Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1916. N038
NEW 8mHOUR LAA
BILL WHICH AVERTED THREAT
ENED STRIKE PASSES HOUSE
BY VOTE 239 TO 56.
TWO DEMOCRATS VOTE NA
Seventy Republicans and the One So
cialist Voted In Favor of the New
Bill.-Several Minor Amendments
Were Made to the Bill.
Washington.-The Adamson eight
hour day bill which railroad brother
hood officials said formally would
avert the threatened strike if enacted
was passed by the House and sent to
The vote was 239 to 56 with five
members not voting present.
Official House Vote.
The official vote' in the House on
the final passage of the amended Adam
son eight-hour day bill was:
Ayes 239; nays, 5G; present, 5. Two
Democrats voted against the bill and
70 Republicans, and the one Socialist
voted for it. None of the Progressives
The original text of the provision
was as follows:
Be it enacted by the Senate and
House of Representatives of the Unit
ed States of America in Congress as
Section 1. That beginning Decem
ber 1. 1916, eight hours shall in con
tracts for labor and service be deem
ed a day's work and the measure or
standard of a day's work for the pur
pose of reckoning the compensation
for services of all employes who are
now or may hereafter be employed
by any railroad. * * * *
Section 2. That the President
shall appoint a commission of three
which shall observe the operation and
effects of the institution of the eight
hour standard work day as above de
fined and the facts and conditions aft
fecting the relations between such
common carriers and employes dur
ing a period of not less than six
months nor more than nine months
In the discretion of the commission
and within 30 days thereafter such
commission shall report its findings to
the President and Congress. That
e&ch member of the commission creat
ed under the provisions of this acs
shall receive such compensation as
may be fixed by the President. The
sum o' $25,000 or so much thereof as
may be necessary be, and hereby is.
appropriated out of any money' in the
United States Treasury. * * * *
Section 3. That pending the report
of the commission, herein provided
for, and for a period of 30 days there
after, the compensation of railway
employes subject to this act for a
standard eight-hour work day shall
not be reduced below the present
standard days wage and for all neces
sary time in excess of eight hours
such employes shall be paid at a rate
not less than the pro rata rate for
such standard tight-hour work day.
Section 4. That any person violat
ing any provision of this act shall be
-fined not less than $100 and not more
-b1,000, or imprisoned not to ex
eaone year, or both.
The Adam'son bill as passed in the
House by a vote of 239 to 56, with mi
nor amendments, Is the same measure
which the brotherhood leaders official
ly declared would constitute a "satis
factory settlement" and pre :ent the
strike. The amendments, added to
conform to a draft framed by the Sen
ate Interstate Commerce Committee
would fix the effective date at January
1 instead of December 1, 1916, and ex
empt railroads less than 100 mIles long
and electric street and interurban
It was after a day of hot debate
that the House passed the bill, under
a special rule brought in when Re
publican Leader Mann objected to. its
consideration. Less than half of the
Republicans followed their floor leader
in the opposition and when the final
vote came 70 of them lined up with
the majority, only 56 voted against the
measure. Just two Democrats. Repre
sentatives Steele of Pennsylvania, and
Black of Texas, stood out against the
bill and Representative London of
New York. Socialist, voted for It.
Red tape was elimmnated as far as
possible to -rush the measu're over to
the Senate which, after several hours
of lively discussion over a bill report.
ed by its Interstate Commerce Com
mittee, had recessed until 8 o'clock.
At the outset of the night session
Senator Newlands sought and obtain
ed unanimous consent to put aside the
Senate bill and take up the one sent
over from the House, thereby paying
the way for quick final action without
parliamentary formalities that othee
wise would be necessary. Then Sena
tor Underwood brought up the issue
over which the Senate is divided by
proposing as an amendment the rate
fixing provision of the discarded Sen
Three Hours' Debate.
Over~this amendment debate waged
for three hours. Senators Newlands
and Underwood advocating it, and Sen
ator Cu::mins making a long speech
criticising the whole proceeding. Most
of the Senators had little to say and
in the cloak room there were strong
intimations that in the end the House
bill would go through without change.
For a vghile there was talk, of a~n all
* a regrist'
WILLIAM C. ADAMSON
Author of the eight-hour day law
night session,. but ezrly in the evenin;
word was passed that an agreemen
to adjourn and vote at a certain hou
Saturday would come before the die
cussion had gone very far.
