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VOL. XXXVII . MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 25, 1917.
FIRST BOND ISSUE
TO BE $2,OOOQQQO0(
Ofliials Considering Collecting Pro
ceeds of First Issue in
$7,000,000,000 BILL SIGNED
Indications Are England, France
Russia and Itdly Will Share
in First Issue.
Washington, April 24.-Tentativ<
plans, under consideration by admin
istration officials call for the issue
of $2,000,000,000 in bonds as the firs
public offering under the $7,000,000,
000 war revenue law, signed toda:
by President Wilson, to be followed b:
a second issue in from four to si:
months, and posibly a third there
While the whole program is sub
ject to revision, it is understood tha
officials also are seriously considering
the advisability of collecting the pro
ceeds of the first issue in instalmente
thirty days apart and lasting over f
period of from four to six monthe
Should the first issue be $2,000,000,
000, and the instalment feature b
adopted, it is likely that subscrib
ers will be given four months in whici
to pay for the bonds. This woul
bring revenue into' the treasury a
the rate of $500,000,000 a month, am
pie, it is believed, from preliminar;
estimates, to meet the needs of th.
Allies and this country, until th(
new taxation measure should begin tc
The First Issue.
Indications are that the first issu,
will be divided among Great Britain
France, Russia and Italy, and tha
some portion of it will be reserve(
for American military needs, the big
proportion, however, going to th
In this conection, it was pointe
out tonight, that virtually the entir
loan to the Allies will be spent i1
this country for foodstuffs, munition
and other supplies.
Needs for the Allies.
The entire proceeds of the first is
sue of bonds, it is thought, will no
be needed in one lump sum for th<
establishment of credits to the Allie
here nor for the military needs of th<
United States. Estimates place th<
total of such needs-for the loans ti
the Allies and for the American mili
tary and naval establishments-a
from $360,000,000 a month for th(
next few months, the higher figure
being the sum which the governmen
would receive monthly in subscrip
tions to the issue, should the instal
ment feature be adopted.
These and other suggestions wil
be discussed in conference tomorrov
among Secretary McAdoo and Feder
al Reserve Board officials and Lor<
Cunliffe, of the British commission
To Hear Comissioners.
In finally determining the amoun
of the first bond issue the governmen
vfjill be guided largely by what thu
representatives of the chief Entent
governments indicate as their press
ing needs. Italy, it is said, is espec
ially desirous of being among thu
first considered as her needs are uin
dlerstood to be pressing at the mo
Subscriptions to the first offerini
made under the $7,000,000,000 mecas
ure-$200,000,000 in treasury certifi.
cates of indebtedness expiring Jun
3-have pasedl the $25,000,000 mark
resulting in a decision by Secretarl
McAdoo, announced today, to in,
crease the issue to $250,000,000. Pro.
ceeds will be called for tomorrow
Subscription books were closed eat 1(
a. m. today by the federal reserv<
Washington, April 23.-The, wai
dlepartment tonight completed a cen
sus of the most eminent electrical
and mechanical exports of the United
States, capable and available for per.
forming immediate duty in the army,
John J. Carty, chief engineer of the
American Telephone and Telegrapli
Company, was the first to be ordered
into active service In the army signal
corps. Mr. Carty was today given the
rank of major. Hie will be put in
charge of a field section of the signal
corps. By responding to the call of
the country he accepts an annual sal
ary of $4,000, dbout oi~e-twentieth the
amount he is said to be receiving in
DEAD WITH PJSTOL IN HAND
Memphis Man Believed to Have Acci
dentally Shot -Himself.
Memphis, Tenn., April 23.-The
body of Thomas Dies, former city
commissioner and for twenty years
prominent in Memphis political cir
cles, was found here today, on the
floor of a laundry which he had ope
rated. A pistol still was held in one
According to the police, the indica
tions were that Dies accidentally shot
himself while cleaning the weapon.
