Newspaper Page Text
N-V NC1 19x6.
3 g are made in "aSan
j ? Plant and Contiatns
ptire rgrdieutS in
. 'ine akes
of guest and
Gbod to Fat."
he Fashion Show to,
lugra of Columbia is
H at ispent yesterday if
rrGfgae.vi.ted his old home
a eO f Columbia'is
r AHarvin of Priva
ba "Indian Pariiy" at
"r6oo Friday night the.3rd
-R By lmock. a'our door
-30I way through the
.n 4t~ Ce nabia is
a i iwil address
" " 3 the /western
ec .;fob =she weli
i y Fair
fe -the most
* jgion usta)bat
"ove to her
eorn at the1
- ~ ?alle Mr.
8 ears; Mr.
- ce oice~ and
~zSumter, Mr. S
o(Kingstreef made a
M.and Mrs. S.
! Alln Sauls will
* ,~ ~tb~he s- criti
~~8ca~biN~ugbs a son of
rnoonk at the
.-rght in Mannig,
de, and 'e buirial
-a beeni -in ill
has granted Wil
of0- days, by.
~~i~oc.~dins in the case.
-enteced to be electro
- ~t, o~-Otober.
e-A f obr - new mzachinery
wekwe are short on
~y he proper
.~ %hts our office
9t-~I16, at 10 o'clock,
2ho~ at &anning. All
tb& Association are re
ated W.'T. P. Sprots,.
'~c-Zlxurdy -night h. his
7m9~jr~neMr. Jeirome P.
S r 7e 8 years. He -mar
3N o~od and once
7 iMan ng who preceded to the
Yee Tatures of fair week,
show. There will.be
~-ahclass.. One class
~~omiD an(~ytoone-- year, a~d
cass s. from one ,to two
ew;~ conest will last one hour
d mpheo z first -day of the
,be-a sale of second-hand
.uoder tie auspiees of the W.
- - ~ ze frontp prtof Mr. Legg's
mng Friday afternoon, and
mosgh Saturday of this week.
e earnestly requested,
* uT-a ba committee at the
y affernoon and all day
th~u em.en e ap
'b~ea-t she you
This morning at 5 o'clock the afarm
6i fire was given by Policeman Flowers;
when he discovered the store of the
Levi Mercantile Co. burning. The fire
man came out promptly and by hard
work kept'the flames in the building
where it started. The loss to the Levi
Co. and Louis Levi is heavy, as they
carry large stocks of goods, and are
ouly partly coverei by insurance. The
fite-evidently had been burning all
night, as Mr. J. W. Heriott, who lives
out o town, says he saw the light at
3 oelock, and of course it had gained
considerable head way when discovered
:vthe offcer. The cause of the fire is
Last night a regro was found loiter
og about th! Au.antie Coast Line
rreight yards, and he dii not serm
o.bave any busin-; in that part of
thecity, he was detained by Mr. Eager
ton, the night watchman and later
turned over to Policeman Owens and
placedin the lock-up on a charge of
vagrancy. Later it was found that he
was from near Manning and that he
had shot a negro named Lester Brun
son, who lived on the McDowell Mlc
Faddin. place in the Sammy Swamp
section of Clarendon oounty. yesterday,
the ball hitting him in the forehead
,.nd producing a ivound from which he
will hardly recover. Felder will be
help in custody awaiting the result of
the wound.-Sumter Herald, Oct. 27.
The marriage of J. Osgood howard
of Fort Myers, Fla., an. Miss Martha
Pearle Moody, Manning', S. C , was
solemized Wednesday evening. Onto
ber 25th. The ceremony took place at
e residence of Prof. and Nl ts. J. W.
Sheirills on Garrett Street, where the
bride had been on a visit, she being a
cousion of Prof- Sherrilis. Rev. J. P.
Hilburn, pastor o! the First Methodist
church, performed the ceremony. The
marriage was-witnessed only by mem
bers of the family, comini=as asurprise
to their many friends. Mr. and Mrs.
