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VOL. XXXVII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDNY, FEBRUARY 7, 1917 . N0 6
COUNTRY IS NOW
BING PUT ON A
Congress Speeding Up Work on
Measures to Strengthen
TO BUILD 100 SUBMARINES
Millions to Buy Ammunition for
Merchant Auxiliaries and
Add Shipping to Navy.
Washington, Feb. 6.-Big increases
were added to national defense ap
propriation measures in Congress to
day and plans were made to put
through quickly other provisions re
quested by the 'administration to pre
pare the country for whatever may
follow the break with Germany.
The House, hurrying the annual na
val bill toward completion, wrote in
to it additional appropriations total
ing $15,000,000, of which more than
$5,000,000 is for ammunition for mer
chant auxiliaries and nearly $2,000,
000 for anti-aircraft guns to defend
naval stations. Three separate addi
tional bills designed to expedite naval
construction and aid in developing
aeronautics were introduced for con
sideration before the end of the week.
In the Senate an executive session
to consider nominations occupied vir
tually the entire day but a bill was
put through increasing the penalties
for making threats against the Presi
dent of the United States and the Re
publicans agreed at an informal con
' ference to support a plan for authori
zation of 100 submarines in addition
to those provided for in the regular
While the House was debating the
naval bill the military committee
brought in the annual army appro
priation measure, acrrying $247,000,
000, and including a provision re
quested by Secretary Baker yesterday
under which the full membership of
the army general staff may be
brought to Washington in emergency
to work on war problems. Among
the largest items for new equipment
are authorizations of $8,000,000 for
aviation, $11,000,000 for equipment
and stores of the reserve' corps and
$5,500,000 for automatic machine
guns for the army and National
Guard. Debate on the bill will begin
late this week.
The annual fortifications bill near
ed completion today when the Senate
approved the conference report em
bodying a provision against purchase
of any supplies at a price 25 per cent
in excess of the cost of manufacture
by the government. The House is
expected to approve the report in a
Progress was made in committees
of both Houses on the new series of
laws dealing with conspiracies
against the United States and in the
interest of foreign governments.
Of the trio of administration bills
presented in the House today to
strengthen the naval army of defense
n the present emergency, the Navy
epartment attaches particular im
ortance to one which wvouldl emp~ower
he President to take into public ser
ice when necessary any manufactur
ing plant which refuses to give pre
cedance to government orders for ves
sels or other wVar material.
To P'urchase Patents.
ftAnother of the bills would author
ize a $150,000,000 bond issue to p~ro
vide funds for i'i-uring quick dleliv
cry of . m' Vessels now unsier een
Sstfaction and a third wvould appro
priate $1,000,000 for government pur
chase of basic aeroplane and seaplane
, Besides raising the anti-aircraft
gun appropriation from $1,000,000 to
$3,800,000 in order to sup~ply three
for each naval station andl the ap
propriation for merchant 'auxiliary
ammunition from $1,500,000 to $7,
68l,000, the House inserted in the bill
aa new item of $1,250,000 for machine
guns for ships of the navy and made
many other increases, including the
* Ordnance andl ordnance stores from
$7,602,000 to $8,488,000; batteries for
~jmerchant-auxiliaries $4,367,000 to $5,
781,000, and ammunition for naval
hips $1,500,000 to $3,500,000.
A provision for federal use of the:
ew comimonweialth dry'dock at Bos
n recommended by the Navy De-1
'OBA CCO S
GERMANS DAMAGE ' 17
SHIPS IN MANILA BAY
Manila, Feb. 5.--An examination
by navy men of the 17 German ships
interned shows that all have been
badly damaged, apparently by this
The ships interned in Manila bay
are the Andalusia, Bochum, Camilla
Rickmers, Carl Diederichsen, Clara
Jebson, Coblenz, Elmshorn, Essingen,
Jihanne, Lyeemore, Mark, Pontong,
Rajah, Sachsen, Sambia, Euevia and
Tubingen. Over 80,000 tonnage is
represented in the 17 vessels.
Liner Chicago Sails.
New York, Feb. 5.-The French
liner Chicago has left Bordeaux for
New York, according to a cablegram
received here tonight. The message
was dated Sunday, 3 a. m.
