Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XxVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 1916.
AUSTRIANS DROP BOMB AS CZAR
iS REVIEWING RUSSIAN
HURT IN PANIC THAT ENSUES
General is Bitteerly Reprimanded For
Not Having Sufficient Airman to
Guard the Ruler.
Berlin, via wireless.-A narrow es
cape for Emperor Nicholas of Russia
from bombs dropped by an Austrian
airman is reported in Stockholm ad
vices by the Overseas News Agency.
"The Emperor was reviewing the
troops in company with General Brus
siloff (comander of the Russian forces
on the southwestern front) when sud
denly and Austro-Hungarian flier ap
peared and dropped numerous bombs
which landed among the troops, who
fled in wild disorder," says the news
agency statement. "The Emperor, ac
cording to the reports, was hurt and
had a narrow escape, the incident
causing him entirely to lose his self
possession. In consequence, the re
ports added, General Grussiloff was
bitterly reproached and General Ivan
off was recalled to the southwestern
AFTER HARMONIOUS WORK
ARE ON VERGE OF CLASH.
Majority Leader Kitchen is Striving
to Reach Working Agreement
Washington.-House Democrats and
Republicans, after having worked to
gether harmoniously for four and a
half months, are on the verge of a
clash over the legislative program for
tre remainder of the session.
The majority, because- of carrying
out the wishes of the house in push
ing through the Philippine and ship
ping bills as quickly as possible, is
threatening to invoke drastic rules
which will insure the measures right
of way. The minority while making
no threats are conducting what ap
pears to be a mild filibuster on the
agricultural appropriation bill and
urging consideration of the fortifica
tions or appropriation measures in
liau of the President's special meas
Minority Leader Mann says he is
willing to come to an agreement with
the Democrats but that "the White
House can't tell us what we must do"
and he is waiting for the Democrats
to make the next move. In the mean
time the Democrats are having many
conferences in Majority Leader Kitch
in's office in an endeavor to reach a
working agreement while on the floor
such problems as poisoning coyotes,
fighting the hessian fly and preserving
the buffalo are being discussed at
GERMANS SINK ITALIAN
AND FRENCH STEAMERS.1
London. - The Italian steamer Jo
seph Agost Tcherzec has been sunk
by a German submarine. The crew
Lloyds announces that the French
bark Chanaral. of 2.476 tons gross,
was torpn ed on Saturday morning.
The crew is believed to have been
The captain and 16 .cands of the
British steamer Feliciana, 4,277 tons
gross, have been picked up by a
steamer, according to a Lloys report.
Search is being made for the rema~in
der of the crew. The Feliciana Is a
total loss. Another report says none;
of the crew has been saved.
REPORTS THAT VIL.LA
HAS BEEN LOCATED.
.Presidio, Texas.-A messenger has
reached Ojinaga, opposite here, with
the report that Villa is at Agua Chili,
100 miles south of Ojinaga in the
Camaro district with 200 followers.
One hundred and fifty Carranza sol
diers are encamped on the Chonchas
River about four miles from Ojinaga.
LOPEZ, ONE OF VILLA'S
LEADERS, IS CAPTURED.
El Paso, Tex.-Pablo Lopez, Willa
lieutenant held responsible for the
murder of 17 Americans at Sante
Ysabel ar-d who was shot through both
legs in the raid on Columbus, N. M.,
was captured by Carranza forces near
the scene of his crime, adcording to
Information received by General Ga
vira, commandant at Juare:. Mes
sages from the Mexican Government
operator at Santa Ysabel said that he
himself had seen~ Lopez.
Governor Names Education Board.
The terms of the old members hav
ing expired Gov. Manning appointed a
new state board of education. The
new members are: Henry Nelson
Snyder of Spartanlburg, S. H. Edmunds
of Sumter, Arthur~ Young of Charles
ton. S. J. Derrick of Newberry, M. J.
McGarity of Aiken, E. A. Montgomery
of Blacksburg and W. L. Brooker of
Florence. Members retirinig are. D. B.
Peruifo.-. S. McG. Simkins. D. W.
Daniel. A. G. Reinbert. W. R. Koon,
D. T. Kinard, and A. J. Thackston.
Teaspoon Not to Be Trusted.
The teaspoon is unreliable as a
sneans of measuring a dose. It Yf
ges from sixty to ninety mninims.
