Newspaper Page Text
XXXVI MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY,
VOL t16, 1917.
DEBATE ON WAI TAX
BILL CLOSED YESTERDAY
AFTER LONG DISCUSSION
Flood of Proposed Changes Probably
Will Be Offered to Revenue
GENERAL DEBATE ENDED
Attacks Yesterday Centered Largely
Upon Second Class Mail Matter
Washington, May 15.-General de
bate on the $1,800,000,000 war reve
nue bill closed tonight after five days
of discussion and Democratic Leader
Kitchin predicted a final vote would
be reached some time Saturday.
The bill will be open to amendment
under the five-minute speech rple and
a flood of- proposed changes probably
will be offered.
Vigorous fights will be made
against the excess profits, income and
automobile taxes and the proposed in
crease rates on second class mail.
Postal Rate Increase.
Debate on the measure again today
centered largely upon the second
class mail matter section. Represen
tatives Johnson of North Dakota,
Mondell of Wyoming and Young of
North Dakota, spoke against the pro
posal, declaring it unfair to publishers
generally. Representative Johnson
4 proposed a substitute plan to tax
newspapers a flat rate of five per
cent on their advertising returns.
Representative Young said that if
the government would pay for the
free advertising given by newspapers
the papers could afford to pay first
class mail rates.
Says It Is Inequitable.
Representative Lunn of New York
ashailed the bill as inequitable, par
ticularly in regard to the excess pro
fits tax section.
Public hearing on the war revenue
bill before the Senate finance commit
tee were concluded with statements
by the- list of more than one hundred
representatives of industries heard
Nearly all of the witnesses agreed
that they were willing to assist the
government in every way possible,
even to surrendering their entire prof
its, but objected to the rates in the
bill as confiscatory and ruinous. To
day's session were devoted largely to
further hearing of the protests of
newspaper and periodical publishers
against the proposed increase in sec
ond class mail rates and the tax on
Says Amount is Excessive.
A delegation of New York and Chi
cago business men, headed by Sol
Wexler, protested that the amount
proposed to be raised from taxation
was excessive and called attention to
the depression in business which fol
lowed introduction of the bill in Con
Mr. Wexler urged that the Inter
state Commerce Commission be per
mittedi to grant all public utilities
under its control an increase in rates
equal to 30 per cent of their present
gross receipts and that out of this
increase they be requiredl to pay to
the government 10 per cent of~ their
gross receipts, thus leaving a net in
crease of 17 per cent.
Amos Pinchot, representing an or
ga'nization known as the American
committee of wvar finance, saidl many
organizations, including farmers and
the United Mine Workers, had en
dlorsedl the committee's re'solution pro
vidling that the war should be financed
from receipts of the income tax.
A. 0. Adams, speaking for coffee
importers andi grocers of New York
andl Newv Orleans, explainedl that no
effort was being made to evade the
tax on this import. Hie recommended,
however, that substitutes for coffee
be included in the tax proposal.
- Pirint Paper Tax.
Frank P. Glass, chairman of the
paper committee 'of the American
Newspaper Publishers' Association,
andl George McEnery, of the -New
York Times, were recalled when the
committee took lip the section levying
a 10 per cent tax on print paper.
"Under your direction," said Mr.
Glass, the Federal Trade Commission
spent months in an exhaustive inves
tigation of the conditions of the print
paper manufacture in this country.
That body hali only recently made a
report to the Congress declaring that
there was a combination among man
ufacturers, establishing the fact that
there were abnormal profits in that
FRANCE HAS LOST
Number of Merchantmen Sunk' b3
German Submarines to
Paris, May 14.-Seventeen Frenci
merchantmen were sunk by Germar
submarines during February, Marel
and April, acording to an oflicia
statement issued today. During the
same period nine French vessels wer<
attacked by underwater craft, bul
made their escape. No armed mer.
'chantmen have fallen prey to the U.
boats. The statement says:
"Statistics for the first three
mhnths of Germany's unrestrictec
submarine campaign so far as the3
concern the French merchant marine
show the followin gresults:
"February, sunk, 4; attached ant
"March, sunk, 5; attached and es.
"April, sunk, 8; attacked and es.
"Armed merchantmen have ir
every case escaped from submarines
"During this period French patro
boats have had twelve engagemenih
with submarines. French hydroaero,
planes have fought them thirteer
times and there have been sixteen en.
gagements between armed merchant.
men and submarines."
