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VOL. XXXVII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, 1917. . 5
INCR[ASED [OOD SUPPLY ANI
All Phases of War Activities'
of Cabinet Yesterday--C
ergy to Supplying Allies
Congress Lawmakers Are
scription Being Discussed
Washington, April 10.-President
Wilson and his Cabinet at today's %
meeting reviewed the many phases of o
war activities, found that every step d
possible to equip the army and navy a
and turn out munitions is under way, d
and decided that the most pressing v
needs of the nation now are to in- tl
crease the supply of foodstuffs and n
ocean-going vessels, and raise suffi- o
cient money to finance America's a
part in the war and make liberal
loans to the Entente Allies.
For present activities the Allies 1
are understood to be well supplied r
with munitions, and to have as many tl
men in the field as they can equip I
and feed under existing conditions. i1
Through a coordination of the muni- P
tions industry in the United States,
and the raising of a large army the C
United States will be in a position c
later to supply any need in either t
Food and Money. t
Members of the Council of National
Defense who are also members of the
Cabinet have been studying the best
,methods of aiding in the defeat of
Germany, and they took to the Pres- c
inent wvordl that the most pressing.
need of Europe is for food and money.
Therefore, the American Government
swill seek to supply those with \vhom
it is making common cause.
President Wilson personally appeal
ed to farmers today through the Na
tional Agricultural Society to make
it their patriotic duty to increase the v
food supply of the nation, and Sec
retary Lane brought forward a plan
,'or greatly increasing the acreage
under cultivation on public lands.
The Financial End.
Secretary McAdoo left the Cabinet
"meeting early to appear before the l
- members of the ways and means com
mittee of the House regarding plans h
for raising bonds totaling $5,000,000
000 and treasury certificates totalling s
$2,000,000,000, $3,000,000,000 of the a
bonds to be loaned to the Entente
The government is already in pos- v
sion of information that several of
the Allied nations will be glad to o
accept loans from the United States. o
russia and France probably will be a
among the first nations suplied. e
To quickly meet the demand for t
ships, examination was begun of the o
condition of the Gernian merchant c
vessels in American ports, which the f
government plans to use. It appeared f
probable that Major Gen. George Goe
tljls, builder of the Panama canal, n
would be placed in Ncharge of the ti
construction of the great fleet of 1,000 b
wooden, ocean-going vessels for the ii
Shipping Board. 2
SIn its consideration of wvays of dl
aising a large army, and at the same a
ime keeping necessary indlustries go- ni
ing at full speed, the administration n
his decided to consider separately the
n~rodluction of luxuries andl the necessi- a
ties of life. It is taken for granted a
that people wvill be willing to give p
In making exemptions from mili
tary service, if Congress authorizes
the draft, the government will take r
the position that if young men wvork a
in industries producing luxuries their p
labor is not necessary and they will S
not he exempted. Just what will be h<
*assed as luxuries has not been die- a
Work in Congress.
[ Washington, April 10.-Congress V~
(Mbated war plans today over a wide a
range, but in the broadest generali- d
ties. in the House most of the (Ie- ce
bate was devoted to emphasizing the
necessity of realizing the imp~ortance ti
o an adequate food supp~ly, and in the t<
ate the dlebate turned principally b
the question of universal service. S
Democratic Leader Kitchin today ti
nnounced his readiness to pilot the a:
pdministration war program through n
House, ie voted against the wvar ci
solution, and there was some doubt ti
f his position. v<
ehie World I
EST NEEDS SAYS CABINET
Were Discussed in Meeting
ountry Will Bend All En
With Food and Money-In
Debating War Plans, Con
Principally in the Center.
Mr. Kitchin also announced that he
ould give the Democratic caucus an
pportunity to decide if it desired to
epose him as House leader. While
large majority of the Democrats
isagreed with his opposition to the
ar resolution, the general feeling is
iat he has voted his convictions and
ow that he is willing to take charge
F the war measures, he is not open to
Great surprise was expressed by
[r. Kitchin over any question. being
ised as to his being willing to push
e war measure through the House.
