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After a successful opening display of Ladies',
Misses and Children's Hats, Coat Suits, and
Dresses, which helped our lady friends and custo-,
mers aecide as to selections the next day, and dur
ing the balance of the week, we are pleased to
announce many new arrivals in shapes and a new b
lot of Pattern Hats, also a very pretty collection
of new hand made Hats right out of our work ti
room at reasonable prices. Only newest and best t
materials are used in spite of the low prices we
are selling them at.
We have also just opened the new "American V
Lady" Waists in Crepe De Chine, Georgette Crepe 5
Our courteous salesladies will be pleased to t
show you through. The above Waists are in all e
sizes, also in out sizes.
You can also find your Skirt to fit before sizes r
are broken. Small and large sizes. t
Why shop away from your town and pay r
more for no better merchandise?
,J ohuntin 3 o'clock, the arguments by the
ELILI ELL defense and the government began.
hann W.s Buse, Meit von Thulen,5p
liiiIII I~r'hT ICJm. and a verdict of not guilty on the
guiiis Of OVT conspiracy charge and guilty with a
b recommendation to mercy on the c
J~ohn Luken, George Sunkel, Jonas charge of sinking, or permitting the c
E. Jansen, Heinrich Wattenberg, Jo- ship to sink, in a navigable stream,
hann W. Buse, Merits von Thulen, was returned shortly before 6 o'clock. '
August Neuse and William Schwart- The jury in the Liebenfels case was8
ing, the eight members of the crew drawn Thursday and placed under the?
of the German steamer Liebenfels, care of Marshal J. L. Sims.
sunk in Charleston harbor Felruary First .itnss
1, were tried and found guilty in the Thfiswtnsitrdcdb
United States court before Judge H. Dsrc tonyFacsH etn
A. M1. Smith, at Florence yesterday,ofClmiadAisntDtrch
of an "overt act" in sinking theAtonyJWaesWrgfCh
steamer, or permitting it to sink inlstn vsJmsPAleaa-h
a navigable stream. The mna alsositnUiedSascvlsrie
were tried on charges of conspiracy, egncro hretn h etfe
but wvere found not guilty on the in- a otelcto fteLeefl
dictmpent. Judge Smith announced i h oprrvrcanlbfr
that he would pronounce sentence thisadateshwssukMrAln
morning, and allowed the convicted tsioya'st h fetta h
men their freedom for the night on ibneswsukintecaelC
their present bail.buthrwaplnyoromfr'
The case against Captain John R. sist aso ihrs~e
Klattenhoff, wvho is under indictment MjrYugeg
on similar charges, was not called. MaoG..YunbrfteI
Captdin Klattenhoff is ill in this city, Uie ttscrso nieri
andl was not able to go to Florence tochreoChlstn abr, ext
standl trial,.h tn.O irc n rs-x
Logan and Grace, of Charlestom, at- hdmd omv oso h ik
torneys for the defense, sprung a big igo h ibnes hnh a
surprise when they announced, at the avsdo h medn at n
conclusion of the government's testi- hdol sue hreo h
mony, that the defense would offer nostaewhnitrcdtoo 0b
witnesses. Mr. Grace asked for a dIi- hssprosa ahntn hog
recter verdlict, but this was refused by mltr hnes
Judge Smith, who stated the jury MjrYugegtsiidta
would reach a verdict. The govern-gramnysisomdete r
ment restedl its case at 1:10 p. m. (e~-lagt ol o asteLe
an~~~l, after aefene an thegovrnmentfoluc benfg nsftuls xrm a.
Wil begla tosere yu. e cay wen complte line of 5.
Prce.Vr Rasnabedc, fntgulyoh
Wil gve oul~omp srvcenprc guarnted guilty Ciall
Phonee333snking, orpemttn C he
U oi' approaching tye
und -that; the steel buni roi
pen, ,opoaite Zie engine xpbnir'
n deck the ,hatches were open e
aacovers dislaced and wasr in thi
old, All 'deck tatlfinery, oh ,ti
ridge and aft, were rendered prac
Photos of the Liebenfels. at .half
. :and of the disabled nachinery
fireless room and steering "ea
ere identified by Mar Ypungberg
The Liebenfels, stated Majoi
oungberg, was 'being pumped out a1
resent, and the work, it, wasi ex
ected, would be completed within tw<
r three weeks, when the vessel W*II
John P. Grace, for the defense, here
iterposed the objection that this tes
mony would only serve to prejudice
ie jury, and could only prove thai
ie crew demolished certain parts of
fe ship, without any direct bearing
n the actual sinking. Mr. Grace's
bjection was overruled by Judge
Cross-examined by W. Turner Lo
an, Major Youngberg stated that the
bannel in which the Liebenfels sunli
ras 1,500 feet wide, with a mear
epth of 30 feet at low tide, and wa
00 feet wider than the channel be
ween the jetties, where the meal
)w tide depth was only 28 feet
'hus, Major Youngberg testified
here was space of 900 feet on one
ide of the Liebenfels and 600 fee
n the other, in a 30-foot channel.
