanttes and some flaxseed m'eal il2-'
Eed at the same time when the calvese
are on succulent pastures, It is almost$
mpossble to prevent them from sur
In winter when on dry -foods thie
anger is much less Inminent. The
alves may be carried ibhrough e
'inter in good form and they 20re
>ous animals, If properly fed, weZ
the pastures are ready In thespig