Pick Up Survivors.
Galveston, Texas, Feb. 5.-The
Norwegian steamer Ageroen arrived
here today from Gibraltar and report
ed she had picked up from boats the
:aptain and 40 mqn of the Japanese
steamer Chinto Maru, sunk by sub
marine shell fire on January 4.
City Threatened by Fire.
Brunswick, Me., Feb. 5.-One whole
block of the business section has been
:lestroyed by fire, which threatened
fully half of the residential section.
Scores were driven from homes in
New York, Feb. 5.-Miss Katherine
Stimson, the 24-year-old aviator sent
a cablegram to the Aero club of
America today from Japan offering
her services to the government in the
3vent of war. She is at present at
3saka, "looping-the-loop" and giving
)ther aerial demonstrations of flying.
Loans U. S. Brass Plant.
Buffalo, Feb. 5.-Expressing the
)elief that the safety of the country
lepends upon the mobilization of
American industry, W. A. Morgan,
president of the Buffalo Copper and
Brass Rolling mill, today wired Pres
dent Wilson, tendering the plant, the
argest brass plant in the world, to
he war and navy departments.
Guarding Panama Canal.
Panama, Feb. 5.-Extra precau
tions are being taken by the United
States military authorities to guard
he Panama canal. Colonel Morrow,
icting governor of the canal zone,
tated today that the canal ports are
)eing blocked at night. All suspicious
>ersons are being kept under surveil
Holland is Aroused.
Amsterdam, Feb. 5.-A U-boat cri
;is between Holland and Germany
eems imminent over the sinking last
Friday of the Dutch steamship Gan
na, boundl from New York to Am
~terdlam. The Dutch government
-harges the vessel was first shelled
mid then sunk by a German subma
Ford Offers liis Plant.
Washington, F'eb. 5.-Henry Ford,
>residlent of the F'ord Motor wvork, of
Detroit, has offered the use of his
'ilant for the dluration of any govern
nental need, wvith the understanding
,hait for the periodl no profit would be
nadle out of his great industry. This
vould men the sacrifice of practi
ally $1,000,000 a month in profits.
Washington, Feb. 5.-All pending
mocial engagements have been can
yelled by President and Mrs. Wilson.
artment, was stricken out on a point
>f ordler. The bill will come up again
'or passage Truesdlay.
Under the terms of the annual
mrmy bill as reported today, $3,000,
)00 for machine guns which ordinari
y wvould not be available until July
t, could be used imimediately. This
neasure carries $600,000 for armoredl
ars; $450,000 for anti-aircraft guns
or the army andl $2,500,000 for arms,
>rdnance and other expenses of civi
ian military taining camps.
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 5, 1917.
Bpth the Senate and the House ad
journed Friday until tomorrow, Tues
day. This gives the members a chance
to spend three days at home. . The
most important things done in the
legislature the past week were that
the Senate killed the proposition to
amend the constitution so as to al
low women to vote, and the House
passed the Richey prohibition bill,
When the Senate killed the woman
suffrage proposition that saved the
House members from the trouble of
voting on it at all. There were about
a half dozen women who hung around
the State house for weeks, trying to
argue to the members that the wo
men of the State were just raging to
have the right of the ballot, while
the modest, proper thinking ladies of
South Carolina were attending to
their affairs at home, not thinking
about it at all. After the Senate
killed the proposition this committee
of women who have been hanging
around the state house sent a very
sarcastic letter to the Senate, which
certainly did not help their cause any.
But that only represents the fanatic
ism of the idea of women suffrage,
which had its origin in the fanatical
State of Kansas.
I voted against the Richey alleged
"airtight" or "bone-dry" prohibition
bill. There was no record vote on
the direct passage of the bill, but
the nearest to a record vote was on
a motion to strike out, which virtu
ally amounted to a vote on the propo
sition, and the vote on this question
was about 28 to seventy odd. This
seventy was made up of the simon
pure prohibitionists, I suspect about
30 to 35 in number, and also a lot
of men who voted for it for political
reasons, out of pure prejudice, say
ing that if they are calling for pro
hibition we will ram something down
their throats that will react and
which they will be sick of, and bring
liquor back into the State, and then
another element who are opposed to
the idea of attempting out and out
prohibition at this time, but thought
it was a popular wave for the time
being and that they had better get
on the band-wagon. So far as I am
concerned I know too much about the
morals of the State and the low kind
of politics which South Carolina is
afflicted with, for me to be caught in
a position of hypocricy by voting for
such a measure as the Richey bill is.
