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PEANUTS [OR OIL PRODUCTION
Urgent needs by the allied armies
for edible oils together with trans
oprtation conditions occasioned by
the war have reduced the transpor
tation of oils into the United State3
to such r.: extent that the price of
peanut oil at the mills has increased
100 per cent since 1915. In the manu
facture of peanut oil there are valu
able by-p-roducts such as inferior nuts,
peanut cake, peanut vine hay and ot'l
er feed products. These by-products
are among the richest of stock feeds
and can be utilized to good advantage
in feeding cattle, hogs, horses and
mules so that the by-product itself
is an important soui cc of prjfit to
both the oil manufta':ture.' and the
farmv'i Taking all factor3 into car,
sid::rat:on it seems that there is an op
pr.rtun. Y for farmers, utacktm r. mill
cwners. aid bankers to interest then.
selves in the increased pc 'iuction of
p'eanults. nftut oil cni l.:" usc' with
..iit ;.ddI ;'Jiial refininc , if pressed
from sound stock it has a good color.
and a sweet, nutty flavar. It can be
substituted for animal its, and is sat
isfactory for salads and table oil, just
as it runs from the press, whereas,
cottonseed oil must be r ine'l befoc
being u In this respeet: peanut oil
is like ',IAve cil The oest grade of
peanut oil for table use ()mes direct
from the nuts, just as the best olive
oil comes from the fresh olives. Ruan-id
peanut oil made from spoiled outs, or
from sound nuts improperly treated,
can be refined and made edibta, but
this lacks the characteristic pe 's'ut
taste of high grade oil, and is inferior
for salads and table purposes. Mixe i
with other oils it yields a satisfactory"
product. An analysis of twelve sam
pIles of Spanish peanuts shows them
to contain 52.8 per cent of oil, and
nineteen samples of the Virginia pea
nuts an average of 43 per cent, fig
ured on the basis of dry shelled nuts.
In actual practice there are about 600
pounds of hulls and trash in each ton
of the farmers' stock. Estimating
these nuts to contain 50 per cent oil
would give approximately 700 lbs. of
oil and 700 lbs. of high grade meal in
each ton of the farmers' stock. If the
cuts are crushed with the hulls the
yield of meal will be about 1,250 lbs.
but of a lower grade. After the trash
is removed and the oil expressed fron
Spanish nuts( the ;residual peanut
take contains about 9 per cent of oil,
which would leave approximately 637
pounds of oil for each ton of the farm
ers' stock, or a total of 85 gallons.
The Valencia is a comparatively
new- variety. It is a fair yielder on
the average soils, but is not consid
ered as desirable as either the Florida
Runner or the Spanish, although on
hinds. used for trucking it has pr
duced good yields.
For oil production the White Span
ah is the favorite variety; the propor
cion of meal to hull is greater than
in other varieties, and it yields a
Higher percentage of oil. The main
)bjection, to it has been that it sprouts
readily as soon as ripe if the soil is
moist; and as peanuts have been used
almost entirely for hog feeding, al
lbwing" the hogs to pasture them, it is
I 45 Soi
often desirable that they remaii ir
the soil until late fall or winter.
SUMMER SCHOOL FOR
The State Summer School for Col
ored Teachers begins at the State Col.
ored Agricultural Collegq at Orange.
burg Monday, July 24th and will be ir
session four weeks. The session of.
fers courses in agriculture, domestic
art, manual training, and regular aca
demic course. President R. S. Wilkin
son has sent out a well prepared cir
cular giving full information in de
tail and colored teachers all over the
State are requested to take advan
tage of the cpportunity and attend.
For the benefit of the colored teach
ers in Clarendon County, the Times
makes this publication.
B. F. Hubert, Professor of Vocation
B. F. Cox, Professor of Nature
N. C. Dix, Professor of Mathemat
G. W. Pegues, Associate Professor
.1. B. Beck, Professor of English.
J. T. Williamson, Professor of Psy
chology and Pedagogy.
R. S. Wilkinson, Professor of
Household Chemistry and Physics.
.J. L. Cain, Professor of Rural Edu
I. M A. Myers, Professor of Civics
dnd Current Events.
S. M. Pinckney, Instructor in Can
.J. T. Lyles, Instructor in Dairying.
A. W. Simkins, Instructor in Voca
tional Trades and Industries.
Miss .Julia V. Garbon, Instructor
in Cooking and Dietetics.
Miss Prudence L. Lewis, Instructor
in Sewing and Domestic.
Miss Julia K. Mickey, Instructor in
History and Geography.
Miss Sarah B. Henoerson, Instruc
tor in Primary Methods and Drawing.
Miss Isabelle M. Hurlong, Instruc
tor in Physical Culture and Music.
Miss Mary E. Foster. Instructor in
Basketry and Handicrafts.
Miss Annie K. Boozer, Instructor in
Hon. J. E. Swearingen, State Sup
erintendent of Education.
.1. H. Brannon. State Supervisor
of Negro Schools.
Mr. W. Ii. Hand, State Supervisor
of High Schools.
.Jas. H. Dillard, director of the
Prin. J. 0. Thomas, Voorhees N.
and I. School.
Mr. W. W. Long, Director of Ex
tension Work of Clemson College.
Mr. Verd Peterson, State Supervis
or of Vocational Agriculture.
Dr. L. M. Dunton, President CI-iflin
Mr. Jackson Davis, Field Agent of
the General Education Board.
