Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 3I AuE, 1
XXVIL. X X VAN.M ANIN, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 31, 1916. NO2~
STATE PRESS MEN
WILL GO TO YORK
OFFICERS OF ASSOCIATION AR
RANGE FOR MOVEMENT OF
EDITORS WHO ATTEND.
A LETTER TO ALL MEMBERS
Meets June 7-10-Dr. T. W. Williams
of New York Principal Speaker.
Expect Large Attendance.
York.-Final arrangements are be
ing made for the annual meeting of
the South Carolina Press Association
at York. June 7 to 10. The princi
pal address will be delivered this year
by Dr. Talcott W. Williams. dean of
the school of journalism. Columbia
University, New York. The largest
attendance in the history of the asso
ciation is expected at the York meet
The following notice has been sent
to every member of the State Press
Association with the request that the
officers of the association be informed
at once of the names of all mernbc:s
who will attend the annual meeting:
"The annual meeting of the South
Carolina Press Association, to be held
at York, beginning June 7, promises
to be the most largely attended that
the association has ever had.
"We are very anxious for every
member to attend. The hospitable
homes of York will be opened to all
newspaper editors, and their wives;
of course. It could not be a meeting
if the good ladies were not with us.
"As we must know at once whether
or not you are coming, you will please
acknowledge the receipt of the inclos
ed. This is necessary if you wish us
to obtain the railway transportation.
"Please give us the names of the
members of your family who are com
ing so that the committee on arrange
ments may find suitable homes for
you. We are looking for you. Fail not.
"William Banks. President.
"Joe Sparks. Secretary."
Members having annual passes will
not need transportation for them
selves over the Southern Railway.
York is at the intersection of the
Southern's line between Rock Hill and
Blacksburg and the Carolina &
All editors attending the meeting
this year will be routed by way of Co
lumbia and Chester. Arrangements
have been made by the general com
mittee for a special train on the Caro
lina & Northwestern railway to meet
train No. 31 over the Southern rail
way at Chester or. the afterncon of
une 7. The editors will arrive in
York in time for the first session on
Among the oldiguard to attend the
press convention will be N. G. Osteen
of Sumter. who will be present with
his daughter. Mi1ss Monetta Osteen.
who has been a favorite with the
members of the association. Mr. Os
ten began the printing business in
Columbia half a century ago. The Os
teen family i3 one of the best known
in news rper circles in the South. HI.
G. Osteen. a ion. is the publisher of
the Sumter Daily item.
Defense Scard Compiles Data.
Columbia.-Members of the South
Carolina unit of 'the naval reserve
board, recently created, held .a con
feence in Columbia at which time the
industries of the state were generally
classified and other matters consider
ed relative to the appointment of, aides
throughout the state. About 50 as
sistants, all civil engineers, have been
appointed. who will co-operate with
the central committee in collecting in
formation as to the natural recources
of the state. The names of the assist-I
ants were not announced. I
Industries classified were , cotton
mills, oil mills. foundries. machine
shops and all other manufacturing en
terprises. Members of the commit
tee are: W. M. Riggs, president of
Clemson College, chairman; John Mc
Nela. Columbia: H. L. Scaife, Clin
ton; James L. Coker, Jr.. Hiartsville;
and Richard N. Brackett. Clemson Col
Survey RaIlway Soon.
Spartanburg-Folowing a meeting
of the finance committee of the.. Careo
Una Rapid~ Transit Comprany. v-;hich
propfe ton or.wut an. citri li::
from Spartaidurg:.to Clinton- heM
he-e. -t was~ ann oomend that bi- f
the work of the pr-elimnar uv
will be oipened at the offica of W . L
Gray in Laurens roon. Thi :to
marks another riep in the preiinr
wrk connected with the pro (1fi
whc-h will extend from n nhr
to Clinton. with branc-h linea- tUin
State Board of H ealth Busy.
Reports from the laboratory of the
state board of health indicate nn
crease this year in the nem -: of
patents being treated fo- r-ahi3
Since January L, 120 have t
full treatment with 20 othcrs noy.
being treated. Two cases have 1.n
lost, which is the normal proportino
according to statistics gathered fr-om
wide arcac where the treat:nent has
been given. One patient dlied during
t-eatmec::~ while with another the
treatmen-t wvas ine;;ca ve. The tota:
:mmber treated last year was 21~.
To keep cheese~ rom2 molding in a
w-et season sprecad te cut surface
thinly with butter.
