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CAGE THE BEAST OF BERLIN, TIlE KAISER, BUY WAR STAMPS!
WIERSE NOW IN A
United States Circuit Court Affirms
Sentence Imposed at the
HIS COUNSEL IS CENSUREI>
Effort to "Drag in Name of the Trial
Judge" Is Denounced as
Richmond, May 7.-Paul Wierse,
formerly an editorial writer on the
Charleston American must serve two
years in the Atlanta federal prison
and pay a fine of $1,000 for conspir
ing to sink and causing to be sunk
the German merchant steamship Lie
benfels in Charleston harbor, January
31, 1917, so decided the rederal appeal
court here today in an opinion writ
ten by Judge Jeter C. Pritchard, af
firming the lower court at Charleston.
Sentence of six months in prison
and $100 fine meted out to Capt. Jo.
hann Klattenhoff, master of the
steamship, charged similarly, was al.
"It rarely occurs where parties are
charged with conspiracy,' said the
opinion, "that the prosecution is able
to establish their guilt by positive
and direct testimony. From the very
nature of things, conspiracy is a
crime that is entered into secretly,
and as a general rule in the prosecu
tion of cases of this character the gov
ernment must rely upon inferences
to be drawn from the facts and cir
cumstances surrounding the transac
"Reprehensible" Says the Court
Efforts of the defense to "drag the
name of the trial jut-ge into the case
in a personal way, were denounced as
"reprehensible in the highest degree."
In ordering references of that charac
ter stricken from the brief, the court
described them as "irrelevant, scan
dalous and impertinent."
It was suggested that if 'che defense
doubted whether it could get a fair
trial at the hands of Judge Smith it
could easily have had the case trans
ferred to another judge for trial.
"This court will not permit one of
the high character and standing of the
learned judge who tried this case in
the court below to be assailed in one
of its records in such an unjust and
unwarranted manner," sai dthe opin
Wierse and Klattenhoff were tried
in Aiken last October. Mueller was re.
norted to be out of the country.
Wierse was defended by John P.
Grace, who, on the appeal argued the
case at Richmond, January 29. As
sistant United States District Attor
ney J. Waties Waring appearing for
the government. .About two weeks
will elapse before the opinion is offi
cially received in Charleston and soon
thereafter the court's mandate will be
operative. October 12, 1917, Wierse
made bond in the sum of $10,000, the
following being the bondsmen: Paul
Wierse, H. G. C. Hackemann, Waltor
F. Livingston, and Julian V. Brandt.
London, May 5.-Reuter's Moscow
correspondent learns that ex-Czar
Nicholas Romanoff, the ex-czarine
and one daughter, are now in Ekater.
inburg, in the Perm district. The So
viet announced the transfer of the ex
czar and his family from Tobolsk, Si
beria, because peasants and monarch
ists were promoting their escape. Th<
Ural soviets are now held responsible
for surveillance of the former Russiar
ruler. The ezarovitch is not mention
ed in the dispatch.
Ekaterinburg, or Yekaterinburg, sc
named after Catherine, wife of Peter
the Great, is on the Asiatic side ol
the Ural mountaIns, 170 miles south
west of the city of Perm.
TRYING TO OUT
Huns Resorting to Unsportsmanlike
Tricks, Says Report From
MARK PLANES LIKE ALLIES
American Fliers, for Fear of Attack
ing Friend, Must Get
With the American Army in France
--German aviators are now resorting
to unsportsmanlike tricks In an en..
dleavor to outwit American fliers. The
trickiness of the German soldier afoot,
is emulated by enemy airmen whc
are marking their machines to make
them look as much like allied mark
ings as possible.
The Germans have taken to round
off corners of the cross on the wings
of their edges to make them look like
allied badges. The game of tho' Ger
man airman Is to play around, get In
a shot If he can, and then run. Amer
lean fliers, for fear of attacking a
probable friend, must get up close to
an enemy machine, usually after coui.:
siderable minoeuvering before open
In a fleh.~ apnda nar
LIST OF THOSE KILLED
IN LEARNING TO FLY
Washington, May 5.-One hundred
and two deaths in flying accidents oc
curred at eighteen aviation camps in
the United States and at Camp Bor
den, Canada, where American fliers
are training, up to last April 24, the
war department announced today.