While the House was at work, th
three brotherhood heads at the invi
tation of Democratic Leader Kitchi
occupied the Ways and Means Com
mittee room near the entrance to th
House floor and were in constant com
sultation with the labor spokesmen i
the House.' They were insistent tha
the eight-hour provision go throug
without any of the arbitartion o
wage-fixing amendments put forwari
during the debate. Representative Ca
sey of Pennsylvania was constantly o:
the go between them and Represents
tive Kitchin and Representative Keat
ing at Colorado. who conducted thei
fight on the floor. When the vote wa
taken they obviously were pleased
Their failure to make statements wa
a tribute to fear that anything the:
might say would have an undesirable
effect upon deliberations in th
The Senate committee bill was the
Adamson measure with the same
amendments adopted by the house
and an added section empowering the
Interstate Commerce Commission t
fix the wages of interstate railroa
employes at the end of the propose(
perica of investigation ' thereafter
When the senate began its nigh
session the galleries were throngec
to capacity, many railroad official!
and representatives of the brother
hoods being in the audience.
In asking unanimous consent tc
lay aside the senate bill and take uI
the one sent over from the house
Senator Newlands criticised Congres
for not responding to the President'
demand for legislation which would
serve as a protection against a future
labor crisis, and declared members
feared to face the issue because o:
the political campaign.
Senator Thomas also said that Con
gress -and not the President was evad
ing the responsibility of meeting
great emergency without fear and ii
a way to make its action permanen
Senator Cummins made a lon
speech against the house bill. H(
said the country was confronted witV
appalling disaster and he was nol
prepared to say that senators shoult
not yield some of their convictions t<
avert though it was impossible fol
him to believe the problem should be
solved in the way proposed. He de
elared in his opinion the amendmeni
of Senator Underwood would absolute
ly destroy the object of the bill and
he doubted if it would be satisfactor
to the brotherhood leaders.
Taking up the bill in detail Sena
tor Cummins said the first provisior
In it meant nothing for the trainmer
so far as hours are concerned be
ause overtime work Is not paid al
igher rate than work up to eigh
As soon as Senator Cummins con
luded Senator Newlands proposed ad
ournment with the agreement to vote
romptly was given unanimous con
snt ending the session.
All throughout Friday morning
President Wilson was at his office ii
he Capitol conferring with Adminis
ration leaders and aiding in arrange
ets for putting the legislation
through. He left Washington at3
>'clock Friday afternoon for Long
Branch. N. J., where he was notified
formially Saturday of his nominatiox
for r 3-election.
DEAD ENGINEER LEFT
AN ESTATE OF $24,000
Asheville. N. C.-Clerk of the Court
John H. Cathey probated the will of
the late William Brown, of Brysoz
City, North Carolina, the engineer
who was kiiled recently when his en
gine overturned at Willets, on the
Murphy division. He left property
valued at approximately $24,000. and
the bulk of the estate. after severn
bequests to brothers and sisters, goe:
to his widow.
May Use Steel Breastplates.
So successful in reducing mortalit:
have been the new French steel hel
mets that it is now proposed to equil
troops in the trenches with stee
Holding up one of the casques at
meeting of the Academy of Medicin<
at Paris, Doctor Roussy pointed to
longitudinal rent in its side and sal<
it represented the work of a Germa:
bullet fired at 200-yard range.
"But for this helmet," exclaime<
the professor, "the wearer woul<
have been killed outright. As it was
the soldier sustained but a slight au
perficial contusion of the scalp."
o the polls ne
NATIONAL GUARD WILL STAY ON
BORDER UNTIL NOVEMBER
1ST AT LEAST.
NEWS FROM BORDER CAMP
A Weekly Letter, Prepared Especially
For Our Readers, From the South
Carolina Guardsmen Encamped at
Fort Bliss, Texas.
In Camp with the South Carolina
Brigade, in the El Paso Patrol District.
-That the South Carolina National
Guard will be kept on the border at
least until November 1 is revealed
t through the program of field training
r which has been issued from the head
- quarters of the El Paso district in ac- a
cordance with the provisions of gen
e eral orders, No. 17, of the war de
partment. The program mapped out r
runs through the 31st of October and n
what is intended beyond that date is 9
e not known. Whether there will be
further training of the troops or
o whether they will be sent back to
their homes is something which only
a the war department and the military t
r chieftains know.