Howsrd will make their home in Fort
Meyers, where Mr. Howard holds a
responsible position as head manager
of a wholesale house.-Fort Myers
Rally Day at Trinity.
Accordingjo announcement last Sun
day afternoon was observed as I tly
Day at Trinity Church and a :.ost
pleasant and profitab:e occasion it was.
The Sunday School met at 3 o'clocet.
Mr. Alex M. White, Superintendent.
After the exercises by the Sunday
School, which lasted about one hour.
the Pastor. Dr. Watson B. Duncan,
took the Chair and presided over the
meeting that followed. Tne opening
religious exercises being over, Dr.
Duncan spoke a few words of appro
priate introduction and presented Hon
J. .H. Lesesne; who made the first
speech, and a good one it was. Mr.
Lesesie coitratulated the people of
Se:co5 mumnty-upon the progress tha
been made in that section within
blast- few yars, He refered to the
sigas-of material progress which gave
vdenceof thrift along the lina of the
earthly. He also referred to the splen
id school building near the church
and the edbcational. advancement that
had been .attained. He considered,
nowever, the church and the Sunday
School the supreme evidence of their
piogress, calling attention to tne fact
that these stand for the highest ele
ments in our civilization and without
theno people 'an be great. He stress
r the duty of every man to identify
himself with these things and give his
sympamhy and support to them.
At4he conclusion of ttic address, M r
9: & Sprost-was introduced. He some
what startled the congregation by stat
og that he was going -to talk about
eoton" 01 course, this caught the
at.tention of thaepeople for we are all
interested-in this subject. This, howv
eve ; was only the starting poiht of an
interesting~ address on the benefits of
.missonary work- anad our obligations
to other people. Mr. Sprott quoted some
interesting statistics upon the amount
of-cptton exported -to other countries
and showed that this was made possible
by the-fact that missionaries had gone
to these 'other count ries and opened
the. way. The speaker emphasized tlie
fact that this was the lowest motive for
iissionary appeal,'but he used it as a
pointer to other larger'things. He citli
ed attention to que tact that our pus
session of the gospel obligated us to
give it to others.
After the addresses an. offering was
made for the great benevolences of the
the church and a nice sum was con
Congressman Whaley Urges You to Vote.
Charleston, S. C., Oct. ?-, 1916.
Editora The Times:
During the years of tbe Democratic
administration there has been heard
on aall sides, and constantly refterred to
in th e press, that Woodrow Wilson is
a minority presiden t. To other words,
tnat there are more voters in the na
tion belonging to the republican party
.(Progressive and Republican) than the
Democratic yarty.- In my opinion, this
assertion is due to tne fact that the
large mass of democratic voters in the
Southern States, and particularly in
South Carolina, do not bother to vote
at.the general election. The votes cast
at the general election are the ones
counted in the national computation of
the numbers received by the two parties
I wish to utge upon you and through
your columns to impress upon the
voters of this State the necessity of
going to the polls on November 7th and
asting their ballots for the U".mo
cratic electors and thereby placing
South Carolina in the proper light be
fore the people of the country. I am
prompted to write you not with a view
to my ewn election, oh the 7th, as I feel1
assured that every Democrat who votesI
will abide by the result of the primary,
but because I am very anxious that my
constituents in particular, and thei
voters of the State generally, show
their appreciation of the great work
accomplished by the Democratie ad min
istration during the last three years.
for the farmers, merchants, bankers
and laboring men, and to demonstrate
to the people of the nation their ad
miration and devotion -to that great
democratic president, Wood row WVil
son. I wish to urge upon all Democrats
to go tothe polls and vote on Not e m
Richard S. Whalev.
Missionary Program for Week of Prayer.
Sunday, November 4-Missionary Ser
mon by Dr. Duncan.
