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VCOL. xxx'vii. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY,' MAY 80, 1917.N.2
UNABLE TO STOP
Powerful Counter-Attacks Against
Cardona's Army to Check Ad
vance on Trieste Prove Futile
RUSSIAN ARMY WAKING UP
Tuesday Passes in Relative Calm on
Both British and French Fronts In
France. U-Boats Active.
On the southern end of the line
near the head of the Gulf of Trieste,
in the Austro-Italian theater, the Ital
ians for the moment have paused in
their titanic effort to push forward
to Trieste and heavy fighting again is
in progress to the north around Gor
izia, Plava and the Vodice. East of
Gorizia and on the Vodice the Aus
trians attempted- to carry ,the offen
sive to the Italians but the artillery
fire of King Victor Emmanuel's men
stopped the assaults and in the last
named sector the Italians themselves
delivered an attack and notwithstand
ing stubborn resistance made progress
on the Southeastern slope of Hill 52.
Likewise in the Plava sector the Aus
trians were driven back and lost 100
men made prisoners.
Both Claim Many Prisoners.
Around St. Glovanni and Duino at
the lower end of the line the Aus
trians heavily bombarded the Iealians
in their new positions and ineffectual
ly tried to oust them. Both sides are
claiming the capture of large num
bers of prisoners since the new bat
tle from Tolmino to the sea began, the
Italians asserting they have taken 23,
681 prisoners and the Austrians 14,
Tuesday passed with relative calm
on both the British and ,French fronts
in France, the British war office mere
ly recording a successful raid north
west of Labasse and the French of
ficial communication asserting that
artillery fighting alone prevailed.
On Eastern Front.
There has been a renewal of activ
ity of the Russo-Rumanian forces
against the Teutonic Allies in Ruma
nia and that early attacks by them
are expected. The visits to Jassy,
the new capital of Rumania, of M.
Thomas, the French minister of muni
tions, and M. Kerensky, the Russian
minister of war, possibly may be con
nected with the revival of the activ.
ity of Russo-Rumanian troops.
In the Mediterranean the British
hospital ship. Dover Castle, carrying
sick and wounded, was the target of
two torpedoes. All on board excepi
si.c of the crew were saved.
A subiarine also has accounted foi
the British armed merchantile cruise
Hilary, which was sunk in the Nort
sea with a loss of four men.
TWO SOUTH CAROLINA MEN
PRISONERS IN GERMAN1
Two South Carolina Men Held in De
Washington, May 29.-A list of al
known American prisoners of war i
Germany, madIe public today by th
State Department, contamns the name
of seventy-four' men, all of whom wer
' taken from merchant ships capture,
by German war vessels.
Sixty-one of the prisoners are in
detention camp at Dulmen, one is ai
Rastatt, Bavaria; five at Karlsruhi
and seven at Hlavelberg. The list wit
adldresses available includes Jame
Samwales, 35 Church street, Mobile
Eugene Boykin, care of William Reic<
South Main street, Anderson, S. C
John Martin, care of E. K. Bryai
Walton, Fla.; Jesse Wallace, carec
Hlarry Wallace, Chesterfield, S. C. A
Karlsruhe, John Davies, Columnbu:
TiOBACCO MEN PROTrST
AgaIst Imposition of Addition
TIaxes D~uring War.
Hartford, Conn., May 28.-Asser
ing that a great hardship would 1
worked on the industry by the imp
sition of additional taxes, the Nation
Cigar Leaf Tobacco Association,
'annual convention here, today sent1
Washington a telegram to Secretai
Simmons, chairman of the Senate.
nance committee, protesting again
the imposition of additional custon
dluties on leaf tobacco. The telegra
urges rejection of the provision
the house bill for such added lmnoi
BRJTISH HOSPITAL SHIP
IS TORPEDOED BY GERMANS
Armored Merchant Cruiser Hilary
Also Torpedoed and Sunk. by
London, May 29.-The British hos
pital ship Dover Castel has been tor
pedoed and sunk, it was announced
The British armored merchant
cruiser Hilary also has been torpedoed
and sunk, and a British destroyer has
been sunk after a collision.