A progressive order of instructions fi
is being followed with the idea of
reaching a fair degree of training by
the 1st of November. Instructions com- p
menced with the small units and pro- u
r gress to the larger units culminating I
in the field manoeuvres of all the ii
troops in divisions and in the district
during the latter part of Novembe.
The instruction began with . t:
training of companies and this was b
e during the month of August. Because a
the South Carolina regiments did not a
reach the border until some days ago I
they will necessarily have to compress
the training into a smaller space of
time but .s they received considerable a
1 work by companies during the time a
they were at Styx they are in a good C
way to take up the work at this point a
and carry it through according to the 2
program and without losing in effici
The T .lmetto regiments began com
pany drills Monday morning and thisb
will continue through the 31st inst.
This will be followed by the training
by battalions from September 1 to Sep
tember 15, inclusive, and by training
by regiments from September 16 to
I September 25, inclusive. Q
From September 26 to September
81 the trcops will be trained by brig
In Field Manoeuvres.
The month of October 1 to October
31 will be devoted to field work and
manoeuvres and this will be by the C
largest bodies, such as divisions and y
all the troops in this district. It i j
thought that these manoeuvres will b, a
held at some point where there is suf- t
finient ground for the handling of the r
thousands of soldiers and just where t
this will be is not known yet to the t
During the dress parade no swords
are used. but the officers wear their tl
Lieut. Ortmann of the German Fusi- 5
leers is- collecting a baseball team I
from the Second to go up against those I
from the other National Guard regi- 2
ments. A baseball league has been c
formed composed of the National a
Guard regiments from all the states
encamped in this district and Lieiut.
Ortmann is determined to put out a u
team which will prove a winner. The: ti
Second has some fine baseball stars f
and they will more than hold their own t
on any diamond and against all c
Col. Springs has telegraphed Gov. o
Manning recommending the appoint- 9
ment of George M1. Benet as lieuten
ant of the Columbia Light infantry.
Mr. Benet was formerly lieutenant of n
this company but was rejected on phy- o
sical examination. However he has g
since qualified and Col. Springs rec-; 9
ommends his reinsttement. C
The '-eport that President Wilson ti
may review the troops encamped in 4
El Paso and along the border has C
caused a good deal of interest tlhrough- 1
out the c-amps of the National Guards
men and regulars. In no place would;
the visit of the president be more wel- S
comned than among the South Caro
linians, for they are not only all good~
soldiers and would -welcome at any a
tieavisit and review bytheir cam- p
mander-/n-c-hief. but it happens that di
they are all Democrats and followers
of the man in the White House.
The Secondl regiment band was be- o
ing instructed the first of the week In h
ho'w to prepare blanket rolls for ser
vice in the field. Bandmaster 0. K. h
Wilson practices his men at every n
opportunity and they have become II
Lieut. Alexander of Company K has
been detailed by Col. Springs in S
charge of construction for the Second f
-an his detail is now br'iding the corn- c
bination kitchens and mess halls a
which will be thoroughly screened. a
Lieut. Smith of the Timmonsville e
company is exchange officer of the t!
Second. . o
1Ma~j. Bradford continues as .sum
mary couri officer of the Second. Ic
jThe machine gun company of the C
Scond had a practice work out with C
,the machire gun company of the it
Seventh regiment of the regular ax-my 2.
as Monday at Fort Bliss. y
xt Tuesday, S
mte to vote. ]
OF INTEREST TC ALL SOUTH
In the First District Mr. Whaley go
.552 votes against 4,907 for J. (
adgett. his opponent.
In the Second Mr. Byrnes swept th
eld. carrying every county agains
Jvin Etheridge, his opponent.
In the Sixth Mr. Ragsdale led wit
).220 vote~s. while Mclinnes polle
.031 votes. Mr. Evans reelved 1,39
Approximately 2.000 people gathere
t Tirzah. a station six miles east <
ori:. to attend the annual picnic hel
t that place.
W. '. Patrick of the Bowman sec
!on of Orangeburg county, has bee
eiec:ed as farm demonstration ager
>r Marion county.
The people of Bowman, Cow Ca:
.e and M5iOle townships of Orange
urg county will held a community far
t Bowman on Thursday. October 5.