Tuesday, November 6, 4 P. M.-Leader,
Mrs. G. M. Smith. "The Unselfish
Way." Mark VIII, 34. Religious
Needs of Latin America, Mrs. J. H.
Rigby.. Hymn. Religions of L-atin
American Countries, Mrs. Joe Davis.
Music. Prayer for Missionaries in
Latin America. Hymu.
Wednesday-Leader, Mrs. WV. 13. Dun
can- Social Needs of Latin A merica
"The Heroic Way," Acts VI, 15.
Hymn. Position of Women in Latin I
America, Mrs. Coffey. Music. The t1
Settlement Our Opportuuity. Mrs. J. I'
WV. Rigby. Praver for Work and t
Workers Among~ Orientals. Hymn. <
Thurs~ '-y- Leader, Mrs. Bigbee.s
"The Fruitful Way." Ex. V, 14. Ed-s
ueation in Latin America, Mrs. T.a
M. Mouzon. Music. The Schooli
Our Opportunity Among Latin Am- s
ericans, Mrs. R. D Cothran. Prayer.')
F'riday-Our Objections, Leader, Mrs.d
J. D.. Gerald. "The Conquering
Xa,'' Heb. XII, 2; Ex. V. 14. Hymn
Sebcool in Rio, Mrs. J. B. Cantay.
uaraay-SLiet Hour of Meditation
anW ragvThoiight, Responsibility.)
Santee Cypress Lumbet Co. Will Co-operate.
Oct6ber 28, 1816.
Manning Times, Manning, S. C.
Mr. J. H. King of St. Paul. sent us a
!opy of clipping in your paper, report
ing a trip by your editor and friends
across Santee Swamp to the river with
a view of locating a highway and ferry.
I do not know what plans are being
ormulated in your county for such
highway, but I rather feel that t'ie
people on this side of the river would
be very glad to have some means of
communicaticn by ferry and road
across the swamp. The road from
Charleston by way of Moncks Corner
to Columbia is now being greatly im
proved and widened with a view of
having it adopted as a natioral high
wav. This road runs within a few miles
of Ferguson and from Ferguson out to
the road is a very good public high
way. We own a steel bridge very sob
stantially built. across Santee rive:
with a seventy foot opening draw, that
I am satisfied our people would be wil
ling to sell to the two counties inter
ested, taking a small cash payment
down and the balance in county bonds
if neces-ary, and also feel that I can
get them to donate the right-of-way
gratuitously acro:s the swamp to the
bridge, reserving. however, to them
selves certain rights to cross this high
way with railroads, float roads, wagon
roads, and such other ways as may be
expedient or necessary to themselves
or their successors for logging the tim
ber on the swamp lands, and- with the
further understanding that the right
of- way for highway across the swamp
is to remain public property so long as
it is used for this purpose, but the
easement to be null and void in the
event they abandon it for a period of
two or three years. If you could put us
in communication with the p roper
uarty who has this matter in charge. I
wvould appreciate it very much and
would.ilike you to turn this letter over
Yours very truly,
Santee River Cypress Lumber Co.
Papers Forced to Raise Price for Advertising.
Columbia. Oct. 29.-Special: The
South Ca-lina Press Associntion at a
meeting hemcl in Columbia Friday morn
ing, October 27, decided to issue the
following statement: "To the Advertis
ing Patrons and Readers of Newspa
prs in Soutq Carolina:"
The Press Association of this State
wishes to bring to the attention of the
advertising patrons, readers and friends
of the press, the serious situation con
fronting the publishers at this time,
and point out some facts that we feel
shou:d be cmmunicated to you in 'our
attempt to meet conditions that; have
been thrust up:on us. We do this after
giving the matter careful consideration
and finding ourselves po.verless at this
time to take any other steps whereby
the newspapers may be continued and
feeling that we are aciing bath for the
good of the patrous and the publishers
of the papers.