A man's true wealth hereafter Is the
good he has done in the world to his
feillowmen; when he dies, people will
ask, what prop-rty has he left behind
goodi dh-.:s oas he .seat before him?
FAR FROM SETTLED0
REPORT THAT MEXICAN OFFI
CIALS WARNED GEN, PERSH
ING TO STOP.
FELIX DIAZ NOW TROUBLES MI
Starts Revolution Against De Facto
Government.-Diaz Movement Has Sta
Washington.-While immediate in
terest naturally centers in the situa- t&
tion as to the troops in Mexico there
were renewed indications about the wa
State Department that a wholly differ
ent aspect of the Mexican problem was leg
causing growing concern. That is the wil
movement supposedly headed by Felix oth
Diaz, nephew of the former Mexican for
dictator, for a new revolution against Thi
the de facto Government. None of wa
the information upon which the un
easiness rests has been disclosed. It
is known, however, that several Mexi- bh
cans in the United States are being
closely watched and it is possible that an
some of the anti-American feeling in ed
Chihuahua state which has met the I
troops pursuing Villa may be attribut- con
ed to this movement. and
It is admitted that official dis- re
patches had carried as a rumor the, dis
report that Mexican officers had warn- sec
ed General Pershing not to proceed iti
south of Parral. It was learned at the an
State Department that a report to this top
effect was transmitted some days be- Z
fore the Parral incident through con- by
sular agents. Mr. Baker insisted that rec
the warning had made no change in: fro
the department's orders to the border the
It was indicated that a reply to con
General Carranza's telegram regard- tur
ing the clash at Parral and asserting ot
that the American Government had sen
violated his orders and the agreement
with the de facto government in enter
ing the town would be dispatched C
soon. War Department officials say a s
the report on the incident from Gen- ed.
eral Pershing, Major Tompkins and noe
other officers Is now complete. It nas ivel
been withheld from publication be- ass+
cause of the flat contradiction it con- Car
tains of the Mexico City advices from Wo
General Carranza as to the part his vill
troops played in the fighting With ed
this report as a basis, the Parral inci
dent will be treated as a matter en. coll
tirely separate from the suggestion of say
the de facto government that the ' "-Po
troops be withdrawn. MI
RUSSIA CLOSES ARTIC
AND WHITE SEA PORTS. C
Purely Military Measure For Purpose wa_
of Movement of Troops- pla<
\Washington.-Russia Embassy dis- hel'
patches announcing the closing of tiva
Arctic and White Sea ports offer no C
explanation. It was said at the Em-: Ear
bassy that the suspension of traffic Ma:
will be complete except in the case of Col
vessels carrying government cargoes Sur
and even in that case they can secure Hi:
admission to the ports only by special P
permit from Petrograd. It is assumed foll!
by officials here that the closure Is a Det
purely military measure incident to; Uni
the use of ports for embarkation for tont
the heavy Russian reinforcements go- Bat
ing forward to France. The necessity two
f guarding the troops transports has yea
bliged the Russian government to jing
regard a: anemy vessels all but gov- T
rnmnt-ownedi or chartered ships, and was~
o re duce .to a minimum the danger H.
f destroying neutral vessels the ports Fou
ave been closed. M-1ui
BDY DUG UP NOT mee
THAT OF GENERAL VILLA.D.
Field Headquarters of General Per
hing by wireless to Columbus. N. M.
-American military authorities de
ailed to investigate the report thatth
the body recently disinterred at San
rancisco Borja was that of Francisco
Villa reported that they were unable
to obtain confirmation. n
RESIDENT AND MRS. WILSON
VISIT SAYRE BABY. edu
Philadelphia.-The President and com
rs. Wilson arrived here and spent A pr
n hour with the President's daught- S N
Br, Mrs. Francis B.. Sayre, and his 7
rand-daughter, Eleanor Axson Sayre.
orn in Jefferson Hospital, this city. por
arch 26. itr
It was anonunced that the grand m~
hild weighed eight and a half pounds. 0
drs. Wilson was given a photograph "
f the baby.te
Editor Suffers Accident. GE!
Gaff ney.-S. F. Parrott. editor of the
herokee News of Gaffney. suffered ap
very painful Injury one afternoon re- fore
ently when he was knocked from~ his :iew
bicycle by another rider. Mr. Parrott mar
struck the brick paving with terific.
force and was~ rendered u noos
for a considerable ;nrio:1. The c:her War
rider escaped without injury. Dr. S. madl
. Sherard reported that Mr. Parrott'7
Is restdng w',ell at this writir and that lf
'io serious trouble is li 17 t re-slt. -
Chances Are That Escort Didn.'t.