In the Fourth, na J. Nrcholls ca:
ed every county against two oppc
eats. the vote standing; Nicholls, 12
01; D. B. Tiaxler. 3.191; A. H. Mille:
John Caldwl1 Coficld, a well know
frmer living in the Goshen Hill sec
on, Union county, died at the home
f his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Cc
eld. He was 45 years old.
Mayor Griffith of Columbia has ai
ointed Thornwmil McMaster of Co
mbia as a delegate to the Atlanti
eeper Waterways Association mee
ig at Philadelphia in September.
Within the nc::t few weeks construe
on work will e in on a new stor
uilding in Greenvi:le. This buill
rhich is to coy frirn $3,000 to '10.00(
ill be erected by J. Q. Jones and _
In the Third Di:-t F. H. Dominic
t Newberry 1 v, th 7,921 vote
hile Wyatt Ail.- ailed 6.095. He-r
Tillman with :.S82, A. H. Dage
ith 3,S14 a:,d John A. Horton wit
344 followed in1 order.
A new X-ray iachine, as fine as an
be had in the ,; itcd States. is no'
eing installed : :he city hospital i
reenville. Th ' -.of governor
rchased this 'atus some tia%
go paying abc: 500 for it.
W. W. Moore e adjutant genera
ill receive in " w days a mark:
anship troph -v ented by citizen
Ilion. N. Y. :he National Guar
South Carc-. --, be awarded a:
ally to the - making the bes
3cord for the .n rifle practice.
Sea Island -rowers of Sout
arolina are ing. a tour of in
estigation ; the boll weevi
ifested ter . south Georgi
d Alabama -der to see fc
emselves h farmers of thos
~gi-ns have~ a :ed their practic
the new co: a. .ns arising out c
ie crop pest.
Practically ec. z'te returns froi
ie primary el ' : show the follov
g vote for go- - r: Cole -L. Bleasi
,460; Richar2 i. Manning. 38,463
obert A. Coc"o. 28.S67; John Iv:
eschamps. 20 3; and John T. Duncai
90. The total vote reported ei
seds 123,000 and not more than 2.50
iditional vote:s wre cast.
In the Fifth th: -* *esult is apparentl
y longer in doubt. The last tabuli
on which ir ne:e the complete vot
om both Tc" and Chesterfield cour
es the home e-:nties of the tw
ntenders, gave ?:-. Finley a lead c
bout 800 over W. F. Stevenson, h!
pponent. The vote stood: Finlej
617; Stevenson. SS03.
Following is a consolidated stati
rent of the returns to date in respec
four state offices: For lieutenatn
>vernor-ethea CG.342. Adams 39
71; for secretary of state-Dove 61
1. Wightnman 44.689; for stat
.easurerCartir 63,922. McLauri
7.505; for railroad commissioner
sier 39.451, Fant 29.283. Hampto
7.548. Kell:y 13.053. Thrower 9.893.
OUTI- CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS
Arthur C. Stevenson. local manage
the National Cash Register (cOfl
my. shot and killed himself at hi
ihi: o'fico at Charleston.
Th treasury department ha
vrdr~ed a co::treet to P. Sanford Rtos
S:vn'~ih tri dtedio the custer
'e slip at C'harlestoi, for $3,500.
J. A. Watson's B-'ry cotton warf
mise on is plantation si mile
rth of (Th.::-aw. wa destroyed b:
-o.Sixhaes ~f ~v cotton and:
>r~'ss ga a. Mrgi gburned.
That:hid l!.o inthe mnills r;
fr:S by th dt'.de armnlt c
Arc're Athema thr hr bee
i i:ernsein t -21:'.numnber 0
no:vye in the n. - here is mocr
-1 1.i0 les= ch:7'oa under the ag
January- 1. 1917. the new chili
o law goes into effert and a~'u
s will nutomatiily go out.
The companies of both the re-0
and Second South Carolina infantry
regiment: are undergoing training
tests every day and the program
through which they are being put is
a strenuous one. They are respond
ing as only South Carolinians can and
t the strides which they are making in
all lines of soldiering is a source of
continual gratification to those inter
ested in them. The companies are
e given three and orc-half hours' drill
t every morning.
The companies are put through
tests in target practice, company com
bat, field equipment and individual
tests. Under target practice cor
the results of firing with service am
munition covering, nature of course
I followed, number of men firing course.
f number of men not firing course
I rigid estimate from examination of
company records of the average pro
ficiency of its men with the rifle.