NITRATES AT COST TO
Washington, April 23.-President
Wilson today gave his approval of
the plan of Senator E. D. Smith, of
South Carolina, to use the shipping
facilities of the government to secure
nitrates for the farmers at cost dur
ing the war with Germany. The
South Carolina senator had an ex
tended interview with the president
and called his attention to the fact
that the resolution which he introduc
ed empowering the shipping board to
use government vessels to bring ni
trates from Latin-American countries
was on the calendar and could be
called up at any time. They agreed
that a section of the urgent deficiency
bill setting aside $100,000,000 "for
the national defense and security of
the nation" gave the president am
ple authority to bring nitrates to this
country without senatorial action,
and the president assured Senator
Smith that everything possible was
being done to secure nitrates for the
farmers at cost and that should it
be found that the president did not
have this authority he would urge
the passage of Senator Smith's reso
TO CONFER TITLE AND
POSSESSION OF SHIPS
'Washington, April 23.-A joint rts
olution authorizing the President to
confer title and possession of seized
German and Austrian merchant ships
was introduced in the House and Sen
ate today. They were referred to the
judiciary committee of the two houses.
The shipping board would be empow
eredu to charter, lease or operate such
ships either in the service of the
United States or in commerce. Prop
erty rights in the vessels would be
determined at the end of the war.
MAY HANDLE BONDS
Washington, April 23.-H. L. Stu
art, of Chicago, headed a delegation
of members of the Investment Bank
ers' Association of America, in a call
today on Secretary of the Treasury
l McAdoo and discussed informally war
It was suggested to the secretary
that these investment banks could be
of much aid in selling bonds for the
government .as well as in themselves
subscribiny to many millions of (101
lars' worth of the securities.
The bankers feel that the tax-bond
program should be placed on the basis
of three-quarters in bonds to one
quarter in taxes.
SECOND) ANNUAL MEETING
Jordan Circuit Wesley Bible Class
Will be held in the Jordan Metho
dist Episcopal Church, M'ay 6th, 1917.
11:00-Devotional Service. Rev.
W. 0. Henderson.
11 :15-"Model Bible Readers," Dr.
W. C. Currell.
12:00-Song by Children. "Jordan
12:30-Addiress. Rev. F. H. Shuler.
1 :00-Appointment of Committees.
3:00-Devotional ServIce. Rev. J.
3:15-Song by Children. "Bethle
3 :20"The Dynamics of the Organ
ized Class" Rev. W. C. Owens, I~'ield
4:00-Song by Children "Union
Choir." - '
4 :05-Address. Dr. -R S. Trues
4:50-Report of Committees.
Notice-A basket .dinner will be
served on the church grounds.
IMPORTANT GAINS MADE BY
Biggest Gains Are on Wide
Cambrai Road-St. Qu
While continuing to deliver hard
blows upon the German lines in the
Scarpe river region, east of Arras,
where their offensive was resumed
yesterday, the British have pushed
home a telling thrust in another sec
tor of the great battlefield. Striking
south of the Bapaume-Cambrai road,
Gen. Haig's forces gained ground last
night along a wide front. Of great
est moment, however, was the suc
cess of the drive in regard to the
important waterway between St.
Quentin and Cambrai, the St. Quen
tin canal. The canal was cut at a
point east of Epehy, near Vandhuille.
In reaching it here the British press
ed to within approximately two miles
of Le Catelet, a railway junction
point on the canal to the south to
wards St. Quentin.
Pushing along the Perronne-Cam
brai railway further north, Gen.
Haig's troops captured the villages of
Beaucamp and Villers-Plouich, which
places are a bare three miles from
Marcoing, another important railway
center 3 1-2 miles southwest of Cam
On the main line of the Arras bat
tlefrone extending 12 miles from Croi
selles to north of Gavrelle, the Brit
ish have not .only maintained their
position against the desperate coun
ter attacks the Garmans are deliver
ing in effort to stem the tide against
them at this vital spot, but have made
additional progress east of Monchy
Le-Preux and near Roeux.