[e never had any intention of oppos.
ig them once the war resolution
assed, he said.
"Now that the resolution has pass
d, I certainly am yilling to take
large of the measur-,s and push
rem through," said he. 'I cannot
nderstand why it ever has been in
mated that I would be unwilling to
ike charge of the bill. I expressed
ty willingness in my address .o the
louse and I wish to reiterate it now."
Belief was gencial in congressional
ircles that all the so-called pacifist
actions would join with Mr. Kitchin
i support of the measures.
Despite Kitchin's announced will-'
gness to father the administration's
Par revenue measures as the chair
inn of the ways and means commit
2e, several of his friends express be
ef that .he probably will oppose uni
ersal military service and training.
Opposed to Draft Feature.
Efforts to break down opposition to
he draft feature of the proposed
rmy bill were continued today by
resident Wilson. He arranged to
ee Representative Anthony, of Kan
as, a Republican member of the
louse military committee, and an op
onent of conscription, and to explain
ow strongly he believes the United
tates should not apply the volunteer
ystem in raising a big army for use
gainst Germany. He made a similar
ersonal appeal yesterday to Chair
ian Dent, of the military dbpartment
'ho (loes not favor conscription.
There was considerable talk today
f a compromis to be presented by
pponents of compulsory service, and
Ithough the administration recogniz
d this possibility, no hint was given
rat it will recede from its insistence
n conscription. Chairman Dent de
lared it would be at least a week be
:re a bill of any sort is reported
rom its committee.
Secretary Baker told the House
iilitary committee today that while
re administration bill for a new army
y selective conscription authorizes
icrease of the regular troops to
B7,000 men, the War Department
oes not niow propose to take advant
ge immlediately of all these incre
wents and that only 203,000 rcgulars
ow wer~e contemplated.
Secretary Baker in general reiter
ted his unyielding view that univer
lservice wVas the only method of
roducing an adlequate army for the
ar with Germany.
Senators on Conscription.
"I have very grave apprehension
aspeccting this idIea of conscription,
a to whether it will app~eal to the
cople of the United States," said
enator Gallinger, the Republican
ader. "I (do not know, however, if
e can raise a volunteer army unle~ss
e emulate Canada in paying our sol
Senators Thomas, of Colorado, andl
ardIaman, of Mississippi, D~emocrats,
so favored increasing the pay of sol.
ers, and1 advocated voluntary re
As a means to stimulate recruiting
ie Senate agreed to an amendment
the army appropriations bill offered
y Senator Ihitchcock authorizing the
ecretary of War to accept gratui
ous services of a publicity agency
Id also space from newspapers aind
agazines for adlvertising for re
uits. Another amendment also aua
torized the Secretary to pay for 4d
rtising services and1 space.
The Star Spangled Banner
O say! can you see by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming;
Whose broad stripes and bright stars thro' the perilous light,
O'er the ramparts we watch'd were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof thro' the night that our flag was still there!
O say, does that star spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free, And the home of the brave.
On the shore dimly seen thro' the mist o'er the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected, now shines in the stream;
"'is the Star spangled banner! oh! long may it wave
O'er the land of the free, And the home of the brave.
Oh, thus be it ever, When freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation;
Blest with vict'ry and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the pow'r that hath made and preserved us a nation!
Then, conquer, we must, for our cause it is just,
And this be our motto,-"In God is our trust."
And the star spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free, And the home of the brave.
In urging his amendment, Senator "The battle near Arras continues.'
