Newspaper Page Text
-----M\NNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 2 1.
EW lSIS CAUSI
AMMUNITION AWAITING SH
MENT EXPLODES AT BLACI
LOSS OF LIFE NOT LAR(
Fire on Barge Believed to Have Igr
ed Great Stores of War Suppi
For the Entente Allies.-Shock F
in Five States.
New York.-Property losses es
mated at $25,000,000 were caused b3
series of terrific explosions of amD
nition awaiting shipment to the I
tente Allies and stored on Black T<
Island, a small strip of land jutti
into New York Bay off Jersey Ci
The loss of life still was problems
cal. It will not be determined di
nitely until there has been opportun:
to check up the workmen employed
the island and on boats moored ne
The detonations, which were felt
five States, began with a continua
rarid-fire of small shells, then t
blowing up of great quantities of
namite. trinitoltunine and other hi
expiesives. followed by the bursti
of thousands of shrapnel shells whi
literally showered the surroundi
country and waters for many mil
Fire that started soon after the fl
great crash which spread death a
desolation in its wake, destroyed th
teen of the huge warehouses of t
National Storage Company on Bla
Tom Island, in which were stor
merchandise valued between $12,00
000 and $15,000,000. The fiami
shooting into the clouds were refie
ed against New York's "sky line" a:
towering office buildings, which or
a few moments before were shak
to their foundations as by an earl
Quake. Miles of streets in Manha
tan were strewn with broken gla
and shattered signs.
Early reports of heavy loss of 1:
were impossibitle of, verification. a:
the authorities asserted the numb
of death probably would be sma
It was said that owing to the
tent of the wreckage, it might
several days before the exact figur
could be obtained.
Three are known to be dead and
least two more are missing. Scor
of persons were injured, some
them probably mortally.
BRITAIN WARNED IN U. S.
PROTEST OVER BLACKLIS
Declares it is Manifestly Out of Que
tion That This Government Shou
Acquiesce in Such Methods.
WasningOn.--Great Britain is wax
ed in the .Amzerican note of prote
against the blacklist made public1
the state department of the "many
rious consequences to neutral rig
and neutral relations which such
act must necessarily involve.
Already in the hands of the Briti:
foi eign office, the note declares
the gravest terms" that it is "man
festly out of the question that the gc
*rnment of the United States acquies
in such methods" and that the Unit
States regards the blacklist as "ins
taoily and essential-ly inconsistent wi
the rights of all the citizens of the r
ions not involved in any war." ItI
mirds the Bri'ish government that "c
izens of the United States are entire
-within their rigihts in attempting
trade wi-th the people or the gover
ments of any of the nations now
war. subject only to well gefined ints
national practices and understanldinl,
which the government of the Uniti
Star. deems the governmlent of Gre
Britain to have too lightly and iI
HIGH COST OF PAPER
RAIS1NG SELLING PRIC
St. Louis-The St. Louis Glot
Democrat announces an Increase in ti
price of its daily edition in St. Lou
effective August 1. The high cost
print paper is given as the cause of ti
200 REPORTED DEAD FROM
FOREST FIRES IN ONTARI
Englehart. Ont.-For'est fires ra
ing in northern Ontario are believt
to have resulted in the loss of fro
'.50 to 200 lives. Other scores
pe::ons have been injured and it
feared many of them may die. Se
eral small towns have been wiT
out by flames that have been ragii
for 48 hours. Reports thus far
ceived show that 57 perished at Mus
ia. a French Canadian settlement. ai
34 at Matheson.
ENGLISH OWNERS AWARDED
APPAM BY U. S. COUR
Norfolk.-Possessionl of the Briti:
liner Appam, brought into Hampt<
Rads lust Ficoruary by a Germi
pize new, was awarded to her Er
llh owvners, I- African Steam Na
gaton Comnpany, by Judge Waddill
the Federal Di)strict Court. Ana
peal will be take when the oppx
u iyi 5:Ve v.desday. An ust
cr, p.' robably vwill be given by t1
p NEED NEARLY 2,000 MEN FOR NA
TIONAL GUARD-MAv DELAY
E NEWS FROM CAMP MOORE
it- Interesting Happenings About Pal
es metto Soldiers Who Are in Camp at
eit Styx, the Mobilization Point for
the South Carolina National Guard.