MIG COTTON SALE
Sumter Buyer Purchases Seven Hun.
dred and Fifteen Bales from Man.
Mr. P. G. Bowman, the local cot
ton buyer, who has this spring mad<
a record as the purchaser of big lots
of cotton, on Manday closed anothei
big deal when he bought 715 bales of
cotton from the Levi Mercantile Co
of Manning. The price paid was 1I
5-8, basis middling. The sale was
made to Mr. Bowman in competitior
with cotton buyers on several other
markets, as he was in a position t<
pay the top of the market and offer
ed a better price than any of his
competitors. Sumter is generally th(
best cotton market in the State.
HAVE ENOUGH GUNS
FOR MILLION MEN
Washington, May 15.-America has
rifles and ammunition for an army ol
a million men. Her army will ust
the Enfield rifle, which is used ir
England but modified to take the
This was announced today by Frank
A. Scott, chairman of the general mu.
nitions board of the council of na.
tional defense. Moreover Mr. Scoti
said the country would be able to sup.
ply the men with rifles as fast as
they are enlisted and put into the
REP'OR'T VILLA RI)
WILL BE CALLEI
Washington, May 15.---Rumors thai
Ambassador Willard wvas to be re
called, andl that his successor as am.
bassador to Spain already had beer
selected by President Wilson wvere de.
uied this afternoon by Secretary o1
IS KILLED) IN FAL!
Columbus, N. M., May 15.-Firs1
Lieutenant Melchoir Eberts, of th(
first aero sqjuadlron, wvas so badly in,
juredl that he dlied1 later in the hos.
pital, andl Captain James L. Luns.
wvorth, of the first aero squadron, wau
seriously hurt wvhen their aeroplan(
crashedl to earth here today.
trade and that the newspapers of the
country were olpressedl as a result.
"Now comes the provision of th(
Hlouse bill to include print paper and
the raw materials out of which it is
to be madle in the schedule for the
horizontal tariff of 10 per cent on al
imported materials. I respectfui
submit that this prop~osal is inconsis.
tent with the facts oflicially dleclare(
by two arms of the government, grow.
ing directly out of your own initia.
"During the last eighteen months
all publishers in tho United States
have been sorely tried by increasing
cost of all materials and labors."
Mr, McEnery said the New Yorlk
newspapers were prepared to advanct
their price to 2 cetsts itflecesary, as
has been in Pittsburg, Chicago Phil
adelphia qnd many other cities.
HONOR ROIL OF
DAVIS STATION SCHOOL
For eighth month ending'May 11th.
Requirements: A minimum of 90
per cent on lessons, 95 per cent on
Viola 'Barrineau ----..93 95
Ansel Corbette ----- ..-- 90 95
Elise Chewning -- -- ---- 91 95
Abram Rawlinson -- -- 90 95
Sadie Richbourg -----..90 9.6
Cora May Rawlinson .. 91 96
Aline Childers ---- -- 90 95
Albert Barrineau . -- . -90 98
Luella Horton ......-..90 100
Clara Belle Richbourg -. 90 98
Other grades unrepresented.
Present Every Day.
1st grade-Viola Barrineau, Virgie
Blackwell, Ansel Corbette, Arthur
Shorter, Louis Thames.
Advanced 1st grade-Martha Brad
2nd grade-Elise Chewning, Abram
Rawlinson, Carson Thames.
3rd grade-Willie Blackwell, Dock
Bradham, Aline Childers, (fora May
'Rawlinson, Rufus Shorter:
& h grade--Albert arrineau, Hugh
Bru son, Wash arfield, Tommy
5th grade-Edith Stukes, Luella
6th grade Ruth Ward.
10th grade Pauline Childers, Alti
cus Richbourg, Mary Richbourg, Les
Miss Helen E. Malone,
Mrs. R. E. Broadway,
Mrs. Helen C. Chewning,
BIG SHIPBUILDING PLANT
To lie Established Near City of New
New Orleans, May 15.--Establish
ment of a large shipbuilding plant on
Lake Ponchartrain, near New Or
leans, to construct wooden vessels for
the government, and be under govern
ment control, was announced here to
day by Walter C. Keenan, a naval
architect, who has just returned from
Washington. Mr. Keenan stated the
new company has been awarded con
tracts for $2,500,000 for construction
of six wooden steamers for the gov
ernment and the preliminary work
on the plant is under way. Several
prominent business men of this city
were reported to be interested in the
BOWERY WANTS TO
iIEAl' BROTHER BILLY
New York, May 15.---They want
Billy Sunday on the Bowery. "Jimmy"
Kelly, gang leader, is willing to hire a
hall for the evangelist to come down
andl preach a "booze" sermon to those
of the underworld.
