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- MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1916.
LEADS GREATEST PART 0
FORCES BEYOND CASES
REACHES VILLA TERRITORi
Details of Pursuit Are Withheld Bu
All Reports Indicate That Bandit
Is Not Very Far Ahead.
San Antonio, Texas.-General Persh
ing led the greatest part of his fore
beyond Cases Grandes and personall
began the direction of operations :tha
it is hoped at headquarters would ter
minate in the capture of Francisc<
Villa, according to army headquarter
here . All. the evidence secured 4ndi
cated that Villa' was niot 'ixadiymif.e
away but whether he intended to con
tinue his flight or stop and. fight- stil
remained unknown to the Americpns
General Funston withheld all infor
mation as to the details for the activ
pursuit of Villa.
Two troops of the Twelfth Cavalr
arrived at Columbus and have. bee
sent forward to patrol this line aldnl
which detachments of infantry' alsi
have been stationed. From Columba:
to Cases Grandes supplies will bi
moved by automobile trucks and wag
ons, and, if permission 'is secured
that means of transportatiqn will be
supplemented by shipments over. -thk
Mexican Northwestern Railway. fros
El Paso. -
The negotiations looking -to .the
uses of the railroad as far south a,
Casas Grandes had. not been tremi
nated, according to General Funster
who pointed out what great assistaneo
t permission to make shipments b
.nil would be.
General Pershing's wireless -equim
ment was operated to better advant
age. Trouble in communicating b!
that means had been experienced -bu
messages are now arriving at gener
headquarters with less delay and great
None of General Funston's infor
.mation indicated the -exact where
abouts of Villa but there was a die
position at his headquarters to regarc
as perhaps -true the reports comin
from official Mexican sources that -h4
had- reached Babicora in the distrie
of Guerrero, near his boyhood home
CONGRESS MAY END, EARLY.
Administration Leaders . Hopeful o
Speed Action on Measures.
Washington:-Evidence of co-opera
tion between President Wilson an
adjournment at the capitol is seen b:
administration officials in the action o
the senate and house In advancingpre
paredness legislation ahead of other
bills and practically removing the En
ropean and Mexican questions fron
the field of debate through votes sup
porting the president.
Although ~some congressional lead
ers, notably Speaker Clark, say Con
gross will be in session until Fall, ad
ministration officialspredict confident
ly that adjournment would come late
in June or early In July.
A great' legislative program stil
awaits action. It !ncludes the arm:
and navy bills, a tariff commnissior
bill, the Philippine bill, rural 'credi
legislation, several appropriation- an<
revenue bills, shipping legislation, rev
enue measures and the .lmmigratioi
bill. Comparatively little loss of time
is looked. ford~ ~oweve". over any c
these measures. except thr shippina
and revenue' bills.
One Killed In Southern Wreck.
Greensboro. - Southern passenge:
train No. 43 was wrecked at James
town, 10 miles south of this city, a fe,
minutes before 8 o'clock. One womai
was dead at midnight and other pas
sengers or the traink were reported i
serious condition. A list of 13 person:
who were of the worst hurt was avail
able early. Others less injured were
numerous. The passenger was crusl
ed by 'derailed freight cars of regula
freight train 74 which was speedin
northward on a parallel track. Th
passenger was pulling' away from th
station, hardly having gained motion.
Mrs. M. S. Hiatt of High Point, wift
of a rural mail carrier.
The list of injured follows:
Miss Mary Green, Thomasville
Frank Norris, Spencer;- Louis Payn<
and small daughter, of High Point
Carolina Bigg'ers, Thomasville; J. A~
Elliott, Thomasville; Miss Ethel Johz
son, of Jamestown; Mrs. W. 0. Robir
son, of Spencer; Louis Norris, of'Spex
cer; T. H. Cornell, Oak Hill, Va.
Charlie Mae Criddlebaugh, of ' Hig1
Point; Garland -Chapel, High Point
'A. MXetter; of Charlotte.
Russians Start Offensive.
-London.-With the slackening of th,
fighting around Verdun, thei. Russiat
have started a big offensive movem'en
against the Germans on the Easter:
front. A raid by German seaplane
on the east coast of England and:b
French airmen on Metz and other.Oel
man towns, the sinking~ of a preic:
torpedo-boat by an-ubmnarine ir th
Adriatic, and the reported torpedoini
of and Austrian hospital ship by a
Entents inderwater boat are recorde<
in official and unofficial communica
I MILITARY BIL
MEYER LONDON, SOCIALIST FRC
NEW YORK ONLY OPPONENT
TO THE BILL.
