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HON. i. H. L[SESNE FAYOlR8 11
HOLDING Of BIENNIAL SES$IONS
To the editor of the 'News and Cou- the Legislature at this time. I do
rier: I have read carefully and with not see wherein the question of more
interest your editorial in your paper new settlers in South Carolina has
today in regard 'to biennial sessions anything to do with the case. I have
of the Legislature based. upon the given this question a great deal of
views of Mr: Dial of Laurens Coun- thought. So far as the Democratic
ty. There is one general proposi- primary is concerned' I have been
tion upon which I think you and Mr. elected to the House of Representa
Dial are both corect, and that is that tives from Clarendon County, and ex
a majority of the people of the State pect to be elected in the general elec
are in favor of biennial sessions of tion next Tuesday. In the campaign
New Store New Goods
*Iis the Neer Town on the1J
road, One Mile South of
Is the New Store on the
and.Sardinia Road a
This store was opened in May with a new stock
* everythinci marked in plain figures. As 'I
Price that must be the. Right I
Satisfaction Guaranteed, Your Money
-Highest Market Prices paid for Eggs and Chickens.
Bring or send us your Eggs and Chickens. You car
We take all you bring and 'pay you the moneyv: thenx sei
can. We seli for cash, therefore have no losses on ti
ables us to undersell any store cairying long accounts.
We sell Rice, Grits, Meal, Beans, Peas. etc.. by the y
quart or peck. Try this system and weigh what you be
of the fact that 8 liquid quarts of Grits will not weigh ti
there are "Storekeepers" who se]] e such quarts for a i
the fact that it takes 12 pounds to fill a peck measure.
We solicit your patronage and will give you a square dE
GABLE, S. C.
lately had I favored bienial sesions,
conditionally, the Constitution of the
State intervening as the basis of the
conditions. I note in your editorial
you write as follows:
"We learn from Mr. Dial that Sen
ator Nickles, of Abbeville, expects to
press a biennial sessions bill in the
Senate this winter and that Senator
Wharton, of Laurens, one of the new
Senators, is heartily in favor of such
a measure. We are sure that if a
bill, carefuly drawn, is introduced
early in the sesion and vigorously
pushed its pasage cannot be prevent
ed. Bienial sessions cannot be de
feated on a direct vote. Its oponents
have always been compelled to rely
upon obstruction and evasion."
Now I take it that both Senator.
Nickels and Senator Wharton, who
are quoted as being, in favor of bien
nial sesions, and aiso Mr. Dial and
yourself, who favor the proposition,
have gone further into the question
than to conclude that the hange from
anual to bienniel sessions is a mere
mere matter of enactment of the Leg
islature at one of its sessions. The
Legislature itself, as we all know,.
was created by the Constitution .of
the State, and at present- we are gov
erned by the Constitution, which was
framed in 1895. You will recall that
the constitutional convention which
met in 1895 postponed the regular
sesion of the General Assembly,
which was to have convened that
year, charged the time of meeting
from November to. January, and in
section 9 of Article III said this:
"The first session of the General As
sembly elected 'under - this Constitu
tion shall convene in Columbia on.the
second Tuesday in January ' in the
year 1897, and ythereafter annually at
the same time and place." So that
one fact is clear, that being that the
Constitution will have to be changed
in order to have biennial instead of
annual sesisons; and you will pardon
me for suggesting' that the people
should be informed on this question
and their minds should be disabused
of the common prevailing idea that
the change can be made by mere leg
Now, what about the method of
making the change ? We find in ar
ticle XVI, of the Constitution, relat
in to changes of the same, that a
bill will have to be introduced pro
posing to submit the change to a
general election of the votes in each
house before it is submitted to the
voters in a general election; that
when it is voted on and the people
in a general election endorse the
of Merchandise and
here isbut One
Back if Wanted
not "oversto.k" us.
you somnething if we
iat score, which en
ound instead of the
y. Are you aware
n pounds? and thlat
Mrs. Jay McGee, of Steph
enville, Texas, writes: "For
nine (9) years, I suffered with
womanly trouble. I had ter
rible headaches, and pains in
my back, etc. It seemed as if
I would die, I suffered so. At
last, 1 decided to try Cardui,
the woman's tonic, and it
helped me right away. The
full treatment nor only helped
me, but it cured me."
The Woman's Tonic
Cardui helps women in time
of greatest need, because it
contains ingredients which act
specifically, yet gently, on the
weakened womanly organs.