r Newspaper in the past eight months
has advanced from S48 a ton until at
the present time it is quoted at $130
a ton, and almost obtainable at that
price,. some wholesale paper houses
having none to offer at all and some of
the mills refusing to take on any new
contracts. There may be slight excuse
or ample excuse for the advance in
prices on us, but the fact' remains that
we are paying from 50 to 500 pr: cent
more for paper stock, inks, metal, type,
and other things that are used in - the
bublishing business than we were eight
months ago. The only thing that will
save the newspapers of South Carolina
is an advance of advertising, and sub
uription rates. Some of the larger
dailies have already made a Ivances in
6>th. T~he s til dailies an I weeklies
will to do iikewise or go out of busi
We ask you la the interest of a free
press, and the best interests of your
self, community an]i s-.ate a-t large to
co-operate in every manner possible.
Paper makers insist that there mnust
be a curtailment of the demand on
them: that they are working three
shifts'a day, and] at this season, of the
year, when they should bi accumulat
ng a reserve stock.. that they. cannot.
suoply the demand. Large publishers
are trying to meet the suggestion of
the. paper makers by cutting down
their .paoers and economizing, and the
commission appointed by congress,
after investigating the situation, are
alarmed, but so far have been unable
to oifer any suggestion that will in any
wav relieve the ma,.ter. Small pub
lishers have no opportunity to econom
ize as they only buy just what they
are obliged to use, and under the ex
isting conditions few can etist Ipag
without a readjustment. Many of the
weaker ones cannot survive long unless
they find some immediate remedC; that
the only remedy at this time is an ad
vance in.the rates of both' advertising
and subscri ptions. No matter how much
a publisher may dislike to p. this, it is
is only salvation if he continues in
business and continues to be of service
to his advertising patrons ifad subscrib
We have confidence in the patrons of
he various papers throughout South
Carolina and believe that they will
tand by'-them and co operate in any
manner possib'e to keep them going
unti] there can be a readjustment. And
in conclusion we call on all persons
who believe in the .mission of a free'
press to co-operate with us in ad justing
ar business to those new and unhead
>f conditions so that we can continue
o serve you.
South Carolin.a Pressing Association.
The BOOl Weevil is Here-Prepare to Meet
Mr Editor:-i would like to invite
he public in general, and the farmers
an prtclr through your paper to
ue-m in Trinity A. M. E. churceb,
Ianuius, S. C., Friday. November
%d, at 3:30 o'clock, that I might tell
~hem something of the bool weevil and
ow to prepare to meet him.
I have had four years of experience
n states where this pest has destroyed
housands of farms of cotton. I would
ike to have a face to face talk with
you on this subject. I shall not deal
,vith theory, but with plain facts. If
you are yooir and are interested in
~arming yeu had better come, for the
veevil will make you poorer; if you
tre rich you you ha~d better .come, for
:he weevil has made many a rich man
I feel as a citizen of Clarendon that
[ owe it to you to tell you how- this
veevi: destroys your crop in order that
ou ibght be prepared to help yourself
vhen he gets here. I have seen two in
own this fall.
This call should appeal to every
armer in the conuty. 1t is not going to
urt you to come. I think it will do
ou good. May I expect your- presenceY
Very truly you.ts,
A WV. Timmons
Rheumatism Follows Exposure.
In tihe rain all day is generally *fol
owed by uainful twinges of rheuma
ism. or~ neuralgia. Sloan's Liniment
vill give you quick relief and preeont
he twinges from bdcoming.torture ia
uickly penetrates without rubbing :tad
oothes the sore and aching joints. For
ore, stiff, exhausted muscles that ache
nd throb from overwork, Sloan's Lin
met affords quick relief. Bruises,
prans, strains, and other minor in
uries to children are quickly soothed
'y Sloan's Liniment. Get a bottle to
ay at your druggists, 25c.