Several fatal accidents nave occurred
since that time.
The number of fatalities is not con
sidered large by war department of
ficials when the great number of men
in training is taken into consideration.
Many of the accidents occurred over a
period of a few weeks in March and
April when many fliers were receiv
ing their final training in the South
The number of deaths at each field
were given as follows:
Ellington Field, Houanon, Texas, 17.
Camp Taliaferro, Field No. 1, Ft.
Worth, Texas, 15.
Camp Taliaferro, Field No. 2, Ft.
Worth, Texas, 2.
Camp Taliaferro, I'ereld No. 3, Ft.
Worth, Texas, 1.
Kelly Field, San Antonio, Texas, 14.
Gerstner Field, Lake Charles, La.
Park Field, Millington, Teni. 9.
Post Field, Ft. Sill, Okla., 6.
Call Field, Wichita Falls, Texas, 5.
Love Field, Dallas, Texas, 4.
Rockwell Field, Mineola, L. I., 4.
Rockwel Field, San Diego, Cal. 4.
Camp Borden, Toronto, Canada, 3.
Selfridge Field, Mt. Clemmens,
Carlstrom Field, Arcadia, Fla., 1.
Chandler Field, Essington, Pa., 1.
Richfield Field, Belleville, Ill., 1.
Scott Field, Belleville, Ill., 1.
Wilbur Wright Field, Fairfield,
DRASTIC SEARCH ON
An Atlantic Port, May 5.-One
German and 13 other passengers
were seized and held in custody by
federal authorities today upon the ar
rival of a British steamer from a
South American port, following a
search more drastic and precautious
more in detail than have before been
employed since America entered the
war, it was declared.
Every passenger and member of
the crew was searched by agents of
the army and navy intelligence bu
reaus and the department of justice.
Passports were scrutinized closely. All
baggage was retained.
The German suspect was under
guard throughout the voyage and was
not allowed on deck. -is luggage was
search..d. His two lawking sticks were
broken lest they hohl hidden papers,
and phonograph records in his pos
ion were seized. He was removed
from the ship to a place of internment
for further questioning. The other 13
detianed passengers were sent to El
lis Island. A special board of inquiry
will give them a hearing.
The ship, which carried 295 passen
gers, including some well-known
American army and navy men, ran
"dark" each night. Smoking on deck
was prohibited and canvas was
stretched over the cabin port holes to
prevent any lights being showr.
WHITE MOUSE SICK, BUT
' TRAINER DENIED ALCOHOL
Baemerton, Wash., May 5.-The Pu
get Sound naval station city has
achieved a reputation as a dry spot.
When one of a number of trained mice
with a carnival showing here became
ill with pneumonia the owner of the
animals sought to obtain three drops
alcohol with which to save the mouse's
life. The animal visited every WDK
life. The animal owner visited every
drug store in the city, but was told he
would have to have a dloctor's pre
scription to get even the decsiredl three
~ERICANS IN AIR
dome to which Americans are at.
tached when an alarm comes in. The
telephone bell rings at the hangar and
the location of the enemy is reported.
A number of young Americans take
the air quickly and in less than five
minutes from the time the bell ring~s
the airplanes look like mosquitoes mn
the sky. In three-quarters df an hour
they are back again and compare
"Did you see anything ?" one yells
"One Hun way back in Germany,"
conmes the reply.
"What were those three machines
north of ?" is the next ques
"They looked like French, but you
never know." was the answer on this3
Then the Americans climb out and
sit around and wait for the end of
their tour of duty or for another
alarm. The American airmen are us
lag the same machine guns which
have been found most effective by th.
Anglo-French army. Some of the
Americans are completing their train
ing in flying in formations on patrol
in fait chasers, while others are learn
ing observation,and photograph work.
The County Democratic Convention
was called to order by S. Oliver
O'Bryan, County Chairman, Monday
at 12 o'clock.
