Newspaper Page Text
* ~I~nnIna tInte.
Published Every Wednesday
I. I. APPBLT---Editor
F M. SHOPE. .. ..Businessaanager,
JUSTICE IN CHJA
District Magistrates Are Both
Judge and Jury.
Story of Oriental8olomon Who Used
- Basket as Witness Throws Light
on Court Methods.
. The men whofreally govern China
and who make life happ'y or miserable
for the people are the district magis
'trates. There are about fifteen hun
dred of them in all. These men unite
in themselves. many various offices.
They tare coroners, sheriffs, tax collec
s, road surveyors and forest cohi
loners. They are superintendents
pools and overseers of the poor,
ey are at the head of the state
n, and worship 'at the temples
on specified days. There is searcely
any matter into which they may pot
pry and for which they are-hot held
The adnilnistration of- justice is In
their hands. In the court of justice
(there are no juries, lawyers or men
who are entitled to spenk for the cul
prit. The parties to the suit, whether
civil or criminal, kneel before the mag
Istrate, who, sitting in his official chair,
asks such questions as he sees fit, and
as soon as he thinks he has discovered
'the truth, brings in his verdict. Either
party may appeal; still, as the expense
of a lawsuit is higher proportionally
ithan in Anerica, that is not often
It will at once be apparent that such.
a man must possess a keen mind, a
!good knowledge of human nature, and
be fertile in expedients. Above all, he
must be a man of decision ; not be
ause immediate action is required, but
n order to sustain his own dignity
and command the respect of the
people. The magistrate who hesitates
S me years ago a Chinaman who'
owi ed a mill where he pressed oil
from beans was visited by a neighbor,
who came to borrow an immense bas-'
fket used by the oil man to receive
-the bean refuse after the oil had been
.extracted. The *Chinese are quite
neighborly, so the request was grant.
ed, and the neighbor, who was a miller,
carried the basket home to use for
Time went on and the following fall
the oil man asked for the return of the
basket. To his surprise, the miller
;claimed 'the basket as his own. In
'spite of the fact that there were no
witnesses, the oil man went to law,
tand the case came before the district
The magistrate asked each mn to
tell his story, which he did. Each man
also acknowledged that he could not
produce witnesses. The magistrate
,recognized that his own reputation was
at stake, and also that it was a case
where a righteous decision would
greatly enhance his reputation. He
-(did not hesitate.
"Bring in the basket," he said. ie
h'Iad already determined in his own
ind that in all Probability thme oil man
hivas in the right, for lie felt that no
mnan in his senses would be likely to
t'o l'M'~ nibolt so cheap an article
unless it were really lis.
'As soon as the basket w"as brought
1in, the imagistrate, with a sever'e frown,
~addressed it in these words: "Mr. Raa
).et, each of these two meni here in
'ouirt claims you as his ow~n proper'ty.
1'her~e are no wltnesse's as to which is
tellng the truth. Now I order you to
'tell us to which of them you, b~elong.
What, you remain silent ! Are you not
aware that I am the imagistrat e of this
conmaty? If you (10 hot reply at once, I
-'shall order' you to lie soverely pui
ishied I still silent I Here. sergenngt.
get y'our paiddle, turni over' this b'a.t
am .J g re him a hundred blows I"
The underlgs who were present
hiad great dlfllc'ulty in keeping their
-faces str'aighit, but they had to obey,
:'and accordingly tihe man who was
-wont to use the stick for beating unm
willing witnesses proceeded to beat the
,basket. Ha had not dlelivered many
b~lows before the oil, which had been
concealed by the bran, began to ooze
"I [old on," said theu magistrate
"that Is eniough ! I thought I should
make this basket speak. It is evident
that lie belongs to the oil man. Take
out the miller and give him fiye lhun
dr'ed blows, andl you, Mr. O!! Man,
car'ry homue your basket."-Youth's
It is interesting to knowv how cer
taIn flower's got their names. Maray
were namied aftter individual s. F"or
instance, fuchisias were so called after
Le'onard F~uhis. Dahlias wer'e namlledl
from.i Andre Dahi, who brought them
The camnellla was so called from a
v'nssionary nmemd Kaimel, who brought
saome magailcent specimens of the
llow~er to France from Japan. lie
called it the Rose of Japan, but his
friends changed it to camellin.
