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-" . -OL -)V Z
-LXXV MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31 1917.
CAPT. LIGHTfOOT' TEAM' IN
LEAD IN CLAR DON'S FOOD
Pledges reported too Capt. E. M.
Lightfoot: Manning Township, Lieut.
S. W. Barron, 133; Concord Township,
Lieut. W. H. Anderson, 120; Santee
Township, Lieut. 'J. L. Napier, 118;
Friendship Township, Lieut. W. *D.
Allen, 71; St. James Township, Lieut.
J. E. Rowe, 65; St.. Paul Township,
Lieut.' C. M. Mason, 12.
Pledges, reported. to Capt. Cha.rlton
DuRant: Plowden Mill Township,
Lieut. R. J. Alderman, 37; Turbeville
Township, Lieut. W. J. Turbeville, 27;
New Zion Township, Lieut. J. H. Du
Bose, 14; Harmony Township, Lieut.
E. L. McElveeq, no report; Midway
Township, Lieut. J. K., Harrington,
no report; Sandy Grove ' Township,
Lieut. E. L. Langston, no report.
Pledges reported to Capt. S. O.
O'Bryan: St. Marks Township, Lieut.
Howard Stukes, 86; Brewington
Township, Lieut. T. Leslit Bagnal,
64; Mt. Zion Township, Lieut.
Leon M. Galloway, no report; Sammy
Swamp Township, Lieut. J. McD. Mc
Faddin, no report; Fulton Township,
Lieut. R. C. Ricliardson, Jr., no re
ports Calvary Township, Lieut. J. L.
Griffin, 23. Total 770.
There are about 7000 families in
Clarendon County and our minimum
number is 3500. With two days gone
and only 770 families enrolled, it will
be seen that there can be no let up
during the remaining days of the
week but that every one of the ten
workers in each township must be
stir themselves. Clarendon County
cannot fall behind the rest of the
counties of the State.
During sthe remainder of the week
I suggest that the lieutenants have
their workers meet them at ten
o'clock each day, when they can check
up their townships and send workers
into the neglected corners. Remem
ber the pledge gf the workers to give
at least three hours a day to this
work. Let the workers not fail to
report to their lieutenants by four
o'clock each day so that he can re
port to his captain, for, the captains
must report to me, and my telegram
to Columbia must get off by - six
. This work for the government may
take a little of your time from your
business, but surely the men of Clar
endon selected for this work are will
ing to make a little sacrifice for the
great end in view-the saving of food.
I confidently expect a better report
W. C. Davis,
- o .
Roll of Honor of Davis Station
school for first month of session, end
ing October 36.
Requirements: A minimum of 90
per cent on lessons and 95 per cent
1st grade-Harold Childers, Berta
Advanced 1st grade-Viola Barr
nenu, Hlarry Brunson, Virgie Black
wvell, Ansel Corbette, Blanche JTohn
2nd grade-May Dell Hemingway,
3rd gradle-Elise Chewvning, Doro
thy Clarl2, Abram Rawlinson, Sadie
4th grade-Willie Blackwell, Aline
Ch ilders, Cora May Rawvlinson.
5th grade-Hugh Brunsom.
6th grade-James Wells, Bettic
Brunson, Grace Clark, Vincent Rawvl
inson, Clara Belle Richbourg, E'dith
7th gradle-Roy Johnson.
Other grades unrepresented.
Helen E. Malone,
In another cohzmn we arc carrying
an advertisement for the Kirstin
Stump Puller. The concern , that
manufactures this stump) puller are
inaking an unique offer, viz: They
want a field to' demonstrate the wvork
of their product' and wvill pull thes~e
stumps free. Any of our farmers de
siring to donate a field for this pur
pose should leave their 'names with
this paper imnd we will notify their
representative when he calls here.
He will then arrqngo the details as
to the plabe and time, and will ana
nlounce the same through this apern..
FRANCE MUST NAVE
Their Return Is New French Prime
Minister's Definition of
M. BARTHOU' TO- DEPUTIES
Outlines Policy Regarding War Simi
lar to Predecessors. -Appeals
Washington, Oct. 30.-The test of
the speech made in the French Cham
ber of Deputies by the nw - prime
minister, M. Barthou, upon his as
sumption of office, just received here
by cable disclosed that he proclaimed
a policy virtually identical with that
of his predecessors.