The text of the British statement
"His Majesty's hospital ship Dover
Castle was torpedoed- without warn
ing at 6:30 o'clock Saturday in the
Mediterranean. At 8:30 she was again
torpedoed and subsequently sunk. The
whole number of hospital patients and
the hospital staff were transferred to
other ships and the irew were also
saved with the exception of six men
who are missing and are feared to
have been killed by the explosions.
"His Majesty'p armed mercantile
cruiser Hilary Acting Capt. F. W.
Dean, has been torpedoed and sunk in
the North sea. Four men were killed
by the explosion.
"One of His Majesty's torpedo boat
destroyers has been in collision and
sunk. There were no casualties."
The Dover Castle, 8,271 tons gross
and 476 feet long, was owned by the
Union Castle Mail Steamship Com
pany of London. Shb was built in
The British steamship' Hilary was
a Booth liner of 6,329 tons gross, 418
feet long, built in 1908.
GERMANS THREATEN IRISH
Don't Wadt Them to Send Fish
London, May 28.-According to sto
ries printed in the morning papers,
there has been a complete revulsion of
feeling toward the war in the south
and southwest of Ireland as a conse
quence of the recent attacks by Ger
man submarines on Irish fishing
A number of fishing boats have
been sunk and the victims of one at
tack off Baltimore say that the Ger
mans told theta that they had al
ready sunk the Kinsale and Waterford
fleets and would soon put all Irish
fishing boats to the bottom of the
sea because they sent fish to England.
They also threatened to shell villages
on the coast.
AT TRINITY SCHOOL
The annual commencement exer
cises of Trinity school will be held
Thursday, Friday, Sunday and Mon
day nights, and the following pro
gram will be carried out.
This night's program will consist
of tableaus, recitations, songs and
"Tom Thumb's Wedding."
Play-"AI Martin's Country Store.
This is a comedly with twenty--seven
char acters and the parts will be tak
en by High School pupils. Music will
i be furnished by the Olanta String2
S Baccalaureate Sermon by Rev. B.
:K. Truluck, of Olanta.
t Graduating exercises, J. W. Wide
man, Esq., of Manning, will make th4
Sadldress to the graduating class. Thi
Sdiplomas wvill be awarded by Princi.
.pal J. W. Truluck.
'It is to b..e hoped that a large at.
.tendance will be at these exercises
as the principal and teachers havt
,worked hard to make these exercises
ta big success.
-- 0 --
ELECTION CASE DRIOPP'ED
Alleged Irregularities in D~rawinj
Jury Given as Reason.
Corpus Christi, Texas, May 28.
The case against District Judge Wal
L- ter' F. Timon and~ forty other resi
e dlents of Nueces County, indicted a
>- the outgrowth of allegcd irregulari
al ties in the congressional election o
in 1914, todiay was diismissedl in federn
to court on request of United State
y District Attorney Green.
- 'The motion for the dismissal wa
at made on the ground that there wer
is irregularities in dlrawing the gran
m jury which returned the indictments
in The appellate court previously hal
it: nustained the contention.
22 GRADUATE IN
THE PAST YEAR
Brilliant Scene at Final Exer
cises of the High School
MEDALS ARE AWARDED
Annual Address Delivered #,y Prof.
S. H. Edmunds, of the
The commencement of the Manning
High School, held last Friday night
in the school auditorium, was truly
a brilliant occasion. The stage set
ting, the profusion of flowers and the
handsomely dressed audience that
thronged the hall and the gallery com
bined to produce a picture that chal
lenged admiration. On the stage, ar
ranged in a semi-circle, were twenty
two chairs for the eleven girls and
eleven boys of the graduating class.
Two of the chairs were empty, one
for Archie Barron, who has been
quite ill for the past two weeks, and
the other decorated with the national
colors for Kenneth Ridgeway, who has
enlisted in the United States navy.
Several Graduates Heard.
The exercises last night were open
ed with an invocation by the Rev. L.
B. McCord, followed by a piano duet
by Frances Brown and Lula Rigby,
pupils of Miss Hirschmann. Then
came the salutory by Herman Dun
can, and the class poem by Miss Helen
Nimmer followed by a chorus, "Merry
June." The class history, by Archie
Barron, was read by Miss Edith
Odom, following which was a piano
solo by Miss Leila Margaret Dickson,
who gave a highly creditable interpre
tation of a Chopin waltz. The class
prophecy and valedictpry was read by
Brainard Gibson, and this was fol
lowed by the class song, "The Linden
Diplomas and Medals.