The solid nature of the British
gains, despite the violent German ef
forts to nullify them, is shown in the
report of another particularly heavy
counter attack delivered this morn
ing on the village of Gavrelle, on the
ArrasDouai road, captured yesterday,
which the British successfully with
stood. All the German counter
strokes were delivered "with great de
termination and regardless of losses,"
says the British report.
Howitzers at Disadvantage.
The semi-open character of the
fighting affords little opporttunity for
the use of the great howitzers, these
monstrous engines of destruction be
ing best adapted for the smashing
of permanent defenses.
The battle is being waged largely
with machine guns and field artill
ery, and the meager reports from the
fighting line indicate heavy losses on
both sides, although the British claim
that their casualties are moderate
compared with those of the enemy.
French Getting Ready.
Along the Aisne and in the Cham
pagne, the French are playing their
part in the great battle by keeping
up a heavy artillery fire while pre
paring for their next infantry move.
Incidentally, in local operations they
improvedl their positionsl at some
points, notably on the Chemin Des
In Mesopotamia, the British are
continuing their victorious progress
up Tigris valley. After fighting a
hot battle with the Turks south of
Samara, 70 miles northwest of Bag
dad, they occupied Samara station,
making important captures, including
16 locomotives andl 224 railway
trucks. The pursuit of the Turks is
being continued northward, on the
Sofia rep~orts the rep~ulse by the
Bulgarians of a British attack in
Macedonia, between the Vardaran
Lake Doiran, wvhich followed drum
British Occupy Sanmara.
London, April 24.-The Turks in
Mesopotamia have been driven from
their position between Samara and
Istabilat, the war office announces.
The British pursuing occupied Sama
ra station yesterdlay, capturing six
teen locomotives andl 224 railway
French Artillery Busy.
Paris, April 24.-The artillery wvas
very activ' last night in the vicinity
of IRurtebise in the Foulon valley and
near'Craonne, says today's official an-i
nouncement. French patrols took
MINED GERMAN RESISTANCE
Front South of Bapaume
entin Canal p;ut at Vital
ers by Germans Yield Only
Two German attacks during the
night were repulsed. In the Chain
pagne there was grenade fighting.
The statement follows:
"In the region of St. Quentin and
the Oise our artillery directed an ef
fective counter fire at German batter
ies. Our patrols were very active
bringing back prisoners. Two German
reconnoitering parties which attempt
ed to approach our lines near Van
court were repulsed with heavy losses.
"Violent artillery fighting occurred
in the region of Hurtebise, in the
Foulon valley and near Craonne. We
were able to make progress and im
prove our positions on the plateau of
the Chemin-Des-Dames, and near Ju
vincourt we captured a German post.
Two German surprise attacks north
east of Rheims were repulsed. We
."In the Champagne there was gren
ade fighting (luring which we took
prisoners. We directed with success
a bombardment against the enemy's
lines of communication. Near Epar
ges one of our reconnoitering parties
penetrated the German lines and
brought back prisoners, after destroy
ing several shelters.
"There is nothing to report from
the remainder of the front.
Bulgars Repel British.
Sofia, April 24. (Via London).-A
period of drum fire on the Macedon
ian front between the Vardar and
Lake Doiran yesterday was followed
by a British attack which was repuls
ed, says a war office statement today
The announcement read:
"All day Monday our positions be
tween the Vardar and Lake Doirar
were subjected to violent artillery firt
which at times attained the intensity
of drum fire. In the evening British
infantry units advanced but were
Over 1,500 Germans Taken.
London, April 24.-The British
gained ground on 'a wide front last
night south of the Bapaume-Cambrai
road. They reached the St. Quentir
canAl at one point. Farther north
the villages of Beaucamp and Viller
Plouich were captured.
More than 1,500 prisoners werc
taken in yesterd ''s operations and
many more are coi sing in.