The minister, affirmed the solidar
ity of France, with all of her allies
and declared it would be , criminal to
abandon Russia. He outlined the
aims of the war, "restitution; repara
What Restitution Means.
"Restitution," he said, "means the
pure and simple return of Alsace and
Lorraine to France. Invaded forty
four years ago, Alsace and Lorraine
are in no sense different in status
from \ the departments invaded three
years ago. Alsace and Lorraine, in
fact, are invaded departments.
"Could France make concessions to
Germany on' that point or on any
'kind ? Never, so long as a French
hand can hold a rifle. The integrity
of the territory we have received
- from our fathers could not be the
object of any kind of concession or
On Coming of Americans.
The American expeditionary forces
in France, M. Barthou said, would be
a force with which the enemy would
- have to reckon, and the French army
and the whole of France greeted with
devotion this first official confirmation
of the entry in line of the American
The minister ended with an elo
quent appeal for. the union of all
parties to conduct the war until vic
tory was attained.
The speech was much applauded
and was followed by a vote of confi
dence, but it did not rally the Socia
lists' support. Albert Thomas, the
" Socialist, former minister of muni
tion, said he did not consider the dec
larations of the minister as precise
enough upon the subject of guaran
Services at the Methodist Church.
Manning Methodist Church, Dr.
Watson B.' Duncan, Pastor.
Sunday School at 10:30 A. M., Mr.
Joseph Sprott, Superintendent.
Men's Bible Class at same hour,
lion. Charlton DuRant, Teacher.
Preaching at 11:30 A. M. and 7:30
P. M., by the Pastor.
Morning Subject: "Let Us Go For
ward. Congregational Meeting.
Evening Subject: "Social Service
as a Substitute fbr Chriytianity."
*Epworth League -at 4 P. M.
Pr'ayer Service on Thursday at
4:30 P. M., followed by Monthly
Meeting of the Sunday School Officers
Public cordially invited to all ser
Every mahi, woman andl child who
is a member of the Methodist Church,
or who at'tendls its services, is urgent
ly requestedi to be present at 11:30
A. M., on next -Sunday morning. A
matter of very great importance to
the efftI'e membership of the Church
as well as the friends of the Church
will be submitted for action by the
whole congregation. So important is
the matter to be presented that the
*Pastor andl Officers of the Church
are earnestly asking every momber
and friend to be pre'sent. It is de
sirous that everybody have a vote on
this importan~t question.
The ladies of 'the local W. C. T. U.
have mlade up fifty "Comfort Bags"
and they will be sent to the soldier
boys at Camp Jackson. These bags
are madle of khaki cloth and contain
the following: Package of Chewing
Gum, lgaper o~ pins, paper of needles,
two spools of thread, roll of gauze,
roll of adhesive plaster, pair of scis
sors, testament, leaflets and- song
book. It goes without saying that
these bags will be greatly appre
ciatedl by the boys in khaki.
WAS BIG SUCCESS
The Halloween celebration held
yesterday afternoon and last night
for the benefit of the Red Cross was
a big success. The fun started abiout
4 'o'clock when the Graded School
children gave a parade. They as
sembled at the school house and
marched to the ol court house where
fun reigned supreme until supper
time. In the matter of costumes the
kiddies went the limit. There were
devils, witches, clowns, soldiers, sail
ors, cowgirls, cowboys, farmers,
Goldust twins, King Cotton, Charlie
Chaplin-in fact about evdrything
conceivable. Upon reaching the court
house the crowning of the queen was
the next thing on the program. Miss
Francis Harvin, who had been de
clared queen was crowned with a sil
ver crown by Mr. Frank Burgess,
president of the local Red Cross so
ciety. After this event the playing
of games and the making of much
noise was indulged in by the kids.
In the evening the grown-ups as
sembled at the old court house about
8 o'clock and proceeded to indulge in
antics that took them back to their
younger (lays. A great many of those
present were masked and there was
so'me tall guessing as to whom be
lqnged the face worn under the
masks. There syerd several shows
such as wire walker, the monkey
show, fortune - telling, the American
Chick, etc. The old Virginia Reel
and several square dances were in
dulged in. Candy, coffee and sand
wiches were sold and quite a nice
sum' was realized from both the
afternoon and night attendances.