The annual address ays delivered
by Superintendent S. H. Edmiiri1, of
the Sumter city schools, which was
followed by a piano duet by Misses
Leila Margaret Dickson and Maud
Sprott, and then came the presenta
tion of certificates and prizes. The
Reuben B. Loryea memorial medal,
one donated each year by his father,
the late Aaron Loryea, was won by
Brainard Gibson for the highest year
ly average in the tenth grade. The
Latin medal, given for the highest
average in Latin, was won by Joe
Brogdon of the first year high school,
The certificates of graduation were
appropriately presented to the clasp
by Major A. Levi, chairman of the
board of school trustees.
Prof. D. R. Riser, the retiring sup.
erintendent of the school, has receivet
some highly complimentary letter.
concerning the efficient preparation of
some, of his pupils who have gone t<
higher institutions of learning.
CR[AM[RY B[ING BUT
New Enterprises Started in City oi
Orangeburg, May 28.-The Orange
burg Cooperative Creamery opene<
for business in this city today. Th
p~lnt, which is locate~d on North Mid
dIleton street, is equippedl completel;
with the most up-to-date machiner;
obtainable. Besides making butte
the creamery will manufacture big1
gradle ice cream for. the wvholesal
tradle. The shipment of products wil
begin in a short time. Not onlyi
the suIpply of cream at present ver
gratifying but it is rap)idly increasin
with the shipment of additional blood
ed cattle into the community.
This is considIered a very wvise an
profitable move on the part of th
farmers and business men. The crean
er1y affords a ready market for creat
and the Orangeburg Packing Con
- pany furnishes a market for all cai
- tle and hogs to be dlisp~osedl of. Wit
these two markets, it is considere
a more profitable by expert4( to rais
- stock in larger numbers and less col
s CJRATORE'S HN
READ)Y TO JOIN ARIM
c Montgoamery, Ala., May 28.-Crei
I tore's Lanu, comp)osed of forty muns
.cians, mostly Italians, applied at tI
I city hall today for registration cardl
complyinge wIth thecnscription lan
HIGH PRICE OF ONIONS
Federal Grand Jury Issues Indict
ments for '88 Corporations and
CORNERED THE MARKET
Producers Probably Received 2 Cents I
Pound for Crop; Consumers i
Pay 10 to 15.
Boston, May 24.-Eighty-eight cor- _
porations and individuals were indict- t
ed by the federal grand jury here to- 1
day for conspiring to monopolize in
terstate commerce in onions.
The indictments, which were re
turned as a result of a nation-wide in
quiry into the cost of food conducted
last winter by Federal Attorney An- 1
derson, allege that the defendants
divided the territory of the country
between them for the purpose of
eliminating competition; that maxi
mum prices were fixed for the pur
chase of onions and that the supply
was hoarded in order to increase
Total Annual Crop.
Mr. Anderson estimated that the
annual crop of onions amounted to
200,000,000 pounds, three-fourth)s of
which he said was alleged to have
been controlled by the defendants. In
a statement outlining the case Mr.
"It is a part of the plan of this
association to have monthly meetings
in various parts of the country so
as to get as large an attendance as
possible of members who might other
wise be reached only through the
mails. After these monthly meetings
the secretary issues to the members
printed 'confidential reports' contain..
ing a summary or review of the
amount of onions available in various
producing sections, followed by suich
suggestions as follows:
"The bulk of onion crop is now
in the hands of speculators, fully 75
per cent of whom are members of
"This report shows that the move
ment for the entire United States
need be only eighty cars per day. The
results rest with the members and
by all means arrange to keep onions
"We should not fool ourselves and
make this a fictitious value market
but be sure of conditions and the key
to the situation is to keep some mov
ing all the time.
"For the 1916 crop the producers
probably received less than two cents
per pound. In midwinter many of
these onions were sold to retailers
and through them to consumers at
10 to 15 cents a pound. It is claim
ed by the government that this tre
mendous margin between the price
accruing to the producer and the price
paid by the consumer was largely due
to illegal control of the trade exer
cised by this association."