POLICY MET NO OBJECTIC
Some. Think Bill Does Not Go F
Enough, But Generally There Is
Washington.-Natlonal def ,nse I
islation overshadowed every other 1E
.islative issue in both houses of Cc
gross. The fact standing out mc
sharply from a whole day of deba
and-discussion was that only one vof
had been raised against military pi
paredness as a national policy; th
of Meyer London of New York, tl
only Socialist member of congress.
The house completed more than hf
of its set schedule of 10 hours gener
debate on the army increase bi
Morethan two. score. members e
pressed their views. The great n
j ority favored -he - committee bi
which :a .the most sweeping milita
.m - ever considered in the cou
-try .ia peace times. Many amen
ments to. be offered were announce
however, which will delay voting i
In the senate, Chairman Chambt
lain annouaced that he would seek
have the'inilitary committee's perfei
ed artiv bill taken up at once. Tl
water-power bill must be displaced
piimit' this. President Wilson's a
peal for haste on preparedness me
ures, it was the..ght would induce t)
.power bill advocates to yield the
place without a struggle.
The. failure of any organized opt
sition to the purposes of the army b
,to show itself on the house floor I
Representative Hay, chairman of
house committee, to abandon the nig
t session provided for. under the spec
rule which gives the bill right of w:
The -amendments. cannot be taken 1
until the 10-hour general debate is er
ed. After .that the ftve-minute spee
;ule will apply, so it was regarded
useless to hold night sessions.
MEXICO GENERALLY QUIET.
Some Disorider Along Border at Ta
- pico and Torreon.
Washington.-The main Americ
eipeditonary force in Mexico had
coumtere& none of Villa's outlaws, i
cording 'to. reports received by t
War Department in field wirelss m
sages relayed by telegraph from
point along the international borde:
Officials took this to mean th
Villa and his bandits were fleeing I
fore the American advance and doul
ed that they would attempt to ma
a stand. Army officers thought t
campaign would develop quickly i
a guerrilla warfare, If any oppositi
at all was encountered. The War]I
partment had no -confirmation of b
.der reports that snipers had fired
. the American troops.
I n the senate a concurrent reso
.tiobi by Senator LaFollette declari
that congress approved the use of t
armly to pigrsue Villa and giving fi
thes assurances that the sovereli
of Mexico was not to be encirach
:upon by the punitive expedition u
t unanimously adopted without deba
Reports to the State and WarI
-partments indicated that conditic
1 generally In the Interior of Mexi
Swere fairly quiet. General Funst
fi reported In one dispatch that the
was some excitement at various poli
along the frontier.
Americans Reach Cases Grandes,
r El Paso, Tex.-One of the Americ
rcolumns in Mexico was definitely
r cated -on the outskirts of the Cass
Grandes region between the towns
Janos and- Ascencion In a stateme
SIssued by General Gavira, Carran
commander at Juarez. Simultaneous
came the first Indication of activi
on the part of Villaista forces and
their intention to resist the Americ
r expeditions, in news received ti
Villa's followers had burned a raliw
B bridge on the Northwestern Railrc
e of Mexico between Summit and S
- Soldier Made Good Shot.
Columbus, N. M.-It was learn
that the shot which killed Color
.Lopez, Villa's first chief, during t
raid, was fired by an American troop
at 1,200 yards. Lopez fell at the fil
shot. Much of the other shooting w
at'distances of 600 and 800 yards.
LInvestigate Sinking of Turbantla.
Holland have been instructed to:
Svestigate the sinking of the Diit
liner Tubantia with Americans aboa1
said to have been torpedoed.