Of course if I honestly belived it
was the best thing to do, I would
have voted for it. But I had men to
tell me that the bill was unwise and
a bad move for the State, and then
they turned around and voted for it.
Of course I know some people will
put me down as an advocate of the
sale and abuse of liquor, but that
does not disconcert me in the least.
It is my honest judgment that the
gallon a month law should be cut
down, and some restrictions put in
the present law against blind tigers,
and then let the thing alone. I know
very little about the beer and wvine
proposition, and~ in fact 1 am no ex
MEXICANS ELATED) OVER
U. S. BREAK WITH GERMANY
El Paso, TVex., Feb. 5.-Elation over
the break betwveen the United States
and Germany is expressedl by both
Villa and Carranzista olleers and
sympathizers here and in northern
The Villastas declare the Unsited
States now will be compelled to close
in their force in Mexican affairs and
permit Villa to proceedl with his cam-.
paign against Carranza unhindered.
T1hey intimate that Villa is not averse
to receiving overtures from Germany
to embarras andl harass the United
States if war dlevelops.
Carranza omicials, while openly ad
nitting their pleasure over the break,
say they wvill obey Carranza's injunc
tion ,for strict neutrality.
Kaiser at Headquarters.
London, Feb. 5.-The kaiser has
just returned to German general
headquarters after a conference with
King Ferdinand, of Bulgaria, at Poes
tyn, says a Router (dispatch from
A msterdam todlay.
at The .Time
lye As Written
Sy Mr. Lesesne
pert, on alcoholic liquors anyhow, but
I' think. I do know something about
the morals of the people of South
Carolina, and I do not think, the time
has 'come when the legislature can
intrqduce a millenial period of mo
rality into the State. Under the
Richey bill the lady who makes a
quart of black-berry wine is liable to
indictment, or the man who has a
half pint of whiskey in his valise,
or in his possession as for that mat
ter, is a vidlator of the law. My
belief is that this kind of drastic
legislation will not be upheld by the
people, that juries will refuse to con
vict, that it will mean an influx of
all kinds of patent medicines con
taining alcohol, and that finally the
State will go back to some form of
liquor selling, and that the final out
come will be that the morals of the
State and the respect for the law
will be set back so that it will take
years to overcome it. I only hope
that the theorits and alleged moralists
may be right, and that I may be
wrong. But there is one thing cer
tain, if the Senate doWt modify that
Richey bill which the house has pass
ed then some of the prohibition ad
vocates in the House who drink every
night are going to be in, as Dr. Woods
used to say, "in a very anomalous
predicament." It is a strange thing
to me how a man can be an ex
preacher and a cigarette fiend, and
then a perfect fanatic on prohibition.
And there are all kinds like that in
the legislature. In fact there is much
human nature in the legislature, as
well as out in the dark corners.
Mr. Mellett's bill to exempt certain
portions of Dauglass township from
the stock law, to require a fence
around the exempted portion, and to
require all persons residing within
the exempted area to fence crops has
passed second reading in the house,
and this means that it will become a
All this war talk about getting into
war with Germany will most likely
have a wholesome effect upon the- idea
of making extravagant appropria
tions this year. If we get into war
with a foreign power we will have
enough troubles with high prices of
all kinds of commodities, and certain
ly it is not a time for the State to
launch into big appropriations and
I wish I could give the people a
more general idea of the many meas
ures which came up in the legislature,
but it is out of the question in a short
weekly letter like this. The session
will last about two weeks longer from
today, and for a man who is trying
to watch and vote against unwise
legislatidn, he should be at his post
all the time. The pay which a mem
ber gets is practically consumed by
his expenses, and you may take it
from me, that the man who will con
sent to leave his business at home
and go to the legislature for the little
he gets, is a patriotic citizen and has
the public welfare at heart; unless,
of course, he is a mere politician and
is working the job for something else.