ADMINISTRATION TO TRY
AND LOMiR FOOD PRICS
One of First Aims of New Food
SWashington, May 20.-Reduction of
- the present high prices the consunmer
/' pays for food, it was announced today,
/' will be one of the first aims of the
r newv food administration, which wvill be
i created wvith Herbert C. Hloover at its
e head as soon as Congress passed the
I government's control legislation.
s Tlhis wvill he undertaken by cutting
' dlown the margin between producer
and consumer through a syste~m of ex
- ecutives under the central administra
tion, each to study means of shorten
I ing the speculative chain that handles
e a particular commodity.
- Trhe first staples to be submitted
a probably wvill be grain, flour, meat and
- The executives will have under thenm
ht hoards on wvhich wvill 1'.: rep~resentedI
aI producer, m iddCleman andI consum r.
e Their efforts wvill be in the Cdirection
-of modification of present trade me(th
odis and the stimulation of production.
The food adm ninistrat Ion through its
commodlity executives wvill ascertain
V just what the country can spare in
fo,od staples and this wvill be balanced
- off against the Allied dlemands. If
i- stocks available for export (do not
e reach the Allied requirements the Al
s, lied commissioners will settle among
v. themsnlves their apportIonment.
[LIED TEAMS ARE PLAYING I
BASE BALL IN WAR ZONE
treat Game Under Shadow of Vim
British Headquarters in France
lay 28.-(Via London.)-From a
staff Correspondent of the Associated
'ress.) The old adage of "all work
nd no play" has its application in
var as well as in peace. The base
all season on the western front is in
ull swing. Under the very shadow
,f Vimy Ridge a great game was
flayed yesterday afternoon before an
li-khaki audience on a bit of the bat
lefield on which the shell holes had
een filled in and a rough grandstand
rected for the officers and other spec
ators, including Gen. Horne, com
nanding the first British army, who
ins become an enthusiastic fan.
The game was between teams rep
-esenting two Canadian brigades. As
t matter of fact all the teams in what
nay be called the world war league
end now composed of representatives
)f the numerous Canadian bodies, and
ll the players are anxiously await.
ng the arrival of the American forces
:o arrange for an interleague series.
The Second Canadian brigade beat
:he Third by the score of 7 to 1. The
Second brigade had a great left-hand
d pitcher whose delivery the Third
brigade batters could not solve at all.
The Third brigade team also had a
good boxman, who formerly played
with Ottawa in the Canadian League.
The catcher was unable to hold his de
livery well and this fault accounted
for many of the runs scored by the
The game was remarkably free
from errors, considering the battle.
field diamond. All the equipment had
been brought from America, including
the base bags.
As a side show it was possible from
the grandstand to sea an occasional
German shell dropping half a mile or
so away. Airplanes were humming
overhead, but assuming them to be
friendly, no one looked their way, ex
cept when a fly ball happened to be
There Was typical rooting by the
Canadians and Americans among the
khaki-clad spectators, and much
wagering on the game. One sub
altern bet enough, he said, to pay his
expenses on a three weeks' leave in
Paris, but he chose the wrong side
and his leave was indefinitely post
JAPAN'S POLICY IN WARI
Tokio, May 28.-Field Marshal
Count Terauchi, the Japanese prem
ier, today delivered an address to the
prefectural governors on the policies
of the Japanese Government.
The premier said the war threaten
ed to involve the whole world. 'I'h(
participation of the Uinited States ir
the conflict, he declared, was particu.
larly satisfactory to Japan, "becaus(
it materially strengthens the ties of
interests binding Japan and America.'
To meet the perilous wvar situatior
the premier said Japan must culti vat<
friendly relations with foreign nationm
andl develop) her exte-nal trade.
CREW It(OBHED) BY GERtMANS
New~ York, M~ay 29.--The A merieam
schooner Margar-et B1. Rtouss, wvhiel
le'ft St. Andrew's Bay, Florida, Febru
ary 4 with cargo of pine' lumber foi
G;enoa, was sunk by a submnarine A pri
27 near the French-Italian coast, an'
the crew robbed b~y the Germans, ac
cordling to C apt. Fred I12. Foo(t , ma ste:
of the schooner, who arrived here to
(lay from France.
Capt. F~oot sa id a (let achmeant fron
the submarine hoarded his ve'ssel an
took eve'rything of value, includlinJ
foodstuffs and( nav igating inst ru
mients. 'They werie set adrift ini (pei
boat s and were lantded amt Monite( Ca rb
by a patrol boat. Tlhe schooner wa
sunik by lambs.