Storm interferes WIth Diaz Plami
e Brownsville, Tex.-The schooner
s Providencia, port of origin unkno1
t and with a Mexican crew, Is agrou
a and is being lashed by the high se
s off the Mexican coast south oft
y mouth of. the Rio Grande River, -
-cording to a report to the local U~nit
lStates customs house here. It was
e ported that the repsel carried8
grifles and a quantity of ammunitii
a and that four members of the crew h;
d been arsted-by Mexican soldiers al
a were being brought to Matamoros; c
L ABOUT INSURANCI
M ASKS M'LAURIN AND M'MASTEI
HOW FIRE INSURANCE MAY
N DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBI!
ar Doings and Happenings That Mar;
the Progress of South Carolina Peo
pie, Gathered Around thi Stat
'g. . Columbia.
>n Gov. Manning sent the followin;
>st letter to Fitz Hugh McMaster, insui
te ance commissioner, and John L. M<
ce Laurin, state warehouse commis
at "I am daily receiving inquiries fron
he all parts of the state asking me ho,
fire insurance can be obtained unde
the existing laws, and in view of th
.al withdrawal .of certain of the compa
"The public is deeply interested an<
a- is entitled to any assistance that cai
1 be given. I desire this informatiot
in order that they may make thei
L business arrangements. I ask tha
d- you will write me where and how th'
d insurance can be obtained."
p Replies were received fi-om Messrs
McLaurin and McMaster.
Mr. McMaster submitted a list of 1
to companies, 12 of which he believe,
mt- would continue to write insurance ii
he South Carolina. and r list of 37 mutua
to fire insurance companies.
. Mr. McLaurin replied that the firn
s- of Samuels, Cornwall & Stevens, o
he New -York. had given him assurance
ir that they could handle the situation
He gives his reasons for the high in
surance rates. He also takes Mr. Mc
Master for task for inquiring into thi
ed activities of Mr. Stevens and anothe:
h representative of the New York firn
he on the occasion of their recent visit t<
al At a meeting of the executive com
L. mittee of the South Carolina Ware
house Association, the Laney-Odon
anti-compact law was unqualifiedly in
Asylum Repairs to Be Made.
The supreme court Issued a writ o
mandamus requiring the comptrolle:
m- general to issue warrants on the fun(
of $100,000 appropriated by the las
In general assembly for repair work a
n- the State Hospital for the Insane. Thy
c- opinion in the case was written h1
he Chief Justice Gary and. concurred i:
B by all of the associate justices.
a The action to secure the appropria
r. tion was brought by the board of re
Mat gents. The attorney general helt
e- that the money could not be paid ou
bt- by the comptroller general because
ke the item of $100,004 was not contain
he ed in the general appropriation bil
tc and it was suggested that the matte:
>n be carried to the cou.rt for a decision
S"The recaptiulation of the variou:
>r -items in the act, which provides .fo:
man appropriation of $418,000 to thi
Ihospital." says the decision, "als<
u-. tends to show that it was the inten
18 tion of the legislature to appropriati
e $318,000 for maintenance and salariel
r and $100,000 for rebuilding. otherwist
ty the item in the recapitulation wouli
d have been only.$318.000."
asWork on the proposed improve
;.ments outlined by the, board of re
e gents will be resumed immediately
as C. Fred Williams, M. D., superinten
ocdent, said that the plans call for the
r completiono l male wards, th<
reerection of a dining room for male pa
its tients, a central heating plant and the
remodeling of several female wards.
a% New Pharmacists Establish Record.
lo-. Twenty-six of the candidates wh<
es took the examination given at Sumtel
of by the state board of pharmaceutica
nt examiners, or Si per cent, passed and
ba will be permitted to practice pharmac:
1: as licensed druggists. This is _ th<
t largest percentage of applicants evea
of to pass the examining board.
n Those who stood successfully were:
Lat W. W. Watson, Charleston; J. L. Par
a7 rott, Bamnberg; R. E. Sadler, Charles
ad ton; R. L. Byars, Charleston;. W. H
n Martin. Charleston; J. V. Thompson
Atlanta, Ga.; C. H. Godfrey, Pelzer;
L. L. Bates. Charleston; D. D. West
moreland. Charleston; Ruth Birnie
ed Sumter; A. B. Jenkins, Raleigh. N. C
kel W. C. Adams. Conway; L. R. Wilson
e Chapel Hill. N. C.; H. E. Griffith
e Greenvood; C. M. Miller. Rock Hill:
st B. W. Middleton. Gaffney; L. S. Bolt
'as Jr., Laurens; C. A. Hinson, Greenville
Durham Counts. Gadsden, Max Brun
son. Barnwell; R. S. Hirston. Raleigh
N. C.; J. H. Thee, Charleston; J. J
in Milford. Iva.
n-. The State Pharmaceutical associa
ch tion will meet at the Isle of Palms or
d, July 24-25.