J. II. Lesesne.
Marconi Offers Stations.
New York, F'eb. 5.-The Marconi
Wireless Telegraph company of
America has offeredi the government
its entire personnel and equipment.
This includes the high-powered sta
tions at Cape Cod, Mass.; Belmar, N.
J1.; Bolinas, Cal; Kakuku, Hawaii, and
sixty other coastal stations.
D). A. R. Mobilizes.
New York, F'eb. 5.--Steps for geni
eral mobilization of 9)5,000 A mericani
women for the service of their coun
try in the eventualities of a national
calamity were taken today by Mrs.
William Cumming Storey, president
general of the D~aughters of the
Malone Makes Denial.
New York, Feb. 5.-Collector of the
Port Dudley Field Malone this after
noon denied that he found a bomb on
the steps of his residence here. Col
lector Malone said that~ ho had no
steps to his house, the entrance being
directly from the street.
s Office ani
New York, Feb. 5.-More than
2,500 men and officers of the interned
German and Austrian vessels in port
here are being transported to Ellis
Island this afternoon. At the island
the interned seamen will face a spe
cial board of inquiry which will es
tablish their status in the eyes of the
There are u0o special federal offi
cers now on duty at Ellis Island -pre
pared for ditty and it is not believed
the interned men will be allowed to
leave the immigrant station until
after the relations between the United
States and Germany are more settled.
FINDS MOST POWERFUL
EXPLOSIVE YET USED
South Bend, Ind., Feb. 5.-A new
explosive said to be more powerful
than any now in use on the European
battlefields- has been discovered by
Rev. Julius A. Nieuland, of the Notre
Dame faculty. He calls it "silver
In making the tests with the sub
stance, Dr. Niewland accidentally
touched off a small portion of the
powder. The apparatus was wrecked
and the experimentor was made tem
porarily (leaf and nearly suffocated
from the gas fumes.
Silver has been used as the basic
element, but as this is too high
priced, Dr. Niewland has been using
mercury as a substitute and states
that it is as. powerful. The discoverer
claims that only one atom of the new
explosive would be required to wreck
*a large building.
Ex-Governor Glenn to Speak.
Ex-Governor Glenn, of North Car
olina, will be in Manning on next
Tuesday night aid will lecture in the
Methodist Church in the interest' of
National Prohibition. Governor Glenn
is one of the great speakers of the
country. and is a National figure.
Standing room should be at a pre
miunm at the Methodist Church when
he speaks on Tuesday at 8 P. M.
Protest From Brazil.
Rio Janeiro, Feb. 5.-Brazil has
drawn up a note of protest against
Gernany's submarine declarations
and a special meeting of the cabinet
has been summoned to ratify it.
Home and Farm Demonstration
We are planning to hold a series of
meetings at the various schools of
the County, visiting three or four a
At these meetings Mr. C. A. Mc
Faddin, District. Agent, will talk on
gardens, peanuts, soy beans, relative
to the boll weevil.
Mr. P. II. Senn,. our new Farm
Demonstration Agent, will tell of
what he intends to do in the County,
the Corn and the Pig Clubs, etc.
Supt. E. J. Browne will take up
Agriculture in the schools and co
operation of schools with Home and
Fanrm Demonstration Forces.
I wish to talk on the Canning,
Bread, Poultry, and Home Demon
Every one is cordlially invited andl
we hope that all who can wvill attend.
We want to make this year the best
in the history of our wvork but we
cannot dto it without cooperation.
Hlowever, wve feel confident that every
one interested in the welfare of the
county will be glad to cooperate.
The following is the scherdule for
Tuesday, February 13th.
Trinity School at 9 a. m.
D~uRant School at 11:30 a. mn.
Sardinia School at 2 p. mn.
Wednesday, February 14th.
Newv Zion School at 10 a. mn.
Hicks School at 12 mn.
Trurbeville School a4 2 p. mn.
Thursday, February 15th,
Jordan School at 9 a. mn.
Davis Station School at 11 a. mn.
Oak Grove School at 1 p. in.
Summnerton School at 2 p. mn.
Friday, February 16th.
Big Branch School at 9 a. mn.