- Canp Moore, Styx.-It is not believ
a ed that the First and Second regi
a- ments, National Guard of South Caro
lina, will be moved to the Mexican bor
a der until every company has been re
ag cruited to full war strength-150 men
and officers. It is pointed out That
the regiments wal not be needed for
many months and that the men might
ty as well be trained at Styx as at a con
D centration camp in Texas.
. General orders for the recruiting
campaign in South Carolina were re
ceived at the camp. A study of the
needs of the regiments shows that
2s over 1,800 men will be required be
e fore the companies are up to war
l strength. Considering the number of
men to be thrown out on physical ex
amination it is evident that more
ch than 2.S00 recruits will have to be
secured by the details that are soon
es to open stations in Greenville, Spar
tanburg, Columbia and Florence.
Est The different units of the National
ad Guard need the following number of
ir- men: First regiment. 875; Second
te regiment, 87; Troop A, cavalry, 10;
engineer company. 94, and field hos
ad pital, 15.
0,- Officers Assigned.
The following coast artillery officers
id were assigned to their stations: Spar
ly tanburg, Capt. J. M. Watlaoe of Spar
an tanburg and First Lieut. J. Herz
. Brown; Greenville, Capt. Henry C.
. Moore of Gaffney and First Lieut. Guy
ss B. Foster of Greenville; Florence,
First Lieut. W. E. Bell of Gaffney and
e Second Lieut. W. W. Hames of Jones
er Rifle range continues on the range
1, and the men are making some right
x. good scores. They are sno'ting frort
3e the 100 yard line.
s To El Paso?
A Washington dispatch to the Phil
at iadelphia Record of several days ago
as would indicate that the South Carolina
of troops- will be sent eventually to the
El Paso district. The dispatch con
tains no announcement as to the dis
position of the Georgia and North Car
T olina troops.
Members of the engineer company
s- were busy repairing the big pump.
Id A new blacksmith shop is being erect
ed for the First regiment,
n- Col. E. M. Blythe of the First regi
t ment, camp commander, has announc
y ed the personnel of the military exam
e,- ini~ng board for his regiment. A simni
t lar board will be appointed by Col.
ni Spz ings. The boards will examine into
the general fitness of men seeking
ah commissions and will make recomn
n mendations to the regimental om-:
if- manders. The examination will be
- partliy oral and partly written. There
e are seveoral sevond lieuitenancies to
d be' fil-led in the Fi-st regim-ent. After
i ward first ieutenancies will be ailled.
h Following are the officers appointed
t- to the military examining board by:
a- Col Blythe: bLeu-t. Col. P. K. Mc
it- Cully, Maj. E. C. von Treschow. Capt.
y R. C. Heyward. Capt. G. Heywand Ma
o hon, Jr.. and First bLeut. S. C. Chand
LtBankIng for Second.
r- A banking system has been estab
s lished by Col. Springs for tyhe men of
d the Second regiment. The company
t commanders have been designated as
- bankers to handle the funds of the
men. The first pay day of the Second
regiment will be celeibrated in royal
style within the nert several days and
E the bankcing system was established
for the convenience of the men.
- Adobes for Tent Floors.
e8 One of the first tasks of the Carolina'
s soldiers on reaching -the border-pro
f vided they ever do 'that-will be to
e make adobe bricks of clay with a
strawv binder. whe-rewit~h to floor their
Recruiting stations have been open-f
-) ed at Greenville. Spartanburg and
Florence. One will soon be oper ad
g-in Cdumbia. Over 1.800 men are need
d ed to fill up the companies. It is
n believed in camp that an order for
fremoval to the border -would boost
'"Wonderful." said C0l. Blythe, dis
d cussing the health of the men. The
g camp site is Ideal and every precau
- tion is being taken by the two com
b- manding officers to insure the health
d of the men.