Lula Ashe Heard.
Lula Ashe, the colored stewardes
f the Liebenfels, was the next wit
less. She told of having been em
loyed for four or five weeks aboar<
he steamer prior to the sinking, an<
as on board the first pare of th4
ight of January 31. She had quar
era on board, and only went on shor
ceasionally, as she was "following
On the night of January 31, she
ras told by Captain Klattenhoff, wh
ad been absent from the ship, sev
ral days and only returned tha
vening that she was to go ashore
'earing that something was wrong
"You ain't mad at me ?"
Captain Klattenhoff replied, "N
'here is a storm coming. The sig
als are up. You had better g
shore. Come back in the morning.
Lula prepared to go ashore anc
ras handed several articles by the
aptain, that had been placed in hi:
ands for safe keeping. -Puzzled, ah
poke to Arthur Williams, the colorec
nok, and told him "something was
She went ashore in the launch 'an
rhen she returned to the Columbus
treet wharf the next morning, a
:30 o'clock, the Liebenfels was sink
Captain Klattenhoff, she stated
ras brought to the wh~arf from th
hip and landed. She was not takei
ack to the ship. Captain Klatten
off, said Lula, seemed nervous and
pset and did not speak to her whei
e landed at the wharf.
Lula testified, under cross-exami
ation by Mr. Grace, 'that when Cap
din Klattenhoff reached the Lieben
els on the night of January 31, hi
ave hurried orders to. the first offi
er, and "the men acted like I ha<
ever seen 'em act before." Sh
eard strange noises in the ship im
Mr. Grace brought out that the mei
yoked upon the captain as the chie
ad that all his orders wvere unhesi
Arthur Williams Talks.
Arthur Williams, colored cook o
be Liebenfels, testified he was o
oardl all night January 31, an
eanrd "blowing and booming noise
ri the ship." Hie was told at 9:3
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Thz l ~iscgvered. the.frtqle
on t : and~ cooked: brafa
Ohb or opsexamnantion,:he e .sd h}i
idnot. i~n9W, whether- all 'th$ men
were on boardi al l night 'or' not.
:, Emmiua AtmpbeU a ,Stand.
. ma;a' mpbelJ, colored, whi
wprked during th" day, on the ship,
testified lhe came . to the wharf .
Col nmbuestreetht 7;80 o'cloel on the
morning of ,February 1, to niept thi
launch. . Captain Klattenhof wai
landed from the ship, she oaido and
'in' reply to a .question, -f rom :a 1y
standet as to Avhether the shini was
"I hope so. I want to go to Ne"
York. I'm tired."
Captain Flatley Testifies.
Captain Flatley, master of the tug
Waban, testified that the Liebenfel
was sinking by :the *stern when hi
went to offer assistance on the morn
ing of February 1. He said he noted
the stern port hole open when he
approached. He went- aboard an<
talked to the first officer, telling
him the port hole was open. He
boarded the ship on the starboard
side, and when he inquired of the
first officer if there were' any port
holes on the port side, he was told
I don't know."
According to Captain Flatley, ther<
was nothing done to relieve the sink
ing condition of the ship,. and thi
first officer refused all offers of as
sistance, saying that he could dc
I nothing in the absence of the cap
His testimony under cross-exami
- nation developed that he had towe<
vessels past the Liebenfels since shi
had sunk, but he was a little mor<
careful now. He said he was- mor<
afraid of hitting the anchor or an
chor chain than of colliding with the
ship. Captain Flatley said he. coul<
take any ship that could enter the
harbor past the Liebenfels with
Next Captain Lockwood.
Capt. J. J. Lockwood, Jr., maste:
of the tug. Cecelia, testified he fol
- lowed the Waban to the sinking shin
and bore out Captain Flatley's tes
timony. He said he was told by thi
Waban's commander to find Captain
Klattenhoff. He went to Johnson's
wharf and telephoned, but could no
Charles H. Yeager on Stand.
Charles H. Yeager, expert dive:
from the navy yard, next took the
stand. Mr. Yeager gave a thorougi
description of the damage done tc
the wireless outfie, steering gear an<
engine room machinery of the Lieben
fels, in an investigation which began
February 2. Mr. Yeager went dow
first into hold No. 4, aft. There ar
six holds in the Liebenfels, each sep
arated by wvaterlight bulkheads.
He examined the sidcs of the shij
and the suction pipes that lea.d 'inti
the bilge, or drain for the~ water ii
the hold. In 28 or 30 feet of' wate
in-the hold he found one large stee
bar, used to uncover the cargi
hatches, in the bilge.
Engine Room Damaged...
He next went into the engine room
where he found two eight-inch discs
lying on the floor, with marine growtl
on them. On the starboard side tw
floor plates had been removed. I
large steel wheel, used to reverse th
engine,' was found under the engin
room floor plates, on the double bot
tom. The small steam throttle handi
1was broken. Small pieces were brok
en off the dynamo engines, on th
port side, and manifold castings t
sone or more valves, used to floo
compartments or discharge sea wate1
were broken off. Triedi to close se
valves, but could close only one c
three, as the discs had been removec
Sea water, said the diver, flowve
Sin and out through the condenser.