Mr. O'Bryan in a few minutes'
speech called attention to the fact that
the Convention was meeting under
different circumstances than in past
years; that at the last meeting this
nation was.-at peace with all the world,
but now the terrible war that had been
raging in Europe had reached our own
shores and had affected practically
every family in Clarendon county.
That there were boys from the coun
ty in France, in the training camps
and others were preparing to go. He
called attention to the fact that this
was a Democratic Convention and
that the United States Government
was now controlled by Democrats and
not only had the influence of Democ
racy been felt in our own country bit
that the head of the Democratic party
was the spokesman of the Allies, who
were battling for the civilization of
Mr. O'Bryan referred to the fact
that several thousand years ago when
the children of Israel were in Egyp
tian bondage, that God called Moses
to deliver them from their bondage,
who led them to the Red Sea and
when the barrier appeared to be more
than they could overcome, that Moses
commanded them "Go Forward" and
that President Wilson was now the
Moses who had come to deliver the
world from threatened Prussian bond
age and had commanded the American
people to go forward and that it was
the duty of every true and loyal Dem
ocrat to uphold the hands of the Pres.
ident. After thcee remarks Rev. L. B.
McCord was called upon for the invo
cation and earnestly ;frayed that the
deliberations of the Convention would
be characterized by patriotisim and an
endeavor to render the very best serv
Mr. Charlton DuRant was unani
mously elected as Temporary Presi
dent of the Convention.
In assuming the chair, Mr. DuRant
referred to the t'emarks of Mr.
O'Bryan and impressed upon the Con
vention the fact that the people were
not now interested in politics; that we
were living in the most critical period
of our country's history and that it
was the duty of every man to support
and uphold the hands of President
Mr. DuRant called attention to the
fact that there was still a great deal
of disloyalty in the county and that
the persons who were doing a great
deal of harm here were not Germans
but natural born Americans who were
criticising and otherwise hampering
our government. lie called upon the
men present to report all disloyalty
that came to their ears and if they
did not know the proper person to
whom such report should be made,
that if the names of the offending
parties and the witnesses were sent to
1him, he would see to it that the report
was duly filed. Mr. DuRant said: "I
do not know what course others may
take, but as for me, I intend to re
port every disloyal utterance that 1
hear, and it is the duty of all of you
to do the same." This remark brought
forth prolonged applause.
Mr. DuRant 1 hen announced that
Ithe next' business of the Convention
was the election of a temporary se
lection. Mr. J. M. Windham was nom
inated and unanimously elected.
The following Committee on Cre
dentials were appointed by the Chair:
.J. A. ,James, chairman.
J. R. Griffin.
W. W. Johnson.
M. H. Mallette.
.J.. I. Timmons.
E. C. Horton.
E. D. lodge.
The only contest to come before
the Committee was wvithi reference to
the Alcolu club.
Trhe County Chairman had ordered
the Alcolu club to organize at 8:30
o'clock on Saturday evening, and it
appears that a few of the members
met at 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Some of the members of the club as
sembled that night at the appointed
time but no meeting was had. TIhe fol
lowing Tuesday night an informal
meeting of the club was held and it
was decided to have a meeting Thurs
day evening. It appears that at this
meeting about seventy-five mnemibers
were present and a new set of offi
cers and (delegates were elected. The
delegates who had been selected on
Saturday afternoon, as wvell as the
Thursday night delegates claimed to
be the legally appointed ones and this
matter was thrashed out before the
Credentials Committee. The Comm it
tee, after investigating the matter, re
commendedi that inasmuch as this club
was entitled to four delegates that
two from each side be seated. This
was referred to the Convention and
It looked as if the Alcolu muddle
had been coeinitel y settled when Mr.
Reese asked for information as to who
were the proper officials of the club
that the Credentials Committee had
only rassed upo~n the question of dole
gates. There was considerable dis
cussion aloing this line and in a meais
ure that ent'r. matter was thrashed
out on the finor et the Cinvention. It
s s then moved that the proper off I
cia'ls of tho club would he the onep
who were seie, ted at tIu Thursde~y
*ib meeting This a~estion was
ti rty-two cc 4i...*-two. Mr. DuRant Ca
ai-:neunced thar, as presiden'. of the ty
'mventio-i he. w old have to cast the fic
(;.ending vo e and stated that Inas- tie
n och as th - ,v'dence showed that gI
there was a very small attendance at "
the Saturday afternoon meeting and a
large one at the Thursday night meet- ti.
ing that the latter was more repre- to
sentative and that he was satisfied pr
that those officers would do their duty th
and consequently he would vote for th
those officers. Sy
There were no other contests and str
the roll of the Convention was quickly
made up and adopted.