Washington, May 28.--P1anama ha
prop~osedl that the U nited St ates aid
vance $10,000,000 for im mediate (on
struction oif strategic roads anid rail
ways as a step in p~ro~per defense o
the Penamaii canal zone11 in the wa
The sunm would in effect be an ad
vance~ on account of the $25~0,000l
year wvhich the United States ist
pay to Penama in perp~etuity unde
the canal treaty.
Tfhe cost of the works woul bi
shared equally by the United State
RACE RIOT IN [AST.
ST. LOUIS STILL
Negroes and White Men Wounded
Where Race Trouble Breaks
TROOPS PATROLLING CITY
Six National Guardsmen of Mis
souri Arrested Charged With
East St. Louis, May 29.-Three ne
groes were shot, one probaly fatally,
and three white men were wounded
when the race riots broke out afresh
here tonight. Groups of white men
continued to form in the streets, but
for the most part the police and sol
diers on patrol duty have succeeded
in disbanding them peaceably. One
of the negroes shot tonight was on
his way to work when he was accost
ed by a white man who demanded to
know his destination. The negro re
fused to answer and the white man
shot him. A crowd gathered quickly,
but police dispersed it by using their
A few minutes later another negro
was made a victim of a mob of whites,
when it was learned he had declared
the blacks would "put up a fight" if
trouble broke out tonight. The mob
chased him for several blocks before
he was halted by a pistol shot. His
wound is not serious. Police guards
dispersed that mob without great dif
Six men of the First Regiment, Na
tional Guard of Missouri, were arrest
ed charged with inciting to riot.
A negro, carrying a sack containing
eight revolvers and several rounds of
ammunitiop, was arrested on the Illi
noise approach of Eads bridge. le had
come from St. Louis, Mo.
Thomas Ritchie, a private watch
man for the Baltimore and Ohio Rail
road, was patroling the tracks when
he sawi a negro approaching with a
shotgun. Ritchie challenged the ne
gro, who fired, wounding Ritchie in
the shoulder. At St. Mary's hospital
two white men were taken in a seri
ous condition as a result of gunshot
wounds. Their identity has not been
established. They were unarmed.
At 11 o'clock Col. C. E. Clayton,
who is in command of six companies
of militia on guard here, declared he
expected little more trouble tonight.
Col. Clayton stationed his men, each
armed with a rifle with 90 rounds of
ammunition, 100 feet apart in the
sections where trouble was feared.
Orders were issued to let no one pass
into the "restricted zones" without be
ing challenged. Three engine com
panies of fire departments responded
to an alarm on North Third street,
heavily settled by negroes, and were
met with a volley of shot when they
arrived, but none was hit. Several
other false alarms were turned in.
Began Monday Night.
The race riots began late last night,
shortly after a co'immittee from the
labor unions met with members of
the city council to protest against fur
ther import at ions of negroes from the
South to wvork in the stock yards an ]
packing plants andI were given im
p~etus by a report that negroes had
insulted a whl~ite woman and h ad hel
up) tw.o white men in this city.
I At that time large mobe were form
I ed andl in th(e rioti ng which re'sul ted
one negro was shot, several were bad
I- by eaten and hundreds of negroes
were dIriven across the' river in to St.
I STE'El. I NSTIE.'X) Ol' W(O(l)
-l'nele Sanm's F'leet to Overcomne Ger
New York, May 21;. Tlhe sh ips t hat,
t he A mierica n Governmewnt will build
to besct the Germani submarine an I
carry' supplies to our Euro'pean allies
wvill be constructed of steel inst ead
of wvood, anid the men1 who control
the ouitpukt of ironm and steel in this
. country have given the ir pledge to4
- Major Gen. George WV. Goet halIs to
I' furn ish the necessamry mat erials.
-. Ge. GotbalIs' a ppeall for~ the coope
- rat ion of the iron and steel mnanufac
turers foundl enthusiastic and patri
1 ot ic re.sponse~ at the annual dinner of
r~ the A merican Iron and St eel Inst itute
last night after he had told them that
e the proposal to build 1,000, 3t,000-ton
s wooden ships in eighteen months ''is