In company combat test a simple
a attack problem is worked out. The
t enemy is indicated or outlined at
about 1,200 yards and the points gr.
which the company is marked are:
Captain's battle order, its form, com
pleteness. and to whom issued; com
r bat patrols and manner of use; for
mations employed; use of cover; cor
rectness of range, designation of tar
get: distribution of fire; proper sight
setting; fire control and discipline, in
eluding use of I. D. R. signals; contin
uity of fire during adv'nce; time
methods, and execution of reinforcing;
time and conduct of the charge, and
method of fixing bayonets; 2erfor
mance of duties by platoon command
ers, by guides and by buglers.
Several members of the Traynham
Guards of Laurens, under the leader
ship of Lieut. Smith. went among the.
sage brush and cactus on the right of
r the South Carolina camp and caught
a number of rabbits, a partridge,
horned toads and other animals ancd
reptiles peculiar to this section of the
woods. The rabbits were skinned and
brought back into camp and cooked
Lieut. Crawford of the Fort Mill com
pany, who is trying to domesticate
what he calls a jackrabbit but Capt
Park declares is nothing but the old
South Carolina "molly cottontail,"
was sorry when he heard that the
Laurens boys had killed what rabbits
they had caught, for he wanted tc
start a rabbit farm.'
To Instruct First.
Capt. Brabson of the regular army
has been assigned to the First South
Carolina as inspector-instruetor and
F has assumed his duties. Capt. Brab'
, son Is a native of Tennessee and ranks
high in military efficiency. He is
popular already with the officers and
Brig. Gen. William L. Sibert -has
been assigned to the command of the
Ninth division, which will be madE
up of the troops from North Carolina,
i South Carolina. Georgia and Florida
according to a recent announcement.
Gen. Sibert was graduated at West
Point In the class of 1884, and won
his brigadier gcneralship througl
his work in the Panama canal zone
He will assume command when all of
the Ninth division arrives here, it it
H. E. Harrelson of Conway has
been appointed one of the regimental
color scrgeants' by Col. Springs in
recognition of his services and effi
ciency. lie was for 15 years in th
regular army and is an expert ri
and pistol shot, having 22 medals re
ceived in contests. 18 of them being
I old. Hie won the rapid fire match of
the Pan-Amnerican Union in 1912 at
Camp Perry and was a member of the
al am team in 1908, 1909, 1911 and
Snake hunting is becoming a pop
ular pastime with the sbldiers and~
many of the South Carolina men have
caught several fine speciments of the
rattler. but the prize .catcher of
snakes is Wellington T. Reed, a cor
poral of the Eighth Pennsylvania. He
came into the Palmetto camp the
other day with a rattler 32 Incher
long, with eight rattles and one but
ton, and the reptile was curled around'
his neck. Corporal Reed is one of
.the numerous models of Charlie
'haplin. who is the favorite fashlor
t artist for the guardsmaen from all the
.states encamped in the El Past
patrol district. He goes Mr. Chaplin
one better by wearing a vigorous ant'
well shaped goatee. Wh'en over ir
the Carolina camp the other day witih
his rattler the Pennsylvania corpora'
was the center ot several groups and
he did not appear to mind having the
snake bite him whenever and where
ever it wished. However, he had re
moved the fangs. so there was no dan
r ger of poison.
Engineers at Work.
The engineer company, under Capt
Pennell, is working about 40 prisoners
from Fort Bliss in building roads. The
enginers are busy and are showing
improvement every day as a result o1
the training which they are receiving
They expect shortly to move their
camp across the railroad and to be
part of a battalion comprising beside'
them companies from Ohio and some
Th'ere is no intimation as to when
the troops from Florida. Georgia or
North Carolina will comn ein, but that
they a.re expectedl is shown by the
preparations being made for theri.
The Florida regime~nt wvill encamp
just below the First South Carolina
ad the Georgia and North Carolina
brigades above the Second South Car
olina. Latrines have been built and
water pipes laid in the ground on
which these troop-; will encamp) and
Ijall they will have to do onaril
Will he 'o grub the camp site of cas
ts. sage brush and mesquite and
pitch their tents.
,and vote ior
tion to polit
IN "HICKORY BANK"
PIONEER HAD SAFE PLACE FOR
HIS STORE OF GOLD.