"The man wh'o can
repied her fri'nd Ru.h
I prea.: the man who asks L.i
RESIDENT HUNTERS' LICENSF
LAW NOW IN EFFECT-GAME
DISPATCHES FROM COLUMBIA
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of South Carolina Peo
pIe, Gathered Around the State
A. A. Richardson, chief game war
den of South Carolina, has just is
sued the following statement:
"At the 1916-session of the general
assembly Richland county and 14
other counties, not then affected by
the provisions of the resident hunters'
license law, were included under the l
provisions of the said law. This law
is now in effect and the licenses have
been placed on sale with the different
magistrates throughout the county
and the law will be strictly enforced
ft om now nn.
"The resident hunters' license law
requires that every hunter before
hunting any kind of game. whetiez
protected or unprotected game, shall
first procure a license, except land
lords and tenants and their children
on their freeholds and leaseholds, re
spectfully. The county license costs
$1 and is good only in the county.
The state license costs $3 and is good
to hunt in accordance with the laws
anywhere in the state. No county li
cense is needed for a person who has
a state license. A landlord may give
written permission to any resident of
his county to hunt upon his land, in
which event the written permit must
be carried upon the person of the
- afer and is a substitute for the
county license. No written permis
sion can be extended to any person
living outside of the county, a state
license is required for any non-resi
dent of the county. These 1?i.
that have been put on sale are good
until July 1, 1917.
"Licenses will be placed on sale in
the other new counties that have
come under the provisions of the
hunters' license law just as soon as
the governor appoints game wardens
and they qualify for their positions.
"I have received a great many in
quiries relative to the above mention
ed law and will thank you to pub
lish this article for the benefit of
Demand for Law Enforcement.
A general awakening among South
Carolinians in their attitude and de
mand for the enforcement of law waF
the bnden of the charge to the grand
jury of Richland co'mnty by Judge
Mendel L. Smith at the opening of
the May term of criminal court.
"The prohibitory law enacted by the
last legislature in rezgards to the al
of liquor," Judge Smith said. "w:::>t
the result of fanatic-isra but of the
general tendency throughout the bus
-iess world. Business men are find
ing out that the efficiency of their
employees as well as of themselves is
Impaired by the use of intoxicants and
they have created a strong and prac
tical sentiment against the use of
Cruise for Naval I" !itia.
Itinerary for t: nual cruise of
the South Carolin. .:al militia was
-announced in a letter received by the
adjutant general's office from the navy
department. There are 200 men and
officers in the four divisions of the
The four divisions have been ordered
to leave Charleston July 15 by rail
for the navy yard at Philadelphia. On
July 17-the divisions will embark on
the battleship Illinois and proceed to
Block Island on the New England
coast. The five days at sea will be
given up to drills and manouvers.
Two days will be spent at Newport,
R. I. The divisions will return to
Charleston the latter part of July.
Progress in Rebuilding Hospital.
The work of rebuilding the state
hospital for the insane is progressing
well under the direction of C. Fred
Williams. M. D.. superintendent. Se-v
en new wards, with accommoda:ion
for approximately 350 male patients,
have been complezed; a :zew dining
room for the female pzatients hasz ibxn
furnished and occupleV the ::Cw
kitchen built; cold s:crage plant con
structed: and the agrgated dining
room for the male patients now In
process of construction, A vision of
a new era has been the inspiration
in the tash udertnen by the super
Alva M. Lumpkin was elected grand
chancellor South Carolina Knights of
Pythias at the annual convention in
lhngh 0. Hanna of the University of
Secah Carolin:a went to Washington as
the univ.ersity's representative to the
first annla z::2mblage or the League
to Enforcp Pa-e.
3. C d-zz~Th- usincs manager of
the Augusta Chronicle and president
of the Georgia Press Association, has
aczo-pied an invitation to deliver an
addresas at the annual msttng of the
South Carolina Pr-on Arroziation a~t
"A man dant eve'r
nity," said U
man dat a
ain' got n.
carry ye:r enarity imto deedzs; do and
give w;hat costs you something.-J. H-.
Ter : ---n
SERBIAN ARMY IS V
NOW AT SALONIKI
NEW ARMY OF 100,000 REORGAN- U.
IZED ON THE ISLAND OF
TO CO-OPERATE WITH ALLIES Se
Remnants of Old Arnies Are Supplied
With New Rifles and Clothing and
Are at Full Strength. ci
Paris.-After crossing the Aegean
Sea without loss the Serbian army
in full strength now has been landed
at Saloniki, according to a dispatch pe
received here by wireless telegraphy. ae
Serbia's new army has been various
ly estimated to number between SO,
000 and 100.000 officers and men. It
was reorganized on the Island of e
Corfu, approximately 700 miles dis
tan t from Saloniki.