)rives Out Malaria, Builds U~se
'he Old Standard 'general strengtiening tonic,
;ROV'S TASTELESS chill TO1RIC. drives out
talara,enichesthe blood.anbidsup the sys
em. Atruetonie. For aults iachiien. 50c.
Rice-Huller--I have installed an up
to-date and latest improved Rice
Huller at my home at Panola, and will
be ready for business on -the 15th.
Rice must be clean and dry to get
proper results. W.. R.- Davis.
A new. Building & L oan Company is
being organized to runabout 64 months
Shares are One Dollar per share per
month. Those desiring stock 'address
Clarendon Building & Loan Company,
Manning, S. C.
I have on my Lespedeza Farm at
Bloomville. ten nice half blood Duroc
Jersey Gilts that have been bred to my
full blood registered Dairoc Jersey
Boar, they will farrow soon, that I am
offering to sell cheap. Also two lieg
istered Boars that are ready for ser
vice, that I will sell, well worth the
money. Come and see them. F. C.
Thomas. Manning. S. C.
A Car of fine Mules expected Thurs
day. Coffey &-Rigby.
Car of Texas Red Rust Proof Seed
Oats just received from. Galveston,
Texas. Call before buying. Rich
ardson & Epperson, Pinewood.
Pine-Tar Relives A Cold.
Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey contains
all the soothing elements of pine forest
It heals the irritated membrane, and
by its antiseptic properties loosens the
phlegm, you breathe easier, and what
promised to be a severe cold has been
broken up. For that stuffed-up feeling,
tight chest or sore throat take a dose of
Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey and-prevent
a wearing, hackin2 cough dragging
through the winter. At yout' Druggist,
His Day's Outing
Hunting Trip On a Wet
Day Brings Painful
Once upon a time Charles Mullen, of
Philadelphia, went gunntog. It was a
dismal rainy day, and long exposure
to cold and wet brought on a severe
attack of rheumatism. - He was con
fined to his home:
A friend recommended Sloan's Lini
ment, citing his own, case as evidence
of its affec'.iveness. Mullen bought a
bottle and :applied it t-> his acbing
limbs. Soon improvement was-noticqd
and he was able to return to business.
Mr. Mullen writes: "Since that ex
perience I have never been without
Sloan's Liniment in the - medicine
chest." You will tind it soothes, bruises
sprains, toothache and relives lame
back, neuralgia, in fact all external
pains. At all druggists, 25c. 50.. and
$1.00 a bottle.
In The issrict Conrr of- Trhe United
States, For T,.e Eastern District of
South Carolina.-In Bankruptcy.
In 1Ee Estate of L. Goldiner, -Bankrupt.
Pursuant to an Order of Honoratble
R. J. Kirk, Referee in Bank~ruptcy, to
me directed, I will sell at publbe auc
tion to the highest bidder,'for cash, on
Frid-ay, November 3rd, 1916, at elenn
o'clock A. M., all of the stock of goods
in the store of the said L.~- Goldinpr,
located at Turbeville, South Carolina.
This sale will take place in front, of the
sore -of L. Go'diner at Turbeville,
Pursuant ~to the said. Order I will
1tlso sell at public auction.'to the high
est bi:dder, for cash, on Novemnber 3rd,
1916, at 1 o'clock P. M., all of the steek
of goods in the stor~e of L. Goldinerr~at,
at New 4ion, South Carolina. This sale
will takce place in front of his store .a
New Zion, South Carolina.
These stocks of gools are compara
tively uew and in good condition.
H. I. ELLERBE,
-Eve examinition as made bv' us are
along modern, scienti fic lmies. Inst-ru -
meats for making intelligent. test is1
provided -in our equipment.
will receive every attention necessatry
in bringing their dlefe.cts to our ob-ser
vatton and after ascertaining the
trouble you will- be provided wvith
glasses that will give you permanent
Broken. glasses duplicated, and
frames repaired by mail at reasonable
Office Days, Saturdays and Mondays.