Hitchcock said: It adds that the British succeeded it
"When individuals are volunteering penetrating German positions on
their services, the newspapers ought roads radiating from Arras, but dk
to be given an opportunity to con- not break through the lines.
tribute their space. If this country is "In stubornly resisting the sit
to be aroused as it should be, there perior forces of the enemy two of
ought to be united, spontaneous and our divisions suffered considerabl
gratuitious effort of newspapers." losses," the German official state
Senator Chamberlain questioned the meat says.
response from newspapers opposing O
the war policy. SOUTH CAROLINA'S SHARE
"Each community," Senator H1itch
cock answered, "will take care of its Woud Have to Furnish 8,000 Men ir
newspapers of a coperhead charac- Case of Call for Million.
ter." Columbia, April 10.-In the event
GERMANS AD)MITl RtEVERSE. 00mnfrtefrtgetam
Berlin, A pril 10.-Regarding the aot400ecuieo h ain
heavy fighting on the western front, a url alfr10000mt
Onth 1thanThe tis nr Arracoties.
Stte ofier rprsetgd that Army andis Navydei
tanig ecuis. Th ctientas n of man g dsire o h
to rin toethrteseofficrsaknhrug all yon.
abl-boiedme intheConty etubor n reithengte su
end in iew ontpenihtof thres of8thea eighytwo0
'coc i te MsoicHaur dSmokens l sufere tn-eal
deedthseoficrsan llosse,"th emn betweenstte
thesad ges a wichtieuldaesire iunsh8,00m en- i
Threwilbespehs frmidenumbersonclfo 500,
Caendn hs awa0 (len forthe prt ineatsam
cotr'snedndau arlinac ofl haeyouns
men ectedt. n 9t fti mnhU ie
sevieArl e inYanin Plathnprpseifob
WAR CREDIT WILL BE
SEVEN BILLIONS FOR U. S.
France, Russia and Italy Will Receive
the Greatest Allotments--Passage
of Bond Bill is Practically Assured.
Washington, April 10.-Seven bil
lion dollars in natural securities will
be the first "war credit" arranged by
the United States government, accord
ing to a determination reached today
by the committee on ways and means
of the house of representatives.
Following a discussion which ex
tended throughout the day and in the
course of which no partisan line of
cleavage developed, but Democrats
and Republicans worked as members
of the one great American party, the
committee decided to report a bill au
thorizing the issuance of $5,000,000,
000 worth of 3% per cent 20-year
gold bonds and $2,000,000,000 worth
of certificates of indebtedness bearing
the same rate of interest but running
for only a single year.
It is the anticipation of Chairman
Kitchin, of the ways and means com
mittee, that the elimination of the in
debtedness of $2,000,000,000 as evi
denced in the proposed certificates
will be taken up by taxation in the
course of their year of life. This
means that the committee must at
once set about devising new revenue
producing legislation which will ap
proximately double the present income
of the federal treasury.
Of the $5,000,000,000 bond issue,
$3,000,000,000 will be devoted to the
purchase of the government bonds of
the entente allies. It is not believed
that the bill authorizing the issue
should specify which of the potential
allies of the United States shall re
ceive the stupendous credit or in what
amounts it shall be alloted among the
various belligerents arrayed against
the common enemy.
But it is known that by far the
great faction will be loaned to France,
certainly one billion and perhaps a
billion and a half. Russia and Italy
will receive also certain allotments.
There will be no probable need for the
assumption of any part of Great Bri
tain's credit at this juncture.
Chairman Claude Kitchin, of the
ways and means committee, returned
to Washington today. He sat with
the committee for the first time since
the declaration or war against the
imperial German government to which
in the house he had voiced opposition.
Chairman Kitchin, by his attendance
on the committee, set at rest the al
legations that his opposition to the
declaration of war would be given fur
ther evidence through opposition to
the bond issue.
At the meeting of the cabinet today,
the distribution of the United States
loans to the foreign governments was
discussed. Word had been conveyed
to the cabinet that the enactment of
the bond issue bill was but the ques
tion of a few days of discussion and
that its pasage was assured.
BRI'l'ISlI GAIN VIC'lt'RY
Battle M",onday llesuilts in Captutre of
London, A pril 10-It is omlcially
announced that the British capturedl
miore than nine thousand prisoners
andmre than forty guns yesterday.
