Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXVII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1917 NO.
COURTS WILL HAVE
TO DECIDE CAME
-Wade Hampton Gibbes, of Columbia,
Receiver Appointment from
RICHARDSON WON'T VACATE
Governor's Construction of Law Gov
erning Action- Statement by
Columbia, Feb. 26.-Whether Al
fred Aldrich Richardson, or Wade
Hampton Gibbes is chief game war
den of South Carolina will be decided
by the courts. Mr. Gibbes was this
morning appointed game warden by
Governor Manning, and with his com
mission duly signed called on Col.
Richardson to turn the office over to
him, but this the latter declined to
do, and mandamus proceedings to
oust Mr. Richardson will be the next
move, which will throw the whole
matter for decision into the courts.
Governor Manning construes the
act relating to the chief game warden
as giving him the right to appoint
because it says, in section 747 of the
How the Law Reads.
"The Audubon Society of South
Carolina shall send in the name of
suitable person to the Governor. On
approving this nomination the Gov
ernor shall transmit the name, with
his recommendation, to the State
Senate. Should the Senate approve,
the chief game warden shall assume
the duties of his office by taking oath
to administer the laws before any
notary, magistrate or judge or clerk
of court, and shall furnish bond in
the sum of $2,000, to be approved by
the Secretary of State. Should the
Governor or Senate not approve any
nomination sent them, the name shall
be returned to the said Audubon So
ciety of South Carolina, until a per
son suitable to both the Governor the
Senate shall have been named."
Adams Stuck to Richardson.
The Audubon Society, of which Dr.
E. C. L. Adams, of Columbia, is
president, recommended Col. RichardJ
son for reappointment. The Gover
nor returned the recommendation as
not satisfactory to him and asked for
another name. The society stood by
Col. Richardson and the Governor
went ahead this morning and appoint.
ed Mr. Gibbes without any recommen
Mr. Gibbes was formerly auditor
of Richland County, was for four
years Mayor of Columbia, and has
recently been in the employ of the
federal government as Indian agent.
The Senate adjourned at its recent
session without having passed on the
veto of Governor Manning on the bill
placing the election of game warden
in the hands of the people and retain
ing Col. Richardson in oflice until
Mr. Gibbes was president of the
udubon Society, which recommended
Ir. Richardson to Governor . Blease
~or appointment as chief game war
d4en four years ago after Mr. Bleast
Henry Rice, Jr.
hGdovecrnr tonningint appinin
Mr. Gibbes as chief game W/arden
sent the following notice of it to the
4ecretary of State, wvhich constitutes
the official appointment:
"To H-on. W. HI. Dove, Secretary ol
~"Whereas, under section 747 of the
Criminal Code of South Carolina, Vol
ume 11, Code of Laws of South Caro
lina, 1912, the privilege is given te
he Audubon Society of South Caro
irn' to send in to the Governor the
nnme of a suitable person for ap
pbintment as chief game warden; and
"Whereas, on the 18th (lay of De
~ber, 1916, the saidl society sent med
name of Alfred A. Richardson for
Whereas, the said nomination was
satisfactory to me and was on the
day of February, 1917, returnedl
eto the saidI society with the
at that the Said Audubon So
should forward me further nom
'hereas, the said Audubon Socie
sfailed to make a further nomi
i, and again nominated Alfred
ichnrdson for reappointment;
per.eas, the nomination of Alfred
dAChardson for the position ol
game warden is still unsatis
to me and I cannot approve
ereas, by the law of So6th Car.
the term of offien of the ehiel
FIGHTING "BONE DRY" AMEND.
Enemies of Prohibition Working b3
Indirection to Defeat Reed Amend.
Washington, Feb. 27.-The failur<
of the house and senate conference t<
break the deadlock over the posta
bill amendment to renew the pneu
matic mail tube contracts for anothe
year has caused the opponents of th
Reed "bone dry" amendment to be
lieve the postal bill may not be pass
ed at this session.
TO ENTRAIN MARCH
San Antonio, Feb. 27.-The Firs
Battalion, Georgia Field Artillery
has been ordered to entrain at E
Paso, March 5. The dates for th<
return home of the other Georgit
troops have not been announced.
game warden has expired and the of
fice is, therefore, vacant, and it i
important and necessary that the sai
office be filled at once in order tha
the interests of the State be pro
"Now, therefore, I. Richard I. Man
ning, for the reasons above state
and by virtue of the power and au
thority vested in me as Governor o;
the State of South Carolina, do here
by appoint Wade Hampton Gibbes
of Columbia, South Carolina, chie:
game warden for the State of Sout
Carolina, for the term provided b:
"Given under my hand and the sea
of this State, at Columbia, this 26tl
(lay of February in the year of ou:
Lord, 1917, and in the one hundre<
and forty-first year of the Independ
ence of the United States of America
"Richard I. Manning, Governor."