-Fred H. Dominick Resigns.
La Fred H. Dominick of Newberry, fo
n three years assistant attorney gen era
d of South Carolina, resigned. Mr
as Dominick announced that he had re
he signed immediately after appearing i
c-- the supreme court in the case of thi
ed asylum regents against the comptrolle
e- general. "I have no announcement ti
0 make for thie present." said Thos. E~
>n Peples, attorney general, when asket
ad i he had appointed Mr. Dominick'
d successor. Mr. Dominick said h
P-would 'devote his attention to his cat
i ddaev for conirress.
's Big Celebr
AND from 4
McLaurin Offers :.. Protection.
State warehouse commissioner John
L. McLaurin has given out a state
ment in which he said that "in antici
pation of the action of the Southeast
em Underwriters' Association in get
ting companies to withdraw- from
South Carolina, and especially the
threats as to insurance upon property
upon which loans are outstanding in
the attempt to force the calling -of.the
loans," he went to New York. and had.
made arrangements tahere which were,
ample to take care of all such insur
ance. He stated that he believes
the number of the withdrawals. by
companies from this state has been
exaggerated and that after this ex
citement is over it will be found that
there are plenty of companies in
c South Carolina to do the business.
- "But if any one desires to place in
surance, which is necessary on ac
count of the present situation as thaj
. result of cancellations or refusals to
renew; if they will write to. me I will
place the Insurance in New York
through the channels which I have
ari-anged," he said.
"The policies," said Mr. McLaurin,
"will be written in companies whose
1 standing is acceptable to the life In
surance or mortgage companies mak
ing loans in South Carolina. I wish
r to reiterate emphatically that if any
one is threatened with the calling of
loans or in any other manner to the
detriment of the business interests. of
South Carolina by the cancellation..or
failure to renew fire insurance poll
cies, I can place this insurance in
some of the best companies *in the
United States, and this talk about
calling loans is mere moonshine.'
"I have been flooded with -letters
from insurance agents requesting that
I furnish them the names of -the com
panies in order that- they may -form.
connections with them. I desire to
say that I have not felt called- upon
to seek insurance connections for
agents of companies which are with
drawing or may withdraw, but :at
I am simply seeking to protect 'the
business interests, of: the people of
South Carolina from threatened dis
arrangement by the Sogtheastern Un
derwriters' Association and have per
fected arrangements to this end.".
Governor Names Supervisors. -
Gov. Manning has named the follow
ing supervisors of registration:
Fairfield county-C. B. Rabb, I. F.
1 Stuart and D. H. Robinson.
Aiken County-W. M. Veritt, G. R.
Webb and J. O. Hays.
Darlington County-W: C. Gondy,
D. L. Scarborough and Marion Moor.e.
Marion County-S. Cecil Miles, T. L.
Mace and W. M. McIntyre.
Charleston County-T. H. J. Wil
liams, John T. Hawes, and George M.
Greenville County-L. Q. Metts.
Edgefield County--lf. W. Clark, W.
E. Lott and W. L. Holston.
Chester Ccunty-Hugh ~W. Miller.
G. Bryan Walton of Anderson has
been reappointed for a term of :three
years as a ,member of the state board
t of examiners of public accountants.
New Barn for Clemson.
One hundred cows will next week
I occupy their new barn which -has been
r constructed on the. asylum farm at a
-cost of approximately $16,000. .The
3 barn was modeled after the dairy
r barn at Clemson College, with added
3 improvements and is ,considered one
of the largest and most complete in
. the state.
! 'C. Fred -Williams, -M. D., superina
3 tendent of the state hospital, - said
3 that the new barn had been erected
ibecause the old barn was inadequate
for the needs of the institution. The
., old barn did not meet the require
.ments of the health officers.
Feasibility of Packing Plants.
Government officials began a trip
of several days through the lower1
section of the state to investigate the
feasibility of establishing a packing
Iplant. Included in the party were:
W. W. Long, head of the Clemson eel
lcge farm dernonstration forces. and,
B. H. Rawl, chief of the dairy divis
)ion, United States department of agri
rculture. Plans are under considera
i tion for the establishment of two
I plants in South Carolina. - -
Tick Quarantines Raised.