Photographer (takiing plain-looking -
girl and her escort--Now, try; rot i tr
think of yourselves at all-think o**it
omethirlg pleasant.'--LOndonu OjJiO ant
In the Wake of Great War.
A great vtar leaves the courtry with At
hree armies-an army' of cripples, a--.hr
.rmy of mnourners and an army c< ishi
a-l__.-Gra ?ro..- IOhic
~FFORD ORATOR TAKES FIRST
PLACE IN PROHIBITION
SS MANNING WINS ESSAY
te Convention of Inter-College
eague Held Annual Sessions In
olumbia.-The second annual ora
ca contest of the Intercollegiate
Libition association in this state
held in the university chapel here.
D. Whisonant of Wofford col
> won the first place and Mr. Car
e of Clemson came second. The
er contestants were Messrs. Hanna
Carolina and Bewen for Furman.
subject of the winning oration
> "The Morning Cometh."
'he orations were read and graded
one set of judges for the value of
subject matter and composition
the second set of judges consider
delivery and appearance.
he state intercollegiate prohibition
vention held its business meeting
reports from the respective clubs
e heard and general club work was
ussed. Harry S. Warner, general
retary of the Intercollegiate prohib
n association gave an informal talk
dealt especially with conference
ics and local club work.
he convention passed a resolution
unanimous vote placing itself on
)rd as calling for an expression
n each congressional candidate in
191G cansaign on the question
nationwide prohibition. This is
sidered one of the strongest fea
as of the work in this state. An
er question discussed by the as
bly was the law which allows each
son one gallon of whiskey per
n recommendation of Mr. Warner
ate policy committee was appoint
whose duty it is to look out for
or special work and to keep act
y forward the specific policy of the
,ciation. Messrs. Harrison of
olina, Carwile of Clemson, Ellis of
ford and Miss Asbury of Green
a Woman's college, were appoint
on this committee.
[iss Georgia Manning of Columbia
ege won the state prohibition es
contest at Chicora College for
men. Other contestants were
s Rigsby of Greenville Woman's:
Doctors Select Spartanburg.
harleston.-At the annual session
he convention of the South Caro
Medical association Spartanburg
selected as the next meeting
~e. The 1917 convention will be
there during the May Music fes
ificers elected are: Dr. C. B.
le. Grenville, president; Dr. C. R.
7,Benenttsville. Dr. C. B. Kibler,
ambia, and Dr. II. M. Stucker.
:ner. vice presidlents; Dr. E. A.
es. Seneca. secretary-tre asurer.
istric t councilors were elected as
~ws: Scondc, Dr. J. S. Matthews,
mark: l'ourth. Dr. R. R. Berry,
on; Sixth!. Dr. W. S. Lynch. Sr:ran
; Eighth. Dr. W. P. Timmerman,
esburg. Councilors are elected for
years. for the even district one
-and the odd districts the follow
he board of medical examiners
re-elected as follows: Dr-. Harry
Wyman. Aiken; Dr. H-. L. Shaw.
rutain Inn; Dr-. A. M. Broilsfordi
lns. and Dr. A. Earli Boozer, Co
de closing was a strictly scientific
ting. featured with addresses by
W. J1. Mayo of Roebe-ter. Min~n.,
D~r. L. F. Baker cf Joinhs T-Hn-kins
I:-it. :- rm the talXs by
.e two prominent medicali men,. the
son was taken up entirely with
red a f ptapem oni varied phases
'edc c:;l serrical practice deal
with ea::es that ve actually been
er the observa >:n of the ,umhors.
~vr' Di:trict Ha School Levy.
Tuba-h W-tt -le:artment of
at ;a: was rnetW~&. that the last
he 5G school istricts of York
tv voted a local tax oe- 5 mil
il 15. "This is one of the most
artory accompihments of thia
-. tai'dI uprintendenlt J. E.
:-icn. int commenting on the r-e
."No better ev-idence of the cot
etive leader'ship of Cournty Super
"dent J. E. Carroll coudld 1.e aitcrd
Heo had 5t0 commutinities ta reac'e.
the work has taken years of pa-,
t. tactful labor.
iMANS DRiVEN OUT
OF NEWLY-WON TRENCHES.