Col. Richardson in a statemen
"Mr. Gibbes came to my office thi
morning and demanded that the offic<
be turned over to hira. He shower
me a commission that the Governo
had given him, dated today, ani con
tended that my commission expires
yesterday. My commission is for fou
years, from March 7, 1913, and in m:
judgment will not expire until Marcl
7, 1917. I have only been drawinj
my salary from March 7, 1913.
told Mr. Gibbes that I refused hin
the office upon the ground that I di<
not consider his commission legal, fo
the reason that he did not have th,
recommendation of the Audubon So
ciety, as required by law. neither di1
he have the confirmation of the sen
ate. I further called to his attentioi
the fact that both branches of the
General Assembly had passed act:
putting this office in the hands of the
people, and providing that the in
cumbent retain the position until th<
next general election, that this ac
had been returned to the Senate wit)
the Governor's veto, which the Senate
had as yet failed to act upon, carry
ing the matter over until the first da:
of the next session. The General As
sembly, I told Mr. Gibbes, left Co
lumbia under the impression that m
action 01uld b)e taken until the charge;
of the Governor against this depart
ment had been investigated. I fur
ther~ called to his atenition that, inars
mutch as the above-ment ionedl ae
which was vetoed by the Governor
prov'ided that the incumbent hold of
flee for two years, thiat then, upo01
their return next year, the Gene(ra1
Assembly, if it failed toJ susuain the
Governor's veto,, the law would hav<
stoodi as at present, with the encutm
bent holding the office. I told Mr
Gibbes that there was not any per
sonal feeling iln this' matter whatso
ever, and he agreed with me on thi:
point--that we 01uld remain pe'rsoIna
friends, lHe left my office with th<
undlerstandling that wrhen the m~atte.
was decided by the courts, if the de'
eisUi shouldl be in his favor the emrol
uments of the position from now mi
w~ould go to him, andI if the' decisimi
should be in my favor that the emol
uments of the office shoultd go to thi
present game warden and his assist
"I am in this fight to the finish. 10
taking this attitude, I am making
personal sacrifice, because I am offer
('d a position, wvhich is no open to me
that would pay mc $500 per yeal
more than the position which I niov
holdl. It is possible that I would n,.
have taken this decided stand hadi
not been for the bitter message o:
the Governor against me andl this de
partment, but on account of this mes
sage I expect to hold this ofmle,i
possible, regardlless of whether or noi
I receive one cent of money for the
work I do for the State from now on.
GREAT LINER. L
Queenstown, Feb. 26.-The Cunard
line steamship Laconia, of 18,099 tons
gross, which sailed from New York
February 18 for Liverpool, has been
London, Feb. 26.-It is stated au
thentically that the Laconia was tor
pedoed without warning.
Wesley Frost, American consul at
Queenstown, telegraphed the Ameri
can embassy here today:
"Cunarder Laconia torpedoed 10:50
Sunday night. Two hundred and sev
enty-eight survivors landed. Details
lacking but known some missing, one
Washington, Feb. 26.-The sinking
of the big Cunarder Laconia, appar
ently without warning, and with
I twenty-six Americans on board, loom
ed up tonight as the most serious
disregard of American rights since
the ruthless German submarine cam
paign began. Government officials
I made no attempt to conceal their con
Consul Frost at Queenstown, re
ported to the State Department the
sinking of the vessel and the loss of
one life, bht sp to a late hour tonight
had not been able to say whether it
was an American who met death. He
expested to get full information from
the 267 survivors dcue at Queenstown
at 11:30 o'clock tonight.
Officials pointed out that while final
reports may show that no American
lives were lost, the fact will remain
that the twenty-seven Americans
were illegally assaulted on a peaceful
mission and escaped death only by
The United States is concerned in
the sinking of the Laconia also be
r cause a large amount of official diplo
matic mail had been entrusted to her
.after the American liner St. Louis
r had cancelled its sailing.
In the absence of oflicial informa
tion expected hourly from Consul
Frost no official would venture an
Opinion on the outcome of the sink
ing beyond saying that it would
gravely complicate the already crit
r ical situation with Germany. Whether
it may prove to be the "overt act"
will depend entirely on the actual
facts expected tomorrow.