Maginolias wvere named in~ honior of
Prof. Magnol do Montpellier, who first
brought the beautiful trees 'to France
ffomi America and Asia.
The Latin word for "to wash" is
"lavaire," and lpvender received its
naime because thie Romans put ' the
flowers Into the water they used for
washing to perfumeQ their -hands,
ALBANIANS ARn ODD PEOPLE
Some of Them Are Highly Civilized,
But as a Body They Will Hav
Nothing of Progress.
As a matter., of fact, Albania is a
network of - mountain tribes under
hereditary chieftains, each of whom is
independent of the rest and of all the
world, and they do not want any
other form of institutions. Any gener
al government they regard as a litnita
tion of their immemorial freedom.
They are natural fighters, and esteem
no privilege higher than the privilege
ok warfare among themselves, tribe
against tribe. They are of several
faiths and churches-Moslem, Catho
lic, Orthodox Greek, Moslems with
Christian customs and Christiarls with
Mosl ..n customs, and in some tribes,
in the same family, , the boys are
brought up as Moslems agd the girls
as Christians. With these-people re
ligion is a mere incident. The main
thing is to be let alone. Only in this
disposition and in their language are
Yet these picturesque and free-spir
ited. barbarians are the oldest;, purest
and probably the handsomest repre
sentatives of our race. In lineage they
are the Aryan aristocracy of Europe.
Ardent tribesmen, most dignified shep
herds, devoted mountaineers, they nev
erthless wander over the earth ; and
many of them are engaged today in
blacking boots in Boston, New York
and Chicago. Individually capable of
civilization and education,. well en
dowed with brains, their native prefer
ence for the wild nationless life of
their mountain home suggests a doubt
whether they have not after all the
right idea of life-whether the rest of
us, in modifying the purity of the
blood which these rude Skipetars have
maintained so nobly, have not degen
erated instead of risen, says the Bos
ton Transcript. Why else, a curious
mind might ask, should the Albanians
placed in the most beautiful nook of
Europe, facing the Adriatic sea, poised
between Rome and Constantinople
and Athens, have remained illiterate
barbarians through all the centuries,
never Hellenized, never Latinized,
while at the same time they preserved
some of the noblest characteristics
and virtues of the race? Isolated they
have been, and very much civilized
some of their members have become.
But of progress they will have nothing.
When one is filled with ills and
groans, when one has cares and aching
bones, when every- scene presents to
view but woes and bills far overdue, in
short when all the world's a place of
fretfulness and sorry case, then what a
solace one can find if he will only call
to mintl the words that someone used
to say, "This too will only pass away I"
They seem to have the proper ring, a
heap of comfort they can bring and
when the day is drab and drear they
somehow seem to please the ear; when
in a wretched circumstance they may
not make you sing and (lance, they
may not fill you full of glee and make
you joyful as can he, they may not
seldom fail to please. So when you
have no shirts to wear or when you're
losing all your hair or when you're
filled with aches and moans or when
you can't collect from Jones, when you
are weak with toothache's ills and
when you cannot meet your bills, when
all the weary world's askew and you,
in short, are really blue, here is the
little piece to say: "ThNis too will soon
pass away."-Illinols State Register.
A Frequent Result.
"Ah, Mr. H~owklns," said Brown
to a wealthy merchant, "I helieve a
p)OOr boy nanmed Wilks sought your as
sistance twenty years ago and1( you
were very kind to him I You gave
him food and sound advice, a suit of
cltes and ai half dllalr, andl ds5
patchied him on his way rejoicing.
ie told you .it the time that you
never' would regret your kindness. Am
i right ?" "Yes, you are," replied Mr.
Hlowkmus. "lIe said," Browvn wvent on,
"that if he prospered lie would see that
you ne'ver luad occasion to regret your
kindness to a poor struggling lad."
"Gracious !" exclaimed Mr. Ilowkins.
"it sound~s like a fairy tale I Why, you
must have seen him !" "I have," said
Brown, "and he sent a mc-sse~age to you."
"What is it?" Mr. Thowkins asked ex
pe(ctanitiy. "lie told mie to tell y'ou
that he would like another half doal
lair," .'eplied Brown.