What Might Be Considered Accident
Was the Means of Revealing What
Meant Fortune to Jim Apple
gate and His Mother.
One day in March, 1858, Jim Apple
gate, aged twelve, accompanied his fa
ther to the bank of a little Indiana
town, where Mr. Applegate drew out
the $35,000 for which he had sold his j
farm, in 250 20-dollar gold pieces.
"It will pay you to keep an eye on
that pile of gold," cautioned the
"Tomorrow I'll put it in a hickory
hank," said Mr. Applegate.
The banker smiled if he caught
the point, but Jim was puzzled.
:"What is a hickory bank, pa?" he
'It's a pretty safe sort of bank, son,
when you're traveling," was all his fa
tiler would say.
At the hardware store Mr. Applegate
bought an inch-and-three-quarters
auger with an extra long shaft, :nd
then they went home. After that night
Jim saw the money no more. Mr. Ap
plegate kept his business affairs to
himself, and neither Jim nor his moth
er knew where it was.
The Applegate family was one of
ten families that traveled in prairie
wagons that year from Indiana to Ore
gon over the famous Oregon trail. The
2,000-mile journey was less dangerous
than it lad been 15 years before, but
there were still perils, the most serious
of which was that from attacks by hos
For that reason there was something
of a military arrangement to the march
even of these ten wagons, and each
night the wagons were drawn up in a
circle and the yoke and chains of each
wagon were used to connect it with
that In front. Within this circular forti
fication the camp fires were built.
On the eightieth day out they were
attacked by a party of young Indians,
who thought to take advantage of the
smallness of the party. The skirmish
was brief, but bloody and tragic enough
for that small band of emigrants. They
drove off the redskins, but lost two of
their own number. One of the men
who were killed was Mr. Applegate.
Mrs. Applegate left her husband, and
Jim, his father, inder the fresh-heaped
mound upon the plain, and there also
they left the secret of the "hickory
bank." They ransacked the wagon
from top to bottom; they looked'
through all of Mr. Applegate's private
papers and notebooks; but they could
not find the money, nor did the papers
contain any note or memorandum of
its hiding place.
All that Jim and his mother had was
a little over a hundred dollars in
money, five cows, the ox team they
were driving, the wagon and the house
hold effects that it contained. .
Westward from Fort Hall the road
was rough and mountainous. One day,
as they were descending the rockiest
and roughest portion, the Applegate
wagon was in the rear. It was three
o'clock in the afternoon. Jim's mother
was driving, and he was walking be
hind, occasionally throwing a stone at
one of the loose cows or calves that
ersisted in loitering. There were
lbrupt breaks in the surface two and
three feet high. The rear wheels would
slide over these miniature precipices
andi hit the lower level with a sudden
ness and violence that shook the whole
wagon and rattled the pans and ket
tIes off their hooks.
M tcr one of these "jump-offs," some
wht higher than usual, Jim saw that
the hind wheels of the wagon were
turning drunkenly. They were lean
g in at the top and out at the bottom~.
His mother drove on, unawvare that
anything was wrong, and he ran to
catch up with her. A shining gold
pic~e in the middle of the road caught
his eye. Atalanta-like, he stopped to
pick it up. Fifteen feet farther on he
found another. They began to appear
tikly, and he gathered them up as lie
went. Before he reached the wagon
his mother had driven over another
of the "jump-offs," und the tops of the
wheels leaned in so far that they began
to r'ub against the sides of the wagon
bed. M~rs. Applegate stopped the oxen
a~d leaned out to see what was th
Jim came up and stooped down be
side the rear axle. A yellow pile of
$20 gold pieces lay there, and other
pieces were rolling out of an auger
hole that ran like thle bore of a ritie
through the center of the splintered
hi'kry column of the broken axle.
That was the hickory bank.--Youth's
Army Grows Its Potatoes.