On cross-examination, Mr. YeagE
said that only dlamage done to til
Liebenfels which could cause sinkin
was the destructive work on the man
folds leading to the sea cocks.
H*le .said he had worked' on ti
gUnited States collier Hector, sunk o
Charleston harbor last July, and ti
work of raising the Liebenfels woul
be easy by comparison.
C. B. Vinson Testifies.
C. B. Vinson, supei'intendent of ti
Terminal company, testified thi
members of the Liebenfels crc
brought their baiggage ashore and ei
gaged transportation to points in tl
3city on February 1.
:After the tostimony of F. L. Bowe
>s marine engineer on the Unit<
0- States dredge Sumter, who view<
the wrecked machinery of the Liebe
fels, the government announced I
defendats sik h and ' tliether
There e Ited a pir S
,ITWaiter WsirIp, 'C l1arestqnh
asistailt 'Unfted States difrict at.
torney, began ,t} ar gtaent. 'for the
government, Mr, Warinig said, ih
part, that It was a imple sQ; .rn
issue of who sunk .hex but sinipIy
whether ,the Liebenfels Was permitted
to sink, in a navigable strean. He
reviewed tlie testinony,t tending to
proyo that care had been takten to
male preparation against the sink
ing, and that the.. proffered help was
The testinony, said Mr. .Waring;
was full- and complete,, that the ship
was sunk by opening the seacocks,
aid .there was a conspiracy 'among
the eight defendants to sink the ves.
Mi. Logan, in . answer for. the de
fense, told the jury that they were
charged with the conduct of a case
of tremendous importance to the de
fendants, and - they would. be untrue
to their oath and to the tradition of
the United States if they did not give
them full- justice.
"These hnen," said Mr. Logan, "are
not on trial for dismantling. their ship.
They are on trial for opening the sea
valves and sinking her."
Mr. Logan said that the idea of a
conspiracy was absurd, . as the men
acted under orders from their sap
tain, who was the supreme master on
board. He asked if the jury could
pick out the man who dismantled
the wireless, who wrecked the steer
ing gear, or who opened the seacocks.
The Liebenfels at anchor, swinging
in the tide, was more a menace to
navigation than after she sunk, he
He urged the jury to rise above
passion and prejudice, and render
Mr. Grace Argues.
John- P. Grace began his argument
to the jury by painting, a picture of
the pathetic sight of a two million
dollar ship at the bottom of the river,
and eight men in a. strange country
facing the penitentiary. He begged
the jury, in an inipassioned appeal,
to try the case in a spirit of the
weight upon the shoulders of the
eight men, and not in a spirit of
Mr. Grace pointed out that if the
conspiracy charge stood, it included
the cook, the stewardess and the
"The time is not yet in the United
States," said Mr. Grace, "when we,
in patriotic wrath, pursue cIvilians,
and if we go to war, we will begin
with soldiers, I hope!"
"You can say," he continuied, "oh,
well, one of them sunk the ship.'Wh
I try to find out which one?. All of
.them did it! Gentlemen, they haven't
proved it. Time was when some of
these men were not on board, ac
cording to the government witnesses.
The government can't put Its hand
on the man, and expects you to do it."
Mr. Grace said the members of the
Liebenfels crew had become a part
of the life of Charleston, and it was
unworthy to take vengeance.
For the Ho
The best line Ranges,
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d The best Corn and C
IDistributors, Harrows a
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Let ie tei oi'nu he
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Ask to see Nte fiou
QLAsSEs. $isib1 bl
IF "YOU EIi+C~i,
oEE' qVn. E
Dflice; in Sniteir tioi)4
sumter Buldi i!
"If t'ere was no apevlfl CtI
there would be no tria0l
member, .while you delber
men, who have waited - t3 ;
sign .of peace, wait h0re". iit
Mr. Grace. called .,attent&t.'
trial by, jury, sayhig it
orporated - into magne car
Germany, -andi asked" that the
f jury- tril be not lost sigh6*'Y
"The spirit- of jury< trial;
luded,. "is the sentinel on tp
dower of civilization! Th''he r
mad. Shall we become MadW
THING which: the prexidt
spoken. of, .that has driven th
mad, to penetrate an Amerns
Mr. Weston Closes.
District Attorney Francis II
ton, of Columbia, closed. in'_
appeal to 'the jury to try the'.
Judge H. A. *M. Smith,' 'in
charge to, the jury, outlined the
indictments, alleging conspiracy,
sinking, or permitting to sink,
sel in a' navigable stream.' Tie
matter of law, he said, was wet.
the defendants sunk the ship
navigable stream. He directe
attention of .the jury, in detail,, t
evidence, and ended by pointing
that' the only. question was.n
After the verdict was returned;;;
gan and Grace announced their
tention of submitting argument,.
a new trial.
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