President Wilson has assured Gov.
Manning that he will confer immredI
ately with S-ecretary Baker concerning
E- 'he request of the governor for some
intimaation as to the intentions of the
hwar 'de-par~nment In re-spect of the
m South Carolina unit-s in the National
LI Guard of the United States. Ev-ery
gofficer and every enlisted man in
cantornments at Sty.t. near Columbia,
fawaits w-ith keen interest Washing
-ton's further response to the gover
ir- nor's request for information. "Any
3. thing defin~te. of 'whateve.r import,
') will be grateful and relieving." said
e one officer.
SOUTH CAROLINA STATE FEDER
ATION MEETS IN MOUNTAIN
CONVENES ON AUGUST 14t1
Samuel Gompers Among the List o'
Well-known Speakers to be Found
on The Program.
Greenville.-The Greenville Trades
and Labor council. having some 40(
members. and being one of the lives
organizations of its kind in the state
will be host on August 14 to the Soutl
Carolina Federation of Labor. It is
expected that more than 100 delegated
will be in attendance.
Features on the program are many
prominent among them being the
name of Samuel Gompers, presidens
of the American Federation of Labor
with which the several locals. compos
ing the Greenville Trades and Labor
council, are affiliated. Invitations wil
be sent out to many friends of the or
ganizations who are not members.
The program, which may be change
in some respects, is as follows:
Convention called to order by the
chairman of the Greenville Trade:
and Labor Council, J. J. 'McDevitt.
Invocation by the chaplian, the Rev
C. Luther Miller, pastor of the Luth
Address in behalf of the State o:
South Carolina by Gov. R. . I. Man
Address in behalf of the city b3
Mayor C. S. Webb.
Address in behalf of the Americar
Federation of Labor by Samuel Gomp
Other addresses by internationa
officers and organizers that are af
filiated with the American Federatiot
Call to order by the state president
C. L. Wilson, of Charleston.
On Tuesday night there wn be
supper and other entertainment fea
tures at Chick Springs hotel.
The convention will convene on thE
evening of August 14, which will bE
Monday. and will probably adjourn
on Tuesday evening or during the da3
The several committees as announc
ed are as follows :
Committee on badges and invita
tions, J. J. McDevitt and Phillip Haas;
committee on hotels and boardini
houses, C. E. Hutchins, A. S. Gabrie
and Phillip Haas; commi4tee on en
tainment, J. J. McDevitt, C. t. 31c
Junkin and A. S. Gabriel; committe<
to meet delegates coming over the
Souithern Railway. W. H. Brown ani
C. H. Green.
The invitations sent to non-member:
are as follows:
"The Greenville Trades and Labo]
Council issues to you a very cordia
invitation to attend the second ani
nual convention of the State Federa
tion of Labor to be held in Greenville
S. C., on the fourteenth of August
1916. Convention headquarters. W. O
Nephew Kills Uncle.
Anderson.-Oscar Bradberry. aget
35. shot and instantly killed his uncle
David Blradberry. agcd 55. near thE
Badberry home on the Savannah riv
er. A shot gun was used and the en
tire load of shot entered the breast
several shots penetrating the heart
The shooting occurred in tile publi<
road and only one person. Miiss Dun
an, who was driving on the road wit
nessed it. Young Bradberry has beet
lodged in the county jail and refuses
Building Good Rcad.
Lexington.-The bridges of this
cunty have withs'tood the heavy rain,
and but little damage has been done
Roads have suffered.
Chaingang No. 1. located on the ok
harleston road in the western see
ion of the county, is said to be doint
the best piece of road constrn'ctio1
ever attempted in the sand hills of thih
GreenvIlle Votes School Money.
Greenvile.-Greenville school dis
trct, which is Greenville city, will lev3
a special .three mill tax for school pum
poses. The election resulted in a vot
of 64 to 23. The vote in West End
was 19 against and 16 for, while th(
city hall box showed a vote of 48 foi
and four against. The total yote was
S. The result of the election meant
that maintenance money needed fo:
the support of the public schools o1
the city will be adequate. Last sessio:
the trustees were hard hir zto makE
Worried Abocw Grass.