The business politicians were dis
cussing the uplift.
"How does Jones stand politIcally?"
"Oh !" exclaimed the other. "Hie's
"1Ilow is he i mpossibleiC?"
"Why, the man's a howling radical;
lhe's practically anarchist."
"I heard that he advocated the pub
lie ownersip of public ut ilities, hut I
didn't understand that
"P'ublic ownership? Ile's daft about
it. Why, the man even helieves in the
publiIc ownership of legisla tutres !"
"Smith is a remarka.,ie man," said
"WVhat is so remu able about
him'?" asked Jones,.
"Why, lhe can sing the whole of
the 'Star-Spangled Banner' from memn
ory," replied Brown.-Cincinnati 10n.
Creditor-I shall call upon you ev
ery week until this bill is paid?
Hardieighm-Thmen there seems to be
evety probability of our acquaiiintanco
ripening Into friendshin--pnk.
R DEA YORFL!
Means Ready for' You!
Everything for Men and , .
Boys Up-to-date and New!
Economy does not mean buying cheap
or cheap-made clothes, but true economy inId
isbuying quality, fit and style, such as we
SJ, are featuring in
SCHLOSS BROS., $20.00 to $27.50.
Fashion Park, $20.00 to $27.50
Styleplus, $17.00 to $21.00
Other Good Grades, All-Wool, Nobby Styles, at
$12.50 to $16.50
JOHN B. STETSON HATS
$4.50 to $5.00
AND BARRY SHOES, BONAR HATS at $3.00
PETER RABBIT HATVS
None Better, at $2 00
LET US NECKWEAR
Dress up your Boy, Mother, (Or school and , in all the latest Styles and Colors
Sunday school. Prices 23.5O to ;10.00
ALL A(ES, 3 To i8 YrARS 50c. to $1.00
Complete Line of Gent's Furnishings, Suit Cases,
Trunks and Hand Bags.
'osephl . 1 Chan1dler,
MENS' AND BOY'S OUTFITTER.
16 South Main Street SUMTER, S. C.
Theu lhtvis Station school wfil be4- 1 hsyu~(00 i iiet348)l~ll o'IleIm~e iiie
gin its new session cin Monday, Oct. 1I1 he lilrjat(101te er haetop sad thrPc*s nd il
1st., at 9 a. mi. The1 openIng of' the rs da. iotthn itmksn tog on osholititjicrsoi
of the harvesting of the crops and we 1'el410(3' olit. fd'tI te Il1''t0is tl 1)1 41' 04i''01'I'
(1hild will he0 ready to b0egln school. I steIlw wet ra.e'~atal 1o.hw i tios i i
Indeed('(, we e'xpe4ct It. Thero4e are a l.atl O' ftewoI eso sIhm t 4a'3wht e h ali A
reality of groat est importance to1 the 10t 100 o~ eont138o h i t1 4 11 O 1,''115 i c
sitecess of the school (and Ithat )1it0'101 p pis11(tcch '. Al ied tl ..', l so, ii I'V 4'
r;f 1110 cIhI(ren ) which it. is the pur- 014 fIle Ps ~f''k O i 3 i'' ''a1'1WotI 31 h~e 11' 'u' /
1)4)e of this5 ar'ticle to bring to tile at - 0801i 134 a'n hs is 'w ton (:. f3lt.hoi 4 saga-/L
I'lt lonl of the pa0trons1 and1 to str'ess. (aS 3 h ilo'1011 ftl hl iu it ~
Aigd fir'st, we wish to invite ll in-I eta lne t tlitlli' i ithaPec 311Ia3113):5lt ('c fI' ih
tt'ereIstetd, but ethspeciallyls's Iiti' thlie1eil'/ pawirenit- )1 )1 113k 1 gltly of I i sI . ti
toto 401 wt neaelitshol1withcorgeiet tat1s 1atla1 theo 5110 i sschool 113,Ii' ':house. Inte i