It was then moved and carried that M.
the Temporary President and Tem- co,
porary Secretary be elected as per
manent President and permanent Sec- be
retary of that convention. co,
The next business was that of the ry
election of a County Chairman, S. are
Oliver O'Bryan, Esq., was nominated th<
and unanimously elected for the en- 4
suing two years. ve
The election of eight delegates to
the State convention took up consid
erable time. The following were nom
inated: James M. Montgomery, J. R.
Griffin, W. H. Anderson, J. S. Evans, wc
Jas. McCutcheon, A. C. Bradham, R. col
R. McFaddin, L. M. Jones, M. H. Mel- na
lette, J. R. Dingle, I. 1. Appelt, M. B. Yc
Hudnal, L .S. Barwick, W. W. John- m<
son, H. L. Johnstone, R. S. DesChamps th<
and J. H. Timmons. the
The result of the first ballot was as co
.James M. Montgomery ---------37 le3
J. R. Griffin -------------------37 an
W. H. Anderson -___.---------36 Ch
J. S. Evans ----------- ------ 36
Jas. McCutcheon------..-----36 0
A. C. Bradham ------- --- ------37 e
R. R. McFaddin ------ ----------36 te
L. M. Jones ------------------ BE
M. H. Mellette pr- __ 37 p.
J. R. Dingle -------- --- --- .38 cii
I. I. Appelt ---------------.....38t
M. B. Hudnal -------------.- ----37 te
L. S. Barwick -------------------
W. W. Johnson - 8
H. L. Johnstone --37 fo
R. S. DesChamps-------- ------37
J. H. Timmons ------------------2 be
J. R. Dingle, I. I. Appelt and W. W. fe
Johnson were declared elect;d.
On the next ballot M. H. Mellette, jt
L. S. Barwick, H. L. Johnstone and M.
B. Hudnal were elected and on the
third ballot A. C. Bradham was
elected, defeating R. S. DesChamps.
W. W. Johnson was selected as a th
member of the State Credentials Com- t
The position of State Executive
Committeeman was also warmly con- lo
tested and resulted in the electien of
J. R. Dingle over A. C. Bradham by a
vote of 36 to 34. r
The following resolution was unani- B
The Hood Resolution Adopted in
"1. That we heartily approve of the 9
declaration by our government of a 8
state of war with Germany and Aus- 8
tria-Hungary, and of the vigorous
prosecution thereof by our country A
under the able and courageous lead
ershi'. of President Wilson. N
"2. That we heartily approve of the p*
select. ve draft act by which our naval
and military forces have been re- it
'cruited and built up from every class
of our citizens; and in this connec- B
tion, we declare our unswerving sum. J
pathy with the governments of Great.
I Britain and Canada in enforcing con
scription within their domains. in
"3. We bitterly condemn the mob
bing of A merican soldiers and sailors I0
by disloyal Irish people who have de
clared their friendship for and sympa- 4
thy with Germany.
"4. We heartily favor vigorous pro
secution and adlequate punishment for
d (isloyalty of every character in our N<
"5. We dleclare our unwv'erin'g p.
sympiathy with and support of our of.
ficers and men in every branch of
the military andl naval service, and in ~
every service that is contributing to
the success of our arms; andl we ...ave
heard with adlmirat ion and patriotic
fervor of the splendid and gallant
service being rendleredl by ou rmen on
land and sea, and express our utmost
confidence in their effective e'ndur- Ni
anice to a victorious endl.
"6. We express our unbounded adi
miration for the heroic deeds and
endurance of our country's noble as
sociates wvho have borne wvith such
splendlid fortitude and courage the g
horros and brutalities of a wvar
forced upon them, as upon us, biy a
ruthless and infamous foe.