The positions gained on the French
front yesterday, says the official
statement today, were maintained
and further progress was made east
of Monchy and near Royeux.
The statement follows:
"Severe fighting continued yester
(lay evening and at intervals dluring
the night on our whole front from
Croiselles to the north of G;avelle,
The enemy constantly r-epeated his
unsucc-essful counter attacks with
gr-eat (determ ination and regar-dless
"The positions gainedl by us yes
terdlay and already reported have
been maintainedl. Further- progress
has been made east of Monchby-Ye
Preux andl in the neighborhoodl of
Roeux. A particularly violent coun
ter attack dleliveredl by the enemy
early this morning against the vil
lage of Gavelle wvas successfullly
"The number of prisoners wvhich
passed through collecting stations as
a result of yesterdoy'a operations al
ready exceed 1,500, including thirty
officers, Many more are still to come
"South of the Bapaume-Cambrai
roadl we gainedl ground (luring the
night on a widle front east of Epehy
and reachedl the St. Quentin canal in
the neighborhood of Vendhuille. Fur
thier north the villages of Villers
P~louich and Beaucamp have been cap
Lured by us, together wvith a num
ber of prisoners "
BATTLESHIP BLOWN UP.
Amsterdam, April 23 (Monday).
4 German battleship Is believed to
anve been blown up in the big naval
ort of Wilhelmshaven. The Nieuwve
Rotterdamcho Courant learns that a
~errifle explosion occurred in the port
ast Friday. The shock was felt many
Their Behavior in Danger Was
Quite Different From
London, April 22.-The story of the
sinking of the hospital ship Lanfrance
will rank with the undying histories
'of the Birkenhead and Tyndareus, ac
cording to a British officer. The Brit
ish soldiers stood at attention while
the ship was slowly sinking beneath
them. Their conduct was in marked
contrast to that of the Prussian
guardsmen on board, who in the mo
ment of danger, rushed for the life
"The Lanfrance was attacked by a
submarine about 7:30 o'clock Tuesday
evening," said the officer. "The crash
shook the liner violently. Within a
few minutes the engines stopped and
the vessel seemed to be sinking rap
idly, but to our surprise she steadied
herself and after a while remained
motionless. We had aboard prisoners
of the Prussian Guard and many Brit
ish wounded, including some serious
"The moment the torpedo struck
the Prussians made a mad dash for
the life boats. When they were or
dered to await their turn many show
ed cowardice by dropping on their
knees and imploring pity.
"The crew and staff went to their
posts. The stretcher cases were low
ered first to the boats. Meanwhile,
in response to distress calls, many
vessels came hurrying to our assist
ance. Even while wounded and help
less Tommies lay unaided in their
cots, the cowardly prisoners made an
other attempt and managed to crowd
into a life boat, which, however, top
pled over directly as it was lowered.
Then they fought with each other to
reach another boat containing some
"I shall never forget the behavior
of our own lads. They tried to stand
at attention, crippled as they were,
while the graver cases vere being
looked after. The crew and staff re
mained at their posts until the last
man was taken off.
SUPIORTING UNCLE SAM
Great Celebration Held in Capital
Buenos Aires, April 22.-Enthusi
astic demonst ations were held here
today in sup ort of the cause of the
United States and the Entente Allies
in the war. One hundred thousand
persons carrying flags marched
through the streets singing the Mar
seillaise and shouting for the United
States, France and the other Allies.
Women threw flowers upon the pa
raders from the balconies.
A great mass meeting was held
which was addressed by various
speakers, and a resolutioa was adopt
ed protesting against the violation of
the rights of nations by the Germans
in sinking steamers and expressing
complete harmony with the attitude
of the United States and Brazil, sym
pathy with the Allies and gratifica
tion at the triumph of the Russian
A (denmonstration also was hel last
evening in which 40,000 persons took
part. There were shouts for war and
.heers for the Unitedl States, F'rance,
the Allies and the Argentine army
andl government. TJhe crowd sang the
Argentine national hymn, the Ameri.
can national authenm and the Marseil
Towvard midnight several groups as
sembled in front of the newspapers
supporting Germany. One small
group madle a preteckse of organiz
ing a manifestation, but was dispers
ed by the police.