Th Feea govelrnent has just
relasd 973 sqar miesin the
south from quarintine on -account of
the cattle tickc. Of this~territory 1,866
square miles are in South Carolina as
follows: Calhogn (all) 391; Saluda
(all) .435; Lexington (all) 833; .Flor-l
ence (remainder) 207.
New Enterprises Authorized. I
The People's Telephone company of~
Bowman has been commissio~ned,'-'with
a capital of $500. The petitioners 'arecj
3. S. Cook. R. E.~ Smith and V. P
-The Cash Store of Ridge Spring
has ben commissioned, with a capi
tal of $1,000. The petitioners are J-.
B. Whitten and S. S. Covin.
The Pauline Oil and Fertilizer com-:
pany of Pauline in Spartanburg -coun
tr-y has been commissioned with a
capital of $6,000.
-The Columbia Automobile Dealers'
association of Columbia has-been com
r missioned by the- secretary of state;
with a capital of'$500. The petitioners
are A. M. Gibbes and C. M. Asbill.
The association will promote the au
tomobile business in the city of Co
The Commonwealth Building and
Loan association of Charleston has
been commissioned, with a -minimium
capital of $1,000 and a maximum 'cap
Ital of $100,000. The petitioners'are:
A. 3. Riley, M. E. 'Kennedy. W. J.
.O'Hagan, John McAlister,.- John T:
Roddey and Jaites L. C6sgrove.
ation to be hiel
PICKENS BOY FIRST TO FALL
Fied A. Grffin, Native South Caro
linian- Killed .at Columbus, N. M.
Sentry Who Gave The Alarm.
Easley.-Fred A. Griffin, the first.
American killed in the raid by Villa's
banditiforce.:on:Colambus;. N.M., was
a native- of Pickens county. He was
23 years' old'and iad 'been in the -army
for about five years. He came of one
of the best known families of this
county. He was 'a private in Troop
K, Thirteenth -United States cavalry.
stationed' at Columbus.
Mr. Griffin was a son -of Ambrose
Griffin; a well -known -farmer of 'Pick
ens county, lIving near the county
seat. Young Griffin's grandfather
Capt. ;Griffin, is one of the county's
best known-citizens. Fred Griffin had
been -in. the army for -about five years..
He 'has-many relatives: in :Pickens, the
family being well -known: throughout
the county. - E
Fred Griffin was --one of the first
Americans to feel. the fire of tje in
duty:.when .Villa's bandits . launched
their charge and he at- once gave. the
alarm by .firing -into':the. body of Mex
ilcans. His- rifle spoke death for at
least tso-- Mexicans 'before - he :as
Fred A.' Griffin was the. third sol
dier of his family.. ifls :father, Am
brose Griffin. was a volunteer in 'the.
-United States- army in the Spanish
American-=war and-sa' -service .in
Cuba. His-grandfather, Capt. J. A.
Griffin, is a well _lnown Confederate
:veteran of Pickens 'couity.
Moonlight Schools Popular.
Greenville.-The moonlight system
of free sc'hools, which has been con
4acted so snu'cessfully in North Caro-.
lna and. other states, -;is.. becoming
iery popular- in this --county and the
ttendan etrecords Jiave: far exceed
d the e xectations..ot those interest
fn the movement. J. B. Davis, coun
y superintdniietof - edcation, said
that the -:total enrollment .i to .-date
mounfed to 625 students. "I consider
Iis a remarkable showing;" said Mr.
v?, "talng into considerition the
cf. that the' schools were 'started
a. -short time ago.
White Heads Anderson College.
Anderson.-The Rev. John E. White.
p.D.,, pastor of .the- First Baptist
church of Anderson, has been elected
Fesidiat 'of . Anderson college. suc
eeaing Dr. James P. Kinard, who re
igned a few -weeks . ago. The board
of -deacons of the church voted unani
mously' to- recommend - to the congre
gation- that Dr. White :be '-allowed - to
accept the presidency carrying on the
duties of pastor 'and president at the t
Columbia.-B. H. Teague, major
general, eommanding -the South Caro
-lina division. United Confederate Vet
erans, officially announces' that the I
state reunion will be held this year at
Rock Hill. April 25 and 26. By his
appointment the "official ladies" of
the division are , Miss Virginia . Sanig
ders, sponsor, Stateburg; Miss Nell 1
Mantagale: Carter, maid of -honor, Col
umbia, and Mrs. William L. Saun-I
ders, matron -of honor, Stateburg.