Dr. B. W. Valentine, President of
Prof. I. P. Butler, State College.
Rev. E. McGill, College Chaplain.
Prin. C. A. Lawson, Lincoln High
School, Sumter, S. C.
'e we will alw
>ries for the ci
LL LINE OF A]
g- Stock of Di
M1ikeI1, hiaving~ 15 years
ith Main St.
OUR FARMS MUST YIELD
Scarcity of food Is exacting a
higher toll in food than anything else.
Hunger is causing more intense suf
fering than are shells aid poisonous
gases combined. Out of a frightful
situation, says "Farm and Ranch,"
the voices of starving men, women
and children appeal to humanity as
never before. We may aid them :i
we will save for them. Annually we
waste enough food to feed them.
"Our farms can be made to - pro
duce more for them. No true Amer
ican is careless of suffering. Natur
ally Americans are generous and sym
pathetic and all that is necessary is to
remind them. Then they will do the
rest. Our lands will produce more;
our people save more; the world will
smile more. Then will come the pleas
ing consciousness that we of America
have (lone more, and in the doing,
But while we are doing our utmost
to produce and make it possible for
our army and navy to win the war, we
must maintain, so far as possible, the
fertility of our own soil, and this
means the maintenance of our farm
buildings, labor-saving implements,
vehicles, machines and home conven
"Not only shotild we strive to live
this year, but as long as our Crea
tor endows us with life and vigor to
do our part in peace as well as in
war. Let us long for peace upon just,
honorable and satisfactory terms and
strive to get ready to do our part
when it comes. Reconstruction may
be trying. Why not plan our affairs
so we may help the Government, so
ciety, and the civilized world to be
come normal after the enemy suc
cumbs to the laws and ideals of hu
"Let us look wisely and well to the
future. Produce and prepare for
peace, contentment and happiness
1which will come, if we, as citizens and
neighbor, do our 'part to sustain
"The one union to which all of us
belong, and to which our paramount
allegiance is owing, is that union
awhich is known as -the American re
"Let us steadily keep in mind the
one great fact that nothing must be
allowed to interfere with ample pro
duction. This means that there must
be no attempt by the Government to
price fixing which shall result to the
detriment of the farmer."
BUSCH PROPERTY SEIZED
Consists ..Largely -of Breweries
Washingtno, June 17.-All the
property in this country of Mrs. Adol
phus Busch of St. Louis, valued at mil
liens of dollars, was ordered seize. to
,day by Alien Property Custodian
Mrs. Busch has recently been in
Germany and is new in Cuba en route
t- the United States.
'lhe property c.n ists largely i
breweries in St.. Loui and many other
c:ties throughout the country.
the whole bujik
ays keep on ha
tr owners. It is
;ories out of Su
LL THE Po
ar Red or Gre
ERS AND FM
xperience on the road w
|H. L. TISDAI
)rd of Ac
ego, at the insistence of the
lot disregard it, I felt oblig
re to spend my life as a pri
te race and was elected by
ree sessions since, and hav
owing are some of the Bil
passed in the Senate:
ishment for the - Const
an automobile. 7
of intoxicating Gover
st liquor legisla- gave
e advertising of 8.
(An act sorely , sale o
events soliciting killed
ting the County the us
rendon County out th
Ilest publicity of 10.
tick laws apply have
ie Prohibition 11.
United States ber w]
ntion to this with a great
senate not unknown, becau
t have succeeded as well a
rid am now in a good positi
d.service and am in a pos
d this upon me and insiste
as are coming up, I am ne
now up to the people. Do t
uch for his County and Sty
upon what I have done.
5 South Main
ine of Tires i
essary to ord
lays, we hay
n Tires and
)R ANY MA
you any information
Three years E
extent that I could r
tion made years beft
lie office. I made ti
have attended the th
legislation. The foil
successful in having
1. Providing pur
theft of a bicycle or
2. Regulating thi
receipt and storage
liquors. (The strong
tion in many years)
3. Forbidding th
needed, as it also pt
orders through the r
4. n Act regula
Govern ent of Cla
and insuring the fu
5. Making cattle.
to- Clarendon County
6. Ratifying ti
Amendment to the
I call your att4
most unusual record
I went to the
otherwise, I could no
made other friends a
that may arise.
I have render(
My friends have urg
the War, big questioi
service, I announce f
The question is
tried and has done m
I am standing
ling at No. 4
nd a large 1:
now not nec
inter- -No de
v, Always i
ith this line, will giv<
.E'S OLD STAND|
people of Clarendon to such an
ed to abandon the determina
vate citizen and ask for no pub
an overwhelming majority. I
e taken an active part in the
is which I introduced and. was '
Providing for a State Reform
for White Girls. (The U.' S.
nment, since adjournment,
South Carolina $40,000 td'. help
Prohibiting the storage and
f Jamaica Ginger. (This was
in the House.)
Providing for punishment for
e of bicycle or automobile with
e owner's consent.
Providing for automobile li
for Clarendon County. (The
nor did not sign this. It would
put Clarendon one year ahead
Providing for taxation of tim
deal of pride, because it is a
se I had friends already there;
s I did. In addition, I have
on to bear a part in any matter
ition to render better service.
d that now, when, because' of
eded. With a desire to be of
hey want a man who has been
te, or not?
3r. S. C.