On account of Mr. W. T. P. Sprott
and Mr. Jno. D. Gerald, president and
secretary respectively of the Claren
don County Fair being drawn on the
United States Jury, which convenes
next week in Charleston, the fair' has
been postponed until the following
week. And too, there was a mis
understanding with the carnival com
pany. So in order to have everything
complete, the fair- will be the follow
The colored people deserve much
credit for the way they have respond
ed to the call of their country. The
second lot of colored soldiers left
Manning Monday afternoon, and
through the efforts of Mack Rich and
Frank King the boys left the court
house and marched to tl3e depot- led
by a big flag which they mean to
follow hnd be true to as long as
Uncle Sam commands them.
Work Being Don
To readjust the manner of living of
over a million men is no easy task,
and yet this is what our Government
has undertaken with its great army.
Tlhese men have suddenly given up
their professions, business or tradles;
their home or club life; their friends,
their church or Sunday school life to
do their part faithfully for their
*To many of them the military life
is entirely a new experie~nce, but it
dloes not take long for the camp life
to become monotonous-then when
his duties are OVer' his mind reverts
to his former amusements and to his
home and he gets that fatal dlisease
to military efficiency--commonly
known as home-sickness. Some know
it as the "Blues." Anyh~v, it leaves
a "dark brown taste in the mouth"
and sometimes almost gives a fellow
a "yellowv streapl."'e
The Army Oflicials recognize that
a soldier mu~st have recreation and
President Wilson naturally turnedl toI
that organization which had .. the
greatest experience ina dealing with
the soldiers, viz: The Young Men's
Christian Association, to provide for
the soldiers' off hours.
It must be rememberedl that this
organization had its first experience
in military life during the Civil War
to a limited extent and (luring the
Spanish4merican War a large wvork
wa (lone for the soldiers both in the
Camps in this country and In Cubs.
But noW the work is being (lone on a
much larger- scale and 'the War Work
Council of the Y. M. C. A. provides
a building for every, five thousand en
listed men. This wans the~plan pur..
sued on the Mexican Border and it
DR. 0. W. NETLES
WRITES FROM FRANCE
Mr. F. L. Wolfe, secretary of St.
Peter's Lodge, received the following
letter from Dr. Oscar Nettles of Jor
dan, who is now a first lieutenant in
the Americani Expeditionary Forces
12 Boulevard Capucines
Oct. 8th, 1917.
Mr. Fred L. Wolfe,
St. Peter's Lodge, 54 A. F. M.,
Manning, S. C.
My Dear Sir and Brother:
Enclosed find my check on Wells
Fargo & Co. Express, Paris, France,
for fifteen (15) Francs, the equiva
lent of three dollars in real American
money, to square up my dues for
1917. Of course I know you will not
have this check cashed for the red
tape you woul have to go through
would be too much trouble, but
thought I would send something from
France that could possibly be stowed
away in the archives of the lodge
to show that a member of St. Peters,
tho a long ways from home, had not
forgotten She craft left behind.
This is a beautifbl country, even
tho the war has destroyed a lot of its
natural beauty and has caused a lot
of hardship and suffering for the in
habitants. Wish I could write you
in detail, but such is not allowed.
Give my regards to everyone, and
assure them I would appreciate a line
at any time as we are somewhat
isolated over here.
Let me hear from you.
Oscar W. Nettles,
1st. Lieut. M. R. C.
Field Hospital No. 2,
American Expeditionary F'orces,
Mr. Wolfe hiy the letter and money
order pasted on a cardboard and deco
rated in red, white and blue rib
bon and will hang it on the walls of
the lodge room.
The tobacco warehouse in Sumter
has been leased to Mr. John W. Moore
of Durham for 1918. Mr. Moore is
an experienced warehouseman and
should make our sister market a good
The regular monthly meeting of
the W. C. T. U. will be held Monday,
November 5th, at 4:30 o'clock, at the
home of Mrs. George Huggins. There
will be reports from the State Con
vention, and an interesting meeting
is expected. All members are urged
e by Y. M. C. A.
works well. With each building there
are sepcialist-one a man who has
been successful in working up enter
tainments. Sometimes it is from
neighboring cities. At other times
he wvorks up a "Stunt" night from
tale'nt in the companies. Another is
knowvn as Physical Director, and he
providecs Athletic equipment and or
ganizes teams of base ball, volly ball,
basket ball, play groundl ball, foot
b~all, etc. Still another employed man
is Jknowvn as Educational Director, his
duty being to prov'ide teachers and to
organize the sold iers into French
classes, and in some Camps where
many of the men ar 'e illiterate, into
English clasises. The Religious Work
Secre'ary endleavors to fornm Hible
(lasses in the various Companies
when he can secure the right leaders.
