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The Cow Should Receive Enough Food
Weight and at the Same time Pr
Pabture Will Hip Largely.
Principles For Economical Pr
Dairy farmers are facing a most se
rious situation thiir winter, says the
dairy division of Clemson College,
With grain feeds selling around $50
V ton and good hay bringing $30, the
question of what and how to feed- the
dairy cow should demand serious con
There will be about 150,000 more in
habitants than .usual in South Caro
lina this winter, due to the location of
the army training camps. Those peo
ple will want dairy products. Prices
are already adyancing due to this de
mpand. X'armors may feed cows,
knowing that they will have a mar
: 'ket for thbir milk and .cream at a
good price. But it will be necessai'y
for the successful dairyman to know
the principles of feeding for econom
Milk is composed of water and sol
'ids derived directly from the feed
eaten by the~cow. Therefore, it is the
duty of the feeder to know what feeds
4produce the most milk and to see that
the cow obtains these 'fpeds in the
Proper Ration for Dairy Cow.
The dairy cow's ration should meet
the following requirements: It must
be abundant, nutritious, palatable,
succulent, and cheap. All the above
requirements may bje met by feeds
-produced entirely in this state. A
ire t many good cows are forced to
:'o dry early in the lactation period
lth(m'q^sq the fei is' nn} n'mtndant. The
*'Ntiw e.uld re-pive nns' 'innt feed to
n'00"9i' he- 1 -idy withent loss of
A'.-1'f e*'el at the some time produce
-- -:"--' of m.'1 A liberal e o
r" nnni .,.i '- 'a host type of
she will eat.
", ^ .,t ^? " feed for each
J,._, 'the produces,
''"' licq intd hulls
-,, , .^. -a.. 14. There are
-'- "r which the
- -of} retimo hay, such
t~ olfel'~ .."...,,. "1 neavine, is
Viso~ mere Phl
ta ble. Fet al }h^" he cow relishes
St-p .. _ - "'o.,' m'lk-producing
eeds. Suceu 'nt or watery feeds
The Farmer Who Owns a Silo "I
:An Ambition an
THE needs of the South are 1(d
ofthe Southern Railway: the grown
the upbuitlig of the other. '
The Southern Railway asks no fa
aseccorded to others.
,I The .ambition of the Southern Rlu
unity of intereat that i s bornt of co-opera
* the ralirdads; to see perfectedi thmpt fair an<
ment of railroads whitch invites the<
atentciess to realIz~e that liberality of tre
to obtatn the additional capital needed fot
eniarged faellitties incidenit to the dema
services and. Ainally
To take its niche in the body poil
other great industries, with no ttore. bt.
I righbts and equal opportunitles.
" The Southern Seryi
tii ' n ld itive, Catbatt it
iCostais Casara Irk,
Rhiiubarb Root, BI de
Root, SennaLeaves mt~itt
*p strength with phaJ t
*to. Doesnotpgrpe, 50c1
to Maintain Tier Body Without Loss of
educe 'Her Maximum of Milk' Winter
-OF DAIRY COW .
Aduction Are Essential. Raise
such as silage and roots are essential
to .the heavy-milking cows since about
seven-eighths .of milk is water.
Probably the most important factor
in the choice of a feed is that it must
be chieap, not necessarily in the sOu$e
of being made up of low-grade or low
cost feeds, but from the standpoint of
furnishing-the largest possible amount
of digestible, nutrients at the least
cost. Home-grown feeds or'dinarily
cost less than comnmercial feeds, and
the successful'- dairymen are those
who raise most of the-feeds for their
herds. No dairyman ii South Caro.
lina has yet made a success when he
buys. his roughage. A wide variety
of feeds may be grown, permitting the
dairyman to produce a well-balanced
ration at a low cost. The following
"unit" of feed is suggested for 'each
1-ton legume hay (peavine, vetch, or
4 tons roots or silage.
1 ton sorghum (for summer feed).
% acre in velvet beans and corn.
% acre in winter pasture (rye afte
1 acre in permanent pasture.