The Serbian army totalled about
300,000 men at the outbreak of the th
war, but this force was greatly de
pleted by typhus and by the engage
ments fought in an endeavor to check k
the Austro-German. and Bulgarian in
vasion of Serbia and Montenegro. The s
remnant of the origirai armi'es saved
itself by retreating through the Al
banian mountains to the eastern p
shores of the Adriatic.
On reaching the seacoast the Ser- ad
bians were transported to Corfu.
where they were supplied with new co
rifles and clothing and efficiently
equipped for further service on the a
Balkan battlefield. ge
ARMY APPROPRIATION BILL
IS LARGEST IN HISTORY
An Increase of About $49,000,000 Over al
Last Year's Bill.
Wishington.-The army appropria- ur
tion bill, unanimously ordered report- an
ed to the House, includes the appro- ar
priations for carrying out the reorgan- se
ization provisions of the Hay-Chrm- q
berlain bill, and is the largest regular .e
army supply bill in the history of con
gress. It is an increase of about $49,- of
000,000 over last year's bill. - Iai
The bill will be submitted to the se,
House at once, but according tc us
Chairman Hay will not come up for an
consideration until after the national co
political conventtions.- ou
The National Guard gets close tc th
$25,000,000 in the bill to carry the w
federlization plan into effect. The to
increase of the regular army causes pe
another notable increase, while the
creation-o a concil of executive in- p
formation for the co-ordination of in- its
dustries and resources fot the Nation
al Security and Welfare carries an rid
appropriation of $200,000. Wi
For purchases and repairs of air
ships, the bill provides $1,000,000 ha
which is in addition to large sums ap- ag
propriated for aviationi in recent defi-g
ciency appropriation bills. The bill
appropriates $150.000i to piocure 12 i
armored automobiles at $10,000 each: a
30 shielded motorcycles with side care
at $70Q each, 15 motorcycles side car
ammunition caissons at $400 each and th
other- accessorie-s. along the lines ,
learned in Europaan warfare. The war t
department is planning to experiment gr
with mounting a light field piece on ,in
these armored cars, after trying
them out with machine guns-.r
Equipment of the Army and Na- an
tional Guard with a new type of auto in
matic machine gun is provided for. ri
The army would get $1,400,000 for 447 -
of these guns, which cost approxi- in
maely $3,000 apiece. For ordinary he
stores and ammunition $2.850,000 is gr,
appropriated, a reserve of 050 poundsw
of ammunition per rifle. o
UNITED STATES ENLISTED s
MEN WHIP 20 BANDITS en
Washington. - Further details re-th
garing the recent engagement nearth
Cum between seven men.- of the he
Seveteenth Infantry and an outlaw
band of 20 under the notorious bandit tic
leaders Cervantes and Bencomon. both c
of whom were killed by Private Geo. se)
Huett, were receives at the war de- va
partment from General Pershing: Hisgr
message, dated from Namiquipa. May .
2. was as follows: , -.
'Detailed account of the fight yester- str
day showed splendid conduct on theth
part of a detacohme'nt of enlisted men
Without an officer and under Lance at
Corporals Dav-is Barksbury (who died:
from v.tm::n- these men fought
aganst .n-(:t odds. Drove off enemy.
who char2eed them on horseback. Espe
cial crecdit l.: due Pr:ivate Hluelrt. whc
lld both Cervantes and Bencomon
as they rod.' by him. Several of Vil
lista bandits were wounded as trin
of blood p:lainly indicat ed. Identi flca
tion of 'er-vantes absolute. Death re
gared by many peCople in this vicin
ity as fortuinate."
Governor Grants Clemency to Six.
Berore leaving Columi!a for Char
lotte. Gov. Manning issued pardons
and paruies in six cases:
Clemency vwas extended in the fol- m
lowing cases: vi
Thomas W. Bishop, convicted in j
Richand county in fail of 1915 on
the charge of adultery and given 11 >o
months or a fine of $200. pardon i
Ed] Hill, convicted in Greenville in e
19 : '- tne c-harg'- of murdeor and ,t
sc..d to a life term. pa-cle y
Wc move too much in platoons: :
mac by sections; we do not liv i
our vital individuality enoug:l v '.
slaves of fashian, in mind and mn eart
if not to our passions an d appetites---T
ilubber From Fciroleum.
AN''ial rubber has been~ made frorr
Rut ia: cru~de petroleum, vwhich con
tains chemical elements similar tc
S. IS EAGER TO TAKE PART
BUT ASKS FOR NOTHING
ttlc Forever Contention Which Has
B1e: Keynote of Ail Dipicmatic Dis
cussions With Germany and, Great
Wasington.-President Wilson do
tred here before the League to En
-ce Peace. that the United States
s. readly to join in any feasible as
i tion of nations to preserve the
ace of the world against "political
ibition and selfish hostlity" and in
rvice of "a common order, a com
n justice, and a common peace."
expressed the hope that the
'ms of peace which end the war
>uld irnclude such an arrangement.