Child Burns to Death.
..Sumter.-Swinson Ray, .the .18
months-old infant of Mr. and' Mrs. E.1
R. Taylor, was -burned to death' when
his clothing caught fire 'while he- and
his twin bi-other were playing. - Mrs.1
Taylor was in an. adjacent room and'
ran to. the rescue of the .little' fellow
upon hearing his screams.. She was4
badly burned about the hands in try-I
ing to extinguish the flames.
-Pythians Goinp to Columbia.
Columbia.-Chick Springs' - misfor
tune, th'at 'resort having fallen of late
into ~the baiikruptcy. 'court,- has
brought Columbia the good fortune of
entertaining this spring the. South. Car- I
olina grand lodge, Knights of Pythias.
The annual convention will be held in
Columbia May 23-24.
SOUTH CAROLi1lA NEWS ITEMS.
Goi. Midniiinig has~ 6i'dered an elec
tion for May 9 on the. 9.uestion of an
nexin~g :small 'portion 'ot-'Bei-keleyt
John T. Melton, cashier of the Na.
tional State Bank at Columbia, died
a few days ago. -
Governior~ Mannling spent the. veek
end in Florida.'
Fire-recently destroyed the Gettys
Hotel at Blacksburg. Damage is esti
mated at about SS,000.' --i .
The population of Greenville at the
census of 1910 was -15,74,-atdt is
~stimted that it was 17,395 on July
1, 1914. S
Ralph -Tate of- -Daielers -Rest ~1n
Greenville county is among the young
South Carolinians seivIhty in the bor
der patrol in the Southwest. Mr. Tate
was a leader among, the'- boy -cot
growers of the Piedmont and' his
ac-hivements in that line cdrned him -
year -ago. - t
The. first cattle sale in the .splendid
new stockyards at Rock Hill has been
postponed from March 22 until 'March
29, one w~eek- later.
Sumter is irstalling- a modern fire- t
The Orangeburg city council has 1
eeided to construct its own building
for the municipal water, light and I
power plant .and w-ill not award the 1
biness to a, contractor.r
Twe~rvan South Carolinians l
have enroll for service at the mill- <
tary ';r:.'cnng camp -to be'- held this
::h:g as 1.. O? horpe, near ':hat- t
1ll Furnish M
rEACHERS FROM ALL OVER
SOUTH CAROLINA GATHER IN
'OLD MANY CONFERENCES
4umerous Interesting Addresses Are
Heard and Important New Courses
.Columbia.-Educators-of South Car
ina assemble in Columbia for the
nnual convention of the State Teach
rs' association. The program com
irises sectional conferences, banquets
und:many important meetings .and
iscussions. At the opening of the
issociation proper the principal ora
or was .Brue R. Payne, president of
leorgePeabody College, Nashville.
'he president of the association,
uenry Nelson Snyder of Spartanburg,
elivered- his annual address.
Addressing. the State Association of
Delementary. Schools. in the hall of the
touse of representatives at the state
capital, William Knox Tate of George
'eabody college, Nashville, formerly
tate supervisor- of elementary rural
clhools in. South Carolina, pointed the
eachers ahead to the big responsibil
ties which will be theirs in helping
o make the readjustments which must
ollow the present war and in which
tmerica must lead. Prof. Tate term
d his address a "heart to heart talk
iith old friends," expressing his pleas
re .at .being back among his co-work
irs after an absence of two years and
.suring them that he keeps in'- line
ith ail educational progress in South
Over 50 colleges and high school
eachers -of English met in city coun
:l chamber and organized the South
;arolina Conference . . of English
['eachers. Officers for the~ ensuing
car were elected, as follows: Presi
ent, G. A. Wauchope of the Univer
ity. of South Carolina; vice president,
. C. Daniel of the Darlington schools;
ecretary-treasurer, W. T. Myers of
The department of superintendence
if the State Teacherk' association met I
a 'the supreme -court roogi: - William
;. : Bynum of Georgetown, the presi.!
lent, made an Introductory talk, urg
ng a change In the certification of
eachers, a two session school day and
tatewide compulsory attendance.