Mr. Editor the wvriter has been
slightly indisposed with grippe and
these are the remnedies that were
F'irst Friend: Feeling run dlown),
. h ? Nowv take my advice-.tie a boiled
onion between your eyes, its the only
thing that will cure you.
Second Friend: My boy, wvhat you
want to do is p~ut a cold poker down
your back under your shirt and paint
your arm with lamp black, its the
only l'emedly that's any goodl.
Third Ihriend: Oh! I knowv what's
wvrong my boy. My mother said sun
flowers tied around the waist and a
lump of butter on the head were the
best things in the world for it.
Fourth Friend: In all my experi
ence I never knewv orange peel wrap
ped around the knee to fail to cure
wife. Yes dear, all these things may
be goodl, but there is nothing like
this tonic my grandlmother used to
make of vinegar, sulphur, behizine,
sugar, zinc rust arid cob webs.I
have' gotter over the grippe Mr. Edi
tor,' but after using all these reme
(lies I will never look the same.
Mr. Van Dullose of Sareinia blew
into Gable for a few hours yesterday.
Mr. and Mrs. R. D. McFaddin have
returned from their honey moon trip
They took in several point s ofnter
THE NEW STATE
We have had several requests to 1
publish something relative to the new
tax, on automobiles which goes into
effect. July 1st. From the informa
tion w have gained the car owner
pays 1 1-2 cents per horsepower, the %
same being based on the insurance 5
horsepower, until Jan. 1st, 1918,- c
this being only a six-months tax. I
After Jan. 1st the tax will be 25 1
cents per insurance horsepower. Be- I
low is a list of cars used . in this a
county, with their advertised horse
power and their insurance horse- t
Adv. Ins. e
H. P. H.. P.
Allen -- -- -- --- --- 37 22 i
Brisoe - ------- 24 16 r
Buick-4 cyl. ----------18 18
Buick-6 cyl. ------- 25 25
Chalmers -------..-...45 25 f
Chevrolet-4 cyl. -----..21 22 1
Chevrolet-8 cyl. ---....36 34 t
Cole-8 cyl. --------..-70 39
Cole-6 cyl. ----..-....43 43
Dodge __-- - ..-.._-35 24
Ford -- - -- --. --20 22
Franklin - -- -- -- -- 25 25 t
Grant ------..----..33 22
Hudson-6 cyl. ---..-..40 29 t
Lexington --------..-..40 25
Lexington -----..-..-..60 41
Maxwell ------.....-25 20
Mitchell ---..-- -._48 29
Metz- -- - -- -- 22 22
Oakland-6 cyl. -----..-32 19
Oakland-6 cyl. -......38 20 i
Overland - - _- .-- --. 31 18
Overland ------- ...-25 27
Paige -- .- _.._46 29
Paige -- - -- -- -- -- 38 23
Reo _- -- -- -- -- -- 45 30 t
Saxon -------..----..-15 121
Saxon-6 cyl. _.-_...._.30 24
Studebaker-4 cyl. -- - 40 24 1
Studebaker-6 cyl. . - 50 36
HEAVY FIRING OFF
CAPES OF VIRGINIA
Norfolk, Va., May 15.-Heavy fir
ing was heard along the Virginia l
coast tonight. At Virginia Beach and
other places houses were shaken, win
dows rattled and inhabitants startled.
ORGANIZE REI) CROSS
New York, May 15.-Announcement
was made today that the business
women of Wall street have organiz
ed a Wall street auxiliary for Red
CITY WILL INVESTIGA TE.
New Orleans, May 15.-Coincident t
with the announcement that 105 of
the 110 bakeries in this city have de- 1
cided to adopt the ten-cent loaf of I
reduced weight after Thursday and
abolish the five-cent loaf, City Com
missioner Harold Newman stated to
day that the municipality tomorrow
will begin a public investigation to i
determine whether the proposed in- I
crease in the cost of bread is justified.