Dutlilhig suggestions for peace,
ich the- President said he hoped
United States would make if it
d opportunity to do so, he included
avision for absolute freedom of the
is, a contention which has been the
ystone of all the diplomatic discus
ms with Germany and Great Brit
i; and virtual guarantees of terri
-ial integrity and political inde
Officials interpreted the President's
clr:;s as a preliminary feeler for
ae in Europe. He outlined the
uditions on which the United States
>uld move if it made a formal med
ory offer with the idea. it was un
rstood. of learning how such sug
stions would be received abroad.
"I am sure." said the Pre ent.
iat the people of the Unit,: Stat:
>uld wish their government to move
)g these lines:
"First, such a settlement with re
rd to their own immediate inter
ts as the belligerents may agree
on. We have nothing material of
y k;-d to ask for ourselves, and
e quite aware that we are in no
nse or degree parties to the present
arrel. Our interests Is only in
ace, and its future guarantees.
"Second, an universal association
the nations to maintain the invio
:e security of the highway of the
is for the common and unhindered
of all the nations of the world,
d to prevent any war begun either
atrary to treaty covenants or with
t warning and full submission of
2 causes to the opinion of the
>rld-a virtual guarantee of terri
ial integrity and politcal inde.
The fundametals of a lasting
ace. Pre ident Wilson said he be
"First, that every people has a
;ht to chose the novercignty under
Lich they shall live. Like other
itions," the President said, "we
ve eurselves no doubt once and
ai offended against that rinciple
tich for a little while conitrolled by
Ifish passion, as our fran'ker histor
is have been honorable ensough to
mit; but it has become more and
>re our rule of life and action.
"Second, that the small states of
w orld have a right to' enijoy the
me respect for their sovereignty and
Stheir territorial integrity that
eat and powerful nations expect and
And, third. that. the world has a
tht to be free from every disturb
cc of its peace and that its origin
aggression and disregard of the
;hts of people and nations."
'If this waor has accomplished noth
else for the benefit of the world."
said, "it -has at least disclosed a
aat moral necessity and set for
.rd the thinking of the statesmen
th e v.-orld by a whole age. Pehpeat
mterances of the leading str--s
- of most of the great nations now.
gaged in war, have made it plain
it their thought has come to this.
t the principle of public right must
neeforth take precedence over the
ividual interests of particular Na
ns a.nd that the Nations of the
rd must in some way band them
yes together to see that right pre
ls as against any sore of selfish ag
'That henceforth all alliance must
1:2 set up against alliance, urader
nding against understanding, but
tt there must be a common agree
t for a common object, and that
the hear-t of'-that common object
t hec inviolable rights of peo
T'ates Enger to Participate.
:-rel do v.-e hclieve in these
ai te President in ennelul
l. tht n 1m sure that I spe-ak the
: i nd i-h of the people of Amer
: I -~v tbi the United States
-::itinto ' n o a partner in any
!i -5:i of Nations form-z
i - to realirze these objects.
I mathc them sc-cure against viola
Will Addres-: Epworth League.
Lurnst. --The Sout'i Carolina State
worth League (-onference whlich
sts in Laurens. JTune 8-11. will be
sited by Chas. G. Hlounshell, trave!
g eretary of the student v-olunteecr
w-ment of America. The program
m~itte considers itself fortunate
securig the services of Mr. Houn
-l as he is a most charming speak
and an enthusiastic worker among
a ycung people. His work is with
'n people altogether and his pres
n at this gathering of South C'aro
!a Methodis::s will prove helpful.
Forgotten for the Moment.
People who profess to be tender
arted are quae as selfish as others.
1man vlho says he couldnt staa.l
to kin a c~ehe-n does his full share
a chicl:e-n dit:nor, just the same.
Whatever the mind enjoins on itseli
-an object, it attains.
EMBALMERS END MEETING
Next Annual Convention Goes to
Greenwood-Pace, of Marion, Is
Made President for Year.
Florence.-The Funeral Directors
and Embalmers' Association of South
Carolina, which met here for a two
day session, concluded its work and
adjourned to meet in the city of Green
wood at a date in the month of May
to be selected by the executive com
After the business session the visi
tors were given an automobile ride
around the city and nearby sections,
visiting the industrial school, national
and other cemeteries, Pine Crest dairy
and other points of interest. The visi
tors were charmed with what they
saw and with the progress of the Gate
The annual election of officers for
the ensuing year resulted as folows:
C. L. Pace of Marion, president; Chas.
E. Taylor of Lexington, first vice-pres
ident; -A. J. White of Manning, sec
ond vice president; James F. Maekey
of Greenville, secretary and treasurer;
A. H. Mackey of Greenville, assistant
Bapists Select N9ew Orleans.