The British army;: has started toj
grow its own pota Itoes. Instructions~
have been sent, or are being seat, from
theC war office to every command, indli
''ating the lines wl:ieh should be fol
3iilitary requir'erh'ents are very large,
and !ittl more than half the usual
sutp!ies f po'tato''s are coming into
be ::t..-s.with the result that pre
u ar'pri"'s to the public are nearly dou
At on'e c ampin aluNrrey digging opera
tons~ twenn rcen'itly, and the seed po
t tocs are" to be plantedl in a few days
inrw. evuen the huts. A number
ol m. ni e b eing told off eatch day for
.u'gng, and others are being asked to
hel inspae tme.At a camp in
Yorkhir poatogrowing began some
v.:c :.:/ , i sunderstood tt instrue
Itio<" win "n h le issuedl fori L- grow
ing o. vege.'tables.
our choice. X
tiIT ALLIES IN-WAR
LAST OF THE BALKAN NATIONS
IS REPORTED READY FOR
REPORT ABDUCTION OF KING
Crown Prince Has Been Named as Su
cessor with Former Premier Venl
zelos as Power Behind Throne.
London.-Official dispatches reach
ing London which apparently have
been much censored, have been that
Greece has abandoned her neutrality
and thrown her lot on the side of the
Whether Greece has already declar
ed war is problematical, as is the na
tion or nations to whom she has
thrown down the gauntlet.
It is reported King Constantine has
abdicated and the Crown Prince
has been named as his successor with
former Premier Venizelos as the pow
er behind the throne. The British
foreign office says it has no confirma
tion of the king's abdication.
An Entente fleet of 23 warships and
seven transports is reported off Pi
Constantine I, King of Greece, whe
is reported to have abdicated succeed
ed his father, King George, on the
latter's asrassination, March 18, 1913,
and is a brother-in-law of Kaiser Wil
The relationship has resulted In
protestations by the King against the
Allied occupation of Salonlki.
raeus, the port of Athens. A dispatch
from Athens says it is probable that
the Greek elections set for October 8
will be postponed for a fortnight.
The Greek garrisons at Saloniki, at
Vodena and at Fort Little Wai'aburun
have surrendered to a committee which
has taken over the admInistratIon of
part of Greek Macedonia, acconing to
dipatches from Saloniki.
The revolt in Saloniki Is ounfirmed
by the British foreign office. Greeks
friendly to the Entente, sumunded
the barracks of the Greek infantry in
Saloniki and are said to have exchang
ed shots with them. General Carrail,
Allied commander at Saloniki, Inter- I
vened~ to prevent further bloodshed.
Russian troops have begun another
advance and Petrograd reports fight
ing In Volyhnia amd- in Galicia. The
Russians also have seized a series of
heights in the Carpa-thians and are
moving westward along the Rumanian
border of Bukowina. Petrograd claims
the capture of about 16,000 prisoners.
A withdrawal of the Austro-Germnan
lines South of the Zlota-Ltpa-Dnister
section is recorded by Berlin. Progress
by the Russians, West of Tarnopol is
admitted, but Russian attacks in the
"rpathians and near Lutsk were re
)ulsed, Berlin says.
No fighting Is reported In Mace
donia and there are no late reports on
the operations in Transylvania.
PRESIDENT HAS SIGNED
CHILD LABOR MEASURE,
Washington.-President Wilson on
Friday. September 1st, signed the
child labor bill. The ceremony was
witnessed by Secretary Wilson, Sen
ator Robinson, Representative Keat
ing, Julia Lathrop. chif of the* Child
ren's Bureau of the Labor Depart
ment, and a large group of men and
women interested in the legislation.
'The law becomes effective September
Things are not always what they
sem-nor so old, either.
"Is this a genuine antique?" asked
the customer suspiciously.
"Certinly," replied thc dealer, in
a~n offended voice. "It is more than
ix hundred years old."
"That's remarkable," commented
the customer dryly. "It is dated 1912."
But the antique, deeler was not to,
be caught napping.
"Let me see," he said. "Why, so1
It is! That's the fault of my assist
ant. He's put the figures on wrodgly.
It ought to be 1219-"-ttbrghk
Chron icleTelegraph. -
ou do not hav
4AWAlIANS SHOW PICTURESQ
NESS IN THEIR CHOICE.
Fancy Liberally Drawn Upon by
Islanders-Question of Gender og
Appropriateness a Matter of
The natives of Hawaii are singulal'
y picturesque in their choice of names.
ir. Scissors, The Thief, The Ghost,
the Fool, The Man Who Washes His
)imples, Mrs. Oyster, The Weary Liz
ard, The Husband of Kanela (a mal
log), The Great Kettle, The
lose, The Atlantie Ocean, The Stom
LCh, Poor Pussy, Mrs. Turkey, The
Ceuth Heaven are all names that ha
Lppeared in the city directory.