Greenwood.-Greenwood county hat
escaped so far any widespread (lam
age from the heavy rains, but farmer:
are worried over the growth of grast
and in some places land is badly wash
ed. No bridges of any. consequence
have been lost and though the roads
arew ashed in some places the dam
age can be easily and quickly repaired
Auoobile traffic from the low coun
try through here is expected to in
crese as the way through the county
ot Greenville is apparently in bette:
condition than any other route.
GERMANS EGUTE :
CAPTAIN FRYATT ACCUSED OF s
ATTEMPTING TO RAM A
TRIED, CON'iC T ED AND SHOT a
London Government Asks American e
Amber for at Beriin to Procure i:
Details of Case.-Many Difficult 1
Problems 'Involves. t
Berlin.-Capt. Charles Fryatt, of the
Great Eastern Railway Steamship
Brussels. convicted by a German court
martial at Bruges, Brussels, of at
tempting on March 2S, 1915, to ram a
German submarine near the Maas
lightship, when he did not belong to
an armed force, has been executed by
shooting. The Brussels was captur
ed by German destroyers last month
and brought into Zeebrugge.
Captain Fraytt and the first officer
and the first engineer of the Brus
sels received from the British Admi
ralty gold watches for "brave con
duct" and were mentioned in the
House of Commons.
The submarine U-33 according te
the official account of the trial had
signalled to the British steamer to t
show her flag and to stop but Cap- 1
tain Fraytt did not heed and, it is
alleged. tirned at high sped toward
the submr ine which escaped only by I
diving immediately several yards 'be- f
low the surface. 1
Captain Fryatt, the official state
ment says, admitted that he had fol- I
lowed the instructions of the British I
Admiralty. Sentence was c.adlirmed 1
and the captain was executed and i
shot for a "franc tierur crime against l
armed German sea forces."
of Capt. Charles Fryatt. :Aster of
the British steamship Brussels. for 'n
alleged attempt to ram a submarine.
is regarded in allied quarters here aE
a brutla violation of international law I
likely to result in prompt retailiatory
measures by Great Britain. They
contend that if a hostile submarine
approached the Brussels it was in ef
feet an attack and Captain Fryatt ir
making a counter-attack by attempt
ing to ram subjected himself only tc
treatment as a prisoner of war in
event of capture.
AUSTRIANS LOSE TOWN
OF BRODY UNEXPECTED.
Lonaon.-Brody. a great railway
junction. in Galicia. 5S miles north
east of Lemberg, which it was expect
ed the Austrian troops would retain at
all costs. has been captured by the
Czar's forces, in a new and unexpect
ed stroke administered by the Rus
sians. The taking of this important
town, it is believed..may lead to the
capture of Lemberg. itself. News of
the fall of Brody is coincident with
reports that the Somme battle is con
tinuing successfully for British forces
under Gen. Sir Douglas Haig.
The Russians. according to a report
from Petrograd, also have broken.
the whole Austro-German front west
of Lutsk. In this success they are
reported to have captured two gener.
als. 9.000 prisoners and 40 guns.
WASHiNGTON SENDS NEW
NOTE TO CARRANZA.
Washington-General Carrana was,
Informed in a note handed to his Am
bassador here. tha:t the Washington
Government is prepared to submit to
a joint international commission the
task of seeking a solution of border~
problems. The proposal of the~ de
facto Government for a commission
is accepted, however. with tihe sug
gestion that the powvers of the com-1
missions he enizirged beyond tihe limi
its propose-d ~in the 3Moxicani note of
Agreement to thus suggestion is ex
peted and it was statedl officially
that the~ American members wo'uld
be appointed and the commission be
assembled at some point in the Unit
ed Sates at an early date.
EXGOVERNOR AND GENERAL
.UNDER VILLA EXECUTED.