Rooms 5-6, Bank of Sumter Building,
DR. I. M. ISRAELSON,
SUMTER. S. C.
Changing Seasons BrIng Colds
"Stuffed up head," clogged-up npse,
tight chest, sore threat are sure srgos5
of colds, and Dr. King's New Discovery
is sure relief. A dose of this combina
tion of antiseptic balsams soothes -the
irriatep membrane, clears the head,
loosens the phlegm, you breathe easier
and realize your' cold is' broken up.
Treat a cold persistently, half-way
measures leave a lingering cough.
Take Dr. King's New Discovery until
vour cold is gone. For 47 years the
favorite remedy fo~r young and old. At
your Druggist. 50c.
Dissolve .twelve. parts ,of sandarac
six parts of shellac, six parts of mastic
three parts of elemi gum in one hun
dred- and fifty pai'ts of alcohol; warm
whe lved and add six parts 03
~e Tturpentine. . Color to match the
old 'varnish with -Brazil wood and
dragon's blood sum. -
F'or Infants and Children
In Us. For' Over 30Years
Signature of . t((4
Kiel and Sigez Canals.
The Kiel canal, which is just over
S miles in.length, is the second long
est ship canal in the world.. The long
at Is..the Suez
CLARENDON COUNTY FAIR QUEEN.
The following young ladies have been chosen
by the people from their respective districts to
enter the grand Contest for Queen of Clareudon
District No 1........... ..Miss Pearl Wheeler
District No. 2.............Miss Mamie Hintson
District No. 3.............. Miss Augusta Appelt
E trict No. 4 ....... .......... Miss Jadie Land
>trict No. 3... ..........Miss Corinne Davis
District No. 6 ... ........... Miss Leila Corbett
District No, 7.. .. .......... Miss My rtle Allen
District No. 8.... ...........M gie Bar wick
RULES OF GRA.MD CONTEST.
All votes must be in by ten o'clock Thursday
night, November 16th, 1916.
The young lady receiving largest number of
votes will be declared Queen of Clarendon County
Fair, and will be crowned 12 o'clock Friday on
court house square. She will be presented with a
beautiful gold wrist watch. The two young ladies
receiving the next higlist votes will be dclarcd
her maids. The Queen and her miitids will be
given passes to the iair rounds and all auractions
HOW TO VOTE FOR YOUR CHOICE.
All votes will sell ten for e cent Fill out
the blank below, enciose same in an envelope wiIth
money and mail direct to Chairn tn of Contest and
drop in box at voting station. T.ie receipts from
this contest'will go to Clarendon County Fiir As
S. L. Huggins, Chairman
Manning. S. C.
Enclosed N ou will find 5 .... .. ..fr votes
for Miss.... ........................
IN THE FQOD.
With every thing in our lir~e h r' ng the~ ski its a~ plea'.ure to ear l
attention to a few thireu that a'~ tI! ont at re sa-:.:h1e pries:, not
because they haveo'r. advane i~.o, bu:. ia:he~r on ace.mut of early for
Lunate purchases, we are abye' to ikssa alona;; oa: n- mod lue', to y ou.
Corn. worth lie from parkers in lts. imor.-, our p:-ca..ean .... ......0e
Stt ing Beans, worth 1 from pa:cker\ in lt im w ~, our pri, can 10.:
Tomatoes. worth 13/from packers itt ltim .* . our price. ein..2 1-2
-Peanut Butter, w 't1. 25.: in Jar-:. ou' - i l . :--u d. ..... .. ......20c
Graham Fiour, /orth 65c and $] 25 tier A :k,. ur :riec....6.: an~d $1 15
Apples, wor1 2c from packers. our pic.-.\-. ;.......... 10
Baked Befworth 18e: from packers. uiur ji--e. can ..... ....... 5
Ocean W~fiting Fish--h ei.ess-t. airriv.: '. .\ w ..k, p-m ail...6 3-4c
Oatme l'in bulk-saves 35 per cent cov. r .m;icka es. 4 oounds...25c
* Roaste~d Cofrees -25c value 18.:; 30e: v:lue 22:: 3ide value ........... 25c
TEMANNING GROCERY 00,
WILLIAMSBURG COUNTY FAIR.