700 pdunds velvet beans ground with
7Z0 'pounds corn and cob meal.
400 pounds cottonseed meal.
The velvet bean'and corn would be
harvested from the half-acre. By
trading coti 'seedi for cottonseed
meal all he laboIe rations may be
produced n !q jand are suffi
cient to iel ?ib y producing cow
A cow giving two gallons of milk
a day should receive 300 pounds of
roots- or silage, 10 pounds of hay, and
5 pounds of one of ' the following
100 pounds cottonseed meal.
100 pounds wheat bran,
150 pqgud '.velyet-bean meal;
200 pod nd ' heat bran.
100 pounds-cottonseed meal.
his Winter is indeed Fortunat&.
d a Record
entcal with the needs
and success r-f one means
rs--no specl priliecge not
-ty coagn l to see that:
tion befween the public and
i Srank policy in the manage
onadence of governenttal
atmenit which will e'nable it
the acqulsition of better and
id for Increasedi and better
e f thte South alongside of
I rWaS equal iibertics. equal
ts the Souith"
rbr. Uul.ne That Does Noet Affect the Ifsed
'sn 'u o- f its tonic and laxative effect, L~AXA.
St' U' .)iMO QUIN1NR~ is better than Ordinary
.nn- and does not cause nervousness nor
ine Tin he . Remem er the Etali name and
~oo. ior the ia ture .S. W. GROVE. loc.
A m-1m~TIJim IN TMR TIMu8.
SMALL G-.ARAIN- S.MUTS
I 'DECREASE YED
SIMPLE SNED TREATMENT WILL
USE THE VERY BEST OF SEED
Production of SmalIGrain Crops Can
Be increased by Proper
Small grain smuts may be destroy.
ed very easily by seed treatment, says
the botany and plant pathology divi
sion of Clemson College. -There was
a l9e of 5 to 10 per cent of our small
grain crops in Souith, Carolina last
year due to smuts. In view of the
fact that grains are of very great im
portance at this time, and in most
cases seed from last year's crop is to
be used,. it is urged that the seed be
treated before' planting. Enough
seed to sow an acre can be treated for
five cents, y'et it may save the farmer
as high as $20 for every acre of grain
planted. . -
Rye is not subject so to smuts, but
to prevent smuts of bats, barley and
wheat. use only the very best seed
obtainable, and before treating be
sure to have, if possible, the seed pass
ed through a fanning mill to remove
light imperfect kernels and any smut
balls that may not have been removed
at the time of thrashing.
For chemical treatment of seed the
following methods have been foun-1
to be most effective:
(1) Take an old molasses Or oil
barrel, clean well and fill about two.
third&' full with formalin solution
one pint of formadehyde to forty gal
lons of water. Place about a bushel
of seed in a bagsand tie near the top
so that the .seed will have free move
ment within the bath. Allow each
bag to soak in the solution for about
ten orfifteen minutes. After treat
ing from fifteen to twenty bushels a
new bath should be prepared. As
fast as the sacks of seed are treated
and alloved to drip they should be
emptied into a pile and allowed to re
main over night. The seed should
then be planted at once or dried to
(2) Place the seed in a pile on the
floor or in one end of a wagon body,
and as you gradually shovel from one
pile to a new one the seed should hr
sprinkled with the formalin solution.
The shoveling and sprinkling of the
seed should be repeated until the seed
are thoroughly damp. Then place
damp bags over the piles and allow to
remain over night.
The former treatment is preferable
and gives better results as the seed
are more likely to be thoroughly wet
The above methods may be varied by
the use of bluestone (one pound of
bluestone to four or five gallons of
water) instead of formaldehyde. The
bluestone is likely, however, to prove
more injurious to germination, espe
cially oat seed. Materials for making
thri solutions may be purchased at a
TIRE COUNTRY CHURCH
Should Serve Itself and Farmers by
Promoting Progressive Farkhing.