So, if .you feel discouraged,
blue, out-of-sorts. unable to
do your household work, on
account of your condition, stop
worrying and give Cardui a
trial. It has helped thousands.
of women -why not - you ?
Try Cardui. E4-1
change, the matter comes back to
the General Assembly again for rat
ification. So that granting that Sen
ator Nickles and Senator Wharten
shall press, and succeed in passing,
their proposed bill, the\ matter will
then go before the people in 1918 for
endorsement, and will have to then
come back to the Legislature, not
earlier than .anuary, 1919, for rati
fication, and the biennial session pro
position certainly cannot go into ef
fect earlier than with the members
of the General Assembly who shall
be elected in 1920.
The Constitution of the State is
our fundamental law, and we can
not change it except in the manner
prescribed by the instrument itself.
Speaking frankly with you, I want
bienial sesions of the Legislature, al
though I have never thought that
the annual convening of the body
created halt the evil that is com
monly ascribed to- it, nor that the
expense of a _ession was near as
terrible, in comparison. with some
other extravagances that the State
is indulging in.
But this brings me to the main
point in my entire article a question
which I really want enlightenment
on, and one which I hope you will
give thought to and discuss in a lib
eral manner at intervals from now
until the time of the convening of
the Legislature. Will a mere change
f the word "annual" to "biennial"
In -other words, when our Consti
ution was framed in 1895 the whole
scheme of thought in the minds of
CHAR LESTON, S.C.
From Weak and Lame
STo Well and Strong
Try them. Foley Kidney Pills will
de for other men and women-qiuick
ly-what they have done for Mrs.
Stas' year, I got almost down with
my ba :k," writes Mrs. H. T. Straynge
~f Ga~ 1esvllle, Ga., R. No. 3. "I suf
ined 'rom Inflammation of the blad
Ier. :.. I whenever I stopped doctorir=g
-rew worse. I tried Foley Kidney
rs end after taking them awhile
ly ble Ider action became regular and
trinsensation disappeared ve
en f. r several years, and since get
ng v: 1l, I've stayed well and had
o re:Lm of the trouble."
Start In now to use Foley Kidney
misi. You will feel an improvement
:om t te very first doses, showing
ow qtuckly they act on kidneys and
ladder. They stop Irregular urinary
-tir-n, .ase pain in back and sides,
umsbT t stif jonts and aching mus
der In :aund, healthy condition. Try
Dnckn' Drug Store.
Lax-Fos, A Mild, Effective Laxative & Liver Tonic
Does Not Gripe nor Disturb the Stomach.
In addition to other properties, Lax-Fos
contains Cascara in acceptable form, a
acts effectively and does not gripe nor
disturb stomach. At the same time, it aids
digestion,arouses the liver andse.retions
and restores the healthy functions. 50c.
its framers was that the General As
sembly should meet once every year.
The whole scheme of taxation, for
raising money to defray the expense
of the State government, and for
raising money to defray the expenses
of county governments, was based
upon the idea of anual sesions of
the General Asembly, and that the
Legislature alone, has the power tq
levy these taxes. The whole scheme
4" the terms of office of the judges:
of the State, college rustees, and
many other maters, are based upon
the idea of annual sessions of the
Legislature. If you simply cut the
Gordian knot by changing the word
"annual" to "biennial," and leave the
matter there, then what's going to
be the effect of it, and how much
turmoil and litigation will we have
as the General Asembly could, esti
mate the ordinary expenses of the
State government for two years, and
that the county governments would
get alopg better by having .1cal
boards to levy the taxes within the
respective counties to defray ordi
nary county expenses, instead of
county taxes being levied by the
county delegations, which is now in
effect the case, but how are you go
ing to do all this under the pres
Now you will prehaps say Mr. Ed
itor, that I have raised a lot of ques
tions, and offered no remedy. Very
welL Everybody knows that. when
the constitutional convention was
held in 1895, it was shortly after the
great reform revolution of 1890 -and
1891, and while there were a great
many good and conservative men in
that convention, men from both po
litical factions, yet there was a
great deal of stir and confusion, and
some bitterness in that convention.