~rin. via London.-The German
es ere comp elied to evacuate
l-won trenches on the Lange
ek-Ypres road ou account of high
s, which made the consolidation
dpositions impossible. according
statement issued by the German
Office. A hard gronate attack
Sby the 1t;ti.-ht south of SI. Eltse
t-.j-:lred. French trenches c-n ti;
b::mk of the Meuse cast of Hiau.
21::e a Lrd.
'o &-stroy ants' nests near plants
lowers stick some sulphur matches
the ground, heads down. The
s will leave and th~e plants be not
all injiured.--McCall's Magazine.
,- cannot wi.lhtr nor cr~tom stale
l'inite sada's af entries on the
;-hand page of the bank book.
BACOT TO H-.9 LAWYERS
Charleston Man Named President of
As Next Meeting Place.
Charleston.-Thomas W. Bacot of
Charleston was named president, other
officers were elected and much busi
ness of a routine nature transacted
at the closing business session and
with a banquet at the Charleston hotel
the 23rd annual convention of the
South Carolina Bar association ad
journed to meet In Greenville next
year if the indorsement of that city
by the convention is given considera
tion when the executive committee,
comes to select the next meeting
place. The outstanding feature of the.
final session was an address by Peter
W. Meldrim of Savannah, ex-president
of the American Bar association, who
indorsed as a means of preventing
wars, an international court to arbi
trate differences that from time to
time arise between nations.
"The Constitution Between Friends";
was the subject of an address by A.
L. Lawton of Savannah, who spoke
for H. D. Eastbrook of New York, who
was unable to be present.
The session closed with the elec
tion of the following officers: Thos.
W. Bacot of Charleston, president; W.
C. McGowan of Columbia, secretary,
and John T. Sloan of Columbia, treas
Beginning with the First circuit, one
vice president was elected from each
circuit as follows:
William L. Glaze, Orangeburg; C.
A. Best, Barnwell; W. C. Davis, Man
ning; W. F. Dargan. Darlington; John
P. Thomas, Columbia; W. E. Douglas,
Winnsboro; W. S. Hall, Jr., Gaffney;
I. H. Hunt, Newberry; B. A. Hagood,
Charleston; T. J. Watkins, Anderson;
C. J. Ramage. Saluda; M. C. Woods,
Marion; J. J. McSwain, Greenville,
and J. G. Padgett, Walterboro.
Members of the executive commit
tee: R. -B. Herbert, Colum;:; iEn
Hill Brown, Spartanburg, and Wil
liam G. Sirrine, Greenville.
Flames Consume Dry Kiln.
Sumter.-Fire destroyed the dry
kiln of the Penn-Sumter Lumber com
pany, causing a loss of approximately
$6,000. covered by insurance. In the
kiln was 140,000 feet of poplar and
pine lumber, the value of which was
estimated at around $3,000. The fire
men had a hard fight to prevent the
fire from spreading to great riles of
lumber in the surrounding yard, but
were aided by the brick walls of the
kiln which held up until there was suf
ficient steam for the steamers to check
the fire. A stiff breeze fanend the
flames which burned fiercely for about
Winthrop Wins Contest.
Rock Hill.-In the second annual
contest of the Catawba Oratorical as
sociation held in the auditorium of the
high school. Frank Law of Winthrop
Training school won first in the boys'
contest, Robert Bratton of York sec
ond and Elliott Haney of Rock Hill
third. In the girls' contest Miss Jes
sie Rabb of Winthrop won first, Miss
Myrtle Scroggins of Rock Hill second.
Creamery Begins Operations.
Spartanburg-With ta supply of SO
gallons of cream on hand tlie Spartan
burg Co-operative creamery began op
erations. Approximately 200 pounds
of butter resulted from the first day's
churning. The first day's product, it
is understood, will be placed on the
local market. but later the entire out
put of the plant will be sold by con
tract to a Charleston concern.
Lettuce Brines Big Pr-l~ce.
Beaufort.-One car of lettuce was
sold in New York '-ecently for W. R.
Eve, Jr., of this place for over $1,900,
breaking the Beaufort couunty record
for a carload sale. One acre of good
soil produces two carloads. Mr. Eve
le operating two farms and shipping
three and four cars of lettuce each
Burns Proved Fatal.