SINKING OF CUNARD LINER LACONI
VIOLATION OF AMERICAN
F[LS THAT ANSWE
Washington, Feb. 27.The sinking
of the (Cunard Laconia by a German
submarine was stated officially today
- to constitute a clear cut violation
of American rights.
i('onclusive otlicial information at
the' State D~epartment shows that two
.. A meric-an women lost their lives, that
- of four other A mericanIs among the
- sse'i'gers ando the fourteen among
t the crew wereIt savedi, it was only by
, good~ fort une; and that t he vessel was
sunk without warning in direct de
fiantce of all the pr iciple's for which
I the Un itedl States' has stood.
Consul Frost's repoirts from the
survivors show that the v.essel was
- struck by a first torpedo without
.warning at It0:30 Sunday night 150
- miles off 1"astnet. The engine was
- stoopped as the ship listed to star
h oard, wi reless calls were flashed
I broadcast and six rockets were sent
-up. Thirteen boats with passengers
andl cre'w got. away in a heavy sea.
- A bout twenty minutes aifter the
- first torpedo, the reports add, and(
Swhile some of the boats wvere still
1 ne-arby, a second torpedoo was dlrive'n
- into the vessel, which sank three
q arters oif an hour after the oiriginal
- at tac-k. The small boats with sur
v ivo'rs pitched ablout (during the long
hours of the night until rescue ships
came up. D~uring this time thle two
BERlIN LEARNS NEWS.
Berlin, (Via Sayville, Wireless,)
Feb. 27.-News of the sinking of the
British liner Laconia, greatly dlelayed,
reached the Berlin plublic this after
noon, when interest was concentrated
upon the chancellor's speech in the
Reichstag. Advices receivedl here
gave assurance that no American
liven were lost
1K BY GERMANS
Bound for Liverpool.
New York, Feb. 26.-The British
passenger liner Laconia, one of the
largest vessels of the Cunard fleet
whose sinking by a submarine was
reported today, sailed from here Feb
ruary 18 for Liverpool.
On board were thirty-three first
and forty-two second cabin passeng
ers, among them seven Americans.
Twenty Americans were in the crew
of 216. Eight of her passengers had
been transshipped from the 11olland
America liner Ryndam. There were
no steerage passengers.
Officials received confirmation of
the vessel's destruction from the Brit
ish admiralty with the information
that one life had been lost. It was
not stated whether it was a passenger
or one of the crew.
The Laconia carried a large corga,
including war supplies and 5,000
sacks of United States mail, of which
1,300 were to have gone on the Ameri
can liner St. Louis.
A merican Passengers.
The names of the American pas
sengers and their addresses as given
by the line here follow:
Floyd P. Gibbons, of the Chicago
Mrs. F. E. Harris, wife of Lieut.
Col. Frank E. Harris, U. S. Coast
Artillery, stationed at Fort Dupont,
Arthur T. Kirby, Bainbridge, N. Y.
Mrs. Mary E. Hoy, Chicago.
Miss Elizabeth Hoy, Chicago.
The Rev. James Wareing, said to
be from Norfolk, Va.
The Americans among the crew
gave New York and Brooklyn as their
places of residence and ere stokers,
coal trimmers, wipers and seamen.
It was learned at the oflice of the
company that the following were
among the principal commodities in
the Laconia's cargo.
Bar silver, wheat, 2,843 bales of
ctton, fresh fruit, shell casings and
other war supplies and provisions.
Line officials stated positively that
there ere no explosives on board.
The Laconia carried 5,000 bags of
United States and Canadian mail.
Sailing on the same (late, the Hol
land America liner Rynda m returned
to port after being turned back from
her voyage to Rotterdam by the sub
marine menace. She also had on
board nine of the Ryndam's passeng
A IS A CLAR
RIGHTS AND PRESIDENT
R SHOULD COME FROM CONGRESS
A merican women, Mrs. lary E. IIloy
and Aliss Elizabeth IIoy, of Chicago,
died of exposure and were buried at
sea. There were several other deaths,
not of A mericans.
It was stated officially that nto other
facts are needed by tis goveritnmet.
OJflhiials are enti rely cleatr it thleirt
belief that Germany has conmmtit ted
the act which P'resident W ilsont has
satid it wasit imptjossible for Itim to be
Ilieve she would commniit.