New York, April 23.-Newspaper
editors and publishers from every
part of the United States gathered
today at the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria
for the annual convention of the
A merican Newspa per Publishers' As
sociation. The first (lay of the con
vention started wyith executive com
mittee meetings. Syndicates and
printing machine firms arranged ex
hibits in the hotel.
Anti Parade Stopped.
Buenos Aires, April 22.-An anti
paradle which started after a pro-ally
demonstration this afternoon here
was broken up by the police who
feared a repetition of last week's de
struction of German property.
First District Representative Gives
Reasons for Now Supporting
NICHOLS FOR VOLUNTEER
Ragsdale Certain and Lever Likely
to Vote for Administration
Washington, April 24.-Congress-.
man Richard S. Whaley, who ten days
ago expressed himself here as op
posed to the administration conscrip
tion plan of raising the army to war
size, has decided to support the con
scription after all, with a local unit
amendment. Mr. Whaley said today:
"Just before leaving my district to
attend the extra session I gave out
an interview stating I was in favor
of compulsory military training. But
at that time I had not made up my
mind on the question of universal
liability to military service.
"By the declaration of war Con
gress authorizes the President to em
ploy the entire military and naval
forces of the country and pledges the
resources of the country for a suc
cessful prosecution of the war. He
is commander-in-chief the army and
navy, and on military and naval mat
ters he must rely upon the advices
of military and naval authorities dur
ing the war. le comes to Congress
and says that the most effective way
to prosecute the war is to raise an
army by selective conscription. It is
my duty to back him up in this emer
gency. The selective conscription is
fair and democratic, without favor or
partiality; the rich and the poor, the
industrious as well as the indolent,
must respond to their country's call
in this emergency; and those whose
special qualifications can serve their
country in producing foodstuffs and
industrial establishments that will
promote the safety and general wel
fare of the nation will not be affected.
"I shall, therefore, support and vote
for the equal service bill desired by
the President, with the amendment
providing for the local unit feature,
which I understand he is willing to
Nichols for Dent Bill.
Representative Sam J. Nichols, of'
Spartanburg, who is a member of the
committee on military affairs, was
one of the speakers today in favor of
the Dent bill and the volunteer prin
ciple. le made a good argument:
from his point of view and was con
siderably applauded, particularly in a
colloquy with Congressman Gardener,.
The local unit compromise is the
bridge on which many Congress men
and Senators are getting over to ac
ceptance of the conscription principle.
Mr. Lever may vote for it, making
three aflirmative South Carol in votes
in the iiOUSe'.
EN(;l.lSH WIL. GE'T
British Will Recoup Coffers With
A merican War Loans. Re
lief in Sight.
-Washington, April 23.--IEgla nd's
big loans to Russia, F~rance and oth
ers of her allies in the European war
have so far depletedl her normally
enormous resources that inmedi ate
relief from the overflowIng colffers of
the United States is necessary, it was
kearnedl here today. Announcement
that a loan will he made to Great
Britain wvas especially surprising ini
viewv of the fact that up to today it
had generally been accepted th:'
that England's financial position was
sufficiently secure to obviate any nie
cessity for financial aid by the United
GvERMANS IN BRAZIl,
WILL GO 'TO SP.\lN
Rio D~e .Janeiro, April 23.-- -l err
Paul i, the German ambassadlor, and
German consular agents, handed their
passp~orts b~y the Brazil inn govern
ment, will go to Spain and not to
Chile, as previously planned. This was
announced officially tonight. The
Brazilian government originally of
fered to bring the German represen
tativ'es to a Scandinavian p~ort in a
Brazilian warship. This plan was
given up when Germany failed to
guarantee safe nasae of the vneel.