J. C. Daniel of Darlington read--a
>aper on "The Attitude of the School
rowards Home Study," in which he
mtlined -certain plans for the elimi
iation of study' troubles. Another
>aper of interest was that by D. R.
User of Bluffton on "The Backwater
?upl and What to Do With Him."
A motion to ask trustes ~to order
two session school day was tabled
y a vote of 32 to 6. The resolution
sking for the divided session was In
roduced by L . Baknight, ~super.
ntendent of the Latta. schools.
South Carolina alumni and alumnae
f George Peabody College for Teach
-s, Nashville, organised a perma
ent state chapter of the general as
ociation at a banquet at the Jeffer
on hotel.~ 'The dinner was much en
oyed," an enthusiastic alumna said;
everybody had something to say."
The registration of delegates reach
d a total of more than 1,200, which
400 in excess of the gross registra
ion of the meeting last year at Flor
Plan -For Firemen.
.Orangeburg.-At a joint meeting of.
he Orangeburg clhamber of commerce
.nd agriculture and the Orangeburg.
remen held at the court house big
lans were made for the entertainment
>f thie State Firemen's Association
hich meets in Orangeburg in June.
'his meeting was very largely attend.
d and Orangeburgers -are enthusiastic
ver the coming of the fire laddies to
The tournament :this year will be
he best yet. It is expected that 15,
00 people willF be in Orarz -;:.= on
he big day of the races. A special
ace course will be prepared on one
f the best streets and so far as the;
rack is concerned it will be as good
s ever .for the firemen.
Gap May Be Removed.
Greenville.-lf the Piedmont &
orthern lines enjoy a substantial in-,
rease in revenue during thc next six:
onths, the "gap" in the territory
erved will be eliminated. That is.
the patrons of this electric road
Ill rally to its support and throw a:
rge volume of business to the road:
r the next .half year the line from
*partanburg to Gastonia will be con
tructed. A statement to this effect:
ras made by Gant. E. A. Smyth, a
irec tar of the Piedmont & Northern.
the chamnber of commerce.
Packing House For Orangeburg.
iceting w~as held when it was posi
[vely decided that Orangeburg would
rovide a $40.000 to $50,000 packing
use. The meeting was one of the
lst representative meetings ever
ed in this county and the court
ouse was filled. The purpose of the
ieting was to discuss a packing
cuse for Orangeburg. W. W. Long
the government agricultural de
artec:: and of Clemson college wes
e principal speaker andJ he came te
rangeburg to deliver an address.
usic for the
GET BEST PRICE FOR BUTTER
Important to Have Flavor Pleasing-to
Senses of Smell and Tate-Put
in Neat Package.
In order to secure the best price for
butter it must have a flavor which s
so pleasant to the sense of smell and
so sweet to the taste that it will cre=
ate a desire for more. The texture,
grain and closeness should be waxy.
and firm, and not salvy, greasy or
crumbly. It should be close in body,
not spongy, and contain not-too much,
nor too little, moisture.
The color should be uniforui and.ac
cording to the requirements -of the
market. Salting according to- the de-,
mand of the market for which. the but-.
ter is intended is an. importait: fea
ture. Too much salt destroys --the
sweet taste, and too little salt::makes f
the butter insipid and tasteless.
The package in which the butter is.
marketed demands careful considera
tion. The appearance of the package
when the .butter goes to marset.is-one
of the things that helps to All, that
butter. The package ought to ibe-eat,
clean and attractive- The ono-pouind
brick print is the style most used- and
is superior'to the plan of. putting the
butter up' in rolls or otherwise; for
it can be handfed at less cost -and with
less waste. .- -
The~ butter, of course, should. be -
wrapped in parchment or butter 'pa
per, which should be of-good quality,
of proper size and dipped in-'cold wa=.
ter before being used. It pays well to
have some special brand printed on
the wrapper in fancy letters -withthe -
name of the maker or the name of the
farm. The prints ought to-weigh not
less than 16% ounces each, the, extra
weight being for shrinkage before
reaching the consumer. TheAtine of r
marketing deponds on local conditions, 1
VALUE OF BEET PULP RATION
Results Given of Five Weeks': Test
. Made at Massachusetts Station
Gain Made in Weight.