Hartsville.-Mrs. M. V. Howle, about:
70 years old. a wo-nan highly esteemn
ed andi of wide family connection, died
at the home of her son. Boyd Howle,
near Sydia, from the effect of burns.
She was burning some trash in the
yard when her clothing caught fire.,
When relativcs reac-hed her they were
too late to save her life. C
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
O 21-piece band is being organized
The Reav. H. B. Ryley. rector of St. e
James and St. Andrews Episcopal
-hurches at Greenville. announced he o
.uld a a the miis3-ry and .join the a
lara~l~eferc3to ?'ght for England..d
He is an IEnglishe r.n by birth.
One of the maost dis.istrous rural c
fires of Cer'e ecc cunty was that re- I
:ently v.:- i'n totally destroyedl the0
home :n-i.-very ba:-n and onthuse on I
the '-e "f T ir. . L. Zeier E
The 'i :.:(ce iAe that plana for a big
miit: college at Chick Springs wifl C
Co2 .iderable progress is beinga
made o:n Siartanburg's new $250,000
The S a:ter Chamber- of Commerc't v
s be--iuKing an active campaign to ti
rouis- i'rest amaong the farmers ofS
umt r -zcunty in the coming of the!
oll w:-evil in order that by Immedi- b
tely ::etti~g en foot diversuified farm- 01
nag ras th ill be ready to meet TI
he <nertache:, of the pest when it p
ncalen its appearance. t
frot tias th0 a~ cca; r' -- .. :
m Easter nz~r?"
Seek to Set Good Example.
The- blou sem- c-amot tell what be.
com'. L f he odecr, and no man can teE; n
what~ becomer:; of his example, thai:S
rolls away fron himn, and goes; beyond e
his hen on its perilous mission.--i
W Bnebhr. I0
State to Provide Course In Farming.
"One of the most important mea
ures passed at the 1916 session of th
legislature was the Toole act to prc
vide for the teaching of agricultur
in the public schools," said J. E
Sweadingen, state superintendent o
"Such a law has been urged ani
discussed for years. Mr. Toole ha
been an insistent advocate of the
policy, in and out of the legislature
The proposal was discussed through
out the gubernatorial campaign a:
'.The establishment of county or die
trict agricultural schools in othe
states has proved expensive. Thy
Toole plan is the outgrowth of the e=
periment conducted in Darlingtoi
county by state, county and distric
school officers, in co-orpration wid
"In the fall of 1914, Prof. J. M
Napier took charge of an agricultura
class in each of five consolidate
country schools. The principals cc
operated heartily by aiding him 11
class room instruction and filed ex
perimentation. The result was pro
nounced successful by men like D. R
Coker, Bright Williamson, L. W. Dick
V. E. Rector and D. L. Lewis. In th
fall of 1915, two additional expert
were employed in Darlington count:
and 14 schools organized regula
classes in agriculture.
"The act is based also on the Nichol
son rural graded school law of 1912
which has been so stimulating in pro
moting rural graded school progress
Three, four or five schools must cc
operate in the employment of an agri
cultural teacher. Each school mus
have an enrollment of at least 75
three teachers, a three-room building
an eight mill tax and a school farn
of at least two acres. The tax is re
ruired in order to insure adequate
support; the school farm is necessarl
in order to provide a demonstration
"The group of co-operating district,
supplies $750 and the state contribute:
an equal amount. A salary of $1,!0(
Is thus made a-iailable for the ernloy
ment of a trained teacher of agricul
ture, who may act as superintendent o:
the group of schools."
The act was approved March 27
In commenting upon the outlook
the state superintendent said that 1!
:r 15 groups of schools are readily
available. Anderson, Chesterfield, Col
etan, Darlington, Dillon, Florence
Greenville, Horry, Laurens, Oconee
Drangeburg, Spartanburg and Wil
amsburg, all have sections witl
schools that ought to undertake thie
work. In selecting the localities con
sideration must be given to good
'oads in order to prevent too mudt
aste of time in traveling from school
Letters have been addressed to the
ounty superintendents of education
n these 13 countics, urging them tc
ook into the local situation, confer
ith their district trustees and com
nunicate with the state superintend
All the agricultural and educational
orces'of the state and the nation are
ehind this movement. The appro
riation for 1915-16 was only $5,00
nd will, therefore, take care of only
seven groups of schools.
dany New Enterprises Chartered.
The City Realty company of Char
eston has been commissioned, with a
:apital of $5,000. The petitioners are
Valter B, Wilbur and J. J .Murray.