Both Whtit e IHouse an id State I)e..
hart ment ofhicia ls sem to fe'el that
the a nswer imutst come fromit C ongiress.
The IPresident, they pointt ti, asked
for atuthority to take stelps to pr'eveit
just su'h an act at the very momnt
when the first itews was coining over
Naval otlic is are putzzledI by the
fact that the L aconija was t orpetdoed
at night. It has been an atccepted
coniditiont of submairine warfare h1ere
ttfore thatt the U -boats were ham inp
eredl by tdarkniess and1( that ships in
openi waters were int little dlanger at
It is submtartinei practice to re
charge electrtic storage bat teies at
night antd it is regarded ais probable
that the lioit which torpedoed the
L acon ia wits on the surface engaged
in thitis (operat ion when the litter camite
NOT ON LACONIA.
San Fracisco, Feb. 2'7.--W. HI.
Thatcher, interpreter at the Angel Is
land immigration station, was not a
passenger of the torpedoed liner La
conia, although his name was on the
passenger list. Thatcher is safe in
San Francisco and unable to explain
why his name was on the passenger
GUNS TO AIRM SHIPS;
Sufficient Weapons Stored at Navy
Yard if Need Arises for Their
EXPERT GUNNERS NEEDED
Naval Experts Oppose Idea of Nava
Convoys as it Would Impair
Washington, Feb. 25.-Guns am
mounts sufficient to arm any reason
able number of American merchani
ships are stored at navy yards, it was
stated officially at. the Navy Depart.
ment today after President Wilson's
appearance before Congress to asl<
authority to provide weapons and
men should the need arise. Ellicient
guners are lacking, however, unless
they are taken from active ships
hich can ill spare them.
Naval officers pointed out that me
of special skill, trained to the min.
ute, would be required as gun pointer:
for anti-submarine work, since a U
boat is difficult to hnt. Often a peri.
scope hardly visible at more than a
few thousand yards is the gunners
Recent figures show that 250 ships
under American registry are engaged
in transatlantic trade, but it is esti
mated that not more than 100 wouk
apply for guns and take the risk of
crossing the German submarine zones
There willbe no difliculty in arming.
that number of vessels, but supplying
trained gun pointers for 1 ('0 gum
would take just that many valuablb
men away from fighting ships.
No Expert Pointers.
There are about 1,000 men in th<
fleet reserve, but it is said that in
sufficiently expert gun pointers fo:
merchant craft could be obtained fron
that source, although some ammuni
tion handlers and other members o
gun crews might be obtained. Nav:
officials construe the President's lan
guage as asking for authority wid
enough to include naval convoys, bu
naval experts oppose such a step be
cause it could not insure ships agains
submarine attack and because the ef
ficiency of the fleet as alighting ma
chine would be seriously impaired i
its units were thus scattered.
The available guns range up t
six-inch calibre. Most of them ar
old models, but have ample rang
and power for the work desired. I
is important that the underwate
craft be assailed before she gets int(
torpedo range. The majority of case
reported show this to be 500 yard
or less and t1' skill of the gunner
should be sufficient to make it dan
gerous for a U-boat to show hersel
at 5,000 yards.
Navy officials were not inclined t
discuss the change in the status o
a merchant ship which might resul
from placing a navy crew aboard.
The naval militia, more than 9,01
strong, could not be drawn upon fo
gunner's, because of its militia statu:
The terms under which the men couli
be called out for active service ar
limited by the Constitution to sup
iression of insurrection, repelling in
vasion.' and enforcing the laws.
A,,IBEV lIR l. Y N( iNt,('A ASE
erlsessionis convened here this mort]
Ilomner S. lackwell, oft l.aurens,~ mak
ing his first otlicial aplpea rnce }ern
looking aftter the State's initerett.
The miost imptlortanit cascs that ma;
be tried at. this term are those g row
ig out (of the Ilynch ing on (embc L "l, -I
last, of Anthony Cirafordl, a well-t(
do negro, who was taken fro m t h
jiailI here, hu ng to a tree and~ his bod,
riddlled with bullets. The Iynchinit
occurr'ed after ( rawfordl hal a ilm
culty with ai white man here.
A. bill of indictmnent was give*n ou
this morning lby Solicitor llackwel
againist the fol lowing. who are ebarg
ed( withIi murder, for aullegedl pa rt icipia
tion in the lynching: ,1. V. Elgiri
Sanm Adams, .less ('ann, Will (atnn
Sam ('ann, Eugene Nance, lB. (;rant
R. U. F-erguson and Sam Ea kin.
report frnom the grntd jur y is ex
peetedl t omorrow, and inI the eveni
that a true bill is returned, a dla:
will probialy lbe set for the trial. Al
he dlefenidants are whiite.