In a.test for five weeks conducted t
by the Massachusetts station, sixsews i
were fed by 'the reversal method ~on x
a ration of hay, bran and cottonseed I
meal to which- was added.4.3 pounds
of either cornmeal -or of beet pulp
daily. The herd lost in live weight 33
pounds on the cornmeal ratioii and
gained 37 pounds -on therbeet-pulp ra -
There was no substantial variation -
in the yield or-average composition of
the milk. It'requiredfor the-cornmeal
ration 112 pounds of dry matter to pro
duce '100 pounds of milk and -20.51
pounds to' produce one pound" of
milk fat,- for: - the. beet pulp -.ration
110.72 pounds and 20-.54:pounds respec
tively. In a-similar experi ient to the
above, molasses, beet pulp and corn
meal were compared.
The amounts of digestible nutrients
in each ration were,approximately the'
same. The -herd gains w~ere simlilar
There was no 'wide variation in milk
yields and only a slight advantage in
the production of milk-fat with the
corn meal ration. -
It required for the corn meal ra
tion 104.4 pounds of milk, and 18.72 K
pounds to produce one pound of fat~
for the molasses -beet pulp ration I
1081 and 19.87 pounds, respectively. - 1
HANDY MILKBOTTLE HOLDERj
Device Patented by Washington Man
Holds Receptacle Securely-In its
-Cats will upset the milk bottle now~
and then, especially after- they- hareI
developed the habit. Other times it
- - -
Mft ishler Bottl Holdente by -
a Palouse (Wash.) man, the milk bot
te is securely held in place. A metal.
ie plate is securcly hinged .onto. the t
pper end of the holder to cover the
ap and hold it securely in place. This, j
esides keeping the dog or cats from p
lawing the cap out to get to the milk, e
>revents dirt from settling on the cap y
o cause annoyance and keeping it from1
falling into the bottle and its contents i
hen opcned. A continuous piece of
ire is used in making the main por
ion of the holder. This wire is so
elded together smoothly that there c
re no rough edges to catch and tear
he band or clothing. The wire makes
loop beneath the bottom of the bot
le so that it may act as a sort of -
cshion to prevent breaking in case
f beinig set down hard. The doublet
and abort the center of the bottle a
rvout it being struck against the
ement curb or stone when set down
y the carrier. -
NO ALUM-N09H ..
. Fiis~~ -4
marmer Soud ,Not A y
:Cloely, Wiedn n U
$mp 'the gock i'
any oight._ fa
tthe'Nonble-is: they ' "
dds of i Itwib
at o .he 'good ti'saumn ad
-ork as long as they i-e,
rteisendnmg6;g. eeii ....-.. -_.al
et; tee -r:a not;
tramt - ---
:cos~ ahnecessity, Afi h
CI lSe~y~ Outune rnh 0
.Genri of all poo st
>u have a mLdfo~C't
>rnli5 oedb redhfi
eyr are.ot purebredthe
oiner you trorn mn
re as, orga thef-bu/.-or t 1
- th b i fot mpoedp f
id loktwithpib ret
se -n~hi bl. - .. . .
Itas rued ta P uif yous'il ino
at mUnitedaree-o o~nene
try marmed - hes.ote-clr.e
tein tembe uto'thro ax1enht M
ecoeshn a nesiye a~,they suarre
td tose seltedrhens. -nIther--ar
I> oukresof tis zariet dow ir
om Get ridoall obest ut incop
wethepuer Barrd Rcks
Thre., imdsbe, some.ans m
'o ae aor meen these. mate .bifds~
pldnli. ohe baleced hen in ir st
emselves duredsg thedbreedjg~ -s
ey areigt.pTu'cann'o tberec ~tbfng
o ve you froihu-sm i ~
:pese en or fitehensf, r wft
alte.eg you naee .for
-t .in By antheroer yosh
alcoe to thead-l pouree -rn seln
[~nfd flek, wih sibill jr3iinfld
lling -and stgod beecausne-otfe a -
resntCeir ood .
t istr hat wateru~'wlldprv
ak te e from e-d ~ Yu
hestrke Tfeuhef-te oo e
4th 19ete 1es I~hr