The investigation was reuested by a
committee from thirty labor organ i
zations representing about 20,000
members, who protested against the
proposed increase in bread prices. t
est ar oundl Wa~shington, andi Ncew
Mr. C. P. Gable left yesterday af
ternoon for a trip to New Orleans.
Mr. Guy Osborne spent Sunday
rusticating aroundl Gable.
Among the recent arrivals are Mr.
Sheppard and Mr. Hlolmes. They are
consigned to the Chris tal Store. WeI
Mr. H1. II. Garland of Sardiniai was
a visitor here on Tuesday.
T1he Hion. .John Epps of dlown the
road was heard talking in Gable all
dlay Truesday. Hope John will come I
back soon as we like to hear him
expound the news.
A fter a long spell of illness Mr. I
E. S. Groom can be found back on the<
job pouring it in the big Reo at the
rate of 40 miles per hour.
Mr. Clayton Hinds and bride spent
the day here on Sunday with his
Judge T. Heywardl Mckaddlin was
seen on the street this morning withi
200 pounds of law books.
Judge Ed Fleming wvas on profes-.
sional business at Gable Tuesday. We
arg always glad to see the judge.
Dlr. W. H. Woods is still with us<
giving medical advice and pulling
teeth and 10 spots. t
Bud Rose. e
,AMAR TELLS HOW
HE GOT THE MONEY
Ilso Reviews Opening of Anti-Muni
tions Campaign Engineered by
New York, May 14.-David Lamar,
idely known as the "Wolf of Wall
treet," testified today that the plans
ut of which grew Labor's National
eace Council were first discussed by
im with the Rev. Dr. Thomas C.
[all, a New York clergyman, through
vhom he met Capt. Franz Rintelin,
f the German navy, who gave him
he money to start an anti-munition
raffic campaign. Lamar, Rintelen
nd five others are on trial charged
ith using the council in a conspiracy
a 1915 to wreck the Entente Allies'
Lamar said he went to Indianapolis
with Henry B. Martin, one of the de
endants, lfter he received the Ger
man's money and that Martin got in
ouch with former Representatives II.
tobert Fowler and Frank Buchanan,
lso defendants. Martin told him, La
mar testified, that both these men de
iounced the "munitions trust" and
hat "Buchanan took a very advanced
>osition and would go to any lengths
o keep this country out of the war."
Lamar said that in his conversa
ions with Dr. Hall, who he said, was
ormerly at the Union Theological
seminary here and also a professor
it Columbia University, but now is
n Germany, he outlined what he said
vere his own activities in bringing
Lbout investigations of the New Ha
ren Railroad, "the money trust" and
he "steel trust," and his plans to at
ack "the capitalistic interests con
rolling the munitions trust."
"le endorsed my plans to get the
natter before organized labor and
armers in order to produce such a
onsensus of opinion as to bring great
ressure to bear on the President and
ongress, first to embargo munitions
xports, and secondly, to abolish pri
ate munitions manufacturers and to
nake a government monopoly of the
ndustry," Lamar said.
"If our demand was not met, it was
ur hope that ultimately labor would
trike. But never by any word, act
r suggestion did I atrempt to bring
m strikes by bribing labor leaders or
otherwise. Our function ended with
aying the facts befc :e the country."
RAIN DEALERS TO
Chicago, May 15.-The leading
rain traders of the country took
tops late this afternoon to co-ope
ate actively with the government
o keep down the price of foodstuffs.
Representatives of the largest
Boards of trade in the country ap
iointedi a special conmittee to go to
Vashington to confer and co-operate
vith government officials. This action
vas taken after the grain traders had
'oted to bar gambling in foodstuffs
n all grain pits in the United States
or an indefinite period.
- ----A0 -
ENATO'(RS INSISTI ON
'Washington, May 15.-Dlry legisla
ion during the~ war is still th(e aim
fsome senators. TIhe' Cunmmins
mendlment prohibiting the use' or
~rain for the manufac'ture of liquor
vas knocked out of the senate bill.
lut a group of senators are fraiming
nother measure which may take the
>lace of the amendment. Senator
Tummins is included in this group,
md the others are Senators Gore,
surtis, Gronna and Kenyon. All art'
irohibition adlvocates, esp(cially dur
ng wvar times.