"7. We most heartily favor the
prosecution of the war to a victorious Pr
peace by which the world shall be ha
madle safe for dlemocracy andl hu- ity
"8. Resolved, further: That the (d- frc
egates elected by the county conven
tion to the State convention be in- noi
structed to support these resolutions ke<
In the State conventlon." ale
It appeared that the convention was thi
composed of 36 Reformers and 34 of m<
the other faction and on almost every trc
vote these lines were clearly drawn, po:
except in the ease of the election of A. ral
C. Bradham as a delegate to the State bul
Convention and S. Oliver O'Br'yan as ed
County Chairman, both of whom are, ses
a nd always have been of the anti- gui
Democrats in every county of South
rolina met in their respective coun
seats yesterday and elected of
ers to conduct the primary elec
ns this summer and named dele
tes to the State convention which
ets in Columbia May 15.
esolutions pledging the loyalty of
people of this State to t.ie na
nal administration were adopted in
tctically ev' counry.
3rangaburi~r Democrats advocated
disfr anchisnient of all German
npathizers, while others, notably in
artanburg, urged drastic action to
ump out disloyalty.
Senator Tillman was endorsed in
my counties of the state, while Mr.
B. Dial, was endorsed by his home
The anti-Blease faction appears to
in control in practically every
inty with the exception of Newber
and Clarendon. Factional lines
(drawn in but few counties, and
outstanding feature of the day
.s the quietness with which the con
ition passed off.
S 1' 1:l'ILT IN 28 DA 13
Phihde-ph'a, May 5.-Buil; in the I
rld'' record time of 28 days, the
tier ''uckaoe of the Unite I States
vy glided dow:n the ways of the New
irk Shipbuilding company this
>rning in the presence of several
)usand spectators and officials of
United States shipping board. The
Tier was christened by Miss Helen
irley, (laughter of Chairman Ilur
', of the shipping board, who made
Vice President Charles A. Piez and
arles M. Schwab, director general
the Emergency Fleet corporation.
nator Fletcher, chairman of the in
-state commerce committee; Senator
.ird, of New Jersey, and other
aminent men were among the offi
The Tuckahoe was sent into the wa
with boilers, masts, gun-mounts
d other trappings alrtady installed.
e company promises to turn the
ssel over to the government ready
r service in ten days.
The Tuckahoe is 332 feet in length,
am 49 1-2 feet and depth 29 1-2
At. Her tonnage is 5,548.
JNIOR FOUR MINUTE
The Junior Four Minute Orators of
e County have been organized into
o teams, each team composed of
ur girls and four boys.
Team No. 1 is composed of the fol
wing: Misses Lois Thompson, Dor
Barrineau, Erin McaFddin, Mamie
Irvin, Masters Robert Conyers, Bur
I Tindal, Joe Bragdon, and William
This team will speak at the follow
Enterprise School, Thursday, May
at 4 P. M.
colu School, Thursday, May 9, at
30 P. M.
Sardinia, Friday, May 10, at 10
New Zion, Friday, May 10, at 12
Turbeville, Friday, May 10, at 4
Team No. 2 is composed of the fol
wing: Misses Pearle Rawlinson,
ary Rigby, Sadie Ridgill, Mary
-oughton, Masters Nevelle Sprott,
mes Coskrey, Alfonso Deschamps,
d Elbert Hodge.
This team will spea at the follow
Home Branch, 'Thut sdav, May 9 at
Paxville, Thursday. May 9, at 12
Pinewod, Thursday, May 9, at 8:730
.Jordon, Friday, Mady 10 at 10 A. M.