-Laredo. Texas.-Santiago Ramirez.
a former Governor of the Mlexican
State of Coahuila, and later a Villa
general, was publicly executed on the'
plaza at Saltillo. 3Mexico. according to
news reaching Leuvo Laredo.
Ramirez. it was. stated. had left
3exco with the dwindling of Villa's
pwer, andl had returned recently to
offer his services to General Carranza
when war between the United States
aril MTexico seemed imminent.
WILSON BACKING ALL
PHASES OF PREPAREDNESS,!
Wash ington.--In making public a
letter from President Wilson acknowl
edging receipit of a preliminary rep
norr of the new~ National Reserve
Councul. the Whitme House issued a
same~m ca ittentionl to the fac
(OUTE TO NOITH IS OPEN
Vatson Guides Marooned Autoists to
Safety-Gives Interesting Data on
Columbia.- .iany parties traveling
y auto. some from Florida, some from
eorgia and many from the Pee Dee
ection of this state, who have been
arooned in Columbia for the grea.t
r portion of the week, were made
appy when positive advices reached
be department of agriculture. com
erce and industries simultaneously
rom Gastonia, York and Chester are
connection had been established be
ween Charlotte and Gastonia.
Commissioner Watson having gath
red many of the marooned cars by
revious arrangement, left the city pi
ting the procession northward over
he 'Monticello road. He piloted the
arty as far as Winnsboro, which city
ras reached in good time without ac
ident over a good, dry road.
The department issued the follow
ag statement as to the emergency
oute that must be used perhaps for
ome time by those going north and
o the Pee Dee section:
"County Supervisor M. C. West
Tires from Camden in regard to the
atter of reestablishing highway con
ection there 'Nothing has been done.
ill arrange for crossing as soon as
"Ferry crossing of the Catawba at
3elr.ont. between 3astonia. N. C., and
2arlotte, N. C., -vas established July
1st, lettin~g m:stor driven vehicles
.cross. Hard work is being done to
:et the ferry between Che-,ter and
.ar.caster in operation, but the exact
im it will be In action can not yet
e stated. It will be several days
.t least. Parties for the north and
or the Pee Dee section points can.
towever. use the Gastonia-Charlotte
erry. going from Columbia via Ches
er, York and Gastonia to Charlotte
.nd thence northward and by Lanca's
er to a connection with the Washing
on-Atlanta highway North, and again
y Lancaster. Chesterfield and Che
aw or by Lancaster and Camden to
d points in the Pee Dee.
"An effort has been made to get
;un.er and Richland to see the great
-alue to all sections of the state from
he reopening o& the old Garner's fer
y, which would 'a"-e the people of
he entire PeL Dee section many miles
>f travel, but so far this effort has
>orne no fruit."
Three Drowned at Camden.
Camden.-Three mien lost their lives
n the Wateree river here when a
ighter on which they were attempting
o cross the stream capsized. Their
lames are T. J. Fletcher, white, fore
nan, of Garnett, S. C.; Alonzo Pan
iosh and Joe Williams, colored, places
f residence unknown. The men were
vorking on the Seaboard trestle. All
ree swam for some distance and
;ave out. One of the piers at th-.t
>oint causes the stream to frm a
langerous and swift whirlpool and it
vas in this current the tragedy oc
:urred. All of the men were strangers
iere, forming a part of a large crew
orking night and day to put the
restle in shape for traffic. The river
s slowly rising again.
Postpone Junior Order fyleeting.
Lancaster.-The time for the hold
ng of the annual meeting of the
runior Order of American MIechanics
n Greenwood has been postponed~
rom August 1 -to September 7. This
lecision was reached by State Coun
ellor Roach Sterwart of Lancaster,
n view of the condition of raii1road
ransportation at 'this time, which it
s though will be materially improved
>y September 7, the new date fixed for
ae meeting in Greenwood.
Bridge Carries Girt to Death.
Ware Shoal's.-Miss Neva Dallas, 21
-ears of age, a graduate of Due West
remale College, died from injuries re
:eived when a bridge over Saluda
-iver near here cohapsed, throwin'g
ier and four friends 25 feet againsit
.he rocks below.