Asheville, N. C.-New Orleans was
selected as the 1917 meeting place of
the Southern Baptist convention by
the committee to which the time and
place of, the next meeting was refer
red. The selection was ratified by the
The convention always meets on
the Wednesday after the second Sun
day in M?.y each year, sessions lasting
six days. The Rev. W. W. m,
D.D., of Louisville, Ky., in announcing
the committ--'s selection, said it
would propos that the opening ses
sion be held at 10 a. m. Instead of 3
p. m. as customary. Louisville, Kan
sas City, Mo., Jacksonville, Hot
Springs and Muskogee, Okla., also
sought t: entertain the convention
Tribute was paid to the work of the
Woman's Missionary Union. The re
port of the committee on woman's
work, which was adopted by the
Southern Baptist convention, showed
the progress of the union in the past
year and before it was concluded ap
plause broke out. President Lansing
Burrows rapped for order on two dif
ferent occasions before he quieted the
Miss Page Lcaves Spartanburg.
Spartanburg.-At a meeting of the
board of trustees of the city schools
Miss Lula Page of North Carolina,
who for the past two years has had
charge of the work of training the
children's chorus for the Spartanburg
music festival, tendered her resigna
tion as musical director of the city
schools to take effect immediately.
The resignation was accepted, but no
action as to her successor was taken,
although it is said there are a number
of applications. It is understood that
Miss Page has decided to leave Spar
tanburg, necessitating her resignation.
Jubilant Over Railway Prospects.
Bowman.-People are jubilant over
the prospects of having a broad gauge
rilroad. The Seaboard people have
already made a survey and it is
thought that wc:-ik on the new road
will begin betwee-1 this and first of the
year. This town has a fine country
to back It and with a good railroad
connection this will beome on ot the
leading towns of the low country. The
present road is almost out of commis
sion. Bowman will welcome most
heartily the coming of the Seaboard.
Charlotte, N. C.--Twenty members
of Gov. Manning's staff came to Char
lotte with the governor to assist In
the reception of President and Mrs.
Wilson, and the South Carolinians
played a prominent part In the events
of the day. Goy. Manning and his
taff were enthusiastically received
on every apperance during their stay
In Charlotte. The party returned on
a special Pullman by the Southern raIl
way's twentieth of May extra.
Two Fireman Injured.
,Charleston.-Markley Prince and
Tom Halsall, firemen of the Charles
ton department were painfully injured
while responding to an alarm of fire
when the trailer behind the depart
~nent's big motor tractor turned over
on King street. The trailer was a comn
SOUTH CAROLINA NEW/S ITEMS.
Columbia Is trying to secure the
printers' sanatorium which is to be
established in the East by the Inter
national Typographical Union.
The one hundred and eleventh com
mencement of the University of South
Carolina will be held June 11, 12, 13
and 14. One hundred and seven ap
plications for degrees have been re
ceived. Of thesc 33 are for bachelor
of law. 33 for bachelor of arts, 10 for
bachelor of science. 20 for master of
arts and five for civil engineer.
Half Billion Do!lars Revenue.
,Washington.-~Half a billion dollars
will be the government's internal reve.
nue tax toll for the fiscal year ending
June 30 next, according to a state
ment just issued by See:etary McAdoo.
This sum, which Mr. McAdoo says
exceeds by many millions all previous
estimates, will he made up, substan
tially as follows:
Taxes on whishey, be-:r. cigars. cig.
arettes and tobcco $303.000.00-0.
Taxer eni the i'ncomes of individuals
and corporadors~ '159.M Eme
gency tax colecti'r'-. .?30 0.00
Why We\ wI nies
Pecause ' oeer ! -gr-s we
count in tern; c~:er...r...:.
quickness of..r........ llour miw
urements 1 e Tei
order to r on!:.1
to use the - ~ cdhch
The i ' ro the Oody
mhile the miind 15 is at casa |
Night Schools Lower Illiteracy.
Night school work in the mill
schools over the state has in a large
measure been abandoned for the
spring and by statistics, collected by
George D. Brown, supervisor of the
mill schools, approximately 5,000 adult
pupils were enrolled In these, some
of them advanced beyond the mature
age of 70 years. Reports thus far col
lected give an enrollment of 4,642,
with reports not yet filed from several
districts. It is figured that as mary
as one-third of these had never been
In school before. The total number
of nights the schools were in session
was 3,263 and 215 teachers were en
gaged in dispelling the illiteracy of
those from whom advantages had been
snatched in early youth. There are
160 mills in the state and 98 night
schools were organized during the
winter in these. Concrete returns
have been so inspiriting that Mr.