Davis Station, Friday, May 10 at 12
Summerton, Friday, May 10 at 8:30
[Ew SECTOR TA
hlw Occupy Three Mtile of Trenches
to thie Southwest of
MAKE SUCCESSFI, RAIDS
Their New Quarters C'anadiains
Keep Enemy ('onstantly
on the Alert
Canadian Army Hleadquarters in
ance, May 6.-Tlhe Canadian army
a taken over trenches in the vicin
of Neuville-Vitasse, Mercatel and
isleux-St. Mare, in addition to its
it from Hill 70 to Gavrelle.
in their new quarters, as well as
eth of the Scarpe, they have been
spiing the enemy constantly on the
rt. Prominent in the operations in
s area was the raId last Friday
>rning when the Saskatchewan
ops penetratedI the enemy's out
it to a depth of 400 yards. The
d was conducted at only light cost,
;both sides of the road were mark
with enemy dead. We captured
'en prisoners and four machine
Urain on the morning of April 20
BUNS ARE [XPECTED TO
STRIKE FOR ARRAS
French Opinion is Next Great Blow
Cannot Long Be
GREAT FORCES GATHERED
Divisions Borrowed From Gen. Von
Bulow Have Been Recently
On the French Front in France,
May 6.-The opinion is virtually un
animous that the further great blow
which the German staff must inevit
ably deliver, if it intends to try to ex
ecute the promises made to the Ger
man nation when the offensive was
started, must conic soon.
The great activity of the enemy
along the Ypres sector is possibly a
prelude to the opening of a new Ger
man rush there, or Is imtended to dis
tract attention from a formidable at
tack elsewhere. There is indeed a
widespread view that the next move
must come from the German armies
concentrated under Gen. von Below
fronting Arras. Some of its divisons
were borrowed by other Germa
armies for attacks to the north and
the south, but these have since been
replaced by others and the force gath
ered there is very powerful.
From Arras, in the unlikely event
of a German success, it could turn
either toward the coast or toward
Amiens, but it appears most likely
that the more northerly operation
would be chosen in an attempt to sep
arate the main British and French
forces. The continued bombard ment
of Amiens is possibly nierely a blind
to cover the preparation of this
Since the breakdown, howev.r, of
the first German rush by the heroic
stand of the French and British
troops, the Allies have had time to
strengthen their positions against any
fresh onslaughts. The unity of com
mand which fused all the Allied arm
ies into one and the terrific losses
suffered by the enemy without the
accomplish meat of any successes
which count, seem to nave caused the
Germans to hesitate, but it is impos
sible for them to content themselves
with the present positions, which are
of the most unfavorable character and
Another factor in compellingz their
to seek a rapid decision is the trans
parent fear of th^ ever-increasing
strength of the American forces, dis
played in the >resent deluge of Ger
man propagand a decrying the Ameri.
can effort. These forces they foresee
may become a powerful instrument in
bringing about their defeat before
long, and they are certain to seek
success before the trans-Atlantic arm.
The Germans are fully aware that
it is America's intention to throw het
whole energy into the common cause
of winning the war, and despite theit
attempts to belittle American help to
the Allies, they are wide awake t-: the
langers to themselves.
MORE TAX FOR jART.
Jersey City, May 3.-"Baby-hating
landlords will have to pay more tax
es," declared James F. Gannon, di
rector of revenue and finance, today.
le had been informed by numerons
families that they had been ordered to
move because they had babies. "If
they have children," said Gannan, "the
families are to be annoyed because
city administration will adopt retalia.
tory measures. I shall raise the ta
valuation of such landlords to the
Have you 25e worth of patriotism !
Prove it by buying a Thrift Stamp.
a very successful raid wa car itried out
positions in the vicinity of Neuoville.
Vitasse. Tlhey captured ten prison
(ers and four mach ine guns.
Inflict Heavy Casualties
The Canadians renmained in the en
emy lines twenty minutes, inflicting
numerous c'asualties on the foe. The
Canadians returned to their lines with
only nine killed or missing.
Another feature of the minor at~
tivities of the Canadian forces in this!
sector was the assistance rendered
English troops, whose lines hnd been
attacked by hostile rders. An On.
tarto company officer, acting on his
own initiative, organized a counter.
attack and cleared half the trench,
while English forces operating from
the south, completedl the clearance,
Thrown back upon his own positions
in disq%-der the enemy later attem pt
ed an attack in some force. It failed
completely, being broken up by artil
lery, rifle and machine gun fire.
The new section of battle front tak
en over by the Canadian troops lies
to the southeast of Arras and Is about
three miles in lngth.