Damage Not So Great.
Conway.--While the crops were
tard hit in Hiorry county by the tropi
al hrrican, w'hich swept this see
ion the damage to p)ropery at M1yrtle
>achi is not as great as was at first
eported. The property <Lamage is
Jlight. The cottages on the strand
tre now occupied and .-traveling men
nd guests are stopping at the hotel
t though nothing had happened.
SOUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITLMS.
T. . Mitchell of Greer,'-Route 3,
as appointed magistrate of High
and township. Greenville county, to
cuced F. L. Ballenge'r, resigncd.
Crop prospects. as a rule, have
iever been brighter in Lexington
:ounty than right now, and farmers
ta-e smiling. Old planti -sof corn
tre the best ever seen, and the later
slantings are looking exceedingly well.
W1ore corn will be raised in this coun
y his year than ever before known
n the history of the county.
Skottowe B. Fishburne. M. D.. city
calth office. for (2lumibia, has gone
oo New York City to study the infan
i-e paralysis epidemic.
"It is strange." said a veteran rail
vv employe at Spartanburg, "hdw
he wooden trestles stood thie flooid
raters. The ste-al bridges w.ent out.
mut the wooden seetions were left
Records in the clerk's oifice of the
jaited States district court for the
vestern district of South Cnro! na
l'ws atema dous imroaemen n
New Packs Are Useful.
"Pappoose sacks," the soldiers de.
risively call the new gripping packs,
which take the place of the familiar
blanket roll for service afield. The
canvas container holds toilet articles,
mess kit. poncho and spare clothing.
Attachments carry the blankets and
'the bayonet, also an eitrenching tool,
either a shovel or a pick-mattock.
When a charge is ordered a strap may
be pulled and the blanket dropped to
the ground. The container filled
weighs about 30 pounds.
Uncle Sam Wants Hayne.
First Lieut. James A. Hayne, secre
tary of the state board of health and
temporarily attached to the medical
staff at Camp Moore. has been offered
a place in the medical corps of the
United States army in the foreign ser
vice. He has received several tele
grams urging that he accept the com
mission, but has refused. I-e has seen
service in the west and In the canal
Goes Up for Regular Army.
Second Lieut. James T. Moore, ma
chine gun company, Second regiment.
left for Washington, having secured
a leave of absence. He will attend a
military training school and on Aug.
21 will take an examination for second
lieutenant in the United States army.
He was graduated from the Citadel
last June. He is a son of W. W. Moore,
Men of the Second regiment sere
naded Col. H. B. Springs with a "bot
tle band" under the leadership of Joe
Leapfrog is a favorite pastime in
the late af'ernoon. The Y. M. C. A.
tent is proving a great convenience
to the men. It is here that the boys
write letters back home.
Life at Camp score is moving along
smoothly and the men are hoping for
the day when the border order ar
A big news item in camp was the
killing of an alligator, seven feet long,
in Congaree Creek near the pumping
station. The members of the Second
regiment machine gun company have
been using a bathing pool near by.
Three Meals a Day.
"Good soup - I mean vegetable
soup." commented the guest.
"Good hash," added the visitor,
"and Bermuda onions."
"Yes," said the captain, also the
host, "and I might add the men are
being just as well fed."
"They got more than you did to
night," chimed in the orderly.
"And by the way," continued the
host, "you don't see any starving men
art Styx. I give you my word the aver
age man here is fed better than at
honie. Why, this morning I had a
piece of beefsteak that was fit for a
king. No better in Columbia. Now
we certainly appreciate the Interest
of the good women of the state in
sending the delicacies to camp, but
I must say that the soldiers are being
The guest was delighted with the
military supper and promised to re
turn for another meal.
"Yes," mused a private, after the
guest had left the officers' mess, "a
few phonograph records, some maga
zines and county papers would be
just as highly appreciated as rich
The Second battalion, First .infan
try. Mlaj. T. B. Spratt commanding,
gave a dress parade on the rifle range.
Companies from Spartanburg, Rock'
Hill and Union and the machine gun
company from Anderson participated.