Brown predicts that within five years
adult illiteracy can be clearly wiped
out, and the necessity of continuing
this plan removed. In addition to the
effective work for those thus enrolled,
a wholesome influence has been shed
over the day. schools in the mill vil
lages, in which the enrollment has
been increased 16 per cent.
Greenville, Spartanburg, Anderson,
Richland and Greenwood counties
take leading rank. In Greenville coun
ty alone 11 night schools were organ
ized with a total enrollment of 1,112
pupils. Spartanburg county had 18
schools, with an enrollment of 566. In
both of these counties an assistant
mill school supervisor was engaged.
Anderson county enrolled 415; Rich
land 402, and Greenwood 231. In the
Central night school of Columbia 260
pupils were enrolled. Greenville coun
ty had one school with an enrollment
of 238, and four other schools with
an enrollment well beyond 100. Sev
eral others in different sections of the
state went well above 100.
The night schools are but a small
phase of the work undertaken in the
the state. Many special levies have
been voted during the year, for mod
ern school buildings and the mainte
nance of an adequate teaching force
and the purchase of extra equipment.
State Facing Serious Problem.
The state board of charities and
corrections is receiving by letter and
through reports of its field agents
many indications that citizens all over
the state are awakening to the impor
tanc of the protlem of protecting the
feeble minded, especially feeble mind
ed white women of child-bearing age.
From the ranks of these unfortunates
paupers, petty criminals, prostitutes
and other undesirables are steadily
recruited. The economic loss due to
feeble-mindedness is incalculable.
Many states have made provision for
caring for their feeble-minded citizens
In institutions where their hands are
trained to do many kinds of useful
labor and their minds receive such
education as they are capable of as
Recently the board received a let
ter from the chairman of the board
of trustees of a rural school district
asking his advice about handling
some feeble-minded people in this ru
ral community. The chairman's letter
said that these cases of feeble-minded
aess "are a source of anxiety" and
"seem to demand prompt attention."
Tillman Refuses Stealing Ileney.
Special from Washington.-"I do not
want my share of the stealing in this
bill; and while South Carolina has
items in it amounting to $300,000 I
shall vote against it and hope it will
not become law."
In these words Senator B. R. Till-;
man began his remarks on the senate;
floor when he arose to say that he
would oppose the passage of the
pending rivers and harbors bill..
"We need the money so much
more for more Important things that:
It is criminal in my mind to hesitate
for one moment or to discuss this bill
at all," Senator Tillman continued.
The senior senator then said that if
the bill should pass $40,000 would be
"I would be ashamed to go home
and tell my people that I have voted
$300,000 for South Carolina and left
unprepared and unprotected the mo
mentous question of a greater navy,"
New Enterprises Authorized.
The secretary of state has issued
a charter to the Manville Ginuing.
company, ,with a capital of $1.000.
The Quality Shop, Inc.. of Geor-ge
town, has been commissioned, with a.
capital of $5,000.
The Carolina Sales company of,
Charleston has been cominnLioned,
with a capital of $10,000.
The secretary of state has issued a
comnmission l the FRascr Realty com
pany of Graanville '.ith a capital stock
of $10 P00.
.T~ rr The. of Anderson has
-, a capital of $10,
To - - mr~nt Products
- :ec eca'.ae of Poverty.
2h-"ever a man succeedls in spite
- -ovr-- we retagnize the wonder
-ma ea-sy give it acclaim. But the
ms :-:iting from poverty we
Ir Indeed. they are so comn
n - obe almost uninteresting.
pek them by the bulk, in the
C'oncret is made of a miixtulre :jf
pebbles, stems and sandl or othier seitn
able mnateri..1. to which n mi':ed a
smal propertion of lime er cement.
oDwing to the graduci settin:; and h;er-i
enig of this lime or cemni2 thie mass
chages from a semifluid to a h:-rd.
compact ':-abstance, as hard as. or
harder thr:n tis best boIilg stone
produced by nature.
She Takes as Many Chances.
-het the same, a man wvho can tell .
cd watermelon by looking at it and
:hmaping it often selects a bad wife
y her looks alone.-Anaconda Stan-.
BIRDS IN CEMETERIES
AUDUBON SOCIETIES INTEREST
ED IN BIG PROJECT.
Idea Is to Have Burial Grounds Con
verted Into Sanctuaries Where
Feathered Friends of Human
ity May Find Refuge.