The Bishopville Lumber company 01
3ishopville has been commissioned,
ith a capital of 85,000. The peti
ioners are L. J. Dixon and B. D.
A charter has been Issued to the
jolumbia Automobile Dealers' assos
iation with a capital of $500. The
ificers are: A. M. Gibbes, president;
.B. Roddey, vice president, and C.
rI. Asbill, secretary and treasurer.
The secretary of state has issued a
ommission to the Burris Furniture
ompany of Union, with a capital of
5.000. The petitioners are W. H.
lurris and Thomas McNally.
The Pastime Amusement company
f Lake City has been commissioned,
rith a capital of $2,000. The peti
ionlers are: A. Weaver, L. E. Ne
niuth, J. A. Matthews, J. M. Trulurk
nd C. T. Hayman.
The Industrial Building and Lcan
ssociation of Georgetown has been
ommissioned with a capital of $30,
00. The petitioners are Edmund
'rioleau, J. B. Brockington, WV. 0.
lmpson, G. W. Howard and W. J.
The secretary of state has issued a
harter to the Cash Store of Ridge
pring, with a capital of $1,000. The
ficers are: J. A. Whitten, president
nd treas-urer; L. S. Colvin, vice presi
ent, and J. B. Whitten, secretary.
The secretary of state has issued a
ommission to the Ware Shoals Oil
lill comipany with a capital of $60,.
00. The petitioners are: B. D.
iegel, .J. F. McEnroe and T. J.
The secretary of state has issued a
ammission to the Carolina Naval
tores company of Walterboro, with
capital of $2,000. The petitioners
re J. B. Padgett and K. L. Benton.
The O'Donnell Dry Goods company
t Sumter has been commissioned.
ith a capital of $5.000. The peti
oners are Neill O'Donnell, Samuel
anders and R. P. Monaghan.
The Columbia Clay company has
een chartered with a capital of $200,
30. The officers are: Edward H.
itue, p'-sident; Eugene Evans, vice
resident, and T. J. Evans, Jr., secre,
try and treasurer.
"What did you tell ycur wife when
su got home. from the club last
ght?" "I tol [her shie was the
reetest woman in~ theo world."
In the Gym.
"So you have a gynasialm in your
ew house?" ~Yes," replied Dustin
tax. "Il spend an hour or two there
very day. 1 h:'.e swung up a ham
ock, and it's a nice place to take a
COURT TO REVIEW
ATTORNEYS ATTACK LEGALITY
B OF THE MEASURE-ANSWER
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
t the Progress of South Carolina Peo
pie, Gathered Around the State
I - Hearing on the petition of David
- B. Henderson of Charleston for an
1 order to prevent the attorney general
and the insurance commissioner from
enforcing the terms of the anti-com
pact fire insurance act was held be
fore the supreme court.
The petitioner was represented at
the hearing by T. Moultrie Mordecai,
r J. N. Nathans and A. T. Smyth of the
Charleston bar. The state officials
were represented by W. H. Townsend
of the Columbia bar and Thomas H.
Peeples, attorney general.
The arguments by the attorneys for
both sides contained many points and
The demurrer of the attorney gen
eral charged that the petition did not
state facts suffioient for a cause of
After hearing the arguments the
supreme court took the case under
In the argument by the petitioner's
attorneys it was charged that the
Laney-Odom act violates several sec
tions of the state constitution.
In his argument to the court the
attorney general stated that the pe
titioner "has not shown that he has
been injured or is threatened with
any injury by reason of the enforce
ment of the act of 1916 to prevent
fire insurance companies or associa
tions or partnerships doing a fire in.
surance business in this state to enter
into any compact or combination with
any other fire insurance companies,
associations or partnerships, approved
March 2, 1916; and he Is not in a posi
tion to ask this court to consider or
determine the constitutionality of this
act. " The attorney general also
stated that the respondents "would!
welcome a decision from the court
construing the act in question and
directing them as to their duty there
"The provision," said the attorney
general, "for violations of the act is
germane to its subjeet, and the act
is not to be considered as unconsti
tutional because there is no allusion
to these provisions in its title.
- "The fact that penalties are im
posed for violation of the provisions
of the act does not render these sec
tions void as being without title; forI
it would be a natural complement to
the act regulating the business of in
surance to include any just and prop
er provisions for enforcing the duties
Imposed upon the persons and com
panies affected and to prescribe pen
alties for the violation thereof."