The State had not settled from the
revolution through which it had just
pased, and the time- was not pro
pitious for framing a fundamental
set of governmental principles and
leaving the matter at that. Instead
of doing that the convention under
took to descend into matters of de
tail legislation, which should be left
for the Legislature to do, and we
all know the result. Can adybody
tell me how many times the present
Constitution has been amended since
1895? Why that one matter of "Spe
cial Laws Prohibited," in section 34
of Article III, in regard to a dozen
or mores subjects has been the cause
of many amendments already, and
a nightmare to all the lawyers in the
State and all the cities and muni
cipalities. The Constitution has al
ready' been emasculated by so many
amendments that one can hardly tell
what is constiutional and what is
not, and I aspect that on next Tues
day we ~ ill be voting on more
amendments to the Constitution to
allow some village to issue bonds to
pave a street.
The Constitution of 1895 accom
plished the main purpose which im
pelled the calling of the convention,
that being the elimination of the ne
gro vote. Give praise to the genius
of B. R. Tillman and D. S. Hender
son, but beyond that the document
was no great improvement, over the
old document of 1868.
Biennial sessions of the Legisla
tre were not popular in 1895. I
am told that in New York State-'the
constitutional convention convenes
automatically every twenty years to
make such changes as rare necessary.
Our Constitution has been in force
now about twenty-one years, and in
that time has been much amended
and emasculated. The cost of a con
stitutional convention will be. very
little if any more than the cost of
a sesion of the Legislature, and the
convention could eliminate one ses,
sion, like it did the session of 1896.
It looks to me, Mr. Editor, that
since biennial sessions are practically
sure to come in a few years, (be
cause I -think the masses are thor
oughly in favor of the idea), that it
would certainly be better, and' save
much confusion and litigation in the
coming years, for the people of the
State to assemble in convention and
fix the document properly, and meet
some of the growing demands of the
masses. But conservative and think
ing men cannot afford to fall into
popular fads of government and,
thoughtless waves of sentiment like
women voting and changing the fun
damental law of the State without
looking to the results th'at will fol-'
low.-News and Courier.
J. H. Lesesne.
Manning, S. C., November 1, 1916.
Suiterer from Indigestion Relieved.
"Before taking Chamberlain's Tab
lets my husband suffered for several
years from indigestion, causing him to
bave pains in the stomach and distress
after eating. Chamberlain's Tablets re
lieved him of these spells right away,"
writes .\rs. Thomas Casey, Geneva,
Y. Otaitnable eerywhere.
W.C. DAVIS. J. W. WIEMA
DAVIS & WDEMAN,
ATTORNE YS AT LAW
MANN .NG. S. C.
DURANT & 'ELLERBE.
ATTORNm S AT LAW,.
MANE ING. S. C.
JOHN G. DINKINS,
ATTOLNEY AT LAw.
Manning, S. C~
Office in Old Court House.
C. -H. LESESNE,
ATTORNEY. AT LAW
MANN ING. S. C
a. o. PURDY. S. OLIVEZa e0B.
PURDY & O'BRYAN, .
Attorneys ounselors at Law
R. J. A. CELEL+', * r
Upstairs over We' aberc's Corner if
MANN} NG, S..C.
Phone No 77.
C. . EDWARIS 11 U BRM
EDWARDS & PERRTT
Q ce OverBank ef-Marnd
G.* T. F16o J
SURVEYOR at CiVIL ENG f
Office over B nscbmann s Store
LONS. "IM.- a~
On First-Class Rea- Esit
ATTORNEYS AT LW,
Whenee You Need a Gleneral Tonic
The Old StanCard .Grove's Tas .r,
chill Tonic is equally valuable as
General Tonic because it contains th,
and IRON. It arts on the Liver, Dlrives.
out Malaria, Erriches the; Blood and -
Builds up the Wol:e System. 'eentse
O T S c s 4n
go Ivonhae o, anlow ycou cnt e
line for success by opeoiofooe with
Home Bal~ka ii Trust C
RUB (JUT PAIN
with good c liniment. Thats s
the surest v. ey to stop them.
The best r.. biing liniment isJ
rHGood fo: the Aiments of 1
Horses, Mal1es, Cattle, Etc.
Good for yjour own A chesI
Pains, Rhenatism, Spraini, I
Cuts, Burns, Etc. J
25c. 50c. $1. At all Deale:s.
Is tobedroead :1. It leads to serion
eilments, FeI :r. Indidestion, l'iles.
Sick Headach 2,Poisoned System and .
a score o.4 other troubles follow.
Don't let Ce ascipation ISat.
Keep your Kuicsys. Liver and Bowels
healthy and a::ltiv. Rid your system
of fermented. gassy foods.
AUl Drr gists 25 cents
ATrIFAcT )N OR MONEY BACK