More than a million acres of land
will be added to the bird reservations
in the United States if the National
Association of Audubon societies, with
headquarters in New York, succeeds
in its campaign to have all the ceme
teries of the country converted into
bird sanctuaries. The plan includes
not only the forty-eight burial grounds
of New York city, but all cemeteries
down to the lonely graveyard of the
"While the average visitor to ceme
teries is frequcntly impressed with
the song of -birds," said T. Gilbert
Pearson, secretary of the association,
who has brought forward this plan,
"this is due rather to the usual quiet
and perhaps to the receptive mood of
the person. The number of birds is
really small compared to what it
would be were but a little effort made.
Much has been done to drive birds
away from cemeteries. Frequently,
there is not a yard of underbrush
where a thrasher or vireo can build
its nest. There are no pools or other
means for the birds to slake their
thirst. Tree surgery has closed the
cavities whence titmouse, wren or
bluebird formerly issued to console
the lonely visitor. Fruit-bearing trees
have been removed and there is an
absence of berry-bearing shrubs, such
as birds enjoy."
The association, in additionito the
above needs, is urging the exclusion
of gunners and cats from the ceme
teries, the latter through the use of
catproof fences. The placing of bird
boxes in trees is recommended, as
well as the construction of fountains
or other lrinking places for the birds.
Food in the way of growing blackber
ries, strawberries or mulberries is sug
gested, while many cemeteries are
said to have ample waste -space where
buckwheat and. other small grain
could be planted without detracting
from the beauty of the landscape. The.
supplying of food in other ways as
well as the provision's for nest-build
ing are among other suggestions con
tained in a circular Just issued by the
association which, Mr.- Pearson says,
he will mail to all persons interested
In having their city cemetery con
verted into a bird sanctuary. In In
dianapolis thousands of birds find ref
uge in Crown Hill cemetery and birds
of some varieties which generally go
South in the fall spend the winter
Crossbred Yaks to Feed Alaskans.
No breed of dairy or beef cattle
has as yet been found hardy enough
to stand the winters in the interior
of Alaska without excessive expense
for food and protection against cold.
As a result milk sells for 50 cents a
quart and the beef that is consumed
In the country consists almost wholly
of cold storage meat brought from the
outside. The Journal of Heredity says
that the Alaska Experiment station
has undertaken to relieve this situa
tion by crossing the hardy Scotch
Galloway cattle with the yak, an Asiat
ic o much used by Mongolians, Tibet
ans, etc., for milk and meat as well
The yak pastures through the win
ter under the open sky in Siberia and
obtains feed from last year's grass dug
from under the snow. Crosses 'cf the
yak with domestic cattle are co/nmon
in Asia and highly successful..
Bear Caught in City.
A fat black bear, weighing nearly
400 pounds, was trapped and killed on
the edge of the city limits near Cowen
park, according to a dispatch from Se
attle, and about one and a half miles
from the university.
The downfall of b'ruin was brought
about by two unknown men, who sold
the bear while it was in the trap to
A. Lampaert, a butcher of Redmond,
for $20. According to the men who
trapped the animal, it had established
its headquarters on the b11 near the
Cowen Park ravine, and had appar
ently decided to spend the winter
The bear was in prime condition
and had evidently found the back
gards of Cowen Park- residents fine
Missed Big "Scese.
The death of George Edwardes re
as how he sold "Dorothy" for a
song, and how a song-"Queen of My
ReaIrt"-made a fortune for the piece.
The dcath of Lewis Waller recalls the
case of "Monsieur Becaucaire." That
play, when "tried on the dcg" at Liver
pool, was a dead failure. The "dog's"
verdict was wrong. Produced as a
mere stop-gap at the Comedy, "Beau
caire" proved a big and instant sue-:
ess. it ran for some 400 times, and
had the crowning triumph of a royal
command performance at Sandring
"What is a military attache, father?"
"A military attache is an oimical who
has to be recalled as soon as he is
caught doing what he is paid to do."
"Wa saself-made man, father~
"A self--nad2 man, my boy, is ec
who thek~s that the Creator c uld not
possiby have' ;nreducedch t'onder
beinig as h2 is.
:Econy in Gas.
When I have a couple ci hours'
ironing to do, or 1 have meat or vege
tables to cook which require two or
more hours' time, I put a teakettleful
of water on the unlighted burner next
to he one I am using, so that when my
ironing or cooking is done I have a
teakettleful of almost boiling wate!
without burning any gas for that pur.
POWER OF THE SUBMARIN
So Far as Its Guns Are Concerned;
it Is Just About the Weakest
The first and most striking fact
about the submarine is its capacity to
enter into and operate in waters that
are adversely commanded.
But, once in those waters, thed -
power of the submarine is extraordi-!
narily limited. Indeed, its capacity to
enter those waters can also be limit
ed. The use of nets, of mines'and of-?s
patrols-especially when assisted by
aircraft-these, at any focal point
which submarines coming or goln
must pass, can do much to obstruc
their free passage. The narrower the
waters the easier their control Iy
these means, and even in comparatie
ly open waters great destruction .cani
be and has her- 'd" '-yprface ra.