IO'TEL. GIVES P'OTlATIO
Appleton, Wis., May 1~>.-Another
tep towvardl conservation of foods was
>rojected here when E. WV. Draper, (of
he Sherman H ouse, in conjunct ion
vith several other hotel men, entered
nito a contract to supply farmers of
he county with the eyes of p)otatoes
utt from "sp~uds" used at the hotels.
Phese eyes will be uised for seeds.
NEWVS PRIINTi P'AP'ER HILL
Washington, May 14.--News print
aper would be (declared a p~ublic util
ty and the Federal Trade Commis..
ion would b~e authorizedl to fix its
naximum price by a bill introdued~
odlay by Senator Robinson, of Arkan
as, who dleclared the print paper in
"Unless some relief is obtainedl
housands of publishers will be driven
ut of business," ad he.
STIRRING TALK TO
Believes Working Men Will Make
Any Sacrifice Necessary to
SAYS KEEP UP STANDARI)
Would Deplore the Setting Aside
of Any Law Which Safeguards
Washington, May 15.-A delegation
of labor leaders here for conferences
with the British labor envoys were
told by President Wilson at the White
House today that he considered that
"nohting would be more deplorable"
than any movement in the present
crisis to set aside temporarily the
laws which safeguard standards of
"I do not doubt," said the President,
"that any body of men representing
labor will be willing to make any
sacrifice that is necesasry to carry
this contest to a successful issue and
in this confidence I feel that it would
be inexcusable if we deprived men
and women of such a spirit of any of
the existing safeguards of the law."
In the delegation were about 150
labor Gompers and his associates on
the labor committee of the National
In addressing the labor delegates
the President said:
"This is a most welcome visit be
cause it means a most welcome thing,
the spontaneous coperation of men
from all walks in life interested to
see that we do not forget any of the
principles of our lives in meeting the
great emergency that has come upon
"Mr. Gom 1ers has expressed al
ready one of the things that have
been very much in mind of late. I
have been very much alarmed at one
or two things that have happened at
the apparent inclination of the legis
latures of one or two of our states to
set aside even temporarily the laws
which have safeguarded standards of
labor and of life. I think nothing of
men representing labor in this coun
try speaking for their fellows will be
willing to make any sacrifice that is
necessary in order to carry this con
test to a successful issue and in that
confidence I feel that itwould be in
excusable if we deprived men and
women of such a spirit of any of the
existing safeguards of law. There
fore, I shall exercise my influence so
far as it goes to see that that does
not happen and that the sacrifices
we sholl make shall be made volun
tarily and not under the compulsion
which mistakenly is interpreted t,)
mean a lowering of the standard
which we have sought through ,
many generations to bring to ther
Approves Comper's iStatement.
"*. Gompers has not overstte I
the case in sayinig that we are fight
ing for democratcy in at larger sense
than can be expresed in any polit ical
term. There are manyv forms of dem
,era t ic go~vern ment and we are not
fighting for any pati culari tormn, but
we are fighting for the essential par-t
of it. all, namely, that we aire atl
eqtuallIy inte'rest ed in our soc ial atnd'
political life and all hatve a right ,
at voice in th(e government utnder
wvhich we' live and' that when mnan ~ti
wvomean are- eqattlly aditvitted to thosa
rights we have the hest sitfegua rd o
justice and tof peiace that the' world
affords. Tlherte is no otheri sa fe ua rO.
Let. any gr-oupl of m'en, whatever- then
or-iginal intentions, atempt to tdictaIt'
to their fellow men what th(eiri pol iti
cal fortunes shall he ami the r-esu~t
is injust ic( anti hardish ip a nd w ron
of the deepest sort. Tlher-efore w,
atre just now feeling as we have never
felt before otut of a sense of comtrad
ship. We shall feel it even morec be
cause we have not yet made the satc
rifices that we are- going wo make;
wve have not yet felt the terrible pr-es
sure of suffering and pain of war ant
wve are going prese'ntly to feel it atn i
I have every confidence that as its
pressure' comes upon01 our spit-it wvil
not falter buit rise atnd he strength.
ened and that in the fast we shall
have a national feeling and a national
unity such as never gladdlenedl our
$5,000,000 FOR JOHN.
New York, May 15.-John D. Rock
efeller today subscribedl $5,000,000 to
the Liberty LTan.