on t ho Ilinrning ofI tihe opein 13g. We h dIl clonc 4s 111tl olIn i3 tI hti 1)' ii 4i' I4 ~1 ih
are34 glad to see you a4 any time--buht , i llt h Iis e ae ft1' e'1'i 11''14 I 5''--' ' i: i
m1105t a4ippprit0 occasions for a vis- aso tly ncsay i .1 14111 is w ' i li40V il(I''S ii' tiiP'
it. and1( if you3 will not ('ome1 out thenl, t lle'th~ la a)et -slfe '1115(1 05 i14'' la 411B su ln ofe
Loinlg oult to the opintiig exercises, lc'i f1( ls~ 1'1 ii3'V)Ill t5'141 'II] ii ~ i u note1n u h
y't.'u will have an opportuniity3 to 1)neet u.sii' 11. i i 11rnai 41 0 '4I'Ill 435 0 i111 i ep l h ii~in
tile teac(her's and1 to form11 t hose friend--t colo ~eIisIdya~ e i831113l(3i Wl i ii3 ssi[i'il i- feh es a d c quat
ly relation its tiiu 0 41-131i0' -I tm 1'w1ithheor hygehhem m ni'l. so11'1all-i'. ; slaimpola or frrott-njy
anit inl the delicate and di1fficult t ask ofhok on thi'odrlt) Thy . 'i13 tog' tI'' iihi4141 ' 'oo
1)du'entin caehiold arcessful cty. On toe I I1 tIiieiltey fr h tes 1ls 1 '33 i s'i i~i(I43 13'B s u
till vi)Visitor's and1( shor't. addresses. It'Nwfoi hl lh~o e 3 i ' 0 1181 14I 13'I i ii3e I
~'u lk e P~~ 'li ict li Ilschool ofltli tyour 111.'110omn'ntnity, 441 1il Ii you 4 iwill'(l'i
foi3rds a chancii4e to 1(learn somethi o itIhngtleci I es('''''1151 ii'11 3 i g41t 114 sWl'tI Ihit, i ota m r m xue o
11bout3 t he I Iinls, (or ait least8, alta31 of III sls.011lt014. le ned V'I'il i1 kfi'Il 'il sI ~iI ~ d fe e t kn . u
thoi school,) and1( t. set'Ie t that liI 101 ll r tey IlnId io 311the.I('it114 tlt '11hcho iiii, hc1 o ts ilf lB-~ )o
dre areI i 4 faly3 Ia unlched on the uIi1' Iork m st(o I 0'111. ''iI.11 31(5 (it'o' I ii hl4310111 t h e tc fe s r
(of the y'ear . Th'lor'efor's 10 8(,ilih0t41, s(S we11'10Iie s'aiyItii i)I itdiV 414 ictIils lcn elco s fa o
We4 wish 1to) urge all parenOfts ini11( h neod1(0( 1( e )1 .os lt t143 ~'8414 izc 'hl'1W n eiae ao a
ago to1 put3 thleml ini school. Giv'e them t11h( to l'oitI. t.I'I1)41ii 01Ilt
(lie inestimable advantage of a -good 'Iad es an bsne ( t iv'' I In1'.(l'1)4tll Iiui fild,
1ed4iscoationthateven Ilifh it 4does'.Fmeanhacle18s
mnoney -gettIng. Tihec (question is: D)o hut 1(stijl'ost 4 ii~h5a
you w1ant your child to be0 s3ioboy? '1c010t. Te 1431t11hu(1)5'lo eclI5 4014('1 ive'1'ii44'-C DE ,N W ER Y
hsducentionl w1ill elevate h1im1, and1( what "o o.'vltI 0111 o 111.' I es 'u syu iiteh 1(
Is mone3IIy com11pared' to the boy's- 01 or 'ly 11111 ~ssa.l'~t5)3( eo'usy 3( h ''ulIi on
Igil''s prepar'ationi for lIfe 01n al highler o .1 al xrio. 1.tahe u (1(111411)1h~v
planue? Prnsomtmsput1 up the b aees lc, bsns-(1e'101 IIe ~del 1'm~ iei n Cr
plea of necdlIng the children's services lk. Asnei f(o3't 10'4. I 1g
to hellp make1 a supportI, whien th1e realIsahbttatgrw i1011pl'fthlnl'. ao',FR LEC RS
reasn i~tha Ll~y do not proprly acriic th tte children 1 a y la t olit. ri~la ai tt(3 col
Pu1h hlde tsholtevr
-is a . Do ' hn i tks n