The men were given much applause
as they -filed pass 'the large number of
visitors and soldiers from other com
The machine gun company partici
pated in target pracitice on -the rifle
range, some good scores being re
Word is expected from Washington
any clay concerning the request of
oy. Manning that some statement be
made as to when 'the troops will be
moved. The letter of the governor
was addressed 'to the president and
the secretary of war.
An effort will be made to recruit the
two South Carolina reginments in the'
National Guard of the Unitcd States
up to full war strengthi-150 men ti
the company-in the opinion of W. W.
Moore. adjutant genera'.. Recruiting
offieo will be opened at an early~ date
at reenville. S;>artanburg. Columbia.
and Florenc:'. Officers and mr", from
th coant artillery will he dectailedl for
service at these stations. The list of
officers for' each station has not yet
No definite dates have heen ?ixed
for the annual encampment of the
c'oast ar'tillery. according to W. W.
Moore. adjutant general. The matter
of fixing the dates is being handled
by the war department. The coast
artillery companies are located at.
Greenville. Spartanburg. Greenw'ood.
Gaffney and Joneaville.
"Life at Camp Moore is agreeing
with the men." said an officer. "Just,
look at the ruddy faces. The sallow
look of the mten from the offices and
mills has dlisapp~eared."
Capt. Manning Returns.
Cam. W.21. Manning of the Char
le--tn Lrih D~ragoons has returned to
Can ^-,. . after being sick in Co
So"-d'cr Underoes Operation.
''he first major operation by the
Cap 'doore surgeons since they wert
u (Ioe into federal service was per
f'..al atrhe Baptist hospital. Perr
T WIl o::'a private of Company M.
eod te'et. being t.he patien't
lIe trai ;.* udiettis. Private Wilsoni
a et ";.! 'and his chances for a
eed ' . ~ are good. He is t'he
o of airs .\. L. Wilson of Neeses.
VALUE OF bUR CLOVER
Cheapest and Most Easily Han
died Legume in the South.
Prevents Washing of Land in Winter
and When Plowed Under Aids Mate
rially in Improving the Fol
lowing Cotton Crop.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Bur clover alone Is commonly used
as a green-manure crop in the or
chards of California and is often so
handled that good volunteer crops are
obtained year after year.
In the South, undoubtedly the great
est value of bur clover - is due to
the fact that it is the cheapest and
most easily handled legume that can
be used as a combination cover and
Spotted Bur Clover.
green-manure crop. Even where f.
makes a small growth of only a few
inches in height, this is sufficient to
prevent to a large degree the wash
ing of the land in winter and when
plowed under to add sufficient humus
and nitrogen to improve materially the
following cotton crop. It is the most
economical legume to use for this
purpose, as when once a stand has
been secured and rows of the plants
are left to seed it will volunteer from
Toothed Bur Clover.
year to year. The same can be used
with corn or any other intert.illed sum
mer crop. There is some difficulty in
seeding bur clover in standing cot-.
ton, as in the harrowing of the bur
clover seed some of the ripe cotton is
pulled out of the bolls. On this ac
count the harrowing should be done
just after the pickers have been
through the field, to avoid as far as
possible any injury to the opened
There are several w-ell-authenticated
farm records which show that by the
simle use of bur clover in rotation
ith cotton the yields of cotton have
shown mar-ked increase year af-ter
year. There is apparently no other
leume as satisfactory as bur clover
for this purpose. The use of a sum
muer legume crop. like coccas or soy
beans, is advisable in good rotations,
but where cotton is grown continuous
lv it involves the omission of this crop
for an entire growing season. Fur
herore, when the cowpeas are
plowed under, a large amount of vege
tWb matter Is often added to the
sil that is good economy, and it is
1oact.icable to do this only at long in
trvals. It is much cheaper and much
mr'e satisfactory to use bur clover,
w~hichx after it is once established, does
not involve much expense for growing
seed, nor does it require the loss of
a growing season, as is the case with
a summer legume crop. Furthermore,
it adds each year a reasonable amount
of humus and nitrogen, which in the
nd gives mtuch more satisfactory re
sults than the turning under of a
large green-manure crop at long in
tervals. Perhaps no one thing will
:nd to bring about an incre,ased yield
rom cotton fields more surely and
mor cheaply than the general use of
ur clover to make winter cover and
Silage Supplies Succulence.