Roud TipFars ~':in Kingstree. S. C.
Tickets will be sold to Kingstree as above by the
Atlantic Coast Line,
Thuii Standard Railroad of the South.
November 8. 9, 10 and 11.
Limited returning until midnight of Sauday. November
Proportionate Rates from In termedilate Points.
Children Half Fare.
For further particulars, schedules, etc , call on
H. D. CLARK, Ticket Agent.
Manning, S. C.
oper-:r-. . ..uht.Heavy Juvenile Mortality.
The physician ca.:not eure the Dody Russian Peasant women have, on an
hile the mind is i.1 at ease average, from six to twelve children,
--. -.-. of whom about half survive.
A Clogged System Must Be Cleared ___
You will tind Dr. King's New Life: Her Son Subject to Croupe.
ills a gentle yet effective lax itie for
moving impurities from the system "My son Edwiu is subjee:t to eroup,
ccumulated waste poisons the blood, writes Mles. E 0. Irwin. Ne w Kensinir
zziness, biliousnes and pimply. muddy ton, Pa. '' put in many sleepless hours
impexion are the distressing effects Iat night before I learned of Chamber
dose of Dr. King's New Life Pills lai-n's C'ouab Remedy. Mothers need
-night will assure you a free, full 'not fear this disease if they keep a bot
bwel movement in che morning. At tle of Chamberlain's Cough Remedy in
mor Druggists, 25c. Ithe house and use it as directed. It al
way.s gave my boy relief." Obtainable
Sutterer from Indigestian Relieved. -eeywee
"Before taking Chamberlain's Tab
ets my husband -suffered for several D'o aeSu tmce
ars from indigestion, causing him to Do-uDv ou tmce
bae pains in the stomach and- distress~ If you'are troubled with sour stomach&
ter eating. Chamberlain'sTablets re. yod should eat slowlyl and masticate
Lved him of these spells riih awvay,'.' your food -thoroughly, .then take one
rites. Mrs. Thomas Casey, .'reneva; of Chamberlain's Tables. anlediatly
-v Y .abl ever...,. . - afte uen. tainabte evervlwhere.,
S NARE'S LESSON
L; Ive SAO
'THE L OGICA
Nature's order is: 1, the soil; 2, the
plant; 3, th animal; 4, -man.
If this order be interferred with in
,agrieultural practice one or more of
the four will suffer.
The most important element of plant
food 's nitrogen. Nature has an ocean
of this valuable material in the air
which is probably the original source
of all nitrogen and if hot continually
returned to the soil by natural meth
ods, will soon 'leave the soil almost
Nature when permitted, grows thou
sands of legumes, the only natural
means of collecting and stowing it in
the soil, and unless as great an acre
age be grown annually of these soil
building plants as of the soil robbing
crops usually produced by farmers.
the soil becomes poor in i.trogen and
refuses to produce profitable 'elds.
To supply this element of plant food
by purchasing It, costs about one-half
our fertilizer expense and makes our
crops too costly.
Velvet beans. soy beans and cow
peas in summer, and vetch and clover
Ir. winter may be made to supply all
of this element any farmer needs to
g'ow cotton, corn, grain or any of the
other soil robbing crops. Nature can
not use her 6,000 legumes naturally for
this purpose where land is planted to
cotton, corn, etc., from year to year.
We must therefore help nature to help
us by planting these everywhere pos
sible. This means a rich, productive
soil which is the first necessity in
Rotation of Crops.
No one-crop system has ever or will
ever support live-stock and make a
prosperous nation in a country similar
to ours. The rotation must be so bal
anced as to keep the soil well filled
with humus and to supply individual
and foreign needs; otherwise, supply
and demand will levy a ruinous pen
alty that no nation can stand.