Just as no0 stream can possibly rise
higher than its source so no church
can make progress faster than its
people, says Dr. W. H. Mills,-.a well
known Presbyterian minister- and pro
fessor of rural sociology at Clemson
College. The pioty and spirituillity of
the chlurch are in'(direct proportion to
the piety and spirituality in the homes
andl in th~e lives of its members. So
also, the intelligence and vigor which
the c-hurchl shows in supporting the
work of Its denomination, indicate the
average intelligence and financial abil
ity of the people of its congregation.
A live prayer meeting shows that
sonmc members pray at home; a grow
ing Sunday school shows that the
p~eople are interested in the welfare
of the children andl tile studly of thei
Bible. Small gifts to missions must
mean little interest in missions or
little ability to give.
The Country Church and Agricuiture.
The countr'y church must be inter
ested in good roads, for upon the
roads the church attendance largely
depends; in crops, for upon their yield
the church icome depends. Thus the
church roots itself in the lives of
the people and unfailingly declares
tile prospeority of the community,
whether the soil is rich and well pro
pared,'or poor, stony and neglected.
There is an intimate relation between
a prosperous agriculture and a pros.
Suppose the crops are in need of
rain, petitions afe sent up fo refresh.
ing showers. But again, crops wilt
from bad farm practice-the soil is
not in propdr condlition to retain mois
ture. Then ought not the church to
be interested and take part in teach
ing those who can correct this fiad
farm managrement and show the way
to more profitable yields? Since op
portune rains, the dlirect gift of God,
and good farming, the result of scien
tific teaching, alike, produce more
abundant harvests, out of which th6
church income is paid, the church
sholuld have a vital interest in both
and should not neglect either, It may
obtain the rain in answer to prayer:
it Canl secure tuhe larger Income from
torrect farm management only, as it
urges its peple to heed such teach.
AN EN INE
YOU'LL NEVER FORGET
The great Chalmers engine, now featuring the cur
rent Chalmers car, arrived at a rare time in history.
With war on, and gasoline in use now as never
before, there has been one result evident probably to
most every man that drives a car-the rapid decline in
the grade of gasoline.
Engineers never expect to see a high-grade gas again,
In the face of this condition now comes the great
Chalmers engine, which makes high power out of low
It makes "one drop of gas now do the work of two."
It makes gasoline work as gasoline has neverworked
in an automobile engine before.
By means of an ingenious device known as a"hot
spot,' the gas, after leaving the carburetor, is warmed
up (but not overheated) just before it enters the intake
Then by means of another ingenious device known'
as a "ram's-horn" manifold, it is skillfully passed on to
the engine combustion chamber.
- The secret here is in what are known as "easy air
The result is that at the time wvhen the gas is
touched off by -the spark plug it is "cracked up" into a
perfect vapor for 100% results.
This device in particular is one of the most notable
achievements in automobile engineering in many years.
Not only do these iirnprovements on the engine
create more power out of less gas, but they also make
possible a quick starting engine on a cold day.
When you step~ on the~ starter button in a current
Chalmers, you get results ridat off, And your engine
begins to run with midsunnr smoothness-no misr
ing cylinders-no spitti ng-no hoita ting-no backfire.
So noteworthy is this great Chalmecrs engine that
one is tempted to overlook other notable improve
ments and perfections in the current Chalmers.
They are numberless, and once evident to the eye
of a wise buyer, they win him.
To miss seeing the current Chalmers at our show
rooms is to miss the most recent and most talked-of
car of the day.
TOURING CAR, 7-PASSENGER $1450 TOURING SEDAN -* - $1850 TOWVN CAR LANDAULET $3023
TlOUJRING CAR, 5-PASSENGER $1365 CABRIOLET, 3-PASS\G* R tib25 LIMOUSINE, 7-PASSENGER $2925
STANDARD ROADSTER - $1365. TOWN CA, R . Wu' a :'r5 LiMOUSINE LANDAULET $3025
ALL PRICES F. 0. B. DETROIT SUBIJECT TI' Liitui WITHOUT NOTICE
Sumter Motor Co.,
Sumter, S. C.