A lrheavy fighting the British drove
the Germans from the northern end
of Vimy Ridge, and also cleared the
Eastern slope. The Germans were
driven from the h igh, groundI near
St. Que ntin. TIhe fighting conit inues
throughout the whole front. The
British have seized the village of
lFampoux and~ neighboring dlefenlses
north and south of the (carpe river.
A strong German attack near Ypres
was frustrated biy a Brit ish counter
IUOOSEV,'ELTI SEES WI LSO)N
Fornmer P'residlent Calls at the WVhite
Washington, April 10.-Col. Roose
v'el t, acompan~~~iedl by his daughter,
Mrs. Nicholas Longworth, called on
Presidlent Wilson at the White House
Col. Roosevelt laid before president
his plan for raising a division of
troop~s for foreign servIce, lie sid
afterward that he was receivedl with
"the utmost courtesy and considlera
EXPLOSION KIL[S AT
199 IN MUNIIION
PLANT IN P[NN'A
Frightful Casualties in Destruction of
Munitions Plant at Chester, Pa.
Scores of Girls Mangled and Burned
Chester, Pa., April 10.-At least one
hundred persons, mostly girls, were
killed and 200 or more injured, by an
explosion today in the great muni
tion plant at Eddystone, Pa., near
here, owned by the Russian govern
Nothing is known as to the cause
of the explosion, though there is sus
picion that it was not due to accident.
The greatest confusion prevails and
no one is allowed to aproach the plant
in which the explosion occurred. The
trolley line to Eddystone is not run
ning because its wires were destroy
It is stated the building in which
the explosion occurred was used for
making time fuses for shrapnel. The
workers were mostly women and
Big Works Destroyed.
The first explosion was in the struc
ture known as the 10-F building.-Im
mediately there was another explo
sion in the old F building adjoining.
These two structures were destroyed.
About 400, mostly women and girls,
worked in these buildings.
At 1 p. m. firemen, policemen and
others still were dragging bodies from
the wreckage. Shells were found scat
tered about the scene for a space of
The explosion occurred soon after
10 o'clock in the pellet room of the
shrapnel building where about 1,200
girls were employed putting the fin
ishing touches on shells. In a build
ing adjoining approximately 30,000
shells were stored. A second explo
sion demolished this building andt
scattered the shells in every direction.
Immediately calls were sent for out
side aid and physicians, firemen and
policemen from surrounding towns ar
rived in great numbers. The buildings
in which the explosions occurred
caught fire and were destroyed.
Charred bodks were pulled from the
wreckage and injured persons were
picked up and taken to Chester, a
mile away. The two main hospitals
of the city were soon filled and others
injured were taken to the Fifth re;i
ment armory and a frame tabernacle.
Plot is Suspected.
No oflicial of the company was
found who could tell anything about.
the explosion. There were whispers
(if a plot to destroy the plant.
The plant originally was construct
ed soon after the European war start
ed by Baldwin Locomotive interests.
Recently it was taken over liy the
Russian government which has beens
employing about 1(1,000 people mak
The place has been thoroughly
gua rdled night anad day, and after dark
inmense searchlights made every por..
tion oif the grounds as light as dlay.
In add it ion sec ret service men anrd
detectives worked in the various de
partmeints d isgutisedl as munitions
D~ead Mlost ly Girls.
A t the und erta king place of Corone r
Whiit e there are 80 hod ies, 79 heintg
those of girls.
TIhousands of girls were em ployed
at the pllant, most of them coming
from Philadelphia, ten miles away.
TIhey were attracted by the high
Of ieials of the Eddystone Ammu
Iiit ions Corporations this a ft ernioon
sa1id the damage to the plant, wasI not
serious. Announcement was mnadei
that operations will be resumed to
F-OOD) PRICES D)E~lNE
Suggestion11 of Meatless lDays and
Government (Cnit rol of Food ('auses
Chicago, April 1 0.-J-.. Ogden Ar-.
mour's suggestion for mleatle-ss dlays
and government control of all food
stuffs wasI saidl to hav'e causedl the
sensational break on the board of
trade at the opening today. Wheat.
declined five cents a bushel, and pro
visions also declined.
and More ?