Ie also providets speakers for the
Religious Services andl works in wvith
the Chaplains. All the above help
the Bu ild(1ing Secrtary inl prov idling
the men with free writing material.
In the Camps in the Southeast alone
17,000,000 sheets of pa~per- were thus
usedl. Then there comnes the scale of
stampjs ,the sending of money home
for the soldiers. In one Camp the
"etaries handledl one-half of the
Government's big payroll. But we
must not ov'iook the rending miat
ter providled; the checkers, chess,
These vanigd (duties keel) the Soe
retaries on the go from early mornJ
until taps. In fact when the soldierst
are off duty is the time the Army 1
Y. M. C. A. men are busiest, but it(
is great work. The enlisted men
crowdl the buildings, andl the Secre-1
tary goes to' sleep conscious of thec
fact of having- helped his fellowa .
D. COTHRAN TEELS OF
THE TOBACCO SITUATION
IN YIRGINIA TERRITORY
Editor The Times.
I have wanted to give vent to my
inclinations for sonic time and get
before the people of my county some
sews from the'tobacco front. A brief
preliminary will suffice to show why
[ haven't done so before this. In the
first place I had my hands full up
to the time of my departure from
Manning for the Virginia front.
Messrs. L. O. Holloway and G. R.
Bowen, of Lake City, S. C., anal my
self, came to the little town of
Brookneal in Southern Virginia, on
the 5th of September. We were only
a few days in getting our army orga
nized, and then came the big task of
meeting and getting acquainted Ivith
the people whom we are fighting for.
One by one and two by two the boys
came into our fort and looked over
bur fortifications. Our big trio stood
erect, all attention. We told these
good, horny handed sons of toil that
we had twenty years experience in
fighting battles for highest prices to
be obtained on tobacco. We told the
boys that we were from the sunny
slopes of Eastern South Carolina,
that we came from the land of sun
shine and flowers, the land where the
country in which we lived was flowing
with money, and when they asked
how the people came in possession of
this money, we told them by grow
ing tobacco and selling it with us.
The boys soon began to try us out,
and still others came, doubting at
first, but when they beheld us and saw
for themselves, they exclaimed with
one accord, like the queen of old,
when she beheld the glory of King
Solomon, "The half was never told
I though tobacco prices were ex
tremely high with us this season, and
they were, but we have swam in
prices until we go from seven to ten
dollars per hundred over South Caro
lina prices. I am proud to state that
we averaged bqtter than $32.00 per
hundred at our house the past week.
Our market led the State of Virginia
by better than one dollar per hundred
We are sending out our cars every
afternoon all over this country, and
spreading the good tidings to every
nook and corner.
The government report came out
the other day, and we find the crop
to be only about a million pounds
more than last year. The demand
for cigarettes has increased about
twenty to twenty-five times inside of
the last ten years. Bright cigarette
types of tobacco have become very
scarce and the demand exceedingly
great. This demand has become so
great that these cutter types bring
from forty to forty-seven dollars per
hundred. Wrappers are scarce and
bringing from fifty to seventy-five
dollars per hundred, based on quality.
The common grades are still higher
than I have ever seen them. Some
if the farmers gather the .old, burnt.
eindler leaves, andl pick them up fromt
the ground. Some of them, ab~solute
ly burnt up, sell at 4 om five to seven
dollars per hundred. On last Mlon
lay for 27,000 pounds, we averagedl,
floor scrap, ei~nders and .all, $8.-1.5
peri hundred. It is a co.n,.wnoin
to get fromn $300 to~ $3i50( fo r a one -
borse wvagon load with llollowayv,
Bowven & Cothran. I sodld t wo loadsl
:)f tobacco l'riday for $ I185.(It.
lFarmers allI over the SotIh lhave at
least conie into their ownvi, but I want
y'ou good Clarendon people. to lknow
[lat leaf tobaicco, is still leadling~
King (Cotton byi' a ma rgini o~f fromij
x to seven d ol lar s per hundrI el.I
waniit y'ou boys to prepae your pilat
'ieds well antd platt all the t obaicco
'ou can in 11)18. 1 explect to see prices
hat twilI amniply repaiiy theit growers fort
ill trouble. I base this on suplyl
mdt demand. I want us to buil a
creaiter Manlning mariket niext sumi
nier than we have had in the past5.
explect to have seed for free dIis
ribution in Manning on time at
luggins' Five and Ten Cents Store.