Attorneys for the petitioners con-!
tended that the anti-compact law con
fers upon the lusurance commissioneri
both legislative and judicial powers.
"which under the constitution, can]
only be respectively exercised by the
legislative and judicial departments)
of the government of the state." It
vas also charged that the act de
prives the petitioner of the "property I
without due process of law."
Will investigate Catawba County.
Goy. Manning will appoint a corn
mnissena to investigate the matter of!
forming a new county cut of part of
York, Chester and Fairfield counties.!
Opposition to the appointment of the
commission was expressed at a he'er
in held several days ago before the
governor when several hundred citi
zens from the three counties were*
present, most of them urging that the;
commission be created.
It is urnderstood that actioni will be
brought in the supreme court to test
the constitutionality of the act aimed 3
at Ill shaped counties. Advocates of 2
the new county, to be known as Ca- I
tawba, told the governor at the hear
ing that he would not be asked for an
election order until the petition was
accompanied by a decision of the su- C
preme court on the ill shaped county
act, which was passed by the general
assembly In 1912.
Court Readits Lawvyer Sims.
C. P. Sims of Spa rtanburg has been a
readmitted to the practice of law In d
South Carolira by the supreme court. a
HTe was indefinitely suspended by an 'I
order filedi in April. 1914. The order l'
reinstating Mr. Si'ns was signed by all s
of the justices of the supreme court. p
ORDERS' TO SPEED UP
WORK ON U. S. FLEET.
Washington.-Orders to speed up C
repair and overhaul work on vessels
of the Atlantic fleet have been sent to P
the commapndants of the various navy
yards by Secretary Daniels. In case
of labor shortage the commandants
sre instructed to expedite the work by~
mploying the ships' personnel. The
move was explained as a "prepared h
cess tes3.' the execution of whichj
,vould illustrate how quIckly the ves E
tels could be restored to normal.b
eththas character us..ed have uc g<
:ear or his condition-character will oi
draw ccondition after it.-W. W..s
French serb-ant (to marketman)--b
"What! Ten francs for a chickeni
Are you mad? Why, that's equal to b
the price I've been charging my mie
tess for the fown-L'U"-Tlu1ntrnan.
phosphate may be
than Royal Baking
from cream of tar
they differ greatly
If a cheap bald
fine cake and the
there is a waste o
more than a whol
ing powder. -
finest food, and its
an actual saving.
CLEANING UP FIELD STONE
Problem of Vital Importance to Man
Farmers-Drag Made Along Lines
Shown Is Practicable.
How to get rid of surplus fBel
stones with the least labor is a prol
lem of vital interest to many farmers
While clearing up a stony farm w
have tried out many ways of handlin
the work. At one time we built a spe
cial tool for gathering up small stones
says a writer in Rural New Yorker. I
was, in effect, an "A" drag, with th
wide opening ahead. The stones an
clods are left in windrows about seve:
feet apart. When hauling away th
windrows the wagons can be loade
from both sides. A few years ago w
cleared an excessively stony field c
seven acres at a cost of $35 for th
time of the men employed. As mad
by us the tool was not entirely satli
factory; but the idea seems so we]
Device for Raking Stones.
worth developing that we give full de
ails. We-found a 3%-inch clear space
between teeth was too wide, and hale
ug it by inserting more teeth made
he teeth too close. A clear space o
f% inches would be about right. Th
:eeth should be heavy enou 'h to be
-igid. We used half-inch steel rodi
mnd had so miuch trouble with thi
;eeth bending that we fiall11 aban
loned the use of the tool. The teet]
;hould have a length of eight inche
n the clear. We found trouble in ad
usting the hitching to conform t<
rarying conditions of soil, the drai
ilting forward or backward too much
Ve believe that a drag made along thi
ines indicated and provided wit]
gheels at the corners would be a gooi
>ractical tool for clearing ground o
nimall stones, provided the soil can bi
lrst put in good condition. It wouli
ie pretty expensive on lumpy ground.
NJORK IN THE FARM WO0DL01
.ocation WIll Depend Upon Varioua
Conditions-Forest culture Re
quires Intelligent Work.