Paxville School at 11 a. m.
Pine wood School att 1:30 p. in.
Katherine M. Richardson,
County Home Demonstration Agent.
THE RICHEY BONE-DRY
House -Votes to Recommit Air-Tight
Bone-Dry Prohibition Measure
46 to 44
CAUSE GREAT SURPRISE
"Drys" Stunned by Reversal of
Three-to-One Majority for. Ill
Columbia, Feb. 6.-A great sur
prise was sprung in the House of
Representatives this afternoon when
the Richey "air-tight, iron-clad, bone
dry" prohibition bill was recommitted
to the committee by a vote of 46 to
44. The prohibitionists, stunned by
the complete reversal of the nearly
three-to-one majority on Friday for
the bill into a majority of two against
the bill, rallied their forces and de
manded a roll call on the motion to
put the parliamentary "clincher" on
the motion to recommit. Again the op
ponents of the bill won by a majority
of one vote, the clincher being applied
by a vote of 47 to 46.
This action practically kills the
Richey bill and the House will tomor
row take up the Daniel bill, which is
even more drastic than the Richey
measure, under a special order at
noon. "We will either amend the
Daniel bill or kill it," said one of the
leading opponents of the bill as they
filed out of the house for dinner.
The opponents of the Richey bill
were elated over their coup which was
one of the quietest and greatest legis
lative surprises of the session. Every
body thought the motion made by Mr.
Searson to recommit the bill would
fail but opponents of the bill, among
them Messrs.' N. G. Evans, H. H.
Evans and T. P. Cothran, lined-up
their side quietly. Messrs. Daniel and
Richey,.the leaders of the prohibition
ists, spoke again for the bill and it
was Mr. Toole, another prohibitionist,
who made the motion for the previous
question on the whole matter. On
the roll call when the Speaker an
nounced that by a vote of 46 to 44
the motion to recommit had carried,
the Prohibitionists could hardly be
lieve their ears and they made a fran
tic effort to postpone further action
by adjourning until tonight but again
they failed. The opponents of the
bill completed its chloroforming by
putting on the "clincher" despite the
frantic efforts of the Prohibitionists
to save the measure from the dis
Great speculation was expressed by
the ' opponents of the "bone-dry"
movement over the "putting to sleep"
of the Richey bill and they are con
lident they can handle the Daniel bill
in the same way tomorrow. "The
recess from 1'riday until to :ny was
the death of the bill for the mem
bers found the people didn't want it,"
saidI Mr. N. G. E'vans, who helped
frame the cou p wvhich disposed of the
P'rohibitionists are tonight rallying
for a new effort to get the Daniel
"bone-dry" bill through tomorrow and
a battle royal is pr1omnised.
.How They .Voted.
The following was the v'ote on the
bill, ayes to kill the bill, nays for
Yeas-Bailey Berry, Carter-, Coth
ran, Crews, Crum, E. J. Dennis, D~om
inick, Duncan, Ellis, HI. HI. Ivans, N.
G. Evans, Fromnberg, Graham, H1am
blin, Hammond, Hughes, Keenan, HI.
KelIly, J1. 0. Kelly, Lanford, Lesesne,
Lon;g, L unmpkin, Martin, Mason, Me
Cants, D. E. McCutcheni, WV. L. Mc
Norton, P'ickens, Redmnon, Riddle,
Rtivers, Sanders, Senbrook, Searson,.
Sense~ney, IH. L,. Smith, .Jr.,'Thomas.,
Walker- XWhaley, Young--Total 40s.
Nays-Speaker IHoyt, An-'!erson,
A tkinson, Booth, Boozer, Boyk in,
Bradlham, Byrd, Clinkscales, Coney,
Daniel, D~obson, D~uckworth, Ford,
Fuller, Fulmner, Goodwin, Gresham,
Hlamer, Harrison, HI. T. Johnson, W.
WV. Johnson, King, Mactarlan, Maul
din, McLaurin, Miellet, Middleton,
Mitchell, Neuffer, Nunn, Pognes,
Rawlinson, Rector, Richey, Scott,
Shull, .S.' E. Smith, Stafford, Strom,
Toole, Wasson, Williams, Wi nga rd