n addition to high food value, si
lge suplies succulenlce, which makes
e asily dligestible and keeps the sys
t*s of cews toned 2:p. This tends to
:rov&.lL summer conditions in the
iniry in winter, and res-nts in a fuli,
ydgml~ O RE -
MIXTURE FOR LAYING FOWLS
Scatter Equal arts of Graoked Sorn,
Wheat and Oats in Litter-Ma1ke
In order to obtain eggs it is neces
sary to have healthy, vigorous .stok,
A splendid mixtpre for laying hens
is equal parts of cracfed iorn, wheat,
and oats, which should be iequer
in the litter.
Bran or middlings :.1d beef smrs
should be kept in re'c. ptaees to which -
the fowls have accer.s at all times.
Plenty of exe'cis' increases the
Provide four or five inches of geed .
clean litter in which to utattr the
Cabbages, mangels, potatoes, sprout.
ed oats, etc., make excellent green
When wet mashes. are fled be surs
they are crumbly and not s.tlcky.
For the first three days chicks may,
be fed a mixture of equal parts hard
boiled eggs and stale bread, or stale
bread soaked in milk. When bread
and milk are used, care slfouhl be ex!
rcised to squeeze all m!!k o3 of the
bread. From the third or fourth dayt
until the chicks can eat wheat and
cracked oosn, commercial chick fel
is a good ration.
Plenty of pure, fresh water, grit
shell, and green feed slfould be avedl
able from the first- day.
There. is very little danger of dver
feeding .young stock.
Peed the chickens about five times;
dail-y and only what they will eat up
clean in a few' minutes, except at
night, when they should receite afl
FEED HOPPER F09 .CHICKENS
Device is Easily Constructed Out of
Old Soap Box-Grain Supply
Kept Properly .Screened.. -
A feed hopper for chickens ea eas
lly be made by swiing the sides of a
laundry soap box as indicated. A id .
is fastened on the top by hinges, atd
the feed is poured in at the top. The',
front slants, which keeps the- feed a
ways sliding down as it is tak'e out
A Feed Hopper fdr Chickens.
of the opening. The opening is covered
with chicken wire to kee~ the fowls
from stepping into the feed and foul?
lg it. The dotted'lines show the '
nal constructionl of the box.-Popu'
MANY MEDICINBS FOR ROLIP
With Strict Quarrntine and Dsnf*-t
ant in Drinking Water, Siroplest'
Cures Are Best.
There are many, medl ines for rnup,
and with strict- quarantie anddi
fectant in the drinking water theA
simplest cures are often the best -and
surest, but here is' one th'at is wortah
trying. When you use th-is you- omit
the disinfectant fi-om the water,
lowing all., sick and well to drink it,
but never like sick with the weU, re
member. Give this water to them
Get the druggist to mix it In
way: TPwo drains titreture of Iron.
dras tincture of aconite, e'wo drams
tincture o-f belladonna. Add to this fo.u
ounces of water, and, after shakig
well, put a full teaspoenful to es
quart of drinking water. This is
be relied on in severe colds, and
i roup if you db not let it get th
start of you in tie flock.
CAPITAL FE FGR FOLYLT
rain oft Cowpg~ and Kafir A
Eagly C~esedby Fowli4ey
Beans Also Are~heslot,
(owue anid ki~r are I~eb es
gsde in' Ieedisgtoth to po.Qfry,
shgwu that, fed-in tile-r.,.h
is nE)Le easily digested4 tIianf
itp meal gad red, ThIW fa
pree a grea Gavli tf he
have loth of- th~ese gsina .as fesd
Soy beggns are a buater fhad
owpas becaug ogf their
agr -thnW ethe Ritri9
ter contame'd4 in either~ cam'ar