SU'GAt l1-O'll iE A 1,1,1 ES
D)ES''ItOY El) BY 1.lIll
Ne w York, lleb. 26.--Sugar v~aluer
at $100,000 was destroyed by firt
early today on board the Britisk
steamship Bay Sura, which was be.
ing loaded with cargo for the Allies
at a rmooklyn ,ier.
NO BIlLS RETURNED
IN SESSIONS COURT
Twenty-One Are Presented by the
CIIRISTOPOULOA TO APPEAR
Rule to Show Cause is Issued Against
Him Regarding Suspended
Twenty-one no blils were returned
by the grand jury in the Court of
General Sessions here yesterday, the
defendants in each case being charged
with violating the prohibition law.
When the presentation was made
there was evident surprise in the
"That's remarkable," .Judge 1. W.
Bowman, ho was presiding, remarked.
)uring the present term of court
a large number of true bills against
persons charged with having violated
the prohibition law has been returned
by the grand jury. The larger part
of the session yesterday was occupied
in disposing of appeals.
A rule to show cause why the sus
pended sentence against him as im
posed by Judge Mendel L. Smith, was
issued against Constan i. Christo
poulo yesterday. Christopoulo has
been ordered to appear in court to
morrow morning at 10 o'clock. Should
he fail to satisfy Judge Bowman that
he has not violated the terms of his
1suspended sentence he will have to
serve a term of imprisonment, ac
cording to the wording of the sus
pended sentence. No Jury trial is
necessary. Four other persons have
also been ordered to show cause why
- similar action should not be taken in
their cases in court tomorrow morn
t ing at 10 o'clock. They are S. P.
- Schiadaressi, Carl Dannhauer, U. I.
t Rabens and E. H. Rickels.
The grand jury presented a true
bill against John Martins, charged
with assault and battery with intent
to kill and carrying concealed wea
The No Bills Returned.
The following no bills were return.
ed: A. P. -Jones, charged with yelling
intoxicating liquors; Edward Zissett,
charged with violating the prohibi
tion law; William Farrow, charged
with selling intoxicating liquors;
Thomas laflin, charged with selling
f intoxicating liquors; 11. (. Rikhot.
charged with selling intoxicating li
quors; William Farrow, charged with
f selling intoxicating liquors; 'lonnla
t larks, charged with selling intoxicat
ing liquors; Thomas .iarks, cdharged
with selling intoxihating liquor:; Thl,
r nuas ILaflin, charged with selline in
Stoxicatinog liquors; \ inla li e r,
I charged with violating the orb: in
L. ll\w; l~dwarl Zissett. :i irgeil wn Ii
- elling intoxicating liquor;; Iichard
- I.Martns, charged with sellin . ? i.
will Peiung intxicu ig qor:
l'I char;edl wvith selingc in \t:me: -
- Ine intoxicatinjg liquors
- f Fox, nar l with selin' Iit\xwa.
r - jsnag itoxic at ing' lmirr
- a %i- -it. thaurued with silk
charmu w ~ithu tranispo~rt ini
. Thoma-.\lalrks, chalrged Al wih
. intoxI iatin l iquors; \ imtla i
th: ith~ sm'll" ai-m-t I'
- Gerge llotitos. ith-a&,1 ihy .
the~ first (ounit ofl an hoitttownt thamr
ig him with vioilatinc thme ptrh -l
ion law. lIe wais sin: ner to t ser-,
Itwoi lionthsi impiJ-mnmm (or I ~m
ai une of $50I andmm wa -y ivn a sut
Se'rious!- Smal lt-hluip on Pe'nnseli n ia
Ph'liladel ph ia, Febu. 27-T wo S.t
ig cars of the .\ercanile I E xineiss
Ifrom P'itt sbuurg for Philadelphia on
the Pecnnsyl vania rail road were t eli
scopledl by a freight tramin near A l
(oona ealy today andt ofliciatls tf thIe
road here expressed feamr that a num
bier of' paissengers hadl been k illed.
The two sleepers ere so t ightly i jam
med( together that little headway had
been made in extricating the occu.
piants half an hour after the accident.
Relief trains carrying physicians
andl nurses left Altoona at .1 a. m.