R. D). Cothran.
An invitation, fromi Rev. and~ Mrs.
.M. Ilolliday of Mfarion, announcing|
he marriage of their (laughter,
0milie Cabell, to Mr. llenry Elliott
'aldwell, has been received here. The
wedding to be Wednesdlay, NovemberI
4th. Mr. Hlolliday was once pastor
fthe Manning Presbyterian church,
EXPECT ITALY TO
SlICK TO ALLIES
Despite Recent Reverses, President.
Wilson and Cabinet Have No
SITUATION IS DISCUSSED
Further News from Front Eagerly
Awaited by Ogcials in Ameri
Washington, Oct. 30.-The Italian
situation was discussed at length by
President Wilson and his advisors at
today's meeting, the discussion touch
ing immediate military aspects and
the extension of assistance by the
Allies. Furnishing of supplies, es
pecially coal, badly needed for Italian
munition factories, is said to be re
garded as this country's particular
sphere of immediate action.
Although the administration shares
regret and concern over initial suc
cesses of the Teutonic drive, high of
ficials here are said to utterly reject
the opinion, advanced in some quar
ters, that events in Italy can become
decisive of the war or even an im
portant turning point. It is felt that
setbacks in Italy will act as a spur
rather than a discouragement, both
upon Italy and the other Allies. There
is no apprehension that Italy will
break down or weaken in adherence
to the common cause against Ger
Have Faith in Cadorna.
Further advices concerning the re
treat are anxiously awaited in oflicial
and diplomatic circles. Army officers
as well as officials of the Italian em
bassy appear to be eFitirely confident
that Gen. Cadorna will be able to hold
the Teutonic forces in check.
Word that the British artillerymen
with the Italian army had brought
their guns through the retirement
without the loss of a battery was wel
comed today as indicating that Gen.
Cadorna's men were holding their or
ganizations in the face of the smash
ing Austro-German assaults.
Artillery Probably Saved.
The British guns are all "heavies" -
(big pieces), that it takes time to
withdraw. If all of them have been
saved, American officers think, there
is every reason to believe that much
of the Italian artillery vital to de
fense in a final stand also has been
Today's reports are taken to indi
cate that the artillery losses of the
Italians, claimed by the Germans t
be enormous, comprise smaller pieces
and mounted guns. On the new line,
laid out years ago as the Italian de
fense front, there are emplacements,
chartered ranges and faotors which
will aid in stemming the tide of the
enemy advance. The British big guns
will become ,louhly useful there.
FOlt SIANDll) IA)A I
OF VIllCA''LESS BREAD
Boston, Oct. :10.-A standard loaf
of whet less iread will be adopted by
hot ls thiroughouit this State, it was
ann iounedl a fter a confCerence today
bet ween leading hote (Iproprietors andi
I lenry IB. Ilndicott, State food admin
istrator. A commit tee was appointed
to compile rec i pes from the btest,
whl1ich will be subiitited' to every ho..
tel chef ina t he Stamte and nmadle pulic
for ho~m" use. lIans were also adopt -
el to force two fish days a week at
all hotels. The hotel men also vot ed
to inistit ute two poultry (lays.
Air . Frank W~ard, brother of AltIs.
Josephl Yasneliy, of 'l anning, .ioinedl
the navy several mntIh s ago, and in
some wvay w~as t raiped in the boiler
roomi of his ship an' when found
was almost deadI. lIn resusitatingz
him cold water was uselI and it
pa rallized himi. lle recomed som( 5ie
w~hat though. bIt last week sutlea
ainot her sltroke. It is fea red he will
lbe maimied for li fe.
The totwn elect ion ta kes place No
vember I13th, and the only anitouncedi
candidates that we have heardt of
are: TI. F. ('o!Yey, for Mlayor; and
S. J1. Smith and( Fredn ILese'sne, for
A lermen. All these gentlI men are
good, Iiv pI lrogiressive busi ness omen
andl we feel sure woul give the town
an exceptional ad miniistra1t ion.
Mr. L. 1I. 11arvin wvent with a
party to White Ihal, Berkeley coun..
ty, Ia at wveek on a (leer drtive, and
bagged a big buck. lIe being the
only hlck nn.