We must, therefore, as nearly as
possible, produce all foods and leeds
needed In South Carolina and then
produce sufficient cotton to supply the
demand at a profit to the farmer,
whose success is a fore-runner of all
success in a final analysis. Our ex
penditures of $75,000,000 annually for
foods and feed stuffs alone, together
with about $30,000,000 for commercial
fertilizers (1-2 of which might be se
cured through the legumes) is exceed
ing $35,000,000 anbually South Caro
lna's income for cotton. This is
ruinous and has helped to reduce our
farm owneship within a few -decades
from 45 per cent to 85 per cent of our
Live Stock Industry.
No country with poor soils and cost
\y production has ever fully succeded
P~sQer So flflw a
C/ever P/ew.1 uni
Petat-es~ Rfer i5pt
8 Tons ,5#,b/e 7
fltde,9s fl/7er No 1ie.
Milk should be strained through at
least two thicknesses of clean cheese -
cloth. There is no better sti'ainer than
this. However, there is a danger in
straining milk, and that Is that the*
milker my get the idea that strain
ing purifles milk and thus become
mor6 c.u'eless in his milking. Strain
ing removes ouiy the visible and,
least injurious dirt from mailk. The
Round Tr-ip Fare Fro
Tickets will be sold to Al
Tthe Standard Rair<
Limited returning until midnig
Proportionate Fares froaf
I with livestock. Those countries.which
have made livestock a -part of farm
economy, have either startd with rich
soils or built their soils largely by a
system of farming with legumes in
crop rotation in connection there
Livestock maintained on this bask
not only becomes a profitable Indus
try, but becomes a soil conserving and-,
soil building practice as well. When
fed legumes, livestock becomes a
soil building industry. When fed non
legumes, they are soil conservers
only. Livestock, therefore, must be
based on soil building - by natural
methods as was ordained from the
foundation of the world; for, live
stock cannot be expected to 'retain -
to the soil more than 75 per cent of
the fertility fed into them and if that
be fed in the form of non-legume pro
ducts produced alone, it can dearly
be seen that more fertility leaves
than returns to the land each year.
No agricultural country like ours
has ever succeeded without a soil
building, soil conserving system of.:
farming as is attested by the history,
of nation after nation which bave
failed largely as a result of neglecting '
t: observe the order of practice here
Roman farmers were' advised by?
Columellus, Varro and Cato, to sor
and turn town vetch, clover -and th
lentils for the enrichment -pf .their
soils which had been rendefed- '
and unproductive by soil robbing
through the production of the -non
leguminous crops, even where- tibi-=
lands were deeply plowed and t:'r- .
oughly tilled as probably no otier
lands ever were before or since. -"hii
advice was unheeded until conditions
In Rome became unbearable for .want
South Carolina's future must- ~
based on soil building and ecendpoe
production or the bistory of past fal'
len nations will' be repeated.
The South Carolina massesa
growing poorer and the rich are t
least gro'wing no richer, but must
sventually lose their holdings' If this
condition is continued to the point of
accuteness. When we have chaneli
to nature's order as herein presented
we shall save:
On feeds and foods, an
On commercial fertilizers.. 20,00
On .11ev stock production.. 5,005000
On cotton production...6000004
On these four Items alone, we satk
realize $160,000,000 annually .au~di
prosperity will follow as light follows
the sun. W. H. BARTON, 7
Ass't State Agent, Exetension Work
zo;e~ Br. Cr
L1157t l8&a. Ar #ee,
The road to a small community Is
one of the most important -factors In
speeding or retarding Its growth, as
the case may be. A road is away to
market and from market and It Is to,
a town's interest to make It as easy.
as pes"Ae for farmers of the coun
tryside to get to and from market
rvar this road.
lanta as abov.e by the
ad of the South,
13 and 1 .. K