Forest culture is as much of an art
is Is corn culture. A good woodlot
Ike a good corn field, Is the resuli
if applying intelligent methods tc
produce a full, valuable crop. A conr
Lled with tail spots, empty hils,
eeble stalks, and half-filled ears is
teither r. credit to the farm nor a
>aying investment for the farmer. Nc
sore Is a woodlot half stocked with
sferior trees. When timber Is cut Is
he time of all times to apply forestry.
'he way in which the cutting is done
rill determine what the subsequent
ondition of the woodlot will be.
There Is a difference between farm
roodland and the farm woodlot. Farm
roodland Is farm land which has not
et been cleared. Farm woodlot Is a
arm which might best be used to
iean a part of a farm permanently
evoted to timber production, under
sound plan of farm management.
'he size and the location of the wood
>t will depend upon various con
[derations, of which the most Im
ortant are the home needs of the
rm, the character of the land, and
xe present and prospective market
>r material from the woodlot.
00D EGG-PRODUCTION HINTS
resence of Male Bird Has No Influ
ence on Number of Eggs Laid
Infertile Eggs Best.
Produce the infertile eggs.
Infertile eggs are produced by hens
aving no male bird with them.
Removing the male bird has no In
ience on the number of eggs laid
The hen's greatest profit-producing
triod Is the first and second years,
id unless a hen Is an exceptionally
>od breeder she should be disposed
at the end of her second laying
ason and before starting to molt.
Few eggs can be expected until the
filets are matured.
If possible, mark the pullets that
y in the fall, and use them in the
'eeding pen for the following spring.
Soft-shelled eggs are often caused
r fowls being confined, becoming
rs made from alum or
bought for a trifle less -
Powder, which is made
tar, derived from grapes.
are not only cheap, but
in leavening power.
ng powder is used for a
cake turns out a failure
f costly materials worth
e can of the cheap bak
Powder produc%: e
use therefore, res its in
NG POWDER CO.
BEST SOIL, FOR GRAPEVINES
Ground Should Be Strong Enough
t to Produce Without Use of Fer
B. tilizer-Pruning Systems.
I While grapes will grow satlsfacto"
rily in almost any type of soil, if given -
proper management, the type best suit:
a ed for grape culture is one permitt-ng
deep penetration -and an unrestricted
B spread of the rootlets. The ground
should be strong enough to produce
without the addition of a fertilizer.
Pruned Vine, Showing Crosa-Wire Sye.
tem of Training.
Soluble salts should not occur in e
cess, although the vine will endure
large proportions of alkali.
The deep rooting of grapevines is
absolutely essential to -long-lived
planits and the production of large
yields of excellent fruit. In Irrigated
sections, where rainfall does not co
cur during the growing season, the
Idepth of root penetration Is deter
mined by the abundhnce and location
of the moisture. Loose, open soils,
wetting easily to a good depth, per
mit deep penetration of the soil-mass
with feeding roots. Vines in such
soils make vigorous top growth, with
corresponding well developed stems
and spurs, and are capable, if prop
erly pruned, of bearing enormous crops
of well developed fruit of desirble
quality. , Compact soils, carrying large
percentages of moisture near the sur
face and none below, cause the plants
to become shallow rooted. The min
eral food supply Is consequently lim
ited and the roots are subjected to -
Iextreme and rapid changes of temper
ature and moisture. Such plants pro-.
duce inferior fruit, the yielding dur
ing season varies greatly, the produc
ing lifetime of the plant Is short, and
the vineyard Is likely to result in
financial loss. The selection of the
right type of sonl is therefore very
essential to success.
Pruning and training are also Impor
tant factors to consider In the culture
In the overhead system the vines
are carried upon a canopy of over
head arbor six feet. above the ground,
consisting of three horizontal wires
stretched at the same height. The
A Pruned Vine (A) and an Unpruned
Vine (B) Showing Method of
Training by the Overhead Caywood
-center wire is fastened to posts which
are placed at regular intervals, and
the side wires are attached to three
foot cross arms of wood fastened to
the posts. The head of the vine Is
annually cut back to five canes and
five spurs. The canes are fastened on
the wires, two In one direction and
three in the other, this division being
alternated each year. A and B showo
vines pruned and unpruned, trained
according to this system.
In the single cross-wire system posts
are set eight feet apart each way and.
made to project six and one-half
feet above the ground, a single wire
running on top from post to post in.
both directions. A single trunk vina
Is trained up each post, four canea
being run from It at the top of the
post and one cane is fastened to each
of the radiating wires. These cann