They are often c,.. .y 'tie gen
ler or appropriatener. of the names
hey take. A house!older on Bere
ania street, -HonolulU, is called The
>retty Woman (Wahine Maika); a
nale infant was lately christened Mrs.
'hompkins ; one little girl is name.
Samson; another The Man; Susan
Kukena) is a. boy ; so are Poy
Sarah, Jane Peter and Henry Ann.
>retty little maid has been named by
ier fond parents The Pig Sty (Hale: r
Pan). For some unknown reason-or
or no reason at all-one boy is
amed The Rat Eater (Kamea O1
Rev. Dr. Coan 0 Hawaii possessed
:he love of his flock. One morning
:hild was presented for baptism whs
lame was given by the parentsMik: -M
when the ceremony was fnished the
arents assured the doctor that they;
mad named the baby for him.
"But my name is not Michael," said ;
the doctor, supposing Mikia to b
"We always hear your wife cal o =
ikia !" answered the mother. She
had mistaken Mrs. Coan's familinr
"my dear" for her husband's ven 4
An old servant in 'Doctor Wrght'e
family at Kohala caused. her gran&_
hild to be baptized in church The(
Doctor (Kauka) ; that was its only
name. By way of compliment to
early physicians many children were=
named after their drugs, as Joseph'
Squills, Miss Rhubarb, Th Eeti,
rhe Doctor Who Peeps In at the Door.
Names uncomplimentary, or even,
lsgusting, are willingly borne by their
>wners; others convey a pleasing and
rraceful sentiment. Among the latter
tre the Arch of Heaven (Ka Ria Lani),
rhe River of Twilight (Ha Wia Lan!).
le Delicate Wreath (Ka Let.ma LiI).l .
the name of Lilin 0 Kalan, the
iueen now in retirement, means a
L.ly in the Sky.-Youth's Companion:
The New Paris.
The red pantaloons of the uniform';
re now pale blue, and under the ste -
elmets, similar to the burgonets -o
the middle ages, the hardened fac .
>f the poilus speak of battles. E
lowers are still to be had at the i.
>sks and from the little pushcarts;
:hildren still play noisily in the court
rards, or dance to the music of a -
chance organ grinder; mothers smile
n meeting friends, and stop to talk
ts ever, and the servants gossip in the
And yet all these faces, .old and
roung, aristocratic and humble, civil
yr military, bear the same expression,
rave, expectant, veiled. One might
ay that everybody listens to the dis
tant flow of his very heart's b~ood,
hle here runits regurcourse. It
s the atmosphere of universal fra
ternity which the war has impressed
n the Fi-ench people that later shal1-1
perhaps create a new France.-Mrs.
Bernardin-Sjoestedt, in Cartoons Mfag
Daylight and Sleep.
Opponents of the daylight sating
ill in E'ngland are not likely to go
ps far as did those of the alteration
f the calendar, which took place in
the eighteenth century. This chane
was made to bring England Into line
with most other European countries
who had calculated leap-year differ'
ently from them. The result was an
pparent loss of 11 days at the beln
2ng of September, and In certain parts.
,f the country riots took place, dur
[ng which the wvar cry of the insur
gents was "Give us back our eleven
ays." Theirs, of course, was a per
anent loss, whereas those who now
bject to- being deprived of -an hour's
sleep on May 21 have the consolation
rf knowing that they will get their
wn back again in October.-London
Most Wonderful Thing.
"I suppose you see some very re
arkable things?" said the InquIsitive
traveler to the sailor on leave.
"Aye," replied the sailor. "There's
somie wonderful things. Now the most
wonderful thing to my mind--"
He paused to fill a pipe, and the
railway carriage held Its breath as It
waited submarine revelations.
The most wonderful thing about -
;his war," continued the sailor, "Is the
ld cat on our ship. She's got a
ammock of 'er own, and when our
vatch turns in she 'ops into 'er 'am
nock and pits 'er 'ead on a little pil
ow like a Christian. Me and my mate
s goin' to take that cat round the
alls when the bloomin' war is over."
The Same Species.
He-My dear, where did this awful
,ig spider comie fromi?
She-James. you have been drinking
hose iwri cocktilis again. Thats
ny new sprin~g hat.
e to have