Apart, altogether, :om the dangerk
to which the subr -one is exposed2
what is its -value when it is at works
in' hostile waters? It has two weap- '
ons-the torpedo and the gun. It t ns
carry but few torpedoes-few, that isz
compared with the number of rounds
of gun ammunition that it can stow
away. The torpedo, too, is an uncer- ;
tain weapon at the best of times, par
ticularly uncertain when 'aimed while
the submarine is.submerged. -
Wherever it is possible, then, the
captain of the.submarine has. done his
work with his guns. But as a gunned
ship, Arthur H. Pollen writes in the
North American Review, th9 subma
rine is the weakest thing afloat.'Hence
its guns can be used only against:
armed craft. it dare not approach any'
armed ship on the surface at all. IfIt'
has to approach an armed ship sub
merged, its speed of approach is great
ly limited. The highest submerged
speed does not exceed the half-power
speed of the slowest warship. Hence
speed and a high standairdof vigilance
in ships whleh are armed make them
altogether immune from submarine at
tack except in rare cases, when, bye = ;r
pure chance, their course takes them.
within the submarine's striking radius.
The point is that if the ship is arcned
the submarine must keep submerged
and if it keeps submerged its maneu
vering speed is low, its capacity to get
within striking dis1nce is very limit
ed, and its weapon very, uncertain. I
the ship it intends to strike is both
at speed and accompanied by destroy
ers' of fast craft, the area of danger
to the submarine and the intensitio
the vigilance are increased, and the
danger from submarines becomes- a
together negligible. -
Safety First in London.
H. H. Kohlsaat, the Chicago pub
lisher, registered at a hotel in to
don and was assigned to a room on
next to the top floor. The following
morning he rang for a bellboy.
When there was no response to the
second call he lifted the telephone -
receiver and waited in vain for "Are- -
you there?" Failing to establish any,
communication with the office, he
dressed and started for the office to.
register indignation. The elevator
wasn't running. He began to walk,
down. On the fourth landing he met
a housemaid and asked in strong Chi
cage language what was the matter
with the hotel. --
"Well, sir, you see, sir," came the -
answer, "the Zeppelins were reported.
and we were all ordered to the cellar
Then Mr. Kohlsaat's language grew
still stronger, and he completed his
remark by saying: "Well, I'm on
the next to the top floor, and I wasn't
"No, sir," was the bland reply;
"but you see, sir, you don't come un -
der the employers' liability act, seir."
What Cathedrals Mean.
James Lane Allen has av..wed that:
bhis purpose in writing "A Cathedral
Singer," the new romance, is to estab
lish the new Cathedral of St. John the
Divine in New York more securely-in
the heart of the nation.
Nothing that man has ever been
able to build, he says, is loved for so
many' reasons as a cathedral. It is
lo'vd for its spiritual meaning, for
the arts that enter into its structure,
fzr the action of nature upon it through
sunlight and rain,-and the brief mor
tality of the blossom on its walls.
But it is above all the literaturc
which gathers about a cathedral, Mr.
Allen saya, that makes it loved, link
ing it to innumerable human lives and
transfiguring it to human affection.
American literature entering the
service of onr great cathedral can
complete its destiny as an American
cathedral, Mr. Alien believes.
Much Work to Make Helmet.
Sixty-four distinct operations are
necessary in turning cut one of the
lain steel helmetr worn by French
soldiers. The first step is stamping
out disks from larke sheets of steel. A
special machine is used for this pur
pose, exerting a prcssure of 150 tons,
and capable of cutting olit 5,000 steel
disks a day. Each disk is placed under
a shaping machine, which presses the
disk into the form of a helmet with a
broad rim. Polishing and cutting ma
chines remove all irregularities in the
helmet, after which holes are punched
in the crown, some for ventilation pur
poses. others for fastening on the regi
mental crest. Each helmet is cleaned
and dipped in a special mixture, which
makes it a dull, inconspicuous bluish
gray. A lining and leather chin straps
are then fastened on, and the helmet
is complete. Since the French army
has bee:n protected with the helmets
thec nu~mber of deaths due to wounds
in the head has decreszed to a rems7',
able extent.--Pearson's Weekly
No Need to Worry.
Girlie--l've jDeen rending, Elarold,
that kissing is hygienically unsafe,
and think of the number of times you
have kissed me." Harold-"Oh, well,
'there's safety in numbers,' you know'
Heavier Than Water.
Gold weighs nearly twenty times at
.uchas its own bolk of .water.